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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716614/evaluation-of-a-pain-assessment-procedure-in-long-term-care-residents-with-pain-and-dementia
#1
Janine van Kooten, Martin Smalbrugge, Johannes C van der Wouden, Max L Stek, Cees M P M Hertogh
BACKGROUND: The management of pain in long-term care residents with dementia is complex. A prospective exploratory study was conducted to describe the course of pain and pain management strategies following a guideline-based pain assessment procedure in long-term care (LTC) residents with pain and dementia. MEASURES: Pain observations with the MOBID-2 Pain Scale, review of the medical records and pharmacy files and physical examination of LTC residents with pain and dementia...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705689/physical-after-effects-in-men-undergoing-prostate-biopsy-in-routine-clinical-practice-results-from-the-picture-study
#2
Eileen Morgan, Frances J Drummond, Catherine Coyle, Linda Sharp, Anna T Gavin
BACKGROUND: As the incidence of prostate cancer has, until recently, increased in most developed countries, the rates of prostate biopsies, required for histological diagnosis, will also have increased. Little is known about the physical after-effects of prostate biopsy outside randomised control trials. We investigate reports on the physical effect of prostate biopsy undertaken in men in routine practice. METHODS: A self-completed questionnaire was given to men living in the Republic of Ireland (RoI) or Northern Ireland 4 to 6 weeks after prostate biopsy...
July 10, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687987/evaluation-of-the-crystallization-tendency-of-commercially-available-amorphous-tacrolimus-formulations-exposed-to-different-stress-conditions
#3
Niraj S Trasi, Hitesh S Purohit, Lynne S Taylor
PURPOSE: Tacrolimus, an immunosuppressant, is a poorly water soluble compound whereby the commercially available capsule formulations contain the drug in amorphous form. The goal of this study was to evaluate the robustness of the innovator product and five generic formulations to crystallization following storage at stress conditions. METHODS: Products were purchased from a pharmacy and stored at 40°C/75% relative humidity (RH), open dish conditions. Crystallinity was determined using X-ray diffraction...
July 7, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655304/assessment-of-client-satisfaction-on-emergency-department-services-in-hawassa-university-referral-hospital-hawassa-southern-ethiopia
#4
Mesfin Worku, Eskindir Loha
BACKGROUND: Satisfaction refers to a state of pleasure or contentment with an action, event or service, especially one that was previously desired. Regarding to client, satisfaction is the level of happiness that clients experience having used a service. It therefore reflects the gap between the expected service and the experience of the service, from the client's point of view. Information was unavailable regarding the level of satisfaction of patients towards emergency health care servicesat Hawassa University Referral Hospital thatserve a huge catchment area; and this study addressed this gap...
June 27, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647879/disposal-of-household-pharmaceuticals-in-insular-communities-social-attitude-behaviour-evaluation-and-prevention-activities
#5
Antonis A Zorpas, Maria Dimitriou, Irene Voukkali
The increase in medicine and drug consumption have resulted in identifying these emerging pollutants in all aquatic compartments, ranging from surface water and groundwater resources to the marine environment. Pharmaceuticals are an indispensable part of life today. A large number of pharmaceuticals are used in a daily basis in the treatment, prevention, cure or diagnosis of diseases or to otherwise enhance people's physical or mental well-being. This paper focuses on the evaluation of the attitude of citizens in Cyprus regarding the disposal of pharmaceuticals as well as to identify the main reasons why pharmaceutical wastes are produced...
June 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627110/patient-preferences-for-healthcare-delivery-through-community-pharmacy-settings-in-the-usa-a-discrete-choice-study
#6
M Feehan, M Walsh, J Godin, D Sundwall, M A Munger
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: In order to improve public health, it is necessary to facilitate patients' easy access to affordable high-quality primary health care, and one enhanced approach to do so may be to provide primary healthcare services in the community pharmacy setting. Discrete choice experiments to evaluate patient demand for services in pharmacy are relatively limited and have been hampered by a focus on only a few service alternatives, most focusing on changes in more traditional pharmacy services...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588941/physicochemical-equivalence-of-generic-antihypertensive-medicines-equimeds-protocol-for-a-quality-of-medicines-assessment
#7
Julie Redfern, Rufus Adesoji Adedoyin, Sandra Ofori, Raghupathy Anchala, Vamadevan S Ajay, Luciano De Andrade, Jose Zelaya, Harparkash Kaur, Dina Balabanova, Mahmoud U Sani
BACKGROUND: Prevention and optimal management of hypertension in the general population is paramount to the achievement of the World Heart Federation (WHF) goal of reducing premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality by 25% by the year 2025 and widespread access to good quality antihypertensive medicines is a critical component for achieving the goal. Despite research and evidence relating to other medicines such as antimalarials and antibiotics, there is very little known about the quality of generic antihypertensive medicines in low-income and middle-income countries...
August 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583302/implementation-of-a-mental-health-medication-management-intervention-in-australian-community-pharmacies-facilitators-and-challenges
#8
H Laetitia Hattingh, Fiona Kelly, Jane Fowler, Amanda J Wheeler
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacists are in an ideal position to promote and provide mental health medication management services. However, formalised or structured pharmacy services to support consumers with mental health conditions are scarce. Australian mental health consumers indicated a need for targeted community pharmacy mental health services which presented an opportunity to develop an intervention that were integrated with remunerated professional services. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to pilot a mental health medication management intervention in Australian community pharmacies...
May 29, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559706/flap-surgical-techniques-for-incisional-hernia-recurrences-a-swine-experimental-model
#9
Florina Popa, Filip Ardelean, Cosmin Pestean, Robert Purdoiu, Oana Rosca, Alexandru Georgescu
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In the age of synthetic prostheses most of hernia studies include a careful examination of the various types of prosthesis, their characteristics and their repair indications. Biological prostheses are also beginning to draw attention. But in terms of recurrence especially for poor or developing countries, the discussion is different, due to their high cost which makes them difficult to afford. In this article we present new flap reconstruction techniques for the reconstruction of the abdominal wall versus mesh repair, applied on swine models, outline the results of each technique, and specify the indications for their use...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557515/connected-care-improving-outcomes-for-adults-with-serious-mental-illness
#10
James M Schuster, Suzanne M Kinsky, Jung Y Kim, Jane N Kogan, Allison Hamblin, Cara Nikolajski, John Lovelace
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of Connected Care-a care coordination effort of physical and behavioral health managed care partners in Pennsylvania-on acute service use among adult Medicaid beneficiaries with serious mental illness (SMI). STUDY DESIGN: We examined changes in service utilization using a difference-in-differences model, comparing study group with a comparison group, and conducted key informant interviews to better understand aspects of program implementation...
October 2016: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555704/transdisciplinary-research-in-frailty-knowledge-translation-to-inform-new-models-of-care
#11
M Archibald, A Kitson, D Frewin, R Visvanathan
Transforming care for frail older adults requires more than rigorous research. While preventing, identifying and managing frailty are critical to reducing the personal and health systems impact of frailty worldwide, collaborative approaches to research and research application that reflect stakeholder perspectives and priorities are necessary to create meaningful solutions to frailty-related challenges. In South Australia, a new Centre for Research Excellence in Frailty was recently launched with funding from the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549472/understanding-and-addressing-contraceptive-stockouts-to-increase-family-planning-access-and-uptake-in-senegal
#12
Leah Hasselback, Modibo Dicko, Claire Viadro, Soussaba Ndour, Oumy Ndao, Jennifer Wesson
BACKGROUND: Senegal's government has pledged to reduce contraceptive stockouts, which have been frequent in public sector health facilities. An innovative distribution system called the Informed Push Model (IPM) addresses supply chain obstacles through direct regional-to-facility delivery of contraceptives and use of private sector logistics operators. Following promising pilot results, Senegal's Ministry of Health and Social Action committed to a three-year (2013-2016) expansion of IPM to all public health facilities nationwide...
May 26, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506574/the-degree-of-integration-of-non-dispensing-pharmacists-in-primary-care-practice-and-the-impact-on-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Ankie C M Hazen, Antoinette A de Bont, Lia Boelman, Dorien L M Zwart, Johan J de Gier, Niek J de Wit, Marcel L Bouvy
BACKGROUND: A non-dispensing pharmacist conducts clinical pharmacy services aimed at optimizing patients individual pharmacotherapy. Embedding a non-dispensing pharmacist in primary care practice enables collaboration, probably enhancing patient care. The degree of integration of non-dispensing pharmacists into multidisciplinary health care teams varies strongly between settings. The degree of integration may be a determinant for its success. OBJECTIVES: This study investigates how the degree of integration of a non-dispensing pharmacist impacts medication related health outcomes in primary care...
April 22, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506320/costs-associated-with-failure-to-respond-to-treatment-among-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-initiating-tnfi-therapy-a-retrospective-claims-analysis
#14
Michael Grabner, Natalie N Boytsov, Qing Huang, Xiang Zhang, Tingjian Yan, Jeffrey R Curtis
BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) are common second-line treatments for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study was designed to compare the real-world clinical and economic outcomes between patients with RA who responded to TNFi therapy and those who did not. METHODS: For this retrospective cohort analysis we used medical and pharmacy claims from members of 14 large U.S. commercial health plans represented in the HealthCore Integrated Research Database...
May 15, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497135/unscrambling-micro-solvation-of-cooh-and-nh-groups-in-neat-dimethyl-sulfoxide-insights-from-1-h-nmr-spectroscopy-and-computational-studies
#15
Panteleimon G Takis, Konstantinos D Papavasileiou, Loukas D Peristeras, Georgios C Boulougouris, Vasilios S Melissas, Anastassios N Troganis
Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) has a significant, multi-faceted role in medicine, pharmacy, and biology as well as in biophysical chemistry and catalysis. Its physical properties and impact on biomolecular structures still attract major scientific interest, especially the interactions of DMSO with biomolecular functional groups. In the present study, we shed light on the "isolated" carboxylic (-COOH) and amide (-NH) interactions in neat DMSO via(1)H NMR studies along with extensive theoretical approaches, i.e. molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, density functional theory (DFT), and ab initio calculations, applied on model compounds (i...
May 31, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468023/islamic-civilization-in-spain-a-magnificient-example-of-interaction-and-unity-of-religion-and-science
#16
Safvet Halilović
Islam and its followers had created a civilization that played very important role on the world stage for more than a thousand years. One of the most important specific qualities of the Islamic civilization is that it is a well-balanced civilization that brought together science and faith, struck a balance between spirit and matter and did not separate this world from the Hereafter. This is what distinguishes the Islamic civilization from other civilizations which attach primary importance to the material aspect of life, physical needs and human instincts, and attach greater attention to this world by striving to instantly satisfy desires of the flesh, without finding a proper place for God and the Hereafter in their philosophies and education systems...
April 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465778/the-challenge-of-managing-psoriasis-unmet-medical-needs-and-stakeholder-perspectives
#17
REVIEW
Steven R Feldman, Bernard Goffe, Gary Rice, Matthew Mitchell, Mandeep Kaur, Debbie Robertson, Debra Sierka, Jeffrey A Bourret, Tamara S Evans, Alice Gottlieb
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a debilitating chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease affecting approximately 7.4 million adults in the United States. Plaque psoriasis is the most common form, affecting 80% to 90% of patients. OBJECTIVES: To describe the impact and challenges that psoriasis presents for various stakeholders, and to provide nondermatologist healthcare decision makers with information to enhance their contributions to drug and pharmacy benefit design discussions...
December 2016: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455195/a-nationwide-study-of-the-extent-and-factors-associated-with-fentanyl-use-in-australia
#18
Natasa Gisev, Briony Larance, Elena Cama, Suzanne Nielsen, Amanda Roxburgh, Raimondo Bruno, Louisa Degenhardt
OBJECTIVE: To examine fentanyl utilisation in the Australian community and determine the geographic and socio-demographic factors associated with higher rates of fentanyl utilisation. METHODS: National sales data (supplied by IMS Health) were used to estimate fentanyl utilisation (in pack sales and milligrams) in Australia during 2013, mapped to Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Statistical Local Areas (SLAs) and Remoteness Areas. Socio-demographic characteristics and total population estimates of SLAs were obtained from the ABS...
April 15, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434466/cost-effectiveness-of-acupuncture-in-an-employee-population-a-retrospective-analysis
#19
Bijan J Borah, James M Naessens, Amy E Glasgow, Brent A Bauer, Tony Y Chon
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether acupuncture is a cost-effective adjunct to usual care for Mayo Clinic employees and their dependents experiencing pain symptoms. DESIGN: Retrospective review of the medical and billing records of 466 employee-patients and their dependents who had received acupuncture as part of their care and 466 propensity score-matched control patients. INTERVENTIONS: Usual care in combination with acupuncture compared with usual care alone...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430013/barriers-to-access-to-sterile-syringes-as-perceived-by-pharmacists-and-injecting-drug-users-implications-for-harm-reduction-in-lebanon
#20
Ali Ghaddar, Karine Nassar, Ghadier Elsoury
BACKGROUND: Access to sterile syringes to injecting drug users (IDU) reduces sharing behavior and prevents the transmission of HIV. OBJECTIVES: To describe the barriers to access to sterile syringes for IDUs in Lebanon from the perspectives of pharmacists and IDUs. METHODS: in this qualitative study conducted in Lebanon, data were collected from 72 syringe purchase tests at pharmacies, 64 interviewees with pharmacists and 2 focus groups with injecting drug users...
April 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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