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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538704/climate-change-and-its-impact-on-the-yield-of-major-food-crops-evidence-from-pakistan
#1
Sajjad Ali, Ying Liu, Muhammad Ishaq, Tariq Shah, Abdullah, Aasir Ilyas, Izhar Ud Din
Pakistan is vulnerable to climate change, and extreme climatic conditions are threatening food security. This study examines the effects of climate change (e.g., maximum temperature, minimum temperature, rainfall, relative humidity, and the sunshine) on the major crops of Pakistan (e.g., wheat, rice, maize, and sugarcane). The methods of feasible generalized least square (FGLS) and heteroscedasticity and autocorrelation (HAC) consistent standard error were employed using time series data for the period 1989 to 2015...
May 24, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538383/stratification-of-risk-groups-according-to-survival-after-recurrence-in-endometrial-cancer-patients
#2
Seung-Hyuk Shim, Dae-Yeon Kim, Hyun Jung Kim, Shin-Wha Lee, Jeong-Yeol Park, Dae-Shik Suh, Jong-Hyeok Kim, Yong-Man Kim, Young-Tak Kim, Joo-Hyun Nam
To identify prognostic factors for overall survival after recurrence (OSr) in endometrioid endometrial cancer (EC) patients and categorize patient subgroups that predict outcomes using these variables.Consecutive patients with recurrent endometrioid EC seen in our institution from 1989 to 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Cox regression models were used to identify the clinicopathological factors associated with OSr. By summing scores proportionate to the hazard ratio (HR) for each significant variable, we stratified patients into 3 risk groups...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533060/autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-for-follicular-lymphoma-favourable-long-term-survival-irrespective-of-pre-transplant-rituximab-exposure
#3
Ana Jiménez-Ubieto, Carlos Grande, Dolores Caballero, Lucrecia Yáñez, Silvana Novelli, Miguel Teodoro Hernández-Garcia, María Manzanares, Reyes Arranz, José Javier Ferreiro, Sabella Bobillo, Santiago Mercadal, Andrea Galeo, Javier López Jiménez, José María Moraleda, Carlos Vallejo, Carmen Albo, Elena Pérez, Carmen Marrero, Laura Magnano, Luis Palomera, Isidro Jarque, Pilar Martínez-Sánchez, Alejandro Martín, Erika Coria, Armando López-Guillermo, Antonio Salar, Juan José Lahuerta
High-dose chemotherapy supported by autologous stem cell transplantation (HDT/ASCT) has contributed to modify the natural history of follicular lymphoma (FL). However, an overall survival (OS) benefit has only been demonstrated at relapse after a rituximab free chemotherapy regimen. A total of 655 FL patients were reported to the Spanish GELTAMO registry and received their first ASCT between 1989 and 2007. 203 patients received ASCT in first complete response (CR1), 174 in CR2, 28 in third CR3, 140 in first partial response (PR1), 81 in subsequent PR, and 29 with resistant/refractory disease; 184 patients received rituximab prior to ASCT...
May 19, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527578/tr2-and-tr4-orphan-nuclear-receptors-an-overview
#4
Shin-Jen Lin, Dong-Rong Yang, Guosheng Yang, Chang-Yi Lin, Hong-Chiang Chang, Gonghui Li, Chawnshang Chang
Testicular nuclear receptors 2 and 4 (TR2, TR4), also known as NR2C1 and NR2C2, belong to the nuclear receptor superfamily and were first cloned in 1989 and 1994, respectively. Although classified as orphan receptors, several natural molecules, their metabolites, and synthetic compounds including polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), PUFA metabolites 13-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid, 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid, and the antidiabetic drug thiazolidinediones can transactivate TR4. Importantly, many of these ligands/activators can also transactivate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), also known as NR1C3 nuclear receptor...
2017: Current Topics in Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526715/cancer-incidence-in-female-laboratory-employees-extended-follow-up-of-a-swedish-cohort-study
#5
Per Gustavsson, Tomas Andersson, Annika Gustavsson, Christina Reuterwall
OBJECTIVES: Work in chemical laboratories is associated with exposure to chemicals, of which some are known or suspected carcinogens. A cohort study of laboratory workers in Stockholm followed until 1992 showed an excess of hematolymphatic malignancies in chemical laboratories and an excess of breast cancer among women working for more than 10 years in such laboratories. The follow-up of this cohort has now been extended by 20 years. METHODS: The cohort comprised 2245 female laboratory workers who are employed for >1 year from 1950 to 1989...
May 19, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526518/clinical-presentation-of-endometriosis-identified-at-interval-laparoscopic-tubal-sterilization-prospective-series-of-465-cases
#6
Marion Tissot, Lise Lecointre, Emilie Faller, Karolina Afors, Chérif Akladios, Alain Audebert
OBJECTIVES: Women seeking sterilization are usually parous and have no major complains, such as pelvic pain. This could be a good model to indirectly assess the prevalence of endometriosis in the general population. Prevalence of endometriosis in women undergoing tubal sterilization by laparoscopy has been assessed in 17 published reports. Results indicate a surprising wide variation of prevalence of endometriosis, ranging from 1.4% to 43.3 %. This clinical study describes the prevalence and clinical presentations of endometriosis identified at interval laparoscopic tubal sterilization, as a close representation of endometriosis in general population...
May 16, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526094/patients-with-community-acquired-bacteremia-of-unknown-origin-clinical-characteristics-and-usefulness-of-microbiological-results-for-therapeutic-issues-a-single-center-cohort-study
#7
Johan Courjon, Elisa Demonchy, Nicolas Degand, Karine Risso, Raymond Ruimy, Pierre-Marie Roger
Bacteremia of unknown origin (BUO) are associated with increased mortality compared to those with identified sources. Microbiological data of those patients could help to characterize an appropriate empirical antibiotic treatment before bloodcultures results are available during sepsis of unknown origin. Based on the dashboard of our ward that prospectively records several parameters from each hospitalization, we report 101 community-acquired BUO selected among 1989 bacteremic patients from July 2005 to April 2016, BUO being defined by the absence of clinical and paraclinical infectious focus and no other microbiological samples retrieving the bacteria isolated from blood cultures...
May 19, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525627/geographic-patterns-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-children-of-nurses-health-study-ii-women
#8
Kate Hoffman, Marc G Weisskopf, Andrea L Roberts, Raanan Raz, Jaime E Hart, Kristen Lyall, Elin M Hoffman, Francine Laden, Verónica M Vieira
Data indicate that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) prevalence may be increasing and varies geographically. We investigated associations between residential location and ASD in the children of Nurses' Health Study II women in order to generate hypotheses about social and environmental factors related to etiology or diagnosis. Analyses included 13,507 children born from 1989-1999 (486 with ASD). We explored relationships between ASD and residential location at both birth and age 6 years (i.e. closer to average diagnosis age)...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523430/long-term-durability-of-preserved-aortic-root-after-repair-of-acute-type-a-aortic-dissection
#9
Keiji Kamohara, Shugo Koga, Jun Takaki, Nozomi Yoshida, Kojiro Furukawa, Shigeki Morita
BACKGROUND: Optimal management of aortic root in type A aortic dissection (AAD) is controversial. To determine the most appropriate strategy, we studied the late outcomes after conservative repair of aortic root. METHODS: 234 AAD patients (mean age 68 ± 12 years) underwent surgical repair using supracommissural replacement (SCR) for aortic root reconstruction from 1989 to 2014. Ascending aortic replacement or hemi-arch replacement was performed in 180 patients (non-arch group), whereas total arch replacement (TAR) was performed in 54 patients...
May 18, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522676/midlife-and-late-life-vascular-risk-factors-and-white-matter-microstructural-integrity-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-neurocognitive-study
#10
Melinda C Power, Jonathan V Tingle, Robert I Reid, Juebin Huang, A Richey Sharrett, Josef Coresh, Michael Griswold, Kejal Kantarci, Clifford R Jack, David Knopman, Rebecca F Gottesman, Thomas H Mosley
BACKGROUND: Diffusion tensor imaging measures of white matter (WM) microstructural integrity appear to provide earlier indication of WM injury than WM hyperintensities; however, risk factors for poor WM microstructural integrity have not been established. Our study quantifies the association between vascular risk factors in midlife and late life with measures of late-life WM microstructural integrity. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used data from 1851 participants in ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study) who completed 3-T magnetic resonance imaging, including diffusion tensor imaging, as part of the ARIC Neurocognitive Study (ARIC-NCS)...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515625/overview-of-the-impact-of-typhoid-and-paratyphoid-fever-utility-of-ty21a-vaccine-vivotif%C3%A2
#11
REVIEW
D Amicizia, L Arata, F Zangrillo, D Panatto, R Gasparini
Cases of diarrhoeal disease number from 1.7 to 5 billion per year worldwide. One of the main causes of diarrhoeal disease is typhoid fever, which is a potentially life-threatening multi-systemic illness. According to the most recent estimates, a total of 26.9 million typhoid fever episodes occurred in 2010. The geographical distribution of the disease differs widely; in developed countries, the incidence rate per 100,000 per year varies from < 0.1 to 0.3, and the disease mainly affects people who travel to endemic areas located in low- and middle-income countries...
March 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515065/neonatal-vitamin-d-status-from-archived-dried-blood-spots-and-future-risk-of-fractures-in-childhood-results-from-the-d-tect-study-a-population-based-case-cohort-study
#12
Mina Nicole Händel, Peder Frederiksen, Arieh Cohen, Cyrus Cooper, Berit Lilienthal Heitmann, Bo Abrahamsen
Background: Whether antenatal and neonatal vitamin D status have clinical relevance in fracture prevention has not been examined extensively, although observational studies indicate that fetal life may be a sensitive period in relation to bone growth and mineralization during childhood.Objective: We examined whether 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3] concentrations in stored neonatal dried blood spot (DBS) samples are associated with pediatric fracture risk. We hypothesized that in particular, low neonatal vitamin D status may be a risk factor for fracture incidence among children...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515002/electrocardiographic-qrs-t-angle-and-the-risk-of-incident-silent-myocardial-infarction-in-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#13
Zhu-Ming Zhang, Pentti M Rautaharju, Ronald J Prineas, Larisa Tereshchenko, Elsayed Z Soliman
BACKGROUND: Silent myocardial infarction (SMI) accounts for about half of the total number of MIs, and is associated with poor prognosis as is clinically documented MI (CMI). The electrocardiographic (ECG) spatial QRS/T angle has been a strong predictor of cardiovascular outcomes. Whether spatial QRS/T angle also is predictive of SMI, and the easy-to-obtain frontal QRS/T angle will show similar association are currently unknown. METHODS: We examined the association between the spatial and frontal QRS/T angles, separately, with incident SMI among 9498 participants (mean age 54years, 57% women, and 20% African-American), who were free of cardiovascular disease at baseline (visit 1, 1987-1989) from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514954/needle-exchange-programs-for-the-prevention-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-people-who-inject-drugs-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#14
Stephen M Davis, Shay Daily, Alfgeir L Kristjansson, George A Kelley, Keith Zullig, Adam Baus, Danielle Davidov, Melanie Fisher
BACKGROUND: Previous research on the effectiveness of needle exchange programs (NEP) in preventing hepatitis C virus (HCV) in people who inject drugs (PWID) has shown mixed findings. The purpose of this study was to use the meta-analytic approach to examine the association between NEP use and HCV prevention in PWIDs. METHODS: Study inclusion criteria were (1) observational studies, (2) PWIDs, (3) NEP use, (4) HCV status ascertained by serological testing, (5) studies published in any language since January 1, 1989, and (6) data available for measures of association...
May 17, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501010/detecting-and-predicting-the-impact-of-land-use-changes-on-groundwater-quality-a-case-study-in-northern-kelantan-malaysia
#15
Tahoora Sheikhy Narany, Ahmad Zaharin Aris, Anuar Sefie, Saskia Keesstra
The conversions of forests and grass land to urban and farmland has exerted significant changes on terrestrial ecosystems. However, quantifying how these changes can affect the quality of water resources is still a challenge for hydrologists. Nitrate concentrations can be applied as an indicator to trace the link between land use changes and groundwater quality due to their solubility and easy transport from their source to the groundwater. In this study, 25year records (from 1989 to 2014) of nitrate concentrations are applied to show the impact of land use changes on the quality of groundwater in Northern Kelantan, Malaysia, where large scale deforestation in recent decades has occurred...
May 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500066/classic-spotlight-1988-and-1989-articles-of-significant-interest-selected-from-the-journal-of-virology-archives-by-the-editors
#16
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498910/extra-anatomical-bypass-in-complex-and-recurrent-aortic-coarctation-and-hypoplastic-arch%C3%A2
#17
Eva Maria Delmo Walter, Mariano Francisco Del Maria Javier, Roland Hetzer
OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to report the selection schemes, technical variations and long-term outcome of extra-anatomical bypass to correct complex, recurrent aortic coarctation and hypoplastic aortic arch. METHODS: Between 1989 and 2012, 53 patients (mean age 13.2 ± 4.3, median 11.6, range 9-23 years) with complex aortic coarctation ( n  = 33; long-segment hypoplastic aortic arch in 15), recurrent coarctation ( n  = 20; anastomosic pseudoaneurysm in 10), underwent correction using extra-anatomical bypass, either with ( n  = 18: femoral bypass = 13, left heart bypass = 5) or without ( n  = 35) extracorporeal circulation via a left lateral thoracotomy ( n = 48) and combined median sternotomy and median laparotomy ( n  = 5)...
May 11, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496491/the-effects-of-transdermal-estrogen-delivery-on-bone-mineral-density-in-postmenopausal-women-a-meta-analysis
#18
Fatemeh Abdi, Hamid Mobedi, Farhad Bayat, Nariman Mosaffa, Mahrokh Dolatian, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani
Due to its minimal systematic adverse effects, transdermal estrogen is widely used for the prevention of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. The present meta-analysis aimed to clarify the effects of transdermal estrogen on bone mineral density (BMD) of postmenopausal women. Studies were identified by searching electronic databases including Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Embase , and CINAHL databases, and also the Sciences Citation Index. Systematic review of articles was published between January 1989 to February 2016...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495525/latent-tuberculosis-infection-the-final-frontier-of-tuberculosis-elimination-in-the-usa
#19
REVIEW
Philip A LoBue, Jonathan H Mermin
Since 1989, the USA has been pursuing the goal of tuberculosis elimination. After substantial progress during the past two decades, the rate of tuberculosis cases in the USA each year has now levelled off and remains well above the elimination threshold. Both epidemiological data and modelling underline the necessity of addressing latent tuberculosis infection if further progress is to be made in eliminating the disease. In this Personal View we explore next steps towards elimination. Given the estimated prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection, compared with the limited testing and treatment that currently occur, a major new effort is required...
May 8, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494297/episodic-acidification-of-5-rivers-in-canada-s-oil-sands-during-snowmelt-a-25-year-record
#20
A C Alexander, P A Chambers, D S Jeffries
Episodic acidification during snowmelt is a natural phenomenon that can be intensified by acidic deposition from heavy industry. In Canada's oil sands region, acid deposition is estimated to be as much as 5% of the Canadian total and large tracks of northeastern Alberta are considered acid-sensitive because of extensive peatland habitats with poorly weathered soils. To identify the frequency, duration and severity of acidification episodes during snowmelt (the predominant hydrological period for delivery of priority pollutants from atmospheric oil sands emissions to surface waters), a 25-year record (1989 to 2014) of automated water quality data (pH, temperature, conductivity) was assembled for 3 rivers along with a shorter record (2012-2014) for another 2 rivers...
May 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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