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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145883/self-reported-actual-and-desired-proportion-of-sitting-standing-walking-and-physically-demanding-tasks-of-office-employees-in-the-workplace-setting-do-they-fit-together
#1
Birgit Wallmann-Sperlich, Josephine Y Chau, Ingo Froboese
OBJECTIVE: Occupational sitting time in white-collar workers represents a prominent contributor to overall daily sitting time, which is associated with various health risks. Workplace interventions intending to reduce sitting time during work typically focus on replacing sitting with standing. The aim was to investigate and compare actual and desired proportions of time spent sitting, standing, walking, and doing physically demanding tasks at work reported by desk-based workers. Cross-sectional data were collected from German desk-based workers (n = 614; 53...
November 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145831/copd-online-rehabilitation-versus-conventional-copd-rehabilitation-rationale-and-design-for-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-study-protocol-core-trial
#2
Henrik Hansen, Theresa Bieler, Nina Beyer, Nina Godtfredsen, Thomas Kallemose, Anne Frølich
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a key treatment in COPD. However, despite the existing evidence and a strong recommendation from lung associations worldwide, 50% of patients with COPD decline to participate in COPD rehabilitation program and 30-50% drop-out before completion. The main reasons are severe symptoms, inflexible accessibility and necessity for transportation. Currently there are no well-established and evident rehabilitation alternatives...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143640/how-is-the-lives-saved-tool-list-used-in-the-global-health-community-results-of-a-mixed-methods-list-user-study
#3
Angela R Stegmuller, Andrew Self, Kate Litvin, Timothy Roberton
BACKGROUND: The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) is a computer-based model that estimates the impact of scaling up key interventions to improve maternal, newborn and child health. Initially developed to inform the Lancet Child Survival Series of 2003, the functionality and scope of LiST have been expanded greatly over the past 10 years. This study sought to "take stock" of how LiST is now being used and for what purposes. METHODS: We conducted a quantitative survey of LiST users, qualitative interviews with a smaller sample of LiST users and members of the LiST team at Johns Hopkins University, and a literature review of studies involving LiST analyses...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135600/balance-and-functional-outcomes-for-older-community-dwelling-adults-who-practice-tai-chi-and-those-who-do-not-a-comparative-study
#4
Deborah Bubela, Laddie Sacharko, Judy Chan, Maegen Brady
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A growing body of literature substantiates that Tai Chi is a form of exercise that may help older adults increase strength, improve balance, lower fall rates, and experience less fear of falling. Few studies, however, offer controlled experimental design and simultaneously investigate multiple factors known to contribute to fall risk. The purpose of this study was to compare performance on measures relating to fall risk (strength, balance, functional mobility, and fear of falling) in older community-dwelling adults who participated in a community-based Tai Chi program with a control group of their peers who had no Tai Chi training over the same time period...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133878/past-emergent-phase-of-shatsky-rise-deep-marine-igneous-plateau
#5
Moriaki Yasuhara, Atsushi Ando, Yasuhiro Iba
The Cretaceous Period stands out in Earth's geologic history by ubiquitous and sustained massive eruption of lava, forming several enormous igneous plateaus in the ocean basins worldwide. It has been proposed that the subaerial phases of Cretaceous oceanic plateau formation spurred the global environmental deterioration, yet this view is supported by patchy fossil and/or rock evidence for uplifting of the plateau summits above the sea level. Reported here is by far the most comprehensive case of Cretaceous plateau emergence at northern Shatsky Rise, Northwest Pacific, based on the integration of unique micropalaeontological and seismic evidence...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132250/the-influence-of-pilates-exercises-on-body-balance-in-the-standing-position-of-hearing-impaired-people
#6
Jagoda Walowska, Bartosz Bolach, Eugeniusz Bolach
PURPOSE: Hearing impairment may affect the body posture maintenance. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of modified Pilates exercise program on the body posture maintenance in hearing impaired people. METHODS: Eighty students (aged 13-24) were enrolled and randomly allocated into two groups: test group (n = 41) which attended an original program based on modified Pilates exercises and control group (n = 39) which attended standard physical education classes...
November 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124699/asthma-and-allergy-epidemic-and-the-role-of-vitamin-d-deficiency
#7
Konstantinos Douros, Barbara Boutopoulou, Sotirios Fouzas, Ioanna Loukou
The increase in asthma and allergies prevalence that has been recorded in many countries during the last decades, and the reemergence of vitamin D (VD) deficiency in many populations worldwide, renders fairly plausible the assumption of an underlying association between these two conditions and justifies the research effort invented in this issue. Indeed, there is growing body of evidence from epidemiological, laboratory, and clinical studies, suggesting that such an association does exist. The hypothesis of low levels of VD leading to compromised fetal programming and impairment of various immune functions involved in asthma and allergic disorders, stands as the most credible explanation of this presumed association...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121165/perf-an-exhaustive-algorithm-for-ultra-fast-and-efficient-identification-of-microsatellites-from-large-dna-sequences
#8
Akshay Kumar Avvaru, Divya Tej Sowpati, Rakesh Kumar Mishra
Motivation: Microsatellites or Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs) are short tandem repeats of DNA motifs present in all genomes. They have long been used for a variety of purposes in the areas of population genetics, genotyping, marker-assisted selection, and forensics. Numerous studies have highlighted their functional roles in genome organization and gene regulation. Though several tools are currently available to identify SSRs from genomic sequences, they have significant limitations. Results: We present a novel algorithm called PERF for extremely fast and comprehensive identification of microsatellites from DNA sequences of any size...
November 7, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115816/reversible-self-assembly-of-3d-architectures-actuated-by-responsive-polymers
#9
Cheng Zhang, Jheng-Wun Su, Heng Deng, Yunchao Xie, Zheng Yan, Jian Lin
Assembly of three-dimensional (3D) architectures with defined configurations has important applications in broad areas. Among various approaches of constructing 3D structures, stress-driven assembly provides the capabilities of creating 3D architectures in a broad range of functional materials with unique merits. However, 3D architectures built via previous methods are either simple, irreversible or not free-standing. Furthermore, the substrates employed for the assembly remain flat, thus not involved as parts of the final 3D architectures...
November 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113572/effects-of-an-individual-12-week-community-located-start-to-run-program-on-physical-capacity-walking-fatigue-cognitive-function-brain-volumes-and-structures-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Peter Feys, Lousin Moumdjian, Florian Van Halewyck, Inez Wens, Bert O Eijnde, Bart Van Wijmeersch, Veronica Popescu, Paul Van Asch
BACKGROUND: Exercise therapy studies in persons with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) primarily focused on motor outcomes in mid disease stage, while cognitive function and neural correlates were only limitedly addressed. OBJECTIVES: This pragmatic randomized controlled study investigated the effects of a remotely supervised community-located "start-to-run" program on physical and cognitive function, fatigue, quality of life, brain volume, and connectivity. METHOD: In all, 42 pwMS were randomized to either experimental (EXP) or waiting list control (WLC) group...
November 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105516/does-a-cycling-program-combined-with-education-and-followed-by-coaching-promote-physical-activity-in-subacute-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Christel Vanroy, Yves Vanlandewijck, Patrick Cras, Steven Truijen, Dirk Vissers, Anke Swinnen, Matthieu Bosmans, Kristien Wouters, Hilde Feys
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of a three month active cycling program followed by coaching on physical activity in subacute stroke patients. METHODS: Patients (n = 59; mean age =65.4 ± 10.3) aged ≤80 years with first stroke and able to cycle at 50 revolutions/minute enrolled 3-10 weeks post stroke. Patients were randomly allocated to three month active cycling group (n = 33) or to a control group (n = 26), 3 x 30 minutes training/week...
November 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101091/recruiting-women-to-a-mobile-health-smoking-cessation-trial-low-and-no-cost-strategies
#12
Kristopher J Abbate, Melanie D Hingle, Julie Armin, Peter Giacobbi, Judith S Gordon
BACKGROUND: Successful recruitment of participants to mobile health (mHealth) studies presents unique challenges over in-person studies. It is important to identify recruitment strategies that maximize the limited recruitment resources available to researchers. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe a case study of a unique recruitment process used in a recent mHealth software app designed to increase smoking cessation among weight-concerned women smokers...
November 3, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097397/moving-speciation-genetics-forward-modern-techniques-build-on-foundational-studies-in-drosophila
#13
Dean M Castillo, Daniel A Barbash
The question of how new species evolve has been examined at every level, from macroevolutionary patterns of diversification to molecular population genetic analyses of specific genomic regions between species pairs. Drosophila has been at the center of many of these research efforts. Though our understanding of the speciation process has grown considerably over the past few decades, very few genes have been identified that contribute to barriers to reproduction. The development of advanced molecular genetic and genomic methods provides promising avenues for the rapid discovery of more genes that contribute to speciation, particularly those involving prezygotic isolation...
November 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097355/a-clinical-reasoning-tool-for-virtual-patients-design-based-research-study
#14
Inga Hege, Andrzej A Kononowicz, Martin Adler
BACKGROUND: Clinical reasoning is a fundamental process medical students have to learn during and after medical school. Virtual patients (VP) are a technology-enhanced learning method to teach clinical reasoning. However, VP systems do not exploit their full potential concerning the clinical reasoning process; for example, most systems focus on the outcome and less on the process of clinical reasoning. OBJECTIVES: Keeping our concept grounded in a former qualitative study, we aimed to design and implement a tool to enhance VPs with activities and feedback, which specifically foster the acquisition of clinical reasoning skills...
November 2, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094039/host-directed-therapeutic-strategies-for-tuberculosis
#15
REVIEW
Afsal Kolloli, Selvakumar Subbian
Tuberculosis (TB), caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in humans worldwide. Currently, the standard treatment for TB involves multiple antibiotics administered for at least 6 months. Although multiple antibiotics therapy is necessary to prevent the development of drug resistance, the prolonged duration of treatment, combined with toxicity of drugs, contributes to patient non-compliance that can leads to the development of drug-resistant Mtb (MDR and XDR) strains...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092884/breastfeeding-and-motor-development-in-term-and-preterm-infants-in-a-longitudinal-us-cohort
#16
Kara A Michels, Akhgar Ghassabian, Sunni L Mumford, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Erin M Bell, Scott C Bello, Edwina H Yeung
Background: The relation between breastfeeding and early motor development is difficult to characterize because of the problems in existing studies such as incomplete control for confounding, retrospective assessment of infant feeding, and even the assessment of some motor skills too early.Objective: We sought to estimate associations between infant feeding and time to achieve major motor milestones in a US cohort.Design: The Upstate New York Infant Development Screening Program (Upstate KIDS Study) enrolled mothers who delivered live births in New York (2008-2010)...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091150/maintenance-of-exercise-training-benefits-is-associated-with-adequate-milk-and-dairy-products-intake-in-elderly-hypertensive-subjects-following-detraining
#17
Wilson Max Almeida Monteiro de Moraes, Neucilane Silveira Dos Santos, Larissa Pereira Aguiar, Luís Gustavo Oliveira de Sousa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether maintenance of exercise training benefits is associated with adequate milk and dairy products intake in hypertensive elderly subjects after detraining. METHODS: Twenty-eight elderly hypertensive patients with optimal clinical treatment underwent 16 weeks of multicomponent exercise training program followed by 6 weeks of detraining, and were classified according to milk and dairy products intake as low milk (<3 servings) and high milk (≥3 servings) groups...
July 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089015/a-response-to-proposed-budget-cuts-affecting-children-s-mental-health-protecting-policies-and-programs-that-promote-collective-efficacy
#18
Kimberly Eaton Hoagwood, Marc Atkins, Sarah Horwitz, Krista Kutash, S Serene Olin, Barbara Burns, Robin Peth-Pierce, Anne Kuppinger, Geraldine Burton, Priscilla Shorter, Kelly J Kelleher
Children stand to lose if the federal government follows through on threats to cut funding for critical safety-net programs that have long supported families and communities. Although cuts directly targeting children's mental health are a great concern, cuts to policies that support health, housing, education, and family income are equally disturbing. These less publicized proposed cuts affect children indirectly, but they have direct effects on their families and communities. The importance of these services is supported by an extensive body of social learning research that promotes collective efficacy-neighbors positively influencing each other-shown to have positive long-term effects on children's development and adult outcomes...
November 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083114/wise-program-analysis-evaluating-the-first-15%C3%A2-months-of-progress-in-a-novel-treatment-diversion-program-for-women
#19
Kelly L Coffman, Swati Shivale, Glenn Egan, Victoria Roberts, Peter Ash
Like other counties across the nation, Fulton County, GA, has seen a significant increase in the number of arrests of people with serious mental illness. While Fulton County has accountability courts, some defendants with mental illness are not able to take advantage of these options due to their mental illness rendering them incompetent to understand the expectations required by these courts. The WISE (Women's Initiative for Success with Early Intervention) pilot project created a pathway for incompetent women to be diverted out of jail and into mental health treatment that was faster than the traditional evaluation for competency to stand trial pathway...
October 30, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080932/treatment-of-drug-resistant-fibromyalgia-symptoms-using-high-intensity-laser-therapy-a-case-based-review
#20
REVIEW
Paul F White, Jason Zafereo, Ofelia Loani Elvir-Lazo, Hector Hernandez
Fibromyalgia is a chronic musculoskeletal condition characterized by widespread pain in the body and is associated with tender points at the shoulder, back and hip regions. A wide variety of pharmacologic drugs and dietary supplements have been used with limited success in treating the musculoskeletal pain. Early clinical studies with low level laser therapy (LLLT) alone or in combination with drugs commonly used to treat fibromyalgia suggested that LLLT may be effective in reducing musculoskeletal pain and stiffness, as well as the number of tender locations...
October 28, 2017: Rheumatology International
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