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Caspase 11

Mostafa M Ghorab, Mansour S Alsaid, Ghada H Al-Ansary, Ghada A Abdel-Latif, Dalal A Abou El Ella
Twenty novel chromene derivatives carrying different sulfonamide moieties (3-22) were designed and synthesized. All the newly prepared compounds were evaluated for their in vitro anticancer activity against breast cancer cell line (T47D). Most of the synthesized compounds showed good to moderate activity (IC50 = 8.8-108.9 μM), where compound 16 (IC50 = 8.8 μM) exhibited higher activity compared to doxorubicin (IC50 = 9.8 μM). In order to determine the mechanism of the anticancer activity in T47D cells, the effect of the most potent compounds (5-8, 11-14, and 16-18) on the aromatase activity was tested...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Elizabeth Thomas, Vidya Gopalakrishnan, Mahesh Hegde, Sujeet Kumar, Subhas S Karki, Sathees C Raghavan, Bibha Choudhary
Resveratrol is one of the most widely studied bioactive plant polyphenols which possesses anticancer properties. Previously we have reported synthesis, characterization and identification of a novel resveratrol analog, SS28. In the present study, we show that SS28 induced cytotoxicity in several cancer cell lines ex vivo with an IC50 value of 3-5 μM. Mechanistic evaluation of effect of SS28 in non-small cell lung cancer cell line (A549) and T-cell leukemic cell line (CEM) showed that it inhibited Tubulin polymerization during cell division to cause cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase of the cell cycle at 12-18 h time period...
October 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
Sedat Doğan, Hasmet Yazici, Esin Yalçinkaya, Halil Ibrahim Erdoğdu, Sibel Alicura Tokgöz, Furkan Sarici, Mehmet Namuslu, Yasin Sarikaya
Cisplatin is an effective chemotherapeutic agent in the treatment of several types of malignant solid tumors but its clinical use is associated with ototoxicity. In the present study, we investigated the effect of selenium administration on lipid peroxidation (malondialdehyde [MDA]) and cisplatin-induced ototoxicity in rats. Healthy wistar albino rats (n = 21) were randomly divided into 3 groups: control (C), cisplatin (Cis), cisplatin and selenium (Cis+Se). Cisplatin was administered for 3 days to Cis and Cis+Se groups...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Jia Lin, Yanyan Zhang, Hongge Wang, Jiang Chang, Lixuan Wei, Lei Cao, Zhi Zhang, Xuemei Zhang
Caspase-3 (CASP3) plays a central role in executing cell apoptosis and thus in carcinogenesis. We previously investigated the relationship between functional polymorphisms in CAPS3 829 A>C and 20541 C>T and risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. However little is known about the role of CASP3 variants in susceptibility to lung cancer. To figure out the contribution of CASP3 polymorphisms to lung cancer risk, genotypes of 1000 lung cancer patients and 1000 controls were conducted by RFLP-PCR (restriction fragment length polymorphism PCR)...
2016: PloS One
E Budisova Svandova, B Vesela, H Lesot, A Poliard, E Matalova
Elimination of the interdigital web is considered to be the classical model for assessing apoptosis. So far, most of the molecules described in the process have been connected to the intrinsic (mitochondrial) pathway. The extrinsic (receptor mediated) apoptotic pathway has been rather neglected, although it is important in development, immunomodulation and cancer therapy. This work aimed to investigate factors of the extrinsic apoptotic machinery during interdigital regression with a focus on three crucial initiators: Fas, Fas ligand and caspase-8...
October 5, 2016: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
Brooke A Napier, Sky W Brubaker, Timothy E Sweeney, Patrick Monette, Greggory H Rothmeier, Nina A Gertsvolf, Andreas Puschnik, Jan E Carette, Purvesh Khatri, Denise M Monack
Cell death and release of proinflammatory mediators contribute to mortality during sepsis. Specifically, caspase-11-dependent cell death contributes to pathology and decreases in survival time in sepsis models. Priming of the host cell, through TLR4 and interferon receptors, induces caspase-11 expression, and cytosolic LPS directly stimulates caspase-11 activation, promoting the release of proinflammatory cytokines through pyroptosis and caspase-1 activation. Using a CRISPR-Cas9-mediated genome-wide screen, we identified novel mediators of caspase-11-dependent cell death...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Experimental Medicine
B Weber, C Schlapbach, M Stuck, H-U Simon, L Borradori, H Beltraminelli, D Simon
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous (CLP) and oral lichen planus (OLP) as the main subtypes of lichen planus (LP) present with different clinical manifestation and disease course, although their histopathologic features such as the band-like lymphocyte infiltrate and keratinocyte apoptosis are similar. So far, the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize and compare the in situ cellular infiltrates, cytokine expression profiles and apoptosis markers in CLP and OLP...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Si Ming Man, Rajendra Karki, Miwa Sasai, David E Place, Sannula Kesavardhana, Jamshid Temirov, Sharon Frase, Qifan Zhu, R K Subbarao Malireddi, Teneema Kuriakose, Jennifer L Peters, Geoffrey Neale, Scott A Brown, Masahiro Yamamoto, Thirumala-Devi Kanneganti
The inflammasome is an intracellular signaling complex, which on recognition of pathogens and physiological aberration, drives activation of caspase-1, pyroptosis, and the release of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-18. Bacterial ligands must secure entry into the cytoplasm to activate inflammasomes; however, the mechanisms by which concealed ligands are liberated in the cytoplasm have remained unclear. Here, we showed that the interferon-inducible protein IRGB10 is essential for activation of the DNA-sensing AIM2 inflammasome by Francisella novicida and contributed to the activation of the LPS-sensing caspase-11 and NLRP3 inflammasome by Gram-negative bacteria...
October 6, 2016: Cell
Deepshikha Mishra, Sunita Singh, Gopeshwar Narayan
Curcumin, a polyphenolic compound isolated from the rhizomes of an herbaceous perennial plant, Curcuma longa, is known to possess anticancerous activity. However, the mechanism of apoptosis induction in cancers differs. In this study, we have (1) investigated the anticancerous activity of curcumin on REH and RS4;11 leukemia cells and (2) studied the chemo-sensitizing potential of curcumin for doxorubicin, a drug presently used for leukemia treatment. It was found that curcumin induced a dose dependent decrease in cell viability because of apoptosis induction as visualized by annexin V-FITC/ PI staining...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
M A Pallett, V F Crepin, N Serafini, M Habibzay, O Kotik, J Sanchez-Garrido, J P Di Santo, A R Shenoy, C N Berger, G Frankel
The human pathogen enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC), as well as the mouse pathogen Citrobacter rodentium, colonize the gut mucosa via attaching and effacing lesion formation and cause diarrheal diseases. EPEC and C. rodentium type III secretion system (T3SS) effectors repress innate immune responses and infiltration of immune cells. Inflammatory caspases such as caspase-1 and caspase-4/11 are crucial mediators of host defense and inflammation in the gut via their ability to process cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18...
September 14, 2016: Mucosal Immunology
I Tica Sedlar, J Petricevic, M Saraga-Babic, I Pintaric, K Vukojevic
AIM: Programmed cell death is essential both during normal organ development and carcinogenesis. In this study we immunohistochemically analyzed different pathways of cell death in 11 human conceptuses 5th-10th-weeks old, 10 low and high grade colorectal carcinomas (CRC), and 10 normal colon samples by using markers for apoptosis (caspase-3, AIF, TUNEL), proliferation (Ki-67) and stemness (Oct-4). RESULTS: Between the 5th and 10th week of development, caspase-3 and AIF showed moderate-to-strong expression in the developing gut wall...
September 6, 2016: Acta Histochemica
Hong-Phuc Cudré-Cung, Petra Zavadakova, Sónia do Vale-Pereira, Noémie Remacle, Hugues Henry, Julijana Ivanisevic, Denise Tavel, Olivier Braissant, Diana Ballhausen
Using 3D organotypic rat brain cell cultures in aggregates we recently identified 2-methylcitrate (2-MCA) as the main toxic metabolite for developing brain cells in methylmalonic aciduria. Exposure to 2-MCA triggered morphological changes and apoptosis of brain cells. This was accompanied by increased ammonium and decreased glutamine levels. However, the sequence and causal relationship between these phenomena remained unclear. To understand the sequence and time course of pathogenic events, we exposed 3D rat brain cell aggregates to different concentrations of 2-MCA (0...
September 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
Xin Chen, Wan-Ting He, Lichen Hu, Jingxian Li, Yuan Fang, Xin Wang, Xiaozheng Xu, Zhuo Wang, Kai Huang, Jiahuai Han
Necroptosis and pyroptosis are two forms of programmed cell death with a common feature of plasma membrane rupture. Here we studied the morphology and mechanism of pyroptosis in comparison with necroptosis. Different from necroptosis, pyroptosis undergoes membrane blebbing and produces apoptotic body-like cell protrusions (termed pyroptotic bodies) prior to plasma membrane rupture. The rupture in necroptosis is explosion-like, whereas in pyroptosis it leads to flattening of cells. It is known that the execution of necroptosis is mediated by mixed lineage kinase domain-like (MLKL) oligomers in the plasma membrane, whereas gasdermin-D (GSDMD) mediates pyroptosis after its cleavage by caspase-1 or caspase-11...
September 2016: Cell Research
Kwanta Thansa, Patchari Yocawibun, Hathaitip Suksodsai
A key to successfully generate the penaeid shrimp cell line is to find out how primary cells died. The most suitable period to culture Penaeus monodon haemocytes was in the first 48 h of culture because cells had normal morphology, high percent of viable cells (65.29 ± 5.43%), low percent of early (11.75 ± 1.30%) and late apoptotic cells (15.47 ± 11.71%) determined by Annexin V and TUNEL including constant IAP (0.06 ± 0.01-0.07 ± 0.01) and caspase-3 expression (0.30 ± 0.06-0.39 ± 0.10) by real-time PCR throughout the experiment...
October 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Tarek Aboul-Fadl, Suliman S Al-Hamad, Kevin Lee, Nan Li, Bernard D Gary, Adam B Keeton, Gary A Piazza, Mohammed K Abdel-Hamid
A structure-based medicinal chemistry strategy was applied to design new naproxen derivatives that show growth inhibitory activity against human colon tumor cells through a cyclooxygenase (COX)-independent mechanism. In vitro testing of the synthesized compounds against the human HT-29 colon tumor cell line revealed enhanced growth inhibitory activity compared to the parent naproxen with 3a showing IC50 of 11.4 μM (two orders of magnitude more potent than naproxen). Selectivity of 3a was investigated against a panel of three tumor and one normal colon cell lines and showed up to six times less toxicity against normal colonocytes...
September 2014: Medicinal Chemistry Research
Michela Terlizzi, Chiara Colarusso, Ada Popolo, Aldo Pinto, Rosalinda Sorrentino
Macrophages highly populate tumour microenvironment and are referred to as tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). The inflammasome is a multiprotein complex responsible of IL-1 like cytokines release, which biology has been widely studied by using bone-marrow-derived macrophages to mimic a physiological and/or host defense condition. To understand the role of this complex in lung tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), we isolated and cultured broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL)-derived cells of lung tumor-bearing mice...
August 12, 2016: Oncotarget
Y B Ji, G S Xin, Z Y Qu, X Zou, M Yu
This study investigated the nature and mechanism of juglone-induced apoptosis in the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7. The inhibitory effect of juglone on MCF-7 cell growth was evaluated by the dimethylthiazol tetrazolium assay. Morphological apoptotic changes were characterized using an inverted microscope, Hoechst 33258 fluorescence staining, and Giemsa staining. The rate of cell apoptosis, intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and mitochondrial membrane potential were detected using flow cytometry...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Sanelisiwe Nzuza, Duduzile E Ndwandwe, Peter M O Owira
INTRODUCTION: The protective effects of grapefruit-derived naringin against HIV-1 Protease Inhibitors (PIs)-associated oxidative damage to pancreatic β-cells and apoptosis were investigated in RIN-5F cells in culture. METHODS: Cells in culture medium were challenged with 11-25 mM glucose with or without nelfinavir (1-10 μM), saquinavir (1-10 μM) and atazanavir (5-20 μM), respectively for 24 h to determine insulin secretion. The cells were further treated with nelfinavir (10 μM), saquinavir (10 μM), atazanavir (20 μM) with and without naringin or glibenclamide (10 μM) for 24 h to determine insulin secretion, lipid peroxidation, Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) activity, glutathione (GSH) levels, ATP production and caspase-3 and-9 activities, respectively...
December 5, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Viviana Diaz-Aguirre, Carlos Velez-Pardo, Marlene Jimenez-Del-Rio
Whether fructose (FRU), as the sole energy source, confers a metabolic advantage on cancer cells against noxious stimuli is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of low (11 mM), moderate (25 mM), and high (55 mM) FRU concentrations alone or in combination with rotenone (ROT) or doxorubicin (DOX) in Jurkat cells, an acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell model. Glucose (GLU) was used as a control. Using different cell analysis techniques, we demonstrated that FRU was predominantly metabolized via oxidative phosphorylation (∼95%) (i...
November 2016: Cell Biology International
Fares Bassil, Pierre-Olivier Fernagut, Erwan Bezard, Alain Pruvost, Thierry Leste-Lasserre, Quyen Q Hoang, Dagmar Ringe, Gregory A Petsko, Wassilios G Meissner
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a sporadic orphan neurodegenerative disorder. No treatment is currently available to slow down the aggressive neurodegenerative process, and patients die within a few years after disease onset. The cytopathological hallmark of MSA is the accumulation of alpha-synuclein (α-syn) aggregates in affected oligodendrocytes. Several studies point to α-syn oligomerization and aggregation as a mediator of neurotoxicity in synucleinopathies including MSA. C-terminal truncation by the inflammatory protease caspase-1 has recently been implicated in the mechanisms that promote aggregation of α-syn in vitro and in neuronal cell models of α-syn toxicity...
August 23, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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