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Food habits and diabetes

K Warfa, I Drake, P Wallström, G Engström, E Sonestedt
Previous studies have suggested that a high intake of sugar-sweetened beverages is positively associated with the risk of a coronary event. However, a few studies have examined the association between sucrose (the most common extrinsic sugar in Sweden) and incident coronary events. The objective of the present study was to examine the associations between sucrose intake and coronary event risk and to determine whether these associations are specific to certain subgroups of the population (i.e. according to physical activity, obesity status, educational level, alcohol consumption, smoking habits, intake of fat and intake of fruits and vegetables)...
October 24, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Vendula Bartáková, Katarína Kuricová, Filip Zlámal, Jana Bělobrádková, Katetřina Kaňková
PURPOSE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) represents the most frequent metabolic disorder in pregnancy. Since dietary intake plays an important role in obesity and type 2 diabetes development, it is likely to be for the susceptibility to GDM too. Food preferences, driving partly the diet composition, are changing during pregnancy. Taste and genetic variability in taste receptors is an important factor in determining food preferences. Aims of our study were (1) to characterize dietary habits of pregnant women and to find possible differences in food preferences between healthy pregnant women and those with GDM and (2) to ascertain possible association of several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in taste receptor (TR) genes with GDM...
October 18, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
S Sonomtseren, Y Sankhuu, J D Warfel, D L Johannsen, C M Peterson, B Vandanmagsar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a weight loss intervention in Mongolian adults with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus and with BMIs ≥ 25.0 kg/m(2). METHODS: Eighty participants (33 men/47 women) aged 32-56 years old received education sessions to improve nutritional habits and increase physical activity. Participants were counselled in-person on two occasions with regular follow-up by phone to eat less (reduce calorie intake by 30-40% and consume fewer fatty foods), shift food intake to earlier in a day and increase physical activity such as walking, jogging, running and biking...
September 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
M B Mishra, Shanu Mishra
Ubiquitously unhealthy eating and drinking habits and the development of multiple morbidities, including obesity, type-2 diabetes, dental caries and dental erosion have become a major challenge for physicians, dentists and parents. Modernization has provided heaps of option for outdoor eating and sugar-containing drinks. Even the "diet" labeled drinks are considered not free from sugars and enhances calorie input. With the increasing trends of eating unhealthy, sticky and readily available, refined carbohydrate-rich foods and drinks, problems pertaining to body's metabolic activity and oral health have also been significantly recognized...
May 2011: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Nassia Kioukia-Fougia, Nikolaos Georgiadis, Konstantinos Tsarouhas, Fotini Vasilaki, Persefoni Fragiadaki, Evangelia Meimeti, Christina Tsitsimpikou
BACKGROUND: The modern way of life involves high stress levels, poor eating habits, lack of exercise, obesity and other detrimental health factors. Nutritional supplements (NS) are complexes of nutrients with variant activity that may infer reversal to nutrient depletion. They tend to be popular amongst social categories associated with the healthy life style, such as the elite and amateur athletes, military people and the general population. OBJECTIVE: An overview of the state of play with regards to nutritional supplements -natural and synthetic-, is important both from toxicological and commercial point of view...
September 23, 2016: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
Michael A Grandner, Azizi Seixas, Safal Shetty, Sundeep Shenoy
Sleep is important for regulating many physiologic functions that relate to metabolism. Because of this, there is substantial evidence to suggest that sleep habits and sleep disorders are related to diabetes risk. In specific, insufficient sleep duration and/or sleep restriction in the laboratory, poor sleep quality, and sleep disorders such as insomnia and sleep apnea have all been associated with diabetes risk. This research spans epidemiologic and laboratory studies. Both physiologic mechanisms such as insulin resistance, decreased leptin, and increased ghrelin and inflammation and behavioral mechanisms such as increased food intake, impaired decision-making, and increased likelihood of other behavioral risk factors such as smoking, sedentary behavior, and alcohol use predispose to both diabetes and obesity, which itself is an important diabetes risk factor...
November 2016: Current Diabetes Reports
Itziar Abete, Maria Angeles Zulet, Estíbaliz Goyenechea, Vanessa Blazquez, Ana Maria de Arce Borda, Adolfo Lopez de Munain, J Alfredo Martinez
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle, including dietary patterns, could involve specific factors participating in inflammation that confer a higher risk of suffering a stroke. However, little attention has been apparently given to habitual food consumption in patients suffering a cerebrovascular event. OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of dietary habits as well as other lifestyle-related variables on the risk of suffering a stroke. DESIGN: A case-control study was designed...
September 7, 2016: Nutritional Neuroscience
Branca M Silva, Tânia R Dias, Marco G Alves, Susana Casal
BACKGROUND: The incidence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is reaching alarming proportions worldwide, particularly because it is increasingly affecting younger people. This reflects the sedentary lifestyle and inappropriate dietary habits, especially due to the advent of processed foods in modern societies. Thus, unsurprisingly, the first medical recommendation to patients with clinically evident DM is the alteration in their eating behaviour, particularly regarding carbohydrates and total energy intake...
September 5, 2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
James W Daily, Sunmin Park
OBJECTIVES: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is associated with the risk for Alzheimer's disease and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to examine the association of BDNF variants with type 2 diabetes and the interactions of different BDNF genotypes with dietary habits and food and nutrient intakes in middle-aged adults. METHODS: The study population included 8840 adults ages 40 to 65 y from the Ansan and Asung areas in the Korean Genome Epidemiology Study, a cross-sectional study of Korean adults, conducted from 2001 to 2002...
July 26, 2016: Nutrition
Laura Elisa Gutiérrez-Pliego, Eneida Del Socorro Camarillo-Romero, Laura Patricia Montenegro-Morales, José de Jesus Garduño-García
BACKGROUND: The objetive in this study is to determine the relationship between dietary patterns, BMI, type 2 diabetes mellitus family history (T2DMFH) and some lifestyle variables such as smoking and skipping breakfast in a Mexican adolescent population. METHODS: Cross-sectional, observational, analytical study.Subjetcts: 14-16 years old male and female adolescents (n 373). A previously validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was used and dietary patterns were derived using principal component analysis (PCA)...
2016: BMC Public Health
E M Vasil'eva, A V Nikitin, A A Bulat, S V Zhemnchuzhnikov
Deterioration of health characteristics and ever increasing diabetes and cardiovascular morbidity among young subjects imply the necessity of identification ofpossible risk factors of these conditions. We evaluated the prevalence of hyperlipoproteinemia and adipose tissue activity based on the results of screening for resistin level, aggravated heredity, disordered hydrocarbon metabolism, overweight, arterial hypertension, behaviour (physical overstrain, hypokinesia, smoking, inadequate dietary regime). The risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus and overall risk of cardiovascular disorders were calculated...
2016: Klinicheskaia Meditsina
Sandra Maria Barbalho, Lia Carolina Sato Fontana, Eder Francisco Ribeiro Finalli, Karla Aparecida Martuchi, Marcelle Caetano Ferreira, Marcio Emílio Paiva Filho, Sineide Virginia da Conceição Cerri, Vivianne Sasaki, Ana Paula Machado Spada, Marie Oshiiwa, Mirele Cristine Batista Dos Santos, Leticia Maria Pescinini-Salzedas, Lucas Silva Bragante
INTRODUCTION: The changes in the eating habits associated with physical inactivity are directly related to the increase in the prevalence of obesity and associated diseases such as diabetes mellitus (DM), metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the frequency of consumption of some food groups (snacks, fruits, vegetables and candies), physical exercise, nutritional classification and biochemical profile in children...
August 10, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Yasusei Kudo, Hidesuke Tada, Natsumi Fujiwara, Yoshiko Tada, Takaaki Tsunematsu, Yoichiro Miyake, Naozumi Ishimaru
Cancer is now the leading cause of death in Japan. A rapid increase in cancer mortality is expected as Japan is facing a super-aged society. Many causes of cancer are known to be closely linked to life style factors, such as smoking, drinking, and diet. The oral environment is known to be involved in the pathogenesis and development of various diseases such as bronchitis, pneumonia, diabetes, heart disease, and dementia. Because the oral cavity acts as the bodily entrance for air and food, it is constantly exposed to foreign substances, including bacteria and viruses...
2016: Genes and Environment: the Official Journal of the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society
Harriet A Allen, Alison Chambers, Jacqueline Blissett, Magdalena Chechlacz, Timothy Barrett, Suzanne Higgs, Arie Nouwen
Social context, specifically within the family, influences adolescent eating behaviours and thus their health. Little is known about the specific mechanisms underlying the effects of parental feeding practices on eating. We explored relationships between parental feeding practices and adolescent eating habits and brain activity in response to viewing food images. Fifty- seven adolescents (15 with type 2 diabetes mellitus, 21 obese and 21 healthy weight controls) underwent fMRI scanning whilst viewing images of food or matched control images...
2016: PloS One
Martin J O'Donnell, Siu Lim Chin, Sumathy Rangarajan, Denis Xavier, Lisheng Liu, Hongye Zhang, Purnima Rao-Melacini, Xiaohe Zhang, Prem Pais, Steven Agapay, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Albertino Damasceno, Peter Langhorne, Matthew J McQueen, Annika Rosengren, Mahshid Dehghan, Graeme J Hankey, Antonio L Dans, Ahmed Elsayed, Alvaro Avezum, Charles Mondo, Hans-Christoph Diener, Danuta Ryglewicz, Anna Czlonkowska, Nana Pogosova, Christian Weimar, Romaina Iqbal, Rafael Diaz, Khalid Yusoff, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Aytekin Oguz, Xingyu Wang, Ernesto Penaherrera, Fernando Lanas, Okechukwu S Ogah, Adesola Ogunniyi, Helle K Iversen, German Malaga, Zvonko Rumboldt, Shahram Oveisgharan, Fawaz Al Hussain, Daliwonga Magazi, Yongchai Nilanont, John Ferguson, Guillaume Pare, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability, especially in low-income and middle-income countries. We sought to quantify the importance of potentially modifiable risk factors for stroke in different regions of the world, and in key populations and primary pathological subtypes of stroke. METHODS: We completed a standardised international case-control study in 32 countries in Asia, America, Europe, Australia, the Middle East, and Africa. Cases were patients with acute first stroke (within 5 days of symptom onset and 72 h of hospital admission)...
August 20, 2016: Lancet
Kimberly S George, Calpurnyia B Roberts, Stephen Beasley, Margaretta Fox, Kweli Rashied-Henry
PURPOSE: Design, implement, and evaluate a 6-week social marketing campaign (SMC) to raise awareness of obesity and increase involvement in type 2 diabetes prevention, nutrition, and fitness programs offered by the Brooklyn Partnership to Drive Down Diabetes (BP3D) in two low-income, urban communities. DESIGN: This was a nonexperimental, formative research, mixed-methods study. SETTING: The study took place in Central Brooklyn and East New York, two of the most impoverished, high-need communities in New York City...
March 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Saeed Akhtar
Health outcomes of vitamin D deficiency (VDD) are beyond rickets, osteomalacia, osteoporosis, falls and fractures and have now touched the boundaries of CVD, diabetes and many types of cancer. Therefore, thinking of mere dependence on the sun to meet vitamin D requirements under the existing set of conditions is erroneous. Pakistan as a developing economy of South Asia and a region spanning latitude 24° 35' North and longitude 61° East to 78° East, gravely suffers from increased VDD among pregnant women, neonates, infants, children, adolescents, adults, and the elderly people despite its abundant sunshine...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Sílvia Paredes, Claudia Matta-Coelho, Ana Margarida Monteiro, Alice Brás, Olinda Marques, Marta Alves, Laura Ribeiro
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), cardiovascular disease (CVD) and the cardiovascular effect of antidiabetic drugs are today critical medical issues, with the prevalence of T2DM in particular showing a steep increase worldwide, mainly due to unhealthy lifestyle habits. T2DM in association with obesity and other cardiovascular risk factors, results in the development of CVD, the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with T2DM. Thus, treatment of T2DM is an individualized and complex challenge in which targeting cardiovascular risk factors is an important component in the decision making...
April 2016: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Sandra Benavides-Vaello, Sharon A Brown
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore how low-income Hispanic women, with at least 10 years of having type 2 diabetes, successfully manage the disease within a sociocultural context, especially in relation to foodways. BACKGROUND: Managing type 2 diabetes is challenging, particularly for underserved populations such as low-income Hispanic women. This population segment has higher rates of type 2 diabetes, diabetes-related complications, obesity, and sedentary lifestyles than the general U...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Regina Shirley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Diabetes Self-management
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