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Kounis syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664430/-kounis-syndrome-a-paradoxal-non-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-case-after-triamcinolone-treatment-for-dermatitis
#1
Mücahid Yılmaz, Hasan Korkmaz
Kounis syndrome is defined as the clinical development of acute coronary syndrome caused by the activation of inflammatory cells due to an allergy, hypersensitivity, anaphylaxis, or anaphylactic reaction. Corticosteroids that are used in the treatment of many inflammatory conditions may paradoxically cause allergic reactions and even anaphylaxis. This article is a description of the case of a 52-yearold female patient who had a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction after the administration of triamcinolone that was relieved with antihistaminic treatment...
April 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643637/neostigmine-induced-coronary-spasm-beware-of-kounis-syndrome
#2
Xiaofei Yang, Xiaozhi Feng, Feiru Duan, Zhiyong Wang, Monish S Raut, Baryon Swain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621013/allergic-acute-coronary-syndrome-kounis-syndrome-in-a-young-woman-during-spinal-anesthesia-a-case-report
#3
Luis Eduardo Mendoza Vásquez
Kounis syndrome represents the concurrence of acute coronary syndromes or anginal pain with allergic, hypersensitivity, and anaphylactoid reactions that are increasingly found in clinical practice. We present a case of a young woman who experienced attacks of dyspnea, hypoxemia, and hypotension during and after spinal anesthesia. Based on the pattern of clinical symptoms and laboratory findings, she was retrospectively diagnosed with Kounis syndrome, even though no apparent trigger of hypersensitivity was found...
March 31, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576520/allergic-recurrent-coronary-stent-thrombosis-a-mini-review-of-kounis-syndrome
#4
REVIEW
Roberto M Ferreira, Paolo B Villela, Juliano C G Almeida, Pedro Paulo N Sampaio, Felipe N Albuquerque, Fernanda M C Pinheiro, William França Filho, José Ary B E Salles, João Mansur Filho
Kounis syndrome (KS) consists of an association between hypersensitivity reactions triggered by various environmental and pharmacological factors and acute coronary syndromes. Blood supply may be compromised by either vasospasm (type I), native plaque destabilization (type II) or stent thrombosis (type III). Although the prognosis is generally favorable, treatment should include aggressive anti-thrombotic and anti-allergic therapies. A case compatible with type III KS, manifested as a macular rash followed by two episodes of stent thrombosis after primary angioplasty (PCI) of the right coronary artery is presented, and complemented by a review on the topic...
March 13, 2018: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557575/kounis-syndrome-a-disease-to-know-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Edoardo Sciatti, Enrico Vizzardi, Dario S Cani, Assunta Castiello, Ivano Bonadei, Daria Savoldi, Marco Metra, Antonio D'Aloia
The case deals with an anaphylactoid reaction to intravenous ampicillin/sulbactam resulting in cardiogenic syncope and myocardial damage. Symptoms and ECG modifications promptly disappeared after corticosteroids administration. The Kounis syndrome is an acute coronary syndrome, including coronary spasm, acute myocardial infarction and stent thrombosis, resulting from an anaphylactic or anaphylactoid or allergic or hypersensitivity insult. First described in 1991, it can be caused by a lot of substances, particularly antibiotics...
March 16, 2018: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534969/cefuroxime-associated-kounis-syndrome-with-unique-peculiarity-in-perioperative-prophylaxis
#6
Jie Gao, Yuan Gao, Jingjing Ma
Cefuroxime is a broad spectrum antibacterial agent administered in cases of perioperative prophylaxis. Kounis syndrome is defined as the concurrence of anaphylactic events with acute coronary syndromes. Limited data is available for cefuroxime-associated Kounis syndrome in perioperative prophylaxis. We report the case of a 37-year-old woman undergoing bilateral sweat gland resection who presented with Kounis syndrome following cefuroxime infusion for perioperative prophylaxis. The patient had severe symptoms and unique manifestations that never been reported before: pink frothy sputum indicating heart failure, due to severe systolic dysfunction requiring invasive ventilation and intra-aortic balloon counter-pulsation...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531459/allergic-angina-syndrome-in-anesthesia-and-diabetes
#7
Nicholas G Kounis, Ioanna Koniari, George Tzanis, George D Soufras, George Hahalis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486712/acute-coronary-syndrome-secondary-to-allergic-coronary-vasospasm-kounis-syndrome-a-case-series-follow-up-and-literature-review
#8
Jing Li, Jingang Zheng, Yifeng Zhou, Xiaofei Liu, Wenhua Peng
BACKGROUND: Kounis syndrome (KS) is the concurrence of acute coronary syndrome associated with mast-cell and platelet activation in the setting of hypersensitivity and allergic or anaphylactic insults. Many drugs and environmental exposures had been reported as inducers, but various inducers and the mechanism of KS remained unknown till now. The widely used traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) as a potential sensitizer were scarcely reported to induce allergic vasospasm due to the ignorance of the linkage between traditional medicine allergy and vasospasm...
February 27, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428243/allergic-myocardial-infarction-kounis-syndrome-after-cefuroxime-with-side-chain-cross-reactivity
#9
Magdalena Absmaier, Tilo Biedermann, Knut Brockow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404272/type-i-kounis-syndrome-variant-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Abdullah Haddad, Triston Smith, Aneel Bole, Moneal Shah, Mithun Chakravarthy
Kounis syndrome defined as the occurrence of acute coronary syndrome in the setting of allergic reaction due to mast cells activation and inflammatory mediators release that induces coronary vasospasm, plaque erosion, or even stent thrombosis. A 25-year-old postpartum female with asthma and recurrent episodes of chest pain was admitted with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction in the setting of coronary artery spasms. The patient was started on calcium channel blockers and nitrite-based medication with no improvement...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361310/kounys-syndrome-after-rocuronium-administration
#11
B Del Val Villanueva, S Telletxea Benguria, I González-Larrabe, J M Suárez Romay
Kounis syndrome encompasses concepts including angina and allergic infarction described in relation to exposure to different allergens. The aim of this article is to describe a case of Kounis Syndrome type II after exposure to rocuronium as well as the patholophysiology and the treatment of this syndrome.
January 17, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348285/vancomycin-induced-coronary-artery-spasm-a-case-of-kounis-syndrome
#12
Eric Martinez, Sonu Sahni, Muhammad Ai Cheema, Asma Iftikhar
Kounis syndrome defined as the appearance of acute coronary syndrome in the context of an allergic reaction is a relatively rare phenomenon. There are three variants of this syndrome in which the patient presents with symptoms of an acute chest. Herein, we describe a case of an 83-year-old woman who demonstrated type I variant of Kounis syndrome in response to vancomycin administration. After initialisation of vancomycin, she became unresponsive and an ECG demonstrated ST changes consistent with inferior-lateral myocardial infarction...
January 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338163/kounis-syndrome-induced-by-oral-intake-of-diclofenac-potassium
#13
Harun Gunes, Feruza Turan Sonmez, Ayhan Saritas, Yasin Koksal
An acute coronary syndrome (ACS) occurring during the course of an allergic reaction is called Kounis syndrome (KS). The second case of KS induced by diclofenac potassium (DP) is presented in this report. A 67-year-old man was brought to our emergency department with the possible diagnosis of anaphylactic shock by the ambulance staff. It emerged that widespread erythema and pruritus developed after taking DP. Then, he lost consciousness. Diffuse urticarial lesions were detected on physical examination at the emergency department...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316984/coronary-artery-spasm-due-to-intravenous-atropine-infusion-in-a-child-possible-kounis-syndrome
#14
Ana Castellano-Martinez, Moises Rodriguez-Gonzalez
Coronary vasospasm can result from silent myocardial ischaemia to sudden death. There are many precipitant factors including different pharmacological agents. Kounis syndrome is defined by acute coronary syndromes associated with anaphylactic or anaphylactoid reactions. We report, to the best of our knowledge, the first paediatric case of Kounis syndrome due to intravenous atropine.
April 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210337/death-following-ceftazidime-induced-kounis-syndrome
#15
Idg Kitulwatte, S Gangahawatte, Ulms Perera, Pas Edirisinghe
Kounis syndrome, also known as allergic myocardial infarction or allergic angina syndrome, coincides with chest pain and allergic reactions. It involves the activation of interrelated inflammatory cells following allergic, anaphylactic or anaphylactoid insults. We report a case of Kounis syndrome complicated by an injection of ceftazidime. A 52-year-old man developed shortness of breath and hypotension, leading to immediate unconsciousness, after a ceftazidime injection. Despite intensive care management, he showed no improvement and died approximately 19 h after ceftazidime administration...
December 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057441/repetitive-stent-thrombosis-another-manifestation-of-kounis-syndrome
#16
COMMENT
Giorgos S Tzanis, Nicholas G Kounis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050735/-inferior-myocardial-infarction-complicated-by-complete-heart-block-and-cardiac-arrest-following-a-gadolinium-injection-a-case-of-kounis-syndrome
#17
R Demoulin, R Poyet, E Capilla, M Cardinale, A V Tortat, F Pons, F-X Brocq, C Jego, G Foucault, G-R Cellarier
Kounis syndrome is an allergic acute coronary syndrome. It occurs on healthy or pathological arteries. Its complications, although often benign, can lead to cardiac arrest and death. Its triggering factors are multiple and include contrast products used in diagnostic imaging. We report the case of an 81 years old patient affected by hepatocellular carcinoma, who presented a type 2 Kounis syndrome with inferior myocardial infarction, complicated by cardiac arrest related to complete heart block following a gadoteric acid injection...
November 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928989/an-unusual-case-of-recurrent-hypersensitivity-reaction-associated-with-kounis-like-acute-coronary-syndrome
#18
Shanker Kundumadam, Vivek Reddy, Sagar Mallikethi Reddy, Pradeep Kathi, Aiden Abidov
There have been multiple reports of allergic reactions associated with acute coronary syndromes. This has been classically described as Kounis syndrome. We present an unusual case of 70-year-old male with multiple prior hypersensitivity reactions and history of coronary artery bypass grafting who presented recurrent episode of severe angioedema and anaphylaxis. He responded to epinephrine but subsequently developed a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction with worsening heart failure. Our case is unique in that, unlike classic Kounis syndrome, the acute coronary event in this case did not present concurrently with the allergic reaction; rather it took nearly 48 hours to present...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882939/wasp-sting-induced-stemi-with-complete-coronary-artery-occlusion-a-case-of-kounis-syndrome
#19
Benjamin Cross, Tawfiqur Rahman Choudhury, Mark Hindle, Gavin Galasko
A 45-year-old previously healthy man with minimal coronary artery disease on imaging presented with an acute MI after sustaining a wasp sting following previous non-eventful exposures throughout his life. This is the first case of Kounis syndrome with optical coherence tomography imaging and proven IgE wasp venom hypersensitivity. The Hymenoptera venom is composed of allergenic proteins and vasoactive amines which are responsible for venom toxicity. This patient also has a history of atopy giving a predisposition for developing IgE-mediated allergic reactions...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870153/myocardial-infarction-during-anaphylaxis-in-a-young-healthy-male-with-normal-coronary-arteries-is-epinephrine-the-culprit
#20
W D Jayamali, H M M T B Herath, Aruna Kulathunga
BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis is an acute, potentially fatal medical emergency. Myocardial injury or infarction in the setting of an anaphylaxis can be due the anaphylaxis itself, when it is known as Kounis syndrome or it can also be due to the effect of epinephrine treatment. Epinephrine is considered as the cornerstone in management of anaphylaxis. Myocardial infarction secondary to therapeutic doses of adrenaline is a rare occurrence and only a few cases have been reported in literature...
September 4, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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