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Satoshi Makita, Kenitiro Kaneko, Yasuyuki Ono, Hiroo Uchida
PURPOSE: We aimed to identify the risk factors for thoracic and spinal deformities following lung resection during childhood and to elucidate whether thoracoscopic surgery reduces the risk of complications after lung resection. METHODS: We retrospectively examined the medical records of all pediatric patients who underwent lung resection for congenital lung disease at our institution between 1989 and 2014. RESULTS: Seventy-four patients underwent lung resection during the study period and were followed-up...
October 25, 2016: Surgery Today
Maxwell S Barnish, Nara Tagiyeva, Graham Devereux, Lorna Aucott, Steve Turner
BACKGROUND: Childhood asthma is a common condition whose prevalence is changing. We hypothesised that the relationship between asthma and associated risk factors has changed over a 50-year period. METHODS: An ecological study design was used. Children aged 8-13 attending schools in Aberdeen city were surveyed on seven occasions between 1964 and 2014. The following were determined: history of asthma, history of eczema, parental smoking, parental asthma, sex and socioeconomic status...
October 25, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
S Ram Kumar, Grace Kung, Nathan Noh, Novel Castillo, Brian Fagan, Winfield J Wells, Vaughn A Starnes
BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that neonates in profound cardiogenic shock caused by a severe Ebstein anomaly can be successfully salvaged with fenestrated right ventricular exclusion and systemic to pulmonary shunt (modified Starnes procedure). The long-term outcome of single-ventricle management in these patients is not known. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients who underwent neonatal Starnes procedure between 1989 and 2015. Patient demographics, clinical variables, and outcome data were collected...
October 25, 2016: Circulation
Sameera Khan, Reza Hamedy, Yuejuan Lei, Rikke S Ogawa, Shane N White
INTRODUCTION: Anxiety is an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts, and physical changes. Dental anxiety has been associated with pain, fear, care avoidance, and more invasive treatments including nonsurgical root canal treatment (NSRCT). The very words root canal are deeply embedded in societal consciousness. Better understanding of dental anxiety may prevent treatment avoidance. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of NSRCT-associated anxiety...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Melanie J Lewis, Rose Ellis, Sunil K Adusumilli, Ian Cameron
INTRODUCTION: The New South Wales Rural Resident Medical Officer Cadetship Program began in 1988 as a strategy to increase the numbers of junior doctors in rural hospitals. This article outlines the results of an evaluation undertaken in 2014. Specifically, it will look at where former cadets who entered the program between 1989 and 2010 were working in 2014, what training programs they chose and their attitudes toward the program. METHOD: Data were collected using a semi-structured questionnaire sent to all the former cadets who entered the program from 1989 until 2010...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
María Luján Cuestas
Since the British scientist Michael Houghton along with George Kuo, Qui-Lim Choo (Chiron Corporation Emeryville), and Daniel W. Bradley (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) co-discovered the causative agent of hepatitis C in 1989, so much progress has been made for the screening of blood donors and management of this chronic liver disease. In this regard, direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) have emerged as the potential "cure" of this slowly progressing and devastating disease. However, improvements are still clearly required since the anti-hepatitis C drugs currently available in the market are so extremely expensive (i...
October 19, 2016: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Nicolas Coant, Wataru Sakamoto, Cungui Mao, Yusuf A Hannun
Over the past three decades, extensive research has been able to determine the biologic functions for the main bioactive sphingolipids, namely ceramide, sphingosine, and sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) (Hannun, 1996; Hannun et al., 1986; Okazaki et al., 1989). These studies have managed to define the metabolism, regulation, and function of these bioactive sphingolipids. This emerging body of literature has also implicated bioactive sphingolipids, particularly S1P and ceramide, as key regulators of cellular homeostasis...
October 11, 2016: Advances in Biological Regulation
Sobia F Ali-Faisal, Tracey J F Colella, Naomi Medina-Jaudes, Lisa Benz Scott
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of patient navigation (PN) on healthcare utilization outcomes using meta-analysis and the quality of evidence. METHODS: Medical and social science databases were searched for randomized controlled trials published in English between 1989 and May 2015. The review process was guided by PRISMA. Included studies were assessed for quality using the Downs and Black tool. Data were extracted to assess the effect of navigation on: health screening rates, diagnostic resolution, cancer care follow-up treatment adherence, and attendance of care events...
October 17, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
Satoshi Komoto, Yaowapa Pongsuwanna, Ratana Tacharoenmuang, Ratigorn Guntapong, Tomihiko Ide, Kyoko Higo-Moriguchi, Takao Tsuji, Tetsushi Yoshikawa, Koki Taniguchi
Bovine group A rotavirus (RVA) is an important cause of acute diarrhea in calves worldwide. In order to obtain precise information on the origin and evolutionary dynamics of bovine RVA strains, we determined and analyzed the complete nucleotide sequences of the whole genomes of six archival bovine RVA strains; four Thai strains (RVA/Cow-tc/THA/A5-10/1988/G8P[1], RVA/Cow-tc/THA/A5-13/1988/G8P[1], RVA/Cow-tc/THA/61A/1989/G10P[5], and RVA/Cow-tc/THA/A44/1989/G10P[11]), one American strain (RVA/Cow-tc/USA/B223/1983/G10P[11]), and one Japanese strain (RVA/Cow-tc/JPN/KK3/1983/G10P[11])...
November 15, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
C T Lau, A Kan, N Shek, P Tam, K K Y Wong
BACKGROUND: Congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) is an increasingly recognized disease with potential mortality. Owing to limited published studies, the true incidence is yet to be determined. We carried out this prospective study with the aim to estimate its true incidence on a population basis. METHODS: An antenatal ultrasonography program was implemented since 2009. Fetuses with suspected intra-thoracic lesions were monitored by regular follow-ups...
October 21, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
Daniel Esler, Brenda E Ballachey, Lizabeth Bowen, A Keith Miles, Rian D Dickson, John D Henderson
The authors quantified hepatic hydrocarbon-inducible cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) expression, as ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) activity, in wintering harlequin ducks (Histrionicus histrionicus) captured in Prince William Sound, Alaska, during 2011, 2013, and 2014 (22 to 25 years following the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill). EROD activity was compared between birds from areas oiled by the spill and those from nearby unoiled areas. This work replicated studies conducted from 1998 to 2009 that demonstrated harlequin ducks using areas that were oiled in 1989 had elevated EROD activity, indicative of oil exposure, up to 2 decades post-spill...
October 20, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Dale Ding, Zhiyuan Xu, Han-Hsun Shih, Robert M Starke, Chun-Po Yen, Or Cohen-Inbar, Jason P Sheehan
BACKGROUND: Incompletely obliterated cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) after initial treatment with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) can be treated with a repeat session of SRS. However, the relative efficacy of repeat vs initial SRS is not well specified. OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively compare in matched cohorts the outcomes of repeat vs initial SRS for the treatment of matched cohorts with angioarchitecturally similar AVMs. METHODS: We studied a data set of patients with AVM treated with radiosurgery during the period spanning 1989 to 2013...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
Ludger Gerdesmeyer, Munjed Al Muderis, Hans Gollwitzer, Norbert Harrasser, Martin Stukenberg, Maria-Angela Clifford, Andreas Toepfer
BACKGROUND: Cementless fixation of total hip arthroplasties (THAs) is often favored in young, high-demanding patients due to the conservation of valuable bone-stock and easier revision if loosening has occurred. Long-term outcome data of the spongy metal structured implant used in the present study in patients younger than 65 years are still lacking. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review and functional investigation (Merle d'Aubigné score, SF-12) of patients younger than 65 years at implantation treated with a spongy metal structured THA (n = 79) from one orthopedic university center from 1985 to 1989...
October 18, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Shao-Yuan Chuang, Hao-Ming Cheng, Bak-Sau Yip, Wen-Harn Pan, Chen-Huan Chen
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the association between visit-to-visit blood pressure variability (BPV) and future cognitive dysfunction in an elderly population. DESIGN AND METHOD: The Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors two-Township study (CVDFACTS) was a longitudinal cohort study and the first wave survey was established during 1989-1991 and four waves of survey were carried out between 1992 and 2002. The on-going sixth wave survey was started in 2015. A total of 320 seniors aged more than 60 years participated in the sixth wave survey and received the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) to evaluate the global cognitive function in 2015...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Jianjun Mu, Chao Chu, Dan Wang, Tongshuai Guo, Yang Wang, Fan Yang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between childhood risk factors and long-term arterial stiffness. DESIGN AND METHOD: A baseline survey was carried out in 4623 school children aged 6-15 years in rural areas of Hanzhong city, Shaanxi in 1987. According to three measurements of systolic blood pressure (SBP) in 1987,1989 and 1992, high blood pressure group (HBP group) was defined as SBP ≥ 75 percentile at same age and gender, with SBP < 50 percentile as normal blood pressure group (NBP group)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Meghan K Cain, Zhiyong Zhang, Ke-Hai Yuan
Nonnormality of univariate data has been extensively examined previously (Blanca et al., Methodology: European Journal of Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, 9(2), 78-84, 2013; Miceeri, Psychological Bulletin, 105(1), 156, 1989). However, less is known of the potential nonnormality of multivariate data although multivariate analysis is commonly used in psychological and educational research. Using univariate and multivariate skewness and kurtosis as measures of nonnormality, this study examined 1,567 univariate distriubtions and 254 multivariate distributions collected from authors of articles published in Psychological Science and the American Education Research Journal...
October 17, 2016: Behavior Research Methods
Alison Kretser, Delia Murphy, Johanna Dwyer
Scientific integrity is at the forefront of the scientific research enterprise. This paper provides an overview of key existing efforts on scientific integrity by federal agencies, foundations, nonprofit organizations, professional societies, and academia from 1989 to April 2016. It serves as a resource for the scientific community on scientific integrity work and helps to identify areas in which more action is needed. Overall, there is tremendous activity in this area and there are clear linkages among the efforts of the five sectors...
January 2, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Denghai Mi, Weiwei Ren, Kehu Yang
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The effectiveness of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and induced killer cells for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is controversial. This study evaluates the efficacy and safety of interleukin-2 and induced killer cells on NSCLC, so as to provide references for further clinical practice and research. METHODS: Relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were searched in Cochrane library (Issue 2, 2013), Web of Science (1980-March 2013), PubMed (1966-March 2013), China Knowledge Resource Integrated database (CNKI) (1994-March 2013), China Biology Medicine database (CBM) (1978-March 2013), VIP (1989-March 2013), and Wan Fang databases (1997-March 2013)...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
C Steingröver, N Wattie, J Baker, J Schorer
BACKGROUND: Relative age effects (RAEs) typically favour older members within a cohort; however, research suggests that younger players may experience some long-term advantages, such as longer career length. The purposes of this study were to replicate previous findings on RAEs among National Hockey League (NHL) ice hockey players, National Basketball Association (NBA) basketball players and National Football League (NFL) football players and to investigate the influence of relative age on career length in all three sports...
December 2016: Sports Medicine—Open
Maria Tølbøll Glavind, Axel Forman, Linn Håkonsen Arendt, Karsten Nielsen, Tine Brink Henriksen
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between endometriosis and risk of pre-eclampsia, cesarean section, postpartum hemorrhage, preterm birth, and small for gestational age (SGA), in a large Danish birth cohort, while taking fertility treatment into account. DESIGN: Population-based study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): A total population of 82,793 singleton pregnancies from the Aarhus Birth Cohort (1989 through 2013); 1,213 women had a diagnosis of endometriosis, affecting 1,719 pregnancies...
October 12, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
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