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electrical burns

Noor-Ahmad Latifi, Hamid Karimi
BACKGROUND: Many burn patients are needed to be referred to a tertiary burn hospital according to the American Burn Association (ABA) criteria. The purpose of this study was to verify the reasons for referring of the burn patients to the hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For 2 years, we prospectively surveyed the burn patients referred to a tertiary teaching burn hospital. Data for the following variables were collected and analyzed with SPSS software V21.0: causes of burn; age; gender; total body surface area (TBSA) measured at the referring center; TBSA measured at the receiving center; concomitant diseases and traumas; the reason for referral; condition of patients before and during the transportation; transportation time; presence of infection; presence of inhalation injury, electrical injury, and chemical injury; child abuse; insurance coverage; and results and outcomes of patients...
October 12, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Yaw S Obeng, Chukwudi A Okoro, Papa K Amoah, Johnny Dai, Victor H Vartanian
In this paper, we attempt to understand the physico-chemical changes that occur in devices during device "burn-in". We discuss the use of low frequency dielectric spectroscopy to detect, characterize and monitor changes in electrical defects present in the dielectrics of through silicon vias (TSV) for three dimensional (3D) interconnected integrated circuit devices, as the devices are subjected to fluctuating thermal loads. The observed changes in the electrical characteristics of the interconnects were traceable to changes in the chemistry of the isolation dielectric used in the TSV construction...
2016: ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology: JSS
Bolin Chen, Nathaniel T Garland, Jason Geder, Marius Pruessner, Eric Mootz, Allison A Cargill, Anne Leners, Granit Vokshi, Jacob Davis, Wyatt Burns, Michael A Daniele, Joshua M Kogot, Igor L Medintz, Jonathan C Claussen
Micro unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs) need to house propulsion mechanisms that are small in size but sufficiently powerful to deliver on-demand acceleration for tight radius turns, burst-driven docking maneuvers, and low-speed course corrections. Recently, small-scale hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) propulsion mechanisms have shown great promise in delivering pulsatile thrust for such acceleration needs. However, the need for robust, high surface area nanocatalysts that can be manufactured on a large scale for integration into micro UUV reaction chambers is still needed...
October 11, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yaron Haviv, Avraham Zini, Yoni Etzioni, Valeri Klitinich, Alex Dobriyan, Yair Sharav, Rafael Benoliel, Galit Almoznino
OBJECTIVE: To identify patient and pain characteristics associated with negative impacts on daily life among patients with chronic orofacial pain (COFP). STUDY DESIGN: Medical records of 200 COFP patients were analyzed. RESULTS: Diagnostic categories included temporomandibular disorders (85; 42.7%), headaches (47; 23.6%), neuropathic pain (37; 18.5%), trigeminal neuralgia (16; 8.0%), and painful posttraumatic trigeminal neuropathy (PTTN) (14; 7...
August 27, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Fei Chang, Dasheng Cheng, Mingyuan Qian, Wei Lu, Huatao Li, Hongtai Tang, Zhaofan Xia
BACKGROUND As patients with thoracic duct injuries often suffer from severe local soft tissue defects, integrated surgical treatment is needed to achieve damage repair and wound closure. However, thoracic duct chylous fistula is rare in burn patients, although it typically involves severe soft tissue damage in the neck or chest. CASE REPORT A 32-year-old male patient fell after accidentally contacting an electric current (380 V) and knocked over a barrel of sulfuric acid. The sulfuric acid continuously poured onto his left neck and chest, causing combined electrical and sulfuric acid burn injuries to his anterior and posterior torso, and various parts of his limbs (25% of his total body surface area)...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
Ai Leen Koh, Emily Gidcumb, Otto Zhou, Robert Sinclair
In this work, we report the first direct experimental observations of carbon nanotubes (CNT) field emitting in an oxygen environment, using aberration-corrected environmental transmission electron microscopy in combination with an electrical biasing specimen holder under low-dose, field-free imaging conditions. Our studies show that while the CNTs remain stable during high vacuum field emission, they experience abrupt decreases in length, also termed "burn-back", when field-emitting in an oxygen environment at around 30 Pa pressure...
September 15, 2016: Nanoscale
David H Maphisa, Hanneline Smit-Robinson, Les G Underhill, Res Altwegg
Moist high-altitude grasslands in South Africa are renowned for high avifaunal diversity and are priority areas for conservation. Conservation management of these areas conflicts with management for other uses, such as intensive livestock agriculture, which requires annual burning and leads to heavy grazing. Recently the area has become target for water storage schemes and renewable electricity energy projects. There is therefore an urgent need to investigate environmental factors and habitat factors that affect bird species richness in order to optimise management of those areas set aside for conservation...
2016: PloS One
Charles E Wade, Lisa A Baer, Jessica C Cardenas, Lindley E Folkerson, Kisha Nutall-Aurora, Bryan A Cotton, Nena Matijevic, John B Holcomb, James M Cross, Todd Huzar
RATIONAL: There has been increased focus on hemostatic potential and function in the initial assessment of the patient with traumatic injuries, that not been extensively studied in patients with burns. We proposed to determine the hemostatic potential of patients with burns upon admission to the emergency department and contrasted their condition with that of healthy controls and patients with other traumatic injuries. In addition we assessed differences due to thermal versus electrical injury and evaluated the effect of burn size...
September 28, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Guillermo Foncerrada, Karel D Capek, Paul Wurzer, David N Herndon, Ronald P Mlcak, Craig Porter, Oscar E Suman
Electrical burns are a severe form of thermal injury extending deep into tissue. Here, we investigated the effect of electrical burns on metabolic rate, body composition, and aerobic capacity. We prospectively studied a cohort of 24 severely burned children. Twelve patients had a combination of electrical and flame burns and 12 matched controls had only flame burns. Endpoints were cardiopulmonary fitness (maximal oxygen consumption [VO2]), muscle strength (peak torque per body weight), body mass index, lean body mass index, and days of myoglobinemia (≥500 mg/dl)...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
M G Faruque, M U Mollah, T H Siddiquee, S Bari
Ilizarov method is the best weapon for the treatment of the limb length discrepancy, especially in traumatic or congenital shortening of long bones. Post burn bony defect can be corrected by osteosynthesis. Here we treated a 7 years old boy, suffering from 33% electric burn affecting face, trunk, left upper limb & both lower limbs with loss of soft tissue of medial side of right leg along with dead and exposed of some segment (about 14cm) of Left tibia . Initially the patient was managed by plastic surgeons in the form of surgical toileting, wound debridement and wound coverage by split thickness skin graft...
July 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Eloise A Marais, Christine Wiedinmyer
Anthropogenic pollution in Africa is dominated by diffuse and inefficient combustion sources, as electricity access is low and motorcycles and outdated cars proliferate. These sources are missing, out-of-date, or misrepresented in state-of-the-science emission inventories. We address these deficiencies with a detailed inventory of Diffuse and Inefficient Combustion Emissions in Africa (DICE-Africa) for 2006 and 2013. Fuelwood for energy is the largest emission source in DICE-Africa, but grows from 2006 to 2013 at a slower rate than charcoal production and use, and gasoline and diesel for motorcycles, cars, and generators...
October 4, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Tolga Eser, Cemil Kavalci, Cem Aydogan, Afsin Emre Kayipmaz
BACKGROUND: Burn injury is an emergency medical condition that rapidly develops as a result of tissue exposure to electrical, chemical or thermal energy. Therefore, its treatment usually begins at the emergency department. In this study we aimed to perform an epidemiological analysis of burn injuries presenting to the emergency department of a tertiary burn center, and factors affecting the cost of their medical care. METHODS: Patients who presented to Baskent University Ankara Hospital Adult Emergency Department with burn injuries between January 2012 and December 2014 were studied for age, sex, time of admission, type of burn injury, clinical prognosis, mortality rate, percent burn area, and total cost of care...
2016: SpringerPlus
David T Harrington
More than 4 decades after the creation of the Brooke and Parkland formulas, burn practitioners still argue about which formula is the best. So it is no surprise that there is no consensus about how to resuscitate a thermally injured patient with a significant comorbidity such as heart failure or cirrhosis or how to resuscitate a patient after an electrical or inhalation injury or a patient whose resuscitation is complicated by renal failure. All of these scenarios share a common theme in that the standard rule book does not apply...
October 2016: Critical Care Clinics
Alper Kurt, Kamil Yıldırım, Çağlayan Yağmur, Osman Kelahmetoğlu, Ozan Aslan, Murat Gümüş, Ethem Güneren
BACKGROUND: Electrical burns are the third most common cause of burn injuries, after scald and flame burns. In spite of decreasing mortality rates as advancements are made in treatment modalities and medical equipment, significant complications and socioeconomic consequences still accompany electrical burns. Analyzed in the present study were data from patients hospitalized for electrical burns between 2008 and 2012 in the Samsun Training and Research Hospital, the only burn care center in the Black Sea region of Turkey...
May 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Roger Esteban-Vives, Myung S Choi, Matthew T Young, Patrick Over, Jenny Ziembicki, Alain Corcos, Jörg C Gerlach
Partial and deep partial-thickness burn wounds present a difficult diagnosis and prognosis that makes the planning for a conservative treatment versus mesh grafting problematic. A non-invasive treatment strategy avoiding mesh grafting is often chosen by practitioners based on their clinical and empirical evidence. However, a delayed re-epithelialization after conservative treatment may extend the patient's hospitalization period, increase the risk of infection, and lead to poor functional and aesthetic outcome...
November 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Ashok Kumar Sokhal, Krishna Govind Lodha, Manoj Kumari, Rajkumar Paliwal, Sitaram Gothwal
INTRODUCTION: Electrical burns are devastating, posing development of multiple injuries with high morbidity and mortality. Electrical burn management benefits from a multidisciplinary, multispecialty collaborative approach to improve outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To highlight the clinical spectrum of electrical burns in the developing world, including common etiologies, presentation, intervention, associated injuries, and complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted from January 2010 to December 2015 that included 78 patients (75 men and 3 women), who presented with a history of electrical burns...
August 23, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Alesia Sadosky, Vijaya Koduru, E Jay Bienen, Joseph C Cappelleri
BACKGROUND: painDETECT is a screening measure for neuropathic pain. The nine-item version consists of seven sensory items (burning, tingling/prickling, light touching, sudden pain attacks/electric shock-type pain, cold/heat, numbness, and slight pressure), a pain course pattern item, and a pain radiation item. The seven-item version consists only of the sensory items. Total scores of both versions discriminate average pain-severity levels (mild, moderate, and severe), but their ability to discriminate individual item severity has not been evaluated...
2016: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
Amandine Pintat, Étienne Kras
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2016: La Presse Médicale
Vladimir Sukhov, Lyubov Surova, Ekaterina Morozova, Oksana Sherstneva, Vladimir Vodeneev
Local stimulation induces generation and propagation of electrical signals, including the variation potential (VP) and action potential, in plants. Burning-induced VP changes the physiological state of plants; specifically, it inactivates photosynthesis. However, the mechanisms that decrease photosynthesis are poorly understood. We investigated these mechanisms by measuring VP-connected systemic changes in CO2 assimilation, parameters of light reactions of photosynthesis, electrochromic pigment absorbance shifts, and light scattering...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Matthew J Snyder, Lawrence M Gibbs, Tammy J Lindsay
Painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy occurs in approximately 25% of patients with diabetes mellitus who are treated in the office setting and significantly affects quality of life. It typically causes burning pain, paresthesias, and numbness in a stocking-glove pattern that progresses proximally from the feet and hands. Clinicians should carefully consider the patient's goals and functional status and potential adverse effects of medication when choosing a treatment for painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy...
August 1, 2016: American Family Physician
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