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Food habits and diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738492/anthropometric-and-dietary-factors-as-predictors-of-dna-damage-in-obese-women
#1
Marta Włodarczyk, Beata Jabłonowska-Lietz, Wioletta Olejarz, Grażyna Nowicka
Enhanced DNA damage and disturbances in DNA repair mechanisms are reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of chronic diseases like obesity, atherosclerosis, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and cancer. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether anthropometric factors and dietary habits are related to endogenous DNA damage. One hundred and fourteen premenopausal, apparently healthy women were included in the study: 88 obese individuals and 26 controls. The comet assay was used to measure basal DNA damage...
May 8, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679632/dietary-habits-associated-with-reduced-insulin-resistance-the-nagahama-study
#2
Kaori Ikeda, Tosiya Sato, Takeo Nakayama, Daisuke Tanaka, Kazuaki Nagashima, Fumika Mano, Erina Joo, Shimpei Fujimoto, Yoshimitsu Takahashi, Shinji Kosugi, Akihiro Sekine, Yasuharu Tabara, Fumihiko Matsuda, Nobuya Inagaki
AIMS: To investigate the association between insulin resistance assessed by a homeostasis model and dietary habits. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis using a community-based cohort, the Nagahama Prospective Cohort for Comprehensive Human Bioscience. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed with log HOMA-IR or log HOMA- β as the dependent variable and 20 dietary habits, tobacco smoking, medical history, family medical history of diabetes, age and BMI as the simultaneous independent variables in each sex separately...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678976/fostering-active-living-and-healthy-eating-through-understanding-physical-activity-and-dietary-behaviours-of-arabic-speaking-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-middle-east
#3
Tam Truong Donnelly, Tak Shing Fung, Al-Anoud Bint Mohammad Al-Thani
OBJECTIVES: Physical inactivity and unhealthy diets increase the risk for diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Many people in Qatar are sedentary and consume diets high in fats, salt and sugar. The purpose of this study was to determine physical activity levels, food habits and understand the variables that might predict physical activity and healthy eating behaviours among Arabic-speaking adults living in the State of Qatar. SETTING: A cross-sectional community-based survey was conducted with 1606 Arab adults ≥18 years of age from March 2013 to June 2015...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625599/a-healthy-school-start-plus-for-prevention-of-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-in-disadvantaged-areas-through-parental-support-in-the-school-setting-study-protocol-for-a-parallel-group-cluster-randomised-trial
#4
Liselotte Schäfer Elinder, Emma Patterson, Gisela Nyberg, Åsa Norman
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews conclude that interventions to prevent overweight and obesity in children obtain stronger effects when parents are involved. Parenting practices and parent-child interactions shape children's health-related behaviours. The Healthy School Start Plus intervention aims to promote healthy dietary habits and physical activity and prevent obesity in children through parental support in disadvantaged areas with increased health needs, delivered by teachers and school nurses...
April 6, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569446/who-healthy-diet-to-prevent-chronic-diseases-and-caries
#5
L Paglia
For some years now, the WHO has recommended less than 10% of energy intake from free sugars. The same document also stresses the need to bring this limit below 5% as soon as possible. These guidelines have been promoted with the aim of reducing the prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, obesity and metabolic syndrome. At the same time, the reduction of free sugars in the diet can be part of a strategy to reduce the prevalence of caries, which is known to be an infectious and transmissible multifactorial disease known to be "triggered" by wrong dietary habits...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495094/challenges-in-everyday-life-among-recently-diagnosed-and-more-experienced-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-multistage-focus-group-study
#6
Cecilia Gardsten, Kerstin Blomqvist, Mikael Rask, Åse Larsson, Agneta Lindberg, Gith Olsson
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify perceived challenges related to self-management among recently diagnosed adults and those with longer experience of type 2 diabetes as a foundation for the future development of a person-centred information and communication technology service. BACKGROUND: Learning self-management of type 2 diabetes includes mastering the skills required to complete complex emotional and physical tasks. A service developed with the participation of stakeholders may be an alternative way to meet rising needs for self-management...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479525/perspectives-on-underlying-factors-for-unhealthy-diet-and-sedentary-lifestyle-of-adolescents-at-a-kenyan-coastal-setting
#7
Derrick Ssewanyana, Amina Abubakar, Anneloes van Baar, Patrick N Mwangala, Charles R Newton
Unhealthy diet and physical inactivity are among the key modifiable risk factors for non-communicable diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Although such diseases often only appear in adulthood, these behaviors are typically initiated or reinforced already during adolescence. However, knowledge on underlying factors for adolescents' unhealthy dieting and physical inactivity in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is poor. We conducted in-depth interviews and focus group discussions to explore the perceptions of a diverse group of 78 young people of 10-19 years of age, which also included some adolescents living with HIV, as this is an emerging group in the HIV/AIDS epidemic in many parts of SSA...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383256/assessment-of-chronic-kidney-disease-using-skin-texture-as-a-key-parameter-for-south-indian-population
#8
Madhanlal Udhayarasu, Kalpana Ramakrishnan, Soundararajan Periasamy
Periodical monitoring of renal function, specifically for subjects with history of diabetic or hypertension would prevent them from entering into chronic kidney disease (CKD) condition. The recent increase in numbers may be due to food habits or lack of physical exercise, necessitates a rapid kidney function monitoring system. Presently, it is determined by evaluating glomerular filtration rate (GFR) that is mainly dependent on serum creatinine value and demographic parameters and ethnic value. Attempted here is to develop ethnic parameter based on skin texture for every individual...
December 2017: Healthcare Technology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359431/mother-and-child-nutrition-among-the-chakhesang-tribe-in-the-state-of-nagaland-north-east-india
#9
Thingnganing Longvah, Bewe Khutsoh, Indrapal Ishwarji Meshram, Sreerama Krishna, Venkaiah Kodali, Phrang Roy, Harriet V Kuhnlein
Despite the importance of the nutritional status and food systems of Indigenous Peoples, the subject has received very little attention, especially in North-East India. Therefore, a community-based cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among Chakhesang mothers with children under 5 years of age to evaluate their nutritional status and prevalence of chronic diseases in the context of their dietary habits. From 558 households (HHs), 661 children and 540 mothers were covered using standard anthropometric measurements as well as blood collection for haemoglobin and vitamin A...
November 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340108/effect-of-gene-lifestyle-interaction-on-gestational-diabetes-risk
#10
Polina V Popova, Alexandra A Klyushina, Lyudmila B Vasilyeva, Alexandra S Tkachuk, Yana A Bolotko, Andrey S Gerasimov, Evgenii A Pustozerov, Ekaterina N Kravchuk, Alexander Predeus, Anna A Kostareva, Elena N Grineva
We hypothesized that the association of certain lifestyle parameters with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) risk would depend on susceptibility loci. In total, 278 Russian women with GDM and 179 controls completed questionnaires about lifestyle habits (food consumption, physical activity and smoking). GDM was diagnosed according to the criteria of the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups. Maternal blood was sampled for genotyping single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in MTNR1B (rs10830963 and rs1387153), GCK (rs1799884), KCNJ11 (rs5219), IGF2BP2 (rs4402960), TCF7L2 (rs7903146 and rs12255372), CDKAL1 (rs7754840), IRS1 (rs1801278) and FTO (rs9939609)...
December 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339829/associations-of-the-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dash-diet-with-pregnancy-complications-in-project-viva
#11
Aarohee P Fulay, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Emily Oken, Wei Perng
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet has been shown to improve cardiometabolic outcomes in non-pregnant populations. Little is known regarding the impact of this diet on health during pregnancy. The objective of this research is to examine associations of adherence to the DASH diet with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and other pregnancy outcomes. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted analyses with data that came from 1760 women in Project Viva, a Boston-area longitudinal cohort recruited in early pregnancy 1999-2002...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322837/association-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-evaluated-by-skin-autofluorescence-with-lifestyle-habits-in-a-general-japanese-population
#12
Fumiyuki Isami, Brett J West, Sanae Nakajima, Sho-Ichi Yamagishi
Objective Accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) occurs during normal aging but markedly accelerates in people with diabetes. AGEs may play a role in various age-related disorders. Several studies have demonstrated that skin autofluorescence (SAF) reflects accumulated tissue levels of AGEs. However, very few studies have investigated SAF in the general population. The purpose of the present study was to more thoroughly evaluate the potential association among SAF, chronological age, and lifestyle habits in the general population...
March 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239272/mental-models-of-cause-and-inheritance-for-type-2-diabetes-among-unaffected-individuals-who-have-a-positive-family-history
#13
Sandra Daack-Hirsch, Lisa L Shah, Alyssa D Cady
Using the familial risk perception (FRP) model as a framework, we elicited causal and inheritance explanations for type 2 diabetes (T2D) from people who do not have T2D but have a family history for it. We identified four composite mental models for cause of T2D: (a) purely genetic; (b) purely behavioral/environmental; (c) direct multifactorial, in which risk factors interact and over time directly lead to T2D; and (d) indirect multifactorial, in which risk factors interact and over time cause a precursor health condition (such as obesity or metabolic syndrome) that leads to T2D...
March 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225703/facilitators-and-barriers-to-healthy-eating-in-a-worksite-cafeteria-a-qualitative-study-from-nepal
#14
Archana Shrestha, Prajjwal Pyakurel, Abha Shrestha, Rabin Gautam, Nisha Manandhar, Elizabeth Rhodes, Dipesh Tamrakar, Biraj Man Karmacharya, Vasanti Malik, Josiemer Mattei, Donna Spiegelman
Objective: Worksite interventions can serve as a potential platform for translating existing knowledge of diabetes prevention and facilitate healthy food choices. The study explored perceptions about healthy eating as well as potential facilitators and barriers to healthy eating among employees in a wire manufacturing factory in Nepal. Methods and materials: We conducted a cross-sectional exploratory qualitative study in a wire manufacturing industry in eastern Nepal...
2017: Heart Asia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186059/effect-of-gamma-oryzanol-as-therapeutic-agent-to-prevent-cardiorenal-metabolic-syndrome-in-animals-submitted-to-high-sugar-fat-diet
#15
Fabiane Valentini Francisqueti, Igor Otávio Minatel, Artur Junio Togneri Ferron, Silméia Garcia Zanati Bazan, Vanessa Dos Santos Silva, Jéssica Leite Garcia, Dijon Henrique Salomé de Campos, Ana Lúcia Ferreira, Fernando Moreto, Antonio Carlos Cicogna, Camila Renata Corrêa
BACKGROUND: The high consumption of fat and sugar contributes to the development of obesity and co-morbidities, such as diabetes, and cardiovascular and kidney diseases. Different strategies have been used to prevent these diseases associated with obesity, such as changes in eating habits and/or the addition of dietary components with anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties, such as gamma-oryzanol (γOz) present mainly in bran layers and rice germ. METHODS: Animals were randomly divided into four experimental groups and fed ad libitum for 20 weeks with control diet (C, n = 8), control diet + γOz (C + γOz, n = 8), high-sugar and high-fat diet (HSF, n = 8), and high-sugar and high-fat diet + γOz (HSF + γOz, n = 8)...
November 29, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128304/symptoms-of-mental-illness-and-their-impact-on-managing-type-2-diabetes-in-adults
#16
Adriana Cimo, Carolyn S Dewa
OBJECTIVES: People with mental illnesses are more likely to experience diabetes-related complications that can reduce life expectancy by 10 to 15 years. Diabetes management and outcomes can be improved when lifestyle interventions addressing healthful eating habits and physical activity use content tailored to the learning needs of individuals or groups. Understanding the challenges that prevent adherence to diabetes recommendations can start to inform the design of tailored diabetes education care...
November 8, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117118/diet-and-asthma-is-it-time-to-adapt-our-message
#17
REVIEW
Laurent Guilleminault, Evan J Williams, Hayley A Scott, Bronwyn S Berthon, Megan Jensen, Lisa G Wood
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disorder which is associated with airway inflammation. Environmental factors, in association with genetic susceptibility, play a critical role in asthma pathophysiology. Inhaled allergens, smoke exposure, indoor and outdoor air pollution are common triggers of asthma symptoms. Although the role of diet has clearly established mechanisms in diseases such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and cancer, it is not commonly identified as a causal factor in asthma. However, some dietary patterns, such as the Western diet, which includes a high intake of refined grains, processed and red meats, and desserts, have pro-inflammatory effects...
November 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071251/a-study-on-the-prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-diabetes-and-hypertension-among-school-children-in-majmaah-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#18
Ahmed Syed Meraj, Mansour Mohammed Al
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of risk factors for diabetes and hypertension in Saudi school children has achieved epidemic proportions because of enriched lifestyles. The aim of this study is to conduct a baseline study of such risk factors in a young population at the cusp of high-end technology and material comfort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done among school children using parental assisted self-questionnaires and anthropometric assessment of their vital statistics...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063908/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-effect-on-insulin-resistance
#19
Francesco Baratta, Daniele Pastori, Licia Polimeni, Tommaso Bucci, Fabrizio Ceci, Cinzia Calabrese, Ilaria Ernesti, Gaetano Pannitteri, Francesco Violi, Francesco Angelico, Maria Del Ben
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of cardiometabolic disorders, including non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), is increasing in western countries, because of changes in lifestyle and dietary habits. Mediterranean Diet (Med-Diet) is effective for cardiovascular prevention, but its relationship with NAFLD has been scarcely investigated. METHODS: We included 584 consecutive outpatients presenting with one or more cardiovascular risk factor such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), arterial hypertension, overweight/obesity, and dyslipidemia...
December 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038694/dietary-habits-physical-activity-and-diabetes-perception-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-tabuk-city-saudi-arabia
#20
Nadiyah Abdullah Al-Mountashiri, Amal Mohammad Al-Zhrani, Shereen Fawzy Hafez Ibrahim, Hyder Othman Mirghani
BACKGROUND: Medical nutritional therapy is an important aspect of diabetes care, there is an increasing awareness of breakfast skipping, late dinner and meal contents on diabetes control. AIM: To assess dietary habits, physical activity and diabetes perception among patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted among patients with diabetes mellitus at the diabetes center in Tabuk City, Saudi Arabia during the period from March through June 2017...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
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