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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331371/birth-weight-and-the-risk-of-histological-subtypes-of-ovarian-and-endometrial-cancers-results-from-the-copenhagen-school-health-records-register
#1
Britton Trabert, Julie Aarestrup, Lian G Ulrich, Nicolas Wentzensen, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Jennifer L Baker
BACKGROUND: Studies of birth weight associations with ovarian and endometrial cancer risks are limited with inconsistent results, and none has evaluated associations by histologic subtype. We utilized prospectively collected birth weight information to investigate the association with risk of ovarian and endometrial cancers overall and by histologic subtype. METHODS: 162,559 girls, born from 1930 to 1989, from the Copenhagen School Health Records Register (CSHRR) were followed prospectively via linkage with the Danish health registers...
January 10, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330674/advances-in-serological-imaging-techniques-and-molecular-diagnosis-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection
#2
REVIEW
Ali Rostami, Panagiotis Karanis, Shirzad Fallahi
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasmosis is worldwide distributed zoonotic infection disease with medical importance in immunocompromised patients, pregnant women and congenitally infected newborns. Having basic information on the traditional and new developed methods is essential for general physicians and infectious disease specialists for choosing a suitable diagnostic approach for rapid and accurate diagnosis of the disease and, consequently, timely and effective treatment. METHODS: We conducted English literature searches in PubMed from 1989 to 2016 using relevant keywords and summarized the recent advances in diagnosis of toxoplasmosis...
January 12, 2018: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327608/pregnancy-outcomes-of-women-with-spina-bifida
#3
Nathalie Auger, Laura Arbour, Mireille E Schnitzer, Jessica Healy-Profitós, Geneviève Nadeau, William D Fraser
PURPOSE: To assess the pregnancy outcomes of women with spina bifida. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed a population-based cohort of 397 pregnant women with spina bifida and 1,083,211 without spina bifida who delivered infants in hospitals in Quebec, Canada, 1989-2013. Outcomes included maternal and infant morbidity and mortality at delivery. We used log-binomial regression models to estimate prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association of maternal spina bifida with pregnancy outcomes, accounting for maternal characteristics...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327149/gestational-diabetes-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-up-to-25%C3%A2-years-after-pregnancy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Safyer McKenzie-Sampson, Gilles Paradis, Jessica Healy-Profitós, Frédérique St-Pierre, Nathalie Auger
AIMS: The risk of cardiovascular disease in women with gestational diabetes is poorly understood. We sought to determine whether gestational diabetes increases the risk of cardiovascular disease more than two decades after pregnancy. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective cohort study of 1,070,667 women who delivered infants in hospitals within Quebec, Canada, between 1989 and 2013. We followed 67,356 women with gestational diabetes and 1,003,311 without gestational diabetes for a maximum of 25...
January 11, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325330/-effects-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-on-upper-limb-motor-function-in-patients-with-stroke-a-meta-analysis
#5
H M Ling, T Tao, J Xu, D Xu
Objective: To perform a meta analysis of studies that investigated the effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on upper limb motor function in patients with stroke. Methods: We searched for related articles published before October 2015 in MEDLINE(Pubmed) (January 1966 to October 2015), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (October 2015), EMBASE(SCOPUS) (January 1974 to October 2015), Chinese Biomedical Database (CBMDisc) (January 1978 to October 2015), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) (January 1979 to October 2015) and Wanfang database(January 1989 to October 2015)...
December 19, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322198/association-of-cardiovascular-biomarkers-with-incident-heart-failure-with-preserved-and-reduced-ejection-fraction
#6
Rudolf A de Boer, Matthew Nayor, Christopher R deFilippi, Danielle Enserro, Vijeta Bhambhani, Jorge R Kizer, Michael J Blaha, Frank P Brouwers, Mary Cushman, Joao A C Lima, Hossein Bahrami, Pim van der Harst, Thomas J Wang, Ron T Gansevoort, Caroline S Fox, Hanna K Gaggin, Willem J Kop, Kiang Liu, Ramachandran S Vasan, Bruce M Psaty, Douglas S Lee, Hans L Hillege, Traci M Bartz, Emelia J Benjamin, Cheeling Chan, Matthew Allison, Julius M Gardin, James L Januzzi, Sanjiv J Shah, Daniel Levy, David M Herrington, Martin G Larson, Wiek H van Gilst, John S Gottdiener, Alain G Bertoni, Jennifer E Ho
Importance: Nearly half of all patients with heart failure have preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) as opposed to reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), yet associations of biomarkers with future heart failure subtype are incompletely understood. Objective: To evaluate the associations of 12 cardiovascular biomarkers with incident HFpEF vs HFrEF among adults from the general population. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study included 4 longitudinal community-based cohorts: the Cardiovascular Health Study (1989-1990; 1992-1993 for supplemental African-American cohort), the Framingham Heart Study (1995-1998), the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (2000-2002), and the Prevention of Renal and Vascular End-stage Disease study (1997-1998)...
January 10, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320475/warfare-and-wildlife-declines-in-africa-s-protected-areas
#7
Joshua H Daskin, Robert M Pringle
Large-mammal populations are ecological linchpins, and their worldwide decline and extinction disrupts many ecosystem functions and services. Reversal of this trend will require an understanding of the determinants of population decline, to enable more accurate predictions of when and where collapses will occur and to guide the development of effective conservation and restoration policies. Many correlates of large-mammal declines are known, including low reproductive rates, overhunting, and habitat destruction...
January 10, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316686/pharmacy-practice-and-education-in-romania
#8
Roxana Sandulovici, Constantin Mircioiu, Cristina Rais, Jeffrey Atkinson
The PHARMINE ("Pharmacy Education in Europe") project examined the organisation of pharmacy practice and education in the European Union (EU). An electronic survey was sent out to representatives of different sectors (community, hospital, industrial pharmacists, university staff, and students) in each individual EU member state. This paper presents the results of the PHARMINE survey on pharmacy practice and education in Romania. In the light of this data we examine to what extent harmonisation of practice and education with EU norms has occurred, whether this has promoted mobility of pharmacy professionals, academics and students, and what impact it has had on healthcare in Romania...
January 8, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314471/maternal-anemia-during-pregnancy-and-slightly-higher-risk-of-asthma-in-male-offspring
#9
Maijakaisa Harju, Juha Pekkanen, Seppo Heinonen, Leea Keski-Nisula
AIM: We aimed to determine whether maternal hemoglobin levels or anemia during pregnancy are associated with the development of asthma among offspring. METHODS: Data were retrieved from the birth register database of Kuopio University Hospital between 1989 and 2007 (n = 38 381). Hemoglobin levels were measured during three trimesters of pregnancy and anemia was defined according to the World Health Organization criteria. The prevalence of asthma was determined from the register of reimbursement for medication for asthma at the Finnish Social Security Institution...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313167/prenatal-exposure-to-chernobyl-fallout-in-norway-neurological-and-developmental-outcomes-in-a-25-year-follow-up
#10
Rolv Terje Lie, Dag Moster, Per Strand, Allen James Wilcox
Ionizing radiation at high doses early in life may cause neurodevelopmental problems. Possible effects of lower doses are, however, controversial. We use carefully collected exposure data for Norway following the Chernobyl accident in April 1986 combined with population-based registries to assess long-term effects of fetal exposure on neurodevelopmental outcomes. Radiation doses were estimated for each Norwegian municipality for each calendar month from May 1986 to April 1989. We established a cohort of all Norwegian pregnancies during the three-year period of radiation measurement and compared them with appropriate unexposed groups...
December 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311267/relationship-between-dietary-vitamin-d-and-deaths-from-stroke-and-coronary-heart-disease-the-japan-collaborative-cohort-study
#11
Haytham A Sheerah, Ehab S Eshak, Renzhe Cui, Hironori Imano, Hiroyasu Iso, Akiko Tamakoshi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is growing evidence about the importance of vitamin D for cardiovascular health. Therefore, we examined the relationship between dietary vitamin D intake and risk of mortality from stroke and coronary heart disease in Japanese population. METHODS: A prospective study encompassing 58 646 healthy Japanese adults (23 099 men and 35 547 women) aged of 40 to 79 years in whom dietary vitamin D intake was determined via a self-administered food frequency questionnaire...
January 8, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306873/a-critical-review-of-conscientious-objection-and-decriminalisation-of-abortion-in-chile
#12
Adela Montero, Raúl Villarroel
From 1989 through September 2017, Chile's highly restrictive abortion laws exposed women to victimisation and needlessly threatened their health, freedom and even lives. However, after decades of unsuccessful attempts to decriminalise abortion, legislation regulating pregnancy termination on three grounds was recently enacted. In the aftermath, an aggressive conservative drive designed to turn conscientious objection into a pivotal new obstacle, mounted during the congressional debate, has led to extensive, complex arguments about the validity and legitimacy of conscientious objection...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303780/clinical-and-cytogenetic-features-of-516-patients-with-suspected-turner-syndrome-a-single-center-experience
#13
Annelise B Carvalho, Sofia H V Lemos-Marini, Gil Guerra-Junior, Andréa T Maciel-Guerra
BACKGROUND: Clinical suspicion of Turner syndrome (TS) may be challenging. Short stature and absent puberty are not mandatory and the dysmorphic picture is widely variable. The aim of the study was to describe a representative sample of patients with suspected TS in a single center and to verify which set of features may help discriminate those with TS. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients with suspected TS evaluated between 1989 and 2012 with the same clinical and cytogenetic protocols...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302899/salivary-duct-carcinoma-and-invasive-ductal-carcinoma-of-the-breast-a-comparative-immunohistochemical-study
#14
Jalal B Jalaly, Souzan Sanati, Rebecca D Chernock, Dikson G Dibe, Samir K El-Mofty
Salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) is a high-grade salivary gland malignancy with great morphological resemblance to invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) of the breast. Rarely, female patients may have a past history of both SDC and IDC. When these patients present with distant metastasis, accurate identification of the primary tumor is particularly difficult. Additionally, rare metastasis of SDC to the breast and IDC to the salivary (parotid) gland can also present a diagnostic challenge. Our aim was to develop an immunohistochemical panel that reliably distinguishes SDC from IDC...
January 4, 2018: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302611/the-health-benefits-of-secondary-education-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-an-international-analysis-in-186-low-middle-and-high-income-countries-from-1990-to-2013
#15
Russell M Viner, Dougal S Hargreaves, Joseph Ward, Chris Bonell, Ali H Mokdad, George Patton
Background: The health benefits of secondary education have been little studied. We undertook country-level longitudinal analyses of the impact of lengthening secondary education on health outcomes amongst 15-24 year olds. Methods: Exposures: average length of secondary and primary education from 1980 to 2013.Data/Outcomes: Country level adolescent fertility rate (AFR), HIV prevalence and mortality rate from 1989/90 to 2013 across 186 low-, middle- and high-income countries...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301615/silent-myocardial-infarction-and-long-term-risk-of-heart-failure-the-aric-study
#16
Waqas T Qureshi, Zhu-Ming Zhang, Patricia P Chang, Wayne D Rosamond, Dalane W Kitzman, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Elsayed Z Soliman
BACKGROUND: Although silent myocardial infarction (SMI) accounts for about one-half of the total number of myocardial infarctions (MIs), the risk of heart failure (HF) among patients with SMI is not well established. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the association of SMI and clinically manifested myocardial infarction (CMI) with HF, as compared with patients with no MI. METHODS: This analysis included 9,243 participants from the ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities) study who were free of cardiovascular disease at baseline (ARIC visit 1: 1987 to 1989)...
January 2, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299679/modeling-and-improving-ethiopian-pasture-systems
#17
S G Parisi, G Cola, G Gilioli, L Mariani
The production of pasture in Ethiopia was simulated by means of a dynamic model. Most of the country is characterized by a tropical monsoon climate with mild temperatures and precipitation mainly concentrated in the June-September period (main rainy season). The production model is driven by solar radiation and takes into account limitations due to relocation, maintenance respiration, conversion to final dry matter, temperature, water stress, and nutrients availability. The model also considers the senescence of grassland which strongly limits the nutritional value of grasses for livestock...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299157/management-of-intrahepatic-recurrence-after-resection-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-exceeding-the-barcelona-clinic-liver-cancer-criteria
#18
Wei Xu, Rui Guo, Gang Xu, Lejia Sun, Dandan Hu, Haifeng Xu, Huayu Yang, Xinting Sang, Xin Lu, Yilei Mao
Background: Although patients with Barcelona clinic liver cancer stage B or C hepatocellular carcinoma derive survival benefit from hepatectomy, prognostic factors and management after curative resection are unclear. This study aims to evaluate predictive factors, therapy and prognosis of intra-hepatic recurrences after curative resection of Barcelona clinic liver cancer stage B or C hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 397 patients with Barcelona clinic liver cancer stage B or C hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent curative resections from January 1989 to October 2011...
December 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298458/changes-to-the-editorial-team-of-the-ijsm
#19
José Alberto Ramos Duarte
There have been some changes to the Board of Editors of the IJSM. Already this year, Prof. Donald Dengel of the University of Minnesota, USA, replaced editor Prof. Joseph Houmard, who had been with the journal since 2006 and chose to leave the team for professional reasons.Unfortunately, our Editor-in-Chief Prof. Appell Coriolano is fast approaching his retirement from academia and will also be leaving the IJSM editorial team. Hans-Joachim Appell Coriolano joined the Editorial Board of the IJSM in 1987 and accepted the position of Assistant Editor in 1989...
January 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297513/treatment-and-relative-survival-in-very-elderly-patients-with-dlbcl-in-the-netherlands-a-population-based-study-1989-to-2015
#20
COMMENT
Avinash G Dinmohamed, Djamila E Issa, Marjolein W M van der Poel, Harry C Schouten, Pieternella J Lugtenburg, Martine E D Chamuleau, Sonja Zweegman, Otto Visser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: Blood Advances
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