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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506574/the-degree-of-integration-of-non-dispensing-pharmacists-in-primary-care-practice-and-the-impact-on-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Ankie C M Hazen, Antoinette A de Bont, Lia Boelman, Dorien L M Zwart, Johan J de Gier, Niek J de Wit, Marcel L Bouvy
BACKGROUND: A non-dispensing pharmacist conducts clinical pharmacy services aimed at optimizing patients individual pharmacotherapy. Embedding a non-dispensing pharmacist in primary care practice enables collaboration, probably enhancing patient care. The degree of integration of non-dispensing pharmacists into multidisciplinary health care teams varies strongly between settings. The degree of integration may be a determinant for its success. OBJECTIVES: This study investigates how the degree of integration of a non-dispensing pharmacist impacts medication related health outcomes in primary care...
April 22, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506320/costs-associated-with-failure-to-respond-to-treatment-among-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-initiating-tnfi-therapy-a-retrospective-claims-analysis
#2
Michael Grabner, Natalie N Boytsov, Qing Huang, Xiang Zhang, Tingjian Yan, Jeffrey R Curtis
BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) are common second-line treatments for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study was designed to compare the real-world clinical and economic outcomes between patients with RA who responded to TNFi therapy and those who did not. METHODS: For this retrospective cohort analysis we used medical and pharmacy claims from members of 14 large U.S. commercial health plans represented in the HealthCore Integrated Research Database...
May 15, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497135/unscrambling-micro-solvation-of-cooh-and-nh-groups-in-neat-dimethyl-sulfoxide-insights-from-1-h-nmr-spectroscopy-and-computational-studies
#3
Panteleimon G Takis, Konstantinos D Papavasileiou, Loukas D Peristeras, Georgios C Boulougouris, Vasilios S Melissas, Anastassios N Troganis
Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) has a significant, multi-faceted role in medicine, pharmacy, and biology as well as in biophysical chemistry and catalysis. Its physical properties and impact on biomolecular structures still attract major scientific interest, especially the interactions of DMSO with biomolecular functional groups. In the present study, we shed light on the "isolated" carboxylic (-COOH) and amide (-NH) interactions in neat DMSO via(1)H NMR studies along with extensive theoretical approaches, i.e. molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, density functional theory (DFT), and ab initio calculations, applied on model compounds (i...
May 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468023/islamic-civilization-in-spain-a-magnificient-example-of-interaction-and-unity-of-religion-and-science
#4
Safvet Halilović
Islam and its followers had created a civilization that played very important role on the world stage for more than a thousand years. One of the most important specific qualities of the Islamic civilization is that it is a well-balanced civilization that brought together science and faith, struck a balance between spirit and matter and did not separate this world from the Hereafter. This is what distinguishes the Islamic civilization from other civilizations which attach primary importance to the material aspect of life, physical needs and human instincts, and attach greater attention to this world by striving to instantly satisfy desires of the flesh, without finding a proper place for God and the Hereafter in their philosophies and education systems...
April 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465778/the-challenge-of-managing-psoriasis-unmet-medical-needs-and-stakeholder-perspectives
#5
REVIEW
Steven R Feldman, Bernard Goffe, Gary Rice, Matthew Mitchell, Mandeep Kaur, Debbie Robertson, Debra Sierka, Jeffrey A Bourret, Tamara S Evans, Alice Gottlieb
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a debilitating chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease affecting approximately 7.4 million adults in the United States. Plaque psoriasis is the most common form, affecting 80% to 90% of patients. OBJECTIVES: To describe the impact and challenges that psoriasis presents for various stakeholders, and to provide nondermatologist healthcare decision makers with information to enhance their contributions to drug and pharmacy benefit design discussions...
December 2016: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455195/a-nationwide-study-of-the-extent-and-factors-associated-with-fentanyl-use-in-australia
#6
Natasa Gisev, Briony Larance, Elena Cama, Suzanne Nielsen, Amanda Roxburgh, Raimondo Bruno, Louisa Degenhardt
OBJECTIVE: To examine fentanyl utilisation in the Australian community and determine the geographic and socio-demographic factors associated with higher rates of fentanyl utilisation. METHODS: National sales data (supplied by IMS Health) were used to estimate fentanyl utilisation (in pack sales and milligrams) in Australia during 2013, mapped to Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Statistical Local Areas (SLAs) and Remoteness Areas. Socio-demographic characteristics and total population estimates of SLAs were obtained from the ABS...
April 15, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434466/cost-effectiveness-of-acupuncture-in-an-employee-population-a-retrospective-analysis
#7
Bijan J Borah, James M Naessens, Amy E Glasgow, Brent A Bauer, Tony Y Chon
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether acupuncture is a cost-effective adjunct to usual care for Mayo Clinic employees and their dependents experiencing pain symptoms. DESIGN: Retrospective review of the medical and billing records of 466 employee-patients and their dependents who had received acupuncture as part of their care and 466 propensity score-matched control patients. INTERVENTIONS: Usual care in combination with acupuncture compared with usual care alone...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430013/barriers-to-access-to-sterile-syringes-as-perceived-by-pharmacists-and-injecting-drug-users-implications-for-harm-reduction-in-lebanon
#8
Ali Ghaddar, Karine Nassar, Ghadier Elsoury
BACKGROUND: Access to sterile syringes to injecting drug users (IDU) reduces sharing behavior and prevents the transmission of HIV. OBJECTIVES: To describe the barriers to access to sterile syringes for IDUs in Lebanon from the perspectives of pharmacists and IDUs. METHODS: in this qualitative study conducted in Lebanon, data were collected from 72 syringe purchase tests at pharmacies, 64 interviewees with pharmacists and 2 focus groups with injecting drug users...
April 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400250/assessment-of-self-care-and-medication-adherence-in-individuals-with-mental-health-conditions
#9
Lisa J Bible, Kristin A Casper, Jennifer L Seifert, Kyle A Porter
OBJECTIVES: This descriptive study explored whether patients with mental health conditions engage in personal medicine (self-care activities) as part of their treatment regimen. Personal medicine is patient-identified and -initiated activities of self-care that can improve mental health through various means, including physical activity, social engagement, and spiritual connectedness. The purpose of this study was to explore patient engagement in personal medicine within an underserved population and to evaluate the impact self-care might have on self-reported medication use and adherence and patient perception of mental health control...
April 8, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399716/the-lgbtqi-health-forum-an-innovative-interprofessional-initiative-to-support-curriculum-reform
#10
Hannan M Braun, David Ramirez, Greg J Zahner, Eva Mae Gillis-Buck, Heather Sheriff, Marcus Ferrone
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and intersex (LGBTQI) individuals continue to face barriers to accessing appropriate and comprehensive healthcare. Compounding this problem, healthcare trainees report few training opportunities and low levels of preparedness to care for LGBTQI patients. In 2009, an interprofessional group of students and a faculty advisor at the University of California, San Francisco, developed a novel student-organized LGBTQI Health Forum for medical, dental, pharmacy, nursing, and physical therapy students to deliver LGBTQI health content that was otherwise absent from the formal curriculum...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393317/impact-of-an-electronic-monitoring-device-and-behavioral-feedback-on-adherence-to-multiple-sclerosis-therapies-in-youth-results-of-a-randomized-trial
#11
E Ann Yeh, Stephanie A Grover, Victoria E Powell, Gulay Alper, Brenda L Banwell, Kim Edwards, Mark Gorman, Jennifer Graves, Timothy E Lotze, Jean K Mah, Lauren Mednick, Jayne Ness, Maya Obadia, Ruth Slater, Amy Waldman, Emmanuelle Waubant, Carolyn E Schwartz
PURPOSE: To report the results of a randomized controlled trial using an electronic monitoring device (EM) plus a motivational interviewing (MI) intervention to enhance adherence to disease-modifying therapies (DMT) in pediatric MS. METHODS: Fifty-two youth with MS (16.03 ± 2.2 years) were randomized to receive either MI (n = 25) (target intervention) or a MS medication video (n = 27) (attention control). Primary endpoint was change in adherence. Secondary outcomes included changes in quality of life, well-being and self-efficacy...
April 9, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348732/probuphine%C3%A2-buprenorphine-implant-a-promising-candidate-in-opioid-dependence
#12
REVIEW
Preeti Barnwal, Saibal Das, Somnath Mondal, Anand Ramasamy, Tanay Maiti, Arunava Saha
Opioid dependence leads to physical dependence and addiction which finally results in profound medical, psychological and social dysfunction. One of the useful medications for opioid dependence is buprenorphine, the partial opioid agonist, which is used alone or in combination with naloxone. However, buprenorphine is the victim of its own success due to its illicit use and accidental poisoning in children. Also, buprenorphine typically requires daily self-administration and its effectiveness heavily depends on patient adherence...
March 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346002/quality-assessment-of-fluconazole-capsules-and-oral-suspensions-compounded-by-pharmacies-located-in-the-united-states
#13
Carine M Laporte, Crisanta Cruz-Espindola, Kamoltip Thungrat, Anthea E Schick, Thomas P Lewis, Dawn M Boothe
OBJECTIVE To evaluate pharmaceutical characteristics (strength or concentration, accuracy, and precision), physical properties, and bacterial contamination of fluconazole compounded products. SAMPLE Fluconazole compounded products (30- and 240-mg capsules; 30- and 100-mg/mL oral suspensions) from 4 US veterinary compounding pharmacies. PROCEDURES Fluconazole compounded products were ordered 3 times from each of 4 pharmacies at 7- or 10-day intervals. Generic fluconazole products (50- and 200-mg tablets; 10- and 40-mg/mL oral suspensions) served as references...
April 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339975/the-pain-interprofessional-curriculum-design-model
#14
Judy Watt-Watson, Leila Lax, Robyn Davies, Sylvia Langlois, Jon Oskarsson, Lalitha Raman-Wilms
Objective.:  Although the University of Toronto Centre for the Study of Pain has successfully implemented an Interfaculty Pain Curriculum since 2002, we have never formalized the process in a design model. Therefore, our primary aim was to develop a model that provided an overview of dynamic, interrelated elements that have been important in our experience. A secondary purpose was to use the model to frame an interactive workshop for attendees interested in developing their own pain curricula...
March 3, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338242/what-can-community-pharmacy-learn-from-the-experiences-of-transition-to-practice-for-novice-doctors-and-nurses-a-narrative-review
#15
REVIEW
Esnath Magola, Sarah C Willis, Ellen I Schafheutle
OBJECTIVES: In the absence of literature reporting the transition experiences of novice community pharmacists, peer-reviewed evidence on the transition experiences of novice doctors and nurses was identified and reviewed. Specific objectives included identifying the challenges to transition and their perceived impact, before considering the implications for novice community pharmacists. METHODS: The electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and ScienceDirect were searched for full peer-reviewed original research papers published 1990-March 2015, reporting the transition experiences of novice doctors and nurses...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295269/role-and-value-of-clinical-pharmacy-in-heart-failure-management
#16
Wendy Gattis Stough, J Herbert Patterson
Effectively managing heart failure requires a multi-disciplinary, holistic approach attuned to many factors: diagnosis of structural and functional cardiac abnormalities; medication, device, or surgical management; concomitant treatment of comorbidities; physical rehabilitation; dietary considerations; and social factors. This practice paper highlights the pharmacist's role in the management of patients with heart failure, the evidence supporting their functions, and steps to ensure the pharmacist resource is available to the broad population of patients with heart failure...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285064/patient-perceptions-of-a-pharmacy-star-rating-model
#17
Terri L Warholak, Mira Patel, Meagen Rosenthal, Donna West-Strum, Earl B Ettienne, Gail Nunlee-Bland, David Nau, Ana L Hincapie
OBJECTIVES: To identify patients' understanding of what constitutes a "quality pharmacy" and to obtain their feedback regarding the development and use of the pharmacy star rating model, a pharmacy-specific aggregate performance score based on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' Medicare Star Rating. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Focus groups were conducted in Arizona, California, Mississippi, Maryland, and the District of Columbia, and one-on-one interviews were conducted in Indiana...
March 8, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273780/risk-factors-for-non-adherence-to-disease-modifying-therapy-in-pediatric-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Carolyn E Schwartz, Stephanie A Grover, Victoria E Powell, Austin Noguera, Jean K Mah, Soe Mar, Lauren Mednick, Brenda L Banwell, Gulay Alper, Mary Rensel, Mark Gorman, Amy Waldman, Teri Schreiner, Emmanuelle Waubant, E Ann Yeh
BACKGROUND: Adherence to disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) in pediatric multiple sclerosis (MS) is not well understood. We examined the prevalence and risk factors for poor adherence in pediatric MS. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited youth with MS from 12 North American pediatric MS clinics. In addition to pharmacy-refill data, patients and parents completed self-report measures of adherence and quality of life. Additionally, patients completed measures of self-efficacy and well-being...
February 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253905/perceived-stress-and-quality-of-life-of-pharmacy-students-in-university-of-ghana
#19
Adomah Opoku-Acheampong, Irene A Kretchy, Franklin Acheampong, Barima A Afrane, Sharon Ashong, Bernice Tamakloe, Alexander K Nyarko
BACKGROUND: Stress among pharmacy students could greatly affect their learning activities and general well-being. It is therefore necessary to investigate how stress relates with the quality of life of students to maintain and/or improve their personal satisfaction and academic performance. A school-based longitudinal study was used to investigate the relationship between stress and quality of life of undergraduate pharmacy students. The 10-item perceived stress scale and the shorter version of the WHO quality of life scale were administered to the same participants at two time points i...
March 2, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239024/in-practical-training-a-questionnaire-survey-and-analysis-to-pharmacy-students-of-the-utilization-situation-of-the-course-contents-of-pharmacy-school
#20
Masato Okubo, Yuka Takahashi, Jun Yamashita, Hideyo Takahashi, Okiko Miyata, Takaaki Suzuki, Itsuko Ishii
  Pharmacy education comprises basic pharmacy (organic chemistry, biochemistry, and physical chemistry) and applied pharmacy (clinical pharmacy, pharm aceutics, and chemical hygiene). Students are expected to apply these subjects studied in pharmacy school during their practical pharmacy training. However, knowledge gained in university does not appear to be fully utilized in practice. We hypothesized that this is due to a lack of connection between pre-practical training education and actual practical training...
February 24, 2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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