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Carotid trauma endovascular

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119070/superior-ophthalmic-vein-access-for-embolization-of-an-indirect-carotid-cavernous-fistula
#1
Ali S Haider, Prabhat Garg, Dean Leonard, Tijani Osumah, Umair Khan, Steven Vayalumkal, Lyndon K Lee, Phu Nguyen, Grant Gilliland, Kennith F Layton
Carotid cavernous fistulae (CCF) are defined as abnormal connections between the carotid circulation and cavernous sinus. CCFs can be categorized as being direct or indirect. Direct CCFs are usually associated with trauma, whereas indirect CCFs are associated with revascularization following cavernous sinus thrombosis. We present a case of a 53-year-old male who presented with tinnitus, proptosis, conjunctivitis, and blurry vision. The patient had a recent endovascular transvenous embolization that was only partially successful, with a residual carotid cavernous fistula draining to the left superior ophthalmic vein and multiple cortical veins...
September 1, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098418/bilateral-carotid-cavernous-sinus-fistula-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Gavin Docherty, Maryam Eslami, Kailun Jiang, Jason S Barton
Carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) is an abnormal vascular shunt from the carotid artery to the cavernous sinus. They are commonly classified based on hemodynamics, etiology or anatomically. Hemodynamic classification refers to whether the fistula is high or low flow. Etiology is commonly secondary to trauma or can occur spontaneously in the setting of aneurysm or medical conditions predisposing to arterial wall defects. Bilateral carotid cavernous fistulas are rare. We present a case of bilateral CCF secondary to trauma...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082822/endovascular-treatment-of-penetrating-arterial-trauma-with-stent-grafts
#3
Rodrigo Bruno Biagioni, Marcelo Calil Burihan, Felipe Nasser, Luisa Ciucci Biagioni, José Carlos Ingrund
BACKGROUND: The endovascular management of arterial injuries has resulted in reduced operating time, blood loss, hospital mortality, lower incidence of sepsis, and decrease in mortality rates. For penetrating trauma, however, the benefits of endovascular therapy are questionable. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were obtained by retrospective analysis of electronic medical records. All patients with vascular trauma seeking care at our institution from January 2010 to December 2015 were reviewed...
October 30, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034244/contemporary-strategies-in-the-management-of-civilian-neck-zone-ii-vascular-trauma
#4
REVIEW
Georgios Karaolanis, Konstantinos Maltezos, Chris Bakoyiannis, Sotiris Georgopoulos
Neck trauma is the leading cause of death mainly in younger persons posing to surgeons the dilemma whether to proceed with reconstruction of vascular injuries either in the presence of coma or in severe neurological deficit. Vascular injuries in zone II predominate over the other injuries located in zones I/III of the neck. Conventional open repair of carotid injuries with primary closure or interposition grafting is always recommended due to the effective long-term results for penetrating injuries or for patients unfit for endovascular intervention...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877048/current-opinion-in-otolaryngology-update-on-vascular-injuries-in-craniomaxillofacial-fractures
#5
Elisa Illing, Sarah Jo Burgin, Cecelia E Schmalbach
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The primary purpose of this chapter is to define current recommendations for vascular work-up of patients with craniomaxillofacial (CMF) trauma with emphasis on imaging to include intraoperative fluorescence, angiography, and surgical exploration. The second goal is to review current management recommendations for observation versus surgical exploration based on the neck zones of injury. RECENT FINDINGS: Over the past two decades, endovascular techniques are increasingly utilized, particularly in zones I and III of the neck...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743388/traumatic-bilateral-dissection-of-cervical-internal-carotid-artery-in-the-wake-of-a-car-accident-a-case-report
#6
N Taoussi, A J Alghamdi, J Bielewicz, P Luchowski, K Rejdak
BACKGROUND: Bilateral carotid artery dissection secondary to severe trauma is rare and can be potentially life -threatening if not diagnosed and treated properly. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 29-year-old female who was admitted to the emergency department after a car accident. The patient was conscious at the time of admission and presented with an initial Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 15 presenting normal vital signs. The patient developed motor dysphasia with right upper limb paresis a few hours after the admission...
July 10, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576528/endovascular-management-of-iatrogenic-cervical-internal-carotid-artery-pseudoaneurysm-in-a-9-year-old-child-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Martín Pinzón, Nelson Oswaldo Lobelo, María Claudia Rodríguez, Perla Villamor, Ana María Otoya
Extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) pseudoaneurysms are uncommon in the pediatric population and are usually secondary to direct trauma to the vessel. Treatment options include surgery (ligation), anticoagulation therapy and endovascular treatment. Endovascular covered stents have shown good results in adult populations, resulting in occlusion of the aneurysm and preservation of the artery without significant complications. However, there have been only limited reports in the literature reporting endovascular carotid stent placement in the pediatric population...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499862/successful-revascularization-of-aortic-arch-in-a-39-year-old-blunt-trauma-patient-with-acute-diffuse-axonal-injury-without-the-use-of-systemic-anticoagulation
#8
Andrew M Abi-Chaker, Keith M Jones, Priscilla Sanchez, Jordan Sasson, Xiaoyi Li, Jorge Rey
Blunt traumatic aortic injury is the second leading cause of death in trauma patients aged 4-34 years. Of the patients who are able to receive treatment, mortality rates as high as 40% have been reported. Endovascular repair options have allowed for more expeditious repairs with reduced iatrogenic trauma; however, when the injury involves the ascending aorta or arch, current endografts lack fenestrations needed for cerebral blood flow. Traditionally, on pump, cardiopulmonary bypass with systemic anticoagulation has been used to repair these injuries...
May 10, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485656/delayed-massive-epistaxis-from-traumatic-cavernous-carotid-false-aneurysms-a-report-of-two-unusual-cases
#9
Ncedile Mankahla, David LeFeuvre, Allan Taylor
Introduction Blunt head trauma can injure the cavernous segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA). This may result in a carotid cavernous fistula (CCF). Rarely, a traumatic aneurysm may bleed medially causing massive epistaxis. Case presentation We present two cases of traumatic intracavernous carotid pseudoaneurysms with delayed massive epistaxis. The patients were managed with endovascular treatment involving coil embolization with parent vessel sparing and detachable balloon occlusion with carotid sacrifice...
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484831/a-case-of-refractory-subgaleal-hematoma-in-adolescence-treated-with-aspiration-and-endovascular-surgery
#10
Daisuke Wajima, Ichiro Nakagawa, Yukiko Kotani, Takeshi Wada, Hiroshi Yokota, Young-Soo Park, Kimihiko Kichikawa, Hiroyuki Nakase
A 14-year-old boy experienced sudden headache in the left parietal region, without any history of head trauma. Approximately 40 ml of hematoma was aspirated using a 22-gauge needle, and scalp swelling immediately disappeared. However, the swelling recurred bilaterally 2 weeks later. Left external carotid angiography revealed a reticular shadow consistent with subgaleal hematoma from a branch of bilateral superficial temporal arteries, without any arteriovenous shunts. The patient was successfully treated using the combination of hematoma aspiration and embolization of the superficial temporal artery...
May 9, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480112/nontraumatic-posterior-circulation-pseudoaneurysm-of-the-basilar-artery-summit-with-complete-spontaneous-resolution-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Nefize Turan, Shannon Butler, Theodore C Larson, Alexander Mason
BACKGROUND: Intracranial pseudoaneurysms are rare vascular defects of arterial walls that are classically the result of traumatic injury, iatrogenic causes, or infection. Idiopathic pseudoaneurysms are seen even less frequently and are often related to atherosclerosis. Pseudoaneurysms are most commonly found along the distal wall of the internal carotid artery, however, can occur at any location in the cerebrovascular circulation. Treatment of these arterial defects is often challenging due to their frail nature...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475705/management-of-penetrating-cerebrovascular-injuries-in-pediatric-trauma-a-retrospective-multicenter-study
#12
Vijay M Ravindra, Michael C Dewan, Hassan Akbari, Robert J Bollo, David Limbrick, Andrew Jea, Robert P Naftel, Jay K Riva-Cambrin
BACKGROUND: Blunt cerebrovascular injury is uncommon in the pediatric population; penetrating cerebrovascular injuries are even rarer and are thus poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To describe the diagnosis and management of penetrating cerebrovascular injuries and describe outcomes of available treatment modalities. METHODS: Clinical and radiographic data were collected retrospectively from a multicenter trauma registry for children screened for cerebrovascular injury during 2003 to 2013 at 4 academic pediatric trauma centers...
September 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451716/-interventional-radiology-in-the-head-and-neck-region
#13
C Mayer, E Hattingen, H Schild, F Bootz, A Schröck
In interventional neuroradiology, endovascular embolization represents an important and helpful tool in the treatment of multiple head and neck diseases. These interventional procedures may be performed with curative intent, to reduce the surgical risk within a multimodal treatment concept, or to improve or at least maintain a good quality of life within a palliative therapy concept. In addition to a good understanding of disease pathology, knowledge of vascular anatomy, including collateral vessels and dangerous extracranial-intracranial anastomoses, is essential for successful treatment, as is implementation of an established technique using appropriate material...
June 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395494/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-traumatic-optic-neuropathy-with-internal-carotid-artery-trauma
#14
Q J Fan, L Y Ni, X J Liu, Y Zeng, L F Jiang, B Zheng
Objective: To summarize our experience in the diagnosis of internal carotid artery trauma in patients with traumatic optic neuropathy, and to make recommendations for the treatment. Methods: The clinic data of 6 cases who had traumatic optic neuropathy with internal carotid artery trauma and who were admited in Department of Otorhinolaryngology, the Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from Jan. 2013 to Dec. 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: All 6 cases were monocular blindness...
March 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392101/surgical-and-endovascular-treatments-of-extracranial-carotid-artery-aneurysms-report-of-six-cases
#15
Shusuke Yamamoto, Naoki Akioka, Daina Kashiwazaki, Masaki Koh, Naoya Kuwayama, Satoshi Kuroda
BACKGROUND: Although the natural course of extracranial carotid artery aneurysms (ECAAs) is still unknown, they may cause stroke or cranial nerve dysfunction unless they are treated. In this report, we reviewed the clinical results of 6 patients who underwent endovascular and surgical treatments for ECAAs. METHODS: A total of 6 patients underwent endovascular and surgical treatments for ECAAs for 9 years. The primary causes of ECAAs included Marfan syndrome (1 patient), infection (1 patient), trauma (2 patients), and unknown (2 patients)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385501/percutaneous-embolization-of-delayed-external-carotid-artery-pseudoaneurysm-eight-years-after-partial-parathyroidectomy
#16
Antonella Laurito, Holta Kasemi, Andrea Monti, Mauro Maselli, Paola Manzo, Valeria Tavolini, Andrea Gaggiano
External carotid artery pseudoaneurysm (ECAP) is very rare. The usual mechanism is trauma or iatrogenic. We report a case of a patient with an asymptomatic, chronic ECAP secondary to partial parathyroidectomy. Percutaneous injection of the 2-component Fibrin Sealant (Tisseel; Baxter int, Deerfield, IL) with the 2 active ingredients (Sealer Protein Solution and Thrombin Solution) was carried out with successful occlusion of the pseudoaneurysmal sac. The 6-month follow-up computed tomographic scan confirmed the ECAP thrombosis...
August 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328693/a-giant-pseudoaneurysm-mimicking-retropharyngeal-abscess-in-a-child
#17
Rijuneeta Gupta, Sourabha K Patro, Neha Chauhan, Ajay Kumar
Pseudoaneurysms of the cervical internal carotid artery are rare and usually result from trauma, infection, or rarely spontaneously. They harbor potential risk of life-threatening hemorrhage and warrant immediate management. Endovascular treatment in the form of stent placement and coiling is a well established technique for dealing with both intracranial and extracranial pseudoaneurysms. We present a case of a child who presented with fever, neck swelling, dysphagia, and respiratory distress in emergency for which clinical diagnosis of a neck abscess was made...
March 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242408/a-rare-entity-traumatic-thoracic-aortic-injury-in-a-patient-with-aberrant-right-subclavian-artery
#18
Hiten Mohanbhai Patel, Shubhabrata Banerjee, Shahzad Bulsara, Tapish Sahu, Virender K Sheorain, Tarun Grover, Rajiv Parakh
BACKGROUND: Aberrant right subclavian artery is an uncommon entity incidence ranging from 0.5 to 2.5%. Management of thoracic aortic injury in the presence of such anomalies can be a challenge. We present here a case of traumatic aortic injury, which was incidentally found to have an asymptomatic aberrant right subclavian artery. The patient was managed by an endovascular repair of thoracic aortic injury with an endograft and a right carotid to subclavian artery bypass as a hybrid procedure...
May 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240499/outcomes-for-cervicomediastinal-vascular-trauma-managed-by-a-vascular-subspecialistled-vascular-trauma-service
#19
J Islam, G L Laing, G V Oosthuizen, D L Clarke, J V Robbs
BACKGROUND: The management of cervicomediastinal vascular trauma is challenging. We report on our experience with the condition in a newly established vascular trauma service unit, and compare the outcomes to those reported in our parent vascular surgery department. METHOD: The details of patients with cervicomediastinal vascular injuries from January 2012 to June 2014 were retrieved for analysis from a prospective database. RESULTS: Ninety-three patients were identified, 84 of whom were male (90%), with an average age of 29 years...
June 2016: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129260/long-term-outcomes-of-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-a-single-institution-s-11-year-experience
#20
Megan Brenner, William Teeter, Muhammed Hadud, Melanie Hoehn, James O'Connor, Deborah Stein, Thomas Scalea
BACKGROUND: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has largely replaced traditional open aortic repair for anatomically suitable lesions, however, long-term outcomes are unknown. METHODS: All patients who underwent TEVAR from December 2004 to October 2015 at a single tertiary care institution were included. Demographics, injury pattern, operative details, outcomes, and surveillance were reviewed. Follow-up ranged from 2 to 132 months and was obtained from clinic notes and imaging reports...
April 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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