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Barbara J Marriage, Jennifer A Williams, Yong S Choe, Kevin C Maki, Mustafa Vurma, Stephen J DeMichele
With the association between increased carotenoid intake and lower risk of chronic diseases, the absorption of lutein from the diet becomes an important factor in its delivery and physiological action. The primary objective of this study was to gain an understanding of how a new formulation technology (mixture of mono- and diglycerides (MDG)), affected lutein absorption. Subjects (n 24) were randomised in a cross-over, double-blind study to receive a single dose of 6 mg lutein (FloraGLO 20 %) provided as capsules containing either high-oleic safflower (SAF) oil or a MDG oil...
November 20, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
Wu-Xue Cheng, Guang Dong, Ming-Yan Wu, Lan He, Jia-Li Chen
Sichuan safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) is a traditional Chinese medicine for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis. In this paper, taking Sichuan province as an example, based on TM image, digital elevation model (DEM), meteorology, soil and other data, and using remote sensing and GIS technology to extract grassland, elevation, temperature and precipitation, soil and other influencing factors, the spatial distribution of the suitability of safflower was studied, and the field investigation was carried out...
August 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Kathryn E Hopperton, Nicholas C E James, Dana Mohammad, Maha Irfan, Richard P Bazinet
OBJECTIVES: Increases in astrocytes and one of their markers, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) have been reported in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) modulate neuroinflammation in animal models; however, their effect on astrocytes is unclear. METHODS: Fat-1 mice and their wildtype littermates were fed either a fish oil diet or a safflower oil diet deprived of n-3 PUFA. At 12 weeks, mice underwent intracerebroventricular infusion of amyloid-β 1-40...
November 7, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
Kathryn E Hopperton, Marc-Olivier Trépanier, Nicholas C E James, Raphaël Chouinard-Watkins, Richard P Bazinet
BACKGROUND: Neuroinflammation is a recognized hallmark of Alzheimer's disease, along with accumulation of amyloid-β plaques, neurofibrillary tangles and synaptic loss. n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and molecules derived from them, including eicosapentaenoic acid-derived eicosanoids and docosahexaenoic acid-derived docosanoids, are known to have both anti-inflammatory and pro-resolving properties, while human observational data links consumption of these fatty acids to a decreased risk of Alzheimer's disease...
November 3, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Tanye Xu, Lihua Zuo, Zhi Sun, Peile Wang, Lin Zhou, Xiaojing Lv, Qingquan Jia, Xin Liu, Xiaofang Jiang, Zhenfeng Zhu, Jian Kang, Xiaojian Zhang
ShenKang injection is traditional Chinese medicine used to treat chronic renal failure in China. It is a compound preparation that consists of four herbs: Rhubarb, Salvia miltiorrhiza, Safflower and Radix Astragali. We developed an ultra high pressure liquid chromatography coupled with Q Exactive hybrid quadrupole-orbitrap high resolution accurate mass spectrometry tandem mass spectrometry method to analyze its chemical compositions, and a total of 90 compounds were identified from ShenKang injection. Among them, 19 major compounds were unambiguously detected by comparing with reference standards...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
Stephan Bielfeldt, Jürgen Blaak, Rainer Wohlfart, Caroline Manger, Klaus-P Wilhelm
OBJECTIVE: The normal process of skin tissue repair following injury invariably results in visual scarring. It is known that topical treatment with hydrophobic cosmetics high in silicone and mineral oil content can improve the appearance of scars and striae. Given lifestyle preferences of many cosmetic consumers towards so-called natural treatments, the objective of this controlled randomized study was to investigate the efficacy of a plant body oil rich in oleic and linoleic acids (Bio Skin Oil(®) ) for improving the appearance of scars and striae...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
Sang Min Kim, Yong Joo Park, Myoung-Sook Shin, Ha-Ryong Kim, Min Jae Kim, Sang Hun Lee, Seung Pil Yun, Seung-Hwan Kwon
Acacetin (5,7-dihydroxy-4'-methoxyflavone), a flavonoid compound isolated from Flos Chrysanthemi Indici, chrysanthemum, safflower, and Calamintha and Linaria species has been shown to have anti-cancer activity, indicating its potential clinical value in cancer treatment. In this study, we sought to study the potentials of acacetin in preventing human dopaminergic neuronal death via inhibition of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced neuronal cell death in the SH-SY5Y cells. Our results suggest that acacetin was effective in preventing 6-OHDA-induced neuronal cell death through regulation of mitochondrial-mediated cascade apoptotic cell death...
December 1, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Yanqiang Huan, Yongxiong He, Bin Liu, Yutang Li, Lizhou Jia, Chenhui Qu, Bokang Lv, Xingyu Zhang, Hao Peng
CONTEXT: Zhenbao pill containing Nacre, Safflower, Musk and Cornu Bubahas has been proved to have a good therapeutic effect on the repair of spinal cord injury (SCI). However, its complex mechanism of repairing SCI is not yet known. OBJECTIVE: This study attempts to investigate the role of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) in the mechanism of the action of Zhenbao pill, and further explore the relationship between Tregs and HSP27 expression in repair mechanism...
October 18, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Wenqing Li, Jing Yang, Jingbo Cai, Hongyu Wang, Haishan Tian, Jian Huang, Weidong Qiang, Linbo Zhang, Haiyan Li, Xiaokun Li, Chao Jiang
Recombinant human fibroblast growth factor 10 (rhFGF-10) is frequently used to treat patients with skin injuries. It can also promote hair growth. However, the effective application of rhFGF-10 is limited because of its poor stability and transdermal absorption. In this study, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Southern blotting were used to identify transgenic safflowers carrying a gene encoding an oleosin-rhFGF-10 fusion protein. The size and structural integrity of oleosin-rhFGF-10 in oil bodies extracted from transgenic safflower seeds was characterized by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and western blotting...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Shaopu Wang, Katrin Giller, Michael Kreuzer, Susanne E Ulbrich, Ueli Braun, Angela Schwarm
Dietary lipids can suppress methane emission from ruminants, but effects are variable. Especially the role of bacteria, archaea, fungi and protozoa in mediating the lipid effects is unclear. In the present in vitro study, archaea, fungi and protozoa were selectively inhibited by specific agents. This was fully or almost fully successful for fungi and protozoa as well as archaeal activity as determined by the methyl-coenzyme M reductase alpha subunit gene. Five different microbial treatments were generated: rumen fluid being intact (I), without archaea (-A), without fungi (-F), without protozoa (-P) and with bacteria only (-AFP)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
Anthonia O Olatinsu, Jyoti Sihag, Peter J H Jones
Previous studies show that long term variations in dietary fat consumption impact circulating fatty acid ethanolamide (FAE) concentrations, however, few studies have investigated short term effects of dietary fat feeding on FAE levels. The trial's objective was to explore the effect of acute feeding of varying amounts of dietary n-9 and n-3 fatty acids on plasma and organ levels of FAE. Sixty-four rats were assigned to four groups fed meals containing 40% of energy as either safflower oil (control), canola oil (CO), or DHA rich oil (DRO), each consumed as a bolus within a 2-h window...
November 2017: Lipids
Erik J Landry, Sam J Fuchs, Vicki L Bradley, R C Johnson
Understanding cold acclimation and identifying the low molecular weight carbohydrates that support the development of freezing tolerant safflower seedlings will aid in breeding winter-hardy cultivars for temperate cropping systems. Three field selected lines of winter safflower (WSRC01: PI 651878; WSRC02: PI 651879; WSRC03: PI 651880) were cold acclimated for four weeks at 4 °C and compared to seedlings grown for two weeks at 20 °C. The commercial spring-type cultivar, Olé, served as a non-hardy check. Leaf, stem, and root fructose, glucose, sucrose, raffinose, and stachyose concentrations all increased to variable extents across the PI accessions after cold acclimation...
September 2017: Heliyon
Xing-Rong Peng, Xia Wang, Jin-Run Dong, Xu-Jie Qin, Zhong-Rong Li, Han Yang, Lin Zhou, Ming-Hua Qiu
Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) is commercially cultivated for vegetable oil extracted from the seeds. However, during the production process of seed oil, a large amount of the oil cake is thrown away or fermented as fertilizer to improve the homing rate of pigeons. Therefore, to solve the ecological problem and develop its new function, we investigated the chemical constituents of a safflower seed oil cake, and six new hybrid dimers, (±)-carthatins A-F (1-6, respectively), with a phenylpropanoid and a feruloylserotonin fused via a dihydrofuran ring, together with four known compounds, including sinapyl alcohol (7), coniferyl alcohol (8), serotobenine (9), and feruloylserotonin (10), were isolated...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
M E Scherma, G Madzzuduli, R A Silva, M I Garay, G Repossi, M Brunotto, M E Pasqualini
The aim of this work was: to assess the impact of diets enriched in polyunsaturated fatty acids ω-3 and ω-6 families on the lipid profile of cell membrane and their effect on cycle regulation and apoptosis, evaluated by TP53 and Ki-67 expression in 9,10-dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene (DMBA) induced tumor development in submandibular glands (SMG) in murine models. To generate tumorigenic changes, SMG mice in the experimental group were injected with 50μl of 0.5% of DMBA. Both control (no DMBA) and experimental groups of BALB/c mice were fed with: chia oil (ChO), rich in ω-3 fatty acid; corn oil (CO), rich in ω-6/ω-3 fatty acid; and safflower (SO) oil, rich in ω-6fatty acid...
October 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
Long Ma, Li Liu, Yicong Ma, Hua Xie, Xue Yu, Xu Wang, Angran Fan, Dongyu Ge, Yingying Xu, Qian Zhang, Cai Song
Liver cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death. Due to treatments failures from drug resistance and cancer metastasis, discovering more effective treatments is imperative. As an angiogenesis inhibitor extracted from the Chinese herb-Safflower, hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) inhibits the tumor growth in H22-bearing mice. Poorly differentiated hepatoma cells showed the ability to invade and metastasize, which are dependent on the angiogenesis. Accordingly, we hypothesized that HSYA could inhibit the metastasis of liver cancer cells...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Yi-Yun Wu, Cui-Ping Chen, Chao-Xiang Ren, Qing-Hua Wu, Jiang Chen, Jin Pei
The average yield of safflower blooming from 1 to 7 day was recorded and calculated, HPLC was used to detect the percentage composition of HYSA,quercetin,naringenin and kaempferol, and the real-time PCR was used to analyze the expression of chs and chi. The average yield,percentage composition of HYSA and naringenin as well as functional genes' expression presented similar trends. The average yield reached the highest peak at the third day, showing highpositive correlation with the contents of HYSA (r=0.756,P<0...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Li-Li Guan, Qi Cui, Yu-Tong Han, Yun-Yun Wu, Ren-Ge Hu, Tian-Yao Gu, Hai-Yan Li, Xiao-Kun Li
The tocopherol cyclase was one of the key enzymes in plant vitamin E biosynthesis pathway. According to the study of Carthamus tinctorius transcriptome data,the Tocopherol cyclase gene was obtained using RT-PCR techniques and named CtTC . Bioinformatics analysis showed theopen reading frame (ORF)of CtTC was 1 524 bp. The putative protein contained 507 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 62.9 kDa and theoretically isoelectric point was 5.01.Signal peptide analysis showed that it was a non secretory protein, and there was no signal peptide...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Joo-Hee Choi, Seul-Ki Lim, Dong-Il Kim, Min-Jung Park, Young-Kuk Kim, An-Chul Lee, Young-Min Kim, Soo-Jin Yang, Jong-Hwan Park
BACKGROUND: The powder and extract of safflower seeds are known to be effective in the prevention of bone loss in ovariectomized animals. However, the inhibitory effect and molecular mechanisms of safflower bud (SB), the germinated safflower, on bone destruction is unclear. PURPOSE: The present study was designed to investigate the inhibitory effect and molecular mechanism of SB on osteoclastic differentiation and on bone loss in ovarietomized (OVX) mice. METHODS: Osteoclastogenesis was determined by TRAP staining, F-actin ring formation, and bone resorption assay...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Franciny Querobim Ionta, Catarina Ribeiro Barros de Alencar, Poliana Pacifico Val, Ana Paula Boteon, Maisa Camillo Jordão, Heitor Marques Honório, Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf, Daniela Rios
Objective: The prevalence of dental erosion has been recently increasing, requiring new preventive and therapeutic approaches. Vegetable oils have been studied in preventive dentistry because they come from a natural, edible, low-cost, and worldwide accessible source. This study aimed to evaluate the protective effect of different vegetable oils, applied in two concentrations, on initial enamel erosion. Material and Methods: Initially, the acquired pellicle was formed in situ for 2 hours...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
Charles Dorni, Paras Sharma, Gunendra Saikia, T Longvah
A total 320 samples of edible oils and fats (Oils-236; Vanaspati- 45; Ghee-39) were sampled from 107 sampling sites in India and were evaluated for their fatty acid profile. This is the first comprehensive report on fatty acids profile of fats & oil commonly consumed in India. Every variety of edible oil showed its own unique fatty acid profile with significant variation within each individual fatty acid. Pure safflower oil exhibited the highest total TPUFA (76.78%) while the highest TSFA was noticed for coconut oil (90...
January 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
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