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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815514/intraepithelial-lymphocyte-immunophenotype-a-useful-tool-in-the-diagnosis-of-celiac-disease
#1
Rebeca Saborido, Nazareth Martinón, Alexandra Regueiro, Vanesa Crujeiras, Pablo Eiras, Rosaura Leis
According to new ESPGHAN guidelines, gluten challenge is considered necessary when there is doubt about the initial diagnosis of celiac disease (CD). The main aim of this study was to quantify intraepithelial lymphocyte (IEL) immunophenotype on celiac patients on gluten-containing diet (GCD) compared to those on gluten-free diet (GFD). Another aim was to evaluate the clinical utility of IELs in the CD diagnosis, especially in selected patients on GFD where diagnostic uncertainty remains. IEL immunophenotype (TCRγδ and NK-like IELs) were studied by flow cytometry in 111 children with CD (81 children with CD on GCD and 30 celiac patients on GFD) and a control group (10 children)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812548/bacteroidales-recruit-il-6-producing-intraepithelial-lymphocytes-in-the-colon-to-promote-barrier-integrity
#2
K A Kuhn, H M Schulz, E H Regner, E L Severs, J D Hendrickson, G Mehta, A K Whitney, D Ir, N Ohri, C E Robertson, D N Frank, E L Campbell, S P Colgan
Interactions between the microbiota and distal gut are important for the maintenance of a healthy intestinal barrier; dysbiosis of intestinal microbial communities has emerged as a likely contributor to diseases that arise at the level of the mucosa. Intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) are positioned within the epithelial barrier, and in the small intestine they function to maintain epithelial homeostasis. We hypothesized that colon IELs promote epithelial barrier function through the expression of cytokines in response to interactions with commensal bacteria...
August 16, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809572/antigen-specific-gut-inflammation-and-systemic-immune-responses-induced-by-pro-longing-wheat-gluten-sensitization-in-balb-c-murine-model
#3
Vijaykrishnaraj M, Mohan Kumar Bv, Muthukumar Sp, Nawneet K Kurrey, Pichan Prabhasankar
Gluten-related diseases such as wheat allergy, celiac disease, and gluten intolerance are widespread in the globe to genetically pre-disposed individuals. The present study aims to develop wheat-gluten induced BALB/c murine model for addressing wheat-gluten related disorders by sensitizing the wheat gluten through the route of intraperitoneal and oral challenge in prolonged days. During the sensitization, the sera were collected for specific anti-gliadin antibodies response and pro-inflammatory markers quantification...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797734/microrna-150-controls-differentiation-of-intraepithelial-lymphocytes-via-tgf-%C3%AE-receptor-ii-regulation
#4
Sang-Hwan Seo, Min Seong Jang, Doo-Jin Kim, Seok-Min Kim, Se-Chan Oh, Cho-Rok Jung, Yunji Park, Sang-Jun Ha, Haiyoung Jung, Young-Jun Park, Suk Ran Yoon, Inpyo Choi, Tae-Don Kim
BACKGROUND: Intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) in the intestines play pivotal roles in maintaining the integrity of the mucosa, regulating the immune cells, and protecting against pathogenic invasion. Although several extrinsic factors such as transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) have been identified to contribute to IEL generation, intrinsic regulatory factors have not been fully determined. OBJECTIVE: Here, we investigated the regulation of IEL differentiation and the underlying mechanisms in mice...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775213/lactobacillus-reuteri-induces-gut-intraepithelial-cd4-cd8%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cells
#5
Luisa Cervantes-Barragan, Jiani N Chai, Ma Diarey Tianero, Blanda DiLuccia, Philip P Ahern, Joseph Merriman, Victor S Cortez, Michael G Caparon, Mohamed S Donia, Susan Gilfillan, Marina Cella, Jeffrey I Gordon, Chyi-Song Hsieh, Marco Colonna
The small intestine contains CD4(+)CD8αα(+) double-positive intraepithelial T lymphocytes (DP IELs), which originate from intestinal CD4(+) T cells through downregulation of the transcription factor ThPOK and have regulatory functions. DP IELs are absent in germ-free mice, suggesting that their differentiation depends on microbial factors. We found that DP IEL numbers in mice varied in different vivaria, correlating with the presence of Lactobacillus reuteri This species induced DP IELs in germ-free mice and conventionally raised mice lacking these cells...
August 3, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764169/histomorphological-spectrum-of-duodenal-pathology-in-functional-dyspepsia-patients
#6
Anita Aujenath Chaudhari, Sharada Raju Rane, Meenal Vitthal Jadhav
INTRODUCTION: Functional Dyspepsia (FD) is one of the most common causes of gastrointestinal symptoms aetiology of which is poorly understood. AIM: To study duodenal histomorphological features and their relationship with Helicobacter pylori (H Pylori) infection in patients of FD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case control study included 50 cases of FD patients selected according to Rome III criteria and 30 age and sex matched controls. These were subjected to oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy, rapid urease test for detection of H...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745324/a-committed-postselection-precursor-to-natural-tcr%C3%AE-%C3%AE-intraepithelial-lymphocytes
#7
Christoph S N Klose, Jonas F Hummel, Lena Faller, Yannick d'Hargues, Karolina Ebert, Yakup Tanriver
The intestine is a major immune organ with several specialized lymphoid structures and immune cells. Among these are thymus-derived natural intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) that lack expression of the classical co-receptors CD4 or CD8αβ (double negative (DN)). Natural IELs are both αβ(+) and γδ(+) T cells that play important roles in the maintenance of the epithelial barrier at steady state and during inflammation. The transcription factor T-bet is essential for the peripheral development of natural IELs, but its role during thymic development has remained less clear...
July 26, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686185/the-roles-of-%C3%AE-integrin-of-chinese-shrimp-fenneropenaeus-chinensis-in-wssv-infection
#8
Xiaoqian Tang, Fude Zhai, Xiuzhen Sheng, Jing Xing, Wenbin Zhan
Our previous study demonstrated that an integrin β subunit of Chinese shrimp (Fenneropenaeus chinensis) (FcβInt) plays an important role in white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection. In the present work, in order to further elucidate the potential role of FcβInt in WSSV infection, the recombinant extracellular domain of β integringene of F. Chinensis (rFcβInt-ER) was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3), and the eukaryotic expression plasmid PcDNA3.1-FcβInt-ER (PFcβInt-ER) was also constructed. Far-western blotting was performed to determine the binding specificity of rFcβInt-ER to WSSV envelope proteins, and results showed that rFcβInt-ER was able to specifically interact with rVP31, rVP37, rVP110 and rVP187...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679338/reduced-interstitial-cells-of-cajal-and-increased-intraepithelial-lymphocytes-are-associated-with-development-of-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-in-post-infectious-ibs-mouse-model
#9
Binrui Chen, Shuwen Zhu, Lijun Du, Huiqin He, John J Kim, Ning Dai
OBJECTIVE: Intestinal dysmotility and immune activation are likely involved in the pathogenesis of small intestinal bacteria overgrowth (SIBO) in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We aimed at investigating the role of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) and intestinal inflammation in the development of SIBO using a post-infectious IBS (PI-IBS) mouse model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: NIH mice were randomly infected with Trichinella spiralis. Visceral sensitivity and stool pattern were assessed at 8-weeks post-infection (PI)...
July 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652304/thymic-progenitors-of-tcr%C3%AE-%C3%AE-cd8%C3%AE-%C3%AE-intestinal-intraepithelial-lymphocytes-require-rasgrp1-for-development
#10
Dominic P Golec, Romy E Hoeppli, Laura M Henao Caviedes, Jillian McCann, Megan K Levings, Troy A Baldwin
Strong T cell receptor (TCR) signaling largely induces cell death during thymocyte development, whereas weak TCR signals induce positive selection. However, some T cell lineages require strong TCR signals for differentiation through a process termed agonist selection. The signaling relationships that underlie these three fates are unknown. RasGRP1 is a Ras activator required to transmit weak TCR signals leading to positive selection. Here, we report that, despite being dispensable for thymocyte clonal deletion, RasGRP1 is critical for agonist selection of TCRαβ(+)CD8αα intraepithelial lymphocyte (IEL) progenitors (IELps), even though both outcomes require strong TCR signaling...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627675/distinctive-crypt-shape-in-a-sessile-serrated-adenoma-polyp-distribution-of-ki67-p16ink4a-wnt5a-positive-cells-and-intraepithelial-lymphocytes
#11
Kenji Hisamatsu, Kei Noguchi, Hiroyuki Tomita, Aoi Muto, Natsumi Yamada, Kazuhiro Kobayashi, Akihiro Hirata, Tomohiro Kanayama, Ayumi Niwa, Kazuhisa Ishida, Takayuki Nakashima, Yuichiro Hatano, Natsuko Suzui, Tatsuhiko Miyazaki, Akira Hara
Serrated lesions in the colorectum are currently predominantly classified as hyperplastic polyps (HPs), sessile serrated adenomas/polyps (SSA/Ps), and traditional serrated adenomas (TSAs) according to their morphology. However, the histological morphology and the molecular changes in the serrated lesions are still unclear. We performed immunohistochemistry for Ki67, p16INK4a, and WNT5A in human HPs (n=22), SSA/Ps (n=41), and TSAs (n=19). The distribution of Ki67 and p16INK4a positive cells in TSAs was different from that in HPs and SSA/Ps...
June 15, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627054/effect-of-moringa-oleifera-leaf-powder-supplementation-on-growth-performance-and-intestinal-morphology-in-broiler-chickens
#12
I Khan, H Zaneb, S Masood, M S Yousaf, H F Rehman, H Rehman
Due to public health hazards of subtherapeutic use of antibiotics in poultry feed, there is a need for alternatives. Moringa oleifera is a phytobiotic, which is reported to possess antimicrobial and immuno-modulatory properties. This study aimed to investigate effects of M. oleifera leaf powder (MOLP) supplementation on growth performance and intestinal microarchitecture of broiler chickens. Day-old broiler chicks (n = 100) were randomly divided into five groups with four replicates each having five birds...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530714/cd8%C3%AE-%C3%AE-intraepithelial-lymphocytes-arise-from-two-main-thymic-precursors
#13
Roland Ruscher, Rebecca L Kummer, You Jeong Lee, Stephen C Jameson, Kristin A Hogquist
TCRαβ(+)CD4(-)CD8α(+)CD8β(-) intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (CD8αα IELs) are an abundant population of thymus-derived T cells that protect the gut barrier surface. We sought to better define the thymic IEL precursor (IELp) through analysis of its maturation, localization and emigration. We defined two precursor populations among TCRβ(+)CD4(-)CD8(-) thymocytes by dependence on the kinase TAK1 and rigorous lineage-exclusion criteria. Those IELp populations included a nascent PD-1(+) population and a T-bet(+) population that accumulated with age...
July 2017: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511171/clinical-outcome-of-patients-with-raised-intraepithelial-lymphocytes-with-normal-villous-architecture-on-duodenal-biopsy
#14
Vikrant Parihar, Roisin Stack, Alaa Alakkari, Nial Breslin, B M Ryan, Stephen Crowther, Deidre McNamara
INTRODUCTION: The finding of a raised intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) count with normal villous architecture is of sufficient clinical importance to be reported in routine duodenal biopsies. AIM: To study the clinical and demographic data of patients with isolated increased IELs on duodenal biopsy. METHODS: A single-tertiary-centre retrospective study was carried out with a review of medical records of patients with increased IELs. Patients from 2012 to 2014, >18 years with at least one biopsy from the second part of the duodenum with increased IELs; defined as >25 IELs/100 enterocytes, with preserved villous architecture were identified from our histopathology database with exclusion of patients with coeliac disease (CD)...
2017: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494934/the-expression-of-nkg2d-on-porcine-iel-and-its-possible-relation-to-the-adaptive-intestinal-immune-system
#15
Sara Altmeyer, Jürgen Zentek, Wilfried Vahjen, Lydia Scharek-Tedin
The gastrointestinal tract contains a multitude of components which include intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL). IELs have been reported to express a variety of surface receptors that enable cross talk among various cell populations. The purpose of the reported investigation was to determine which IEL populations express the natural killer cell receptor NKG2D which is an activating receptor that plays a role in cytolytic responses. In a feeding experiment with piglets, IELs were isolated from jejunal tissue at three different stages post weaning...
May 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453951/are-biodegradable-plates-applicable-in-endoscope-assisted-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-mandibular-subcondyle-fractures
#16
Jang-Ho Son, Jinhee Ha, Yeong-Cheol Cho, Iel-Yong Sung
PURPOSE: To investigate whether biodegradable plates are applicable in endoscope-assisted open reduction and internal fixation (EAORIF) of mandibular subcondyle fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective case-series study included patients with mandibular subcondyle fractures treated with EAORIF using an unsintered hydroxyapatite particles/poly-l-lactide biodegradable plate system, with at least 6 months of clinical follow-up data available. The outcome variables were fracture healing with postoperative stability and postoperative complications...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452428/impact-of-gluten-consumption-in-patients-with-functional-dyspepsia-a-case-control-study
#17
Lijun Du, Jinhua Shen, John J Kim, Huiqin He, Binrui Chen, Ning Dai
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Dietary factors and immune dysfunction may induce symptoms in patients with functional dyspepsia (FD). Aim of the study was to evaluate whether gluten consumption impacts symptom onset in patients with FD and to evaluate for possible histologic alterations in the duodenum of patients with FD. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 101 patients newly diagnosed with FD and 31 asymptomatic controls. Specific FD symptoms and gluten consumption patterns were evaluated by self-reported questionnaires...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350167/accurate-classical-polarization-solution-with-no-self-consistent-field-iterations
#18
Alex Albaugh, Anders M N Niklasson, Teresa Head-Gordon
We present a new solution for classical polarization that does not require any self-consistent field iterations, the aspect of classical polarization that makes it computationally expensive. The new method builds upon our iEL/SCF Lagrangian scheme that defines a set of auxiliary induced dipoles whose original purpose was to serve as a time-reversible initial guess to the SCF solution of the set of real induced dipoles. In the new iEL/0-SCF approach the auxiliary dipoles now drive the time evolution of the real induced dipoles such that they stay close to the Born-Oppenheimer surface in order to achieve a truly SCF-less method...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339726/effect-of-feeding-soybean-meal-and-differently-processed-peas-on-the-gut-mucosal-immune-system-of-broilers
#19
I Röhe, T W Göbel, F Goodarzi Boroojeni, J Zentek
Peas are traditionally used as a protein source for poultry. However, peas contain antinutritional factors (ANF), which are associated with the initiation of local and systemic immune reactions. The current study examined the effect of feeding raw or differently processed peas in comparison with feeding a soybean meal (SBM) based control diet (C) on the gut mucosal immune system of broilers in a 35 day feeding trial. In six replicates, a total of 360 one-day-old male broilers were randomly allocated to four different groups receiving C, or three treatment diets containing raw, fermented, and enzymatically pre-digested peas, each supplying 30% of required crude protein...
February 23, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333360/gammadelta-t-cells-in-crohn-s-disease-a-new-player-in-the-disease-pathogenesis
#20
Catalan-Serra Ignacio, Arne Kristian Sandvik, Torunn Bruland, Juan Carlos Andreu-Ballester
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic relapsing systemic disease affecting the gastrointestinal tract. An altered immune response to commensal intestinal bacteria takes place in genetically predisposed individuals, resulting in chronic inflammation in the gut. Several alterations in the innate immunity mechanisms have been described in recent years. Thus, the study of the immunological aspects of CD, specifically the role of lymphocytes, is a key element for understanding the pathogenesis of the disease. Gammadelta T cells (γδ T cells) constitute only a small proportion of the lymphocytes that circulate in the blood and peripheral organs and they are present mainly in the epithelia, where they can constitute up to 40% of intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL) in the intestinal mucosa...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
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