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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934755/public-perceptions-expectations-and-views-of-community-pharmacy-practice-in-kuwait
#1
Abdelmoneim Awad, Altaf Al-Rasheedi, Jacinthe Lemay
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine public patterns for use of community pharmacy, perceptions of pharmacists, confidence and trust in pharmacists, expectations about the pharmacist roles, and to explore public views and satisfaction with the current pharmacy services. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was performed using a pretested self-administered questionnaire on a sample of 481 individuals selected using a two-stage stratified cluster sampling design...
September 20, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929979/pharmacists-as-care-providers-for-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review
#2
Jade E Basaraba, Michelle Picard, Kirsten George-Phillips, Tania Mysak
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists have become an integral member of the multidisciplinary team providing clinical patient care in various healthcare settings. Although evidence supporting their role in the care of patients with other disease states is well-established, minimal literature has been published evaluating pharmacist interventions in stroke patients. The purpose of this systematic review is to summarize the evidence evaluating the impact of pharmacist interventions on stroke patient outcomes...
September 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925056/elevated-blood-pressure-in-the-developing-world-a-role-for-clinical-pharmacists
#3
Michael T Smith, Megan P Monahan, Paige Nelson, Matthew Moruzzi, Alexander J DeLucenay, Christine R Birnie
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and patient knowledge of elevated blood pressure amongst a cross-section of patients in underserved communities in three selected low-income countries worldwide: El Salvador, India and Kenya. METHODS: Mobile medical clinics were established as part of medical mission trips in El Salvador, India and Kenya. Willing male and female patients, at least 25 years of age, who presented at each clinic were screened for elevated blood pressure, including 332 patients in El Salvador, 847 patients in India and 160 patients in Kenya...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924350/pharmacovigilance-and-adverse-drug-reaction-reporting-a-perspective-of-community-pharmacists-and-pharmacy-technicians-in-sana-a-yemen
#4
Yaser Mohammed Al-Worafi, Yaman Walid Kassab, Wafa Mohammed Alseragi, Masaad Saeed Almutairi, Ali Ahmed, Long Chiau Ming, Ali Saleh Alkhoshaiban, Muhammad Abdul Hadi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the knowledge, attitude and barriers of pharmacy technicians and pharmacists toward pharmacovigilance, adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and ADR reporting in community pharmacies in Yemen. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was conducted among community pharmacists and pharmacy technicians in the capital of Yemen, Sana'a. A total of 289 community pharmacies were randomly selected. The validated and pilot-tested questionnaire consisted of six sections: demographic data, knowledge about pharmacovigilance, experience with ADR reporting, attitudes toward ADR reporting, and the facilitators to improve ADR reporting...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914063/identifying-the-interprofessional-agreement-between-community-pharmacists%C3%A2-and-general-practitioners%C3%A2-views-on-collaborative-practice-in-slovakia
#5
Ladislav Dubán, Tomáš Fazekaš, Magdaléna Fulmeková, Miroslava Snopková, Anna Oleárová, Magdaléna Kuželová
BACKGROUND: The collaboration of community pharmacists (CPs) and general practitioners (GPs) has a positive effect on healthcare outcomes. There are still many countries, where no efforts have been made to enhance this type of teamwork. There is no evidence of how GPs and CPs collaborate in Slovakia. The objective of this study is to identify the current level of GPs and CPs teamwork in Slovakia and to identify the key factors, where these professions agree. METHODS: Two parallel electronic surveys were prepared and sent out by e-mail to CPs and GPs in Slovakia...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912389/-osteoporosis-liaison-service-and-medication-instruction
#6
Fujiko Miyahara
The goals of the osteoporosis liaison service are to prevent the disease more effectively, to diagnose it properly and to provide a higher quality treatment for it as well as to increase healthy life- span and to minimize the gap in health status by offering raising awareness activities. Pharmacist can play an important role in achieving both of goals. "The family pharmacist system", which was introduced by the Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Law(Yakkiho)in 2016, is expected to contribute to achieve the former goal while "Health supporting pharmacy" is expected to strive for the latter goal...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912054/effectiveness-of-pharmacist-interventions-on-cardiovascular-risk-in-patients-with-ckd-a-subgroup-analysis-of-the-randomized-controlled-rxeach-trial
#7
Yazid N Al Hamarneh, Ross T Tsuyuki, Charlotte A Jones, Braden Manns, Marcello Tonelli, Nairne Scott-Douglass, Kailash Jindal, Wendy Tink, Brenda R Hemmelgarn
BACKGROUND: Affecting a substantial proportion of adults, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is considered a major risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) events. It has been reported that patients with CKD are underserved when it comes to CV risk reduction efforts. STUDY DESIGN: Prespecified subgroup analysis of a randomized controlled trial. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Adults with CKD and at least 1 uncontrolled CV risk factor were enrolled from 56 pharmacies across Alberta, Canada...
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905162/quality-of-prescribing-in-community-dwelling-elderly-patients-in-france-an-observational-study-in-community-pharmacies
#8
E Bourcier, F Mille, V Brunie, V Korb-Savoldelli, C Lafortune, M Buyse, C Fernandez, P Hindlet
Background In order to ensure safer prescriptions in the elderly, lists of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) and guidelines have been introduced. Whereas the effectiveness of these measures has been well studied in hospitals, data are sparse for the community-dwelling patients. Objective To assess the quality of prescriptions among community-dwelling elderly patients, and potential associations between prescription patterns, patient characteristics and medication adherence. Setting Community pharmacies in France...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904558/herbal-medicines-personal-use-knowledge-attitude-dispensing-practice-and-the-barriers-among-community-pharmacists-in-gondar-northwest-ethiopia
#9
Dessalegn Asmelashe Gelayee, Gashaw Binega Mekonnen, Seyfe Asrade Atnafe, Mequanent Kassa Birarra, Assefa Belay Asrie
BACKGROUND: Herbal medicine use is increasing and the global market is estimated to be US$107 billion by the year 2017. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at assessing community pharmacists' personal use, knowledge, attitude, dispensing practice, and the barriers regarding herbal medicines. METHODS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 47 community pharmacists in Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia, using a structured interviewing questionnaire...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903514/impact-of-an-antimicrobial-stewardship-program-on-antibiotic-use-at-a-nonfreestanding-children-s-hospital
#10
R Brigg Turner, Elena Valcarlos, Ann M Loeffler, Michael Gilbert, Dominic Chan
Background: Pediatric stewardship programs have been successful at reducing unnecessary antibiotic use. Data from nonfreestanding children's hospitals are currently limited. This study is an analysis of antibiotic use after implementation of an antimicrobial stewardship program at a community nonfreestanding children's hospital. Methods: In April 2013, an antimicrobial stewardship program that consisted of physician-group engagement and pharmacist prospective auditing and feedback was initiated...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898296/characterizing-the-interaction-between-physicians-pharmacists-and-pharmaceutical-representatives-in-a-middle-income-country-a-qualitative-study
#11
Rima Hajjar, Aya Bassatne, Mohamad Ali Cheaito, Rabie Naser El Dine, Sarah Traboulsy, Fadi Haddadin, Gladys Honein-AbouHaidar, Elie A Akl
BACKGROUND: Studies around the world have shown that interactions between pharmaceutical companies, pharmacists and physicians have a great influence on prescribing and drug dispensing practices. In middle-income countries, the nature and extent of these interactions have not been well researched. Our objectives were to qualitatively explore the nature of the interactions between pharmaceutical companies, physicians and pharmacists, their impact on drug prescription and dispensing practices in Lebanon...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894502/use-of-smoking-cessation-products-a-survey-of-patients-in-community-pharmacies
#12
Alan Phung, Lauren Luo, Noor Breik, Silvia Alessi-Severini
OBJECTIVES: At 17.3%, smoking rates in Manitoba continue to exceed the national average. In this province, a total health care spending of more than $200 million per year has been attributed to smoking. This study examined the use of smoking cessation agents, including nicotine replacement products and prescription medications, in a sample of smokers in the city of Winnipeg. METHODS: A simple multiple-choice questionnaire was administered to willing individuals attending 2 community pharmacies in Winnipeg, Manitoba...
September 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894314/home-care-pharmacy-practice-in-canada-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-services-provided-remuneration-barriers-and-facilitators
#13
Sherilyn Houle, Linda MacKeigan
BACKGROUND: As the population ages, and individuals desire to remain in their homes as long as possible, the need for in-home care is expected to increase. However, pharmacists have rarely been included in studies of in-home care, and little is known about the prevalence or effectiveness of pharmacists' home-based services in Canada. OBJECTIVE: To identify pharmacy practices in Canada that regularly provide in-home patient care and to identify specific services provided, remuneration obtained, and barriers and facilitators influencing the provision of home-based care...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894312/-there-s-no-touching-in-pharmacy-training-pharmacists-for-australia-s-first-pharmacist-immunization-pilot
#14
Esther T L Lau, Michelle E Rochin, Megan DelDot, Beverley D Glass, Lisa M Nissen
BACKGROUND: Vaccination is a safe, efficient, and cost-effective means of preventing, controlling, and eradicating many life-threatening infections and diseases. Globally, the World Health Organization estimates that vaccination saves between 2 million and 3 million lives annually. However, low immunization rates are a significant public health concern. Individual factors, along with the vaccination process and system, have been reported as perceived barriers and challenges to immunization...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887349/population-health-management-an-independent-physician-organization-approach
#15
Jeanette L Altavela, Kathryn M Dorward, Thomas A Sorrento, Katherine M Diehl, Cori A Wyman
PURPOSE: The role of clinical pharmacists and their impact on population health and value-based contracts within a multidisciplinary care management team are described. SUMMARY: The Greater Rochester Independent Practice Association (GRIPA) has promoted high-quality, value-based care since its foundation 20 years ago. One of several ways that GRIPA enables its physicians to succeed in shared-savings agreements is by providing a community-based multidisciplinary care management team...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887347/pharmacists-supporting-population-health-in-patient-centered-medical-homes
#16
Antoinette B Coe, Hae Mi Choe
PURPOSE: The integral role of pharmacists in supporting population health initiatives in the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model of care is described. SUMMARY: Population health initiatives focus on the health outcomes of a group of patients; in the PCMH model, such groups of patients, known as panels, may be defined as patients assigned to a care team or provider. The basic characteristics of the PCMH model include physician-led, team-based practice; coordinated and integrated care within the PCMH and in the patient's community; provision of safe, evidence-based, high-quality care; incorporation of health information technology and continuous quality improvement strategies into panel identification, documentation, and care processes; improved access to care (e...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885222/opinions-of-maltese-doctors-and-pharmacists-on-medication-errors
#17
Amy Tanti, Miriam Camilleri, Andrew A Borg, Benjamin Micallef, Gavril Flores, Anthony Serracino-Inglott, John Joseph Borg
BACKGROUND: Pharmacovigilance directive 2010/84/EU focused attention on medication errors and encouraged regulators to identify causing and contributing factors. OBJECTIVES: (1) To study opinions of doctors/pharmacists on factors bearing a causal link to MEs as well as ways to minimise MEs (2) to test whether differences in opinion exist between subgroups of doctors and pharmacists working in community, hospital or office settings. METHODS: Different questionnaires were circulated to doctors and pharmacists...
2017: International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884990/evaluation-of-asthma-control-in-the-pharmacy-an-italian-cross-sectional-study
#18
M Caminati, G Senna, N Segala, M Bacchini, G Stefanizzi, C Bovo, M Schiappoli, G W Canonica, G Passalacqua
Background. In Western countries a large proportion of asthmatic patients remain uncontrolled, despite the availability of effective drugs. An involvement of pharmacies / pharmacists in asthma management has been suggested in guidelines, since this could provide a relevant support. Objective. The present cross-sectional study aimed at assessing the level of asthma control, by using ACT questionnaire, in the community pharmacies in the County of Verona, North East of Italy. Methods. A call for participation was sent by Verona Pharmacists' Association to all the pharmacies located in the Verona municipality...
September 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878679/time-investment-in-drug-supply-problems-by-flemish-community-pharmacies
#19
Elfi De Weerdt, Steven Simoens, Minne Casteels, Isabelle Huys
Introduction: Drug supply problems are a known problem for pharmacies. Community and hospital pharmacies do everything they can to minimize impact on patients. This study aims to quantify the time spent by Flemish community pharmacies on drug supply problems. Materials and Methods: During 18 weeks, employees of 25 community pharmacies filled in a template with the total time spent on drug supply problems. The template stated all the steps community pharmacies could undertake to manage drug supply problems. Results: Considering the median over the study period, the median time spent on drug supply problems was 25 min per week, with a minimum of 14 min per week and a maximum of 38 min per week...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877940/qualitative-meta-synthesis-of-barriers-and-facilitators-that-influence-the-implementation-of-community-pharmacy-services-perspectives-of-patients-nurses-and-general-medical-practitioners
#20
Lutfun N Hossain, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Tim Luckett, Joanna C Moullin, Desire Durks, Lucia Franco-Trigo, Shalom I Benrimoj, Daniel Sabater-Hernández
OBJECTIVES: The integration of community pharmacy services (CPSs) into primary care practice can be enhanced by assessing (and further addressing) the elements that enable (ie, facilitators) or hinder (ie, barriers) the implementation of such CPSs. These elements have been widely researched from the perspective of pharmacists but not from the perspectives of other stakeholders who can interact with and influence the implementation of CPSs. The aim of this study was to synthesise the literature on patients', general practitioners' (GPs) and nurses' perspectives of CPSs to identify barriers and facilitators to their implementation in Australia...
September 5, 2017: BMJ Open
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