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physical pharmacy

Anan Jarab, Eman Alefishat, Tareq Mukattash, Karem Alzoubi, Sharrel Pinto
Background The quality of life has been shown to be poor in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Furthermore, patients' perspective and attitudes toward COPD and its impact on their quality of life have been remarkably ignored. Objective To explore patients' views and perceptions regarding COPD and its impact on their quality of life. Setting COPD clinic at the Royal Medical Services Hospital, Amman, Jordan. Method Focus groups discussions to explore patients' views and perceptions about COPD were conducted using purposive sampling technique till data saturation achieved...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Darren Svirskis, Sairam Behera, Neera Naidoo, Joanne Beachman, Tarsha Raina, Yongzhi Zhou, Leanne Berkahn, Ian Costello, Yongchuan Gu
Background The EPOCH regimen, consisting of vincristine sulfate, doxorubicin hydrochloride, and etoposide phosphate, is typically administered by continuous infusion over four days to oncology inpatients. If the EPOCH regimen was available to be administered through portable elastomeric pumps, chemotherapy could be transitioned to an outpatient setting, reducing inpatient bed days and overall healthcare costs. However, a lack of stability data for the admixtures in the elastomeric infusion devices currently prevents the transition of the regime to an outpatient setting...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
Bhumika Sudha, Asir John Samuel, Kanimozhi Narkeesh
The aim of the study was to estimate the physical activity (PA) level among the professional college students in North India. One hundred three professional college students in the age group of 18-25 years were recruited by simple random sampling for this cross-sectional online survey. The survey was advertised on the social networking sites (Facebook, WhatsApp) through a link A Short Form of International Physical Activity Questionnaire was used for this survey study. The questionnaire included total 8 questions on the basis of previous 7 days...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Lakhan Kanji, Sensen Xu, Afonso Cavaco
One of the sources of poor health outcomes is the lack of compliance with the prescribed treatment plans, often due to communication barriers between healthcare professionals and patients. Pictograms are a form of communication that conveys meaning through its pictorial resemblance to a physical object or an action. Pharmaceutical pictograms are often associated with a better comprehension of treatment regimens, although their use is still subject to limitations. The main goal of this study was to examine the potential understanding of pharmaceutical pictograms by a cultural minority when providing patient information while comparing the effectiveness of two reference systems (United States Pharmacopeia USP and International Pharmacy Federation FIP) for this purpose...
March 5, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Marita Barrett, Anna Keating, Deirdre Lynch, Geraldine Scanlon, Mary Kigathi, Fidelma Corcoran, Laura J Sahm
Patients receiving clozapine must undergo routine blood monitoring to screen for neutropenia, and to monitor for potential agranulocytosis. In Cork University Hospital, Cork, Ireland, clozapine is dispensed in the hospital pharmacy and the pharmacists are not aware of co-prescribed medicines, potentially impacting upon patient safety. The aim of this study was to examine the continuity of care of patients prescribed clozapine. A retrospective audit was conducted on patients attending the clozapine clinic at Cork University Hospital and assessed patients' (i) independent living, (ii) co-prescribed medicines and (iii) knowledge of their community pharmacists regarding co-prescribed clozapine...
February 26, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Timothy J Bloom
Objective. To determine whether there is a distinctive pattern of StrengthsQuest Signature Themes or leadership domains for Doctor of Pharmacy students compared to students in other health care professional programs. Methods. Students in Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD), Master of Physician Assistant (PA), Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT), and Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) programs at Campbell University completed the online Clifton StrengthsQuest assessment and received their Signature Themes. The frequency of individual themes and the leadership domains into which they are sorted by Gallup was analyzed for each program...
February 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Cora L F Visser, Rashmi A Kusurkar, Gerda Croiset, Olle Ten Cate, Hendrika E Westerveld
PURPOSE: Interprofessional Education (IPE) may depend for its success not only on cognitive gains of learners, but also on affective and motivational benefits. According to Self-Determination Theory (SDT), a major motivation theory, autonomy (feeling of choice), competence (feeling of capability), and relatedness (feeling of belonging) drive motivation in a way that can improve performance. We investigated which elements of IPE in a clinical ward potentially influence students' feelings in these three areas...
February 28, 2018: Medical Teacher
Milad Parpouchi, Akm Moniruzzaman, Stefanie N Rezansoff, Angela Russolillo, Julian M Somers
Background: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has important protective effects related to reduced illicit opioid use, infectious disease transmission, and overdose mortality. Adherence to MMT has not been examined among homeless people. We measured MMT adherence and reported relevant characteristics among homeless adults experiencing mental illness in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Material and methods: Homeless adults living with mental illness who had received MMT prior to the baseline interview of the Vancouver At Home study ( n = 78) were included in analyses...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
Carol Strike, Miroslav Miskovic
BACKGROUND: Needle and syringe program (NSP) service delivery models encompass fixed sites, mobile services, vending machines, pharmacies, peer NSPs, street outreach, and inter-organizational agreements to add NSP services to other programs. For programs seeking to implement or improve mobile services, access to a synthesis of the evidence related to mobile services is beneficial, but lacking. METHODS: We used a scoping study method to search MEDLINE, PSYCHInfo, Embase, Scopus, and Sociological for relevant literature...
February 8, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
Jennifer Z Qin, Clarissa P Diniz, Jenell S Coleman
BACKGROUND: Addressing record high rates of Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) incidence in the United States (U.S.) requires the utilization of effective strategies, such as expedited partner therapy (EPT), to reduce reinfection and further transmission. EPT, which can be given as a prescription or medication, is a strategy to treat the sexual partners of index patients diagnosed with a sexually transmitted infection (STI) without prior medical evaluation of the partners. OBJECTIVE: There are multiple steps in the prescription-EPT cascade and we sought to identify pharmacy-level barriers to implementing prescription-EPT for Ct treatment...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Vítor Falcão de Oliveira, Mariana Fonseca Bittencourt, Ícaro França Navarro Pinto, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel, Giancarlo Lucchetti
BACKGROUND: Despite the growth in the interprofessional literature, there are still few studies that have evaluated the differences among courses and periods in relation to Readiness for Interprofessional Learning. Likewise, the relationship between the influences of contact among students from different professions is still controversial. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether greater contact among students from diverse health courses could be associated with improved Readiness for Interprofessional Learning (RIPLS) at the undergraduate level and to compare the RIPLS among healthcare courses, analyzing differences among courses and periods of their academic training...
February 1, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Kazuyuki Niki, Miho Takemura, Kyosuke Kitagawa, Ruka Shimizu, Yuri Takahashi, Asuka Hatabu, Etsuko Uejima
While the community-based integrated care systems are in the process of being structured currently, more and more community pharmacists want to learn physical assessment skills. However, no large-scale survey focusing on present implementation status and problems of physical assessment by community pharmacists has been conducted yet. Osaka has the 2nd highest number of community pharmacies in Japan now, and the population aged ≥65 years will be expected to become the 3rd highest in 2025. Thus, Osaka can become a national leading model case for community pharmacists' activity in future home medical care...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Linda F McElhiney
With the rise in obesity, more individuals are choosing bariatric surgery as a means to successfully lose weight and resolve co-morbidities. These patients need lifelong support from friends, family, and healthcare providers. Pharmacists need to be knowledgeable of the unique needs of these patients in order to provide information and recommendations on drug therapies and supplements. When a patient is wheeled out of the operating room following bariatric surgery, his or her life instantly changes. Like an infant, the patient has to slowly learn how to eat and drink again...
January 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
Manabu Akazawa, Akiko Mikami, Yuri Tamura, Natsuyo Yanagi, Shinichi Yamamura, Hiroyasu Ogata
Background: In Japan, an increasing number of patients are prescribed a large amount of long-term medications by large hospitals that are then dispensed by a community pharmacy. This practice often leads to considerable wastage of medicine. As part of their professional role, community pharmacists are expected to contribute more to the appropriate use of medication by patients. Using a prospective cohort, we aimed to evaluate pharmacists' role in the community. Methods: We created a patient registry system for community pharmacies to monitor long-term medication use by patients with chronic conditions...
January 25, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Ramona Shayegani, Kangwon Song, Megan E Amuan, Carlos A Jaramillo, Blessen C Eapen, Mary Jo Pugh
BACKGROUND: Although concern exists regarding the adverse effects and rate of zolpidem use, especially long-term use, limited information is available concerning patterns of zolpidem use. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and correlates of zolpidem exposure in Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans (IAVs). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of zolpidem prescriptions was performed with National Veterans Health Administration (VHA) data. We gathered national VA inpatient, outpatient, and pharmacy data files for IAV's who received VA care between fiscal years (FY) 2013 and 2014...
2018: PloS One
Kevin S McCann, Shawndra Barker, Raymond Cousins, Adam Franks, Clinton McDaniel, Stephen Petrany, Eric Riley
INTRODUCTION: The use of opioid medication for nonmalignant chronic pain (NMCP) increased dramatically during the last 20 years. There have been regulatory changes implemented to reduce the risk of harm to both patients and society. Much of the burden of monitoring these patients is falling on primary care physicians (PCPs), who do not have the time or resources to handle what is entailed in a best-practice approach to NMCP. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted with all patients on opioid medication for NMCP who were enrolled onto an individual PCP's practice...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Fay Bradley, Darren M Ashcroft, Nick Crossley
Despite a mutual interest in optimising the benefits of medication for patients, the general practitioner (GP) and community pharmacist (CP) often work in isolation from one another, both physically and figuratively. Sources of tension include pharmacy's 'shopkeeper' image, traditional medical hierarchies and potential encroachment on professional boundaries. This article examines GP and CP perceptions of their interactions and negotiations and, drawing on the works of Stein and Goffman, identifies a set of 'unwritten' rules, termed the 'GP-pharmacist game', which involves the concept of 'face-work'...
January 12, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
Maria L Caraballo, Seda Donmez, Kobi Nathan, Fang Zhao
Objective: There is limited information on compounded apixaban formulations for administration via enteral feeding tubes. This study was designed to identify a suitable apixaban suspension formulation that is easy to prepare in a pharmacy setting, is compatible with commonly used feeding tubes, and has a beyond-use date of 7 days. Methods: Apixaban suspensions were prepared from commercially available 5-mg Eliquis tablets. Several vehicles and compounding methods were screened for ease of preparation, dosage accuracy, and tube compatibility...
July 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
José Coelho Neto, Renata F P Faraco, Cíntia F Alves, Stela M M Castro, Yuri Machado
MDMA and sildenafil are two examples among many substances consumed in "raves", as well as in other types of "recreative" social events nowadays. During the first six months of 2017, five cases of supposedly MDMA tablets seized by local law enforcement forces in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, and brought to our forensic laboratory for examination, attracted our attention among dozens of others, as the tablets apprehended in these cases were, in fact, colorfully painted versions of genuine, pentagon-shaped, sildenafil tablets, freely available for sale in local pharmacies and drugstores...
December 20, 2017: Forensic Science International
Johannes Wohlrab, Julia Michael
BACKGROUND: The sulfone dapsone has an established role in systemic therapy. Its pharmacological and toxicological properties are well known. Topically, dapsone is used in a gel formulation for the treatment of acne vulgaris. In addition, there have been individual case reports on the efficacy of topical dapsone preparations in the treatment of various neutrophilic dermatoses. To date, no finished medicinal product for topical use has been available in Germany. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Against this background, we set out to develop extemporaneous preparations containing dapsone (5 %) that meet the quality requirements of the European Pharmacopoeia as well as the manufacturing requirements of the German Ordinance on the Operation of Pharmacies (ApBetrO)...
December 27, 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
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