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bronchiectasis guidelines

Peter J Barry, Patrick A Flume
Cystic fibrosis airways disease is characterized by chronic inflammation and infection resulting in bronchiectasis. Published guidelines recommend medications for use by CF patients to maintain lung health. There are conflicting recommendations regarding inhaled bronchodilators. This is primarily because of the interpretation of the available evidence, which suffers from studies using small numbers of subjects, varying doses and durations of treatment, and modest effects on clinically relevant endpoints. Areas covered: Herein we review the available evidence demonstrating the challenge in determining whether bronchodilators have benefit for patients...
October 8, 2016: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
Katrine Fjaellegaard, Melda Dönmez Sin, Andrea Browatzki, Charlotte Suppli Ulrik
To provide an update on efficacy and safety of antibiotic treatments for stable non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis (BE). Systematic review based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines was done. Twenty-six studies (1.898 patients) fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Studies of inhaled tobramycin have revealed conflicting results regarding quality of life (QoL), exacerbations and admissions, but may result in sputum cultures negative for Pseudomonas aeruginosa, whereas studies investigating the effect of inhaled gentamycin have shown positive effects on sputum bacterial density, decrease in sputum cultures positive for P...
August 9, 2016: Chronic Respiratory Disease
Guillermo Suarez-Cuartin, James D Chalmers, Oriol Sibila
Bronchiectasis is a condition of increasing incidence and prevalence around the world. Many different diseases have been associated with bronchiectasis, and their treatment can differ widely. Recent guidelines have helped to approach aetiological diagnosis but it is still a complex process. Identifying the cause of the bronchiectasis may determine a change in the treatment of a large group of subjects. That is one of the main reasons why the aetiological diagnosis is crucial in the proper management of bronchiectasis patients...
July 2016: Respiratory Medicine
Hae Jung Na, Jung Seop Eom, Geewon Lee, Jeong Ha Mok, Mi Hyun Kim, Kwangha Lee, Ki Uk Kim, Min Ki Lee
OBJECTIVE: Recent guidelines recommend the use by healthcare personnel of a fit-tested N95 particulate respirator or higher-grade respiratory precaution in a patient undergoing bronchoscopy when pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is suspected. However, PTB may be unexpectedly diagnosed in this setting and therefore not evaluated, resulting in the unexpected exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) of healthcare workers in the bronchoscopy suite. Here, we examined the incidence of unexpected exposure to MTB during flexible bronchoscopy and determined the exposure-related factors...
2016: PloS One
W Y Liu, Q Yu, H M Yue, J B Zhang, L Li, X Y Wang, J M Hu, T Feng, J Y Pu, X Bai
OBJECTIVE: To explore the distribution characteristics of etiology and clinical feature of chronic cough in Lanzhou. METHODS: Based on the guidelines of the diagnostic process of chronic cough in China, data of medical history and physical examinations were collected, and chest X-ray, pulmonary function plus airway hyperresponsiveness, induced sputum eosinophils, sinus X-ray or CT, 24 h esophageal pH monitoring, chest high-resolution CT and bronchoscopy were performed accordingly for outpatients with chronic cough...
May 2016: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Jae Kil Park, Jae Jun Kim, Seok Whan Moon
BACKGROUND: No definitive findings or established guidelines have been published for the evaluation of esophageal tumors (tumor) and regional lymph nodes (LN) using positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET-CT) in patients with esophageal cancer. In addition, it remains unclear whether PET-CT findings vary between neoadjuvant (NT) and non-neoadjuvant (non-NT) therapy cases. Therefore, preoperative evaluation using PET-CT might provide unreliable information and influence the management plan for esophageal cancer...
May 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Katy L M Hester, Julia Newton, Tim Rapley, Anthony De Soyza
BACKGROUND: There is currently little patient information on bronchiectasis, a chronic lung disease with rising prevalence. Previous work shows that patients and their families want more information, which could potentially improve their understanding and self-management. Using interviews and focus groups, we have co-developed a novel patient and carer information resource, aiming to meet their identified needs. The aims and objectives are: 1. To assess the potential impact of the information resource 2...
2016: Trials
Man Wah Yeung, Edwin Khoo, Sarah K Brode, Frances B Jamieson, Hiroyuki Kamiya, Jeffrey C Kwong, Liane Macdonald, Theodore K Marras, Kozo Morimoto, Beate Sander
Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infections are increasing in disease frequency worldwide. This systematic review examines health-related quality of life (HRQOL), comorbidities and mortality associated with pulmonary NTM disease. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Scopus Life Sciences, conference proceedings and Google (earliest date available to February 2015) for primary studies. Eligible studies compared populations with and without pulmonary NTM disease in high-income jurisdictions. We excluded studies on HIV/AIDS...
August 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
Jie-Lu Lin, Jin-Fu Xu, Jie-Ming Qu
Bronchiectasis is a common but long-neglected disease in China, causing a substantial disease burden both to patients and to society. The overall prevalence of physician-diagnosed bronchiectasis in people aged 40 years or older is estimated at 1.2% and is trending upward with aging of the population. The etiology of bronchiectasis has not been identified heretofore in more than 70% of patients in China, although pneumonia and tuberculosis still appear to be the most common causes of acquired bronchiectasis...
May 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Priscila Cilene León Bueno de Camargo, Ricardo Henrique de Oliveira Braga Teixeira, Rafael Medeiros Carraro, Silvia Vidal Campos, José Eduardo Afonso Junior, André Nathan Costa, Lucas Matos Fernandes, Luis Gustavo Abdalla, Marcos Naoyuki Samano, Paulo Manuel Pêgo-Fernandes
Lung transplantation is a well-established treatment for patients with advanced lung disease. The evaluation of a candidate for transplantation is a complex task and involves a multidisciplinary team that follows the patient beyond the postoperative period. Currently, the mean time on the waiting list for lung transplantation in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, is approximately 18 months. For Brazil as a whole, data from the Brazilian Organ Transplant Association show that, in 2014, there were 67 lung transplants and 204 patients on the waiting list for lung transplantation...
November 2015: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Chin Kook Rhee, Ji Ye Jung, Sei Won Lee, Joo-Hee Kim, So Young Park, Kwang Ha Yoo, Dong Ah Park, Hyeon-Kyoung Koo, Yee Hyung Kim, Ina Jeong, Je Hyeong Kim, Deog Kyeom Kim, Sung-Kyoung Kim, Yong Hyun Kim, Jinkyeong Park, Eun Young Choi, Ki-Suck Jung, Hui Jung Kim
Cough is one of the most common symptom of many respiratory diseases. The Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases organized cough guideline committee and cough guideline was developed by this committee. The purpose of this guideline is to help clinicians to diagnose correctly and treat efficiently patients with cough. In this article, we have stated recommendation and summary of Korean cough guideline. We also provided algorithm for acute, subacute, and chronic cough. For chronic cough, upper airway cough syndrome (UACS), cough variant asthma (CVA), and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) should be considered...
January 2016: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Ashok A Mahashur, Jai B Mullerpattan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Emily M DeBoer, Jeremy D Prager, Amanda G Ruiz, Emily L Jensen, Robin R Deterding, Joel A Friedlander, Jason Soden
OBJECTIVES: Children with congenital esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) require complex medical and surgical care, but few guidelines exist to guide the long term care of this population. The purpose of this study is to describe the findings and initial management of a comprehensive aerodigestive team in order to understand the ongoing needs of children with repaired TEF. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on children with TEF who were seen in the multidisciplinary Aerodigestive Clinic at Children's Hospital Colorado...
June 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Simon Finch, Melissa J McDonnell, Hani Abo-Leyah, Stefano Aliberti, James D Chalmers
RATIONALE: Eradication and suppression of Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a key priority in national guidelines for bronchiectasis and is a major focus of drug development and clinical trials. An accurate estimation of the clinical impact of P. aeruginosa in bronchiectasis is therefore essential. METHODS: Data derived from 21 observational cohort studies comparing patients with P. aeruginosa colonization with those without it were pooled by random effects meta-analysis...
November 2015: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Jose Dirceu Ribeiro, Gilberto Bueno Fischer
OBJECTIVES: To verify and describe the main events related to the diagnosis and management of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases in children (COPDC) and adolescents, considering the interrelated physiopathology, genetic, and environmental characteristics. SOURCES: Relevant literature from PubMed was selected and reviewed. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: COPDC have an environmental and/or genetic origin and its manifestation has manifold genotypes, phenotypes, and endotypes...
November 2015: Jornal de Pediatria
Tomoo Kishaba
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) is relentless progressive interstitial lung disease (ILD) of unknown etiology. Main pathogenesis is aberrant recovery of epithelial injury and collagen deposition. Majority of IPF patients have been elderly men with smokers. However, there are important differential diagnosis such as fibrotic non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP), Connective Tissue Disease (CTD) associated ILD, chronic hypersensitivity pneumonia (CHP). Clinical point of view, non-productive cough and progressive exertional dyspnea are main symptoms...
2015: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
Yingmeng Ni, Guochao Shi, Youchao Yu, Jimin Hao, Tiantian Chen, Huihui Song
BACKGROUND: In the 2014 Global initiative for chronic Obstructive Lung Disease guidelines, bronchiectasis was for the first time defined as a comorbidity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and this change has been retained in the 2015 update, which emphasizes the influence of bronchiectasis in the natural history of COPD. The present meta-analysis was aimed at summarizing the impact of bronchiectasis on patients with COPD. METHODS: Databases including Embase, PubMed, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched comprehensively to identify all relevant human clinical studies published until August 2014...
2015: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
R W Dal Negro, L Bonadiman, P Turco
BACKGROUND: Several comorbidities frequently affect COPD progression. Aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of main comorbidities by gender and disease severity in a cohort of COPD patients referring for the first time to a specialist institution. METHODS: The study was a non-interventional, cross-sectional investigation carried out via automatic and anonymous selection from the institutional data base over the period 2012-2015. Inclusion criteria were: subjects of both sex aged ≥40 years; diagnosis of COPD according to GOLD guidelines 2014; the availability of a complete clinical record file...
2015: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
Matthew J Martin, Tim W Harrison
A chronic 'productive' or 'wet' cough is a common presenting complaint for patients attending the adult respiratory clinic. Most reviews and guidelines suggest that the causes of a productive cough are the same as those of a non-productive cough and as such the same diagnostic pathway should be followed. We suggest a different diagnostic approach for patients with a productive cough, focussing on the conditions that are the most likely causes of this problem. This review is intended to briefly summarise the epidemiology, clinical features, pathophysiology and treatment of a number of conditions which are often associated with chronic productive cough to aid decision making when encountering a patient with this often distressing symptom...
September 2015: Respiratory Medicine
Emma J Welsh, David J Evans, Stephen J Fowler, Sally Spencer
BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis is a chronic respiratory disease characterised by abnormal dilatation of the bronchi, and presents typically with a chronic productive cough (or chronic wet cough in children) and recurrent infective exacerbations. It significantly impacts daily activities and quality of life, and can lead to recurrent hospitalisations, severe lung function impairment, respiratory failure and even death. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the efficacy and safety of interventions for adults and children with bronchiectasis from Cochrane reviews...
July 14, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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