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Carotid trauma endovascular

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758323/why-do-vascular-surgeons-get-sued-analysis-of-claims-and-outcomes-in-malpractice-litigation
#1
John Phair, Eric B Trestman, Eddie Skripochnik, Evan C Lipsitz, Issam Koleilat, Larry A Scher
OBJECTIVE: To analyze causes and outcomes of malpractice claims against vascular surgeons in the United States. METHODS: Cases entered into the Westlaw database from January 1st 1999 to December 31st 2014 were reviewed. Search terms "vascular" and "surgeon" were used. Data was compiled on the allegation, subject matter and outcome of each case. Additional data including demographics of the defendant was obtained from U.S. News Health Reports on practicing physicians...
May 11, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740736/a-rare-case-of-life-threatening-traumatic-carotid-artery-dissection-in-a-child
#2
Fulya Kamit Can, Soysal Turhan, Ayse Berna Anil, Kadir Burhan Karadem, Onur Aras Isik
Penetrating injuries of the carotid and vertebral arteries are rare, but life-threatening conditions. There are still challenges in the first intervention management and patient treatment. Deciding which methods to apply in the first intervention, whether to perform imaging, and the preferred appropriate treatment for the patient (open surgery or endovascular intervention) plays a main role in the patient's survival without neurological deficit. The general management of trauma in penetrating neck injuries and the knowledge of special approaches to carotid artery injury are important for pediatric trauma centers...
May 8, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701403/hostile-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-treated-by-fenestrated-thoracic-stentgraft-with-proximal-sealing-in-ishimaru-zone-0
#3
Joel Sousa, João Neves, Vicente Riambau, José Teixeira
INTRODUCTION: Thoracic endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (TEVAR) is an established treatment for thoracic aortic disease in both the acute and elective setting, with such a widespread use that almost 50% of all thoracic aortic surgery in Europe is performed by these means. Nonetheless, the feasibility of TEVAR is determined by several anatomic factors, and the suitability of the proximal and distal landing zones remain one of the main limitations to its use. The advent of custom-made thoracic stent grafts widened the endovascular options in some challenging anatomies...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701339/surgical-treatment-options-of-subclavian-artery-pseudoaneurysms-a-case-report-and-litterature-review
#4
Rita Soares Ferreira, João Monteiro Castro, Frederico Bastos Gonçalves, Rodolfo Abreu, Ricardo Correia, Rui Rodrigues, Carolina Torres, Maria Emília Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Subclavian artery pseudoaneurysms are rare and occur mostly as a consequence of an inadvertent arterial puncture during central venous catheterization, endovascular therapeutic procedures or after penetrating or blunt trauma. They usually have a late clinical presentation, with pain, swelling or other compressive symptoms. The optimal treatment in this situation is still a matter of debate. The authors describe a case of late presentation of subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm after transjugular hepatic biopsy and discuss the several options for treatment...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698879/use-of-pipeline%C3%A2-embolization-device-for-the-treatment-of-traumatic-intracranial-pseudoaneurysms-case-series-and-review-of-cases-from-literature
#5
Mairaj T Sami, Domenico A Gattozzi, Hesham M Soliman, Alan R Reeves, Christopher J Moran, Paul J Camarata, Koji C Ebersole
OBJECTIVE: Intracranial traumatic pseudoaneurysms (PSA) are a rare but dangerous subtype of cerebral aneurysm. Reports documenting use of flow-diverting stents to treat traumatic intracranial PSAs are few and lack long-term follow-up. To our knowledge, this is the largest case-series to date demonstrating use of Pipeline Endovascular Device (PED) for traumatic intracranial PSAs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of 8 intracranial traumatic PSAs in 7 patients treated using only PED placement...
June 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416904/vasospasm-in-the-setting-of-traumatic-bilateral-carotid-cavernous-fistulas-and-its-effect-on-treatment
#6
Benjamin Z Ball, Panayiotis E Pelargos, Catherine Christie, Kiarash Golshani
Background: Direct, Type A, cavernous-carotid fistulas (CCFs) are predominantly caused by head trauma, especially when basilar skull fractures are present. Transarterial endovascular treatment of direct CCFs is the preferred method of treatment. Bilateral CCFs are estimated to be present in 1-2% of the cases. The treatment of bilateral CCFs is difficult often requiring a combination of endovascular and open surgical approaches. Case Description: We present a case of traumatic bilateral CCFs presenting with vasospasm of the anterior circulation seen on the initial angiogram on day 1 and our treatment paradigm...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205798/carotid-cavernous-fistula-after-endovascular-intervention-for-chronic-carotid-artery-total-occlusion
#7
Chih-Fan Yeh, Yin-Hsien Chen, Mao-Shin Lin, Ching-Chang Huang, Chi-Sheng Hung, Shih-Wei Meng, Chih-Kuo Lee, Hsien-Li Kao
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In addition to head trauma and cranial surgery, endovascular intervention for chronic carotid artery occlusion (CAO) may also result in carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF). The management and prognosis of iatrogenic CCF during CAO recanalization have never been well described and discussed in the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis for CAO recanalization attempts in National Taiwan University Hospital and affiliated hospitals...
March 1, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203040/-management-of-traumatic-and-iatrogenic-arterial-pseudoaneurysms-in-a-tropical-environment
#8
F Raherinantenaina, R A L Rakotorahalahy, M C G Andrianandraina, H N Rakoto Ratsimba, T M A Rajaonanahary
A false aneurysm or pseudoaneurysm (PA) is the formation of a pulsatile and encapsulated hematoma in communication with the lumen of a perforated artery. Its origin is different but most cases are associated with a traumatic event. Currently, the referenced treatment is endovascular surgery but it is not feasible for the majority of vascular surgeons working in a tropical environment. The aim of this study was to describe the diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of arterial PA (APA) encountered in our institution and to evaluate the place of open surgical technique in their management...
December 2017: Journal de Médecine Vasculaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170837/post-traumatic-carotid-cavernous-fistula-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-case-based-literature-review
#9
Barbara Albuquerque Morais, Vitor Nagai Yamaki, Jose Guilherme Mendes Pereira Caldas, Wellingson Silva Paiva, Hamilton Matushita, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira
BACKGROUND: Carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) is a shunt between the carotid artery and the cavernous sinus. Traumatic CCFs are diagnosed in 0.2% of head traumas being only 4.6% of the pediatric population. Classified by Barrow in 1985, type A CCF is the most frequent, occurring in 75% of cases. Type A is characterized by direct and high-flow CCF that generally can occur as a result of traumatic injury or rupture of an intracavernous aneurysm. CASE PRESENTATION: The subject was an 8-year-old boy with penetrating trauma to his left eye...
March 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142582/pseudoaneurysm-of-left-proximal-common-carotid-artery-following-penetrating-trauma
#10
Rehana Shaikh, Saba Sohail, Parvez Ahmed Shaikh, Qamar-Un-Nisa Nisa
A 33-year male with history of penetrating trauma to left upper chest in 2006, presented through Medical unit to Radiology Department with complain of hemoptysis. Chest X-ray showed a soft tissue lesion in left upper lobe with a linear metallic foreign body. Contrast enhanced CT scan of chest and later CTA was performed which showed a saccular aneurysm arising from mediastinal part of left common aortic artery surrounded by thrombosis with a cylindrical linear metallic foreign body. He was planned for endovascular repair with stenting which he could not afford due to financial constraints...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119070/superior-ophthalmic-vein-access-for-embolization-of-an-indirect-carotid-cavernous-fistula
#11
Ali S Haider, Prabhat Garg, Dean Leonard, Tijani Osumah, Umair Khan, Steven Vayalumkal, Lyndon K Lee, Phu Nguyen, Grant Gilliland, Kennith F Layton
Carotid cavernous fistulae (CCF) are defined as abnormal connections between the carotid circulation and cavernous sinus. CCFs can be categorized as being direct or indirect. Direct CCFs are usually associated with trauma, whereas indirect CCFs are associated with revascularization following cavernous sinus thrombosis. We present a case of a 53-year-old male who presented with tinnitus, proptosis, conjunctivitis, and blurry vision. The patient had a recent endovascular transvenous embolization that was only partially successful, with a residual carotid cavernous fistula draining to the left superior ophthalmic vein and multiple cortical veins...
September 1, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098418/bilateral-carotid-cavernous-sinus-fistula-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Gavin Docherty, Maryam Eslami, Kailun Jiang, Jason S Barton
Carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) is an abnormal vascular shunt from the carotid artery to the cavernous sinus. They are commonly classified based on hemodynamics, etiology or anatomically. Hemodynamic classification refers to whether the fistula is high or low flow. Etiology is commonly secondary to trauma or can occur spontaneously in the setting of aneurysm or medical conditions predisposing to arterial wall defects. Bilateral carotid cavernous fistulas are rare. We present a case of bilateral CCF secondary to trauma...
March 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082822/endovascular-treatment-of-penetrating-arterial-trauma-with-stent-grafts
#13
Rodrigo Bruno Biagioni, Marcelo Calil Burihan, Felipe Nasser, Luisa Ciucci Biagioni, José Carlos Ingrund
BACKGROUND: The endovascular management of arterial injuries has resulted in reduced operating time, blood loss, hospital mortality, lower incidence of sepsis, and decrease in mortality rates. For penetrating trauma, however, the benefits of endovascular therapy are questionable. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were obtained by retrospective analysis of electronic medical records. All patients with vascular trauma seeking care at our institution from January 2010 to December 2015 were reviewed...
February 2018: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034244/contemporary-strategies-in-the-management-of-civilian-neck-zone-ii-vascular-trauma
#14
REVIEW
Georgios Karaolanis, Konstantinos Maltezos, Chris Bakoyiannis, Sotiris Georgopoulos
Neck trauma is the leading cause of death mainly in younger persons posing to surgeons the dilemma whether to proceed with reconstruction of vascular injuries either in the presence of coma or in severe neurological deficit. Vascular injuries in zone II predominate over the other injuries located in zones I/III of the neck. Conventional open repair of carotid injuries with primary closure or interposition grafting is always recommended due to the effective long-term results for penetrating injuries or for patients unfit for endovascular intervention...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877048/current-opinion-in-otolaryngology-update-on-vascular-injuries-in-craniomaxillofacial-fractures
#15
Elisa Illing, Sarah Jo Burgin, Cecelia E Schmalbach
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The primary purpose of this chapter is to define current recommendations for vascular work-up of patients with craniomaxillofacial (CMF) trauma with emphasis on imaging to include intraoperative fluorescence, angiography, and surgical exploration. The second goal is to review current management recommendations for observation versus surgical exploration based on the neck zones of injury. RECENT FINDINGS: Over the past two decades, endovascular techniques are increasingly utilized, particularly in zones I and III of the neck...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743388/traumatic-bilateral-dissection-of-cervical-internal-carotid-artery-in-the-wake-of-a-car-accident-a-case-report
#16
N Taoussi, A J Alghamdi, J Bielewicz, P Luchowski, K Rejdak
BACKGROUND: Bilateral carotid artery dissection secondary to severe trauma is rare and can be potentially life -threatening if not diagnosed and treated properly. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 29-year-old female who was admitted to the emergency department after a car accident. The patient was conscious at the time of admission and presented with an initial Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 15 presenting normal vital signs. The patient developed motor dysphasia with right upper limb paresis a few hours after the admission...
September 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576528/endovascular-management-of-iatrogenic-cervical-internal-carotid-artery-pseudoaneurysm-in-a-9-year-old-child-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Martín Pinzón, Nelson Oswaldo Lobelo, María Claudia Rodríguez, Perla Villamor, Ana María Otoya
Extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) pseudoaneurysms are uncommon in the pediatric population and are usually secondary to direct trauma to the vessel. Treatment options include surgery (ligation), anticoagulation therapy and endovascular treatment. Endovascular covered stents have shown good results in adult populations, resulting in occlusion of the aneurysm and preservation of the artery without significant complications. However, there have been only limited reports in the literature reporting endovascular carotid stent placement in the pediatric population...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499862/successful-revascularization-of-aortic-arch-in-a-39-year-old-blunt-trauma-patient-with-acute-diffuse-axonal-injury-without-the-use-of-systemic-anticoagulation
#18
Andrew M Abi-Chaker, Keith M Jones, Priscilla Sanchez, Jordan Sasson, Xiaoyi Li, Jorge Rey
Blunt traumatic aortic injury is the second leading cause of death in trauma patients aged 4-34 years. Of the patients who are able to receive treatment, mortality rates as high as 40% have been reported. Endovascular repair options have allowed for more expeditious repairs with reduced iatrogenic trauma; however, when the injury involves the ascending aorta or arch, current endografts lack fenestrations needed for cerebral blood flow. Traditionally, on pump, cardiopulmonary bypass with systemic anticoagulation has been used to repair these injuries...
May 10, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485656/delayed-massive-epistaxis-from-traumatic-cavernous-carotid-false-aneurysms-a-report-of-two-unusual-cases
#19
Ncedile Mankahla, David LeFeuvre, Allan Taylor
Introduction Blunt head trauma can injure the cavernous segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA). This may result in a carotid cavernous fistula (CCF). Rarely, a traumatic aneurysm may bleed medially causing massive epistaxis. Case presentation We present two cases of traumatic intracavernous carotid pseudoaneurysms with delayed massive epistaxis. The patients were managed with endovascular treatment involving coil embolization with parent vessel sparing and detachable balloon occlusion with carotid sacrifice...
August 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484831/a-case-of-refractory-subgaleal-hematoma-in-adolescence-treated-with-aspiration-and-endovascular-surgery
#20
Daisuke Wajima, Ichiro Nakagawa, Yukiko Kotani, Takeshi Wada, Hiroshi Yokota, Young-Soo Park, Kimihiko Kichikawa, Hiroyuki Nakase
A 14-year-old boy experienced sudden headache in the left parietal region, without any history of head trauma. Approximately 40 ml of hematoma was aspirated using a 22-gauge needle, and scalp swelling immediately disappeared. However, the swelling recurred bilaterally 2 weeks later. Left external carotid angiography revealed a reticular shadow consistent with subgaleal hematoma from a branch of bilateral superficial temporal arteries, without any arteriovenous shunts. The patient was successfully treated using the combination of hematoma aspiration and embolization of the superficial temporal artery...
August 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
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