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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658839/comparison-of-emergency-cholecystectomy-with-delayed-cholecystectomy-after-percutaneous-transhepatic-gallbladder-drainage-in-patients-with-moderate-acute-cholecystitis
#1
Chang-Wei Ke, Shuo-Dong Wu
INTRODUCTION: Patients with moderate (grade II) acute cholecystitis patients, as defined by the 2013 Tokyo Guidelines, were retrospectively compared with respect to emergency cholecystectomy (EC) and delayed cholecystectomy (DC) after percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) to determine the better treatment strategy. METHODS: Forty-nine of 103 patients with PTGBD and 47 of 54 patients with EC were assessed for eligibility from January 2013 to January 2017...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580879/evaluating-the-relevance-of-the-2013-tokyo-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-cholecystitis
#2
Bellal Joseph, Faisal Jehan, Michael Dacey, Narong Kulvatunyou, Muhammad Khan, Muhammad Zeeshan, Lynn Gries, Terence O'Keeffe, Taylor S Riall
BACKGROUND: The Tokyo Guidelines (TG13) is used to diagnose, grade severity, and guide management of acute cholecystitis (AC). Aim of our study was to verify the diagnostic criteria, severity assessment, and management protocols based on TG13. STUDY DESIGN: Our prospectively maintained Emergency General Surgery registry was utilized to review patients who had a surgical consultation for RUQ pain (2013-2015). Diagnosis and severity were graded based on TG13 and compared with pathology report...
March 23, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559143/treatment-of-cryptosporidiosis-in-captive-green-iguanas-iguana-iguana
#3
Remigiusz Gałęcki, Rajmund Sokół
There are no standard guidelines for the treatment of cryptosporidiosis in reptiles. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of two cryptosporidiosis therapies in captive green iguanas. Eight green iguanas aged 2-6 years, including 6 (1 ♂ and 5 ♀) animals with chronic diarrhea, received treatment for cryptosporidiosis. The presence of Cryptosporidium sp. oocysts was determined in 8 iguanas (100%), Isospora sp. oocysts were detected in 3 animals (37.5%), and Oxyuridae eggs were observed in 5 iguanas (62...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536057/index-admission-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-for-acute-cholecystitis-restores-gastrointestinal-quality-of-life-index-giqli-score
#4
Hongyan Yu, Esther Ern-Hwei Chan, Pravin Lingam, Jingwen Lee, Winston Wei Liang Woon, Jee Keem Low, Vishal G Shelat
Backgrounds/Aims: Previous studies have evaluated quality of life (QoL) in patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for cholelithiasis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate QoL after index admission LC in patients diagnosed with acute cholecystitis (AC) using the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI) questionnaire. Methods: Patients ≥21 years admitted to Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore for AC and who underwent index admission LC between February 2015 and January 2016 were evaluated using the GIQLI questionnaire preoperatively and 30 days postoperatively...
February 2018: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523984/acute-cholecystitis-comparing-clinical-outcomes-with-tg13-severity-and-intended-laparoscopic-versus-open-cholecystectomy-in-difficult-operative-cases
#5
Justin Gerard, Minh B Luu, Jennifer Poirier, Daniel J Deziel
INTRODUCTION: The revised Tokyo Guidelines include criteria for determining the severity of acute cholecystitis with treatment algorithms based on severity. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of the revised Tokyo Guidelines severity grade to clinical outcomes of cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. METHODS: We identified 66 patients with acute cholecystitis from a prior study of difficult cholecystectomy cases. We examined the relationship between severity grade and multiple variables related to perioperative and postoperative outcomes...
March 9, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511408/worsening-of-acute-cholangitis-caused-by-a-bile-duct-stone-after-hospitalization-a-case-series
#6
Tetsuro Akashi, Yuichi Tachibana, Susumu Matsuo, Junya Gibo
Acute cholangitis is a fatal condition if inadequately treated. It is possible to underestimate the severity of the condition because bacterial cultures are not immediately available. We evaluated the clinical features of patients with cholangitis due to bile duct stones who were diagnosed with severe bacteremia at the time of hospitalization, but not at the time of the initial visit. We conducted a retrospective analysis of cases of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography performed between January 2007 and October 2011 in patients with bile duct stones complicated by cholangitis...
February 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497322/early-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-is-more-cost-effective-than-delayed-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-the-treatment-of-acute-cholecystitis
#7
Doa'a Kerwat, Alexander Zargaran, Reshma Bharamgoudar, Nadia Arif, Grace Bello, Bharat Sharma, Rajab Kerwat
Background: This economic evaluation quantifies the cost-effectiveness of early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (ELC) versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy (DLC) in the management of acute cholecystitis. The two interventions were assessed in terms of outcome measures, including utilities, to derive quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) as a unit of effectiveness. This study hypothesizes that ELC is more cost-effective than DLC. Materials and methods: In this economic evaluation, existing literature was compiled and analyzed to estimate the incremental cost-effectiveness of ELC versus DLC...
2018: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404731/meta-analysis-of-outcomes-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-gallbladder-drainage-versus-percutaneous-cholecystostomy-for-the-management-of-acute-cholecystitis
#8
REVIEW
Ola Ahmed, Ailin C Rogers, Jarlath C Bolger, Achille Mastrosimone, Michael J Lee, Aoife N Keeling, Daniel Cheriyan, William B Robb
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage is a novel method of treating acute cholecystitis in patients deemed too high risk for surgery. It involves endoscopic stent placement between the gallbladder and the alimentary tract to internally drain the infection and is an alternative to percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC). This meta-analysis assesses the clinical outcomes of high-risk patients undergoing endoscopic drainage with an acute cholecystoenterostomy (ACE) compared with PC in acute cholecystitis...
February 5, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362325/-early-surgery-for-acute-cholecystitis-complicated-with-gallbladder-cancer
#9
Taichi Tamura, Takuro Yoshikawa, Shinichi So, Tetsuo Maeda, Tomoyuki Wakahara, Kiyonori Kanemitsu, Shinobu Tsuchida, Nozomi Ueno, Akihiro Toyokawa
The present study involved 6 patients who had urgent surgery for acute cholecystitis(AC)complicated with gallbladder cancer(GBC)in our hospital from January 2014 to December 2016. We analyzed the clinical outcome of early surgery for AC complicated with GBC. According to Tokyo Guidelines 2013, the AC severity was classified as Mild 1 case, Moderate 5 cases. Only one patient was diagnosed with GBC before the operation for AC. The others were during or after the laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Histopathologically, all patients had Stage II disease or greater...
January 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334699/tokyo-guidelines-2018-updated-tokyo-guidelines-for-the-management-of-acute-cholangitis-acute-cholecystitis
#10
EDITORIAL
Tadahiro Takada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325783/validation-of-the-aast-egs-acute-cholecystitis-grade-and-comparison-with-the-tokyo-guidelines
#11
Matthew Hernandez, Brittany Murphy, Johnathan M Aho, Nadeem N Haddad, Humza Saleem, Muhammad Zeb, David S Morris, Donald H Jenkins, Martin Zielinski
BACKGROUND: Acute cholecystitis presents with heterogeneous severity. The Tokyo Guidelines 2013 is a validated method to assess cholecystitis severity, but the variables are multifactorial. The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) developed an anatomically based severity grading system for surgical diseases, including cholecystitis. Because the Tokyo Guidelines represent the gold standard to estimate acute cholecystitis severity, we wished to validate the AAST emergency general surgery scoring system and compare the performance of both systems for several patient outcomes...
April 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303882/inflammation-based-prognostic-scores-predict-disease-severity-in-patients-with-acute-cholecystitis
#12
Noriko Sato, Akiyoshi Kinoshita, Nami Imai, Takafumi Akasu, Takeharu Yokota, Akira Iwaku, Kazuhiko Koike, Masayuki Saruta
BACKGROUND: Although several investigators have reported that inflammation-based prognostic scores can predict disease severity in patients with various inflammatory diseases, whether or not these scores are associated with disease severity in patients with acute cholecystitis (AC) has not yet been fully clarified. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred and sixty-two patients with AC were reviewed retrospectively. We evaluated the correlations between demographic or clinical variables, including the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), the Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS), the modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS), and the C-reactive protein/albumin (CRP/Alb) ratio, as well as the disease severity grade on the basis of the revised Tokyo guidelines...
April 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212485/outcome-comparison-between-percutaneous-cholecystostomy-and-cholecystectomy-a-10-year-population-based-analysis
#13
Ping Lu, Chien-Lung Chan, Nan-Ping Yang, Nien-Tzu Chang, Kai-Biao Lin, K Robert Lai
BACKGROUND: Controversy surrounding the role of percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) is fed by the absence of large amounts of data concerning its outcomes, and many authors have maintained that there is no evidence to support a recommendation for PC rather than cholecystectomy (CCS) in elderly or critically ill patients with acute cholecystitis (AC). METHODS: We conducted this study by tracking trends in the utilization and outcomes of PC and CCS using longitudinal health research data in Taiwan...
December 7, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183352/risk-factors-for-difficulty-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-grade-ii-acute-cholecystitis-according-to-the-tokyo-guidelines-2013
#14
Koetsu Inoue, Tatsuya Ueno, Daisuke Douchi, Kentaro Shima, Shinji Goto, Michinaga Takahashi, Takanori Morikawa, Takeshi Naitoh, Chikashi Shibata, Hiroo Naito
BACKGROUND: The Tokyo Guidelines 2013 classifies acute cholecystitis (AC) into three grades and recommends appropriate therapy for each grade. For grade II AC, either early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) or percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) should be performed. This study aimed to identify the risk factors for difficulty of LC for treating grade II AC. METHODS: Totally, 122 patients who underwent LC for grade II AC were enrolled and divided into difficult LC (DLC) and nondifficult LC (NDLC) groups...
November 28, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095575/tokyo-guidelines-2018-surgical-management-of-acute-cholecystitis-safe-steps-in-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-for-acute-cholecystitis-with-videos
#15
LETTER
Go Wakabayashi, Yukio Iwashita, Taizo Hibi, Tadahiro Takada, Steven M Strasberg, Horacio J Asbun, Itaru Endo, Akiko Umezawa, Koji Asai, Kenji Suzuki, Yasuhisa Mori, Kohji Okamoto, Henry A Pitt, Ho-Seong Han, Tsann-Long Hwang, Yoo-Seok Yoon, Dong-Sup Yoon, In-Seok Choi, Wayne Shih-Wei Huang, Mariano Eduardo Giménez, O James Garden, Dirk J Gouma, Giulio Belli, Christos Dervenis, Palepu Jagannath, Angus C W Chan, Wan Yee Lau, Keng-Hao Liu, Cheng-Hsi Su, Takeyuki Misawa, Masafumi Nakamura, Akihiko Horiguchi, Nobumi Tagaya, Shuichi Fujioka, Ryota Higuchi, Satoru Shikata, Yoshinori Noguchi, Tomohiko Ukai, Masamichi Yokoe, Daniel Cherqui, Goro Honda, Atsushi Sugioka, Eduardo de Santibañes, Avinash Nivritti Supe, Hiromi Tokumura, Taizo Kimura, Masahiro Yoshida, Toshihiko Mayumi, Seigo Kitano, Masafumi Inomata, Koichi Hirata, Yoshinobu Sumiyama, Kazuo Inui, Masakazu Yamamoto
In some cases, laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) may be difficult to perform in patients with acute cholecystitis (AC) with severe inflammation and fibrosis. The Tokyo Guidelines 2018 (TG18) expand the indications for LC under difficult conditions for each level of severity of AC. As a result of expanding the indications for LC to treat AC, it is absolutely necessary to avoid any increase in bile duct injury (BDI), particularly vasculo-biliary injury (VBI), which is known to occur at a certain rate in LC. Since the Tokyo Guidelines 2013 (TG13), an attempt has been made to assess intraoperative findings as objective indicators of surgical difficulty; based on expert consensus on these difficulty indicators, bail-out procedures (including conversion to open cholecystectomy) have been indicated for cases in which LC for AC is difficult to perform...
January 2018: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090868/tokyo-guidelines-2018-management-bundles-for-acute-cholangitis-and-cholecystitis
#16
LETTER
Toshihiko Mayumi, Kohji Okamoto, Tadahiro Takada, Steven M Strasberg, Joseph S Solomkin, David Schlossberg, Henry A Pitt, Masahiro Yoshida, Harumi Gomi, Fumihiko Miura, O James Garden, Seiki Kiriyama, Masamichi Yokoe, Itaru Endo, Horacio J Asbun, Yukio Iwashita, Taizo Hibi, Akiko Umezawa, Kenji Suzuki, Takao Itoi, Jiro Hata, Ho-Seong Han, Tsann-Long Hwang, Christos Dervenis, Koji Asai, Yasuhisa Mori, Wayne Shih-Wei Huang, Giulio Belli, Shuntaro Mukai, Palepu Jagannath, Daniel Cherqui, Kazuto Kozaka, Todd H Baron, Eduardo de Santibañes, Ryota Higuchi, Keita Wada, Dirk J Gouma, Daniel J Deziel, Kui-Hin Liau, Go Wakabayashi, Robert Padbury, Eduard Jonas, Avinash Nivritti Supe, Harjit Singh, Toshifumi Gabata, Angus C W Chan, Wan Yee Lau, Sheung Tat Fan, Miin-Fu Chen, Chen-Guo Ker, Yoo-Seok Yoon, In-Seok Choi, Myung-Hwan Kim, Dong-Sup Yoon, Seigo Kitano, Masafumi Inomata, Koichi Hirata, Kazuo Inui, Yoshinobu Sumiyama, Masakazu Yamamoto
Management bundles that define items or procedures strongly recommended in clinical practice have been used in many guidelines in recent years. Application of these bundles facilitates the adaptation of guidelines and helps improve the prognosis of target diseases. In Tokyo Guidelines 2013 (TG13), we proposed management bundles for acute cholangitis and cholecystitis. Here, in Tokyo Guidelines 2018 (TG18), we redefine the management bundles for acute cholangitis and cholecystitis. Critical parts of the bundles in TG18 include the diagnostic process, severity assessment, transfer of patients if necessary, and therapeutic approach at each time point...
January 2018: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090866/tokyo-guidelines-2018-antimicrobial-therapy-for-acute-cholangitis-and-cholecystitis
#17
LETTER
Harumi Gomi, Joseph S Solomkin, David Schlossberg, Kohji Okamoto, Tadahiro Takada, Steven M Strasberg, Tomohiko Ukai, Itaru Endo, Yukio Iwashita, Taizo Hibi, Henry A Pitt, Naohisa Matsunaga, Yoriyuki Takamori, Akiko Umezawa, Koji Asai, Kenji Suzuki, Ho-Seong Han, Tsann-Long Hwang, Yasuhisa Mori, Yoo-Seok Yoon, Wayne Shih-Wei Huang, Giulio Belli, Christos Dervenis, Masamichi Yokoe, Seiki Kiriyama, Takao Itoi, Palepu Jagannath, O James Garden, Fumihiko Miura, Eduardo de Santibañes, Satoru Shikata, Yoshinori Noguchi, Keita Wada, Goro Honda, Avinash Nivritti Supe, Masahiro Yoshida, Toshihiko Mayumi, Dirk J Gouma, Daniel J Deziel, Kui-Hin Liau, Miin-Fu Chen, Keng-Hao Liu, Cheng-Hsi Su, Angus C W Chan, Dong-Sup Yoon, In-Seok Choi, Eduard Jonas, Xiao-Ping Chen, Sheung Tat Fan, Chen-Guo Ker, Mariano Eduardo Giménez, Seigo Kitano, Masafumi Inomata, Shuntaro Mukai, Ryota Higuchi, Koichi Hirata, Kazuo Inui, Yoshinobu Sumiyama, Masakazu Yamamoto
Antimicrobial therapy is a mainstay of the management for patients with acute cholangitis and/or cholecystitis. The Tokyo Guidelines 2018 (TG18) provides recommendations for the appropriate use of antimicrobials for community-acquired and healthcare-associated infections. The listed agents are for empirical therapy provided before the infecting isolates are identified. Antimicrobial agents are listed by class-definitions and TG18 severity grade I, II, and III subcategorized by clinical settings. In the era of emerging and increasing antimicrobial resistance, monitoring and updating local antibiograms is underscored...
January 2018: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045062/tokyo-guidelines-2018-flowchart-for-the-management-of-acute-cholecystitis
#18
LETTER
Kohji Okamoto, Kenji Suzuki, Tadahiro Takada, Steven M Strasberg, Horacio J Asbun, Itaru Endo, Yukio Iwashita, Taizo Hibi, Henry A Pitt, Akiko Umezawa, Koji Asai, Ho-Seong Han, Tsann-Long Hwang, Yasuhisa Mori, Yoo-Seok Yoon, Wayne Shih-Wei Huang, Giulio Belli, Christos Dervenis, Masamichi Yokoe, Seiki Kiriyama, Takao Itoi, Palepu Jagannath, O James Garden, Fumihiko Miura, Masafumi Nakamura, Akihiko Horiguchi, Go Wakabayashi, Daniel Cherqui, Eduardo de Santibañes, Satoru Shikata, Yoshinori Noguchi, Tomohiko Ukai, Ryota Higuchi, Keita Wada, Goro Honda, Avinash Nivritti Supe, Masahiro Yoshida, Toshihiko Mayumi, Dirk J Gouma, Daniel J Deziel, Kui-Hin Liau, Miin-Fu Chen, Kazunori Shibao, Keng-Hao Liu, Cheng-Hsi Su, Angus C W Chan, Dong-Sup Yoon, In-Seok Choi, Eduard Jonas, Xiao-Ping Chen, Sheung Tat Fan, Chen-Guo Ker, Mariano Eduardo Giménez, Seigo Kitano, Masafumi Inomata, Koichi Hirata, Kazuo Inui, Yoshinobu Sumiyama, Masakazu Yamamoto
We propose a new flowchart for the treatment of acute cholecystitis (AC) in the Tokyo Guidelines 2018 (TG18). Grade III AC was not indicated for straightforward laparoscopic cholecystectomy (Lap-C). Following analysis of subsequent clinical investigations and drawing on Big Data in particular, TG18 proposes that some Grade III AC can be treated by Lap-C when performed at advanced centers with specialized surgeons experienced in this procedure and for patients that satisfy certain strict criteria. For Grade I, TG18 recommends early Lap-C if the patients meet the criteria of Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) ≤5 and American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification (ASA-PS) ≤2...
January 2018: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042700/preoperative-risk-factors-for-conversion-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-to-open-cholecystectomy-and-the-usefulness-of-the-2013-tokyo-guidelines
#19
Masashi Utsumi, Hideki Aoki, Tomoyoshi Kunitomo, Yutaka Mushiake, Isao Yasuhara, Fumitaka Taniguchi, Takashi Arata, Koh Katsuda, Kohji Tanakaya, Hitoshi Takeuchi
To identify predictive factors for conversion from laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) to open cholecystectomy performed for mixed indications as an acute or elective procedure. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 236 consecutive cases of LC performed in our department between January 2012 and January 2015, and evaluated preoperative risk factors for conversion and the usefulness of the 2013 Tokyo guidelines (TG2013) for diagnosing acute cholecystitis. The conversion rate in our series was 8% (19/236 cases)...
October 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032636/tokyo-guidelines-2018-diagnostic-criteria-and-severity-grading-of-acute-cholecystitis-with-videos
#20
LETTER
Masamichi Yokoe, Jiro Hata, Tadahiro Takada, Steven M Strasberg, Horacio J Asbun, Go Wakabayashi, Kazuto Kozaka, Itaru Endo, Daniel J Deziel, Fumihiko Miura, Kohji Okamoto, Tsann-Long Hwang, Wayne Shih-Wei Huang, Chen-Guo Ker, Miin-Fu Chen, Ho-Seong Han, Yoo-Seok Yoon, In-Seok Choi, Dong-Sup Yoon, Yoshinori Noguchi, Satoru Shikata, Tomohiko Ukai, Ryota Higuchi, Toshifumi Gabata, Yasuhisa Mori, Yukio Iwashita, Taizo Hibi, Palepu Jagannath, Eduard Jonas, Kui-Hin Liau, Christos Dervenis, Dirk J Gouma, Daniel Cherqui, Giulio Belli, O James Garden, Mariano Eduardo Giménez, Eduardo de Santibañes, Kenji Suzuki, Akiko Umezawa, Avinash Nivritti Supe, Henry A Pitt, Harjit Singh, Angus C W Chan, Wan Yee Lau, Anthony Yuen Bun Teoh, Goro Honda, Atsushi Sugioka, Koji Asai, Harumi Gomi, Takao Itoi, Seiki Kiriyama, Masahiro Yoshida, Toshihiko Mayumi, Naoki Matsumura, Hiromi Tokumura, Seigo Kitano, Koichi Hirata, Kazuo Inui, Yoshinobu Sumiyama, Masakazu Yamamoto
The Tokyo Guidelines 2013 (TG13) for acute cholangitis and cholecystitis were globally disseminated and various clinical studies about the management of acute cholecystitis were reported by many researchers and clinicians from all over the world. The 1st edition of the Tokyo Guidelines 2007 (TG07) was revised in 2013. According to that revision, the TG13 diagnostic criteria of acute cholecystitis provided better specificity and higher diagnostic accuracy. Thorough our literature search about diagnostic criteria for acute cholecystitis, new and strong evidence that had been released from 2013 to 2017 was not found with serious and important issues about using TG13 diagnostic criteria of acute cholecystitis...
January 2018: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
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