keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

carla sharp

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772912/relations-between-empathy-and-anxiety-dimensions-in-inpatient-adolescents
#1
Malgorzata Gambin, Carla Sharp
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A better understanding of the relationships between empathy and internalizing disorders is needed to plan therapeutic interventions for children and adolescents. Several studies have revealed positive relations of internalizing symptoms to personal distress and affective empathy. However, there is a lack of studies that take into account the multidimensional nature of anxiety in its relation to empathy. DESIGN: Structural equation modeling was used to test the moderated mediation model of the relations between empathy, depression and anxiety dimensions and the moderating role of gender on these associations in inpatient adolescents...
May 17, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743263/morphology-based-differences-in-the-thermal-response-of-freshwater-phytoplankton
#2
Angel M Segura, Florencia Sarthou, Carla Kruk
The thermal response of maximum growth rate in morphology-based functional groups (MBFG) of freshwater phytoplankton is analysed. Contrasting an exponential Boltzmann-Arrhenius with a unimodal model, three main features were evaluated: (i) the activation energy of the rise ( E r ), (ii) the presence of a break in the thermal response and (iii) the activation energy of the fall ( E f ). The whole dataset ( N = 563) showed an exponential increase ( E r ∼ 0.5), a break around 24°C and no temperature dependence after the breakpoint ( E f = 0)...
May 2018: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704083/does-affective-theory-of-mind-contribute-to-proactive-aggression-in-boys-with-conduct-problems-and-psychopathic-tendencies
#3
Steven M Gillespie, Mickey T Kongerslev, Carla Sharp, Sune Bo, Ahmad M Abu-Akel
Adolescent psychopathic tendencies are associated with phenotypic increases in proactive aggression. However, the extent to which an understanding of others' affective mental states, or affective theory of mind (ToM), contributes to proactive aggression remains unknown. We examined how performance on a well-known test of affective ToM, based on cropped images of the eye region, contributes to reactive and proactive types of aggression in a mixed ethnicity sample of 80 incarcerated adolescent boys. A hierarchical regression model showed that affective ToM predicted proactive aggression over and above the influence of clinically rated psychopathic tendencies...
April 27, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596505/childhood-behavioral-inhibition-is-associated-with-impaired-mentalizing-in-adolescence
#4
Sergi Ballespí, Ariadna Pérez-Domingo, Jaume Vives, Carla Sharp, Neus Barrantes-Vidal
Recent advances suggest that impairment in social cognition (SC) may play a role in the development of social anxiety (SA). However, very few studies have analyzed whether SA fosters poorer social-cognitive development as it leads to social avoidance. This study aimed to analyze whether retrospectively assessed behavioral inhibition (BI) (i.e., an early form of SA) in childhood is associated with a deficit in social cognition operationalized as impairment of mentalizing (MZ) in adolescence. A sample of 256 adolescents (range: 12-18 years; mean age: 14...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588857/the-role-of-maternal-care-in-borderline-personality-disorder-and-dependent-life-stress
#5
Ericka Ball Cooper, Amanda Venta, Carla Sharp
Background: Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) affects 0.9%-3.2% of adolescents, and more than 20% of inpatient adolescents. Life stress has been linked to BPD across the lifespan, and previous research in adults has linked BPD to dependent stress (i.e., stress induced by the individual). However, prior research has not examined dependent stress alongside BPD in adolescents. Additionally, the potential protective effect of maternal care has not been considered in this relation. This study tested a moderation model expecting that (1) BPD would be positively associated with dependent life stress, (2) maternal care would be negatively associated with BPD, and (3) maternal care would moderate the relation between BPD and dependent life stress...
2018: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561721/calling-for-a-unified-redefinition-of-borderlineness-commentary-on-gunderson-et-al
#6
Carla Sharp
This commentary critically evaluates the usefulness of the standards employed by Gunderson et al. (2018) for theory evaluation and comparison and calls into question their adequacy, based both on the lack of scientific evidence supporting the assertions these standards imply and on the availability of alternative standard for theory evaluation and comparison. In so doing, the commentary calls for a redefinition of "borderlineness" as well as the use of standard criteria for theory evaluation and comparison...
April 2018: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469580/the-psychometric-properties-of-the-personality-assessment-inventory-adolescent-s-borderline-features-scale-across-two-high-risk-samples
#7
Amanda Venta, Melissa Magyar, Shabnam Hossein, Carla Sharp
The present study sought to assess the performance of the Borderline Features (BOR) Scale of the adolescent version of the Personality Assessment Inventory (Morey, 2007b) in 2 high-risk samples: inpatient and justice-involved adolescents. This study is the first to evaluate the BOR scale in high-risk adolescent samples, outside the initial standardization studies. Across both samples (NClinical = 327, NForensic = 151), results indicated good internal consistency. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated poor fit of the 4-factor structure proposed by the measure's authors...
February 22, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392167/the-advertising-strategies-of-early-e-cigarette-brand-leaders-in-the-united-states
#8
Regine Haardörfer, Zachary Cahn, Michael Lewis, Shreya Kothari, Raina Sarmah, Betelihem Getachew, Carla J Berg
Objectives: We examined differential advertising strategies used by 4 major United States e-cigarette companies with differential affiliations with the traditional tobacco industry (ie, Njoy - independent, Blu - acquired, Vuse and MarkTen - launched by cigarette companies) over time. Methods: We conducted a mixed-methods study regarding e-cigarette adspend, adspend per media channel (eg, TV, print), and advertising messaging strategies among these 4 top e-cigarette brands from January 2013 through December 2015...
April 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388349/differential-relations-of-executive-functioning-to-borderline-personality-disorder-presentations-in-adolescents
#9
Allison Kalpakci, Carolyn Ha, Carla Sharp
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adolescents is highly complex and heterogeneous. Within the disorder, research has suggested the existence of at least two subgroups: one with predominantly internalizing psychopathology features and one with predominantly externalizing psychopathology features. One process that may differentiate these groups is executive functioning (EF), given that poor EF is linked to externalizing psychopathology. Against this background, the current study used a multi-informant approach to examine whether adolescent patients with predominantly externalizing BPD presentations experience greater deficits in EF than adolescent patients with predominantly internalizing presentations...
February 1, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370447/interpersonal-trust-and-suicide-ideation-among-adolescent-psychiatric-inpatients-an-indirect-effect-via-perceived-burdensomeness
#10
Ryan M Hill, Francesca Penner, Salome Vanwoerden, William Mellick, Iram Kazimi, Carla Sharp
The identification of theoretically and empirically supported correlates of suicide ideation is important to improve treatment approaches to suicide. This study sought to examine the association between interpersonal trust (theoretically conceptualized as a distal risk marker) and suicide ideation in adolescence. Specifically, it was hypothesized that interpersonal trust would be negatively associated with suicide ideation via perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness (conceptualized as more proximal risk markers)...
January 25, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294746/dating-violence-victimization-nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-the-moderating-effect-of-borderline-personality-disorder-features-in-adolescent-inpatients
#11
Claire Hatkevich, William Mellick, Tyson Reuter, Jeff R Temple, Carla Sharp
The aim of the study was to examine whether Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) features moderate the relation between dating violence victimization (DVV) experiences and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescent inpatients. A total of 184 adolescent inpatients completed measures on DVV, BPD features, and NSSI at admission to treatment. Bivariate analyses revealed significant relations between DVV, BPD features, and NSSI. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses demonstrated a moderating effect of BPD features such that in the low BPD features group, more severe DVV was associated with greater NSSI frequency; adolescents in the high BPD group endorsed elevated, though stable, levels of NSSI at all levels of DVV...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278820/attachment-and-psychopathic-traits-in-inpatient-female-and-male-adolescents
#12
Malgorzata Gambin, Malgorzata Wozniak-Prus, Carla Sharp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276717/longitudinal-associations-of-sexual-fluidity-and-health-in-transgender-men-and-cisgender-women-and-men
#13
Sabra L Katz-Wise, David N Williams, Colton L Keo-Meier, Stephanie L Budge, Seth Pardo, Carla Sharp
Research has just begun to study associations between sexual fluidity and health among cisgender individuals; only one cross-sectional study examined these links among transgender individuals. The goals of the current study were to prospectively examine fluidity in sexual attractions and fluidity in sexual orientation identity, and associations with health-related outcomes. Participants were a community-based sample of 45 transgender men, ages 16-51 years, who had recently begun testosterone, and 95 cisgender individuals (53 women, 42 men), ages 18-55 years, who completed surveys either in-person or via mail...
2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236527/paradoxical-effects-of-intranasal-oxytocin-on-trust-in-inpatient-and-community-adolescents
#14
Amanda Venta, Carolyn Ha, Salome Vanwoerden, Elizabeth Newlin, Lane Strathearn, Carla Sharp
Research suggests that oxytocin, a neuropeptide implicated in attachment, is a promising clinical tool because it increases affiliation and attachment behaviors, which are reduced in a range of psychiatric disorders. Oxytocin has been recommended as a psychiatric treatment for adolescents, but this remains largely unstudied. Skepticism is warranted, based on mixed findings in adults and absence of data across development. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of intranasal oxytocin on attachment-related and non-attachment-related trust in an interactive game, determining how this effect differs among inpatient adolescents and healthy controls and whether this effect is moderated by attachment security...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236525/convergence-in-reports-of-adolescents-psychopathology-a-focus-on-disorganized-attachment-and-reflective-functioning
#15
Jessica L Borelli, Alexandra Palmer, Salome Vanwoerden, Carla Sharp
Although convergence in parent-youth reports of adolescent psychopathology is critical for treatment planning, research documents a pervasive lack of agreement in ratings of adolescents' symptoms. Attachment insecurity (particularly disorganized attachment) and impoverished reflective functioning (RF) are 2 theoretically implicated predictors of low convergence that have not been examined in the literature. In a cross-sectional investigation of adolescents receiving inpatient psychiatric treatment, we examined whether disorganized attachment and low (adolescent and parent) RF were associated with patterns of convergence in adolescent internalizing and externalizing symptoms...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227834/personality-pathology-grows-up-adolescence-as-a-sensitive-period
#16
REVIEW
Carla Sharp, Kiana Wall
There is mounting evidence that personality pathology, in particular, borderline pathology is a valid and reliable construct in adolescence, with prevalence, phenomenology, stability and risk factors similar to that of adult borderline personality disorder. Scientific evidence also delineates a marked separation of course and outcome of adolescent borderline personality disorder from other disorders and supports the efficacy of disorder-specific treatment. The current article addresses recent findings in these areas which point to adolescence as a sensitive period for the development for personality pathology...
December 6, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226592/comment-on-hopwood-et-al-the-time-has-come-for-dimensional-personality-disorder-diagnosis
#17
Steven K Huprich, Sabine C Herpertz, Martin Bohus, Andrew Chanen, Marianne Goodman, Lars Mehlum, Paul Moran, Giles Newton-Howe, Lori Scott, Carla Sharp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204276/the-mediating-role-of-mentalizing-capacity-between-parents-and-peer-attachment-and-adolescent-borderline-personality-disorder
#18
Emma Beck, Carla Sharp, Stig Poulsen, Sune Bo, Jesper Pedersen, Erik Simonsen
Background: Insecure attachment is a precursor and correlate of borderline personality disorder. According to the mentalization-based theory of borderline personality disorder, the presence of insecure attachment derails the development of the capacity to mentalize, potentially resulting in borderline pathology. While one prior study found support for this notion in adolescents, it neglected a focus on peer attachment. Separation from primary caregivers and formation of stronger bonds to peers are key developmental achievements during adolescence and peer attachment warrants attention as a separate concept...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172570/clarifying-the-relation-of-acculturative-stress-and-anxiety-depressive-symptoms-the-role-of-anxiety-sensitivity-among-hispanic-college-students
#19
Charles Jardin, Nubia A Mayorga, Jafar Bakhshaie, Lorra Garey, Andres G Viana, Carla Sharp, Jodi Berger Cardoso, Michael J Zvolensky
OBJECTIVES: Recent work has highlighted the link between acculturative stress and depression/anxiety symptoms among Hispanic young adults, but the nature of these relations is not well understood. The present study aimed to clarify the relation between acculturative stress and depression/anxiety symptoms by examining anxiety sensitivity, globally and via subfactors, as an explanatory variable. METHOD: A cross-sectional sample of 788 Hispanic college students (80...
April 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123464/pattern-separation-a-potential-marker-of-impaired-hippocampal-adult-neurogenesis-in-major-depressive-disorder
#20
Kellen Gandy, Sohye Kim, Carla Sharp, Lilian Dindo, Mirjana Maletic-Savatic, Chadi Calarge
Adult neurogenesis involves the generation of new neurons, particularly in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus. Decreased hippocampal neurogenesis has been implicated in both animal models of depression and in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), despite some inconsistency in the literature. Here, we build upon current models to generate a new testable hypothesis, linking impaired neurogenesis to downstream psychological outcomes commonly observed in MDD. We contend that disruption in adult neurogenesis impairs pattern separation, a hippocampus-dependent function requiring the careful discrimination and storage of highly similar, but not identical, sensory inputs...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
120011
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"