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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352622/anaesthesia-for-caesarean-section-in-a-patient-with-parkinson-s-disease
#1
V D Ward
Parkinson's disease is prevalent worldwide but mainly affects the elderly and is rarely seen in women of child-bearing age. The clinical signs and symptoms, the physiological changes of pregnancy, and drug interactions, pose unique challenges for the anaesthetic management of patients with Parkinson's disease who present for delivery. A 36-year-old primigravid woman at 36 weeks' gestation, with Parkinson's disease, presented for pre-anaesthesia assessment prior to elective caesarean section. Her Parkinson's disease had been diagnosed four years previously and was treated with Sinemet (levodopa/carbidopa) and pramipexole...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351159/the-physical-characteristics-by-sex-and-age-for-custody-assistants-from-a-law-enforcement-agency
#2
Robert G Lockie, Robin M Orr, Michael Stierli, Karly A Cesario, Matthew R Moreno, Ashley M Bloodgood, Joseph M Dulla, J Jay Dawes
Custody assistants (CAs) are a position within a law enforcement agency who are responsible for assisting officers with maintaining security in correctional facilities. Unlike other positions, CAs may not be required to complete physical testing prior to being hired. This lack of testing could influence the characteristics of CAs who attend academy training. Therefore, retrospective analysis of performance test data for 108 officers (69 males, 39 females) was conducted. The tests included: grip strength for both hands; number of push-ups and sit-ups in 60 seconds; 201 m (220 yard) and 2...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351158/physical-performance-measures-of-flexibility-hip-strength-lower-limb-power-and-trunk-endurance-in-healthy-navy-cadets-normative-data-and-differences-between-sex-and-limb-dominance
#3
Thiago Jambo Alves Lopes, Milena Simic, Daniel de Souza Alves, Priscila Dos Santos Bunn, Allan Inoue Rodrigues, Bruno de Souza Terra, Maicom da Silva Lima, Fabrício Miranda Ribeiro, Patrick Vilão, Evangelos Pappas
The objectives were to provide normative data on commonly used physical performance tests that may be associated with musculoskeletal injuries in Navy cadets, and assess for sex and limb dominance differences. A large cohort of Navy cadets were assessed for physical performance tests of flexibility (ankle dorsiflexion range of motion and sit and reach), isometric hip strength, lower limb power (single leg hop), and trunk endurance (plank and side plank tests). Besides providing normative data tables, sex and limb dominance differences were assessed by a two-way mixed ANOVA...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351127/four-months-of-wearing-a-balance-orthotic-improves-measures-of-balance-and-mobility-among-a-cohort-of-community-living-older-adults
#4
Sean Noah, Cynthia Gibson-Horn, Jennifer L Vincenzo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated that there were 29 million falls and 7 million injuries in 2014 in the United States. Falls, decreased balance, and mobility disability are common in older adults and often result in loss of independence. Finding interventions to address these issues is important, as this age group is growing exponentially. Prior studies indicate balance and mobility can be improved by the balance-based torso-weighting (BBTW) assessment implemented through wear of a balance orthotic (BO)...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350445/application-of-computer-aided-sperm-analysis-casa-for-detecting-sperm-immobilizing-antibody
#5
Yu Wakimoto, Atsushi Fukui, Teruhito Kojima, Akiko Hasegawa, Minoru Shigeta, Hiroaki Shibahara
PROBLEM: Since the 1970s, anti-sperm antibodies have been studied as a pathogenic factor contributing to infertility. The complement-dependent sperm-immobilization test (SIT) and quantitative SIT have been used as effective tools for detecting anti-sperm antibodies in clinical settings. These tests have been carried out traditionally by manually counting the number of motile sperm through eye estimation. METHOD OF STUDY: In this study, we developed a novel method using computer-aided sperm analysis...
January 19, 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349480/posture-modulates-the-sensitivity-of-the-h-reflex
#6
Serpil Cecen, Imran Khan Niazi, Rasmus Wiberg Nedergaard, Alice Cade, Kathryn Allen, Kelly Holt, Heidi Haavik, Kemal S Türker
The effect of body posture on the human soleus H-reflex via electrical stimulation of the tibial nerve at the popliteal fossa was studied. All parameters that may influence the reflex were controlled stringently. H-reflexes were elicited in three different body postures while keeping the level of background muscle activation to a minimum. The H-reflex curve relative to the M-wave curve did not change significantly in any of the body postures. However, the maximal H-reflex amplitude significantly increased in the prone position compared with the sitting (p = 0...
January 18, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348093/antifungal-and-cytotoxic-activities-of-selected-medicinal-plants-from-malaysia
#7
Yik Sin Chan, Yit Hong Cheah, Poh Zen Chong, Hui Lai Khor, Wen Siang Teh, Kong Soo Khoo, Hean Chooi Ong, Nam Weng Sit
This study was conducted to investigate the antifungal potential and cytotoxicity of selected medicinal plants from Malaysia. The extracts from the stem of Cissus quadrangularis and the leaves of Asplenium nidus, Pereskia bleo, Persicaria odorata and Sauropus androgynus were assayed against six fungi using p-iodonitrotetrazolium-based on colorimetric broth microdilution method. All the plant extracts were found to be fungicidal against at least one type of fungus. The strongest fungicidal activity (minimum fungicidal concentration=0...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347946/effects-of-long-term-balance-training-with-vibrotactile-sensory-augmentation-among-community-dwelling-healthy-older-adults-a-randomized-preliminary-study
#8
Tian Bao, Wendy J Carender, Catherine Kinnaird, Vincent J Barone, Geeta Peethambaran, Susan L Whitney, Mohammed Kabeto, Rachael D Seidler, Kathleen H Sienko
BACKGROUND: Sensory augmentation has been shown to improve postural stability during real-time balance applications. Limited long-term controlled studies have examined retention of balance improvements in healthy older adults after training with sensory augmentation has ceased. This pilot study aimed to assess the efficacy of long-term balance training with and without sensory augmentation among community-dwelling healthy older adults. METHODS: Twelve participants (four males, eight females; 75...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345543/physical-activity-and-sitting-time-are-specifically-associated-with-multiple-chronic-diseases-and-medicine-intake-in-brazilian-older-adults
#9
Alex S Ribeiro, Luiz C Pereira, Danilo R P Silva, Leandro Dos Santos, Brad J Schoenfeld, Denilson C Teixeira, Edilson S Cyrino, Dartagnan P Guedes
The purpose of the study was to clarify the independent association between sedentary behavior and physical activity with multiple chronic diseases and medicine intake in older individuals. Sedentary behavior and physical activity were measured by questionnaires. Diseases and medication use were self-reported. Poisson's regression was adopted for main analysis, through crude and adjusted prevalence ratio and confidence interval of 95%. For men, sedentary time >4 h/d presented a 76% higher prevalence of ≥2 chronic diseases, while physical inactivity increases the likelihood of make use of ≥2 medicines in 95%...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343219/the-preliminary-effect-of-whole-body-vibration-intervention-on-improving-the-skeletal-muscle-mass-index-physical-fitness-and-quality-of-life-among-older-people-with-sarcopenia
#10
Shu-Fang Chang, Pei-Chen Lin, Rong-Sen Yang, Rea-Jeng Yang
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that sarcopenia easily leads to difficulty moving, disability, and poor quality of life. However, researches on the use of whole-body vibration for older adults with sarcopenia living in institutions have been lacking. Therefore, the main objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of whole-body vibration intervention on improving the skeletal muscle mass index, physical fitness, and quality of life of older adults with sarcopenia living in institutions...
January 17, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343028/-pathogenesis-of-piriformis-syndrome-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-based-comparison-study
#11
Z F Huang, D S Yang, Z J Shi, J Xiao
Objective: To assess the morphological parameters of the piriformis muscle through magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) so as to further elucidate the pathogenesis of piriformis syndrome (PS). Methods: From September 2015 to October 2016, 30 suspected PS patients and 30 normal controls were enrolled in this study from the Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University. The possible causative factors of the PS in the patients were obtained, and the PS patients were divided into subgroups according to the anatomic site of the tender regions...
January 2, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342958/an-enhanced-method-to-estimate-heart-rate-from-seismocardiography-via-ensemble-averaging-of-body-movements-at-six-degrees-of-freedom
#12
Hyunwoo Lee, Hana Lee, Mincheol Whang
Continuous cardiac monitoring has been developed to evaluate cardiac activity outside of clinical environments due to the advancement of novel instruments. Seismocardiography (SCG) is one of the vital components that could develop such a monitoring system. Although SCG has been presented with a lower accuracy, this novel cardiac indicator has been steadily proposed over traditional methods such as electrocardiography (ECG). Thus, it is necessary to develop an enhanced method by combining the significant cardiac indicators...
January 15, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342286/the-ethics-of-general-population-preventive-genomic-sequencing-rights-and-social-justice
#13
Clair Morrissey, Rebecca L Walker
Advances in DNA sequencing technology open new possibilities for public health genomics, especially in the form of general population preventive genomic sequencing (PGS). Such screening programs would sit at the intersection of public health and preventive health care, and thereby at once invite and resist the use of clinical ethics and public health ethics frameworks. Despite their differences, these ethics frameworks traditionally share a central concern for individual rights. We examine two putative individual rights-the right not to know, and the child's right to an open future-frequently invoked in discussions of predictive genetic testing, in order to explore their potential contribution to evaluating this new practice...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341873/differences-in-heart-rate-reserve-of-similar-physical-activities-during-work-and-in-leisure-time-a-study-among-danish-blue-collar-workers
#14
Pieter Coenen, Mette Korshøj, David M Hallman, Maaike A Huysmans, Allard J van der Beek, Leon M Straker, Andreas Holtermann
Recent studies suggest that while leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) promotes general health, engaging in occupational physical activity (OPA) may have negative health consequences. It has been hypothesized that the different health effects from OPA and LTPA can be explained by differences in physical activity (PA) intensity in these two domains. To assess the intensity of OPA and LTPA, we aimed to study the percentage heart rate reserve (%HRR) during similar types of OPA and LTPA during workdays. Data from the NOMAD study on Danish blue-collar workers (n=124) with objective measurements of PA (using accelerometers) and heart rate (using heart rate monitors) for 4 workdays were analysed...
January 13, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340890/association-between-average-daily-television-viewing-time-and-the-incidence-of-ovarian-cancer-findings-from-the-japan-collaborative-cohort-study
#15
Shigekazu Ukawa, Akiko Tamakoshi, Mitsuru Mori, Satoyo Ikehara, Toru Shirakawa, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Hiroyasu Iso
PURPOSE: Seventy-five percent of epidemiological studies have reported that sedentary behavior is associated with ovarian cancer incidence. Although Japan has one of the most sedentary populations, with median sitting times of 7 h/day, this association has not been investigated. This study aimed to elucidate the association between average daily television (TV) viewing time, which is a major sedentary behavior, and the incidence of ovarian cancer in a large-scale nationwide cohort study in Japan...
January 16, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340778/successful-surgery-for-a-neuromuscular-scoliosis-patient-by-pulmonary-rehabilitation-with-forced-vital-capacity-below-30
#16
Kai Han, Yongqian Wang, Shangbin Cui, Caixia Xu, Peiqiang Su
A rare case of a 15-year-old male patient with neuromuscular scoliosis with forced vital capacity (FVC) below 30%, who went through a successful surgery without any pulmonary complications, is reported herein. The patient had obvious asymmetric shoulders and poor exercise tolerance. The Cobb's angle of the main thoracic curve was 62.8°, and FVC in sitting position was 18% of predictive value. After skull traction and pulmonary rehabilitation, the FVC was still below 30%, and he finally went through surgery under this serious condition...
January 16, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340715/postural-control-and-the-relation-with-cervical-sensorimotor-control-in-patients-with-idiopathic-adult-onset-cervical-dystonia
#17
J De Pauw, R Mercelis, A Hallemans, G Van Gils, S Truijen, P Cras, W De Hertogh
Cervical dystonia (CD) is a movement disorder characterized by involuntary muscle contractions leading to an abnormal head posture or movements of the neck. Dysfunctions in somatosensory integration are present and previous data showed enlarged postural sway in stance. Postural control during quiet sitting and the correlation with cervical sensorimotor control were investigated. Postural control during quiet sitting was measured via body sway parameters in 23 patients with CD, regularly receiving botulinum toxin treatment and compared with 36 healthy controls...
January 16, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340655/effect-of-dietary-synbiotic-supplement-on-behavioral-patterns-and-growth-performance-of-broiler-chickens-reared-under-heat-stress
#18
A A Mohammed, J A Jacobs, G R Murugesan, H W Cheng
This study examined the effects of a dietary synbiotic supplement on the behavioral patterns and growth performance of broiler chickens exposed to heat stress (HS). Three hundred sixty 1-day-old male Ross 708 broiler chicks were distributed among 24 floor pens (15 chicks per pen); each pen was randomly assigned to one of 3 dietary treatments containing a synbiotic at 0 (control), 0.5 (0.5X) and 1.0 (1.0X) g/kg. From d 15 to 42, birds were exposed to HS at 32°C daily from 08:00 to 17:00. Five broiler chickens were randomly marked in each pen for behavioral observation...
January 11, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338626/fitts-law-is-applicable-to-trunk-coordination-measurements-in-a-sitting-position
#19
Brenda E Groen, Viola C Altmann, Ruud W Verhagen, Yves C Vanlandewijck, Noël L W Keijsers
Trunk coordination is essential for many activities of daily living in wheelchair users. This study investigated whether Fitts' law is applicable to trunk movements in a sitting position. Fourteen healthy adults performed two series of 24 tasks of trunk flexion-extension movements in a sitting position. The results showed significant linear relationships between average group movement time (MT) and index of difficulty (ID) over all tasks (r2 = 0.92) and within target distances (0.94 < r2 < 1.00). Target distance affected intercept and slope (P < 0...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337023/the-effects-of-functional-training-bicycle-exercise-and-exergaming-on-walking-capacity-of-elderly-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-single-blinded-trial
#20
Daniel Dominguez Ferraz, Karen Valadares Trippo, Gabriel Pereira Duarte, Mansueto Gomes Neto, Kionna Oliveira Bernardes Santos, Jamary Oliveira Filho
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of functional training, bicycle exercise and exergaming on walking capacity of elderly with Parkinson disease (PD). DESIGN: A pilot randomized controlled single-blinded trial. SETTING: A State Reference Health Care Centre for Elderly, a public reference outpatient clinic for the elderly. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-two elderly individuals (≥60 years-old) with idiopathic PD (stage 2 to 3 of modified Hoehn and Yahr) according to the London Brain Bank...
January 11, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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