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necrotizing pneumonia guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27655850/ivig-mediated-protection-against-necrotizing-pneumonia-caused-by-mrsa
#1
Binh An Diep, Vien T M Le, Cedric Badiou, Hoan N Le, Marcos Gabriel Pinheiro, Au H Duong, Xing Wang, Etyene Castro Dip, Fábio Aguiar-Alves, Li Basuino, Helene Marbach, Thuy T Mai, Marie N Sarda, Osamu Kajikawa, Gustavo Matute-Bello, Christine Tkaczyk, Jean-Philippe Rasigade, Bret R Sellman, Henry F Chambers, Gerard Lina
New therapeutic approaches are urgently needed to improve survival outcomes for patients with necrotizing pneumonia caused by Staphylococcus aureus One such approach is adjunctive treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), but clinical practice guidelines offer conflicting recommendations. In a preclinical rabbit model, prophylaxis with IVIG conferred protection against necrotizing pneumonia caused by five different epidemic strains of community-associated methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) as well as a widespread strain of hospital-associated MRSA...
September 21, 2016: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26729193/early-biliary-decompression-versus-conservative-treatment-in-acute-biliary-pancreatitis-apec-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Nicolien J Schepers, Olaf J Bakker, Marc G H Besselink, Thomas L Bollen, Marcel G W Dijkgraaf, Casper H J van Eijck, Paul Fockens, Erwin J M van Geenen, Janneke van Grinsven, Nora D L Hallensleben, Bettina E Hansen, Hjalmar C van Santvoort, Robin Timmer, Marie-Paule G F Anten, Clemens J M Bolwerk, Foke van Delft, Hendrik M van Dullemen, G Willemien Erkelens, Jeanin E van Hooft, Robert Laheij, René W M van der Hulst, Jeroen M Jansen, Frank J G M Kubben, Sjoerd D Kuiken, Lars E Perk, Rogier J J de Ridder, Marno C M Rijk, Tessa E H Römkens, Erik J Schoon, Matthijs P Schwartz, B W Marcel Spanier, Adriaan C I T L Tan, Willem J Thijs, Niels G Venneman, Frank P Vleggaar, Wim van de Vrie, Ben J Witteman, Hein G Gooszen, Marco J Bruno
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis is mostly caused by gallstones or sludge. Early decompression of the biliary tree by endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) with sphincterotomy may improve outcome in these patients. Whereas current guidelines recommend early ERC in patients with concomitant cholangitis, early ERC is not recommended in patients with mild biliary pancreatitis. Evidence on the role of routine early ERC with endoscopic sphincterotomy in patients without cholangitis but with biliary pancreatitis at high risk for complications is lacking...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25633400/aspiration-and-evaluation-of-gastric-residuals-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-state-of-the-science
#3
Leslie Parker, Roberto Murgas Torrazza, Yuefeng Li, Elizabeth Talaga, Jonathan Shuster, Josef Neu
The routine aspiration of gastric residuals (GR) is considered standard care for critically ill infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Unfortunately, scant information exists regarding the risks and benefits associated with this common procedure. This article provides the state of the science regarding what is known about the routine aspiration and evaluation of GRs in the NICU focusing on the following issues: (1) the use of GRs for verification of feeding tube placement, (2) GRs as an indicator of gastric contents, (3) GRs as an indicator of feeding intolerance or necrotizing enterocolitis, (4) the association between GR volume and ventilator-associated pneumonia, (5) whether GRs should be discarded or refed, (6) the definition of an abnormal GR, and (7) the potential risks associated with aspiration and evaluation of GRs...
January 2015: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25617977/-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-children-treatment-of-complicated-cases-and-risk-patients-consensus-statement-by-the-spanish-society-of-paediatric-infectious-diseases-seip-and-the-spanish-society-of-paediatric-chest-diseases-senp
#4
D Moreno-Pérez, A Andrés Martín, A Tagarro García, A Escribano Montaner, J Figuerola Mulet, J J García García, A Moreno-Galdó, C Rodrigo Gonzalo de Lliria, J Saavedra Lozano
The incidence of community-acquired pneumonia complications has increased during the last decade. According to the records from several countries, empyema and necrotizing pneumonia became more frequent during the last few years. The optimal therapeutic approach for such conditions is still controversial. Both pharmacological management (antimicrobials and fibrinolysis), and surgical management (pleural drainage and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery), are the subject of continuous assessment. In this paper, the Spanish Society of Paediatric Infectious Diseases and the Spanish Society of Paediatric Chest Diseases have reviewed the available evidence...
September 2015: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23916313/childhood-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-caused-by-non-7-valent-pneumococcal-vaccine-pcv7-serotypes-under-partial-immunization-in-taiwan
#5
Ching-Fen Shen, Shih-Min Wang, Kuan-Hsien Lee, Tzong-Shiann Ho, Ching-Chuan Liu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Emerging non-7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) serotypes have replaced PCV7 serotypes in childhood invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD). This study was designed to describe the IPD caused by non-PCV7 serotypes under partial PCV7 immunization in Taiwan. METHODS: All children <18 years of age diagnosed with IPD at National Cheng Kung University Hospital from 1998 to 2010 were enrolled. Clinical and laboratory information was collected...
September 2013: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23198580/-three-autopsy-cases-of-chronic-necrotizing-pulmonary-aspergillosis
#6
Nobuaki Mamesaya, Hiromi Tomioka, Toshihiko Kaneda, Yoko Kida, Masahiro Kaneko, Hiroshi Fuji, Eiji Katsuyama
Chronic necrotizing pulmonary aspergillosis (CNPA), also called semi-invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, was first described in the early 1980s as a distinct type of pulmonary aspergillosis. CNPA was an indolent, cavitary, infectious process of the lung parenchyma secondary to local invasion by Aspergillus species. Diagnosis is confirmed by pathological evidence of lung tissue invasion by the fungus. Clinical diagnosis by combined clinical, radiological and laboratory findings is needed because histopathological confirmation cannot always be obtained in the clinical setting...
September 2012: Kansenshōgaku Zasshi. the Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21784402/preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-%C3%A2-32-weeks-gestation-impact-of-revised-practice-guidelines
#7
Arij Faksh, Joseph R Wax, F Lee Lucas, Angelina Cartin, Michael G Pinette
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the perinatal impact of the 2007 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Practice Bulletin on preterm premature membrane rupture. STUDY DESIGN: Perinatal outcomes were compared in women who had experienced preterm membrane rupture in the 3 years before the 2007 Practice Bulletin to similar women who experienced preterm premature rupture of membranes in the 3 years after the issue and implementation of the guideline...
October 2011: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21340729/risk-factors-for-severe-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-preterm-low-birth-weight-neonates
#8
Pardeep Kumar, M Jeeva Sankar, Ashok Deorari, Rajvardhan Azad, Parijat Chandra, Ramesh Agarwal, Vinod Paul
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk factors predisposing to severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a level III neonatal unit. This retrospective study was conducted in a tertiary care neonatal and ophthalmic center. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed data of preterm infants who were born from January 2003 through December 2008 and were screened for ROP. Data were collected from prospectively filled ROP screening forms. All the neonates with gestation ≤ 32 wks or birth weight ≤ 1500 g were screened...
July 2011: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20469619/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-community-acquired-and-health-care-associated-pneumonia-incidence-diagnosis-and-treatment-options
#9
REVIEW
Nathan Dean
Pneumonia is one of the leading causes of death in the United States. As health care has expanded into community settings, including outpatient clinics, long-term care facilities, and dialysis centers, a new category of pneumonia-health care-associated pneumonia (HCAP)-has been defined. Bacterial resistance to antibiotics is rising among community-acquired infections, and the emergence of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections, particularly the severe form of necrotizing pneumonia mediated by USA 300 in young and healthy individuals, warrants attention...
February 2010: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20360061/community-associated-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-infections
#10
REVIEW
Fiona J Cooke, Nicholas M Brown
Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) has been recognized for over a decade, and usually refers to MRSA identified in previously healthy individuals with no recognized MRSA risk factors. Infections range from minor skin and soft tissue infections, through to severe pneumonia and necrotizing fasciitis. This review summarizes the current data on the epidemiology and molecular features of CA-MRSA, in addition to diagnosis and therapeutic measures. We also refer to current national guidelines for the management of these infections...
2010: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20155990/hospitalization-for-severe-bacterial-infections-in-children-after-exposure-to-nsaids-a-prospective-adverse-drug-reaction-reporting-study
#11
Sandrine Leroy, Elisabeth Marc, Françoise Bavoux, Jean-Marc Tréluyer, Dominique Gendrel, Gérard Bréart, Gérard Pons, Martin Chalumeau
BACKGROUND: NSAIDs are widely used to treat fever and pain in children, but their possible role in the progression of some bacterial infections is controversial. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to analyse reported cases of severe bacterial infection associated with NSAID exposure in children admitted for this reason to a general paediatric department. METHODS: This study was based on the reporting system of hospital admissions for severe bacterial infections in children after NSAID exposure, and followed the recommendations of the European Guidelines of Pharmacovigilance for medicines used in a paediatric population...
2010: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19580415/nosocomial-transmission-of-invasive-group-a-streptococcus-from-patient-to-health-care-worker
#12
Mark D Lacy, Kim Horn
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial transmission of group A streptococcus (GAS) has been well described. Instances resulting in fulminant disease among health care workers have not been described. Contact and droplet precautions have been advised to minimize the risk of nosocomial transmission. We aimed to determine whether a case of invasive GAS pneumonia and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome in a respiratory therapist was acquired as a result of caring for a patient with GAS necrotizing fasciitis...
August 1, 2009: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19268638/-necrotizing-fasciitis-due-to-community-acquired-panton-valentine-leukocidin-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#13
M Tobeña Rué, F Coll Usandizaga, C García Fontecha, R Bartolomé Comas, F A Moraga Llop
Community-Acquired Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) is a worldwide emerging pathogen that is able to produce serious skin and soft- tissue infections such as necrotizing fasciitis, as well as pneumonia and osteomyelitis. We present a 14 month child with necrotizing fasciitis, confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging, produced by CA-MRSA Panton-Valentine leukocidin producer. The clinical outcome was good after early surgical treatment and the administration of intravenous clindamycin for two weeks...
April 2009: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18626167/emerging-extra-intestinal-infections-with-aeromonas-hydrophila-in-coastal-region-of-southern-karnataka
#14
C Mukhopadhyay, K Chawla, Y Sharma, I Bairy
BACKGROUND: Aeromonas species are gram-negative rods usually isolated from the gastrointestinal tract. They have been occasionally reported as a cause of extra-intestinal infections such as cellulitis, cholangitis, necrotizing fascitis, meningitis, bacteremia, or peritonitis in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients. AIM: To determine the role and possible pathogenesis of Aeromonas in extra-intestinal infections. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Retrospective analysis carried out at Kasturba Hospital Manipal, Karnataka in the months of January and February 2007...
July 2008: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18406982/community-associated-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#15
REVIEW
Thomas R Wallin, H Gene Hern, Bradley W Frazee
Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) has emerged over the last decade across the United States and the world, becoming a major pathogen in many types of community-acquired infections. Although most commonly associated with minor skin and soft tissue infections, such as furuncles, CA-MRSA also can cause necrotizing fasciitis, pyomyositis, osteoarticular infections, and community-acquired pneumonia. This article discusses the epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of these infections from the perspective of the emergency physician...
May 2008: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16271665/fatal-community-associated-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-pneumonia-in-an-immunocompetent-young-adult
#16
Bradley W Frazee, Toby O Salz, Larry Lambert, Francoise Perdreau-Remington
Severe pneumonia caused by community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was reported in children soon after this pathogen emerged in the United States in the 1990s. Genes for Panton Valentine leukocidin, which are present in the majority of community-associated MRSA, are thought to enhance the ability of S aureus to cause necrotizing pneumonia. Despite the rapid spread throughout the United States of community-associated MRSA and related skin and soft-tissue infections, reports of severe pneumonia in adults have been rare...
November 2005: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15986222/-community-based-mrsa-a-new-challenge-for-dermatology
#17
REVIEW
W Witte, M Wiese-Posselt, U Jappe
Treatment options for infections with MRSA are extremely limited because of resistance to all beta-lactam antibiotics and primarily because of the fast acquisition of further antibiotic resistance. During the past six years MRSA possessing the genomic determinant of an additional virulence factor emerged. This virulence factor, Panton-Valentine-Leukocidin, seems to be responsible for deep skin infections as well as necrotizing pneumonia. In order to avoid a continuous spread of MRSA, consequent prevention measures both in dermatological practices and for colonized patients in their general environment are essential...
August 2005: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15918649/infections-due-to-community-acquired-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-an-emergent-epidemic-in-kentucky
#18
Paul Schulz, Marty Allen, Quentin Murray, Scott A Smith, Linda Goss, Ruth Carrico, Julio Ramirez
In recent years, epidemics of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections in patients not associated with the health care system have been reported in several states. This community-acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA) is microbiologically distinct from hospital-acquired MRSA (HA-MRSA) and has a predilection to cause severe skin and soft tissue infections and a particularly virulent necrotizing pneumonia. Many patients have suffered serious morbidity and mortality because of thefailure to recognize CA-MRSA as the pathogen in these infections...
May 2005: Journal of the Kentucky Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15843269/sudden-infant-death-syndrome-gray-zone-disclosed-only-by-a-study-of-the-brain-stem-on-serial-sections
#19
Giulia Ottaviani, Luigi Matturri, Barbara Bruni, Anna M Lavezzi
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) "gray zone" or borderline cases are defined as those cases in which it is difficult to establish whether the pathological findings are sufficiently severe to have caused the death. Examination of the brainstem in 103 cases of SIDS disclosed five SIDS "gray zone" cases in which only further investigations of serial sections successfully identified anatomico-pathological findings that likely represent the morphological substrates for a sudden reflexogenic death. A complete autopsy was performed, including close examination of the brainstem and cardiac conduction system, according to our guidelines...
2005: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12894468/-invasive-infections-due-to-group-a-beta-haemolytic-streptococci-in-two-families
#20
M J Coenraad, E A Thewessen, F P Bakker, A Blussé van oud Alblas
An invasive beta-haemolytic Lancefield group A streptococcal (GAS) infection was diagnosed in 4 patients: a 70-year-old woman, her 71-year-old husband, a 62-year-old woman and her 43-year-old son. In the married couple the infection was caused by GAS-type TB3264M100. The woman had a pneumonia, whilst her husband developed a streptococcal toxic shock-like syndrome; he died. The other woman and her son were infected with GAS-type T6M6. The son died of a circulatory arrest due to necrotizing fascitis from a wound in his arm...
July 19, 2003: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
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