keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Radiology, imaging, oncology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911674/cross-sectional-imaging-anatomy-and-pathologic-conditions-affecting-thoracic-nerves
#1
Kristopher W Cummings, Sreevathsan Sridhar, Matthew S Parsons, Cylen Javidan-Nejad, Sanjeev Bhalla
While in many cases they are not directly visualized, awareness of the thoracic nerves and their courses at cross-sectional imaging is important for radiologists. An understanding of the normal function of each nerve is important, as many patients present with neurologic signs and symptoms that can be used to reinforce search patterns for disease and detection of supportive radiologic abnormalities. In the case of primary neoplasms, understanding the expected presence of a nerve in the location of a mass can enhance and improve the accuracy of differential diagnoses...
December 2, 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889184/gec-estro-acrop-recommendations-for-head-neck-brachytherapy-in-squamous-cell-carcinomas-1st-update-improvement-by-cross-sectional-imaging-based-treatment-planning-and-stepping-source-technology
#2
György Kovács, Rafael Martinez-Monge, Ashwini Budrukkar, Jose Luis Guinot, Bengt Johansson, Vratislav Strnad, Janusz Skowronek, Angeles Rovirosa, Frank-André Siebert
The Head and Neck Working Group of the GEC-ESTRO (Groupe Européen de Curiethérapie - European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology) published in 2009 the consensus recommendations for low-dose rate, pulsed-dose rate and high-dose rate brachytherapy in head & neck cancers. The use of brachytherapy in combination with external beam radiotherapy and/or surgery was also covered as well as the use of brachytherapy in previously irradiated patients. Given the developments in the field, these recommendations needed to be updated to reflect up-to-date knowledge...
November 23, 2016: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885893/tumor-vessel-relationships-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-at-multidetector-ct-different-classification-systems-and-their-influence-on-treatment-planning
#3
Ahmed M Zaky, Christopher L Wolfgang, Matthew J Weiss, Ammar A Javed, Elliot K Fishman, Atif Zaheer
Treatment of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains a challenge, given its propensity for early systemic spread and growth into the adjacent vital vascular structures. With the advent of newer surgical techniques and chemoradiation therapies, multidetector computed tomography (CT) plays a crucial role in the identification of patients with borderline resectable disease who may benefit from such treatments. Stage III PDAC is divided into two categories-locally advanced, defined by arterial encasement or nonreconstructible portovenous axis involvement; and borderline resectable, defined by limited arterial involvement and/or reconstructible portovenous involvement...
November 25, 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878779/total-estimated-effective-doses-from-radiologic-imaging-modalities-of-children-with-cancer-a-single-center-experience
#4
Derya Özyörük, Suna Emir, Hacı Ahmet Demir, Gülşah Bayram Kabaçam, Bahattin Tunç
BACKGROUND: Recently, awareness of the cumulative radiation exposure for pediatric oncology patients has been increasing, together with increased survival rates and longer life expectancy. The aim of our study was to quantify the amount of ionising radiation from imaging modalities of pediatric oncology patients. METHODS: Eighty-eight patients who were diagnosed with childhood cancer and followed up for 5 years between 2004-2014 in our center were included in the study...
November 23, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815575/the-role-of-interventional-oncology-in-the-management-of-lung-cancer
#5
Ejona Duka, Anna Maria Ierardi, Chiara Floridi, Alberto Terrana, Federico Fontana, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
Interventional radiological procedures for diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer have become increasingly important. Imaging-guided percutaneous biopsy has become the modality of choice for diagnosing lung cancer, and in the era of target therapies, it is an useful tool to define earlier patient-specific tumor phenotypes. In functionally inoperable patients, especially the ablative procedures are potentially curative alternatives to surgery. In addition to thermally ablative treatment, selective chemoembolization by a vascular access allows localized therapy...
November 4, 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804917/a-review-of-raman-spectroscopy-advances-with-an-emphasis-on-clinical-translation-challenges-in-oncology
#6
Michael Jermyn, Joannie Desroches, Kelly Aubertin, Karl St-Arnaud, Wendy-Julie Madore, Etienne De Montigny, Marie-Christine Guiot, Dominique Trudel, Brian C Wilson, Kevin Petrecca, Frederic Leblond
There is an urgent need for improved techniques for disease detection. Optical spectroscopy and imaging technologies have potential for non- or minimally-invasive use in a wide range of clinical applications. The focus here, in vivo Raman spectroscopy (RS), measures inelastic light scattering based on interaction with the vibrational and rotational modes of common molecular bonds in cells and tissue. The Raman 'signature' can be used to assess physiological status and can also be altered by disease. This information can supplement existing diagnostic (e...
November 2, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788586/imaging-biobanks-in-oncology-european-perspective
#7
Emanuele Neri, Daniele Regge
Imaging biobanks as defined by the European Society of Radiology are "organised databases of medical images, and associated imaging biomarkers (radiology and beyond), shared among multiple researchers, linked to other biorepositories". Oncologic imaging biobanks are developed mainly for research purposes. These biobanks may be developed in academic centers, or with the support of industry. The awareness of their importance is gradually increasing in the oncologic community. It is difficult to determine which oncologic domain of research will benefit from the implementation of imaging biobanks...
October 28, 2016: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756360/how-we-read-oncologic-fdg-pet-ct
#8
REVIEW
Michael S Hofman, Rodney J Hicks
(18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT is a pivotal imaging modality for cancer imaging, assisting diagnosis, staging of patients with newly diagnosed malignancy, restaging following therapy and surveillance. Interpretation requires integration of the metabolic and anatomic findings provided by the PET and CT components which transcend the knowledge base isolated in the worlds of nuclear medicine and radiology, respectively. In the manuscript we detail our approach to reviewing and reporting a PET/CT study using the most commonly used radiotracer, FDG...
October 18, 2016: Cancer Imaging: the Official Publication of the International Cancer Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692588/use-of-a-machine-learning-method-for-predicting-highly-cited-articles-within-general-radiology-journals
#9
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Ankur M Doshi, Luke A Ginocchio, Yindalon Aphinyanaphongs
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the performance of a text classification machine-learning model in predicting highly cited articles within the recent radiological literature and to identify the model's most influential article features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We downloaded from PubMed the title, abstract, and medical subject heading terms for 10,065 articles published in 25 general radiology journals in 2012 and 2013. Three machine-learning models were applied to predict the top 10% of included articles in terms of the number of citations to the article in 2014 (reflecting the 2-year time window in conventional impact factor calculations)...
December 2016: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667293/-close-follow-up-of-oncologic-patients-with-imaging-advantage-or-disadvantage
#10
Dániel Deme, András Telekes
The International Commission on Radiological Protection estimates, that 100 mSv exposure of radiation increases cancer risk by 0.5%. The central hypothesis of the Linear No Threshold model is that low dose ionizing radiation can induce carcinogenesis through the so called "one hit action", that is one or more deoxyribonucleic acid strands can be broken by the hit of only one electron particule. Regardless of the radiation dose, radiation exposure increases cancer risk. In the United States of America, one-third of computed tomographic scans are carried with no clear clinical indication, i...
September 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645692/metabolic-tumor-volume-predicts-overall-survival-and-local-control-in-patients-with-stage-iii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-treated-in-acrin-6668-rtog-0235
#11
Jose G Bazan, Fenghai Duan, Bradley S Snyder, Dunstan Horng, Edward E Graves, Barry A Siegel, Mitchell Machtay, Billy W Loo
PURPOSE: To determine whether higher pre-treatment metabolic tumor volume (tMTV-pre) is associated with worse overall survival (OS) in patients with inoperable NSCLC treated with definitive chemoradiation (CRT). METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of the American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ACRIN) 6668/Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 0235 trial. Pre-treatment PET scans were performed on ACRIN-qualified scanners. Computer-aided MTV measurement was performed using RT_Image...
September 19, 2016: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643717/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-hodgkin-lymphoma-favorable-prognosis-stage-i-and-ii
#12
Sughosh Dhakal, Ranjana Advani, Leslie K Ballas, Bouthaina S Dabaja, Christopher R Flowers, Chul S Ha, Bradford S Hoppe, Nancy P Mendenhall, Monika L Metzger, John P Plastaras, Kenneth B Roberts, Ronald Shapiro, Sonali M Smith, Stephanie A Terezakis, Karen M Winkfield, Anas Younes, Louis S Constine
This topic addresses the treatment of newly diagnosed patients with favorable prognosis stage I and II Hodgkin lymphoma. In most cases, combined modality therapy (chemotherapy followed by involved site radiation therapy) constitutes the current standard of care. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios...
December 2016: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643445/managing-incidental-lung-nodules-in-patients-with-a-history-of-oncologic-disease-a-survey-of-thoracic-radiologists
#13
Mariaelena Occhipinti, Benedikt H Heidinger, Christina Pfannenberg, Reginald F Munden, Ronald L Eisenberg, Alexander A Bankier
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the impact that a clinical history of an oncologic disease may have on the management decisions for incidentally detected lung nodules on chest computed tomographic (CT) examinations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic survey was sent to all 796 members of the Society of Thoracic Radiology regarding criteria for the management of incidentally detected lung nodules in oncologic patients, as well as recommendations for nodule follow-up...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625903/granuloma-mimicking-local-recurrence-on-pet-ct-after-liver-resection-of-colorectal-liver-metastasis-a-case-report
#14
Eirini V Pantiora, Elissaios A Kontis, Vasiliki Michalaki, Elias Primetis, Antonios Vezakis, Andreas Polydorou, Georgios P Fragulidis
Positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT) improves the diagnostic interpretation of fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG ) PET and CT in oncologic patients and has an impact on both diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of patient management. However, false positive findings from the PET/CT imaging should be taken into consideration as they mislead physicians into improper therapeutic actions. We present a 48-year-old female patient with a history of left colectomy for colorectal cancer and subsequent liver metastasectomy...
2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620502/oncological-results-of-extended-resection-for-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-the-value-of-the-post-irradiation-mri-in-predicting-local-recurrence
#15
Minna Räsänen, Ari Ristimäki, Ritja Savolainen, Laura Renkonen-Sinisalo, Anna Lepistö
AIM: The primary purpose of this study was to analyse the overall survival and local recurrence rate after extended resection of locally advanced rectal cancer. The second aim was to determine the ability of radiological irradiation response to predict R0 resection. METHOD: A retrospective study was performed of 94 consecutive patients with locally advanced rectal cancer operated on at the Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland during 2005-2013. Data were collected from patient records...
September 13, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606294/gynecological-cancers-a-summary-of-published-indian-data
#16
REVIEW
Amita Maheshwari, Neha Kumar, Umesh Mahantshetty
Gynecological cancers are among the most common cancers in women and hence an important public health issue. Due to the lack of cancer awareness, variable pathology, and dearth of proper screening facilities in developing countries such as India, most women report at advanced stages, adversely affecting the prognosis and clinical outcomes. Ovarian cancer has emerged as one of the most common malignancies affecting women in India and has shown an increase in the incidence rates over the years. Although cervical cancer is on a declining trend, it remains the second most common cancer in women after breast cancer...
July 2016: South Asian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596035/american-college-of-radiology-acr-radiation-oncology-practice-accreditation-a-pattern-of-change
#17
Shannon E Fogh, Christopher H Pope, Seth A Rosenthal, Patrick D Conway, Peter R Hulick, Jennifer L Johnson, Tariq A Mian, Indra J Das, Ann Lazar, Nikhil G Thaker, Brian T Monzon
PURPOSE: The American College of Radiology (ACR) Radiation Oncology Practice Accreditation (ROPA) program has accredited more than 600 sites since 2006, including practices within academic, hospital-based, and freestanding settings. The purpose of this report is to evaluate and compare patterns of change in common deficiencies over time. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The ACR database was queried to analyze the common deficiencies noted by the ACR ROPA program between 2012 and 2014...
September 2016: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591931/eau-estro-siog-guidelines-on-prostate-cancer-part-ii-treatment-of-relapsing-metastatic-and-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#18
Philip Cornford, Joaquim Bellmunt, Michel Bolla, Erik Briers, Maria De Santis, Tobias Gross, Ann M Henry, Steven Joniau, Thomas B Lam, Malcolm D Mason, Henk G van der Poel, Theo H van der Kwast, Olivier Rouvière, Thomas Wiegel, Nicolas Mottet
OBJECTIVE: To present a summary of the 2016 version of the European Association of Urology (EAU) - European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ESTRO) - International Society of Geriatric Oncology (SIOG) Guidelines on the treatment of relapsing, metastatic, and castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The working panel performed a literature review of the new data (2013-2015). The guidelines were updated, and the levels of evidence and/or grades of recommendation were added based on a systematic review of the literature...
August 31, 2016: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585992/assessing-second-look-tumour-resectability-in-childhood-posterior-fossa-ependymoma-a-centralised-review-panel-and-staging-tool-for-future-studies
#19
Christopher P Millward, Conor Mallucci, Tim Jaspan, Donald Macarthur, Richard Heyward, Tim Cox, Kung Chong, Richard G Grundy
PURPOSE: To improve uniformity in radiological review/reporting and discussion of surgical resection status in the forthcoming SIOP Ependymoma II trial, a central review of imaging and resection status will be carried out prior to treatment stratification. We present a review of surgical decision-making from the UKCCSG/SIOP Ependymoma trial for very young children (<3 years) (Lancet Oncol 8:696-705, 2007) and propose a primary surgical staging system for residual disease that could be used for Ependymoma II...
September 1, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578484/review-at-a-multidisciplinary-tumor-board-impacts-critical-management-decisions-of-pediatric-patients-with-cancer
#20
Arun Thenappan, Ihab Halaweish, Rajen J Mody, Ethan A Smith, James D Geiger, Peter F Ehrlich, Rama Jasty Rao, Raymond Hutchinson, Gregory Yanik, Raja M Rabah, Amer Heider, Tammy Stoll, Erika A Newman
BACKGROUND: Optimal cancer care requires a multidisciplinary approach. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the impact of a multidisciplinary tumor board on the treatment plans of children with solid tumors. PROCEDURES: The records of 158 consecutive patients discussed at a formal multidisciplinary pediatric tumor board between July 2012 and April 2014 were reviewed. Treatment plans were based on clinical practice guidelines and on current Children's Oncology Group protocols...
August 31, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
keyword
keyword
12011
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"