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Food habits and diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128304/symptoms-of-mental-illness-and-their-impact-on-managing-type-2-diabetes-in-adults
#1
Adriana Cimo, Carolyn S Dewa
OBJECTIVES: People with mental illnesses are more likely to experience diabetes-related complications that can reduce life expectancy by 10 to 15 years. Diabetes management and outcomes can be improved when lifestyle interventions addressing healthful eating habits and physical activity use content tailored to the learning needs of individuals or groups. Understanding the challenges that prevent adherence to diabetes recommendations can start to inform the design of tailored diabetes education care...
November 8, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117118/diet-and-asthma-is-it-time-to-adapt-our-message
#2
REVIEW
Laurent Guilleminault, Evan J Williams, Hayley A Scott, Bronwyn S Berthon, Megan Jensen, Lisa G Wood
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disorder which is associated with airway inflammation. Environmental factors, in association with genetic susceptibility, play a critical role in asthma pathophysiology. Inhaled allergens, smoke exposure, indoor and outdoor air pollution are common triggers of asthma symptoms. Although the role of diet has clearly established mechanisms in diseases such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and cancer, it is not commonly identified as a causal factor in asthma. However, some dietary patterns, such as the Western diet, which includes a high intake of refined grains, processed and red meats, and desserts, have pro-inflammatory effects...
November 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071251/a-study-on-the-prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-diabetes-and-hypertension-among-school-children-in-majmaah-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#3
Ahmed Syed Meraj, Mansour Mohammed Al
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of risk factors for diabetes and hypertension in Saudi school children has achieved epidemic proportions because of enriched lifestyles. The aim of this study is to conduct a baseline study of such risk factors in a young population at the cusp of high-end technology and material comfort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done among school children using parental assisted self-questionnaires and anthropometric assessment of their vital statistics...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063908/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-effect-on-insulin-resistance
#4
Francesco Baratta, Daniele Pastori, Licia Polimeni, Tommaso Bucci, Fabrizio Ceci, Cinzia Calabrese, Ilaria Ernesti, Gaetano Pannitteri, Francesco Violi, Francesco Angelico, Maria Del Ben
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of cardiometabolic disorders, including non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), is increasing in western countries, because of changes in lifestyle and dietary habits. Mediterranean Diet (Med-Diet) is effective for cardiovascular prevention, but its relationship with NAFLD has been scarcely investigated. METHODS: We included 584 consecutive outpatients presenting with one or more cardiovascular risk factor such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), arterial hypertension, overweight/obesity, and dyslipidemia...
October 24, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038694/dietary-habits-physical-activity-and-diabetes-perception-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-tabuk-city-saudi-arabia
#5
Nadiyah Abdullah Al-Mountashiri, Amal Mohammad Al-Zhrani, Shereen Fawzy Hafez Ibrahim, Hyder Othman Mirghani
BACKGROUND: Medical nutritional therapy is an important aspect of diabetes care, there is an increasing awareness of breakfast skipping, late dinner and meal contents on diabetes control. AIM: To assess dietary habits, physical activity and diabetes perception among patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted among patients with diabetes mellitus at the diabetes center in Tabuk City, Saudi Arabia during the period from March through June 2017...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032525/determinants-of-serum-organochlorine-pesticide-and-polychlorinated-biphenyl-levels-in-middle-aged-korean-adults
#6
Jun-Tae Kim, Jung-Ho Kang, Yoon-Seok Chang, Duk-Hee Lee, Sung-Deuk Choi
The serum levels of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in a middle-aged Korean population and investigated associations with age, gender, body mass index (BMI), metabolic syndrome (MS), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and dietary habits. The median concentrations of 22 OCPs and 34 PCBs in the serum samples were 483 and 216 ng g(-1) lipid, respectively. The most abundant compound was p,p'-DDE, followed by PCB 153, β-HCH, PCB 118, and PCB 180. The results of multiple linear regression and other statistical analyses revealed that serum OCP and PCB levels were higher in women and were positively correlated with age...
October 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022562/ketogenic-diet-in-endocrine-disorders-current-perspectives
#7
REVIEW
L Gupta, D Khandelwal, S Kalra, P Gupta, D Dutta, S Aggarwal
Ketogenic diet (KD) is a high-fat, adequate-protein, and low-carbohydrate diet that leads to nutritional ketosis, long known for antiepileptic effects and has been used therapeutically to treat refractory epilepsy. This review attempts to summarize the evidence and clinical application of KD in diabetes, obesity, and other endocrine disorders. KD is usually animal protein based. An empiric vegetarian Indian variant of KD has been provided keeping in mind the Indian food habits. KD has beneficial effects on cardiac ischemic preconditioning, improves oxygenation in patients with respiratory failure, improves glycemic control in diabetics, is associated with significant weight loss, and has a beneficial impact on polycystic ovarian syndrome...
October 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021948/the-association-between-distance-to-public-amenities-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-lower-income-singaporeans
#8
K K Lim, Y H Kwan, C S Tan, L L Low, A P Chua, W Y Lee, L Pang, H Y Tay, S Y Chan, T Ostbye
Existing evidence on the association between built environment and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors focused on the general population, which may not generalize to higher risk subgroups such as those with lower socio-economic status (SES). We examined the associations between distance to 5 public amenities from residential housing (public polyclinic, subsidized private clinic, healthier eatery, public park and train station) and 12 CVD risk factors (physical inactivity, medical histories and unhealthy dietary habits) among a study sample of low income Singaporeans aged ≥ 40 years (N = 1972)...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989872/current-indicators-of-nutritional-care-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-in-india-do-we-need-a-national-nutritional-guideline
#9
Sanjay Kalra, Ashok Kumar Das, P Raghupathy, Subhankar Chowdhury, Banshi D Saboo, P Dinakaran, Shuchy Chugh
BACKGROUND: Nutrition is an important pillar of management in children with type 1 diabetes. Indian food is heavily influenced by region, religion, traditions, seasons, and cultural choices. This survey was done to assess current practices and the need for India specific nutritional guidelines for children with type 1 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two 12-item questionnaires were administered to forty health-care professionals across India. The first questionnaire evaluated current clinical practice indicators for nutrition in these children and second assessed practices for counseling a child on dietary habits...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875833/phytocompounds-as-potential-agents-to-treat-obesity-cardiovascular-ailments
#10
Balaji Meriga, Muni Swamy Ganjayi, Brahma Naidu Parim
Obesity is no longer considered as a cosmetic issue as it is a potential risk factor to develop hypertension, type-2 diabetes, cardio vascular diseases (CVDs), infertility, arthritis etc. Apart from genetic factors, changes in life styles, food and work habits have lead to alarming raise in obesity ailments in both developed and developing countries. The excess and unutilized food takenin is converted into lipid components, primarily triglycerides and is stored in the liver, adipose and other tissues; if the positive energy balance extends a longer period it will lead to overweight, obesity and CVDs...
August 30, 2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864708/does-supplementation-with-carnosine-improve-cardiometabolic-health-and-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-pre-diabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#11
Estifanos Baye, Kirthi Menon, Maximilian Pj de Courten, Arul Earnest, James Cameron, Barbora de Courten
INTRODUCTION: Carnosine, an over-the-counter food supplement, has a promising potential for the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes (T2DM), cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases through its anti-inflammatory, antiglycation, antioxidative and chelating effects. We have previously shown that supplementation with carnosine preserves insulin sensitivity and secretion in non-diabetic overweight and obese individuals. The effect of carnosine on cardiometabolic risk and related cognitive outcomes in patients with pre-diabetes and T2DM has thus far not been studied...
September 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851251/targeting-aging-with-functional-food-pasta-with-opuntia-single-arm-pilot-study
#12
Anna Aiello, Danilo Di Bona, Giuseppina Candore, Ciriaco Carru, Angelo Zinellu, Giuseppe Di Miceli, Aldo Nicosia, Caterina Maria Gambino, Paolo Ruisi, Calogero Caruso, Sonya Vasto, Giulia Accardi
Interventions to extend life span represent the new perspective in aging investigation. Healthy dietary habits are important modifiable factors that can favor a healthy aging phenotype. Many studies have demonstrated benefits for metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus resulting from the traditional Mediterranean foods. Opuntia Ficus Indica (OFI), widespread in the Mediterranean basin, belongs to the Cactaceae family. It is known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Moreover, products containing extracts from OFI fruits or cladodes have been used to control obesity and other metabolic parameters, such as glycemia and lipid profile...
October 10, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836113/association-of-obesity-and-diabetes-with-thyroid-nodules
#13
Silvio Buscemi, Fatima Maria Massenti, Sonya Vasto, Fabio Galvano, Carola Buscemi, Davide Corleo, Anna Maria Barile, Giuseppe Rosafio, Nadia Rini, Carla Giordano
AIM: There are conflicting data concerning the possibility that obesity and diabetes raise the risk of thyroid nodules. The incidence of thyroid nodules is increasing, as is that of obesity and diabetes; therefore, understanding whether these metabolic and nutritional disorders influence nodular thyroid disease is important for organizing prevention strategies. This study investigated the association between thyroid nodules, obesity, diabetes, and dietary habits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of randomly selected adults (455 males, 746 females; age: 18-90 years) living in Palermo (Italy), a mild iodine deficiency area, was cross-sectionally investigated...
August 23, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829397/precision-nutrition-a-review-of-personalized-nutritional-approaches-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-metabolic-syndrome
#14
REVIEW
Juan de Toro-Martín, Benoit J Arsenault, Jean-Pierre Després, Marie-Claude Vohl
The translation of the growing increase of findings emerging from basic nutritional science into meaningful and clinically relevant dietary advices represents nowadays one of the main challenges of clinical nutrition. From nutrigenomics to deep phenotyping, many factors need to be taken into account in designing personalized and unbiased nutritional solutions for individuals or population sub-groups. Likewise, a concerted effort among basic, clinical scientists and health professionals will be needed to establish a comprehensive framework allowing the implementation of these new findings at the population level...
August 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821321/educational-level-and-family-structure-influence-the-dietary-changes-after-the-diagnosis-of-type-2-diabetes-evidence-from-the-e3n-study
#15
Francesca Romana Mancini, Aurelie Affret, Courtney Dow, Beverley Balkau, Hélène Bihan, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Fabrice Bonnet, Guy Fagherazzi
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) has no cure but can be controlled by medication, diet, and lifestyle changes. It has been suggested that diabetes dietary self-management is more difficult for people with socioeconomic difficulties. The objective of our study was to test the hypothesis that socioeconomic factors impact the change of diet after T2D diagnosis. The 57 304 French women included in the present study answered food frequency questionnaires in 1993 and 2005 and questionnaires on socioeconomic factors, and were free from T2D in 1993...
August 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814977/worse-inflammatory-profile-in-omnivores-than-in-vegetarians-associates-with-the-gut-microbiota-composition
#16
Ana Carolina Franco-de-Moraes, Bianca de Almeida-Pititto, Gabriel da Rocha Fernandes, Everton Padilha Gomes, Alexandre da Costa Pereira, Sandra Roberta G Ferreira
AIMS: To describe the abundance of major phyla and some genera in the gut microbiota of individuals according to dietary habits and examine their associations with inflammatory markers, insulin resistance, and cardiovascular risk profile. METHODS: A total of 268 non-diabetic individuals were stratified into groups of dietary types (strict vegetarians, lacto-ovo-vegetarians, and omnivores). The taxonomic composition and phylogenetic structure of the microbiota were obtained through the analysis of the 16S rRNA gene...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810485/risk-perception-self-efficacy-trust-for-physician-depression-and-behavior-modification-in-diabetic-patients
#17
Hissei Imai, Toshiaki A Furukawa, Shin-U Hayashi, Atsushi Goto, Kazuo Izumi, Yasuaki Hayashino, Mitsuhiko Noda
We evaluated the associations of risk perception, self-efficacy, and trust with two health promotion behaviors (food habits and exercise) and depressive mood. Diabetic patients aged between 40 and 64 ( n = 1195) were included in the analyses. Risk perception worsened behavioral changes in terms of food habits and depression, whereas self-efficacy and trust improved food habits, exercise, and depression; trust improved exercise and depression. In conclusion, self-efficacy and trust appear to be more beneficial than risk perception for positive behavioral changes and for improving depression in diabetic patients...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772082/food-sources-of-sodium-saturated-fat-and-added-sugar-in-the-physical-activity-and-nutrition-for-diabetes-in-alberta-panda-trial
#18
Ghada Asaad, Catherine B Chan
Diabetic patients may find it difficult to achieve recommended nutrient intakes embedded within dietary guidelines. The objective of this analysis was to document total sodium, saturated fat, and added sugar intake as well as the main food sources of these nutrients in Canadian adults with type 2 diabetes before and after an intervention focused on healthy eating. Participants were enrolled in a single-arm dietary intervention trial designed to improve glycemic control and adherence to dietary recommendations...
August 3, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770180/the-association-between-food-group-consumption-patterns-and-early-metabolic-syndrome-risk-in-non-diabetic-healthy-people
#19
Rimkyo Yeo, So Ra Yoon, Oh Yoen Kim
We investigated the association between dietary habits/food group consumption patterns and early risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS), a main cause for metabolic disease. Study participants were recruited from the health promotion center in Dong-A University Hospital and public advertisement. Study subjects (n = 243, 21-80 years) were categorized into three groups: Super-healthy (MetS risk factor [MetS RF] = 0, n = 111), MetS-risk carriers (MetS RF = 1-2, n = 96), and MetS (MetS RF ≥ 3, n = 27). Higher regularity in dietary habits (breakfast-everyday, regular eating time, non-frequent overeating, and non-frequent eating-out) was observed in the Super-healthy group than in the MetS-risk carriers, and particularly in the MetS subjects...
July 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737363/-dietary-habits-among-type-2-diabetic-patients-attending-the-abidjan-diabetes-centre
#20
Sassor Odile Purifine Ake-Tano, Franck Kokora Ekou, Yao Eugène Konan, Ekissi Orsot Tetchi, Denise Olga Kpebo, Stéphane Parfait Sable, Félix Aka, Ncho Simplice Dagnan
Objectives: The prevalence of diabetes is rapidly increasing in sub-Saharan Africa. Healthy lifestyle and dietary conditions play a key role in the control of blood sugar imbalance and cardiovascular complications of diabetes. This study was designed to describe the profile and dietary habits of type 2 diabetic patients attending the Abidjan Diabetes Centre (CADA), and to identify related factors. Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive and analytic study was conducted in 2014 at the CADA. A total of 384 patients were included...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
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