keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Metabolomic acetate

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342863/disturbed-tryptophan-metabolism-correlating-to-progression-and-metastasis-of-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#1
Jing Cheng, Hai Jin, Xiaobei Hou, Jie Lv, Xianfu Gao, Guangyong Zheng
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most frequent malignancies worldwide. Lymph node metastasis is the leading cause of death in ESCC patients. To identify early diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers of ESCC and elucidate underlying pathogenesis of the disease, a targeted metabolomics strategy based on liquid chromatography combined with tandem mass spectrometry was applied to explore tryptophan metabolism between ESCC patients, metastatic ESCC patients (mESCC), and healthy controls. Statistical analysis on metabolite expression abundance and compound concentration ratio was conducted to discriminate patients from healthy controls...
March 23, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337503/gut-microbiome-related-metabolic-changes-in-plasma-of-antibiotic-treated-rats
#2
C Behr, H Kamp, E Fabian, G Krennrich, W Mellert, E Peter, V Strauss, T Walk, I M C M Rietjens, B van Ravenzwaay
The intestinal microbiota contributes to the metabolism of its host. Adequate identification of the microbiota's impact on the host plasma metabolites is lacking. As antibiotics have a profound effect on the microbial composition and hence on the mammalian-microbiota co-metabolism, we studied the effects of antibiotics on the "functionality of the microbiome"-defined as the production of metabolites absorbed by the host. This metabolomics study presents insights into the mammalian-microbiome co-metabolism of endogenous metabolites...
March 23, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335380/vitamin-e-nicotinate
#3
REVIEW
Kimbell R Duncan, Yuichiro J Suzuki
Vitamin E refers to a family of compounds that function as lipid-soluble antioxidants capable of preventing lipid peroxidation. Naturally occurring forms of vitamin E include tocopherols and tocotrienols. Vitamin E in dietary supplements and fortified foods is often an esterified form of α-tocopherol, the most common esters being acetate and succinate. The vitamin E esters are hydrolyzed and converted into free α-tocopherol prior to absorption in the intestinal tract. Because its functions are relevant to many chronic diseases, vitamin E has been extensively studied in respect to a variety of diseases as well as cosmetic applications...
March 13, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315126/screening-for-main-components-associated-with-the-idiosyncratic-hepatotoxicity-of-a-tonic-herb-polygonum-multiflorum
#4
Chunyu Li, Ming Niu, Zhaofang Bai, Congen Zhang, Yanling Zhao, Ruiyu Li, Can Tu, Huifang Li, Jing Jing, Yakun Meng, Zhijie Ma, Wuwen Feng, Jinfa Tang, Yun Zhu, Jinjie Li, Xiaoya Shang, Zhengsheng Zou, Xiaohe Xiao, Jiabo Wang
The main constituents of a typical medicinal herb, Polygonum multiflorum (Heshouwu in Chinese), that induces idiosyncratic liver injury remain unclear. Our previous work has shown that cotreatment with a nontoxic dose of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and therapeutic dose of Heshouwu can induce liver injury in rats, whereas the solo treatment cannot induce observable injury. In the present work, using the constituent "knock-out" and "knock-in" strategy, we found that the ethyl acetate (EA) extract of Heshouwu displayed comparable idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity to the whole extract in LPS-treated rats...
March 17, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286172/age-related-changes-in-skeletal-muscle-composition-a-pilot-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-study-in-mice
#5
Anatoly P Sobolev, Luisa Mannina, Manuela Costanzo, Barbara Cisterna, Manuela Malatesta, Carlo Zancanaro
The composition of skeletal muscle was investigated in the quadriceps and gastrocnemius muscle of 13-month-old (n=15) and 23-month-old (n=19) mice by means of high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Muscle specimens were dissected out, frozen in liquid nitrogen and extracted in chloroform/methanol, and proton NMR spectra of the resulting aqueous and organic fractions were obtained at 600MHz. Several metabolites were unambiguously identified and quantified. Multivariate ANOVA (factor: age, muscle, age×muscle) showed a significant main effect of age (P=0...
March 7, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285599/microbiome-and-metabolome-modifying-effects-of-several-cardiovascular-disease-interventions-in-apo-e-mice
#6
Paul M Ryan, Lis E E London, Trent C Bjorndahl, Rupasri Mandal, Kiera Murphy, Gerald F Fitzgerald, Fergus Shanahan, R Paul Ross, David S Wishart, Noel M Caplice, Catherine Stanton
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence indicating that gut microbiota have the potential to modify, or be modified by the drugs and nutritional interventions that we rely upon. This study aims to characterize the compositional and functional effects of several nutritional, neutraceutical, and pharmaceutical cardiovascular disease interventions on the gut microbiome, through metagenomic and metabolomic approaches. Apolipoprotein-E-deficient mice were fed for 24 weeks either high-fat/cholesterol diet alone (control, HFC) or high-fat/cholesterol in conjunction with one of three dietary interventions, as follows: plant sterol ester (PSE), oat β-glucan (OBG) and bile salt hydrolase-active Lactobacillus reuteri APC 2587 (BSH), or the drug atorvastatin (STAT)...
March 13, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280764/lipid-quantitation-and-metabolomics-data-from-vitamin-e-deficient-and-sufficient-zebrafish-embryos-from-0-to-120-hours-post-fertilization
#7
Melissa McDougall, Jaewoo Choi, Hye-Kyeong Kim, Gerd Bobe, J Frederik Stevens, Enrique Cadenas, Robert Tanguay, Maret G Traber
The data herein is in support of our research article by McDougall et al. (2017) [1], in which we used our zebrafish model of embryonic vitamin E (VitE) deficiency to study the consequences of VitE deficiency during development. Adult 5D wild-type zebrafish (Danio rerio), fed defined diets without (E-) or with VitE (E+, 500 mg RRR-α-tocopheryl acetate/kg diet), were spawned to obtain E- and E+ embryos that we evaluated using metabolomics and specific lipid analyses (each measure at 24, 48, 72, 120 hours-post-fertilization, hpf), neurobehavioral development (locomotor responses at 96 hpf), and rescue strategies...
April 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272319/facilitated-visual-interpretation-of-scores-in-principal-component-analysis-by-bioactivity-labeling-of-1h-nmr-spectra-metabolomics-investigation-and-identification-of-a-new-%C3%AE-glucosidase-inhibitor-in-radix-astragali
#8
Yueqiu Liu, Nils T Nyberg, Anna K Jäger, Dan Staerk
Radix Astragali is a component of several traditional medicines used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes in China. Radix Astragali is known to contain isoflavones, which inhibit α-glucosidase in the small intestines, and thus lowers the blood glucose levels. In this study, 21 samples obtained from different regions of China were extracted with ethyl acetate, then the IC50-values were determined, and the crude extracts were analyzed by 1H-NMR spectroscopy. A principal component analysis of the 1H-NMR spectra labeled with their IC50-values, that is, bioactivity-labeled 1H-NMR spectra, showed a clear correlation between spectral profiles and the α-glucosidase inhibitory activity...
March 6, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265055/glyoxylate-detoxification-is-an-essential-function-of-malate-synthase-required-for-carbon-assimilation-in-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#9
Susan Puckett, Carolina Trujillo, Zhe Wang, Hyungjin Eoh, Thomas R Ioerger, Inna Krieger, James Sacchettini, Dirk Schnappinger, Kyu Y Rhee, Sabine Ehrt
The glyoxylate shunt is a metabolic pathway of bacteria, fungi, and plants used to assimilate even-chain fatty acids (FAs) and has been implicated in persistence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). Recent work, however, showed that the first enzyme of the glyoxylate shunt, isocitrate lyase (ICL), may mediate survival of Mtb during the acute and chronic phases of infection in mice through physiologic functions apart from fatty acid metabolism. Here, we report that malate synthase (MS), the second enzyme of the glyoxylate shunt, is essential for in vitro growth and survival of Mtb on even-chain fatty acids, in part, for a previously unrecognized activity: mitigating the toxicity of glyoxylate excess arising from metabolism of even-chain fatty acids...
March 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262365/-1-h-nmr-based-metabolomics-study-on-repeat-dose-toxicity-of-fine-particulate-matter-in-rats-after-intratracheal-instillation
#10
Yannan Zhang, Hejing Hu, Yanfeng Shi, Xiaozhe Yang, Lige Cao, Jing Wu, Collins Otieno Asweto, Lin Feng, Junchao Duan, Zhiwei Sun
Systemic metabolic effects and toxicity mechanisms of ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) remain uncertain. In order to investigate the mechanisms in PM2.5 toxicity, we explored the endogenous metabolic changes and possible influenced metabolic pathways in rats after intratracheal instillation of PM2.5 by using a (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolomics approach. Liver and kidney histopathology examinations were also performed. Chemical characterization demonstrated that PM2.5 was a complex mixture of elements...
March 2, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256598/volatile-metabolomic-signature-of-human-breast-cancer-cell-lines
#11
Catarina L Silva, Rosa Perestrelo, Pedro Silva, Helena Tomás, José S Câmara
Breast cancer (BC) remains the most prevalent oncologic pathology in women, causing huge psychological, economic and social impacts on our society. Currently, the available diagnostic tools have limited sensitivity and specificity. Metabolome analysis has emerged as a powerful tool for obtaining information about the biological processes that occur in organisms, and is a useful platform for discovering new biomarkers or make disease diagnosis using different biofluids. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from the headspace of cultured BC cells and normal human mammary epithelial cells, were collected by headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and analyzed by gas chromatography combined with mass spectrometry (GC-MS), thus defining a volatile metabolomic signature...
March 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252223/chronic-effects-of-copper-in-oysters-crassostrea-hongkongensis-under-different-exposure-regimes-as-shown-by-nmr-based-metabolomics
#12
Chen Cao, Wen-Xiong Wang
Traditional metal toxicity tests on organisms have mainly focused on continuous exposure at a fixed concentration. However, organisms are more likely exposed to pollutants intermittently in estuarine environments that are significantly impacted by anthropogenic activity. The present study examined whether different copper (Cu) exposure regimes at an equivalent dose can induce different metabolomics effects on the oysters. An estuarine oyster Crassostrea hongkongensis was exposed to Cu continuously or intermittently at an equal dose (time × concentration) for 6 wk...
March 2, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209995/rna-seq-based-transcriptomic-and-metabolomic-analysis-reveal-stress-responses-and-programmed-cell-death-induced-by-acetic-acid-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#13
Yachen Dong, Jingjin Hu, Linlin Fan, Qihe Chen
As a typical harmful inhibitor in cellulosic hydrolyzates, acetic acid not only hinders bioethanol production, but also induces cell death in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Herein, we conducted both transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses to investigate the global responses under acetic acid stress at different stages. There were 295 up-regulated and 427 down-regulated genes identified at more than two time points during acetic acid treatment (150 mM, pH 3.0). These differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were mainly involved in intracellular homeostasis, central metabolic pathway, transcription regulation, protein folding and stabilization, ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process, vesicle-mediated transport, protein synthesis, MAPK signaling pathways, cell cycle, programmed cell death, etc...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186321/plasmid-encoded-biosynthetic-genes-alleviate-metabolic-disadvantages-while-increasing-glucose-conversion-to-shikimate-in-an-engineered-escherichia-coli-strain
#14
Alberto Rodriguez, Juan A Martínez, Pierre Millard, Guillermo Gosset, Jean-Charles Portais, Fabien Létisse, Francisco Bolivar
Metabolic engineering strategies applied over the last two decades to produce shikimate (SA) in Escherichia coli have resulted in a battery of strains bearing many expression systems. However, the effects that these systems have on the host physiology and how they impact the production of SA are still not well understood. In this work we utilized an engineered E. coli strain to determine the consequences of carrying a vector that promotes SA production from glucose with a high yield but that is also expected to impose a significant cellular burden...
February 10, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159726/anti-ulcer-effect-and-potential-mechanism-of-licoflavone-by-regulating-inflammation-mediators-and-amino-acid-metabolism
#15
Yi Yang, Shuai Wang, Yong-Rui Bao, Tian-Jiao Li, Guan-Lin Yang, Xin Chang, Xian-Sheng Meng
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Glycyrrhiza is the dry root and rhizome of the leguminous plant, Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch., Glycyrrhiza inflata Bat. or Glycyrrhiza glabra L., which was firstly cited in Shennong's Herbal Classic in Han dynasty and was officially listed in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, has been widely used in China during the past millennia. Licoflavone is the major component of Glycyrrhiza with anti-ulcer activity. The present study is based on clarifying the anti-ulcer effect of licoflavone, aiming at elucidating the possible molecule mechanisms of its action for treating gastric ulcer rats induced by acetic acid...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146307/targeted-metabolomics-of-the-phenylpropanoid-pathway-in-arabidopsis-thaliana-using-reversed-phase-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#16
Rohit Jaini, Peng Wang, Natalia Dudareva, Clint Chapple, John A Morgan
INTRODUCTION: The phenylpropanoid pathway is a source of a diverse group of compounds derived from phenylalanine, many of which are involved in lignin biosynthesis and serve as precursors for the production of valuable compounds, such as coumarins, flavonoids, and lignans. Consequently, recent efforts have been invested in mechanistically understanding monolignol biosynthesis, making the quantification of these metabolites vital. OBJECTIVE: To develop an improved and comprehensive analytical method for (i) extensively profiling, and (ii) accurately quantifiying intermediates of the monolignol biosynthetic network, using Arabidopsis thaliana as a model system...
February 1, 2017: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131056/simultaneous-determination-of-creatinine-and-acetate-by-capillary-electrophoresis-with-contactless-conductivity-detector-as-a-feasible-approach-for-urinary-tract-infection-diagnosis
#17
Wojciech Grochocki, Michał J Markuszewski, Joselito P Quirino
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infection in human but its diagnosis is difficult. Metabolomic studies with nuclear magnetic resonance of urine have shown that acetic acid/creatinine ratio may be used for early UTI diagnosis. Here, a method for simultaneous determination of acetate and creatinine by capillary zone electrophoresis with contactless conductivity detector was developed for the first time. The separation was with 40mM MES and 20mM l-histidine as a background solution...
January 22, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115022/gut-microbial-degradation-of-organophosphate-insecticides-induces-glucose-intolerance-via-gluconeogenesis
#18
Ganesan Velmurugan, Tharmarajan Ramprasath, Krishnan Swaminathan, Gilles Mithieux, Jeyaprakash Rajendhran, Mani Dhivakar, Ayothi Parthasarathy, D D Venkatesh Babu, Leishman John Thumburaj, Allen J Freddy, Vasudevan Dinakaran, Shanavas Syed Mohamed Puhari, Balakrishnan Rekha, Yacob Jenifer Christy, Sivakumar Anusha, Ganesan Divya, Kannan Suganya, Boominathan Meganathan, Narayanan Kalyanaraman, Varadaraj Vasudevan, Raju Kamaraj, Maruthan Karthik, Balakrishnan Jeyakumar, Albert Abhishek, Eldho Paul, Muthuirulan Pushpanathan, Rajamani Koushick Rajmohan, Kumaravel Velayutham, Alexander R Lyon, Subbiah Ramasamy
BACKGROUND: Organophosphates are the most frequently and largely applied insecticide in the world due to their biodegradable nature. Gut microbes were shown to degrade organophosphates and cause intestinal dysfunction. The diabetogenic nature of organophosphates was recently reported but the underlying molecular mechanism is unclear. We aimed to understand the role of gut microbiota in organophosphate-induced hyperglycemia and to unravel the molecular mechanism behind this process. RESULTS: Here we demonstrate a high prevalence of diabetes among people directly exposed to organophosphates in rural India (n = 3080)...
January 24, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063211/nmr-metabolomics-investigates-the-influence-of-flavonoid-enriched-rations-on-chicken-plasma
#19
Charalambos Fotakis, Dimitra Z Lantzouraki, Michael Goliomytis, Panagiotis E Simitzis, Maria Charismiadou, Stelios G Deligeorgis, Panagiotis Zoumpoulakis
The use of flavonoids as dietary supplements is well established, mainly due to their intense antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. In the present study, hesperidin, naringin, and vitamin E were used as additives at different concentrations in poultry rations in order to achieve meat of improved quality. NMR metabolomics was applied to chicken blood serum samples to discern whether and how the enriched rations affected the animals’ metabolic profile. Variations in the metabolic patterns according to sustenance consumption were traced by orthogonal projections to latent structures discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) models and were attributed to specific metabolites by using S-line plots...
January 7, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029042/carbon-isotopomer-analysis-with-non-unifom-sampling-hsqc-nmr-for-cell-extract-and-live-cell-metabolomics-studies
#20
Sujin Lee, He Wen, Yong Jin An, Jin Wook Cha, Yoon-Joo Ko, Sven G Hyberts, Sunghyouk Park
Isotopomer analysis using either (13)C NMR or LC/GC-MS has been an invaluable tool for studying metabolic activities in a variety of systems. Traditional challenges are, however, that (13)C-detected NMR is insensitive despite its high resolution, and that MS-based techniques cannot easily differentiate positional isotopomers. In addition, current (13)C NMR or LC/GC-MS has limitations in detecting metabolites in living cells. Here, we describe a non-uniform sampling-based 2D heteronuclear single quantum coherence (NUS HSQC) approach to measure metabolic isotopomers in both cell lysates and living cells...
December 27, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
keyword
keyword
120033
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"