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carla sharp

Lorra Garey, Charles Jardin, Brooke Y Kauffman, Carla Sharp, Clayton Neighbors, Norman B Schmidt, Michael J Zvolensky
The Barriers to Cessation Scale (BCS; Macnee & Talsma, 1995a) was developed to assess global and specific perceived barriers that may interfere with the quit process. Although the BCS is widely used in the literature, little scientific work has been devoted to examining the psychometric properties of the measure. Thus, the present study sought to address this gap by evaluating the BCS in a sample of 497 treatment-seeking smokers. The current study examined the factor structure of the BCS, measurement invariance of the BCS subscales across sex and over 2 time points, and evaluated construct validity...
August 15, 2016: Psychological Assessment
Carla Sharp
The aim of the Special Section that this paper contributes to is to review current trends in borderline personality disorder (BPD) research. Three major trends were identified. First, there has been a marked increase in studies that attempt to locate BPD in the dimensional latent structure of psychopathology. Second, identifying the endophenotypic markers associated with BPD has become a focus of interest. Here, we focus on one endophenotype in the form of impaired self-other processing. Third, there has been an explosion of research into the developmental aspects of BPD specifically focused on uncovering complex Biology × Environment interactions in the development of BPD...
October 2016: Personality Disorders
Carla Sharp, Charles Jardin, Lochner Marais, Michael Boivin
While the number of new HIV infections has declined, the number of orphans as a result of AIDS-related deaths continues to increase. The aim of this paper was to systematically review empirical research on the mental health of children affected by HIV/AIDS in the developing world, specifically with an eye on developing a theoretical framework to guide intervention and research. Articles for review were gathered by following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systemic Reviews and Meta Analyses (PRISMA standards), reviewed and then organized and synthesized with a Developmental Psychopathology framework...
November 2015: Journal of HIV and AIDS
Ryan M Hill, William Mellick, Jeff R Temple, Carla Sharp
BACKGROUND: The present study sought to identify trajectories of depressive symptoms in adolescence and emerging adulthood using a school-based sample of adolescents assessed over a five-year period. The study also examined whether bully and cyberbully victimization and perpetration significantly predicted depressive symptom trajectories. METHOD: Data from a sample of 1042 high school students were examined. The sample had a mean age of 15.09 years (SD=.79), was 56...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Amanda Venta, Charles Jardin, Allison Kalpakci, Carla Sharp
The importance of measuring attachment insecurity is underscored by a vast literature tying attachment insecurity to numerous psychological disorders. Self-report measures assess explicit attachment beliefs and experiences, while interview measures, like the Adult Attachment Interview, assess implicit internal working models about the self as worthy of care and others as reliable sources of care. The present study is a preliminary psychometric evaluation of a potentially cost-effective method of assessing implicit internal working models of attachment through the development of an Implicit Association Test (IAT)...
2016: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
Carla Sharp, J Christopher Fowler, Ramiro Salas, David Nielsen, Jon Allen, John Oldham, Thomas Kosten, Sanjay Mathew, Alok Madan, B Christopher Frueh, Peter Fonagy
Recently, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) introduced the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative to address two major challenges facing the field of psychiatry: (1) the lack of new effective personalized treatments for psychiatric disorders, and (2) the limitations associated with categorically defined psychiatric disorders. Although the potential of RDoC to revolutionize personalized psychiatric medicine and psychiatric nosology has been acknowledged, it is unclear how to implement RDoC in naturalistic clinical settings as part of routine outcomes research...
2016: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
Charles Jardin, Lochner Marais, Jafar Bakhshaie, Donald Skinner, Clayton Neighbors, Michael Zvolensky, Carla Sharp
Research in the developed world suggests that parental alcohol use negatively impacts child mental health. However, little research has examined these relations among children in the developing world and no studies to date have done so in the context of AIDS-orphanhood. Therefore, the present study tested the interactive effect of AIDS-orphan status with caregiver alcohol use on child mental health. The sample included 742 children (51.2% female; Mage  = 9.18; age range: 7-11 years; 29.8 AIDS-orphans; 36...
August 29, 2016: AIDS Care
Charles P Brandt, Charles Jardin, Carla Sharp, Chad Lemaire, Michael J Zvolensky
HIV symptoms are associated with a poorer quality of life (QOL) among persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Yet, there is little understanding of emotional factors that impact the relation between HIV symptom severity and QOL. The present study examined the main and interactive effects of emotion dysregulation and HIV symptom severity on multiple indices of QOL, including physical (impact of physical problems related to HIV), psychological (frequency of negative feelings), independence (necessity of medical treatment to function in daily life), social (feelings of acceptance), environmental (satisfaction with living conditions and medical care), and spiritual (fear of the future and death) among a sample of 74 PLWHA...
August 20, 2016: AIDS Care
William Mellick, Carla Sharp, Anna Wilkinson
Behavioral inhibition is associated with a range of negative affective states and behaviors in adolescents which may elicit critical expressed emotion (EE-Crit) among mothers. Whether the relation between adolescent behavioral inhibition and maternal EE-Crit may depend on the presence of maternal depression is unknown. Therefore, a total of N = 81 biological mother/adolescent daughter dyads were recruited: mothers with a history of major depressive disorder (n = 45) and never-depressed mothers (non-depressed: n = 36)...
August 19, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Corrine E Munoz-Plaza, Carla Parry, Erin E Hahn, Tania Tang, Huong Q Nguyen, Michael K Gould, Michael H Kanter, Adam L Sharp
BACKGROUND: Despite reports advocating for integration of research into healthcare delivery, scant literature exists describing how this can be accomplished. Examples highlighting application of qualitative research methods embedded into a healthcare system are particularly needed. This article describes the process and value of embedding qualitative research as the second phase of an explanatory, sequential, mixed methods study to improve antibiotic stewardship for acute sinusitis. METHODS: Purposive sampling of providers for in-depth interviews improved understanding of unwarranted antibiotic prescribing and elicited stakeholder recommendations for improvement...
2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
Carla Sharp
Despite a marked increase in research supporting the assessment, diagnosis and treatment of personality disorder (PD) in adolescence, clinicians continue to be reluctant to apply treatment guidelines and psychiatric nomenclature in routine clinical care. This gap arises from several beliefs: (1) psychiatric nomenclature does not allow the diagnosis of PD in adolescence; (2) certain features of PD are normative and not particularly symptomatic of personality disturbance; (3) the symptoms of PD are better explained by other psychiatric syndromes; (4) adolescents' personalities are still developing and therefore too unstable to warrant a PD diagnosis; and (5) because PD is long-lasting, treatment-resistant and unpopular to treat, it would be stigmatising to label an adolescent with borderline personality disorder (BPD)...
August 9, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Daniel J Paulus, Charles Jardin, Jafar Bakhshaie, Carla Sharp, Steven Paul Woods, Chad Lemaire, Amy Leonard, Clayton Neighbors, Charles P Brandt, Michael J Zvolensky
Hazardous drinking is prevalent among persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Anxiety sensitivity is a vulnerability factor that is highly associated with hazardous drinking among seronegatives, but has yet to be tested in PLWHA. Additionally, there is a need to examine potential mechanisms underlying associations of anxiety sensitivity and hazardous drinking. Emotion dysregulation is one potential construct that may explain the association between anxiety sensitivity and hazardous drinking. The current study examined emotion dysregulation as a potential explanatory variable between anxiety sensitivity and four, clinically significant alcohol-related outcomes among PLWHA: hazardous drinking, symptoms of alcohol dependence, number of days consuming alcohol within the past month, and degree of past heavy episodic drinking...
December 2016: Addictive Behaviors
Laura Adams, Melissa Bello-Pagan, Matthew Lozier, Kyle R Ryff, Carla Espinet, Jomil Torres, Janice Perez-Padilla, Mitchelle Flores Febo, Emilio Dirlikov, Alma Martinez, Jorge Munoz-Jordan, Myriam Garcia, Marangely Olivero Segarra, Graciela Malave, Aidsa Rivera, Carrie Shapiro-Mendoza, Asher Rosinger, Matthew J Kuehnert, Koo-Whang Chung, Lisa L Pate, Angela Harris, Ryan R Hemme, Audrey Lenhart, Gustavo Aquino, Sherif Zaki, Jennifer S Read, Stephen H Waterman, Luisa I Alvarado, Francisco Alvarado-Ramy, Miguel Valencia-Prado, Dana Thomas, Tyler M Sharp, Brenda Rivera-Garcia
Zika virus is a flavivirus transmitted primarily by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes, and infection can be asymptomatic or result in an acute febrile illness with rash (1). Zika virus infection during pregnancy is a cause of microcephaly and other severe birth defects (2). Infection has also been associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) (3) and severe thrombocytopenia (4,5). In December 2015, the Puerto Rico Department of Health (PRDH) reported the first locally acquired case of Zika virus infection...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Michael J Zvolensky, Charles Jardin, Lorra Garey, Zuzuky Robles, Carla Sharp
Although college campuses represent strategic locations to address mental health disparity among minorities in the US, there has been strikingly little empirical work on risk processes for anxiety/depression among this population. The present investigation examined the interactive effects of acculturative stress and experiential avoidance in relation to anxiety and depressive symptoms among minority college students (n = 1,095; 78.1% female; Mage = 21.92, SD = 4.23; 15.1% African-American (non-Hispanic), 45...
November 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Salome Vanwoerden, Tyson Reuter, Carla Sharp
BACKGROUND: With the recent addition of a callous-unemotional (CU) specifier to the diagnosis of conduct disorder (CD) in the DSM-5, studies are needed to evaluate the clinical utility of this specifier and the best ways to identify youth meeting criteria for this specifier in clinical samples. METHODS: To this end, the current study examined cross-sectional correlates and treatment response across four groups of inpatient adolescents (N=382, ages 12-17): those with CD without the specifier, with CD and the CU specifier, CU alone, and a group of psychiatric controls...
August 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Amanda Venta, Claire Hatkevich, William Mellick, Salome Vanwoerden, Carla Sharp
OBJECTIVE: A social-cognitive perspective on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been proposed and posits that impaired social cognition, rooted in attachment insecurity, plays a role in the development of PTSD. Support for the role of impaired social cognition in PTSD has been found in adults, but the social-cognitive perspective on PTSD has not been examined in adolescents. This study sought to explore differences in social cognition and PTSD on the basis of attachment security, and it examined social cognition as a mediator in the relation between attachment security and PTSD and with regard to PTSD symptom change during inpatient treatment...
June 23, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Ulrich Kirk, Xiaosi Gu, Carla Sharp, Andreas Hula, Peter Fonagy, P Read Montague
Emotions have been shown to exert influences on decision making during economic exchanges. Here we investigate the underlying neural mechanisms of a training regimen which is hypothesized to promote emotional awareness, specifically mindfulness training (MT). We test the hypothesis that MT increases cooperative economic decision making using fMRI in a randomized longitudinal design involving 8weeks of either MT or active control training (CT). We find that MT results in an increased willingness to cooperate indexed by higher acceptance rates to unfair monetary offers in the Ultimatum Game...
September 2016: NeuroImage
Chelsie M Young, Clayton Neighbors, Angelo M DiBello, Carla Sharp, Michael J Zvolensky, Melissa A Lewis
OBJECTIVE: Personalized normative feedback (PNF) interventions have received empirical support, are presumed to work by reducing normative misperceptions, and have been found to be particularly efficacious for those who drink for social reasons. However, PNF interventions also offer direct comparisons between one's own drinking and normative drinking, which may be especially important for coping drinkers. The present research evaluated whether reduced perceived norms and drinking at follow-ups varied as a function of coping motives...
May 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Charles Philip Brandt, Jafar Bakhshaie, Charles Jardin, Chad Lemaire, Brooke Y Kauffman, Carla Sharp, Michael J Zvolensky
PURPOSE: The present study examined the moderating effect of cigarette smoking status on the relation between anxiety sensitivity (fear of the expected negative consequences of anxiety and bodily sensations) and hazardous alcohol consumption, sexual compulsivity, and suicidality. METHOD: A series of multiple hierarchical regressions were used to test the proposed hypothesis among a sample of 94 persons living with HIV/AIDS in the USA (64.5 % male, M age = 48...
May 11, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Carolyn Ha, Alok Madan, Tessa A Long, Carla Sharp
Tracking adolescent outcomes after inpatient hospitalization is important in informing clinical care for this age group, as inpatient care is one of the most expensive treatment modalities. This study examined 4 incentive strategies used to maintain adolescent participation in follow-up research (at 6, 12, and 18 mo) after their discharge from the hospital (N=267). A generalized estimation equation approach was taken to investigate whether different incentive strategies predicted adolescent completion of the follow-up assessments at each time point...
May 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
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