keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

carla sharp

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910213/the-challenge-of-transforming-the-diagnostic-system-of-personality-disorders
#1
Sabine C Herpertz, Steven K Huprich, Martin Bohus, Andrew Chanen, Marianne Goodman, Lars Mehlum, Paul Moran, Giles Newton-Howes, Lori Scott, Carla Sharp
While the DSM-5 alternative model of personality disorder (PD) diagnosis allows the field to systematically compare categorical and dimensional classifications, the ICD-11 proposal suggests a radical change by restricting the classification of PDs to one category, deleting all specific types, basing clinical service provision exclusively upon a severity dimension, and restricting trait domains to secondary qualifiers without defining cutoff points. This article reflects broad international agreement about the state of PD diagnosis...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858660/amygdala-frontal-connectivity-predicts-internalizing-symptom-recovery-among-inpatient-adolescents
#2
Amanda Venta, Carla Sharp, Michelle Patriquin, Ramiro Salas, Elizabeth Newlin, Kaylah Curtis, Philip Baldwin, Christopher Fowler, B Christopher Frueh
BACKGROUND: The possibility of using biological measures to predict the trajectory of symptoms among adolescent psychiatric inpatients has important implications. This study aimed to examine emotion regulation ability (measured via self-report) and a hypothesized proxy in resting-state functional connectivity [RSFC] between the amygdala and frontal brain regions as baseline predictors of internalizing symptom recovery during inpatient care. METHODS: 196 adolescents (61% female; Mage = 15...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837938/the-relations-between-inadequate-parent-child-boundaries-and-borderline-personality-disorder-in-adolescence
#3
Salome Vanwoerden, Allison Kalpakci, Carla Sharp
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a severe mental illness that onsets in adolescence. Research has demonstrated the central role of parent-child relationships for the development and maintenance of BPD although more research is necessary to clarify the specific dynamics that relate to BPD during adolescence. Based on preliminary research establishing the importance of parent-child boundaries for adolescent BPD, this study sought to evaluate the relations between different forms of inadequate boundaries and BPD in adolescence using a multi-method approach...
August 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836093/on-the-relation-between-general-intelligence-and-psychopathic-traits-an-examination-of-inpatient-adolescents
#4
Nicholas Kavish, Cassandra Bailey, Carla Sharp, Amanda Venta
A substantial literature has investigated relations between intelligence and psychopathic traits. At the construct level, findings have been mixed, with a small negative relation found. At the facet level however, a positive relation between verbal intelligence and the interpersonal facet of psychopathy, and a negative relation between verbal intelligence and the lifestyle factor of psychopathy emerge. To date, this research has largely neglected adolescents and prior research has focused on clinical and incarcerated populations, while failing to control for psychopathology...
August 23, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833393/aggressive-behaviors-and-suicide-ideation-in-inpatient-adolescents-the-moderating-roles-of-internalizing-symptoms-and-stress
#5
Victor Buitron, Chelsey M Hartley, Jeremy W Pettit, Claire Hatkevich, Carla Sharp
The present study examined a conceptual model in which the association between aggressive behaviors and suicide ideation is moderated by internalizing symptoms and ongoing stress. Participants were 304 psychiatric inpatient adolescents (65.8% girls) ranging in age from 12 to 17 years (Mean age = 14.69). The association between aggressive behaviors and suicide ideation was significantly moderated by internalizing symptoms and ongoing stress; the association was positive in adolescents low in internalizing symptoms or high in ongoing stress, but negative in adolescents high in internalizing symptoms or low in ongoing stress...
August 22, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803040/attachment-and-thought-problems-in-an-adolescent-inpatient-sample-the-mediational-role-of-theory-of-mind
#6
Jessica R Hart, Amanda Venta, Carla Sharp
BACKGROUND: Previous research has documented increased incidence of insecure attachment and theory of mind (ToM) deficits in individuals experiencing psychotic disorders. ToM has been theorized as a possible mediator of the relation between attachment and psychosis (Korver-Nieberg et al., 2014). The current study sought to extend this area of research to adolescents for the first time by examining adolescent-parent attachment and ToM in inpatient adolescents. METHODS: Participants were 362 inpatient adolescents and their parents; participants completed the Child Attachment Interview, Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition, Youth Self Report, and Child Behavior Checklist...
July 13, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766998/linguistic-analysis-as-a-method-for-assessing-symptoms-after-sexual-trauma-among-female-adolescent-psychiatric-inpatients
#7
Kaisa Marshall, Amanda Venta, Craig Henderson, Maria Barker, Carla Sharp
Using a sample of female psychiatric inpatient adolescents, the current study aimed to extend this literature to an adolescent sample for the first time by examining if linguistic markers and their subcategories (cognitive process words, pronoun use, and somatosensory detail) in a trauma account are related to trauma symptomology and recovery during inpatient care. Results indicated that greater use of body words and fewer insight words were related to increased trauma symptoms at admission. In addition, use of fewer cognitive process words at admission predicted greater symptom change at discharge, extending previous research findings to an adolescent sample...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759266/evaluation-of-the-pai-a-anxiety-and-depression-scales-evidence-of-construct-validity
#8
Salome Vanwoerden, Lynne Steinberg, Amelia D Coffman, Daniel J Paulus, Leslie C Morey, Carla Sharp
Against the background of a dearth of studies examining the properties of the scale scores of the Personality Assessment Inventory-Adolescent (PAI-A; Morey, 2007), this study was conducted to evaluate evidence of construct validity for the Anxiety (ANX) and Depression (DEP) scales of the PAI-A. Convergent and discriminant validity of the ANX and DEP scale scores were investigated using a sample of adolescents admitted to the adolescent program of a private tertiary care inpatient treatment facility. Multiple methods assessing anxious and depressive symptomology and diagnoses were included...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601718/the-columbia-suicide-severity-rating-scale-associations-between-interrupted-aborted-and-actual-suicide-attempts-among-adolescent-inpatients
#9
Ryan M Hill, Claire E Hatkevich, Iram Kazimi, Carla Sharp
The Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale divides suicide attempt behaviors into actual, interrupted, and aborted attempts, but limited data have been reported regarding associations between interrupted, aborted, and actual attempts. This study provided initial data on the ability of interrupted and aborted attempts to estimate the frequency of actual suicide attempts. Participants were adolescent psychiatric inpatients (59.9% female), 12-17 years (mean = 14.73, SD = 1.62). Results suggest that interrupted and aborted suicide attempts are associated with the frequency of actual suicide attempts, controlling for suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms...
September 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442271/evaluation-of-the-xpert-hcv-viral-load-point-of-care-assay-from-venepuncture-collected-and-finger-stick-capillary-whole-blood-samples-a-cohort-study
#10
Jason Grebely, Francois M J Lamoury, Behzad Hajarizadeh, Yasmin Mowat, Alison D Marshall, Sahar Bajis, Philippa Marks, Janaki Amin, Julie Smith, Michael Edwards, Carla Gorton, Nadine Ezard, David Persing, Marika Kleman, Philip Cunningham, Beth Catlett, Gregory J Dore, Tanya L Applegate
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA testing offers an advantage over antibody testing (which only indicates previous exposure), enabling diagnosis of active infection in a single visit. In this study, we evaluated the performance of the Xpert HCV Viral Load assay with venepuncture and finger-stick capillary whole-blood samples. METHODS: Plasma and finger-stick capillary whole-blood samples were collected from participants in an observational cohort enrolled at five sites in Australia (three drug and alcohol clinics, one homelessness service, and one needle and syringe programme)...
April 21, 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238273/a-novel-approach-to-identifying-a-neuroimaging-biomarker-for-patients-with-serious-mental-illness
#11
Alok Madan, J Christopher Fowler, Michelle A Patriquin, Ramiro Salas, Philip R Baldwin, Kenia M Velasquez, Humsini Viswanath, David L Molfese, Carla Sharp, Jon G Allen, Susan Hardesty, John M Oldham, B Christopher Frueh
Serious mental illness (SMI) is disabling, and current interventions are ineffective for many. This exploratory study sought to demonstrate the feasibility of applying topological data analysis (TDA) to resting-state functional connectivity data obtained from a heterogeneous sample of 235 adult inpatients to identify a biomarker of treatment response. TDA identified two groups based on connectivity between the prefrontal cortex and striatal regions: patients admitted with greater functional connectivity between these regions evidenced less improvement from admission to discharge than patients with lesser connectivity between them...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211278/endoscopic-removal-of-multiple-sharp-gastro-duodenal-foreign-bodies
#12
Samuel Costa, Raquel Gonçalves, Carla Rolanda
A 45 years old female,with bipolar disorder,was brought to the Emergency Department with abdominal pain. The patient was hemodynamically stable,with no signs of respiratory distress. On abdominal examination she had pain in the upper quadrants,without peritoneal irritation. The successful endoscopic removal decreases if delayed approach, beyond 12 h, and sharp objects. Moreover in case of sharp objects, even if already into the stomach or duodenum, they should be retrieved endoscopically if it can be accomplished safely, because the risk of a complication during its natural exteriorization is as high as 35%...
February 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176177/trauma-and-aggression-investigating-the-mediating-role-of-mentalizing-in-female-and-male-inpatient-adolescents
#13
Anna Abate, Kaisa Marshall, Carla Sharp, Amanda Venta
High rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and elevated levels of aggression are common among youth in inpatient psychiatric settings. Several models link trauma exposure to aggression through anomalous mental state reasoning. Some theoretical frameworks linking trauma to aggression specify that the over-attribution of hostile mental states contributes to the development of aggressive behavior whereas other theories suggest that an inhibition of mental state reasoning leads to aggressive behavior...
February 7, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078089/the-specificity-of-emotion-dysregulation-in-adolescents-with-borderline-personality-disorder-comparison-with-psychiatric-and-healthy-controls
#14
Marina Ibraheim, Allison Kalpakci, Carla Sharp
BACKGROUND: Research has supported the notion that emotion dysregulation is a core feature of BPD. However, given that this feature is typical of healthy adolescents as well as adolescents with other psychiatric disorders, the specificity of emotion dysregulation to BPD in this age group has not yet been determined. The overall aim of this study was to examine emotion dysregulation in adolescent inpatients with BPD compared with non-BPD inpatient adolescents and healthy non-clinical adolescents, taking into account both global emotion dysregulation deficits and more specific impairments...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072043/compelled-to-risk-does-sexual-compulsivity-explain-the-connection-between-borderline-personality-disorder-features-and-number-of-sexual-partners
#15
Charles Jardin, Carla Sharp, Lorra Garey, Salome Vanwoerden, Nic Crist, Jon D Elhai, Michael J Zvolensky
Having more sexual partners increases the likelihood of new HIV infections among women. Women with more borderline personality disorder (BPD) features have been known to have greater numbers of sexual partners. However, the mechanisms linking BPD features with more sexual partners remain to be clarified. Sexual compulsivity (lack of control, increased distress over sexual behavior) may be one such explanatory factor, as it overlaps with BPD features (e.g., impulsivity, negative affectivity). The present study examined whether sexual compulsivity explained the relation of BPD features with number of sexual partners among a diverse sample of college females (N = 1,326)...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910261/borderline-personality-disorder-features-emotion-dysregulation-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-preliminary-findings-in-a-sample-of-community-dwelling-italian-adolescents
#16
Antonella Somma, Carla Sharp, Serena Borroni, Andrea Fossati
In order to assess the relationships among borderline personality disorder features, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and emotion dysregulation, 122 community-dwelling Italian adolescents were administered by the Italian translations of the Borderline Personality Features Scale for Children-11, the Deliberate Self-Harm Inventory and the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS). Regression models showed that both Deliberate Self-Harm Inventory (DSHI) and DERS scores significantly predicted Borderline Personality Features Scale for Children-11 total score; moreover, the DSHI total score significantly predicted the DERS total score...
February 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845526/first-empirical-evaluation-of-outcomes-for-mentalization-based-group-therapy-for-adolescents-with-bpd
#17
Sune Bo, Carla Sharp, Emma Beck, Jesper Pedersen, Matthias Gondan, Erik Simonsen
Adolescent borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a devastating disorder, and it is essential to identify and treat the disorder in its early course. A total of 34 female Danish adolescents between 15 and 18 years old participated in 1 year of structured mentalization-based group therapy. Twenty-five adolescents completed the study, of which the majority (23) displayed improvement regarding borderline symptoms, depression, self-harm, peer-attachment, parent-attachment, mentalizing, and general psychopathology...
August 15, 2016: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814961/experiential-avoidance-in-the-vulnerability-to-depression-among-adolescent-females
#18
William Mellick, Salome Vanwoerden, Carla Sharp
BACKGROUND: Although various mechanisms in the maternal transmission of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) have been investigated, it is unknown whether experiential avoidance (EA) is a vulnerability factor in the development of depression or a consequence of the illness. The present study utilized a high-risk design to determine if EA indeed poses vulnerability to adolescent MDD. Secondly, we examined the means by which adolescent EA may come to pose vulnerability, namely that it explains the relation between maternal EA and adolescent depressive symptoms...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736128/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-barriers-to-cessation-scale
#19
Lorra Garey, Charles Jardin, Brooke Y Kauffman, Carla Sharp, Clayton Neighbors, Norman B Schmidt, Michael J Zvolensky
The Barriers to Cessation Scale (BCS; Macnee & Talsma, 1995a) was developed to assess global and specific perceived barriers that may interfere with the quit process. Although the BCS is widely used in the literature, little scientific work has been devoted to examining the psychometric properties of the measure. Thus, the present study sought to address this gap by evaluating the BCS in a sample of 497 treatment-seeking smokers. The current study examined the factor structure of the BCS, measurement invariance of the BCS subscales across sex and over 2 time points, and evaluated construct validity...
July 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709990/current-trends-in-bpd-research-as-indicative-of-a-broader-sea-change-in-psychiatric-nosology
#20
Carla Sharp
The aim of the Special Section that this paper contributes to is to review current trends in borderline personality disorder (BPD) research. Three major trends were identified. First, there has been a marked increase in studies that attempt to locate BPD in the dimensional latent structure of psychopathology. Second, identifying the endophenotypic markers associated with BPD has become a focus of interest. Here, we focus on one endophenotype in the form of impaired self-other processing. Third, there has been an explosion of research into the developmental aspects of BPD specifically focused on uncovering complex Biology × Environment interactions in the development of BPD...
October 2016: Personality Disorders
keyword
keyword
120011
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"