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[This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/s1518-8787.2016050005801].
March 12, 2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
Ivan Martinka, Miriam Fulova, Margita Spalekova, Peter Spalek
PURPOSE: The objective of the study was to evaluate changes of epidemiological parameters in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) in Slovakia during the period 1977-2015. METHODS: Data from medical records of MG patients registered in Slovakia were analyzed. Epidemiological rates (incidence, prevalence, mortality) were assessed for several periods to identify changes and drifts over the period of study. RESULTS: Out of 2,074 patients, 892 were males (43...
March 20, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Syed M Tareq, M Tauhid Ur Rahman, A Z M Zahedul Islam, A B M Baddruzzaman, M Ashraf Ali
Climate-induced waterlogging has been significantly affecting the lives and livelihood of people in the south-west coastal region of Bangladesh for a couple of decades. The objective of this study is to investigate the waterlogging hazards of Tala, a south-western coastal Upazila of Bangladesh by analyzing satellite image. An empirical model based on velocity of flow, depth of flow, and inundation depth has been proposed to assess waterlogging hazard in pre monsoon, monsoon, and post monsoon period. Landsat TM images for the years 1989, 2000, and 2011 were analyzed by using Geoinformatics including GIS and remote sensing techniques to quantify the water hazard...
March 19, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Casey M Rebholz, Bing Yu, Zihe Zheng, Patrick Chang, Adrienne Tin, Anna Köttgen, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Josef Coresh, Eric Boerwinkle, Elizabeth Selvin
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Metabolomic profiling offers the potential to reveal metabolic pathways relevant to the pathophysiology of diabetes and improve diabetes risk prediction. METHODS: We prospectively analysed known metabolites using an untargeted approach in serum specimens from baseline (1987-1989) and incident diabetes through to 31 December 2015 in a subset of 2939 Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study participants with metabolomics data and without prevalent diabetes...
March 20, 2018: Diabetologia
Nina Hautala, Mira Siiskonen, Virva Hannula, Kaisu Järvinen, Aura Falck
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the visual function and the ophthalmic status of young Finnish adults with long duration of type 1 diabetes in relation to the history of the metabolic control. METHODS: A population-based cohort of children with type 1 diabetes examined in the Northern Ostrobothnia hospital district in 1989 (n = 216) was re-examined 18 years later. High-contrast visual acuity (best-corrected visual acuity), contrast sensitivity, refractive error, lens status, intraocular pressure, stage of diabetic retinopathy and received treatments were evaluated...
March 1, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Mingguo Zheng
Sediment rating curves have long been used as a tool for predicting sediment yield. In this study, the spatial and temporal variations of rating curves were examined in the loess area (~15,000km2 ) of the Wuding River basin of the Chinese Loess Plateau. Data of mean daily water discharge per unit area, Qd (m3 s-1 km2 ), and mean daily sediment discharge per unit area, SDd (kgs-1 km2 ), were compiled for three periods of 1959-1971, 1972-1989, and 2006-2013. Soil conservation measures were rarely implemented for the pre-1971 period but were intensively implemented for the latter periods...
March 3, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Boris Gass, Emilie Marrer, Simona Bara, Karine Ligier, Florence Molinié, Marc Colonna, Laetitia Daubisse-Marliac, Brigitte Trétarre, Bénédicte Lapôtre-Ledoux, Anne-Sophie Woronoff, Anne-Valérie Guizard, Véronique Bouvier, Xavier Troussard, Christian Gaiddon, Delphine Klein, Michel Velten, Jérémie Jégu
PURPOSE: To analyze trends in second primary cancer (SPC) incidence by using a case-mix approach to standardize on first cancer site distribution. METHODS: Cases registered by 13 French cancer registries between 1989 and 2010 and followed-up until June 2013 were included. The person-year approach was used to compute standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) of metachronous SPC. Usual SIRs and cancer site-specific weighted SIRs called "case-mix SIRs" (cmSIRs) were estimated by sex and calendar period of first cancer diagnosis...
February 15, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
Catherine Delves-Yates, Andrea Stockl, Jenny Moore
BACKGROUND: Concept analysis is frequently the first step novice nurse researchers take when beginning their work. However, the value of concept analysis in generating theory is debated, and although there are many models researchers can use, few provide guidance for applying them or overviews of their philosophical underpinnings. AIM: To share learning about challenges encountered when undertaking concept analysis and to present an adaptation of Rodgers ( 1989 ) model created to overcome these...
March 16, 2018: Nurse Researcher
Camillia K Lui, Nina Mulia
Aims: Alcohol problems are most prevalent in young adulthood and decrease thereafter, but some studies find that racial/ethnic minorities have elevated alcohol risk beyond the 20s. This study examines racial/ethnic differences in the transitions into and out of alcohol problems, and whether these are explained by heavy drinking (HD), socioeconomic disadvantages and adult role transitions from the 20s to 30s. Short summary: Racial/ethnic groups had similar risks for earlier onset and recurrence/persistence of alcohol problems, but Blacks were at significantly greater risk than Whites for later onset in the 30s...
March 13, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
Chengshuai Yang, Shunyao Shen, Jingyang Wu, Shilei Zhang
Mandibular reconstruction after partial or subtotal resection is considered a challenging procedure that is crucial for facial contour and function. Many reports regarding the reconstruction of mandibular defects have been published over the years. The fibula free flap has become a popular option for mandibular reconstruction since its introduction by Hidalgo in 1989. However, the locations of the reconstructed mandibular angle and the condyle of the fibular bone segments play a crucial role in facial symmetry and function...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Christian Herrmann, Penelope Vounatsou, Beat Thürlimann, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Christian Rothermundt, Silvia Ess
INTRODUCTION: In the past decades, mortality due to breast cancer has declined considerably in Switzerland and other developed countries. The reasons for this decline remain controversial as several factors occurred almost simultaneously, including important advances in treatment approaches, breast cancer awareness and the introduction of mammography screening programmes in many European countries. In Switzerland, mammography screening programmes (MSPs) have existed in some regions for over 20 years but do not yet exist in others...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
H Nassan, R S Dawe, H Moseley, S H Ibbotson
Background The Scottish Photobiology Service is the national referral pathway for patients with cutaneous photosensitivity diseases in Scotland. We reviewed the pattern of diagnosis of photosensitivity diseases and investigations performed between 1989 and 2015. Methods and Results Data were collected from the Photodiagnostic Database, annual reports and paper records. The total number of patients assessed each year was stable over the period studied (median 242 [range 231-266]), with most being new patients (median 69 [range 62-73]%)...
December 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Tiong Y Lim, Enoka Gonsalkorala, Mary D Cannon, Stella Gabeta, Leonie Penna, Nigel D Heaton, Michael A Heneghan
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation (LT) is a successful treatment for both acute liver failure and end-stage liver disease. The number of women of reproductive age undergoing LT is increasing. Pregnancy outcomes are favourable but there is still a lack of prognostic markers. We aimed to identify factors predictive of adverse pregnancy outcomes in LT recipients. METHODS: An analysis of all pregnancies occurring in LT recipients from 1989-2016 at King's College Hospital was performed...
March 14, 2018: Liver Transplantation
Clarence S Yah, Geoffrey S Simate, Percy Hlangothi, Benesh M Somai
Objective: The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is among the utmost destructive viruses humankind has ever faced in almost four decades. It carries with it profound socioeconomic and public health implications. Unfortunately, there is, currently, no effective cure for HIV infections. This review discusses the various types of condoms, microbicides, and the potential use of nanoparticle-coated condoms as a means of diminishing the risk of HIV transmission and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) during sexual intercourse...
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
Joseph B Cantey, Kelsey R Anderson, Ram R Kalagiri, Lea H Mallett
BACKGROUND: Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are the most common cause of late-onset sepsis in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and usually require vancomycin treatment. Our objective was to determine whether CoNS are associated with neonatal morbidity and mortality. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW, ≤ 1500 g) infants from 1989 to 2015. Exclusion criteria were major congenital anomaly or death within 72 h...
March 13, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
M Chen, M H Jia, Y L Ma, H B Luo, H C Chen, C J Yang, J Dai, L Yang, L J Dong, R Lu, L J Song, Y Han, J Y Lu, A K L Cheung, Z W Chen, L Lu
Multiple human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 genotypes in China were first discovered in Yunnan Province before disseminating throughout the country. As the HIV-1 epidemic continues to expand in Yunnan, genetic characteristics and transmitted drug resistance (TDR) should be further investigated among the recently infected population. Among 2828 HIV-positive samples newly reported in the first quarter of 2014, 347 were identified as recent infections with BED-captured enzyme immunoassay (CEIA). Of them, 291 were successfully genotyped and identified as circulating recombinant form (CRF)08_BC (47...
March 14, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
Christopher C Patterson, Stefan Blankenberg, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Luke Heslop, Anthony Bayer, Gordon Lowe, Tanja Zeller, John Gallacher, Ian Young, John W G Yarnell
Objective: To examine the long-term predictive value of 28 biomarkers for subsequent non-ischaemic congestive heart failure (CHF) and separately for other cardiovascular outcomes (myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke). Methods: The Caerphilly Prospective Study recruited 2171 men aged 55-69 years from the general population in 1989-1993; men were screened for evidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and followed for clinical cardiovascular events. Fasting blood samples were stored at -70°C until assayed for novel biomarkers in 2010-2013...
2018: Open Heart
Karel D Capek, Linda E Sousse, Gabriel Hundeshagen, Charles D Voigt, Oscar E Suman, Celeste C Finnerty, Kristofer Jennings, David N Herndon
BACKGROUND: The standard of burn treatment today reflects major advances. We sought to quantitate the impact of these advances on burn survival via age-stratified mortality ratios compared with other reported mortality analyses in burns. STUDY DESIGN: Age, percent of the total body surface area (TBSA) burned, presence of inhalation injury, length of stay, and survival status were recorded at admission and at discharge for all new burn admissions between 1989 and 2017...
February 23, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Ehab S Eshak, Hiroyasu Iso, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Koutatsu Maruyama, Mitsumasa Umesawa, Akiko Tamakoshi
Several studies have related cardiovascular disease (CVD) to serum concentrations of copper and zinc but not to their dietary intakes. We thought to examine the association between dietary intakes of copper and zinc with risk of mortality from CVD in a prospective study encompassing 58,646 healthy Japanese men and women aged 40-79 years. The intakes of copper and zinc were determined by a validated self-administered food frequency questionnaire, and their associations with risk of mortality from CVD were evaluated by Cox proportional hazard modelling...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Emma Slaymaker, Estelle McLean, Alison Wringe, Clara Calvert, Milly Marston, Georges Reniers, Chodziwadziwa Whiteson Kabudula, Amelia Crampin, Alison Price, Denna Michael, Mark Urassa, Daniel Kwaro, Maquins Sewe, Jeffrey W Eaton, Rebecca Rhead, Jessica Nakiyingi-Miiro, Tom Lutalo, Dorean Nabukalu, Kobus Herbst, Victoria Hosegood, Basia Zaba
Timely progression of people living with HIV (PLHIV) from the point of infection through the pathway from diagnosis to treatment is important in ensuring effective care and treatment of HIV and preventing HIV-related deaths and onwards transmission of infection.  Reliable, population-based estimates of new infections are difficult to obtain for the generalised epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa.  Mortality data indicate disease burden and, if disaggregated along the continuum from diagnosis to treatment, can also reflect the coverage and quality of different HIV services...
November 6, 2017: Gates Open Res
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