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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627343/-study-on-the-role-of-autophagy-in-heme-oxygenase-1-preventing-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#1
Sheng Lan, Jintai Li, Yi Liu
OBJECTIVE: To identify the role of autopahgy in the protective mechanism of heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) against hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. METHODS: Forty healthy male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly (random number table) divided into five groups (n = 8 in each group), namely sham group, model group, cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP) group, zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP) group and 6-amino-3-methylpurine (3-MA) group. Partial hepatic I/R model was established by clamping the pedicles of left and median lobes for 1 hour and reopening for 6 hours in rats, and the rats in sham group were only received celiotomp without hepatic I/R...
March 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622490/lawsonia-intracellularis-in-pigs-progression-of-lesions-and-involvement-of-apoptosis
#2
Roberto M C Guedes, Mariana A Machuca, Maria A Quiroga, Carlos E Real Pereira, Talita P Resende, Connie J Gebhart
The purpose of this study was to follow the progression of gross and histologic lesions and apoptosis events in Lawsonia intracellularis-infected enterocytes through the course of the disease, proliferative enteropathy (PE). Thirty 5-week-old pigs were divided into 2 groups: 20 challenged and 10 control animals. Groups of 3 pigs, 2 challenged and 1 control, were euthanized at 1, 3, 5, 8, 11, 15, 19, 24, 29, and 35 days after inoculation. Complete necropsies were performed with gross evaluation. Tissue samples from different sites of the gastrointestinal tract and other visceral organs were collected for routine histologic staining and for immunohistochemistry (IHC) for L...
July 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621234/icarisid-ii-inhibits-the-proliferation-of-human-osteosarcoma-cells-by-inducing-apoptosis-and-cell-cycle-arrest
#3
Yuanyuan Tang, Mao Xie, Neng Jiang, Feifei Huang, Xiao Zhang, Ruishan Li, Jingjing Lu, Shijie Liao, Yun Liu
Icarisid II, one of the main active components of Herba Epimedii extracts, shows potent antitumor activity in various cancer cell lines, including osteosarcoma cells. However, the anticancer mechanism of icarisid II against osteosarcoma U2OS needs further exploration. This study aims to investigate further antitumor effects of icarisid II on human osteosarcoma cells and elucidate the underlying mechanism. We cultivated human osteosarcoma USO2 cells in vitro using different concentrations of icarisid II (0-30 µM)...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619981/ibrutinib-unmasks-critical-role-of-bruton-tyrosine-kinase-in-primary-cns-lymphoma
#4
Christian Grommes, Alessandro Pastore, Nicolaos Palaskas, Sarah S Tang, Carl Campos, Derrek Schartz, Paolo Codega, Donna Nichol, Owen Clark, Wan-Ying Hsieh, Daniel Rohle, Marc K Rosenblum, Agnes Viale, Viviane Tabar, Cameron W Brennan, Igor T Gavrilovic, Thomas J Kaley, Craig Nolan, Antonio M P Omuro, Elena Pentsova, Alissa A Thomas, Elina Tsyvkin, Ariela Noy, M Lia Palomba, Paul A Hamlin, Craig Sauter, Craig H Moskowitz, Julia Wolfe, Ahmet Dogan, Minhee Won, Jon Glass, Scott Peak, Enrico C Lallana, Vaios Hatzoglou, Anne S Reiner, Philip Gutin, Jason T Huse, Katherine Panageas, Thomas G Graeber, Nikolaus Schultz, Lisa M DeAngelis, Ingo K Mellinghoff
Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) links the B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) and Toll-like receptors with Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB). The role of BTK in primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) is unknown. We performed a Phase 1 clinical trial with ibrutinib, the first-in-class BTK inhibitor, for patients with relapsed or refractory CNS Lymphoma. Clinical responses to ibrutinib occurred in 10/13 (77%) PCNSL patients, including five complete responses. The only PCNSL with complete ibrutinib resistance harbored a mutation within the coiled-coil domain of Caspase Recruitment Domain Family Member 11, a known ibrutinib resistance mechanism...
June 15, 2017: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619472/gasdermins-effectors-of-pyroptosis
#5
REVIEW
Stephen B Kovacs, Edward A Miao
Pyroptosis is a form of lytic programmed cell death initiated by inflammasomes, which detect cytosolic contamination or perturbation. This drives activation of caspase-1 or caspase-11/4/5, which cleave gasdermin D, separating its N-terminal pore-forming domain (PFD) from the C-terminal repressor domain (RD). The PFD oligomerizes to form large pores in the membrane that drive swelling and membrane rupture. Gasdermin D is one of six (in humans) gasdermin family members; several other gasdermins have also been shown to form pores that cause pyroptosis after cleavage to activate their PFDs...
June 12, 2017: Trends in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614717/microbiota-normalization-reveals-that-canonical-caspase-1-activation-exacerbates-chemically-induced-intestinal-inflammation
#6
Adrian J Błażejewski, Sophie Thiemann, Alexander Schenk, Marina C Pils, Eric J C Gálvez, Urmi Roy, Ulrike Heise, Marcel R de Zoete, Richard A Flavell, Till Strowig
Inflammasomes play a central role in regulating intestinal barrier function and immunity during steady state and disease. Because the discoveries of a passenger mutation and a colitogenic microbiota in the widely used caspase-1-deficient mouse strain have cast doubt on previously identified direct functions of caspase-1, we reassessed the role of caspase-1 in the intestine. To this end, we generated Casp1(-/-) and Casp11(-/-) mice and rederived them into an enhanced barrier facility to standardize the microbiota...
June 13, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612844/nlrp3-inflammasome-pathway-has-a-critical-role-in-the-host-immunity-against-clinically-relevant-acinetobacter-baumannii-pulmonary-infection
#7
N Dikshit, S D Kale, H J Khameneh, V Balamuralidhar, C Y Tang, P Kumar, T P Lim, T T Tan, A L Kwa, A Mortellaro, B Sukumaran
The opportunistic Gram-negative bacterium Acinetobacter baumannii (AB) is a leading cause of life-threatening nosocomial pneumonia. Outbreaks of multidrug resistant (MDR)-AB belonging to international clones (ICs) I and II with limited treatment options are major global health threats. However, the pathogenesis mechanisms of various AB clonal groups are understudied. Although inflammation-associated interleukin-1β (IL-1β) levels and IL-1 receptor antagonist polymorphisms were previously implicated in MDR-AB-related pneumonia in patients, whether inflammasomes has any role in the host defense and/or pathogenesis of clinically relevant A...
June 14, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611572/4r-cembranoid-improves-outcomes-after-6-hydroxydopamine-challenge-in-both-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-models-of-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Jing Hu, P A Ferchmin, Ann M Hemmerle, Kim B Seroogy, Vesna A Eterovic, Jiukuan Hao
(1S, 2E, 4R, 6R,-7E, 11E)-2, 7, 11-cembratriene-4, 6-diol (4R) is one of the cembranoids found in tobacco leaves. Previous studies have found that 4R protected acute rat hippocampal slices against neurotoxicity induced by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and against the toxic organophosphorus compounds paraoxon and diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP). Furthermore, in vivo, 4R reduced the infarct size in a rodent ischemic stroke model and neurodegeneration caused by DFP. The present study expanded our previous study by focusing on the effect of 4R in Parkinson's disease (PD) and elucidating its underlying mechanisms using 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced injury models...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610850/dietary-myo-inositol-deficiency-decreased-the-growth-performances-and-impaired-intestinal-physical-barrier-function-partly-relating-to-nrf2-jnk-e2f4-and-mlck-signaling-in-young-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella
#9
Shuang-An Li, Wei-Dan Jiang, Lin Feng, Yang Liu, Pei Wu, Jun Jiang, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Xiao-Qiu Zhou
In this study, we investigated the effects of dietary myo-inositol on the growth and intestinal physical barrier functions of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). A total of 540 young grass carp (221.83 ± 0.84 g) were fed six diets containing graded levels of myo-inositol (27.0, 137.9, 286.8, 438.6, 587.7 and 737.3 mg/kg) for 10 weeks. After the growth trial, fish were challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila for 14 days. The results indicated that compared with optimal myo-inositol levels, myo-inositol deficiency (27...
June 10, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610652/novel-insights-into-the-role-of-cell-free-seminal-mrnas-on-semen-quality-and-cryotolerance-of-spermatozoa-in-bulls-bos-taurus
#10
Munivenkatappa Shilpa, Sellappan Selvaraju, Venkataswamy GirishKumar, Sivashanmugam Parthipan, Krishnan B Binsila, Arunachalam Arangasamy, Janivara Parameshwaraiah Ravindra
The aim of the present study was to ascertain the effectiveness of seminal plasma mRNAs as markers to assess the reproductive performance of bulls. Semen samples (33 ejaculates) from 11 bulls were evaluated for sperm kinematic and functional parameters. Total RNA was isolated from cell-free seminal (cfs) using TRIzol LS reagent and the concentration of cfs-RNA was 24.4±2.3µgmL-1 seminal plasma. The cfs-RNA was fragmented to a size of 25-500bp. Of the cfs-mRNAs screened using real time PCR, expression of protamine 1 (PRM1) was positively (P<0...
June 14, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606618/hypoxic-postconditioning-attenuates-apoptosis-via-activation-of-adenosine-a2a-receptors-on-dermal-microvascular-endothelial-cells-of-human-flaps
#11
Jiankun Cao, Wenzhi Li, Chao Cui, Binbin Li, Yi Xin, Lun Cai, Zhizhong Gong, Huang Lin
BACKGROUND: In recent years, many studies have demonstrated that endogenous adenosine induced by ischemia postconditioning reduces apoptosis in various models, but no study has clearly elucidated the effects of hypoxic postconditioning (HPC) in human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HDMECs) of flaps, and the subtype of adenosine receptors involved remains unknown. In our study, we sought to identify the role of adenosine A2a receptor in the antiapoptotic effects of HPC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The HDMECs were isolated from human upper eyelid tissue...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599247/inflammasomes-the-cardinal-pathology-mediators-are-activated-by-pathogens-allergens-and-mutagens-a-critical-review-with-focus-on-nlrp3
#12
REVIEW
Seema Patel
Inflammation is a pivotal defense system of body. Unfortunately, when homeostasis falters, the same inflammatory mechanism acts as a double-edged sword, and turns offensive, paving the path for a broad array of pathologies. A multi-protein complex termed as inflammasome perceives the PAMPs (pathogen associated molecular patterns) and DAMPs (danger associated molecular patterns), executing immune responses. This activation predominantly encompasses the elaboration of effector cytokines IL-1β, IL-18, and the cysteine proteases (caspase 1 and 11)...
June 6, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587764/toxicity-of-phenolipids-protocatechuic-acid-alkyl-esters-trigger-disruption-of-mitochondrial-membrane-potential-and-caspase-activation-in-macrophages
#13
David M Pereira, Tânia C Silva, Sónia Losada-Barreiro, Patrícia Valentão, Fátima Paiva-Martins, Paula B Andrade
Phenolipids are a class of phenolic compounds with a lipidic moiety that have been receiving increasing attention due to their promising biological activities; however data regarding their toxicity and mechanism of action are scarce. A series of 11 phenolipids consisting of alkyl esters derivatives of the natural molecule protocatechuic acid was synthesized and evaluated against a panel of cancer and non-cancer cell lines. The macrophage cell line RAW 264.7, widely used as a tool for screening anti-inflammatory drugs, was more susceptible to the toxicity of these molecules than human cancer cells, reason for which mechanist studies were conducted...
June 3, 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578487/gambogic-acid-induces-cell-apoptosis-and-inhibits-mapk-pathway-in-pten-p53-prostate-cancer-cells-in-vitro-and-ex-vivo
#14
Hong Pan, Li-Yuan Lu, Xue-Qian Wang, Bin-Xue Li, Kathleen Kelly, Hong-Sheng Lin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of gambogic acid (GA) on the growth and cell death of castrate resistant prostate cancer (PC) with phosphate and tension homology (PTEN) and p53 genes deleted in vitro and ex vivo, and elucidate the underlying possible molecular mechanisms. METHODS: PTEN(-/-)/p53(-/-) PC cells and Los Angeles prostate cancer-4 (LAPC-4) cells were treated with GA for 24 h and 48 h, then cell viability was determined by cell proliferation assay...
June 3, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574724/mir-144-3p-induces-cell-cycle-arrest-and-apoptosis-in-pancreatic-cancer-cells-by-targeting-proline-rich-protein-11-expression-via-the-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-signaling-pathway
#15
Jian Li, Peisheng Sun, Zhongyi Yue, Dezhong Zhang, Kun You, Jianguo Wang
microRNAs (miRNAs) have been proved to be involved in many events of tumor development and progression, including cell proliferation, cell apoptosis, and cell cycle arrest. However, the potential role of miR-144-3p in pancreatic cancer (PC) remains elusive. In this study, we demonstrated that miR-144-3p was decreased in PC tissues and PANC-1 cells, whereas proline-rich protein 11 (PRR11) was remarkably increased. miR-144-3p mimics were discovered to inhibit cell proliferation by arresting cells at the S-phase of the cell cycle, and inducing cell apoptosis in PANC-1 cells...
June 2, 2017: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573252/induction-of-cell-cycle-arrest-and-apoptosis-by-ormenis-eriolepis-a-morrocan-endemic-plant-in-various-human-cancer-cell-lines
#16
Lamiae Belayachi, Clara Aceves-Luquero, Nawel Merghoub, Silvia Fernández de Mattos, Saaîd Amzazi, Priam Villalonga, Youssef Bakri
BACKGROUND: Ormenis eriolepis Coss (Asteraceae) is an endemic Moroccan subspecies, traditionally named "Hellala" or "Fergoga". It's usually used for its hypoglycemic effect as well as for the treatment of stomacal pain. As far as we know, there is no scientific exploration of anti tumoral activity of Ormenis eriolepis extracts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this regard, we performed a screening of organic extracts and fractions in a panel of both hematological and solid cancer cell lines, to evaluate the potential in vitro anti tumoral activity and to elucidate the respective mechanisms that may be responsible for growth arrest and cell death induction...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555524/ellipticine-inhibits-the-proliferation-and-induces-apoptosis-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-fibroblast-like-synoviocytes-via-the-stat3-pathway
#17
Hui-Long Wen, Guang Yang, Qi-Rong Dong
OBJECTIVE: Ellipticine (5,11-dimethyl-6H-pyrido[4,3-b]carbazole) is an alkaloid isolated from Apocyanaceae plants. This study was designed to investigate the effects of ellipticine on the proliferation and apoptosis of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: RA-FLSs were exposed to different concentrations of ellipticine (i.e., 0.5, 1, 2, 4 and 8 μM) for 24-72h and measured for viability, proliferation and apoptosis...
May 30, 2017: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551582/immunohistochemical-morphological-and-histometrical-analyses-of-follicular-development-in-astyanax-bimaculatus-teleostei-characidae-exposed-to-an-organochlorine-insecticide
#18
Lucas Marcon, Ralph Gruppi Thomé, Ann Honor Mounteer, Nilo Bazzoli, Elizete Rizzo, Laércio Dos Anjos Benjamin
Thiodan(®) is an organochlorine insecticide used in agriculture that can reach aquatic ecosystems where it can affect fish reproduction. This research aimed to evaluate follicular development and the expression of integrin β1, collagen type IV and caspase 3 by morphological, histometrical and immunohistochemical analyses of Astyanax bimaculatus exposed to Thiodan(®). Treatments included three sublethal concentrations of Thiodan(®) (1.15, 2.30, and 5.60μgL(-1)) for 96h and a control without the insecticide...
May 25, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534513/protein-disulfide-isomerase-a4-acts-as-a-novel-regulator-of-cancer-growth-through-the-procaspase-pathway
#19
T-F Kuo, T-Y Chen, S-T Jiang, K-W Chen, Y-M Chiang, Y-J Hsu, Y-J Liu, H-M Chen, K K Yokoyama, K-C Tsai, H-H Yeh, Y-R Chen, M-T Yang, C-Y Yang, W-C Yang
Protein disulfide isomerase a4 (PDIA4) is implicated in the growth and death of tumor cells; however, its molecular mechanism and therapeutic potential in cancer are unclear. Here, we found that PDIA4 expression was upregulated in a variety of tumor cell lines and human lung adenocarcinoma tissues. Knockdown and overexpression of PDIA4 in tumor cells showed that PDIA4 facilitated cell growth via the reduction of caspases 3 and 7 activity. Consistently, Lewis lung carcinoma cells overexpressing PDIA4 grew faster than did parental cells in tumor-bearing mice, as shown by a reduced survival rate, increased tumor size and metastasis, and decreased cell death and caspases 3 and 7 activity...
May 22, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526407/sirtuin-inhibition-leads-to-autophagy-and-apoptosis-in-porcine-preimplantation-blastocysts
#20
Min Gyeong Kim, Duk Hyoun Kim, Hye Ran Lee, Jun Sung Lee, Su Jin Jin, Hoon Taek Lee
Sirtuins are nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide dependent class III histone deacetylase proteins that play a crucial role in several cellular processes, including DNA repair, apoptosis, and lifespan. Previous studies have shown that sirtuin inhibition leads to embryonic developmental arrest and oxidative stress in porcine and murine. However, sirtuin-mediated mechanisms have not been examined in porcine preimplantation blastocysts. We therefore investigated the relationship between sirtuins and autophagy. Embryos were cultured with 100 μM sirtinol (SIRT1/2 inhibitor) in NCSU-23 media after in vitro fertilization...
May 17, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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