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Infection AND Central venous catheter

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690925/staphylococcus-epidermidis-meningitis-in-the-absence-of-a-neurosurgical-device-secondary-to-catheter-related-bloodstream-infection-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Taro Noguchi, Miki Nagao, Masaki Yamamoto, Yasufumi Matsumura, Toshiyuki Kitano, Akifumi Takaori-Kondo, Satoshi Ichiyama
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus epidermidis can cause nosocomial meningitis in the presence of prosthetic devices. We describe a case of Staphylococcus epidermidis meningitis in a patient with neutropenia who had no intracranial foreign body, and we review the literature on meningitis that is caused by coagulase-negative Staphylococcus spp. without a neurosurgical device. CASE PRESENTATION: A 47-year-old Japanese man with acute myeloid leukemia receiving chemotherapy through a totally implantable central venous catheter developed fever and headache...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689743/extravasation-of-total-parenteral-nutrition-into-the-liver-from-an-upper-extremity-peripherally-inserted-central-venous-catheter
#2
Arpit Gupta, Alok Bhutada, Miheret Yitayew, Shantanu Rastogi
Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) are the mainstay of central venous access in preterm infants, and one of the common procedures performed in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Complications of PICC include infection, mechanical dysfunction, thrombosis, migration, and extravasation of the infusate. In this report, we describe a case of PICC inserted from an upper extremity with migration into the inferior vena cava (IVC) and the hepatic vein associated with extravasation of the total parenteral nutrition (TPN) into the peritoneum and the liver...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683741/effects-of-prolonged-flushing-interval-in-totally-implantable-venous-access-devices-tivads
#3
Laura Rasero, Lisa Golin, Serena Ditta, Dino Stefano Di Massimo, Alberto Dal Molin, Guya Piemonte
Totally implantable venous access device (TIVAD) lumen occlusion is a long-term complication of central venous catheters, associated with risks of infection, therapy interruptions and increased healthcare costs. The role of flushing and locking in maintaining TIVAD patency is paramount. Most flushing protocols are based on manufacturers' recommendations, which indicate that 4 weeks is the safest interval between two consecutive flushing procedures during periods when TIVADs are not in use. Conversely, results of several studies suggest that extended flushing intervals (FIs) do not increase the rate of obstructive or infective complications...
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681225/the-united-kingdom-and-ireland-experience-of-the-haemodialysis-reliable-outflow-graft-for-vascular-access
#4
James P Hunter, Simon R Knight, N Inston, D Ridway, A Tavakoli, S Suttie, D Kingsmore, T Brown, S Sultan, J Gilbert
OBJECTIVES: To describe the UK and Ireland experience of the Haemodialysis Reliable Outflow graft in complex vascular access. DESIGN: Observational, multi-centre case series. METHODS: Data from any patient undergoing Haemodialysis Reliable Outflow graft were collected from eight UK and one Irish centre. Any Haemodialysis Reliable Outflow procedure between July 2013 and May 2016 was included. Demographics, primary and secondary patency rates, and complications were analysed...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680334/open-heart-surgery-for-management-of-right-auricular-thrombus-related-to-central-venous-catheterization
#5
A F Ribeiro, I S Neto, I Maia, C Dias
Central venous catheters are widely used in critically ill patients; however, they are also associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The literature may underestimate the incidence of catheter-inducible right atrial thrombi that are asymptomatic but potentially life threatening. The recognized risk factors for its development include infections related to the catheter, endothelial injury secondary to mechanical and chemical damage induced by certain medications and infused fluids. The characteristics of the patient and the catheter, such as size, material, type, location and ease of insertion, as well as the duration of placement play an additional role...
April 19, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680333/hydroelectrolytic-and-infectious-complications-in-one-year-of-parenteral-nutrition-in-critical-care
#6
A López, J J Varela, M M Cid, M Couñago, N Gago
OBJECTIVE: Parenteral nutrition consists of the intravenous administration of macronutrients, micronutrients and electrolytes. Our objectives were to evaluate the biochemical alterations during the first ten days of initiation and to quantify the bacteremia related to the central venous catheter during the administration of parenteral nutrition. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of incidence and prevalence. We included 51 patients who started intravenous nutritional support therapy at Critical Care...
April 18, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675773/ct-guided-translumbar-placement-of-permanent-catheters-in-the-inferior-vena-cava-description-of-the-technique-with-technical-success-and-complications-data
#7
Gerd Grözinger, Ulrich Grosse, Roland Syha, Rüdiger Hoffmann, Sasan Partovi, Konstantin Nikolaou, Stéphane Stahl, Alfred Königsrainer, Karolin Thiel, Christian Thiel
PURPOSE: To evaluate indications, technical success rate and complications of CT-guided translumbar catheter placement in the inferior vena cava for long-term central venous access (Port and Hickman catheters) as a bail-out approach in patients with no alternative options for permanent central venous access. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 12 patients with a total of 17 interventions. All patients suffered from bilaterally chronically occluded venous vessels of their upper extremities, without patent internal jugular and/or subclavian veins...
April 19, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667378/alarming-results-of-nosocomial-infections-in-a-multicenter-program-of-surveillance-in-polish-intensive-care-units
#8
Michał Wałaszek, Anna Różańska, Małgorzata Bulanda, Jadwiga Wojkowska-Mach, Polish Society of Hospital Infections Team
INTRODUCTION: Nosocomial bloodstream infections (BSI) among patients in intensive care units (ICU) are the most common form of nosocomial infections and they are serious complications of the treatment process. The etiological factors of these infections and the proper antibiotic therapy can influence the effects of patient treatment. The aim of the study was to analyze the epidemiology, microbiology and antibiotic therapy of nosocomial BSI in Polish ICU patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The retrospective study covered patients hospitalized in seven ICUs for adults with a general profile, located in southern Poland...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667048/ethanol-lock-is-effective-on-reducing-the-incidence-of-tunneled-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Tingting Zhao, Hong Liu, Jibin Han
PURPOSE: The purpose of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the effect of ethanol lock on the incidence of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) in patients with central venous catheters. METHODS: RCTs comparing ethanol lock with another solution lock for prevention of CRBSI were obtained by searching databases of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Central Register of clinical trials for eligible randomized controlled trials (inception to December 2017)...
April 17, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661631/chlorhexidine-containing-dressings-in-the-prevention-of-central-venous-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-a-cost-and-resource-utilization-analysis
#10
Sebastian M Heimann, Lena M Biehl, Jörg Janne Vehreschild, Bernd Franke, Oliver A Cornely, Maria J G T Vehreschild
BACKGROUND: A recent study reported a reduction in probable/definite central venous catheter (CVC)-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) in neutropenic high-risk patients using CVC dressings with a chlorhexidine-containing gel pad. METHODS: Based on published data, a health-economic analysis was performed to analyze the economic effect of using CVC dressings with a chlorhexidine-containing gel pad compared to non-chlorhexidine control dressings. A micro-costing approach was used to determine CRBSI-related direct treatment cost factors...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661607/catheter-related-bloodstream-infection-due-to-rhodotorula-mucilaginosa-with-normal-serum-1%C3%A2-3-%C3%AE-d-glucan-level
#11
T Kitazawa, S Ishigaki, K Seo, Y Yoshino, Y Ota
Rhodotorula species are environmental basidiomycete yeasts that have emerged as a cause of fungemia in immunocompromised hosts. The insertion of a central venous catheter was identified as a major risk factor for Rhodotorula fungemia. Few cases reports have reported (1→3)-β-D-glucan testing at the onset of Rhodotorula mucilaginosa fungemia. We report a case of catheter-related bloodstream infection due to R. mucilaginosa. Serum β-D-glucan level was normal at the onset of the bloodstream infection. It took 5 days to culture the isolate...
April 13, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658218/-burden-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-outpatient-care
#12
Walter Zingg, Aliki Metsini, Qiao Fu, Diana Neves, Didier Pittet
There is little evidence on healthcare-associated infections in outpatient care. The Swiss Federal Office for Public Health commissioned a systematic review to estimate the incidence of healthcare-associated infections in non-institutional settings. A total of 126 papers were eligible for data abstraction. The identified reports and studies were heterogeneous and generally of low quality. The main outcomes were surgical site infections, central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections, and urinary tract infections...
April 11, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650891/-fourteen-cases-of-implanted-central-venous-access-port-related-bloodstream-infection
#13
Toshihiko Sakai, Masakazu Kono, Chie Koumura, Yuri Oyano, Noriko Sakuma, Hirokazu Tojima
We conducted a clinical study involving cases of central venous(CV)port-related infection in Tokyo Rosai Hospital. Fourteen patients with suspected CV port-related infection at Tokyo Rosai Hospital between April 2015 and January 2017 were observed. Identical bacterial types were detected from 2 sets of blood cultures and cultures from the catheter tip, and a definitive diagnosis was made. Data on patient background, causative bacteria, quick sequentialorgan failure assessment (qSOFA)score, CV port placement period, presence or absence of local inflammatory findings, and prognosis were analysed...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649026/evidence-review-conducted-for-the-agency-for-healthcare-research-and-quality-safety-program-for-improving-surgical-care-and-recovery-focus-on-anesthesiology-for-colorectal-surgery
#14
Kristen A Ban, Melinda M Gibbons, Clifford Y Ko, Elizabeth C Wick, Maxime Cannesson, Michael J Scott, Michael C Grant, Christopher L Wu
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, in partnership with the American College of Surgeons and the Johns Hopkins Medicine Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality, has developed the Safety Program for Improving Surgical Care and Recovery (ISCR), which is a national effort to disseminate best practices in perioperative care to more than 750 hospitals across multiple procedures in the next 5 years. The program will integrate evidence-based processes central to enhanced recovery and prevention of surgical site infection, venous thromboembolic events, catheter-associated urinary tract infections with socioadaptive interventions to improve surgical outcomes, patient experience, and perioperative safety culture...
April 11, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642728/tunnelling-a-midline-catheter-when-the-traffic-light-shifts-from-yellow-to-green
#15
Adam Fabiani, Lorella Dreas, Gianfranco Sanson
INTRODUCTION: A safe, largely used practice for difficult venous access patients is positioning a catheter in deeper veins under ultrasound guide. However, the risk of complications is increased when there is a high catheter-to-vein ratio or when the insertion site is in a zone with particular anatomical/physiological characteristics. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 60-year-old woman admitted to a post-operative intensive care unit after cardiac surgery had a complicated post-operative course...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627326/one-percent-chlorhexidine-alcohol-for-preventing-central-venous-catheter-related-infection-during-intensive-chemotherapy-for-patients-with-haematologic-malignancies
#16
Shimon Ohtake, Hiromichi Takahashi, Masaru Nakagawa, Yoshihito Uchino, Katsuhiro Miura, Noriyoshi Iriyama, Tomohiro Nakayama, Yoshihiro Hatta, Masami Takei
A central venous catheter (CVC) is a catheter placed into a large vein, and is used for chemotherapy administration. However, there is little confirmatory data on which antiseptic-such as chlorhexidine or povidone-iodine (PI) -is more protective against CVC-related infectious complications in patients receiving intensive chemotherapy. We aimed to compare the effectiveness of 1% chlorhexidine gluconate in 70% alcohol (CH) vs. PI for skin disinfection before CVC insertion in patients receiving intensive chemotherapy...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616470/peritoneal-dialysis-as-initial-dialysis-modality-a-viable-option-for-late-presenting-end-stage-renal-disease
#17
REVIEW
Muhammad Masoom Javaid, Behram Ali Khan, Srinivas Subramanian
Late-presenting end-stage renal disease is a significant problem worldwide. Up to 70% of patients start dialysis in an unplanned manner without a definitive dialysis access in place. Haemodialysis via a central venous catheter is the default modality for the majority of such patients, and peritoneal dialysis is usually not considered as a feasible option. However, in the recent years, some reports on urgent-start peritoneal dialysis in the late-presenting end-stage renal disease have been published. The collective experience shows that PD can be a safe, efficient and cost-effective alternative to haemodialysis in late-presenting end-stage renal disease with comparable outcomes to the conventional peritoneal dialysis and urgent-start haemodialysis...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615158/reduction-in-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-a-nicu-practical-lessons-for-its-achievement-and-sustainability
#18
Judith A Hawes, Kyong-Soon Lee
Central venous catheters are commonly used for the provision of parenteral nutrition and medications for critically ill neonates in the NICU. However, central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) are a major complication associated with their use and remain an important cause of nosocomial sepsis in NICUs. Central line-associated bloodstream infection has shifted from being an expected routine complication of central line use to an adverse event now evaluated as a critical event with the goal of identifying root causes so future CLABSI events are prevented...
March 1, 2018: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611180/antimicrobial-lock-solutions-for-preventing-catheter-related-infections-in-haemodialysis
#19
REVIEW
Maria C Arechabala, Maria I Catoni, Juan Carlos Claro, Noelia P Rojas, Miriam E Rubio, Mario A Calvo, Luz M Letelier
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing haemodialysis (HD) through a central venous catheter (CVC) are exposed to several risks, being a catheter-related infection (CRI) and a CVC lumen thrombosis among the most serious. Standard of care regarding CVCs includes their sealing with heparin lock solutions to prevent catheter lumen thrombosis. Other lock solutions to prevent CRI, such as antimicrobial lock solutions, have proven useful with antibiotics solutions, but not as yet for non-antibiotic antimicrobial solutions...
April 3, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602709/comparative-study-on-fixation-of-central-venous-catheter-by-suture-versus-adhesive-device
#20
C S Molina-Mazón, X Martín-Cerezo, G Domene-Nieves de la Vega, S Asensio-Flores, J Adamuz-Tomás
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of a central venous catheter adhesive fixation device (CVC) to prevent associated complications. To establish the need for dressing changes, number of days' catheterization and reasons for catheter removal in both study groups. To assess the degree of satisfaction of personnel with the adhesive system. METHOD: A, randomized, prospective and open pilot study, of parallel groups, with comparative evaluation between CVC fixation with suture and with an adhesive safety system...
March 27, 2018: Enfermería Intensiva
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