Read by QxMD icon Read

Babinski reflex

Junpei Koge, Shintaro Hayashi, Hiroo Yamaguchi, Takahisa Tateishi, Hiroyuki Murai, Jun-Ichi Kira
A 37-old-male with a history of early childhood mental retardation was admitted to our hospital. He experienced recurrent syncopes at 23 years old, and at age 35 gait disturbance and hearing impairment developed gradually and worsened over time. His grandparents were in a consanguineous marriage. He was of short stature and absent of tendon xanthomas. Neurological examinations revealed scanning speech, dysphagia, right sensorineural hearing loss, spasticity in both upper and lower extremities, and spastic gait...
September 28, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Semra Işık, Akın Akakın, Murat Şakir Ekşi, Baran Yılmaz, Tamer Aksoy, Murat Konakçı, Zafer Orkun Toktaş, Türker Kılıç
Foot drop is an inability to dorsiflex the ankle and toe. Primary causes of foot drop are compression or lesion of the 5th lumbar nerve and entrapment of the peroneal nerve at the head of the fibula. Rarely, some central nervous system lesions lead to foot drop. A 16-year-old boy was admitted with blunt head trauma that had happened in an assault. The muscle strength of the bilateral tibialis anterior, bilateral extensor digitorum longus and bilateral extensor digitorum brevis were Medical Research Council grade 1...
July 19, 2016: Pediatric Neurosurgery
Giuseppe Mariniello, Francesca Malacario, Flavia Dones, Rocco Severino, Lorenzo Ugga, Camilla Russo, Andrea Elefante, Francesco Maiuri
Spinal meningiomas usually present with slowly progressive symptoms of cord and root compression, while a sudden clinical onset is very rare. A 35-year-old previously symptom-free woman presented sudden right sciatica and weakness of her right leg following a fall with impact to her left foot. A neurological examination showed paresis of the right quadriceps, tibial and sural muscles, increased bilateral knee and ankle reflexes and positive Babinski sign. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed the presence of a spinal T11 meningioma in the left postero-lateral compartment of the spinal canal; at this level, the spinal cord was displaced to the contralateral side with the conus in the normal position...
October 2016: Neuroradiology Journal
Shiroh Miura, Takuya Morikawa, Ryuta Fujioka, Kengo Kosaka, Kohei Yamada, Gohsuke Hattori, Manabu Motomura, Takayuki Taniwaki, Hiroki Shibata
Spastic paraplegia (SPG) type 28 is an autosomal recessive SPG caused by mutations in the DDHD1 gene. We examined a Japanese 54-years-old male patient with autosomal recessive SPG. His parents were consanguineous. He needed a wheelchair for transfer due to spastic paraplegia. There was a history of operations for bilateral hallux valgus, thoracic ossification of the yellow ligament, bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome, bilateral ankle contracture, and lumbar spinal canal stenosis. He noticed gait disturbance at age 14...
August 2016: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Christoph Stretz, Xianyuan Song, Brendan D Killory, Martin D Ollenschleger, Amre M Nouh
A 75-year-old female with untreated rheumatoid arthritis presented with two weeks of behavioral changes and cognitive decline. A neurologic examination showed severe encephalopathy, brisk reflexes, and bilateral Babinski sign. A contrast-enhanced brain MRI demonstrated right meningeal enhancement and periventricular white matter disease. A computed tomographic angiogram (CTA) of the head and neck was negative for vasculitis. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) demonstrated lymphocytic pleocytosis. The patient's serum rheumatoid factor levels were elevated...
March 2016: Connecticut Medicine
Magdalena Restel, Ałła Graban, Grzegorz Witkowski, Danuta Ryglewicz, Halina Sienkiewicz-Jarosz
INTRODUCTION: Bilateral thalamic strokes are rare manifestations of posterior circulation infarcts. Usually the etiology is cardioembolic or small vessel disease combined with individual anatomical predisposition. The symptoms include a variety of neurological deficits depending on thalamic structure involvement, such as paresthesias or numbness, hemiparesis with increased reflexes and Babinski sign, third cranial nerve palsy, speech and cognition disturbance, memory impairment and stupor...
2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
Franck-Emmanuel Roux
Involved in what is still considered, along with the two world wars of the 20th century, as one of the major conflicts in Europe, George James Guthrie (1785-1856) was the most famous English army surgeon of the Napoleonic wars. After treating the injured throughout the Peninsular Campaign (1808-1814), in 1815 and then in 1842 he published two major books dealing with cranial and brain injuries, among other topics. In these books, we can find, for example, an early description of the plantar reflex further described by Joseph Babinsky, accurate descriptions of the clinical signs of intracranial hypertension, and details of the physiopathology of subdural and epidural haematomas...
2016: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Sayyed A Sohrab, Douglas Gelb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2016: Neurology
Kenji Wakida, Hiroyuki Morita, Takeo Sakurai, Hiroshi Nishida
A 75-year-old woman presented with a 4-month history of repetitive loss of consciousness, dizziness, and ear fullness. Fluid attenuation inversion recovery magnetic resonance imaging showed high-intensity areas in the right occipital lobe, both frontal lobes, and parietal lobes, and the patient was therefore admitted to our department for further examination. Neurologic findings included a positive Barré sign (right upper extremity), impaired tandem gait, and positive left-sided Babinski reflex. The patient was diagnosed with Takayasu's arteritis owing to a difference in blood pressure between the left and right upper extremity, weakened pulse in the left upper extremity, as well as thickened arterial wall, and delayed enhancement on a contrast-enhanced computed tomography image...
2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Salem El-Zuway, Forough Farrokhyar, Edward Kachur
OBJECTIVE Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is the most common cause of spinal cord dysfunction in adults. In spite of this, the impact of the changes in myelopathic signs following cervical decompression surgery and their relationship to functional outcome measures remains unclear. The main goals of our study were to prospectively assess changes in myelopathic signs with a functional outcome scale (the modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association [mJOA] scale) following cervical decompression surgery and to objectively test a proposed new myelopathy scale (MS)...
June 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Kiyoshi Shikino, Masatomi Ikusaka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Alberto R M Martinez, Adriana Moro, Agessandro Abrahao, Ingrid Faber, Conrado R Borges, Thiago J R Rezende, Carlos R Martins, Mariana Moscovich, Renato P Munhoz, Sandra Leistner Segal, Walter O Arruda, Maria Luiza Saraiva-Pereira, Simone Karuta, José Luiz Pedroso, Anelyssa D'Abreu, Laura B Jardim, Íscia Lopes-Cendes, Orlando G Barsottini, Hélio A G Teive, Marcondes C França
Friedreich's ataxia (FDRA) is the most common inherited ataxia worldwide, caused by homozygous GAA expansions in the FXN gene. Patients usually have early onset ataxia, areflexia, Babinski sign, scoliosis and pes cavus, but at least 25 % of cases have atypical phenotypes. Disease begins after the age of 25 in occasional patients (late-onset Friedreich ataxia (LOFA)). Little is known about the frequency and clinical profile of LOFA patients. One hundred six patients with molecular confirmation of FDRA and followed in three Brazilian outpatient centers were enrolled...
January 11, 2016: Cerebellum
Mauricio Leonardo Picado-Baca, José Nicolás Mireles-Cano, Víctor Manuel León-Meza, Oscar Guillermo García-González, Alejandro Ramos-Trujillo
BACKGROUND: Herniated thoracic intervertebral disc is a rare cause of spinal cord compression. Its frequency varies from 0.15% to 1.7% of all disc herniations, and produces symptoms in 0.5% to 0.8%. CLINICAL CASES: Case 1. A 50-year-old woman, with pain and burning sensation in left hemithorax of four months of onset. It was treated as a herpetic syndrome, with no improvement. She was seen after thirteen days of exacerbation of clinical symptoms. The physical examination showed asymmetric paraparesis, lower left pelvic limb 1/5, and right pelvic limb 3/5¸ sensory level T8, with left Babinski positive...
September 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Claudia Alejandra Obil-Chavarría, Carla Lisette García-Ramos, Sergio Alberto Castro-Quiñonez, Raúl Huato-Reyes, Concepción Guadalupe Santillán-Chapa, Alejandro Antonio Reyes-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: Arachnoid cysts are dural diverticula with liquid content similar to cerebrospinal fluid, with 1% occurring in the spinal cord. They locate mainly in the dorsal region of the thoracic spine, and are unusual causes of spinal cord compression. CLINICAL CASE: The case is presented of a previously healthy 15-year-old boy, with a 20-month history of spastic paraparesis that started apparently after epidural block for ankle osteosynthesis. There was decreased sensitivity and strength of the pelvic limbs and gradually presented with anaesthesia from T12 to L4 dermatomes, L5 and S1 bilateral hypoaesthesia and 4+/5 bilateral strength, in the L2 root and 2+/5 in L3, L4, L5, S1, hyperreflexia, Babinski and clonus, but with no alteration in the sacral reflexes...
December 14, 2015: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Audrey Gabelle, Laure-Anne Gutierrez, Jean-François Dartigues, Karen Ritchie, Jacques Touchon, Claudine Berr
BACKGROUND: Sophisticated and expensive biomarkers are proposed for the diagnostic of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The amyloid process seems to be early in AD, and brain amyloid load affects the frontal lobe. OBJECTIVE: To determine if certain simple clinical signs, especially frontal-related signs, could help reach an earlier and better diagnosis. METHODS: In the frame of the 3-City cohort, we conducted a nested case-control study comparing incident cases of AD to controls matched for age, gender, and education...
2015: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Rina Ando, Masahiro Nagai, Hirotaka Iwaki, Hayato Yabe, Noriko Nishikawa, Masahiro Nomoto
We report a patient of 68-year-old woman who developed numbness of feet in 2008. Ataxic gait disturbance, truncal ataxia, muscle weakness of lower limbs have gradually appeared and she couldn't walk without assistance in 2013. Her cognitive function declined subacutely in 2014. When she was admitted to our hospital, it was difficult to fully evaluate her neurological symptoms and cognitive function. The tendon reflex were absent and Babinski reflex showed positive in both sides of the lower limbs. Diffusion weighted image of MRI showed high intensity in cerebrocortical area, and variation P102L prion protein gene mutation was detected...
2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Daisy Torres-Miranda, Farah Al-Saffar, Saif Ibrahim, Stephanie Font-Diaz
This report describes a 64-years-old male patient that presented to our hospital with a chief complaint of acute worsening of his usual chronic lower back pain, progressive weakness in lower extremities and subjective fevers at home. Spine CT failed to demonstrate any infectious foci but showed partially visualized lung cavitary lesion and renal pole abnormalities. Blood cultures grew methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus Aureus (MSSA). Transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) showed no signs of infective endocarditis (IE)...
April 2015: Boletín de la Asociación Médica de Puerto Rico
Chloe Dafkin, Andrew Green, Samantha Kerr, Demetri Veliotes, Benita Olivier, Warrick McKinon
The Babinski reflex is a clinical diagnostic tool; however, the interrater reliability of this tool is currently greatly contested. A comparison between rater groups with objective measurements of the Babinski reflex was therefore conducted. Fifteen recorded Babinski reflexes were assessed by 12 neurologists and 12 medical students as being either pathological or nonpathological. Kinematic and electromyographic variables were collected and used to assess which aspects of the Babinski reflex predict classification...
2016: Journal of Motor Behavior
Zoltán Bajkó, Rodica Bălaşa, Smaranda Maier, Anca Moţăţăianu, Andrada Treabă, Ioan Macarie, Cristina Gârbovan, Carmen Chiriac
INTRODUCTION: Listeria monocytogenes is an important opportunistic pathogen affecting patients with immunosuppression and shows a high tropism for the central nervous system. The clinical manifestations of central nervous system listerial infections are variable and represent a diagnostic challenge. CASE REPORT: The authors report the case of a 59-year-old woman who was admitted for confusion, agitation, and right-lower extremity weakness. The patient was treated for 3 months with fludarabine and 2 months with corticosteroids for chronic lymphocytic leukemia and hemolytic anemia, respectively...
December 2013: Neurology and Therapy
Ricardo de Oliveira-Souza
The causal role played by damage to the pyramidal tracts in the production of spastic hemiplegia in man has been hotly debated over the past hundred years. Two broad streams of thought have emerged from this dispute. The first, which is grounded on the clinicopathological schools of Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) and Paul Flechsig (1847-1929), claimed that the four cardinal signs of hemiplegia, namely (i) paralysis, (ii) spasticity, (iii) hyperactive phasic muscle reflexes ("tendon jerks") and (iv) the sign of Babinski, are caused by injury or dysfunction of the pyramidal tracts...
July 2015: Medical Hypotheses
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"