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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238123/epidemiology-triggers-and-severity-of-childhood-asthma-in-ilesa-nigeria-implications-for-management-and-control
#1
Bankole Peter Kuti, Kehinde Oluyori Omole
Background: Knowledge about childhood asthma in a locality will assist clinicians to adequately manage the condition. This study set out to report the epidemiology, triggers of exacerbation, comorbid conditions, and severity of childhood asthma at a tertiary health facility in Nigeria and the implication of these, in management and symptoms control. Methods: Over a 15-month study period, children (aged <15 years) with physician-diagnosed asthma were consecutively recruited at the pediatric chest clinic of the hospital...
January 2017: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207778/delayed-tension-pneumothorax-identification-and-treatment-in-traumatic-bronchial-injury-an-interesting-presentation
#2
Amit Gupta, Amulya Rattan, Sunil Kumar, Vinita Rathi
A 13-year-old girl, who did not receive any treatment for few hours following Road Traffic Injury (RTI), reported to the Casualty Department and found to have patent airway with clinically normal C spine, air-hunger (RR 42/minute), trachea deviated to left, distended neck veins and absent breath sounds on the right side. The chest X-ray she carried, done immediately after the injury, showed right sided tension pneumothorax. She was put on oxygen at 11 L/minute and an Intercostal chest tube drainage (ICD) was inserted on right side...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207727/effect-of-cellular-mobile-phone-use-and-cetrizine-on-hand-eye-coordination-and-visual-acuity
#3
Kalpita Ganpat Gawit, Smita Anand Tiwari, Gauri Hari Kasabe, Pradeep Kisanrao Deshpande, Balasaheb Baburao Ghongane
Introduction: Cellular mobile phones are a major cause of distraction especially while driving. The aggressive and inappropriate use of cellular mobile phones has increased the risk of accidents. Similar alerts are available in literature for certain substances and drugs (e.g. second generation anti H1 drug -Cetirizine) which also derange psychomotor performance and parameters of alertness. Aim: This study measured variations in hand-eye coordination and visual acuity due to use of cellular mobile phone in comparison to that of commonly used antihistaminic drug viz...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206842/from-menarche-to-menopause-a-population-based-assessment-of-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-risk-factors-for-reproductive-tract-infection-symptoms-over-life-stages-in-rural-girls-and-women-in-india
#4
Kelly K Baker, Bijaya Padhi, Belen Torondel, Padmalaya Das, Ambarish Dutta, Krushna Chandra Sahoo, Bhabani Das, Robert Dreibelbis, Bethany Caruso, Matthew C Freeman, Lauren Sager, Pinaki Panigrahi
Women face greater challenges than men in accessing water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) resources to address their daily needs, and may respond to these challenges by adopting unsafe practices that increase the risk of reproductive tract infections (RTIs). WASH practices may change as women transition through socially-defined life stage experiences, like marriage and pregnancy. Thus, the relationship between WASH practices and RTIs might vary across female reproductive life stages. This cross-sectional study assessed the relationship between WASH exposures and self-reported RTI symptoms in 3,952 girls and women from two rural districts in India, and tested whether social exposures represented by reproductive life stage was an effect modifier of associations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200251/misdiagnosing-of-malaria-as-rti-decreased-after-introduction-of-rdts-in-rural-areas-of-kenya
#5
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Clinical presentation of malaria is highly variable and can be mistaken for number of other diseases, including respiratory tract diseases, which are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. However, presumptive management of fever as malaria can result in significant overdiagnosis, even in high-risk areas. Quality microscopy services for the diagnosis of malaria are not widely available in rural areas of Sub-Saharan Africa as well as in substandard conditions of low-income settings and the accuracy of microscopy is usually poor...
November 4, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197385/qualitative-evaluation-of-trauma-delays-in-road-traffic-injury-patients-in-maring%C3%A3-brazil
#6
Anjni Patel, João Ricardo Nickenig Vissoci, Michael Hocker, Enio Molina, Nelly Moraes Gil, Catherine Staton
BACKGROUND: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are the eighth leading cause of death worldwide, with an estimated 90% of RTIs occurring in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) like Brazil. There has been minimal research in evaluation of delays in transport of RTI patients to trauma centers in LMICs. The objective of this study is to determine specific causes of delays in prehospital transport of road traffic injury patients to designated trauma centers in Maringá, Brazil. METHODS: A qualitative method was used based on the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research (COREQ) approach...
December 2, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180593/qualitative-interview-study-of-antibiotics-and-self-management-strategies-for-respiratory-infections-in-primary-care
#7
Lisa McDermott, Geraldine M Leydon, Amy Halls, Jo Kelly, Amanda Nagle, Jennifer White, Paul Little
OBJECTIVE: To explore perceptions of illness, the decisions to consult and the acceptability of delayed antibiotic prescriptions and self-help treatments for respiratory tract infections (RTIs). DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured interview study. SETTING: UK primary care. PARTICIPANTS: 20 adult patients who had been participating in the 'PIPS' (Pragmatic Ibuprofen Paracetamol and Steam) trial in the South of England...
November 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176655/incidence-and-risk-of-respiratory-tract-infection-associated-with-specific-drug-therapy-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-a-systematic-review
#8
Zhichun Gu, Chi Zhang, Anhua Wei, Min Cui, Jun Pu, Houwen Lin, Xiaoyan Liu
Specific drug therapy has been proven to improve functional capacity and slow disease progression in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), regretfully with the data on the risk of respiratory tract infection (RTI) associated with specific drug therapy being limited. Databases of Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library and the ClinicalTrials.gov Website were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that reported the RTI data of PAH-specific drug therapy in patients. The primacy outcome was assessed by employing a fixed-effects model...
November 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171959/the-influence-of-social-support-and-perceived-stress-on-response-time-inconsistency
#9
Sandi Phibbs, Robert S Stawski, Stuart W S MacDonald, Elizabeth Munoz, Joshua M Smyth, Martin J Sliwinski
OBJECTIVES: Lack of social support and high levels of stress represent potentially modifiable risk factors for cognitive aging. In this study we examined the relationships between these two risk factors and response time inconsistency (RTI), or trial-to-trial variability in choice response time tasks. RTI is an early indicator of declining cognitive health, and examining the influence of modifiable psychosocial risk factors on RTI is important for understanding and promoting cognitive health during adulthood and old age...
November 24, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168360/does-nissen-fundoplication-improve-deglutition-in-children
#10
Tutku Soyer, Şule Yalçın, Numan Demir, Asuman Nur Karhan, İnci Nur Saltık-Temizel, Hülya Demir, Feridun Cahit Tanyel
Soyer T, Yalçın Ş, Demir N, Karhan AN, Saltık-Temizel İN, Demir H, Tanyel FC. Does Nissen fundoplication improve deglutition in children? Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 28-34. A prospective study was performed to evaluate the effect of Nissen fundoplication (NF) on deglutition in children. Children who underwent NF between 2011-2015 were evaluated for demographic features, clinical findings, diagnostic methods for gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and indications for NF. Penetration aspiration scale (PAS), functional oral intake scale (FOIS) and esophageal functions were evaluated by videoflouroscopy (VFS)...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149629/development-and-application-of-rti-pcr-method-for-common-food-pathogen-presence-and-quantity-in-beef-sheep-and-chicken-meat
#11
Ismail Akyol
Two different RTi-PCR protocol were designed and quantifications were validated by using various amounts of DNA. Multiplex AG(R)1 and AG(R)2 RTi-PCR amplification reactions quantified successfully for Clostridium perfringens, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica. Using the validated multiplex RTi-PCR reactions, the presence and quantification of pathogens were investigated in 40 beef, 41 sheep and 30 chicken meat samples. Results showed that the existence of C...
November 14, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143565/hiv-1-resistance-rarely-observed-in-subjects-using-darunavir-once-daily-regimens-across-clinical-studies
#12
Erkki Lathouwers, Eric Y Wong, Donghan Luo, Sareh Seyedkazemi, Sandra De Meyer, Kimberley Brown
BACKGROUND: Darunavir 800 mg once daily (QD) is indicated for HIV-1-infected treatment-naïve and treatment-experienced (without darunavir resistance-associated mutations [RAMs]) individuals, and has been evaluated in phase 2/3 studies with durations between 48 and 192 weeks. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the development (or identification) of post-baseline resistance (RAMs and antiretroviral phenotypic susceptibility) among subjects receiving darunavir QD dosing. METHODS: Seven phase 2/3 studies with available genotypes/phenotypes for subjects treated with ritonavir- or cobicistat-boosted darunavir 800 mg QD regimens were assessed: ARTEMIS (NCT00258557; n = 343), GS-US-299-0102 (NCT01565850; n = 153), GS-US-216-0130 (NCT01440569; n = 313), ODIN (NCT00524368; n = 294), INROADS (NCT01199939; n = 54), MONET (NCT00458302; n = 256), and PROTEA (NCT01448707; n = 273)...
November 16, 2017: HIV Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142380/epidemiological-study-of-patients-of-road-traffic-injuries-attending-emergency-department-of-a-trauma-center-in-new-delhi
#13
Puneet Misra, Anindo Majumdar, Mahesh Chandra Misra, Shashi Kant, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta, Amit Gupta, Subodh Kumar
Background and Aims: There is paucity of data regarding some of the lesser known contextual and epidemiological factors with respect to road traffic injuries (RTIs). The objective was to study the epidemiological profile of RTI victims attending an emergency department of a tertiary care trauma center. Methods: The present study was a hospital-based cross-sectional study conducted in the emergency department of a tertiary care trauma center in New Delhi. All patients of RTI attending the emergency department during the designated data collection days were included in the study...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131066/human-polyomavirus-wu-in-patients-with-respiratory-tract-infection-in-kuwait
#14
Sahar Essa, Wassim Chehadeh, Widad Al-Nakib
OBJECTIVE: To determine the circulating polyomavirus Washington University (WUV) strains among hospitalized patients with respiratory tract infections (RTI) in Kuwait. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples from 459 hospitalized children and adult patients with respiratory tract infections were screened for respiratory viruses by Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques from April 2013 to April 2016. The VP2 gene from WUV-positive samples was sequenced and subjected to phylogenetic analysis...
November 7, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128033/association-of-the-emergency-medical-services-related-time-interval-with-survival-outcomes-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-cases-in-four-asian-metropolitan-cities-using-the-scoop-and-run-emergency-medical-services-model
#15
Tae Han Kim, Kyungwon Lee, Sang Do Shin, Young Sun Ro, Hideharu Tanaka, Susan Yap, Kwanhathai Darin Wong, Yih Yng Ng, Thammapad Piyasuwankul, Benjamin Leong
BACKGROUND: Response time interval (RTI) and scene time interval (STI) are key time variables in the out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) cases treated and transported via emergency medical services (EMS). OBJECTIVE: We evaluated distribution and interactive association of RTI and STI with survival outcomes of OHCA in four Asian metropolitan cities. METHODS: An OHCA cohort from Pan-Asian Resuscitation Outcome Study (PAROS) conducted between January 2009 and December 2011 was analyzed...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112145/pattern-of-road-traffic-injuries-in-rural-bangladesh-burden-estimates-and-risk-factors
#16
Md Kamran Ul Baset, Aminur Rahman, Olakunle Alonge, Priyanka Agrawal, Shirin Wadhwaniya, Fazlur Rahman
Globally, road traffic injury (RTI) causes 1.3 million deaths annually. Almost 90% of all RTI deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. RTI is one of the leading causes of death in Bangladesh; the World Health Organization estimated that it kills over 21,000 people in the country annually. This study describes the current magnitude and risk factors of RTI for different age groups in rural Bangladesh. A household census was carried out in 51 unions of seven sub-districts situated in the north and central part of Bangladesh between June and November 2013, covering 1...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100813/testicular-tumour-size-and-rete-testis-invasion-as-prognostic-factors-for-the-risk-of-relapse-of-clinical-stage-i-seminoma-testis-patients-under-surveillance-a-systematic-review-by-the-testicular-cancer-guidelines-panel
#17
REVIEW
Joost L Boormans, Javier Mayor de Castro, Lorenzo Marconi, Yuhong Yuan, M Pilar Laguna Pes, Carsten Bokemeyer, Nicola Nicolai, Ferran Algaba, Jan Oldenburg, Peter Albers
CONTEXT: Patients with clinical stage I (CS I) seminoma testis with large primary tumours and/or rete testis invasion (RTI) might have an increased risk of relapse. In recent years, these risk factors have frequently been employed to decide on adjuvant treatment. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature on tumour size and RTI as risk factors for relapse in CS I seminoma testis patients under surveillance. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Relevant databases including Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched up to November 2016...
October 31, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089697/selective-non-operative-management-of-patients-with-abdominal-trauma-is-cect-scan-mandatory
#18
Sunil Kumar, Puneet Prakash, Mohit Kumar Joshi, Vinita Rathi
CECT scan is considered essential for selective non-operative management (SNOM) of patients with abdominal trauma. However, CECT has its own hazards and limitations. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of selective non-operative management of patients with abdominal trauma without the mandatory use of CECT scan in a prospective study. Patients with peritonitis and ongoing intra-abdominal bleed were excluded. Consenting FAST positive, hemodynamically stable patients with blunt and penetrating abdominal trauma between 18 and 60 years of age were included and admitted for SNOM and detailed ultrasonography of the abdomen (in all) with or without CECT abdomen (selectively)...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079584/smoke-free-legislation-and-paediatric-hospitalisations-for-acute-respiratory-tract-infections-national-quasi-experimental-study-with-unexpected-findings-and-important-methodological-implications
#19
Jasper V Been, Daniel F Mackay, Christopher Millett, Ireneous Soyiri, Constant P van Schayck, Jill P Pell, Aziz Sheikh
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether Scottish implementation of smoke-free legislation was associated with a reduction in unplanned hospitalisations or deaths ('events') due to respiratory tract infections (RTIs) among children. DESIGN: Interrupted time series (ITS). SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Children aged 0-12 years living in Scotland during 1996-2012. INTERVENTION: National comprehensive smoke-free legislation (March 2006)...
October 27, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067043/surgical-outcome-of-spontaneous-supra-tentorial-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#20
Waqar Aziz Rehman, Muhammad Sohaib Anwar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risks and benefits of surgical treatment (Open Craniotomy) of Intra-cerebral hematoma (ICH). METHODS: Twenty seven patients of ICH who underwent surgical treatment at Neurosurgical department of Sheikh Zayed Hospital, Rahim Yar Khan, from 1(st) January 2015 to 31(st) December 2015 were included in this study. The primary outcome measured was death and improvement in GCS Status among survivor's at three months. RESULTS: Mean age of the patients was 58...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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