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Carotid trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775142/aspirin-for-primary-prevention-of-stroke-in-traumatic-cerebrovascular-injury-association-with-increased-risk-of-transfusion
#1
Russell L Griffin, Stephanie R Falatko, Stella Aslibekyan, Virginia Strickland, Mark R Harrigan
OBJECTIVE Blunt traumatic extracranial carotid or vertebral artery injury (i.e., traumatic cerebrovascular injury [TCVI]) occurs in 1%-2% of all blunt trauma admissions, carries a 10% risk of thromboembolic ischemic stroke, and accounts for up to 9600 strokes annually in the US. Screening CT angiograms (CTAs) of patients with trauma has become ubiquitous in recent years, and patients with initially asymptomatic TCVI are commonly treated with antiplatelet agents to prevent stroke. Prophylaxis with antiplatelets is thought to be safer than anticoagulation, which carries a significant risk of hemorrhage in patients with trauma...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775030/-endoscopic-transnasal-approach-for-surgical-treatment-of-skull-base-clival-area-chordomas-report-of-2-cases
#2
J Ma, P Fang, D Wang, Y J Liu
The case 1 performanced submandibular trauma because of the faint Suddenly. There were no obvious abnormality in physical examination. CT result showed that the tumour located in the lower clivus, and the atlas was infringed. MRI imaging showed the tumour located in the both sides of the internal carotid artery, infringed clivus and atlas front, forwarded into the nasal cavity and oral cavity. The case 2 performanced the left nose stuffy and increased gradually, nasopharyngeal mirror showed the left nasal cavity filled with new life...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774196/common-carotid-artery-dissection-in-multiple-extracranial-injury-a-case-report
#3
Jin Sang Kil, Mi Kyung Lee, Ki Seong Eom
Traumatic common carotid artery dissection (CCAD) is rare. To our knowledge, only 14 case reports have described traumatic CCAD previously. Here, we report a case of CCAD in a patient with severe trauma. A 50-year-old man was lying on the road after drinking alcohol when a car drove over him. Computed tomography (CT) revealed multiple rib fractures with hemopneumothorax, lung contusion, flail chest, large amount of hematoma with bladder rupture, and fractures on the C6 spinous process, sacral ala, iliac bone, and pubic ramus...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766144/novel-application-of-an-old-technique-the-use-of-external-to-internal-carotid-artery-transposition-in-trauma
#4
Abbie May Jensen, James W Dennis, Jon C Allmon, Joseph H Habib, David J Skarupa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758323/why-do-vascular-surgeons-get-sued-analysis-of-claims-and-outcomes-in-malpractice-litigation
#5
John Phair, Eric B Trestman, Eddie Skripochnik, Evan C Lipsitz, Issam Koleilat, Larry A Scher
OBJECTIVE: To analyze causes and outcomes of malpractice claims against vascular surgeons in the United States. METHODS: Cases entered into the Westlaw database from January 1st 1999 to December 31st 2014 were reviewed. Search terms "vascular" and "surgeon" were used. Data was compiled on the allegation, subject matter and outcome of each case. Additional data including demographics of the defendant was obtained from U.S. News Health Reports on practicing physicians...
May 11, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754515/spontaneous-direct-carotid-cavernous-sinus-fistula-secondary-to-a-persistent-primitive-trigeminal-artery-treated-by-trans-venous-coil-embolisation
#6
Andrew Imrie, Kendal Redmond, David Leggett
A healthy 51-year-old female presented with a spontaneous direct carotid-cavernous sinus fistula associated with a persistent primitive trigeminal artery. She had no history of connective tissue or cerebrovascular disorders or significant head trauma. This is a rare lesion with only 18 previously reported cases. It had similar clinical presentation and imaging appearance to a high-flow direct carotid-cavernous fistula and was uncovered after successful trans-venous coil embolisation of the fistula. It therefore needs to be considered in cases of direct carotid-cavernous fistula without history of trauma...
January 1, 2018: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742729/complications-in-transorbital-penetrating-injury-by-bamboo-branch-a-case-report
#7
Lei Feng, Xiaojun He, Jie Chen, Shuang Ni, Biao Jiang, Jian-Ming Hua
RATIONALE: Wooden transorbital penetrating injury is an uncommon and serious trauma that may cause multiply complications. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here we describe a 62-year-old Chinese woman with a transorbital penetrating injury caused by a long bamboo branch. DIAGNOSIS: Computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging showed the presence of a wooden foreign body. INTERVENTIONS: Cerebrovascular digital subtraction angiography and temporary balloon occlusion were performed with general anesthesia...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740736/a-rare-case-of-life-threatening-traumatic-carotid-artery-dissection-in-a-child
#8
Fulya Kamit Can, Soysal Turhan, Ayse Berna Anil, Kadir Burhan Karadem, Onur Aras Isik
Penetrating injuries of the carotid and vertebral arteries are rare, but life-threatening conditions. There are still challenges in the first intervention management and patient treatment. Deciding which methods to apply in the first intervention, whether to perform imaging, and the preferred appropriate treatment for the patient (open surgery or endovascular intervention) plays a main role in the patient's survival without neurological deficit. The general management of trauma in penetrating neck injuries and the knowledge of special approaches to carotid artery injury are important for pediatric trauma centers...
May 8, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734800/the-face-%C3%A2-a-vascular-perspective-a-literature-review
#9
Thomas von Arx von Arx, Kaori Tamura, Oba Yukiya, Scott Lozanoff
Vascular supply is key for maintenance of healthy tissue conditions but also with regard to healing following trauma or therapeutic interventions. The face is probably the most exposed part of the body and any changes of vascularity are readily visible (skin blanching, ecchymosis, hematoma, edema). With regard to the arterial supply, all vessels reaching the facial skin originate from the bilateral common carotid arteries. The ophthal­mic artery is considered the major arterial shunt between the internal and external carotid artery systems...
May 14, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725569/nontraumatic-acetabular-fracture-sustained-during-convulsive-seizure-following-surgery-for-an-unruptured-intracranial-aneurysm-a-case-report
#10
Hirofumi Iwamoto, Kazuhiro Nakamura, Daisuke Watanabe, Kiyoyuki Yanaka, Takeshi Ainoya, Tetsuya Yamamoto
Acetabular fracture usually is related to high-energy traumatic injury or falls from heights and directly caused by seizures without trauma is extremely rare. We report a 71-years-old man who sustained a left acetabular fracture secondary to generalized seizure after clipping of an unruptured aneurysm without trauma and any risk for fracture. The patient had an aneurysm was arising from the bifurcation of the left internal carotid artery and the posterior communicating artery. After the clipping, the patient had three times tonic-clonic seizures for 1 min and resulted in an acetabular fracture...
April 2018: NMC Case Report Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721341/bilateral-carotid-and-vertebral-artery-dissection-from-blunt-trauma
#11
Catherine Coss, Jeffrey Jones
Carotid and vertebral artery injuries are rare following blunt trauma. They can, however, lead to severe consequences with a significant associated rate of stroke and intracranial hemorrhage, particularly if the diagnosis and treatment are delayed. We report a case of a 23-year-old female who presented to the Emergency Department with bilateral carotid and vertebral artery dissection following a motor vehicle collision (MVC).
2018: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710022/-a-case-of-bilateral-cervical-internal-carotid-artery-dissection-following-herpes-zoster-of-the-trigeminal-nerve
#12
Mariko Iwasa, Yohei Mima, Aya Ito, Yuko Abe, Naoko Ueda, Ryoichi Otsubo
A 62 year-old man, who was taking prednisolone for nephrotic syndrome, was diagnosed with herpes zoster of the trigeminal nerve and treated with oral valacyclovir. One month later, he reported pain from the right side of the head and vomiting. MRI revealed an acute infarction in the right frontal lobe and dissection of the internal carotid artery of the right cervix. Trauma or other potential triggers were not observed. In consideration of the preceding condition of varicella zoster virus infection, acyclovir was administered in addition to unfractionated heparin, but an intramural hematoma emerged in the left internal carotid artery...
April 28, 2018: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701403/hostile-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-treated-by-fenestrated-thoracic-stentgraft-with-proximal-sealing-in-ishimaru-zone-0
#13
Joel Sousa, João Neves, Vicente Riambau, José Teixeira
INTRODUCTION: Thoracic endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (TEVAR) is an established treatment for thoracic aortic disease in both the acute and elective setting, with such a widespread use that almost 50% of all thoracic aortic surgery in Europe is performed by these means. Nonetheless, the feasibility of TEVAR is determined by several anatomic factors, and the suitability of the proximal and distal landing zones remain one of the main limitations to its use. The advent of custom-made thoracic stent grafts widened the endovascular options in some challenging anatomies...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701339/surgical-treatment-options-of-subclavian-artery-pseudoaneurysms-a-case-report-and-litterature-review
#14
Rita Soares Ferreira, João Monteiro Castro, Frederico Bastos Gonçalves, Rodolfo Abreu, Ricardo Correia, Rui Rodrigues, Carolina Torres, Maria Emília Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Subclavian artery pseudoaneurysms are rare and occur mostly as a consequence of an inadvertent arterial puncture during central venous catheterization, endovascular therapeutic procedures or after penetrating or blunt trauma. They usually have a late clinical presentation, with pain, swelling or other compressive symptoms. The optimal treatment in this situation is still a matter of debate. The authors describe a case of late presentation of subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm after transjugular hepatic biopsy and discuss the several options for treatment...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698879/use-of-pipeline%C3%A2-embolization-device-for-the-treatment-of-traumatic-intracranial-pseudoaneurysms-case-series-and-review-of-cases-from-literature
#15
Mairaj T Sami, Domenico A Gattozzi, Hesham M Soliman, Alan R Reeves, Christopher J Moran, Paul J Camarata, Koji C Ebersole
OBJECTIVE: Intracranial traumatic pseudoaneurysms (PSA) are a rare but dangerous subtype of cerebral aneurysm. Reports documenting use of flow-diverting stents to treat traumatic intracranial PSAs are few and lack long-term follow-up. To our knowledge, this is the largest case-series to date demonstrating use of Pipeline Endovascular Device (PED) for traumatic intracranial PSAs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of 8 intracranial traumatic PSAs in 7 patients treated using only PED placement...
June 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650486/a-vascular-anastomosis-simulation-can-provide-a-safe-and-effective-environment-for-resident-skills-development
#16
Alicia A Heelan Gladden, Kendra D Conzen, Michael J Benge, Jane Gralla, Peter T Kennealey
OBJECTIVE: Vascular anastomoses are complex surgical procedures, performed in time-sensitive circumstances, making intraoperative teaching more challenging. We sought to evaluate whether a vascular anastomosis simulation was effective in developing resident skills. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: General surgery residents participated in a vascular anastomosis simulation for 1 to 2hours during their transplant rotation. An attending transplant surgeon at the University of Colorado guided the resident through end-to-end and end-to-side anastomoses using bovine carotid artery (Artegraft)...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644279/blunt-innominate-artery-trauma-requiring-repair-and-carotid-ligation
#17
Kathryn L Howe, Mina Guirgis, Grant Woodman, F Victor Chu, M J Cooper, Theodore Rapanos, David Szalay
Traumatic dissection of the innominate artery is a rare clinical entity. Management of a patient with motorsensory compromise and dissection extending to the subclavian and right common carotid arteries is quite rare and can be quite involved. Here we present such a case and discuss the unique peri-operative decision-making in the context of what is reported in the literature. Restoration of motorsensory function is critical and in this case, requiring a multi-disciplinary team.
December 2017: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571234/cervicocranial-artery-dissection-and-scuba-diving-is-there-a-link-or-is-it-serendipity
#18
Gerald K Walters
Introduction: Numerous reports have documented cervicocranial artery dissection (CCAD) associated with scuba diving. The question remains as to whether there are risk factors unique to scuba diving related to the occurrence of CCAD. Objectives: This article aims to perform an examination of the reported cases to demonstrate any commonality among the injured divers and association with known risk factors for CCAD. Methods: A PubMed search was performed utilizing the key words: carotid artery dissection, dissection, arterial dissection, cranial artery dissection, scuba, diving, scuba diving...
January 2018: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563058/forty-hours-with-a-traumatic-carotid-transection-a-diagnostic-caveat-and-review-of-the-contemporary-management-of-penetrating-neck-trauma
#19
Eugene Ng, Ian Campbell, Andrew Choong, Allan Kruger, Philip J Walker
Although penetrating neck trauma (PNT) is uncommon, it is associated with the significant morbidity and mortality. The management of PNT has changed significantly over the past 50 years. A radiological assessment now is a vital part of the management with a traditional surgical exploration. A 22 years old male was assaulted by a screwdriver and sustained multiple penetrating neck injuries. A contrast CT scan revealed a focal pseudoaneurysm in the left common carotid artery bulb. There was no active bleeding or any other vascular injuries and the patient remained haemodynamically stable...
February 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547069/pediatric-blunt-cerebrovascular-injury-the-mcgovern-screening-score
#20
Joseph P Herbert, Sidish S Venkataraman, Ali H Turkmani, Liang Zhu, Marcia L Kerr, Rajan P Patel, Irma T Ugalde, Stephen A Fletcher, David I Sandberg, Charles S Cox, Ryan S Kitagawa, Arthur L Day, Manish N Shah
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to assess the incidence, diagnosis, and treatment of pediatric blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) at a busy Level 1 trauma center and to develop a tool for accurately predicting pediatric BCVI and the need for diagnostic testing. METHODS This is a retrospective cohort study of a prospectively collected database of pediatric patients who had sustained blunt trauma (patient age range 0-15 years) and were treated at a Level 1 trauma center between 2005 and 2015. Digital subtraction angiography, MR angiography, or CT angiography was used to confirm BCVI...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
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