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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785559/childbirth-after-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-a-population-based-study
#1
Hazel B Nichols, Chelsea Anderson, Kathryn J Ruddy, Kristin Z Black, Barbara Luke, Stephanie M Engel, Jennifer E Mersereau
PURPOSE: Annually, > 45,000 US women are diagnosed with cancer during adolescence and young adulthood (AYA). Since 2006, national guidelines have recommended fertility counseling for cancer patients. We examined childbirth after AYA cancer by calendar period, cancer diagnosis, and maternal characteristics. METHODS: We identified a cohort of women with an incident invasive AYA cancer diagnosis at ages 15-39 during 2000-2013 in North Carolina. Cancer records were linked with statewide birth certificates through 2014...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782820/onchocerciasis-prevalence-human-migration-and-risks-for-onchocerciasis-elimination-in-the-upper-mouhoun-nakamb%C3%A3-and-nazinon-river-basins-in-burkina-faso
#2
Achille S Nikièma, Lassane Koala, Rory J Post, Alain B Paré, Claude Montant Kafando, François Drabo, Adrien M G Belem, Roch K Dabiré, Soungalo Traoré
Historically, the whole of Burkina Faso was considered to be endemic for onchocerciasis (except a small area in the far north of the country) with prevalence rates 60-80%, but all endemic areas were included in the World Health Organisation Onchocerciasis Control Programme, which operated a system of vector control by larviciding beginning in 1974. In Burkina Faso larviciding had been phased out by 1989 when it was considered that onchocerciasis had been reduced to levels below the transmission breakpoint (and any residual infections would disappear without further intervention)...
May 18, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781853/the-use-of-pedicled-perforator-flaps-in-chest-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-of-outcomes-and-reliability
#3
Anne-Sophie Florczak, Benoit Chaput, Christian Herlin, Pascal Rousseau, Eric Watier, Nicolas Bertheuil
BACKGROUND: In recent years, pedicled perforator flaps have revolutionized plastic surgery by reducing donor site morbidity and ensuring larger and deeper reconstructions with local pedicled cutaneous flaps. The aim of the study was to make a systematic review of perforator pedicled propeller flaps (PPPFs) in chest reconstruction. METHODS: Pubmed and Cochrane databases were searched from 1989 to October 2016 for articles describing the use of PPPFs in chest reconstruction...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781378/art-attrition-across-health-facilities-implementing-option-b-in-haiti
#4
Martine Pamphile Myrtil, Nancy Puttkammer, Stephen Gloyd, Julia Robinson, Krista Yuhas, Jean Wysler Domercant, Jean Guy Honoré, Kesner Francois
BACKGROUND: Describing factors related to high attrition is important in order to improve the implementation of the Option B+ strategy in Haiti. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to describe the variability of antiretroviral therapy (ART) retention across health facilities among pregnant and lactating women and assess for differences in ART retention between Option B+ clients and other ART patients. RESULTS: There were 1989 Option B+ clients who initiated ART in 45 health facilities...
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781219/disentangling-the-effects-of-acidic-air-pollution-atmospheric-co-2-and-climate-change-on-recent-growth-of-red-spruce-trees-in-the-central-appalachian-mountains
#5
Justin M Mathias, Richard B Thomas
In the 45 years after legislation of the Clean Air Act, there has been tremendous progress in reducing acidic air pollutants in the eastern United States, yet limited evidence exists that cleaner air has improved forest health. Here, we investigate the influence of recent environmental changes on the growth and physiology of red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) trees, a key indicator species of forest health, spanning three locations along a 100 km transect in the Central Appalachian Mountains. We incorporated a multiproxy approach using 75-year tree ring chronologies of basal tree growth, carbon isotope discrimination (∆13 C, a proxy for leaf gas exchange), and δ15 N (a proxy for ecosystem N status) to examine tree and ecosystem level responses to environmental change...
May 20, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778620/-factors-associated-with-non-conversion-of-the-direct-smear-after-the-initial-phase-of-anti-tuberculous-treatment-a-study-undertaken-in-three-tuberculosis-management-centres-in-south-benin
#6
G Agodokpessi, A P Wachinou, B Awanou, M Gninafon
The objective of this work was to describe the profile of routinely managed tuberculosis patients whose sputum smear did not become negative after the initial phase of anti-tuberculous treatment and to analyze the factors associated with this. With this aim a cross-sectional, retrospective, descriptive and analytical study was carried out in a population of adults with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) between 2013 and 2014 in three cities in southern Benin (Cotonou, Porto-Novo and Abomey). The data of the patients who did not convert (PTB +) were compared with those who did (PTB-)...
May 16, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778396/how-effective-are-approaches-to-migrant-screening-for-infectious-diseases-in-europe-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Farah Seedat, Sally Hargreaves, Laura B Nellums, Jing Ouyang, Michael Brown, Jon S Friedland
Rates of migration to Europe, and within Europe, have increased in recent years, with considerable implications for health systems. Migrants in Europe face a disproportionate burden of tuberculosis, HIV, and hepatitis B and C, yet experience a large number of barriers to accessing statutory health care on arrival. A better understanding of how to deliver effective and cost-effective screening, vaccination, and health services to this group is now crucial. We did a systematic review to document and assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of approaches used for infectious diseases screening, and to explore facilitators and barriers experienced by migrants to accessing screening programmes...
May 16, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777886/stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-high-grade-intracranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas
#8
Ching-Jen Chen, Thomas J Buell, Joshua Diamond, Dale Ding, Jeyan S Kumar, Davis G Taylor, Cheng-Chia Lee, Jason P Sheehan
OBJECTIVE: Factors associated with favorable outcome following stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) with cortical venous reflux (CVR) are incompletely understood. The aim of this retrospective cohort study is to assess the outcomes after SRS for high-grade DAVFs and identify predictors. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of consecutive patients with high-grade DAVFs, defined as the presence of CVR, who underwent SRS between 1989 and 2017...
May 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774511/emerging-lingo-cultural-inequality-in-infant-autopsy-in-quebec-canada
#9
Nathalie Auger, Marianne Bilodeau-Bertrand, André Costopoulos
We investigated trends in infant autopsy for Francophones and Anglophones in Quebec, Canada. Using death certificates, we extracted 8214 infant deaths between 1989 and 2013. We computed rates of non-autopsy by language, socioeconomic disadvantage, age at death, and period. Using Kitagawa's method, we decomposed non-autopsy rates over time for both language groups. Infant non-autopsy rates increased from 38.6 to 56.2 per 100 for Francophones, and from 41.2 to 57.2 per 100 for Anglophones, between 1989-1995 and 2008-2013...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773769/weathering-us-cuba-political-storms-jos%C3%A3-rubiera-phd-cuba-s-chief-weather-forecaster
#10
Gail Reed
Full disclosure: chief weather forecaster is not his official title, but rather one affectionally conferred on Dr Rubiera by the Cuban people, who look to him not only in times of peril, but also to learn about the science of meteorology. Anyone who has taken a taxi in Cuba during hurricane season (June 1 to November 30), and bothered to ask the driver, will receive a clear explanation about how hurricanes are formed, what the Saffir-Simpson scale is all about, and how the season is shaping up-all courtesy of Dr Rubiera's talent for communication during nightly weather forecasts and special broadcasts...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771552/direct-and-conceptual-replications-of-the-taxometric-analysis-of-type-a-behavior
#11
Michael P Wilmot, Nick Haslam, Jingyuan Tian, Deniz S Ones
We present direct and conceptual replications of the influential taxometric analysis of Type A Behavior (TAB; Strube, 1989), which reported evidence for the latent typology of the construct. Study 1, the direct replication (N = 2,373), duplicated sampling and methodological procedures of the original study, but results showed that the item indicators used in the original study lacked sufficient validity to unambiguously determine latent structure. Using improved factorial subscale indicators to further test the question, multiple taxometric procedures, in combination with parallel analyses of simulated data, failed to replicate the original typological finding...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767620/quantile-regression-analysis-of-language-and-interpregnancy-interval-in-quebec-canada
#12
Nathalie Auger, Lucien Lemieux, Marianne Bilodeau-Bertrand, Amadou Diogo Barry, André Costopoulos
INTRODUCTION: Short and long interpregnancy intervals are associated with adverse perinatal outcomes such as miscarriage and preterm delivery, but cultural differences in interpregnancy intervals are understudied. Identifying cultural inequality in interpregnancy intervals is necessary to improve maternal-child outcomes. We assessed interpregnancy intervals for Anglophones and Francophones in Quebec. METHODS: We obtained birth records for all infants born in Quebec, 1989-2011...
May 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765698/the-epidemiology-of-hepatitis-c-virus-in-pakistan-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#13
Zaina Al Kanaani, Sarwat Mahmud, Silva P Kouyoumjian, Laith J Abu-Raddad
To characterize hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemiology in Pakistan and estimate the pooled mean HCV antibody prevalence in different risk populations, we systematically reviewed all available records of HCV incidence and/or prevalence from 1989 to 2016, as informed by the Cochrane Collaboration Handbook. This systematic review was reported following the PRISMA guidelines. Populations were classified into six categories based on the risk of exposure to HCV infection. Meta-analyses were performed using DerSimonian and Laird random-effects models with inverse variance weighting...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764888/assessment-of-thyroid-cancer-risk-associated-with-radiation-dose-from-personal-diagnostic-examinations-in-a-cohort-study-of-us-radiologic-technologists-followed-1983-2014
#14
Mark P Little, Hyeyeun Lim, Melissa C Friesen, Dale L Preston, Michele M Doody, Alice J Sigurdson, Gila Neta, Bruce H Alexander, Lienard A Chang, Elizabeth K Cahoon, Steven L Simon, Martha S Linet, Cari M Kitahara
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether personal medical diagnostic procedures over life, but particularly those associated with exposure in adulthood, were associated with increased thyroid cancer risk. DESIGN: Participants from the US Radiologic Technologists Study, a large, prospective cohort, were followed from the date of first mailed questionnaire survey completed during 1983-1989 to the earliest date of self-reported diagnosis of thyroid cancer or of any other cancer than non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) in any of three subsequent questionnaires up to the last in 2012-2014...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761891/processed-electroencephalogram-and-evoked-potential-techniques-for-amelioration-of-postoperative-delirium-and-cognitive-dysfunction-following-non-cardiac-and-non-neurosurgical-procedures-in-adults
#15
REVIEW
Yodying Punjasawadwong, Waraporn Chau-In, Malinee Laopaiboon, Sirivimol Punjasawadwong, Pathomporn Pin-On
BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium (POD) and postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) may complicate a patient's postoperative recovery in several ways. Monitoring of processed electroencephalogram (EEG) or evoked potential (EP) indices may prevent or minimize POD and POCD, probably through optimization of anaesthetic doses. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether the use of processed EEG or auditory evoked potential (AEP) indices (bispectral index (BIS), narcotrend index, cerebral state index, state entropy and response entropy, patient state index, index of consciousness, A-line autoregressive index, and auditory evoked potentials (AEP index)) as guides to anaesthetic delivery can reduce the risk of POD and POCD in non-cardiac surgical or non-neurosurgical adult patients undergoing general anaesthesia compared with standard practice where only clinical signs are used...
May 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761693/the-story-of-ever-diminishing-vehicle-tailpipe-emissions-as-observed-in-the-chicago-illinois-area
#16
Gary A Bishop, Molly J Haugen
The University of Denver has collected on-road fuel specific vehicle emissions measurements in the Chicago area since 1989. This nearly 30 year record illustrates the large reductions in light-duty vehicle tailpipe emissions and the remarkable improvements in emissions control durability to maintain low emissions over increasing periods of time. Since 1989 fuel specific carbon monoxide (CO) emissions have been reduced by an order of magnitude and hydrocarbon (HC) emissions by more than a factor of 20. Nitric oxide (NO) emissions have only been collected since 1997 but have seen reductions of 79%...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760759/how-does-temperature-affect-functional-kleptoplasty-comparing-populations-of-the-solar-powered-sister-species-elysia-timida-risso-1818-and-elysia-cornigera-nuttall-1989-gastropoda-sacoglossa
#17
Elise Marie Jerschabek Laetz, Heike Wägele
Background: Despite widespread interest in solar-powered sea slugs (Sacoglossa: Gastropoda), relatively little is know about how they actually perform functional kleptoplasty. Sister-taxa Elysia timida and E. cornigera provide an ideal model system for investigating this phenomenon, since they feed on the same algal genus and only E. timida is capable of long-term kleptoplasty. Recent research has explored factors regarding functional kleptoplasty in E. timida , including their starvation longevity, digestive activity, autophagal response and photosynthetic efficiency under two different temperature conditions (18 °C and 21 °C)...
2018: Frontiers in Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755915/unusual-long-survival-with-a-giant-invasive-pheochromocytoma-of-an-incompatible-patient
#18
Asli Nar
Pheochromocytomas (PHEOs) are rare neuroendocrine tumors and about 2-13% of PHEOs are malignant. Predicting malignancy in PHEO cases with invasion but without metastasis is still controversial in the literature. This study presents an unusual long survival with a giant invasive PHEO in an incompatible patient and a review of the literature. In 1989, a 23-year-old female patient was operated for a giant adrenal mass with a pathological final diagnosis of PHEO. Information to the patient's family was provided about the short life span of the patient in the postoperative period because the tumor could not be totally resected...
March 13, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753411/solar-particle-event-storm-shelter-requirements-for-missions-beyond-low-earth-orbit
#19
REVIEW
L W Townsend, J H Adams, S R Blattnig, M S Clowdsley, D J Fry, I Jun, C D McLeod, J I Minow, D F Moore, J W Norbury, R B Norman, D V Reames, N A Schwadron, E J Semones, R C Singleterry, T C Slaba, C M Werneth, M A Xapsos
Protecting spacecraft crews from energetic space radiations that pose both chronic and acute health risks is a critical issue for future missions beyond low Earth orbit (LEO). Chronic health risks are possible from both galactic cosmic ray and solar energetic particle event (SPE) exposures. However, SPE exposures also can pose significant short term risks including, if dose levels are high enough, acute radiation syndrome effects that can be mission- or life-threatening. In order to address the reduction of short term risks to spaceflight crews from SPEs, we have developed recommendations to NASA for a design-standard SPE to be used as the basis for evaluating the adequacy of proposed radiation shelters for cislunar missions beyond LEO...
May 2018: Life Sciences in Space Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753323/leisure-time-physical-activity-in-9-to-11-year-old-children-born-moderately-preterm-a-cohort-study
#20
M Nordvall-Lassen, H K Hegaard, C Obel, M S Lindhard, M Hedegaard, T B Henriksen
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is one of the best documented activities with impacts on health in children and adults. Children born preterm show reduced physical and psychosocial function compared to children born at term. This may influence their level of physical activity. Reports on moderately preterm children's physical activities during childhood are limited. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the leisure time physical activity at age 9-11 years of moderately preterm children with that of children born at term...
May 12, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
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