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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880038/excessive-vomiting-in-pregnancy-active-component-service-women-u-s-armed-forces-2005-2014
#1
Valerie F Williams, Leslie L Clark, Gi-Taik Oh
Up to 80% of women experience some form of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. However, in some women, nausea and vomiting can be excessive and require inpatient and/or outpatient treatment. Data were obtained on 149,071 live births from 116,510 service women from 1 January 2005 through 31 December 2014. A total of 19,175 of the service women with live births had pregnancies complicated by excessive vomiting in pregnancy (EVP) and accounted for 20,511 EVP cases (overall rate of 13.8%). Mild and severe hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) combined accounted for almost two-thirds of the total EVP cases...
November 2016: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878468/the-risk-of-adverse-pregnancy-outcome-after-first-trimester-exposure-to-h1-antihistamines-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Fatma Etwel, Lauren H Faught, Michael J Rieder, Gideon Koren
INTRODUCTION: H1 antihistamines are used for the treatment of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy as well as the symptomatic relief of asthma, urticaria, allergy, and the common cold. Although they are overall felt to be safe during pregnancy, recently several studies have challenged this assumption, as millions of women are exposed to them in the first trimester. METHODS: Following the guidelines of PRISMA, a systematic review was performed to retrieve all published articles involving H1-antihistamine exposure during pregnancy...
November 22, 2016: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862959/understanding-zika-virus
#3
John S Murray
PURPOSE: This article describes what pediatric healthcare professionals should know about Zika virus (ZIKV). LITERATURE REVIEW: ZIKV is classified as an arthropod-borne, single-stranded RNA virus of the Flaviviridae family and genus Flavivirus. ZIKV is not new. The virus was first discovered almost 70 years ago in Uganda. The first isolate of the virus was found in rhesus monkeys in the Zika Forrest, hence the nomenclature. The primary route of ZIKV transmission to humans is through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito-primarily Aedes aegypti...
November 9, 2016: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861509/parasitological-clearance-rates-and-drug-concentrations-of-a-fixed-dose-combination-of-azithromycin-chloroquine-in-asymptomatic-pregnant-women-with-plasmodium-falciparum-parasitemia-an-open-label-non-comparative-study-in-sub-saharan-africa
#4
Kamija Phiri, Joshua Kimani, George A Mtove, Qinying Zhao, Ricardo Rojo, Jeffery Robbins, Stephan Duparc, Ayman Ayoub, Pol Vandenbroucke
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in pregnant women and their newborn babies in sub-Saharan Africa. Intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) to reduce the burden of disease and improve maternal and neonatal survival and general health. Due to the growing resistance to sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP), the current WHO-recommended drug for IPTp, identification of new and effective drugs is an urgent priority...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842925/a-rare-case-of-right-lower-quadrant-abdominal-pain
#5
Mark Macedo, Brian Kim, Rami Khoury, Larry Narkiewicz
Isolated fallopian tube torsion without involvement of the ovary is a rare condition most frequently presenting during reproductive years. Imaging, vitals, physical exam, and laboratory findings all fail to help establish a definitive diagnosis. The majority of the diagnoses are made on the operating table. Physical exam most often reveals unilateral and localized abdominal pain, often with nausea and vomiting, but few other reliably common findings. Diagnosis becomes even more challenging due to the fact that isolated tubal torsion occurs often in pregnancy and preferentially on the right, further complicating the clinical picture...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821979/comparison-of-efficacy-of-granisetron-and-promethazine-in-control-of-hyperemesis-gravidarum
#6
Ashraf Aleyasin, Elham Saffarieh, Hassan Torkamandi, Somayeh Hanafi, Fariborz Sadeghi, Atossa Mahdavi, Fatemeh Bahmaei, Mohammadreza Javadi
PURPOSE: Hyperemesis gravidarum is the third leading cause of hospitalization during pregnancy. 5-HT3-receptor antagonists are the most effective against chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting and radiation. This randomized study aimed to compare and evaluate the efficacies of granisetron and promethazine for controlling nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. METHODS: The included patients were administered (oral and intravenous) granisetron and promethazine randomly...
December 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793206/mog-igg-in-nmo-and-related-disorders-a-multicenter-study-of-50-patients-part-2-epidemiology-clinical-presentation-radiological-and-laboratory-features-treatment-responses-and-long-term-outcome
#7
Sven Jarius, Klemens Ruprecht, Ingo Kleiter, Nadja Borisow, Nasrin Asgari, Kalliopi Pitarokoili, Florence Pache, Oliver Stich, Lena-Alexandra Beume, Martin W Hümmert, Marius Ringelstein, Corinna Trebst, Alexander Winkelmann, Alexander Schwarz, Mathias Buttmann, Hanna Zimmermann, Joseph Kuchling, Diego Franciotta, Marco Capobianco, Eberhard Siebert, Carsten Lukas, Mirjam Korporal-Kuhnke, Jürgen Haas, Kai Fechner, Alexander U Brandt, Kathrin Schanda, Orhan Aktas, Friedemann Paul, Markus Reindl, Brigitte Wildemann
BACKGROUND: A subset of patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) has been shown to be seropositive for myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies (MOG-IgG). OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiological, clinical, radiological, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and electrophysiological features of a large cohort of MOG-IgG-positive patients with optic neuritis (ON) and/or myelitis (n = 50) as well as attack and long-term treatment outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective multicenter study...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781267/maternal-health-in-pregnancy-and-associations-with-adverse-birth-outcomes-evidence-from-growing-up-in-new-zealand
#8
Amy L Bird, Cameron C Grant, Dinusha K Bandara, Jatender Mohal, Polly E Atatoa-Carr, Michelle R Wise, Hazel Inskip, Motohide Miyahara, Susan M B Morton
OBJECTIVE: To examine prospectively multiple indicators of pregnancy health and associations with adverse birth outcomes within a large, diverse sample of contemporary women. DESIGN: A cohort of pregnant women who gave birth during 2009-10. POPULATION: We enrolled a sample of 6822 pregnant New Zealand (NZ) women: 11% of all births in NZ during the recruitment period. METHODS: We analysed a number of maternal health indicators and behaviours during pregnancy in relation to birth outcomes using multivariable logistic regression...
October 26, 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766821/gitelman-syndrome-presenting-during-pregnancy-with-adverse-foetal-outcome
#9
N Nand, A R Deshmukh, R Mathur, V Chauhan, Brijlal
Gitelman syndrome (GS) is a rare autosomal recessive salt-losing tubulopathy. The incidence of Gitelman syndrome is 25 cases in 1 million among western population. This patient presented with loose stool, vomiting and sudden onset quadriparesis. Investigations revealed hypokalaemia, metabolic acidosis, hypomagnesaemia, hypocalciuria, hypermagnesuria. Symptoms and hypokalemia improved after starting oral magnesium and potassium supplements. But the patient again presented with symptomatic hypokalemia and delivered a still born foetus with hydrocephalus...
October 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763704/the-human-serotonin-type-3-receptor-gene-htr3a-e-allelic-variant-database
#10
Jacopo Celli, Gudrun Rappold, Beate Niesler
Serotonin type 3 (5-HT3 ) receptors are ligand-gated ion channels formed by five subunits (5-HT3A-E), which are encoded by the HTR3A, HTR3B, HTR3C, HTR3D, and HTR3E genes. Functional receptors are pentameric complexes of diverse composition. Different receptor subtypes confer a predisposition to nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy, pregnancy, and following surgery. In addition, different subtypes contribute to neurogastroenterologic disorders such irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and eating disorders as well as comorbid psychiatric conditions...
October 20, 2016: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733901/hyperemesis-gravidarum-in-northern-israel-a-retrospective-epidemiological-study
#11
Tom Konikoff, Tehila Avraham, Ella Ophir, Jacob Bornstein
BACKGROUND: Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is characterized by severe intractable nausea and vomiting in pregnancy leading to electrolyte imbalance, ketonuria, and weight loss. The cause is unknown. This study sought to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of HG in the Western Galilee in two ethnic populations and to estimate its economic burden. METHODS: Data on ethnicity, age, gestational age, number of pregnancies, and length of hospitalization were collected from the medical files of all women with HG admitted to the Galilee Medical Center in 2010-2013...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731292/treatments-for-hyperemesis-gravidarum-and-nausea-and-vomiting-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-economic-assessment
#12
Amy O'Donnell, Catherine McParlin, Stephen C Robson, Fiona Beyer, Eoin Moloney, Andrew Bryant, Jennifer Bradley, Colin Muirhead, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Justine Norman, Emma Simpson, Brian Swallow, Laura Yates, Luke Vale
BACKGROUND: Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) affects up to 85% of all women during pregnancy, but for the majority self-management suffices. For the remainder, symptoms are more severe and the most severe form of NVP - hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) - affects 0.3-1.0% of pregnant women. There is no widely accepted point at which NVP becomes HG. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the relative clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of treatments for NVP and HG...
October 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721728/spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis-and-anasarca-in-a-female-patient-with-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome-complicated-by-respiratory-and-kidney-failure
#13
Muhammad Abdul Mabood Khalil, Muhammad Salman Ghazni, Jackson Tan, Nazish Naseer, Muhammad Ashhad Ullah Khalil
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) was first described in 1960. It may occur as a complication of gonadotropin hormone therapy during assisted pregnancy or for primary infertility. A 26-year-old female patient with polycystic ovarian syndrome and primary infertility was treated to conceive. She received intravenous gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) along with follicle-stimulating hormone in an outside private clinic. She presented to the emergency department with abdominal and chest pain, loose stool, vomiting, shortness of breath and decreasing urine output...
May 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701662/treatments-for-nausea-and-vomiting-during-pregnancy
#14
Jill Jin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687382/iterative-epidural-blood-patch-for-recurrent-spontaneous-intracranial-hypotension-during-pregnancy
#15
Joséphine Grange, Gilbert Lorre, Guillaume Ducarme
A 30-year-old woman at 28 weeks presented with sudden onset of intense headache, epigastric pain, hot flushes, nausea, vomiting, and stiff neck. Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging showed pathognonomic signs of spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH). Epidural blood patch was performed 2 times during pregnancy for symptoms relief in spite of medical treatments. No other recurrence was noted until the spontaneous delivery. SIH is a rare entity during pregnancy which may be diagnosed using magnetic resonance imaging...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669539/association-of-nausea-and-vomiting-during-pregnancy-with-pregnancy-loss-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Stefanie N Hinkle, Sunni L Mumford, Katherine L Grantz, Robert M Silver, Emily M Mitchell, Lindsey A Sjaarda, Rose G Radin, Neil J Perkins, Noya Galai, Enrique F Schisterman
Importance: Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy have been associated with a reduced risk for pregnancy loss. However, most prior studies enrolled women with clinically recognized pregnancies, thereby missing early losses. Objective: To examine the association of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy with pregnancy loss. Design, Setting, and Participants: A randomized clinical trial, Effects of Aspirin in Gestation and Reproduction, enrolled women with 1 or 2 prior pregnancy losses at 4 US clinical centers from June 15, 2007, to July 15, 2011...
September 26, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644958/medication-utilization-pattern-for-management-of-pregnancy-complications-a-study-in-western-nepal
#17
Ramesh Devkota, G M Khan, Kadir Alam, Amisha Regmi, Binaya Sapkota
BACKGROUND: Drugs used during pregnancy can adversely affect the health and life of the mother and unborn child. However, the fact that drugs are needed to mitigate complications during pregnancy cannot be avoided. The present study was designed to identify the common complications during pregnancy and assess the medications that have been used to mitigate those complications in an attempt to improve drug prescribing during pregnancy. METHODS: A hospital based cross sectional study was conducted at Manipal Teaching Hospital, Nepal in 275 pregnant women presenting with at least one complication and the drugs prescribed for the management of those complications were analyzed...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594351/health-care-utilisation-of-women-who-experience-pregnancy-related-reflux-nausea-and-or-vomiting
#18
Jane Frawley, Helen Hall, Jon Adams, David Sibbritt
OBJECTIVE: Nausea, vomiting and reflux are common conditions experienced by women during pregnancy. The objective of this project was to examine women's use of health services for these conditions. METHODS: The study sample was obtained via the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. A total of 2445 women who were pregnant or who had recently given birth in 2009 were invited to complete a sub-survey in 2010 about pregnancy and health service utilisation...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579083/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-a-rare-presentation-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-a-pregnant-woman
#19
Leonie Speksnijder, Johannes J Duvekot, Erik J J Duschek, Max C W Jebbink, Henk A Bremer
Pneumomediastinum (PM) or mediastinal emphysema is defined as the presence of free air around mediastinal structures. Spontaneous (or atraumatic) pneumomediastinum (SPM) is a rare complication during pregnancy. Primary or spontaneous PM can arise due to increased intra-alveolar pressure. Secondary PM is due to direct trauma, intrathoracic infections or violation of the aerodigestive track. This case report describes a pregnant woman newly diagnosed with diabetes presenting with an SPM due to vigorously vomiting and Kussmaul's breathing caused by diabetic ketoacidosis...
December 2010: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547390/validation-of-a-food-frequency-questionnaire-for-assessing-vitamin-intake-of-japanese-women-in-early-and-late-pregnancy-with-and-without-nausea-and-vomiting
#20
Seung Chik Jwa, Kohei Ogawa, Minatsu Kobayashi, Naho Morisaki, Haruhiko Sago, Takeo Fujiwara
Maternal vitamin intake during pregnancy is crucial for pregnancy outcomes and the child's subsequent health. However, there are few valid instruments for assessing vitamin intake that address the effects of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy (NVP). This study aimed to investigate the validity of a FFQ concerning vitamin intake during early and late pregnancy with and without NVP. The participants comprised 200 Japanese pregnant women who completed the FFQ and from whom blood samples were taken in early and late pregnancy...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science
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