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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899511/safflower-bud-inhibits-rankl-induced-osteoclast-differentiation-and-prevents-bone-loss-in-ovariectomized-mice
#1
Joo-Hee Choi, Seul-Ki Lim, Dong-Il Kim, Min-Jung Park, Young-Kuk Kim, An-Chul Lee, Young-Min Kim, Soo-Jin Yang, Jong-Hwan Park
BACKGROUND: The powder and extract of safflower seeds are known to be effective in the prevention of bone loss in ovariectomized animals. However, the inhibitory effect and molecular mechanisms of safflower bud (SB), the germinated safflower, on bone destruction is unclear. PURPOSE: The present study was designed to investigate the inhibitory effect and molecular mechanism of SB on osteoclastic differentiation and on bone loss in ovarietomized (OVX) mice. METHODS: Osteoclastogenesis was determined by TRAP staining, F-actin ring formation, and bone resorption assay...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877281/effect-of-vegetable-oils-applied-over-acquired-enamel-pellicle-on-initial-erosion
#2
Franciny Querobim Ionta, Catarina Ribeiro Barros de Alencar, Poliana Pacifico Val, Ana Paula Boteon, Maisa Camillo Jordão, Heitor Marques Honório, Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf, Daniela Rios
Objective: The prevalence of dental erosion has been recently increasing, requiring new preventive and therapeutic approaches. Vegetable oils have been studied in preventive dentistry because they come from a natural, edible, low-cost, and worldwide accessible source. This study aimed to evaluate the protective effect of different vegetable oils, applied in two concentrations, on initial enamel erosion. Material and Methods: Initially, the acquired pellicle was formed in situ for 2 hours...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867107/fatty-acid-profile-of-edible-oils-and-fats-consumed-in-india
#3
Charles Dorni, Paras Sharma, Gunendra Saikia, T Longvah
A total 320 samples of edible oils and fats (Oils-236; Vanaspati- 45; Ghee-39) were sampled from 107 sampling sites in India and were evaluated for their fatty acid profile. This is the first comprehensive report on fatty acids profile of fats & oil commonly consumed in India. Every variety of edible oil showed its own unique fatty acid profile with significant variation within each individual fatty acid. Pure safflower oil exhibited the highest total TPUFA (76.78%) while the highest TSFA was noticed for coconut oil (90...
January 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861095/overexpression-of-ctchs1-increases-accumulation-of-quinochalcone-in-safflower
#4
Dandan Guo, Yingru Xue, Dongqiao Li, Beixuan He, Xinlei Jia, Xin Dong, Meili Guo
Carthami flos, the dried petal of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) has been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, in which quinochalcone glucosides such as hydrosafflower yellow A (HSYA), carthamin are uniquely present and have been identified as active compounds. In the present study, through sequencing of a safflower floret cDNA library and subsequent microarray analysis, we found 23 unigenes (5 PALs, 1 C4Hs, 5 4CLs, 6 CHSs, 2 CHIs, 2 DFRs, 2 FLSs) involved in flavonoid pathway, of which 4 were up-regulated differentially during quinochalcone glucosides accumulation with the floret developing stage...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834040/reliable-and-simple-spectrophotometric-determination-of-sun-protection-factor-a-case-study-using-organic-uv-filter-based-sunscreen-products
#5
Soo In Yang, Shuanghui Liu, Geoffrey J Brooks, Yves Lanctot, James V Gruber
BACKGROUND: Current in vitro SPF screening method for plant oil body (oleosome)-based SPF products possesses significant inconsistency and low reliability in the SPF rating. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the reliability and reproducibility of spectrophotometrically determined sun protection factor (SPF) from oleosome-based SPF products. The secondary objective was the data comparison of the spectrophotometric measurements against in vivo SPF testing to establish a reliable in vitro test method as a screening assay...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822172/-safflower-s-origin-and-changes-of-producing-areas
#6
Chao-Xiang Ren, Yi-Yun Wu, Xiao-Hui Tang, Jing Hu, Jiang Chen, Qing-Hua Wu, Jin Pei
Human's application of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) has a long history, but the origin remains unclear. Safflower was introduced into China for traditional Chinese medicine, and Sichuan was major producing area. However, in recent years, the main producing area is in Xinjiang province, in contrast Sichuan safflower is difficult to find. By reading relevant document literature and the production and marketing information of safflower, and having field investigation in the main producing areas, the origin of safflower and the reasons of producing areas' changes were explored...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810627/carthamin-yellow-inhibits-matrix-degradation-and-inflammation-induced-by-lps-in-the-intervertebral-disc-via-suppression-of-mapk-pathway-activation
#7
Bin Chen, Han-Tao Wang, Bo Yu, Ji-Dong Zhang, Yu Feng
Carthamin yellow (CY), which is a flavonoid compound isolated from safflower, has various pharmacological effects including promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis and alleviating pain. CY is a herb used in Chinese traditional medicines. Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is a common spinal disorder and degeneration of nucleus pulposus (NP) cells and inflammation are significant parts of the pathological cascade. The curative effect of CY on NP cells in association with degeneration and inflammation remains to be elucidated...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783419/effects-of-safflower-injection-on-the-pharmacodynamics-and-pharmacokinetics-of-warfarin-in-rats
#8
Yan Liu, Shuang Liu, Yuan Shi, Mengnan Qin, Zhidan Sun, Gaofeng Liu
1. Safflower injection (SI) is extracted from Chinese herbal medicine safflower which comprises many active components. Warfarin is a common anticoagulant and has exhibited drug interactions with several herbal products. This study aimed to investigate the effects of SI on pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of warfarin in rats. 2. Wistar rats were randomly divided into blank control group, SI group, warfarin control group, and SI+warfarin group, respectively. In SI and SI+warfarin groups, rats were injected with SI (1...
August 7, 2017: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765043/feruloylserotonin-inhibits-hydrogen-peroxide-induced-melanogenesis-and-apoptosis-in-b16f10-and-sk-mel-2-melanoma-cells
#9
Hyejoung Cho, Okjoon Kim, Younghee Lee, Li-Jung Kang, Cam Ngoc Nguyen, Atsushi Ishihara, Hye-Eun Kim
Feruloylserotonin (FS) is a major bioactive component of safflower seeds, with documented strong antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and free radical scavenging activities. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) can strongly induce melanogenesis and cell apoptosis. The present study aimed to investigate the ability of FS in preventing hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced melanogenesis and cell apoptosis. Melanogenesis and apoptotic cell death were induced by transient exposure to H2O2 in B16F10 and SK-Mel-2 melanoma cells...
September 30, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704889/cyclodextrins-increase-phytosterol-and-tocopherol-levels-in-suspension-cultured-cells-obtained-from-mung-beans-and-safflower
#10
Lorena Almagro, Libertad Raquel Tudela, Ana Belén Sabater-Jara, Begoña Miras-Moreno, M A Pedreño
In this work, suspension-cultured cells of mung beans and safflower were used in order to analyze the effect of methyl jasmonate and/or cyclodextrins, on bioactive compound production such as phytosterols and tocopherols. The results indicated that mung bean suspension-cultured cells produced higher amount of total phytosterols and tocopherols. In particular, mung bean suspension-cultured cells produced almost 220-fold higher levels of tocopherols than safflower suspension-cultured cells in the best conditions...
July 13, 2017: Biotechnology Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601672/oxidation-of-3-5-di-c-per-o-acetylglucopyranosyl-phloroacetophenone-in-the-synthesis-of-hydroxysafflor-yellow-a
#11
Toshiyuki Suzuki, Mitsuo Ishida, Toshihiro Kumazawa, Shingo Sato
In the synthesis of the main yellow pigment hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA), that is present in safflower petals, the key compound 4-(S)-2-acetyl-4,6-di-C-(per-O-acetyl-β-D-glucosyl)-3,4-dihydroxy-5-methoxycyclohexa-2,5-dienone (11b) was diastereoselectively synthesized in an overall yield of 18% from di-C-β-D-glucosylphloroacetophenone per-O-acetate (8).
May 13, 2017: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524020/altered-gene-expression-of-epigenetic-modifying-enzymes-in-response-to-dietary-supplementation-with-linseed-oil
#12
Ran Li, Eveline M Ibeagha-Awemu
Recently we showed that 5% linseed oil (LSO) and 5% safflower oil (SFO) supplementation of cow's diets reduced milk fat yield by 30·38 and 32·42% respectively, accompanied by differential expression of genes and regulation by microRNAs (miRNA). This research communication addresses the hypothesis that epigenetic regulation could be involved in the observed milk fat reduction. Thus, this study investigated the gene expression pattern of major epigenetic modifying enzymes in response to dietary supplementation with LSO or SFO...
May 2017: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468657/hsya-alleviates-secondary-neuronal-death-through-attenuating-oxidative-stress-inflammatory-response-and-neural-apoptosis-in-sd-rat-spinal-cord-compression-injury
#13
Jun-Peng Pei, Li-Hong Fan, Kai Nan, Jia Li, Xiao-Qian Dang, Kun-Zheng Wang
BACKGROUND: Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) is a major active component of yellow pigment extracted from safflowers; this compound possesses potent neuroprotective effects both in vitro and in vivo. However, underlying mechanism of HSYA is not fully elucidated. The present study investigated the protective effects of HSYA in rat spinal cord compression injury model and related mechanisms involved. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were divided as Sham, Control, and HSYA groups (n = 30 per group)...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465837/a-moderate-zinc-deficiency-does-not-alter-lipid-and-fatty-acid-composition-in-the-liver-of-weanling-rats-fed-diets-rich-in-cocoa-butter-or-safflower-oil
#14
Edgar Weigand, Jennifer Egenolf
The aim of the study was to examine whether a moderate zinc deficiency alters hepatic lipid composition. Male weanling rats, assigned to five groups (8 animals each), were fed low-carbohydrate high-fat diets supplemented with 7 or 50 mg Zn/kg (LZ or HZ) and 22% cocoa butter (CB) or 22% safflower oil (SF) for four weeks. One group each had free access to the LZ-CB and LZ-SF diets, one group each was restrictedly fed the HZ-CB and HZ-SF diets in matching amounts, and one group had free access to the HZ-SF diet (ad libitum control)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460985/phase-behavior-structure-and-rheology-of-candelilla-wax-fully-hydrogenated-soybean-oil-mixtures-with-and-without-vegetable-oil
#15
N O Ramírez-Gómez, N C Acevedo, J F Toro-Vázquez, J J Ornelas-Paz, E Dibildox-Alvarado, J D Pérez-Martínez
Vegetable oil organogelation is one of the most promising strategies to eliminate trans fatty acids in plastic fats. Organogels prepared with edible wax are stable at refrigerator and room temperature. Some functional properties (i.e., texture) of wax organogels can be improved by adding saturated triacylglycerols. Mixtures of fully hydrogenated soybean oil (FH) and candelilla wax (CW) were studied with and without the addition of high oleic safflower oil (HOSFO). Crystallization and melting behavior, X-ray diffraction, and crystalline microstructure of the mixtures were analyzed...
November 2016: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429184/interactive-effects-of-salicylic-acid-and-nitric-oxide-in-alleviating-zinc-toxicity-of-safflower-carthamus-tinctorius-l
#16
Shahram Namdjoyan, Hossein Kermanian, Ali Abolhasani Soorki, Sedigheh Modarres Tabatabaei, Nazli Elyasi
The purpose of this study was to assess the possible protective role of exogenous salicylic acid (SA), sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a donor of nitric oxide, and their combination on 21-day-old safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) seedlings grown under zinc (Zn) stress. The results revealed that exposure to 500 µM ZnSO4.7H2O for 10 days markedly reduced the root and shoot dry weights in Zn-treated plants, while the application of SA, SNP and specially SA + SNP significantly increased the root and shoot dry weights in seedlings subjected to Zn stress...
August 2017: Ecotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386235/polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-stimulate-de-novo-lipogenesis-and-improve-glucose-homeostasis-during-refeeding-with-high-fat-diet
#17
Raffaella Crescenzo, Arianna Mazzoli, Rosa Cancelliere, Francesca Bianco, Antonia Giacco, Giovanna Liverini, Abdul G Dulloo, Susanna Iossa
Aims: The recovery of body weight after a period of caloric restriction is accompanied by an enhanced efficiency of fat deposition and hyperinsulinemia-which are exacerbated by isocaloric refeeding on a high fat diet rich in saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids (SFA-MUFA), and poor in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), and associated with a blunting of de novo lipogenesis in adipose tissue and liver. As high fat diets rich in PUFA have been shown to limit the excess fat deposition and improve glucose homeostasis, we investigated here the extent to which de novo lipogenesis in liver and adipose tissues (white and brown), as well as hepatic oxidative stress, are influenced by refeeding on diets rich in PUFA...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372231/novel-quantitative-real-time-pcr-approach-to-determine-safflower-carthamus-tinctorius-adulteration-in-saffron-crocus-sativus
#18
Caterina Villa, Joana Costa, M Beatriz P P Oliveira, Isabel Mafra
This work intended to develop DNA-based methods to detect and quantify safflower as an adulterant in saffron. Species-specific PCR and real-time PCR with EvaGreen dye targeting the ITS region of Carthamus tinctorius L. (safflower) were successfully proposed. The assays allowed absolute and relative sensitivities of 2pg of safflower DNA (∼1.4 DNA copies) and 0.1% of safflower in saffron (Crocus sativus L.), respectively. A normalised real-time PCR approach was also proposed in the range of 0.1-20% (w/w) of safflower in saffron, which was successfully validated and applied to commercial saffron samples (stigmas, powders and seasonings)...
August 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342600/temporal-changes-in-milk-fatty-acid-distribution-due-to-feeding-different-levels-of-rolled-safflower-seeds-to-lactating-holstein-cows
#19
Amir Ahmadpour, Hassan Aliarabi, Mohammad Ghelich Khan, Robert A Patton, Rupert M Bruckmaier
The objective of this experiment was to follow the time-course changes of the milk fatty acids (FA) and particularly conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), n-3, and n-6 FA in response to feeding whole rolled safflower seed (SS). Eighteen cows were blocked by milk production, days in milk, and parity, and randomly assigned to 1 of 3 diets by replacing whole cottonseed with SS. The control diet contained no SS (SS0), whereas the other diets contained 3% of dry matter as SS (SS3) or 6% SS (SS6). The study was conducted for 8 wk...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330253/parameters-influencing-agrobacterium-mediated-transformation-system-in-safflower-genotypes-aks-207-and-pkv-pink
#20
Dipti Raghunath Dhumale, Prashant Raghunath Shingote, Mahendra Shankarrao Dudhare, Pravin Vishwanath Jadhav, Prashant Bhaskar Kale
Shoot regeneration in safflower (Carthamus tinctorius 'AKS 207' and 'PKV Pink') genetically transformed using Agrobacterium was used for assessing various constraints to the efficiency of transformation including infection period, virulence induction medium, co-cultivation period, bacterial titre, selection regime, and the natural phenolic compound acetosyringone. Transformation frequency was promising with 8-10-day-old cotyledonary leaf explants. Therefore, explants of that age cultured on Agrobacterium minimal medium (AB) containing 100 µM acetosyringone were infected with Agrobacterium (cell titre 0...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
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