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Thrombophlebitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187060/risk-factors-in-children-older-than-5-years-with-pneumococcal-meningitis-data-from-a-national-network
#1
Fanny Hénaff, Corinne Levy, Robert Cohen, Capucine Picard, Emmanuelle Varon, Christèle Gras Le Guen, Elise Launay
INTRODUCTION: The occurrence of meningitis in children > 5 years old may be associated with specific predisposing factors that can be anatomic, such as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula or breach, or related to genetic susceptibility or N inborn or acquired immunologic defect. This study aimed to assess the anatomical and immunologic risk factors in children > 5 years old with pneumococcal meningitis and prospectively enrolled in the French national meningitis network. METHODS: We analyzed all data for children 5 to 15 years old with a diagnosis of pneumococcal meningitis between 2001 and 2013...
December 13, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169486/hepatic-vena-cava-syndrome-new-concept-of-pathogenesis
#2
REVIEW
Santosh Man Shrestha, Masayoshi Kage, Byung Boong Lee
Hepatic vena cava syndrome (HVCS) also known as membranous obstruction of inferior vena cava was considered a rare congenital disease and included under Budd Chiari syndrome. It is now recognized as a bacterial infection induced disease related to poor hygienic living condition. Localized thrombophlebitis of IVC at the site close to hepatic veins (HV) outlets is the initial lesion which converts on resolution into stenosis or complete obstruction, the circulatory equilibrium being maintained by development of cavo-caval collateral anastomosis...
February 7, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150061/descending-necrotizing-mediastinitis-with-lemierre-s-syndrome
#3
Taisuke Kaiho, Takahiro Nakajima, Shuji Yonekura, Sawako Hamasaki, Takekazu Iwata, Ichiro Yoshino
Descending necrotizing mediastinitis is a severe infection of the mediastinum. Lemierre's syndrome manifests as thrombophlebitis in the cervical veins, which is caused by a neck infection. A 50-year-old woman had a fever with a 13-day history of neck pain. CT showed a deep neck abscess with vertebral vein thrombosis and mediastinal abscesses. Multiple small pulmonary nodules were found, suggesting septic pulmonary embolism. Emergency surgery for bilateral cervical and mediastinal drainage was performed, and antibiotics and anticoagulation agent was administered...
February 1, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129819/-evaluation-of-clinical-evidence-for-dalbavancin
#4
Dolors Rodríguez-Pardo
Gram-positive infections are currently a therapeutic challenge because of the emergence of strains resistant to first-line antibiotics. Consequently, in the last few years, new antibiotics have been developed with activity against multiresistant Gram-positive bacteria, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and strains with intermediate sensitivity to vancomycin. Among the new antibiotics approved for the treatment of these microorganisms, dalbavancin is a semisynthetic lipoglycopeptide derived from teicoplanin, but has a superior efficacy profile to the latter...
January 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119106/comparison-of-ultrasound-guided-endovenous-laser-ablation-and-radiofrequency-for-the-varicose-veins-treatment-an-updated-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Zhiguang He, Chenhong Zheng, Hongpeng Zhang, Ming-An Yu
PURPOSE: To investigate and compare the relative efficacy, recurrence and complications of endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for the treatment of varicose veins patients. METHODS: Searches were applied to the Cochrane Library as well as MEDLINE, EMBASE, BIOSIS databases. 12 articles published in English (10 randomized controlled trials and 2 cohort study) were identified from specialized trails. Fixed effect model and Random effect model were applied to compare the vein ablated length, pain scores (3days and 10days), quality of Life, occlusion, over all complication, thrombophlebitis, haematoma and recanalization between the EVLA and RFA group...
January 21, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116936/-superficial-venous-thrombosis-a-state-of-art
#6
Tamás Sándor
For a long time superficial thrombophlebitis has been thought to be a rather benign condition. Recently, when duplex ultrasound technique is used for the diagnosis more and more often, the disease is proved to be more dangerous than anticipated. Thrombosis propagates to the deep veins in 6-44% and pulmonary embolism was observed on the patients in 1,5-33%. We can calculate venous thromboembolic complications on every fourth patient. Diagnosis is clinical, but duplex ultrasound examination is mandatory, for estimation of the thrombus extent, for exclusion of the deep venous thrombosis and for follow up...
January 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081186/mechanical-compression-effects-on-the-secretion-of-vwf-and-il-8-by-cultured-human-vein-endothelium
#7
Dar Weiss, Sharon Avraham, Ruth Guttlieb, Lee Gasner, Alina Lotman, Oren M Rotman, Shmuel Einav
Short peripheral catheters are ubiquitous in today's healthcare environment enabling effective delivery of fluids and medications directly into a patient's vasculature. However, complications related to their use, such as short peripheral catheter thrombophlebitis (SPCT), affect up to 80% of hospitalized patients. While indwelling within the vein, the catheters exert prolonged constant pressure upon the endothelium which can trigger inflammation processes. We have developed and studied an in-vitro model of cultured endothelial cells subjected to mechanical compression of modular self-designed weights, and explored their inflammatory response by quantification of two key biomarkers- vWF and IL-8...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079297/the-effectiveness-of-diclofenac-sodium-in-the-treatment-of-mondor-s-disease-of-the-breast-the-topical-patch-compared-to-the-oral-capsules
#8
Bader Hamza Shirah, Hamza Assad Shirah, Wedad Salem Alonazie
Mondor's disease of the breast is a rare, benign sclerosing superficial thrombophlebitis of the subcutaneous veins of the anterior or lateral chest wall, which is treated conservatively. We aim in this study to evaluate the outcome and effectiveness of our treatment protocol using oral diclofenac sodium and topical diclofenac sodium patch in 172 patients. A retrospective database analysis of 172 female patients between January 2001 and December 2010 was done. The treatment protocol consisted of group 1: treatment by oral diclofenac sodium 100 mg once daily for 3 weeks...
January 12, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076593/brachial-insertion-of-fully-implantable-venous-catheters-for-chemotherapy-complications-and-quality-of-life-assessment-in-35-patients
#9
Igor Yoshio Imagawa Fonseca, Mariana Krutman, Kenji Nishinari, Guilherme Yazbek, Marcelo Passos Teivelis, Guilherme André Zottele Bomfim, Rafael Noronha Cavalcante, Nelson Wolosker
Objective: To prospectively evaluate the perioperative safety, early complications and satisfaction of patients who underwent the implantation of central catheters peripherally inserted via basilic vein. Methods: Thirty-five consecutive patients with active oncologic disease requiring chemotherapy were prospectively followed up after undergoing peripheral implantation of indwelling venous catheters, between November 2013 and June 2014. The procedures were performed in the operating room by the same team of three vascular surgeons...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982166/randomized-trial-of-radiofrequency-ablation-versus-conventional-surgery-for-superficial-venous-insufficiency-if-you-don-t-tell-they-won-t-know
#10
Cynthia de Almeida Mendes, Alexandre de Arruda Martins, Juliana Maria Fukuda, José Ben-Hur Ferraz Parente, Marco Antonio Soares Munia, Alexandre Fioranelli, Marcelo Passos Teivelis, Andrea Yasbek Monteiro Varella, Roberto Augusto Caffaro, Sergio Kuzniec, Nelson Wolosker
OBJECTIVES: This study compared radiofrequency ablation versus conventional surgery in patients who had not undergone previous treatment for bilateral great saphenous vein insufficiency, with each patient serving as his own control. METHOD: This was a randomized controlled trial that included 18 patients and was carried out between November 2013 and May 2015. Each of the lower limbs of each patient was randomly assigned to undergo either radiofrequency ablation or conventional surgery...
November 1, 2016: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977559/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-as-a-cause-of-lemierre-s-syndrome
#11
Ravi H Jariwala, Swetha Srialluri, Maria Z Huang, Suresh B Boppana
Lemierre's syndrome (LS) or jugular vein suppurative thrombophlebitis is well described in literature. The organisms most often responsible are Fusobacterium necrophorum or anaerobic flora. We present a case of LS with an atypical microbiologic cause, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). We also present retrospective review of all LS cases from our institution and identified two additional children with LS caused by MRSA.
December 12, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935900/-thromboangiitis-obliterans-buerger-s-disease-state-of-the-art
#12
D D Zerbino, E A Zimba, N N Bagry
Thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease) is systemic vasculitis with predominant development of thrombotic occlusions of small-to-medium diameter arteries of distal portions of both upper and lower limbs. A distinctive feature of Buerger's disease from other vasculitides is the involvement of the venous bed into the pathological process in the form of migrating thrombophlebitis. The disease is encountered more often in young adult males, predominantly tobacco smokers. The clinical pattern is presented by symptoms of increasing insufficiency of blood supply of tissues of extremities...
2016: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920864/clinical-case-report-discitis-osteomyelitis-complicated-by-inferior-vena-cava-venous-thrombosis-and-septic-pulmonary-emboli
#13
Zerwa Farooq, Brooke Devenney-Cakir
Viridans group streptococcus is an infrequent cause of osteomyelitis that is found in association with infective endocarditis. Only a few studies report viridans osteomyelitis in the absence of endocarditis. Vertebral pyogenic osteomyelitis can sometimes be complicated by psoas or paraspinal abscesses. These intra-abdominal and/or pelvic collections can very rarely result in venous thrombosis. A paraspinal abscess resulting in inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis has only been reported once in the literature...
December 2016: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878550/diverticulitis-a-comprehensive-review-with-usual-and-unusual-complications
#14
REVIEW
Mehmet Ruhi Onur, Erhan Akpinar, Ali Devrim Karaosmanoglu, Cavid Isayev, Musturay Karcaaltincaba
: Diverticulitis is characterized by inflammation of the outpouchings of the bowel wall. Imaging findings of diverticulitis include edematous thickening of the bowel wall with inflammatory changes within the adjacent mesenteric fat. Uncomplicated diverticulitis can be treated conservatively; however, complicated diverticulitis may not be responsive to medical treatment and life-threatening conditions may occur. In this review, we aimed to illustrate the ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) features of diverticulitis and its complications including perforation, phlegmon, abscess, ascending septic thrombophlebitis (phylephlebitis), bleeding, intestinal obstruction, and fistula...
February 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866674/quantitative-t2-mapping-for-detection-and-quantification-of-thrombophlebitis-in-a-rabbit-model
#15
Dar Weiss, Oren M Rotman, Shmuel Einav
Short peripheral catheter thrombophlebitis (SPCT), a sterile inflammation of the vein wall, is the most common complication associated with short peripheral catheters (SPCs) and affects up to 80% of hospitalized patients receiving IV therapy. Extensive research efforts have been devoted for improvement and optimization of the catheter material, but means for examination of any novel design are limited, inaccurate and require costly comprehensive pre-clinical and clinical trials. Therefore, there is a conclusive need for a reliable quantitative method for evaluation of SPCT, in particular for research purposes examining the thrombophlebitis-related symptoms of any novel catheter design...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851409/1774-fusobacterium-necrophum-without-septic-thrombophlebitis
#16
Camille Halfman, Jeremy Joslin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833779/pylephlebitis-with-liver-abscess-secondary-to-chronic-appendicitis-a-radiological-conundrum
#17
Divya Santosh, Gavin Low
Septic thrombophlebitis of the portal vein and/or its intra-hepatic branches (pylephlebitis) with associated liver abscess formation is a rare and potentially fatal complication of intra-abdominal infection. We present such a case that was caused by missed chronic appendicitis. Imaging findings can be complex and mimic other diseases leading to a diagnostic conundrum. Radiologists need to be knowledgeable of this challenging condition to prevent misdiagnosis and because prompt treatment is often life-saving...
2016: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821318/predicting-and-preventing-thromboembolic-events-in-patients-receiving-cisplatin-based-chemotherapy-for-germ-cell-tumours
#18
Marco Gizzi, Lucie Oberic, Christophe Massard, Audrey Poterie, Le Teuff Gwenael, Yohann Loriot, Laurence Albiges, Giulia Baciarello, Judith Michels, Alberto Bossi, Pierre Blanchard, Bernard Escudier, Karim Fizazi
BACKGROUND: Patients with germ cell tumours (GCT) receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy are at high risk of thromboembolic events (TEE). Previously, we identified serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and body surface area (BSA) as independent predictive factors for TEE. The aim of this study was to validate these predictive factors and to assess the impact of thromboembolism prophylaxis in patients at risk of deep venous thrombosis (DVT). METHODS: Between 2001 and 2014, 295 patients received first-line cisplatin-based chemotherapy for GCT...
November 4, 2016: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780607/ultrasound-guided-deep-arm-veins-insertion-of-long-peripheral-catheters-in-patients-with-difficult-venous-access-after-cardiac-surgery
#19
Adam Fabiani, Lorella Dreas, Gianfranco Sanson
OBJECTIVES: To analyze success rate, dwell-time, and complications of long peripheral venous catheters (L-PVCs) inserted under ultrasound guidance. BACKGROUND: In difficult venous access (DVA) patients, L-PVC can represent an alternative to central or midline catheters. METHODS: Prospective observational study. L-PVCs were positioned in DVA patients. The outcome of the cannulation procedure and the times and reasons for catheters removal were analyzed...
January 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769805/bodybuilding-induced-mondor-s-disease-of-the-chest-wall
#20
Christian Tröbinger, Christian J Wiedermann
OBJECTIVE: To describe the association of bodybuilding abdominal exercise with the development of superficial sclerosing thrombophlebitis of the anterolateral thoracoabdominal wall. DESIGN: A single case study. SETTING: University-affiliated regional community hospital. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 54-year-old man presented with an otherwise unremarkable past medical history 4 weeks after the start of left-sided chest discomfort...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
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