keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pneumatosis intestinal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280704/reversible-pneumatosis-cystoides-intestinalis-after-liver-transplantation
#1
M Telegrafo, A A Stabile Ianora, G Angelelli, M Moschetta
Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) is a rare disease characterized by the presence of multiple gas-filled cysts within the submucosa or subserosa of the intestinal wall. We report a case of PCI in a 54-yearold man 4 weeks after liver transplantation due to hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated liver cirrhosis presenting with illness, diarrhea and abdominal pain. CT scans revealed normal shape of the abdominal parenchymal organs and no intra-hepatic complication due to liver transplantation. Main abdominal venous and arterial vessels resulted patent...
September 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260286/bowel-ultrasound-for-predicting-surgical-management-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Alain C Cuna, Nidhi Reddy, Amie L Robinson, Sherwin S Chan
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating inflammatory disease of the intestinal tract that represents a significant source of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. Imaging of the abdomen is valuable for timely diagnosis and close monitoring of disease progression in NEC. Bowel ultrasound (US) is increasingly being recognized as an important imaging tool for evaluating NEC that provides additional detail than plain abdominal radiographs. OBJECTIVE: To identify bowel US findings associated with surgical management or death in infants with NEC...
December 19, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260144/pneumatosis-cystoides-intestinalis-a-rare-cause-of-intraabdominal-free-air
#3
Hüseyin Pülat, Girayhan Çelik, Mehmet Zafer Sabuncuoğlu, Mehmet Fatih Benzin, Oktay Karaköse, Recep Çetin
Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis is a rarely seen disease characterized by cysts filled with multiple gases in the wall of the small or large intestine. Many factors have been suggested in the etiology and pathogenesis, including peptic ulcer, pyloric stenosis, and endoscopic trauma. Because various clinical characteristics and symptoms are observed together, diagnosis is generally difficult. It may be a cause of free air observed on direct radiographs. Treatment is directed at the cause and although there is generally a good course, it can sometimes lead to severe complications...
2017: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259385/midgut-neuroendocrine-tumor-presenting-with-acute-intestinal-ischemia
#4
Ioannis Mantzoros, Natalia Antigoni Savvala, Orestis Ioannidis, Styliani Parpoudi, Lydia Loutzidou, Despoina Kyriakidou, Angeliki Cheva, Vasileios Intzos, Konstantinos Tsalis
Neuroendocrine tumors represent a heterogeneous group of neoplasms that arise from neuroendocrine cells and secrete various peptides and bioamines. While gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors, commonly called carcinoids, account for about 2/3 of all neuroendocrine tumors, they are relatively rare. Small intestine neuroendocrine tumors originate from intestinal enterochromaffin cells and represent about 1/4 of small intestine neoplasms. They can be asymptomatic or cause nonspecific symptoms, which usually leads to a delayed diagnosis...
December 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241163/diagnosis-and-management-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-an-international-survey-of-neonatologists-and-pediatric-surgeons
#5
Mélanie Valpacos, Delphine Arni, Amy Keir, Ann Aspirot, James C H Wilde, Spencer Beasley, Daniele De Luca, Riccardo E Pfister, Oliver Karam
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious complication of prematurity. Currently, there is limited evidence to guide investigation and treatment strategies. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the parameters used to diagnose or exclude NEC, and to identify differences between neonatologists and pediatric surgeons. METHODS: A scenario-based survey was sent to neonatologists and pediatric surgeons. RESULTS: 173 physicians from 26 countries completed the survey (55% neonatologists and 45% pediatric surgeons)...
December 15, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196510/necrotizing-enterocolitis
#6
Barrie S Rich, Stephen E Dolgin
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a frequently encountered condition in the premature neonate, which can have devastating effects. The signs and symptoms of NEC are variable and can be confused with those of sepsis. An abdominal radiograph is often obtained for diagnosis, and findings that indicate NEC include pneumatosis and portal venous gas. The treatment of NEC includes gastrointestinal rest, gastric decompression, broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotics, and systemic support. A finding of pneumoperitoneum signifies intestinal perforation, which requires surgical intervention...
December 2017: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121860/pneumatosis-cystoides-intestinalis-associated-with-sunitinib-and-a-literature-review
#7
Yong Suk Lee, Jae Joon Han, Si-Young Kim, Chi Hoon Maeng
BACKGROUND: Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) is a rare self-limiting condition characterized by air-filled cysts within intestinal walls. Diagnosis should be prudent because it can mimic pneumoperitoneum leading to unnecessary treatment such as surgical exploration. Although various drugs including anti-neoplastic agents have been suggested as etiologies, cases related to sunitinib are sparse. Because of the rarity of this unusual side effect by sunitinib, we report the case report...
November 9, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093595/-pneumatosis-cystoides-intestinalis-complicated-with-intestinal-volvulus
#8
Carmen Elena Fuenmayor, Carlos Gainza, Maryori García, Richard Zambrano, Gledys Torres, Yohanys Hernández, Anna García
Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis is a rare condition in which multiple gas-filled cysts are found within the wall of the gastrointestinal tract either in the subserosa or submucosa. Its pathogenesis is uncertain and several pathogenic mechanisms have been proposed to explain its origin. The case of a male patient of 46 years with previous diagnosis of pneumatosis cystic intestinalis, who consulted for abdominal pain, vomiting and fever (39 °C) is presented. By the time of admission ther were signs of peritoneal irritation...
July 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046756/pneumatosis-of-the-esophagus-and-intestines-with-portal-venous-air-a-rare-presentation
#9
Mustafa Noor Muhammad, Maryam Sadough, Robert King, Gurkeerat Singh
Pneumatosis intestinalis is a radiographic finding that represents a spectrum of conditions ranging from benign disease to abdominal sepsis and death. Along with portal venous gas, it is generally considered an ominous sign prompting emergency operative intervention. We report a rare case showing that nonoperative therapy can be considered in a seriously ill patient with esophageal, gastric and portal venous air.
October 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021898/a-case-report-and-approach-to-management-in-pneumatosis-intestinalis
#10
Manon Jenkins, Hannah Courtney, Emma Pope, James Williamson
Pneumatosis Intestinalis (PI) is an uncommon condition in which there is gas present within the wall of the gastrointestinal tract. PI is usually found in the large bowel, but can less commonly occur in the small bowel, and gas may be present in either the subserosal or submucosal layer of the intestine. Its unfamiliarity often means it is under-recognised and not considered as a differential diagnosis when assessing a patient with abdominal symptoms. The spectrum of conditions that produce PI is varied and ranges from the non-urgent to life-threatening...
November 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956274/successful-treatment-of-non-occlusive-mesenteric-ischemia-with-indocyanine-green-fluorescence-and-open-abdomen-management
#11
Toshiyuki Irie, Takeshi Matsutani, Nobutoshi Hagiwara, Tsutomu Nomura, Itsuo Fujita, Yoshikazu Kanazawa, Daisuke Kakinuma, Eiji Uchida
Non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI), which can lead to multifocal and segmental intestinal necrosis without demonstrable occlusion in the main mesenteric artery, is associated with extremely high mortality. Because these intestinal ischemic changes can progress, it is difficult to make a definitive determination intraoperatively as to whether resection of damaged intestine is required. A 62-year-old man who underwent esophagectomy for advanced cervicothoracic esophageal cancer complained of severe abdominal pain on postoperative day 4...
September 27, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917259/successful-treatment-with-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-for-pneumatosis-cystoides-intestinalis-as-a-complication-of-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-a-case-report
#12
Kensuke Nakatani, Takaharu Kato, Shinichiro Okada, Risa Matsumoto, Kazuhiro Nishida, Hiroyasu Komuro, Toshiyuki Suganuma
BACKGROUND: Although gastrointestinal involvement in patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis is uncommon, it is associated with mild to severe life-threatening complications. We present a case of pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis in a patient with granulomatosis with polyangiitis that was treated successfully with hyperbaric oxygen. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old Japanese man with a 3-year history of granulomatosis with polyangiitis consulted our hospital with a complaint of severe back pain...
September 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868231/laser-speckle-contrast-imaging-to-evaluate-bowel-lesions-in-neonates-with-nec
#13
Kristine Bach Korsholm Knudsen, Joergen Thorup, Rune Broni Strandby, Rikard Ambrus, Linea Landgrebe Ring, Inge Ifaoui
Background  Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most frequent surgical emergency in newborns. Intestinal ischemia is considered a factor that precedes the development of NEC lesions. Laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) can be used to assess tissue microcirculation. We evaluated if LSCI may help to detect intestinal regions with reduced microcirculation in NEC. Case Report  A male patient (gestational age, 26 [3/7] weeks; birth weight, 600 g) showed clinical signs of NEC 28 days after birth. X-ray revealed pneumatosis intestinalis and portal gas...
January 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861268/diagnostic-laparoscopy-for-pneumatosis-intestinalis-in-a-very-elderly-patient-a-case-report
#14
Shuhei Ito, Takaaki Masuda, Noboru Harada, Ayumi Matsuyama, Motoharu Hamatake, Takashi Maeda, Shinichi Tsutsui, Hiroyuki Matsuda, Koshi Mimori, Teruyoshi Ishida
INTRODUCTION: Pneumatosis intestinalis is rare but may be associated with life-threatening intra-abdominal conditions such as intestinal ischemia or perforation. However, it can be difficult, particularly in the very elderly, to identify candidates for immediate surgical intervention. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 94-year-old man with abdominal distension underwent abdominal computed tomography, which demonstrated accumulation of air bubbles within the intestinal wall and some free intraperitoneal air, suggestive of pneumatosis intestinalis...
September 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743290/pneumatosis-intestinalis-with-a-benign-clinical-course-a-report-of-two-cases
#15
Aya Takase, Nobuhiro Akuzawa, Hiroshi Naitoh, Jun Aoki
BACKGROUND: Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) is a rare condition characterized by the presence of gas within the gastrointestinal tract wall. Most cases of PI have a benign clinical course, although some have serious outcomes. Mechanical stress on or bacterial infection of the gastrointestinal tract wall may be responsible for the onset of PI, but the detailed mechanism of PI pathogenesis is still unclear. Here, we describe two Japanese patients presenting with benign PI. CASE PRESENTATION: Case 1, a 37-year-old previously healthy male patient, had a 1-week history of abdominal pain, and case 2, a 78-year-old female diabetic patient, had a 2-week history of voglibose treatment and abdominal pain...
July 25, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725312/two-cases-of-pneumatosis-cystoides-intestinalis-with-intraperitoneal-free-air
#16
Kensuke Wada, Nobuhiro Takeuchi, Masakazu Emori, Masanori Takada, Yusuke Nomura, Akihito Otsuka
Intraperitoneal free air (IFA) is sometimes accompanied by pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI); therefore, proper diagnosis is essential for PCI management. We report two cases of PCI with IFA. A 70-year-old female taking anti-psychotic medication for schizophrenia presented with repeated vomiting and high-grade fever. Computed tomography revealed small, linear gaseous cysts in the intestinal wall along with IFA. Although there was no sign of peritoneal irritation, intestinal perforation was not excluded...
June 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638830/abdominal-hernias-giant-colon-diverticulum-gist-intestinal-pneumatosis-colon-ischemia-cold-intussusception-gallstone-ileus-and-foreign-bodies-our-experience-and-literature-review-of-incidental-gastrointestinal-mdct-findings
#17
REVIEW
G Di Grezia, G Gatta, R Rella, D Donatello, G Falco, R Grassi, R Grassi
Incidental gastrointestinal findings are commonly detected on MDCT exams performed for various medical indications. This review describes the radiological MDCT spectrum of appearances already present in the past literature and in today's experience of several gastrointestinal acute conditions such as abdominal hernia, giant colon diverticulum, GIST, intestinal pneumatosis, colon ischemia, cold intussusception, gallstone ileus, and foreign bodies which can require medical and surgical intervention or clinical follow-up...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566122/necrotizing-enterocolitis-classification-and-two-initial-steps-towards-prevention
#18
Sandra Meinich Juhl
The premature infant suffers from immaturity of all organ systems, one of them being the gastrointestinal tract. When the infant is born, the immature gastrointestinal tract is exposed to milk and simultaneously colonized by high densities of bacteria. The combination of milk, microbiota and an immature gut, leaves the infant vulnerable to developing the dreaded intestinal emergency necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). NEC is often very aggressive and no cure exists, which means that prevention is an utmost important topic to researchers, physicians, parents - and infants...
June 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523367/-a-67-year-old-man-with-epigastric-pain
#19
A Greger, W Hamelmann, M Konermann
A 67-year-old man suffering from epigastric pain showed a phytobezoar in the endoscopy. Therapy with Coca Cola® and enzymes was initiated. The (partial) lysis led to a migration of the bezoar into the ileum, resulting in a small bowel obstruction. After removal of the remaining bezoar via ileotomy a secondary pneumatosis intestinalis occurred. As a rare finding the (phyto-)bezoar should be considered as a differential diagnosis of abdominal pain - especially considering the rising numbers of bariatric surgery, which is a potential risk factor...
November 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458320/four-cases-of-pneumatosis-cystoides-intestinalis-complicated-by-connective-tissue-diseases
#20
Eiji Suzuki, Takashi Kanno, Momoko Hazama, Hiroko Kobayashi, Hiroshi Watanabe, Hiromasa Ohira
Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) is a rare disease that involves the presence of gas in the intestinal wall. Connective tissue disease (CTD) is a major cause of secondary PCI. In addition to the nature of CTDs, the use of prednisolone and some immunosuppressants, and the presence of complicating diseases such as diabetes mellitus, constipation and pulmonary diseases are involved in the development of PCI. This report describes four cases of PCI with different CTDs (granulomatosis with polyangiitis, rheumatoid arthritis, dermatomyositis, and overlap syndrome) and discusses the background of each patient and common risk factors for the occurrence of PCI...
2017: Internal Medicine
keyword
keyword
120073
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"