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Shoulder dislocation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909126/medium-term-outcomes-of-the-universal-2-total-wrist-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#1
R Badge, K Kailash, D R Dickson, S Mahalingam, A Raza, A Birch, D Nuttall, S R Murali, M J Hayton, S Talwalkar, A C Watts, I A Trail
AIMS: The aims of this study were to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of the Universal-2 total wrist arthroplasty (TWA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective review of all 95 Universal-2 TWAs which were performed in our institution between 2003 to 2012 in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. A total of six patients were lost to follow-up and two died of unrelated causes. A total of ten patients had bilateral procedures...
December 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908322/-traumatic-bilateral-posterior-shoulder-dislocation-after-a-seizure
#2
Mazaher Azizpour, Peter Anton Suder, Rebekka Fonnesbæk
We report a rare case in which a 52-year-old man was found lying on the floor of a sauna. He was confused and complained of pain in both shoulders. He had previously had surgery of a benign meningioma. The initial X-ray examination of both shoulders showed bilateral posterior shoulder dislocation, but no fractures were detected. An attempt to reposition the shoulder dislocation was performed but with no success. Intraoperative examination on the next day detected bilateral fractures with partially destroyed joint head...
November 28, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904726/the-influence-of-arthroscopic-remplissage-for-engaging-hill-sachs-lesions-combined-with-bankart-repair-on-redislocation-and-shoulder-function-compared-with-bankart-repair-alone
#3
Sang-Hun Ko, Jae-Ryong Cha, Chae-Chil Lee, Il-Yeong Hwang, Chang-Gyu Choe, Min-Seok Kim
BACKGROUND: Recurrence of glenohumeral dislocation after arthroscopic Bankart repair can be associated with a large osseous defect in the posterosuperior part of the humeral head. Our hypothesis is that remplissage is more effective to prevent recurrence of glenohumeral instability without a severe motion deficit. METHODS: Engaging Hill-Sachs lesions were observed in 48 of 737 patients (6.5%). Twenty-four patients underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair combined with remplissage (group I) and the other 24 patients underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair alone (group II)...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904212/functional-outcome-after-primary-hemiarthroplasty-in-three-or-four-part-proximal-humerus-fracture-a-short-term-followup
#4
Saurabh Agarwal, Ashish Rana, Rajeev K Sharma
BACKGROUND: Several modalities of treatment are being used for the management of proximal humerus fractures. Primary hemiarthroplasty in proximal humerus fracture is indicated in three or four part fracture or fracture dislocations. It is also indicated if fracture involves a large area of articular cartilage loss and viability of head is doubtful. We studied the functional outcome of hemiarthroplasty in comminuted proximal humerus fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 29 patients of three or four part proximal humerus fractures, (according to Neer's classification) who underwent primary shoulder hemiarthroplasty were included in this retrospective study...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900701/elbow-instability-are-we-able-to-classify-it-review-of-the-literature-and-proposal-of-an-all-inclusive-classification-system
#5
REVIEW
A Marinelli, E Guerra, R Rotini
BACKGROUND: In the recent years, considerable improvements have come in biomechanical knowledge about the role of elbow stabilizers. In particular, the complex interactions among the different stabilizers when injured at the same time have been better understood. Anyway, uncertainties about both nomenclature and classification still exist in the definition of the different patterns of instability. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The authors examine the literature of the last 130 years about elbow instability classification, analyzing the intuitions and the value of each of them...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896323/intra-articular-lidocaine-versus-intravenous-sedative-and-analgesic-for-reduction-of-anterior-shoulder-dislocation
#6
Parvin Kashani, Fatemeh Asayesh Zarchi, Hamid Reza Hatamabadi, Abbas Afshar, Marzieh Amiri
OBJECTIVE: This prospective clinical trial was performed to compare the safety and efficiency of intra-articular lidocaine (IAL) versus intravenous sedative and analgesic (IVSA) in reduction of anterior shoulder dislocation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with anterior shoulder dislocation were randomly divided into 2 groups to receive IAL and IVSA. One group patients received an intravenous dose of 0.05 mg/kg midazolam and 1 μg/kg fentanyl, while the other group received 20 mL intra-articular lidocaine (1%)...
June 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876488/arthroscopic-subscapularis-augmentation-of-bankart-repair-in-chronic-anterior-shoulder-instability-with-bone-loss-less-than-25-and-capsular-deficiency-clinical-multicenter-study
#7
Marco Maiotti, Carlo Massoni, Raffaele Russo, Steffen Schroter, Antonio Zanini, Diana Bianchedi
PURPOSE: To assess the short-term outcomes of the arthroscopic subscapularis augmentation (ASA) technique, consisting of a tenodesis of the upper third of the subscapularis tendon and a Bankart repair, and its effect on shoulder external rotation. METHODS: Patients selected for this study were involved in contact sports, with a history of traumatic recurrent shoulder dislocations and a minimum of 2-year follow-up. Inclusion criteria were patients with glenoid bone loss (GBL) ranging from 5% to 25%, anterior capsular deficiency, and Hill-Sachs lesion who underwent ASA technique...
November 19, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872125/results-of-arthroscopic-bankart-repair-for-anterior-inferior-shoulder-instability-at-13-year-follow-up
#8
Mohamed Aboalata, Johannes E Plath, Gernot Seppel, Julia Juretzko, Stephan Vogt, Andreas B Imhoff
BACKGROUND: Anterior-inferior shoulder instability is a common injury in young patients, particularly those practicing overhead-throwing sports. Long-term results after open procedures are well studied and evaluated. However, the long-term results after arthroscopic repair and risk factors of recurrence require further assessment. HYPOTHESIS: Arthroscopic Bankart repair results are comparable with those of open repair as described in the literature. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
November 21, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863887/comfort-and-acceptability-of-various-immobilization-positions-using-a-shoulder-external-rotation-and-abduction-brace
#9
Taku Hatta, Nobuyuki Yamamoto, Hirotaka Sano, Eiji Itoi
BACKGROUND: Immobilization with shoulder braces is used for conservative treatment of an initial shoulder dislocation. Various arm positions have been investigated to determine optimal position in terms of the anatomical reduction of the Bankart lesion. Recently, the effect of immobilization in shoulder abduction as well as in external rotation has been reported. However, there are few studies assessing subjects' acceptability of the brace in various arm positions. We hypothesized that a certain arm position regarding abduction or external rotation for immobilization would induce significant discomfort during activities of daily living...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855874/the-importance-of-glenoid-version-in-patients-with-anterior-dislocation-of-the-shoulder
#10
Ümit Aygün, Yalkın Çalik, Cengiz Işik, Hilal Şahin, Rula Şahin, Derya Öktem Aygün
BACKGROUND: Although increased retroversion of the glenoid has been shown to be an important factor in posterior instability of the shoulder, there are few studies reporting glenoid bone structure as a risk factor in anterior dislocation of the shoulder. This study aimed to compare glenoid version in patients with anterior dislocation of the shoulder and individuals in a control group with no shoulder problems before undergoing computed tomography and to assess a possible relationship between demographic characteristics and glenoid version angle...
December 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825707/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-with-glenoid-bone-grafting-for-anterior-glenoid-rim-fracture-associated-with-glenohumeral-dislocation-and-proximal-humerus-fracture
#11
R Garofalo, F Brody, A Castagna, E Ceccarelli, S G Krishnan
BACKGROUND: Large fractures of the anterior glenoid rim can result in persisting instability and osteoarthritis of the glenohumeral joint When this fracture is associated with a glenohumeral dislocation and proximal humerus fracture could be a concern. The goal of this paper was to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes and complications of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) and glenoid bone graft in cases with a significant anterior glenoid fracture associated with a proximal humerus fracture...
November 4, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818977/functional-evaluation-of-repairs-to-circumferential-labral-lesions-of-the-glenoid-case-series
#12
Alexandre Tadeu do Nascimento, Gustavo Kogake Claudio
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical results among patients undergoing arthroscopic repair of circumferential labral lesions. METHODS: This was a retrospective study on 10 patients who underwent arthroscopic repair to circumferential labral lesions of the shoulder, between September 2012 and September 2015. The patients were evaluated by means of the Carter-Rowe score, DASH score, UCLA score, visual analog scale (VAS) for pain and Short-Form 36 (SF36). The average age at surgery was 29...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818896/midterm-results-of-coracoclavicular-stabilization-with-double-augmentation-for-acute-acromioclavicular-dislocation
#13
Sungwook Choi, Tong-Joo Lee, Myung-Ku Kim, Ji Eun Park, Hyunseong Kang
INTRODUCTION: Numerous techniques have been introduced for the treatment of acute acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation. We aim to report the midterm results of coracoclavicular (CC) stabilization with double augmentation for the acute AC joint dislocation. CASE DESCRIPTION: Forty-three patients who underwent surgery for acute AC joint dislocation were followed up for an average of 59.6 months (range 40-97). The study composed of two treatment groups: group S, with 25 patients, in whom two suture anchors were used; and group B, with 18 patients, in whom a suture anchor and a double flip-button device were used, however the techniques in both groups are based on the same principle which is double augmentation...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816690/multifragmentary-dislocated-humeral-head-fracture-a-case-report-of-a-successful-head-preserving-treatment-strategy-despite-delayed-presentation
#14
Matthias Bungartz, Georg Matziolis, Sebastian Rohe, Olaf Brinkmann
INTRODUCTION: Head preserving, delayed osteosynthesis five days after a luxated, multifragmentary humeral head fracture is rarely seen and a challenge for the surgeon. PRESENTATION OF CASE: This case history describes the case of a 69-year-old female with delayed head preserving treatment of a dislocated multifragmentary humeral head fracture using intramedullary nailing, avoiding a primary trauma arthroplasty after strict refusal of the patient despite poor prognosis and high risk of avascular humeral head necrosis...
October 29, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815009/comparison-of-intra-articular-findings-and-clinical-features-between-patients-with-symptomatic-anterior-instability-after-recurrent-shoulder-subluxation-and-dislocation
#15
Sang-Jin Shin, Young-Won Ko, Yoon Sang Jeon, Juyeob Lee, Rag Gyu Kim, Hyungki Baek
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of concomitant intra-articular pathologies and clinical manifestations after arthroscopic stabilization between patients with symptomatic anterior instabilities following recurrent shoulder subluxations and dislocations. METHODS: Among patients who underwent arthroscopic stabilization, 28 patients who experienced shoulder subluxations (subluxation group, 26.7 ± 1.8 years) and 84 who had shoulder dislocations (dislocation group, 25...
November 1, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800066/-anterior-shoulder-instabilities-about-73-cases
#16
Louaste Jamal, Hicham Bousbaa, Taoufik Cherrad, Mohammed Wahidi, Larbi Amhajji, Khalid Rachid
Between 2005 and 2014, 73 patients (77 shoulders) underwent Latarjet procedure for anterior shoulder instability. This retrospective study aims to evaluate the clinical and radiographic results of this surgical technique. Surgical intervention was performed to treat 69 cases with recurrent dislocation, 5 cases with recurrent painful subluxation and 3 cases with painful shoulder. All patients underwent radiographic evaluation before surgery and during the most recent medical control. According to Rowe score, 73 (94...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793408/main-component-of-soft-tissue-artifact-of-the-upper-limbs-with-respect-to-different-functional-daily-life-and-sports-movements
#17
Y Blache, R Dumas, A Lundberg, M Begon
Soft tissue artifact (STA) is the main source of error in kinematic estimation of human movements based on skin markers. Our objective was to determine the components of marker displacements that best describe STA of the shoulder and arm (i.e. clavicle, scapula and humerus). Four participants performed arm flexion and rotation, a daily-life and a sports movement. Three pins with reflective markers were inserted into the clavicle, scapula and humerus. In addition, up to seven skin markers were stuck on each segment...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793135/operative-treatment-of-2-part-surgical-neck-fractures-of-the-proximal-humerus-ao-11-a3-in-the-elderly-cement-augmented-locking-plate-philos%C3%A2-vs-proximal-humerus-nail-multiloc%C3%A2
#18
Tobias Helfen, Georg Siebenbürger, Marcel Mayer, Wolfgang Böcker, Ben Ockert, Florian Haasters
BACKGROUND: Proximal humeral fractures are with an incidence of 4-5 % the third most common fractures in the elderly. In 20 % of humeral fractures there is an indication for surgical treatment according to the modified Neer-Criteria. A secondary varus dislocation of the head fragment and cutting-out are the most common complications of angle stable locking plates in AO11-A3 fractures of the elderly. One possibility to increase the stability of the screw-bone-interface is the cement augmentation of the screw tips...
October 28, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781987/balloon-humeroplasty-reconstruction-for-acute-hill-sachs-injury-a-technical-note
#19
F Jacquot, D Zbili, J-M Feron, A Sautet, L Doursounian, A-C Masquelet
Posterior Hill-Sachs humeral defects are present in 80% to 100% of cases of anterior shoulder dislocation and are a factor in recurrent instability. Several techniques have been described to fill the defect and avoid recurrence. We developed a percutaneous technique to fill the newly created defect in which a percutaneous balloon, analogous to the one used in vertebral kyphoplasty, is used to reduce the defect, which is then filled with calcium phosphate cement. One patient with an acute anterior dislocation of the shoulder with no previous history was treated using this method...
September 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780512/a-six-months-old-neglected-anterior-shoulder-dislocation-managed-by-closed-reduction-and-latarjet-procedure
#20
Deepak Chaudhary, Deepak Joshi, Vineet Jain, Mukul Mohindra, Nitin Mehta
A neglected shoulder dislocation is a rarer entity and only few cases are reported in the literature. An anterior dislocation of the shoulder is rarely missed as patients present with limb in abduction and external rotation, an attitude very familiar to orthopaedic surgeon. Occasionally such cases are missed when they present with fracture of proximal humerus or when they receive treatment from unqualified practitioners who commonly practise in rural areas. Owing to very few reports there is paucity of literature and no standard treatment protocol exists for neglected anterior dislocation of the shoulder, though most such chronic cases are managed by open reduction...
October 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
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