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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222582/anthropometric-and-performance-measures-to-study-talent-detection-in-youth-volleyball
#1
Giovanni Melchiorri, Valerio Viero, Tamara Triossi, Giuseppe Annino, Elvira Padua, Virginia Tancredi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work was to study anthropometric and performance measurements in 60 young male volleyball players (YV) and 60 youth not active in the sport (YNA) to assess which of these would be more useful to study the characteristics of potential performers. METHODS: Eight measures to assess anthropometric characteristics, six performance measures and two tests for joint mobility were used. Also relative age and level of maturation were assessed. RESULTS: The anthropometric variables, relative age and level of maturation measured did not show statistically significant differences between groups...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222557/effect-of-foot-placements-during-sit-to-stand-transition-on-timed-up-and-go-test-in-stroke-subjects-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Shreekanth D Karnad, Abraham M Joshua, Akshatha Nayak, B V Suresh, Prasanna Mithra, B Unnikrishnan
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Timed up and go (TUG) test is been used as a screening tool for the assessment of risk of falling in individuals following stroke. Though TUG test is a quick test, it has fair sensitivity compared to other tests. This study was carried out to obtain and compare test scores for different types of foot placements during sit to stand transition in stroke subjects. METHOD: A Cross-sectional study with purposive sampling included 28 post stroke subjects who were able to walk 6 meter with or without assistance...
February 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222555/effects-of-scapulohumeral-rehabilitation-protocol-on-trunk-control-recovery-in%C3%A2-patients-with-subacute-stroke-a%C3%A2-pilot%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Dell'Uomo Daniela, Morone Giovanni, Centrella Antonio, Paolucci Stefano, Caltagirone Carlo, Grasso Maria Grazia, Traballesi Marco, Iosa Marco
BACKGROUND: Despite upper limb rehabilitation is widely investigated in patients with stroke, the effects of rehabilitation of scapulohumeral on trunk stabillization are mainly unknown. OBJECTIVE: To test the effects of scapulohumeral rehabilitation protocol on trunk control recovery in patients with subacute stroke. METHODS: A pilot randomized controlled trial with two groups of 14 patients each one performing 20 minutes per day, 5 days a week, for 6 weeks in add on to standard therapy...
February 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222058/classifiers-for-accelerometer-measured-behaviors-in-older-women
#4
Dori Rosenberg, Suneeta Godbole, Katherine Ellis, Chongzhi DI, Andrea Lacroix, Loki Natarajan, Jacqueline Kerr
PURPOSE: Machine learning methods could better improve the detection of specific types of physical activities and sedentary behaviors from accelerometer data. No studies in older populations have developed and tested algorithms for walking and sedentary time in free-living daily life. Our goal was to rectify this gap by leveraging access to data from two studies in older women. METHODS: In study 1, algorithms were developed and tested in a sample of older women (N = 39, age range = 55-96 yr) in the field...
March 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220077/noninvasive-assessment-of-the-effect-of-position-and-exercise-on-pulse-arrival-to-peripheral-vascular-beds-in-healthy-volunteers
#5
Yurie Obata, Qi J Ong, J T Magruder, Helen Grichkevitch, Dan E Berkowitz, Daniel Nyhan, Jochen Steppan, Viachaslau Barodka
Background: The effects of position and exercise on pulse wave distribution across a healthy, compliant arterial tree are not fully understood. We studied the effects of exercise and position on the pattern of pulse arrival times (PATs) in healthy volunteers. Moreover, we compared the pulse arrival time ratios to the respective distance ratios between different locations. Methods: Thirteen young healthy volunteers were studied, using an electrocardiogram and plethysmograph to simultaneously record pulse wave arrival at the ear lobe, index finger and big toe...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220064/effect-of-experimentally-induced-trunk-muscular-tensions-on-the-sit-to-stand-task-performance-and-associated-postural-adjustments
#6
Alain Hamaoui, Caroline Alamini-Rodrigues
It has been shown that increased muscular activity along the trunk is likely to impair body balance, but there is little knowledge about its consequences on more dynamic tasks. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of unilateral and bilateral increases of muscular tension along the trunk on the sit-to-stand task (STS) performance and associated anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs). Twelve healthy females (23 ± 3 years, 163 ± 0.06 cm, 56 ± 9 kg), free of any neurological or musculoskeletal disorders, performed six trials of the STS at maximum speed, in seven experimental conditions varying the muscular tension along each side of the trunk, using a specific bimanual compressive load paradigm...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217935/effects-of-individualized-exercise-program-on-physical-function-psychological-dimensions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-china
#7
Qing Tang, Bin Yang, Fengyan Fan, Ping Li, Lei Yang, Yujie Guo
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a 12-week home-based exercise program on physical function, psychological dimensions, and health-related quality of life for patients with chronic kidney disease. Ninety eligible patients were enrolled and randomly separated into the exercise group and the control group from November 2015 to May 2016. The exercise group received an individualized exercise program while the control group received only usual care and continued primary lifestyle. Physical function was measured using 6-minute walk test and 10 repetitions of the sit-to-stand test while psychological dimensions were assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale and the Self-Efficacy for Exercise scale...
February 19, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217723/cancer-nurses-in-africa-finding-their-footing
#8
EDITORIAL
David Makumi
David Makumi is an award-winning cancer control leader. The US Oncology Nursing Society. (ONS) awarded him the prestigious Distinguished Award for contribution to cancer care in 2011. The following year, the International Society of Nurses in Cancer Care presented him with the Past President Award for his work in designing low-cost models of increasing access to breast cancer screening. David is the East Africa Regional Cancer Programs Manager for the Aga Khan University Hospital. He has been involved in cancer advocacy on policy and legislation for over 10 years...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217432/cost-effectiveness-of-grass-pollen-scit-compared-with-slit-and-symptomatic-treatment
#9
Thomas Reinhold, Bernd Brüggenjürgen
BACKGROUND: Whereas specific immunotherapy (SIT) has already been shown to be cost-effective in the treatment of allergic rhinitis compared with symptomatic treatment, only a small number of investigations have compared sublingual (SLIT) and subcutaneous (SCIT) immunotherapeutic approaches. This analysis discusses the cost-effectiveness of SCIT compared with SLIT and a symptomatic treatment modality. At the same time, particular attention is paid to preparation-specific characteristics...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217417/biomechanical-differences-in-brazilian-jiu-jitsu-athletes-the-role-of-combat-style
#10
Pedro Olavo de Paula Lima, Alane Almeida Lima, Anita Camila Sampaio Coelho, Yuri Lopes Lima, Gabriel Peixoto Leão Almeida, Márcio Almeida Bezerra, Rodrigo Ribeiro de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) athletes can be divided into two combat styles: pass fighters (PFs) and guard fighters (GFs). Flexibility of the posterior chain muscles is highly necessary in these athletes, especially in GFs. On the other hand, isometric strength of the trunk extensors is required in PFs. Handgrip strength is important in holding the kimono of the opponent, and symmetrical lower-limb strength is important for the prevention of injuries due to the overload caused by training...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217415/muscle-activation-patterns-during-suspension-training-exercises
#11
Sean Harris, Elise Ruffin, Wayne Brewer, Alexis Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Suspension training (ST) has been utilized over exercises performed on a stable surface to train multiple muscle groups simultaneously to increase muscle activation and joint stability. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether ST augments muscle activation compared to similar exercises performed on a stable surface. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Twenty-five healthy adults (male: 16; women: 9; BMI: 23...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217325/crystal-structures-of-a-novel-nnn-pincer-ligand-and-its-dinuclear-titanium-iv-alkoxide-pincer-complex
#12
Jakub Pedziwiatr, Ion Ghiviriga, Khalil A Abboud, Adam S Veige
This report describes a synthetic protocols and the crystal structures involving a novel pincer-type H3[NNN] ligand, namely di-μ-bromido-μ-{2-(2,2-di-methylpropanimido-yl)-N-[2-(2,2-di-methyl-propanimido-yl)-4-methyl-phen-yl]-4-methylaniline}-bis-[(diethyl ether)lithium], [Li2Br2(C24H33N3)(C4H10O)2] (1) and a dinuclear metal complex, namely di-μ-bromido-2:3κ(4)Br:Br-bis-{2-(2,2-di-methylpropanimido-yl)-N-[2-(2,2-di-methyl-propanimido-yl)-4-methyl-phen-yl]-4-methylaniline}-1κ(3)N,N',N'';4κ(3)N,N',N''-tetra-μ-iso-propano-lato-1:2κ(4)O:O;3:4κ(4)O:O-diiso-propano-lato-1κO,4κO-2,3-dilithium-1,4-dititanium, [Li2Ti2Br2(C24H32N3)2(C3H7O)6] or {[NHNNH]Ti(O (i) Pr)3(LiBr)2}2 (2)...
February 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215966/does-patient-perception-differ-following-adductor-canal-block-and-femoral-nerve-block-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-simultaneous-bilateral-randomized-study
#13
Hyun J Koh, In J Koh, Man S Kim, Keun Y Choi, Hyeon U Jo, Yong In
BACKGROUND: Femoral nerve block (FNB) has been used as part of the multimodal analgesia after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), but leads to weakness in the quadriceps muscles. Recently, adductor canal block (ACB) was reported to provide effective pain relief while sparing the strength of the quadriceps. This simultaneous bilateral randomized study investigated whether patients perceived differences between ACB and the FNB after same-day bilateral TKA. METHODS: We performed a prospective simultaneous bilateral randomized study in 50 patients scheduled to undergo same-day bilateral TKA...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214616/exploring-factors-influencing-low-back-pain-in-people-with-non-dysvascular-lower-limb-amputation-a-national-survey
#14
Hemakumar Devan, Paul Hendrick, Leigh Hale, Allan Carman, Michael P Dillon, Daniel Cury Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal impairment in people with lower limb amputation. Given the multifactorial nature of LBP, exploring the factors influencing the presence and intensity of LBP is warranted. OBJECTIVE: To investigate which physical, personal, and amputee-specific factors predicted presence and intensity of low back pain (LBP) in persons with non-dysvascular transfemoral (TFA) and transtibial amputation (TTA). DESIGN: A retrospective cross-sectional survey SETTING: A national random sample of people with non-dysvascular TFA and TTA...
February 15, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214605/the-effect-of-sitting-and-calf-activity-on-leg-fluid-and-snoring
#15
Bhajan Singh, Azadeh Yadollahi, Owen Lyons, Hisham Alshaer, TDouglas Bradley
Prolonged sitting may promote leg fluid retention that redistributes to the neck during sleep and contributes to snoring. This could be attenuated by calf activity while sitting. In 16 healthy non-obese subjects we measured leg fluid volume (LFV) below the knees using bioelectrical impedance while sitting for 4hours, snoring using a portable BresoDx™ device, and Mallampati grade. Using a double cross-over study design, subjects were randomized to one of two arms and crossed-over one week later: control arm - no calf exercise while sitting; intervention arm - calf contraction against a pedal resistance while sitting...
February 15, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213720/feasibility-of-single-incision-thoracoscopic-surgery-using-a-modified-chest-wall-pulley-for-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#16
Kenji Tsuboshima, Machiko Nagata, Teppei Wakahara, Yasumi Matoba, Yoshimasa Maniwa
PURPOSE: Recently, single-incision thoracoscopic surgery (SITS) has been recognized as a favorable treatment choice for primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) compared with conventional three-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). However, conventional SITS bullectomy often results in collisions with surgical devices. Therefore, we devised a method of SITS using a chest wall pulley for lung excision (PulLE) and modified PulLE (mPulLE) system, which substitutes threads to eliminate such collisions...
February 17, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213675/-adherence-in-specific-immunotherapy
#17
REVIEW
M-L Lemberg, M-J Joisten, R Mösges
Allergies are steadily gaining in importance in the Western world. For over one hundred years, immunology has been the only causal treatment. Specific immunotherapy (SIT) aims at the cure of allergy or at least freedom from allergy symptoms. In association with this, adherence poses a complex problem. Both treatment applications commonly used in Germany-sublingual and subcutaneous immunotherapy-show poor persistence on the part of the patients. In most cases, SIT is not carried out to the end of the recommended duration and instead is discontinued prematurely...
February 17, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212491/food-ingestion-in-an-upright-sitting-position-increases-post-prandial-amino-acid-availability-when-compared-to-food-ingestion-in-a-lying-down-position
#18
Andrew M Holwerda, Kaatje Lenaerts, Jörgen Bierau, Will K W H Wodzig, Luc J C van Loon
Dietary protein digestion and absorption kinetics determine the post-prandial increase in muscle protein synthesis. We recently demonstrated that body position during feeding can modulate the post-prandial rise in plasma amino acid availability. Here we investigated whether protein ingestion in an upright sitting body position accelerates gastric emptying and improves dietary protein digestion and subsequent amino acid absorption compared with feeding in a supine lying body position. In a crossover design, eight young males (26±1 y, 24...
February 17, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211834/is-active-design-changing-the-workplace-a-natural-pre-post-experiment-looking-at-health-behaviour-and-workplace-perceptions
#19
Lina Engelen, Josephine Chau, Erika Bohn-Goldbaum, Sarah Young, Dominique Hespe, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: Active Design is a relatively new concept and evaluation on its effects on healthy behaviour is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate Active Design influence on workplace physical activity, sedentary behaviour, musculoskeletal complaints, and perceptions of the workplace and productivity. METHODS: Participants (n = 118 adults) moving from 14 workplaces into a new building completed an online questionnaire pre- and post-move. The questions related to health behaviours (physical activity, sitting time and sleep); musculoskeletal issues; perceptions of the office environment; productivity; and engagement...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211821/progressive-intervention-strategy-for-the-gait-of-sub-acute-stroke-patient-using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-tool
#20
Tae-Woo Kang, Heon-Seok Cynn
BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) provides models for functions and disabilities. The ICF is presented as a frame that enables organizing physical therapists' clinical practice for application. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to describe processes through which stroke patients are assessed and treated based on the ICF model. METHODS: The patient was a 65-year-old female diagnosed with right cerebral artery infarction with left hemiparesis...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
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