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Jugular thrombosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586700/injection-into-the-jugular-vein-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-the-united-kingdom-prevalence-associated-factors-and-harms
#1
Vivian D Hope, Jenny Iversen, Katelyn J Cullen, John V Parry, Lisa Maher, Fortune Nucbe
BACKGROUND: While people who inject drugs (PWID) typically use peripheral veins, some inject into their central veins, including the femoral and jugular veins. Injection into the jugular vein can have serious adverse health consequences, including jugular vein thrombosis, deep neck infections, pneumothorax, endocarditis and sepsis. This study examined the prevalence of, and factors associated with, jugular vein injection among a large sample of PWID in the United Kingdom. METHOD: Unlinked anonymous surveys (2011-14) recruited PWID from agencies providing services to this population...
June 3, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580216/septic-thrombophlebitis-of-the-internal-jugular-vein-a-case-of-lemierre-s-syndrome
#2
Adam Alperstein, Raymond M Fertig, Matthew Feldman, Daniel Watford, Susan Nystrom, Guesly Delva, Salman Muddassir
An 18-year-old gentleman with a history of recurrent tonsillitis presented to the emergency room complaining of worsening sore throat. He was found to have a peritonisillar abscess, and imaging revealed a non-occlusive left internal jugular vein thrombosis. Lemierre's syndrome is a rare, potentially fatal condition characterized by internal jugular vein thrombosis with septicemia following an acute oropharyngeal infection. While anticoagulation is the mainstay of treatment of deep venous thromboembolism (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), the use of therapy is controversial in septic thrombophlebitis...
May 2017: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571928/free-tissue-flaps-in-head-and-neck-reconstruction-clinical-application-and-analysis-of-93-patients-of-a-single-institution
#3
Jiwang Liang, Tao Yu, Xu Wang, Yuejiao Zhao, Fengqin Fang, Wei Zeng, Zhendong Li
INTRODUCTION: Reconstruction with a free flap is routine in head and neck surgery because of better functional outcomes, improved esthetics, and generally higher success rates. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes in patients undergoing different microvascular free flap reconstructions. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 93 patients undergoing reconstructions with free flaps from 2007 to 2015. Four types of free flap were performed: Anterolateral Thigh (76...
May 13, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525463/fdg-pet-ct-as-a-new-method-for-diagnosis-and-whole-body-evaluation-of-lemierre-syndrome
#4
Jordy P Pijl, Andor W J M Glaudemans, Riemer H J A Slart, Thomas C Kwee
Lemierre syndrome is a rare disease that is defined by a pharyngeal infection, complicated by septicemia and internal jugular vein thrombosis followed by septic emboli. Because of its rarity, a delay in diagnosis is not uncommon. However, given the mortality rate of approximately 2%, prompt diagnosis and detection of septic emboli are essential to initiate prompt treatment, preventing organ damage and ongoing sepsis. We present 3 cases that demonstrate the value of FDG-PET/CT as a possible alternative or adjunct to conventional imaging methods for diagnosis and whole-body evaluation of Lemierre syndrome...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502952/lemierre-s-syndrome-variant-with-external-jugular-vein-thrombosis
#5
Junji Takiguchi, Hirokazu Sakamoto, Nobutaka Inoue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465846/a-rare-complication-following-thyroid-percutaneous-ethanol-injection-plummer-adenoma
#6
Roberto Cesareo, Anda Mihaela Naciu, Valerio Pasqualini, Giuseppe Pelle, Silvia Manfrini, Gaia Tabacco, Angelo Lauria Pantano, Alessandro Casini, Roberto Cianni, Andrea Palermo
Percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) is a technique used only for benign thyroid nodules, cystic or mixed cystic-solid with a large fluid component. It is a quite low-cost, safe, and outpatient method of treatment. Rare and severe complications have been described after PEI: jugular vein thrombosis and severe ethanol toxic necrosis of the larynx combined with necrotic dermatitis. Moreover, only four thyrotoxicosis cases due to Graves' disease have been reported. We report a case of 58-year-old female with a voluminous thyroid cystic nodule, occupying almost the entire left thyroid lobe...
2017: Case Reports in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462645/spontaneous-central-venous-thrombosis-and-shunt-occlusion-following-peritoneovenous-shunt-placement-for-intractable-ascites
#7
D Hariharan, E A Wilkes, G P Aithal, S J Travis, D N Lobo
A 43-year-old man had a peritoneovenous shunt inserted for the treatment of chylous ascites secondary to myelofibrosis. Despite being on anticoagulation for superior mesenteric vein thrombosis, he developed shunt dysfunction within two weeks of insertion. Superior venacavography showed multiple filling defects in the right axillary vein, no filling of the right brachiocephalic and right subclavian vein, and thrombotic occlusion of the internal jugular veins bilaterally. The shunt was removed 11 days after insertion, and there was extensive thrombosis of the venous end of the shunt and the compressible pump chamber...
May 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458311/thrombosis-in-an-internal-jugular-vein-and-an-upper-limb-deep-vein-treated-with-edoxaban
#8
Mizuho Toratani, Akiko Hayashi, Naoki Nishiyama, Hidehiko Nakamura, Ryuji Chida, Takaaki Komatsu, Shiro Nakahara, Sayuki Kobayashi, Isao Taguchi
A 45-year-old man complained of swelling of the left side of his neck and left upper limb. Ultrasonography and enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed thrombosis of the left internal jugular, subclavian, and brachiocephalic vein. Based on various examinations, the patient was diagnosed with idiopathic venous thrombosis early in his clinical course. There were no findings to suggest malignancy or abnormal coagulability. However, two months after the start of treatment, the patient was diagnosed with gastric cancer...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442970/incidental-detection-of-spontaneous-floating-internal-jugular-vein-thrombosis-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism
#9
Ali Jendoubi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441809/-esophageal-foreign-body-combined-with-internal-jugular-vein-thrombosis-a-case-report
#10
Q M Bao, Q Tang, G D Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416472/oesophageal-cancer-presenting-as-lemierre-s-syndrome-caused-by-streptococcus-anginosus
#11
Mohammed Osman, Saqib Hasan, Ghassan Bachuwa
A 59-year-old man presented to the emergency department with complaints of dysphagia, right-sided neck swelling, fever and chills. Physical examination was remarkable for fever and tender swelling over the right side of the neck. Laboratory investigations revealed leucocytosis with neutrophilia. CT of the neck showed right internal jugular vein thrombosis with an overlying abscess and a nodular opacity in the right lung apex with air locules. He underwent surgical drainage of the neck abscess. Aerobic cultures from the drainage and blood cultures grew Streptococcus anginosus Given his initial complaint of dysphagia, upper endoscopy was performed which showed a mass in the upper oesophagus...
April 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414658/septic-cerebral-venosinus-thrombosis-secondary-to-an-odontogenic-infection
#12
Hongvan Le, Shane Prejean, Madeleine Heck
BACKGROUND: Cerebral venosinus thrombosis (CVT); is an uncommon, potentially fatal disease that is more common in young adults and children. Thrombophilia, elevated estrogenic states, and infections are the most common risk factors in patients who develop CVT. CASE: A 69-year-old man with a right-sided odontogenic infection presented with fever, headache, opthalmoplegia, and periorbital swelling. Imaging revealed evidence of meningitis and thrombosis of bilateral ophthalmic veins, the cavernous sinus, right internal jugular vein, and sigmoid sinus...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367009/trauma-patients-warrant-upper-and-lower-extremity-venous-duplex-ultrasound-surveillance
#13
Alonso Andrade, Alan H Tyroch, Susan F McLean, Jody Smith, Alex Ramos
BACKGROUND: Due to the high incidence of thromboembolic events (deep venous thrombosis [DVT] and pulmonary embolus [PE]) after injury, many trauma centers perform lower extremity surveillance duplex ultrasounds. We hypothesize that trauma patients are at a higher risk of upper extremity DVTs (UEDVTs) than lower extremity DVTs (LEDVTs), and therefore, all extremities should be evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart and trauma registry review of Intensive Care Unit trauma patients with upper and LEDVTs detected on surveillance duplex ultrasound from January 2010 to December 2014 was carried out...
April 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359216/revisiting-ultrasound-guided-subclavian-axillary-vein-cannulations
#14
Mourad H Senussi, Phani C Kantamneni, Ali Omranian, Mani Latifi, Tarik Hanane, Eduardo Mireles-Cabodevila, Neal F Chaisson, Abhijit Duggal, Ajit Moghekar
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines for the prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infections suggest using "a subclavian site, rather than an internal jugular or a femoral site, in adult patients." This recommendation is based on evidence of lower rates of thrombosis and catheter-related bloodstream infections in patients with subclavian central venous catheters (CVCs) compared to femoral or internal jugular sites. However, preference toward a subclavian approach to CVC insertion is hindered by increased risk of mechanical complications, especially pneumothorax, when compared to other sites...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356671/brachial-plexus-compression-due-to-subclavian-artery-pseudoaneurysm-from-internal-jugular-vein-catheterization
#15
T N Mol, A Gupta, U Narain
Internal jugular vein (IJV) catheterization has become the preferred approach for temporary vascular access for hemodialysis. However, complications such as internal carotid artery puncture, vessel erosion, thrombosis, and infection may occur. We report a case of brachial plexus palsy due to compression by right subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm as a result of IJV catheterization in a patient who was under maintenance hemodialysis.
March 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355402/budd-chiari-syndrome-secondary-to-catheter-associated-inferior-vena-cava-thrombosis
#16
Gustavo N Araujo, Luciane M Restelatto, Carlos A Prompt, Cristina Karohl
INTRODUCTION: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk for thrombotic complications. The use of central venous catheters as dialysis vascular access additionally increases this risk. We describe the first case of Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) secondary to central venous catheter misplacement in a patient with CKD. CASE REPORT: A 30-year-old female patient with HIV/AIDS and CKD on hemodialysis was admitted to the emergency room for complaints of fever, prostration, and headache in the last six days...
March 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352635/pulmonary-embolism-and-internal-jugular-vein-thrombosis-as-evocative-clues-of-lemierre-s-syndrome-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Alfredo De Giorgi, Fabio Fabbian, Christian Molino, Elisa Misurati, Ruana Tiseo, Claudia Parisi, Benedetta Boari, Roberto Manfredini
Lemierre's syndrome (LS) is an uncommon condition with oropharyngeal infections, internal jugular vein thrombosis, and systemic metastatic septic embolization as the main features. Fusobacterium species, a group of strictly anaerobic Gram negative rod shaped bacteria, are advocated to be the main pathogen involved. We report a case of LS complicated by pulmonary embolism and pulmonary septic emboli that mimicked a neoplastic lung condition. A Medline search revealed 173 case reports of LS associated with internal jugular vein thrombosis that documented the type of microorganism...
March 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348801/chromobacterium-violaceum-infection-in-chronic-granulomatous-disease-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Zaal Meher-Homji, Rekha Pai Mangalore, Paul D R Johnson, Kyra Y L Chua
Introduction.Chromobacterium violaceum is an opportunistic human pathogen, associated with significant mortality, and has been reported in patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), a genetic condition causing impaired phagocytosis. Case presentation. A 28-year-old man with a history of CGD presented with fever, pharyngitis, cervical lymphadenopathy and internal jugular vein thrombosis, following travel to the rural Solomon Islands. C. violaceum was recovered from his blood. The patient recovered after treatment with meropenem and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole...
January 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331768/external-jugular-vein-thrombosis-as-a-sign-of-metastatic-breast-cancer
#19
Metin Yalaza, Mehmet Tolga Kafadar, Esra Yurduseven Çıvgın, Arife Polat Düzgün
External jugular vein thrombosis is a rare vascular event which may lead fatal complication such as sepsis and pulmonary embolism. Its relation to the visceral solid tumor as an etiologic factor has been established well. Although external jugular vein thrombosis may be seen in malignancy, it is unusual to see as a sign of breast cancer. Most of the external jugular vein thrombosis occurs secondary to compression of the vein. Vascular thrombosis due to hypercoagulability is known as Trousseau syndrome. Herein, we present a case of metastatic breast cancer which presented with external jugular vein thrombosis; Trousseau syndrome...
January 2017: Journal of Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317023/reduction-of-thrombosis-and-bacterial-infection-via-controlled-nitric-oxide-no-release-from-s-nitroso-n-acetylpenicillamine-snap-impregnated-carbosil-intravascular-catheters
#20
Yaqi Wo, Elizabeth J Brisbois, Jianfeng Wu, Zi Li, Terry C Major, Azmath Mohammed, Xianglong Wang, Alessandro Colletta, Joseph L Bull, Adam J Matzger, Chuanwu Xi, Robert H Bartlett, Mark E Meyerhoff
Nitric oxide (NO) has many important physiological functions, including its ability to inhibit platelet activation and serve as potent antimicrobial agent. The multiple roles of NO in vivo have led to great interest in the development of biomaterials that can deliver NO for specific biomedical applications. Herein, we report a simple solvent impregnation technique to incorporate a nontoxic NO donor, S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP), into a more biocompatible biomedical grade polymer, CarboSil 20 80A. The resulting polymer-crystal composite material yields a very stable, long-term NO release biomaterial...
March 13, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
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