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Allergic anesthesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672323/anaphylactic-reactions-to-native-and-light-exposed-sugammadex-suggested-by-basophil-activation-test-a-report-of-2-cases
#1
Takashige Yamada, Takeshi Suzuki, Reiko Murase, Hiromasa Nagata, Shizuko Kosugi
We describe 2 patients who developed anaphylactic shock after sugammadex administration during anesthesia. Both had no history of prior sugammadex administration. The serum tryptase concentrations were elevated after the allergic reaction. Basophil activation testing 1 month after the events was positive for sugammadex in 1 patient, and negative in the other. However, it was positive for light-exposed sugammadex solution in both patients, suggesting a possible allergic reaction to a denatured compound of sugammadex generated by light exposure of the sugammadex solution...
April 17, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621013/allergic-acute-coronary-syndrome-kounis-syndrome-in-a-young-woman-during-spinal-anesthesia-a-case-report
#2
Luis Eduardo Mendoza Vásquez
Kounis syndrome represents the concurrence of acute coronary syndromes or anginal pain with allergic, hypersensitivity, and anaphylactoid reactions that are increasingly found in clinical practice. We present a case of a young woman who experienced attacks of dyspnea, hypoxemia, and hypotension during and after spinal anesthesia. Based on the pattern of clinical symptoms and laboratory findings, she was retrospectively diagnosed with Kounis syndrome, even though no apparent trigger of hypersensitivity was found...
March 31, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559182/-livedo-reticularis-by-hypothermia-during-anesthesia-for-dental-treatment-in-down-s-syndrome-patient
#3
Heber de Moraes Penna, Norma Sueli Pinheiro Modolo, Dário Humberto de Paiva
BACKGROUND: Livedo reticularis (LR) is a benign dermatological condition characterized by ischemic areas permeated by erythematous-cyanotic areas in a lacy pattern, and may be transient or permanent and is frequently associated with body exposure to cold. Cutaneous arterial vasospasm promotes ischemia, and venous dilation of the congested areas occurs by tissue hypoxia or autonomic dysfunction. Patients with Down's syndrome (DS), due to their physiological peculiarities, constitute a representative part of those who require dental care under general anesthesia, and LR has a reported incidence of 8% to 12% in DS patients...
March 17, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531459/allergic-angina-syndrome-in-anesthesia-and-diabetes
#4
Nicholas G Kounis, Ioanna Koniari, George Tzanis, George D Soufras, George Hahalis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352365/-anesthesia-problem-cards-indispensable-yet-problematic-nationwide-survey-on-experiences-from-clinical-practice
#5
M Schieren, A Böhmer, W Golbeck, J Defosse, F Wappler, H E Marcus
BACKGROUND: Anesthetic procedures may lead to severe and potentially life-threatening complications (e. g. difficult airway, allergic reactions, malignant hyperthermia). Most complications can be avoided in future anesthetic procedures with adequate preparation (e. g. awake intubation, trigger-free anesthesia). In Germany, anesthesia problem cards were introduced two decades ago to identify patients at risk and to increase patient safety by creating a standardized documentation system for anesthesia-related complications...
April 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335054/orbital-mediastinal-and-cervicofacial-subcutaneous-emphysema-after-dental-rehabilitation-in-a-pediatric-patient
#6
William J Boggess, Jeanine Ronan, Neeraj Panchal
Subcutaneous emphysema is a rare possible complication of dental procedures. The majority of the dental literature describes cases of localized areas of subcutaneous emphysema following various dental procedures, with a large number of these cases seen following intraoral surgical procedures. Classically, subcutaneous emphysema occurs within minutes to hours after conclusion of dental procedures and is commonly misdiagnosed as either an allergic reaction or acute post-operative swelling. This case report describes a four-year-old male who underwent dental rehabilitation for routine restorative dentistry without extractions under general anesthesia...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278624/allergic-reactions-and-anesthesia
#7
Danijela Glibo Bevanda, Marko Čačić, Slobodan Mihaljević, Mateo Bevanda, Ante Bogut, Maja Karin
The diagnosis of allergic reactions during anesthesia is difficult. For example, cardio-respiratory symptoms may be due to the accompanying pharmacological effects of anesthetics and poor interpretation of the reaction during anesthesia. It is important to distinguish whether a real allergic reaction has occurred. Accidents with anesthetics and muscle relaxants are observed more often than we expect. Proper anaphylaxis rarely occurs during anesthesia (1: 20000). Muscle relaxants are the most common causes, followed by latex, chlorhexidine, antibiotics and opioids...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240018/allergic-reaction-caused-by-a-lip-balm-flavored-facemask-used-during-inhalational-induction-a-case-report
#8
Youngok J Park, Priti G Dalal, Monique Mostert, Tracy Fausnight
Flavoring a facemask with a lip balm for inhalational induction in children is a common practice. However, most anesthesia providers are unaware of potential complications and the management of allergic reactions caused by lip balm. We describe the occurrence of allergic reaction to lip balm-flavored facemask in a child who underwent an inhalational anesthetic induction. The facial rash resolved completely without complications after administration of an antihistamine and steroid.
March 15, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201870/factors-that-influence-blood-loss-and-need-for-transfusion-following-total-knee-arthroplasty
#9
Achilleas Boutsiadis, Ryan Jacob Reynolds, Mo Saffarini, Jean-Claude Panisset
Background: Blood loss during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains a concern, as many patients require blood transfusions, which increase risks of allergic reactions, disease transmission, and thromboembolisms. The purpose was to determine factors associated with blood loss and need for transfusion in patients receiving routine TKA. Methods: The authors prospectively analyzed 150 consecutive uncemented TKAs for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), anticoagulant medication, type of anesthesia, tranexamic acid (TXA) administration, tourniquet inflation, drain placement, pre- and post-operative Haemoglobin (Hb) level (g/dL), and whether transfusion was necessary...
November 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189281/improvement-of-the-elevated-tryptase-criterion-to-discriminate-ige-from-non-ige-mediated-allergic-reactions
#10
Gabriel Gastaminza, Alberto Lafuente, Maria Jose Goikoetxea, Carmen M D'Amelio, Amalia Bernad-Alonso, Olga Vega, Juan Ambrosio Martinez-Molina, Marta Ferrer, Jorge M Nuñez-Cordoba
BACKGROUND: Differentiating between immunoglobulin E (IgE)-dependent and IgE-independent hypersensitivity reactions may improve the etiologic orientation and clinical management of patients with allergic reactions in the anesthesia setting. Serum tryptase levels may be useful to discriminate the immune mechanism of allergic reactions, but the diagnostic accuracy and optimal cutpoint remain unclear.We aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of tryptase during reaction (TDR) alone and the TDR/basal tryptase (TDR/BT) ratio for discriminating IgE- from non-IgE-mediated allergic reactions, and to estimate the best cut point for these indicators...
November 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125697/vocal-fold-augmentation-under-local-anaesthesia-using-autologous-fascia
#11
T J Kinnari, P Pietarinen, A Geneid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044014/-anaphylaxis-and-allergic-reactions-during-surgery-and-medical-procedures
#12
Blas J Larrauri, María Gabriela Torre, Eloísa Malbrán, María Cecilia Juri, Diego S Fernández Romero, Alejandro Malbrán
Anaphylaxis during anesthesia is an unpredictable, severe, and rare reaction. It has an incidence of 1/10 000 to 1/20 000 surgeries. In most series, the responsible drugs include neuromuscular blocking agents, latex, or antibiotics. The frequency and etiology of systemic allergic reactions in other medical procedures are largely unknown. The identification of responsible drugs of anaphylaxis is a complex task, requiring testing of all medications and substances used during surgery. We describe our experience in a retrospective study of 15 patients...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987213/update-on-the-essure-system-for-permanent-birth-control
#13
Heidi Collins Fantasia
In 2002, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the Essure system for permanent birth control. Implantation with this device offers a minimally invasive option for permanent female contraception that is placed during a brief office visit. Unlike laparoscopic tubal sterilization, the Essure procedure requires no hospitalization or general anesthesia, resulting in minimal recovery time. After a decade of stability in the report of adverse effects, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration noted a sharp increase in patient-reported adverse events, including chronic pelvic pain, irregular bleeding, allergic reactions, and autoimmune-like reactions...
October 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879311/recent-advances-in-topical-anesthesia
#14
REVIEW
Hyo-Seol Lee
Topical anesthetics act on the peripheral nerves and reduce the sensation of pain at the site of application. In dentistry, they are used to control local pain caused by needling, placement of orthodontic bands, the vomiting reflex, oral mucositis, and rubber-dam clamp placement. Traditional topical anesthetics contain lidocaine or benzocaine as active ingredients and are used in the form of solutions, creams, gels, and sprays. Eutectic mixtures of local anesthesia cream, a mixture of various topical anesthetics, has been reported to be more potent than other anesthetics...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863944/cocaine-allergy-in-drug-dependent-patients-and-allergic-people
#15
Alicia Armentia, Blanca Martín-Armentia, Sara Martín-Armentia, Pedro Ruiz-Muñoz, Jorge Martínez Quesada, Idoia Postigo, Rosa Conde, Manuel González-Sagrado, Fernando Pineda, Miriam Castillo, Ricardo Palacios, Jesús Tejedor
BACKGROUND: Adverse reactions to local anesthetics (LAs), especially esters, are not uncommon, but true allergy is rarely diagnosed. To our knowledge, currently there is no reliable method of determining IgE-mediated hypersensitivity to LAs and cocaine. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical value of allergy tests (prick, IgE, challenges, and arrays) in people suffering hypersensitivity reactions (asthma and anaphylaxis) during local anesthesia with cocaine derivatives and drug abusers with allergic symptoms after cocaine inhalation...
January 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799727/cryosurgical-posterior-nasal-tissue-ablation-for-the-treatment-of-rhinitis
#16
Peter H Hwang, Bryant Lin, Raymond Weiss, James Atkins, Jacob Johnson
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic posterior nasal nerve (PNN) resection has been described as an efficacious surgical treatment of allergic and nonallergic rhinitis, but the requirement for surgery under general anesthesia has limited its acceptance. We report the first series of patients treated for chronic rhinitis using a novel device designed for office-based cryosurgical ablation of the PNN. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with chronic rhinorrhea and/or nasal congestion for >3 months were recruited (allergic or nonallergic rhinitis), with minimum rhinorrhea and/or congestion subscores of 2 as part of the Total Nasal Symptom Score [TNSS])...
October 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717055/incidence-of-anaphylactic-reactions-after-propofol-administration-in-dogs
#17
Mamoru Onuma, Misao Terada, Sadaharu Ono, Akiyoshi Murakami, Tomoko Ishida, Tadashi Sano
Propofol is an anesthetic agent suspended in an emulsion system that includes egg yolk lecithin and soybean oil, because of which, there is concern about the use of propofol in patients allergic to these substances. We examined the association between propofol administration and incidence of adverse events in dogs with allergy to egg yolk lecithin and soybean oil. On the basis of the findings of an allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) test, 14 dogs with high levels (high-IgE group) and 7 dogs with low levels (normal-IgE group) of IgE were selected...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580612/utility-of-basophil-activation-testing-to-assess-perioperative-anaphylactic-reactions-in-real-world-practice
#18
Bernadette Eberlein, Sibylle Wigand, Heidrun Lewald, Eberhard Kochs, Johannes Ring, Tilo Biedermann, Ulf Darsow
INTRODUCTION: Perioperative anaphylactic reactions due to drugs and substances associated with general anesthesia can potentially be life-threatening. The objective of this study was to investigate the significance of the basophil activation test (BAT) for allergy diagnosis work up. METHODS: A total of 14 patients (5 men, 9 women; mean age: 57.8 years) with clinical records of anaphylactic reactions under general anesthesia were studied by means of anesthesia records, skin and serological tests...
December 2017: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550985/opioid-hypersensitivity-predictors-of-allergy-and-role-of-drug-provocation-testing
#19
Philip H Li, Kok Loong Ue, Annette Wagner, Ryszard Rutkowski, Krzysztof Rutkowski
BACKGROUND: True IgE-mediated hypersensitivity to opioids is rare and many reactions are due to direct mast cell degranulation. Opioid drug provocation testing (DPT) is the gold standard for diagnosis but is underutilized. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics and predictors of opioid hypersensitivity, as well as outcomes of opioid DPT. METHODS: Patients referred for opioid DPT over the past 9 years were studied...
November 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301644/association-of-body-mass-index-with-infectious-complications-in-free-tissue-transfer-for-head-and-neck-reconstructive-surgery
#20
Mohemmed N Khan, Jack Russo, John Spivack, Christopher Pool, Ilya Likhterov, Marita Teng, Eric M Genden, Brett A Miles
Importance: Elevated body mass index (BMI) has been proposed as a risk factor for morbidity and mortality among patients undergoing surgery. Conversely, an elevated BMI may confer a protective effect on perioperative morbidity. Objective: To examine whether an elevated BMI is an independent risk factor for perioperative and postoperative infectious complications after free tissue transfer in head and neck reconstructive surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included patients undergoing major head and neck surgery requiring free tissue transfer at a tertiary care center...
June 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
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