keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cpap treatment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331381/retrospective-nonrandomized-controlled-study-on-autoadjusting-dual-pressure-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-for-a-consecutive-series-of-complex-insomnia-disorder-patients
#1
Barry Krakow, Natalia D McIver, Victor A Ulibarri, Michael R Nadorff
PURPOSE: Emerging evidence shows that positive airway pressure (PAP) treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS) in chronic insomnia patients (proposed "complex insomnia" disorder) leads to substantial decreases in insomnia severity. Although continuous PAP (CPAP) is the pressure mode most widely researched, intolerance to fixed pressurized air is rarely investigated or described in comorbidity patients. This retrospective study examined dual pressure, autoadjusting PAP modes in chronic, complex insomnia disorder patients...
2017: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330459/a-prospective-observational-study-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-social-and-personality-factors-on-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-cpap-compliance-in-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome
#2
Atul Gulati, Masood Ali, Mike Davies, Tim Quinnell, Ian Smith
BACKGROUND: Compliance with CPAP treatment for OSAS is not reliably predicted by the severity of symptoms or physiological variables. We examined a range of factors which could be measured before CPAP initiation to look for predictors of compliance. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort-study of CPAP treatment for OSAS, recording; socio-economic status, education, type D personality and clinician's prediction of compliance. RESULTS: We recruited 265 subjects, of whom 221 were still using CPAP at 6 months; median age 53 years, M: F, 3...
March 22, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327130/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-accelerates-fev1-decline-in-asthmatic-patients
#3
Tsai-Yu Wang, Yu-Lun Lo, Shu-Min Lin, Chien-Da Huang, Fu-Tasi Chung, Horng-Chyuan Lin, Chun-Hua Wang, Han-Pin Kuo
BACKGROUND: Although the prevalence of both obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and asthma are both increasing, little is known about the impact of OSA on the natural history of lung function in asthmatic patients. METHODS: A total of 466 patients from our sleep laboratory were retrospectively enrolled. Of them, 77 patients (16.5%) had asthma with regular follow-up for more than 5 years. Their clinical characteristics, pulmonary function, emergency room visits, and results of polysomnography results were analysed...
March 21, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324596/blood-pressure-and-metabolic-changes-after-3-month-cpap-therapy-in-a-very-elderly-obese-with-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Francesco Spannella, Federico Giulietti, Chiara Di Pentima, Francesca Elena Lombardi, Elisabetta Borioni, Riccardo Sarzani
Age is one of the main risk factor for the presence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This syndrome is associated with hypertension, cardiovascular disease, cognitive impairment and metabolic abnormalities, such as type 2 diabetes. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) represents the gold standard therapy, but its benefit is still to be determined in very elderly. We report the blood pressure and metabolic changes in a very elderly obese with severe OSA after 3-month CPAP therapy. We have evaluated a very elderly obese male affected by severe symptomatic OSA, poor controlled nocturnal hypertension and insulin resistance...
March 21, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289449/does-personality-play-a-role-in%C3%A2-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-compliance
#5
REVIEW
Emily L Maschauer, Donna M Fairley, Renata L Riha
KEY POINTS: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) adherence is low among individuals with obstructive sleep apnoea.Type D personality and high scores on the depression and hypochondriasis scales on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) have been identified as factors contributing to non-compliance with CPAP.Further research into personality type may assist in understanding why some people adhere to CPAP, while others fail. Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a condition characterised by repetitive, intermittent partial or complete collapse/obstruction of the upper airway during sleep...
March 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287810/evaluation-of-initial-respiratory-support-strategies-in-vlbw-neonates-with-rds
#6
Seyyed Abolfazl Afjeh, Mohammad Kazem Sabzehei, Maryam Khoshnood Shariati, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri, Fatemeh Esmaili
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has brought about a significant change in care and treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. The present study was designed and conducted to evaluate different strategies of initial respiratory support (IRS) in VLBW neonates hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: This prospective study was conducted over three years (March 21, 2011 to March 20, 2014)...
March 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287009/continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-in-obstuctive-sleep-apnea-benefits-and-alternatives
#7
Michelle T Cao, Joshua M Sternbach, C Guilleminault
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent condition affecting persons of all age with an increasing public health burden. It is implicated in cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, neurocognitive impairment, reductions in quality of life, and increased motor vehicle accidents. The goals of OSA treatment are to improve sleep and daytime symptoms, and minimize cardiovascular risks. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is considered the gold standard therapy that delivers pressurized air into the upper airway to relieve obstruction during sleep...
March 13, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270865/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-hypopnoea-syndrome-in-adults-with-down-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Hill
KEY POINTS: Adults with Down syndrome are predisposed to obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS) due to overlap between the Down syndrome phenotype and OSAHS risk factors.The prevalence of OSAHS in adults with Down syndrome is estimated at 35-42%. This is up to ten-times higher than in the general adult population.Symptoms of OSAHS, including behavioural and emotional disturbances as well as standard symptoms such as sleepiness, should be monitored as part of regular health surveillance in adults with Down syndrome...
December 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269230/auto-adjusting-mandibular-repositioning-device-for-in-home-use
#9
R Brugarolas, J M Valero-Sarmiento, A Bozkurt, G K Essick
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a form of respiratory dysfunction that affects 20% of adults in the world. Among the first-line treatments that are used to mitigate the effects of OSA are continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and mandibular repositioning devices (MRD). Although CPAP provides a more efficacious therapy than MRDs, recent studies suggest that both are comparable in overall effectiveness due to greater patient preference and adherence to MRD therapy. In this paper, we present the Auto-Positioner, a novel add-on for MRDs that adjusts the extent to which the mandible (lower jaw) is advanced in response to respiratory signals indicating labored breathing during sleep, and to changes in sleeping position known to affect individual patient's airway patency...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261503/cpap-treatment-partly-normalizes-sleep-spindle-features-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#10
Tiia Saunamäki, Eero Huupponen, Juho Loponen, Sari-Leena Himanen
Objective. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) decreases sleep spindle density and frequency. We evaluated the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on different features of sleep spindles. Methods. Twenty OSA patients underwent two night polysomnographies in a diagnostic phase and one night polysomnography after 6 months of CPAP treatment. The control group comprised 20 healthy controls. Sleep spindles were analyzed by a previously developed automated method. Unilateral and bilateral spindles were identified in central and frontopolar brain locations...
2017: Sleep Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255415/obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-should-be-considered-as-a-cause-of-nocturia-in-younger-patients-without-other-voiding-symptoms
#11
Takahiro Maeda, Koichi Fukunaga, Hirohiko Nagata, Mizuha Haraguchi, Eiji Kikuchi, Akira Miyajima, Wakako Yamasawa, Ryutaro Shirahama, Midori Narita, Tomoko Betsuyaku, Koichiro Asano, Mototsugu Oya
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate urination frequency among patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment. METHODS: We evaluated 138 men with moderate-to-severe OSAS by using polysomnography. Urination status was assessed at baseline and three months using the International Prostate Symptom Score and Overactive Bladder Symptom Score. Nocturia was defined as ≥2 nighttime urinations and patients were classified into Group A (<50 years old with nocturia), Group B (≥50 years old with nocturia), and Group C (patients without nocturia)...
July 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243782/pulmonary-hypertension-and-echocardiogram-parameters-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#12
H T Wong, K H Chee, A W Chong
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a growing health hazard in the United States and worldwide. OSA is now recognized as a disorder with systemic manifestations and its association with obesity and adverse cardiovascular consequences. There is increasing evidence that OSA may be associated with systemic hypertension and an increased incidence of stroke, heart failure, myocardial infarction, and arrhythmias. Less information is available about the association between OSA and pulmonary hypertension (PH). We therefore conduct this study to look at the prevalence of the pulmonary hypertension in obstructive sleep apnea patient and to identify risk factors leading to pulmonary hypertension among OSA patient...
February 27, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238099/phenotyping-based-treatment-improves-obstructive-sleep-apnea-symptoms-and-severity-a-pilot-study
#13
Ludovico Messineo, Roberto Magri, Luciano Corda, Laura Pini, Luigi Taranto-Montemurro, Claudio Tantucci
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea is a common disorder characterized by multiple pathogenetic roots. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is almost always prescribed as the first-line treatment to all patients regardless of the heterogeneous pathophysiology, because it mechanically splints the airways open and reduces the collapsibility of the upper airway. Despite its high efficacy, CPAP is burdened by poor adherence and compliance rates. In this pilot study, we treated OSA patients with composite approaches different than CPAP, tailoring the therapeutic choice on OSA phenotypic traits...
February 25, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230835/sudden-versus-gradual-pressure-wean-from-nasal-cpap-in-preterm-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
S Amatya, M Macomber, A Bhutada, D Rastogi, S Rastogi
OBJECTIVE: In preterm infants, nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) is widely used for treatment of respiratory distress syndrome. However, the strategies for successfully weaning infants off NCPAP are still not well defined and there remains considerable variation between the methods. The objective of this study is to determine whether gradual weaning of NCPAP pressure is more successful than sudden weaning off NCPAP to room air. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in a level 3 neonatal intensive care unit on 70 preterm neonates who were born between 26 and 32 weeks gestation and required NCPAP for at least 48 h...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227462/auto-adjusting-mandibular-repositioning-device-for-in-home-use
#15
R Brugarolas, J M Valero-Sarmiento, A Bozkurt, G K Essick, R Brugarolas, J M Valero-Sarmiento, A Bozkurt, G K Essick, J M Valero-Sarmiento, G K Essick, R Brugarolas, A Bozkurt
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a form of respiratory dysfunction that affects 20% of adults in the world. Among the first-line treatments that are used to mitigate the effects of OSA are continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and mandibular repositioning devices (MRD). Although CPAP provides a more efficacious therapy than MRDs, recent studies suggest that both are comparable in overall effectiveness due to greater patient preference and adherence to MRD therapy. In this paper, we present the Auto-Positioner, a novel add-on for MRDs that adjusts the extent to which the mandible (lower jaw) is advanced in response to respiratory signals indicating labored breathing during sleep, and to changes in sleeping position known to affect individual patient's airway patency...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217508/obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-type-2-diabetes-and-impact-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-on-glycemic-control
#16
Javid Ahmad Malik, Shariq Rashid Masoodi, Sheikh Shoib
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are two interacting epidemics both with high prevalence and morbidity. Both epidemiologic and clinical studies suggest that the majority of patients with T2DM also have OSA and untreated OSA in these patients results in poor glycemic control leading to acceleration of diabetes-related complications. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and severity of OSA in T2DM patients and to assess the impact of OSA treatment on presenting symptoms and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213557/tension-pneumocephalus-induced-by-high-flow-nasal-cannula-ventilation-in-a-neonate
#17
Alicia Iglesias-Deus, Alejandro Pérez-Muñuzuri, Olalla López-Suárez, Pilar Crespo, Maria-Luz Couce
The use of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy as respiratory support for preterm infants has increased rapidly worldwide. The evidence available for the use of HFNC is as an alternative to nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and in particular to prevent postextubation failure. We report a case of tension pneumocephalus in a preterm infant as a complication during HFNC ventilation. Significant neurological impairment was detected and support was eventually withdrawn. Few cases of pneumocephalus as a complication of positive airway pressure have been reported in the neonatal period, and they all have been related to CPAP...
March 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207995/impact-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-during-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy
#18
Carlos Torre, Stanley Yung-Chuan Liu, Clete A Kushida, Vladimir Nekhendzy, Leh-Kiong Huon, Robson Capasso
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of the study was to understand the differential impact of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) on the location, degree, and pattern of airway collapse in Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) patients utilizing Drug Induced Sleep Endoscopy (DISE). STUDY DESIGN: Non-randomized trial. SETTING: University Medical Center. PARTICIPANTS: 15 consecutive OSA patients undergoing DISE. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The patterns of airway collapse were videorecorded at baseline and under differential application of nasal CPAP (nCPAP) at 5,10, and 15 cm H2 O...
February 16, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203337/comparison-of-the-efficacy-of-three-natural-surfactants-curosurf-survanta-and-alveofact-in-the-treatment-of-respiratory-distress-syndrome-among-neonates-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Mirhadi Mussavi, Keyvan Mirnia, Khairollah Asadollahi
BACKGROUND: Although several different types of natural surfactants are available, including Alveofact, Curosurf, and Survanta, the preferred type and the magnitude of their effects are unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to compare the effects of these three surfactants on the gas exchange and clinical outcomes of neonates with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). METHODS: This triple-blind randomized clinical trial studied all preterm neonates ≤ 37 weeks with RDS who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of Taleghani hospital (Tabriz, Iran) between 2012 and 2013...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192893/non-invasive-ventilation-improves-respiratory-distress-in-children-with-acute-viral-bronchiolitis-a-systematic-review
#20
Yann Combret, Guillaume Prieur, Pascal LE Roux, Clément Médrinal
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is a common treatment for bronchiolitis. However, consensus concerning its efficacy is lacking. The aim of this systematic review was to assess NIV effectiveness to reduce respiratory distress. Secondary objectives were to summarize the effects of NIV, identify predictive factors for failure and describe settings and applications. METHODS: Searches were conducted in MEDLINE Pubmed, PEDro, COCHRANE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science, Up-todate and Sudoc from 1990 to April 2015...
February 13, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
keyword
keyword
120115
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"