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Food habits and diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919711/epigenetic-dysfunctional-diseases-and-therapy-for-infection-and-inflammation
#1
REVIEW
Saheli Samanta, Sheeja Rajasingh, Thuy Cao, Buddhadeb Dawn, Johnson Rajasingh
Even though the discovery of the term 'epigenetics' was in the 1940s, it has recently become one of the most promising and expanding fields to unravel the gene expression pattern in several diseases. The most well studied example is cancer, but other diseases like metabolic disorders, autism, or inflammation-associated diseases such as lung injury, autoimmune disease, asthma, and type-2 diabetes display aberrant gene expression and epigenetic regulation during their occurrence. The change in the epigenetic pattern of a gene may also alter gene function because of a change in the DNA status...
December 2, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914157/-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-type-1-diabetic-patients-treated-with-insulin-pump
#2
Rosana Garcia, Ana Coelho, Anabela Paula, Manuel Marques Ferreira, Francisco Caramelo, Luísa Barros, Carla Batista, Miguel Melo, Mário Jorge Silva, Eunice Carrilho
INTRODUCTION: Type 1 diabetes mellitus and oral health are strictly related on a reciprocal basis, and an increased susceptibility to a wide variety of oral diseases is recognised in these patients. The aim of the present study was to establish a relationship between the prevalence of dental caries in Type 1 diabetic patients treated with insulin pump and that of non-diabetic patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational clinical study of analytical and cross-sectional nature was conducted...
August 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890487/polyphenol-intake-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-population-with%C3%A2-type-2-diabetes-the-tosca-it-study
#3
Marilena Vitale, Olga Vaccaro, Maria Masulli, Enzo Bonora, Stefano Del Prato, Carlo B Giorda, Antonio Nicolucci, Sebastiano Squatrito, Stefania Auciello, Anna C Babini, Laura Bani, Raffaella Buzzetti, Emanuela Cannarsa, Mauro Cignarelli, Massimo Cigolini, Gennaro Clemente, Sara Cocozza, Laura Corsi, Federica D'Angelo, Elisabetta Dall'Aglio, Graziano Di Cianni, Lucia Fontana, Giovanna Gregori, Sara Grioni, Carla Giordano, Rossella Iannarelli, Ciro Iovine, Annunziata Lapolla, Davide Lauro, Luigi Laviola, Chiara Mazzucchelli, Stefano Signorini, Laura Tonutti, Roberto Trevisan, Chiara Zamboni, Gabriele Riccardi, Angela A Rivellese
BACKGROUND: The role of polyphenol intake on cardiovascular risk factors is little explored, particularly in people with diabetes. AIM: To evaluate the association between the intake of total polyphenols and polyphenol classes with the major cardiovascular risk factors in a population with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Dietary habits were investigated in 2573 males and females participants of the TOSCA.IT study. The European Prospective Investigation on Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) questionnaire was used to assess dietary habits...
November 14, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867892/fasting-practices-in-tamil-nadu-and-their-importance-for-patients-with-diabetes
#4
REVIEW
Subramanian Kannan, Shriraam Mahadevan, Krishna Seshadri, Dhalapathy Sadacharan, Kumaravel Velayutham
Religious practices and cultural customs related to eating habits have a significant impact on lifestyle and health of the community. The Ramadan fasting in Muslims and its influence on various metabolic parameters such as diabetes have been reasonably studied. However, literature related to Hindu religious customs related to fasting and food patterns during various festivals and its effect on diabetes are scarce. This article is an attempt to describe the Hindu religious customs related to fasting and food practices from the State of Tamil Nadu (South India) and to raise the awareness among physicians about its relationship with diabetes which may help in managing their diabetic patients in a better way...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864073/eating-behaviour-of-university-students-in-germany-dietary-intake-barriers-to-healthy-eating-and-changes-in-eating-behaviour-since-the-time-of-matriculation
#5
Jennifer Hilger, Adrian Loerbroks, Katharina Diehl
A healthy diet plays a key role in preventing obesity and non-communicable diseases such as type 2 diabetes. This is true for all age groups, including young adults. While unhealthy eating habits among young adults, in particular university students, have been identified in former studies, this group has been neglected in existing health promotion strategies. Our aim was to explore baseline dietary intake, common barriers to healthy eating, and changes in eating behaviour among university students since the time of matriculation...
November 15, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842612/mealtime-habits-and-risk-of-developing-the-metabolic-syndrome-or-insulin-resistance-among-mexican-adults
#6
Pablo Méndez-Hernández, Libia Darina Dosamantes-Carrasco, Carole Siani, Romain Pierlot, Margarita Martínez-Gómez, Berenice Rivera-Paredez, Laura Cervantes-Popoca, Elodia Rojas-Lima, Eduardo Salazar-Martínez, Yvonne N Flores, Jorge Salmerón
Meals are an important source of food intake, contributing to body weight and health status. Previous studies have examined the relationship between isolated mealtime behaviours and the metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of this study was to examine the influence over time of ten interrelated mealtime habits on the risk of developing the MetS and insulin resistance (IR) among Mexican adults. We conducted a prospective cohort study with a sample of 956 health workers. The Mealtime Habits Quality (MHQ) scale is based on four mealtime situations (availability of time to eat, distractions while eating, environmental and social context of eating, and familiar or cultural eating habits), which were used to assess the participants' MHQ at the baseline (2004-2006) and follow-up (2010-2012) evaluations...
November 15, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812513/effects-of-activity-based-personalized-nutrition-education-on-dietary-behaviors-and-blood-parameters-in-middle-aged-and-older-type-2-diabetes-korean-outpatients
#7
Seung Hye Yang, Hye-Kyung Chung, Seung-Min Lee
This study aimed to compare the effects of activity-based personalized nutrition education (APNE) with a general instruction for diabetes (control, CTRL) in middle-aged and older Korean outpatients with type 2 diabetes. After an initial screening, 70 subjects were randomly assigned to APNE (n = 37) or CTRL (n = 33) group. APNE considered each patient's anthropometry, blood chemistry data, and dietary habits in addition to planning meal choices with the aid of registered dietitians. After 3 months, dietary behavior, food intake, and anthropometric and blood measurement results were evaluated...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774913/association-between-sucrose-intake-and-acute-coronary-event-risk-and-effect-modification-by-lifestyle-factors-malm%C3%A3-diet-and-cancer-cohort-study
#8
K Warfa, I Drake, P Wallström, G Engström, E Sonestedt
Previous studies have suggested that a high intake of sugar-sweetened beverages is positively associated with the risk of a coronary event. However, a few studies have examined the association between sucrose (the most common extrinsic sugar in Sweden) and incident coronary events. The objective of the present study was to examine the associations between sucrose intake and coronary event risk and to determine whether these associations are specific to certain subgroups of the population (i.e. according to physical activity, obesity status, educational level, alcohol consumption, smoking habits, intake of fat and intake of fruits and vegetables)...
October 24, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757593/differences-in-food-intake-and-genetic-variability-in-taste-receptors-between-czech-pregnant-women-with-and-without-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Vendula Bartáková, Katarína Kuricová, Filip Zlámal, Jana Bělobrádková, Katetřina Kaňková
PURPOSE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) represents the most frequent metabolic disorder in pregnancy. Since dietary intake plays an important role in obesity and type 2 diabetes development, it is likely to be for the susceptibility to GDM too. Food preferences, driving partly the diet composition, are changing during pregnancy. Taste and genetic variability in taste receptors is an important factor in determining food preferences. Aims of our study were (1) to characterize dietary habits of pregnant women and to find possible differences in food preferences between healthy pregnant women and those with GDM and (2) to ascertain possible association of several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in taste receptor (TR) genes with GDM...
October 18, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708847/lifestyle-modification-intervention-improves-glycemic-control-in-mongolian-adults-who-are-overweight-or-obese-with-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes
#10
S Sonomtseren, Y Sankhuu, J D Warfel, D L Johannsen, C M Peterson, B Vandanmagsar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a weight loss intervention in Mongolian adults with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus and with BMIs ≥ 25.0 kg/m(2). METHODS: Eighty participants (33 men/47 women) aged 32-56 years old received education sessions to improve nutritional habits and increase physical activity. Participants were counselled in-person on two occasions with regular follow-up by phone to eat less (reduce calorie intake by 30-40% and consume fewer fatty foods), shift food intake to earlier in a day and increase physical activity such as walking, jogging, running and biking...
September 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672250/sugar-sweetened-beverages-general-and-oral-health-hazards-in-children-and-adolescents
#11
M B Mishra, Shanu Mishra
Ubiquitously unhealthy eating and drinking habits and the development of multiple morbidities, including obesity, type-2 diabetes, dental caries and dental erosion have become a major challenge for physicians, dentists and parents. Modernization has provided heaps of option for outdoor eating and sugar-containing drinks. Even the "diet" labeled drinks are considered not free from sugars and enhances calorie input. With the increasing trends of eating unhealthy, sticky and readily available, refined carbohydrate-rich foods and drinks, problems pertaining to body's metabolic activity and oral health have also been significantly recognized...
May 2011: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670346/synthetic-and-natural-nutritional-supplements-health-allies-or-risk-to-public-health
#12
Nassia Kioukia-Fougia, Nikolaos Georgiadis, Konstantinos Tsarouhas, Fotini Vasilaki, Persefoni Fragkiadaki, Evangelia Meimeti, Christina Tsitsimpikou
BACKGROUND: The modern way of life involves high stress levels, poor eating habits, lack of exercise, obesity and other detrimental health factors. Nutritional supplements (NS) are complexes of nutrients with variant activity that may infer reversal to nutrient depletion. They tend to be popular amongst social categories associated with the healthy life style, such as the elite and amateur athletes, military people and the general population. OBJECTIVE: An overview of the state of play with regards to nutritional supplements -natural and synthetic-, is important both from toxicological and commercial point of view...
September 23, 2016: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664039/sleep-duration-and-diabetes-risk-population-trends-and-potential-mechanisms
#13
REVIEW
Michael A Grandner, Azizi Seixas, Safal Shetty, Sundeep Shenoy
Sleep is important for regulating many physiologic functions that relate to metabolism. Because of this, there is substantial evidence to suggest that sleep habits and sleep disorders are related to diabetes risk. In specific, insufficient sleep duration and/or sleep restriction in the laboratory, poor sleep quality, and sleep disorders such as insomnia and sleep apnea have all been associated with diabetes risk. This research spans epidemiologic and laboratory studies. Both physiologic mechanisms such as insulin resistance, decreased leptin, and increased ghrelin and inflammation and behavioral mechanisms such as increased food intake, impaired decision-making, and increased likelihood of other behavioral risk factors such as smoking, sedentary behavior, and alcohol use predispose to both diabetes and obesity, which itself is an important diabetes risk factor...
November 2016: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603597/association-of-lifestyle-inflammatory-factors-and-dietary-patterns-with-the-risk-of-suffering-a-stroke-a-case-control-study
#14
Itziar Abete, Maria Angeles Zulet, Estíbaliz Goyenechea, Vanessa Blazquez, Ana Maria de Arce Borda, Adolfo Lopez de Munain, J Alfredo Martinez
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle, including dietary patterns, could involve specific factors participating in inflammation that confer a higher risk of suffering a stroke. However, little attention has been apparently given to habitual food consumption in patients suffering a cerebrovascular event. OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of dietary habits as well as other lifestyle-related variables on the risk of suffering a stroke. DESIGN: A case-control study was designed...
September 7, 2016: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593957/promising-potential-of-dietary-poly-phenolic-compounds-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Branca M Silva, Tânia R Dias, Marco G Alves, Susana Casal
BACKGROUND: The incidence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is reaching alarming proportions worldwide, particularly because it is increasingly affecting younger people. This reflects the sedentary lifestyle and inappropriate dietary habits, especially due to the advent of processed foods in modern societies. Thus, unsurprisingly, the first medical recommendation to patients with clinically evident DM is the alteration in their eating behaviour, particularly regarding carbohydrates and total energy intake...
September 5, 2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553771/interaction-of-bdnf-rs6265-variants-and-energy-and-protein-intake-in-the-risk-for-glucose-intolerance-and-type-2-diabetes-in-middle-aged-adults
#16
James W Daily, Sunmin Park
OBJECTIVES: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is associated with the risk for Alzheimer's disease and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to examine the association of BDNF variants with type 2 diabetes and the interactions of different BDNF genotypes with dietary habits and food and nutrient intakes in middle-aged adults. METHODS: The study population included 8840 adults ages 40 to 65 y from the Ansan and Asung areas in the Korean Genome Epidemiology Study, a cross-sectional study of Korean adults, conducted from 2001 to 2002...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549220/dietary-patterns-associated-with-body-mass-index-bmi-and-lifestyle-in-mexican-adolescents
#17
Laura Elisa Gutiérrez-Pliego, Eneida Del Socorro Camarillo-Romero, Laura Patricia Montenegro-Morales, José de Jesus Garduño-García
BACKGROUND: The objetive in this study is to determine the relationship between dietary patterns, BMI, type 2 diabetes mellitus family history (T2DMFH) and some lifestyle variables such as smoking and skipping breakfast in a Mexican adolescent population. METHODS: Cross-sectional, observational, analytical study.Subjetcts: 14-16 years old male and female adolescents (n 373). A previously validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was used and dietary patterns were derived using principal component analysis (PCA)...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522731/-development-risk-factors-of-early-metabolic-and-vascular-disorders-in-young-subjects
#18
E M Vasil'eva, A V Nikitin, A A Bulat, S V Zhemnchuzhnikov
Deterioration of health characteristics and ever increasing diabetes and cardiovascular morbidity among young subjects imply the necessity of identification ofpossible risk factors of these conditions. We evaluated the prevalence of hyperlipoproteinemia and adipose tissue activity based on the results of screening for resistin level, aggravated heredity, disordered hydrocarbon metabolism, overweight, arterial hypertension, behaviour (physical overstrain, hypokinesia, smoking, inadequate dietary regime). The risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus and overall risk of cardiovascular disorders were calculated...
2016: Klinicheskaia Meditsina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508956/eating-habits-and-presence-of-cardiovascular-risks-in-children
#19
Sandra Maria Barbalho, Lia Carolina Sato Fontana, Eder Francisco Ribeiro Finalli, Karla Aparecida Martuchi, Marcelle Caetano Ferreira, Marcio Emílio Paiva Filho, Sineide Virginia da Conceição Cerri, Vivianne Sasaki, Ana Paula Machado Spada, Marie Oshiiwa, Mirele Cristine Batista Dos Santos, Leticia Maria Pescinini-Salzedas, Lucas Silva Bragante
INTRODUCTION: The changes in the eating habits associated with physical inactivity are directly related to the increase in the prevalence of obesity and associated diseases such as diabetes mellitus (DM), metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the frequency of consumption of some food groups (snacks, fruits, vegetables and candies), physical exercise, nutritional classification and biochemical profile in children...
August 10, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27482300/oral-environment-and-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Yasusei Kudo, Hidesuke Tada, Natsumi Fujiwara, Yoshiko Tada, Takaaki Tsunematsu, Yoichiro Miyake, Naozumi Ishimaru
Cancer is now the leading cause of death in Japan. A rapid increase in cancer mortality is expected as Japan is facing a super-aged society. Many causes of cancer are known to be closely linked to life style factors, such as smoking, drinking, and diet. The oral environment is known to be involved in the pathogenesis and development of various diseases such as bronchitis, pneumonia, diabetes, heart disease, and dementia. Because the oral cavity acts as the bodily entrance for air and food, it is constantly exposed to foreign substances, including bacteria and viruses...
2016: Genes and Environment: the Official Journal of the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society
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