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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007675/combination-of-probiotic-yeast-and-lactic-acid-bacteria-as-starter-culture-to-produce-maize-based-beverages
#1
Aline Galvão Tavares Menezes, Cíntia Lacerda Ramos, Disney Ribeiro Dias, Rosane Freitas Schwan
Cereal-based fermented beverages are non-dairy products which are considered possible carriers for probiotic strains and alternatives for use by vegans and lactose-intolerant consumers. In the present work, the commercial probiotic, Lactobacillus paracasei LBC-81, was used singly and in co-culture with potential probiotic yeasts, Saccharomyces cerevisiae CCMA 0731, S. cerevisiae CCMA 0732, and Pichia kluyveri CCMA 0615, to ferment a maize-based substrate. All tested strains showed viability higher than 6 log CFU/mL, as recommended for food probiotic products, except for the yeast P...
September 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982708/discussing-modern-poultry-farming-systems-insights-into-citizen-s-lay-theories
#2
W I Sonntag, A Spiller, M von Meyer-Höfer
A growing public concern, especially about animal welfare problems in poultry farming systems in the EU, has been addressed by numerous (mostly quantitative) studies. However, in-depth research about the underlying reasons for the lack of acceptance concerning modern poultry farming is rare. Debates on animal welfare are often polarized. Thus, this study involved 8 exploratory focus group discussions in 4 German cities. To understand the different positions and to simulate controversial debates on animal welfare, the study includes vegetarians/vegans (as a critical and involved group) and meat eaters...
July 5, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29981520/carbon-footprint-and-nutritional-quality-of-different-human-dietary-choices
#3
REVIEW
Sara González-García, Xavier Esteve-Llorens, Maria Teresa Moreira, Gumersindo Feijoo
Apart from industrial activities, our eating habits also have a significant environmental cost associated with crop cultivation, manufacturing processes, packaging, refrigeration, transport cooking and waste management. In a context of growing social awareness of the role of different dietary choices in the environment, the review of different alternatives on the road to a healthy and sustainable diet should integrate relevant information on the nutritional quality of different eating habits. Since dietary choices have an effect on environmental sustainability and human health, a literature review on different dietary choices has been conducted to determine the differences in carbon footprint and nutritional quality identifying the main hotspots trying to give advice towards the identification of sustainable diets...
July 4, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29978874/dietary-methionine-restriction-regulated-energy-and-protein-homeostasis-by-improving-thyroid-function-in-high-fat-diet-mice
#4
Yuhui Yang, Jiahong Zhang, Guoqing Wu, Jin Sun, Yanan Wang, Haitao Guo, Yonghui Shi, Xiangrong Cheng, Xue Tang, Guowei Le
Methionine-restricted diets (MRD) show an integrated series of beneficial health effects, including improving insulin sensitivity, limiting fat deposition, and decreasing oxidative stress, and inflammation responses. We aimed to explore the systemic responses to a MRD in mice fed with a high fat (HFD) and clarify the possible mechanism. Mice were fed with a control diet (0.86% methionine + 4% fat, CON), HFD (0.86% methionine + 20% fat), or MRD (0.17% methionine + 20% fat) for 22 consecutive weeks. HFD-fed mice showed widespread systemic metabolic disorders and thyroid dysfunction...
July 6, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971679/methylmalonic-acid-levels-and-their-relation-with-cobalamin-supplementation-in-spanish-vegetarians
#5
Angélica Gallego-Narbón, Belén Zapatera, Inmaculada Álvarez, M Pilar Vaquero
Cobalamin deficiency represents a health issue for vegetarians, especially vegans, if supplements are not consumed. Vitamin B12 serum levels, traditionally used to assess the vitamin B12 status, can be normal under functional deficiency conditions. In this regard, methylmalonic acid (MMA) has proven to be a more specific marker to detect subclinical vitamin B12 deficiency. In this study, we present for the first time the cobalamin status of Spanish vegetarians using both vitamin B12 and MMA markers, and the effects of the plant-based diet and the intake of vitamin B12 supplements...
July 3, 2018: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29955724/web-based-recruitment-and-survey-methodology-to-maximize-response-rates-from-followers-of-popular-diets-the-adhering-to-dietary-approaches-for-personal-taste-adapt-feasibility-survey
#6
Micaela C Karlsen, Alice H Lichtenstein, Christina D Economos, Sara C Folta, Gail Rogers, Paul F Jacques, Kara A Livingston, Katherine M Rancaño, Nicola M McKeown
Background: Although there is interest in popular diets such as vegan and vegetarian, Paleo, and other "whole food" diets, existing cohort studies lack data for these subgroups. The use of electronic data capture and Web-based surveys in nutrition research may be valuable for future studies by allowing targeting of specific dietary subgroups. Objective: The aim was to perform a Feasibility Survey (FS) to assess the practicality of Web-based research methods to gather data and to maximize response rates among followers of popular diets...
May 2018: Current developments in nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29948369/plant-versus-animal-based-diets-and-insulin-resistance-prediabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-the-rotterdam-study
#7
Zhangling Chen, Maria Geertruida Zuurmond, Niels van der Schaft, Jana Nano, Hanneke Anna Hendrikje Wijnhoven, Mohammad Arfan Ikram, Oscar Horacio Franco, Trudy Voortman
Vegan or vegetarian diets have been suggested to reduce type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk. However, not much is known on whether variation in the degree of having a plant-based versus animal-based diet may be beneficial for prevention of T2D. We aimed to investigate whether level of adherence to a diet high in plant-based foods and low in animal-based foods is associated with insulin resistance, prediabetes, and T2D. Our analysis included 6798 participants (62.7 ± 7.8 years) from the Rotterdam Study (RS), a prospective population-based cohort in the Netherlands...
June 8, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931273/vitamin-b-12-content-in-breast-milk-of-vegan-vegetarian-and-nonvegetarian-lactating-women-in-the-united-states
#8
Roman Pawlak, Paul Vos, Setareh Shahab-Ferdows, Daniela Hampel, Lindsay H Allen, Maryanne Tigchelaar Perrin
Background: The nutritional profile of human milk varies significantly between women, and the impact of maternal diet on these variations is not well understood. Objective: We analyzed breast-milk vitamin B-12 concentration and vitamin B-12 supplement use pattern among women who adhered to different dietary patterns: vegan, vegetarian, and nonvegetarian. Design: A total of 74 milk samples, 29 from vegan, 19 from vegetarian, and 26 from nonvegetarian breastfeeding mothers, were analyzed...
June 21, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909700/the-significant-role-of-amino-acids-during-pregnancy-nutritional-support
#9
Penelope D Manta-Vogli, Kleopatra H Schulpis, Yannis Dotsikas, Yannis L Loukas
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is characterized by a complexity of metabolic processes that may impact fetal development and infant health outcome. Normal fetal growth and development depend on a continuous supply of nutrients via the placenta. The placenta transports, utilizes, produces and interconverts amino acids (AAs). FINDINGS: Concentrations of both nonessential and essential AAs in maternal plasma decrease in early pregnancy and persist at low concentrations throughout...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904568/hormonal-and-dietary-factors-in-acne-vulgaris-versus-controls
#10
Thomas Jonathan Stewart, Carl Bazergy
Background : Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory skin disorder with not as yet fully understood pathogenesis. In this controlled study, we assessed acne vulgaris patients for several possible pathogenic factors such as vitamin D deficiency, vegan diet, increased body mass index (BMI) and positive anti-transglutaminase antibody. Methods : We screened 10 years of records at a family medicine clinic for patients diagnosed with acne vulgaris. In eligible subjects, we collected data regarding 25-hydroxylvitamin D levels, BMI, dietary preference and serum IgA tissue transglutaminase levels...
2018: Dermato-endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887784/can-nutrition-lower-the-risk-of-recurrence-in-breast-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Julia Weigl, Hans Hauner, Dagmar Hauner
Background: The impact of diet on breast cancer prognosis is poorly understood. Therefore, we conducted a literature search summarizing the current evidence on the effect of diet on breast cancer recurrence and mortality. Methods: The PubMed database was searched for original studies, reviews, and meta-analyses published between 2010 and 2017. Studies related to diet, dietary patterns, special diets or specific dietary factors, and breast cancer recurrence or mortality were included...
April 2018: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868910/anthropometric-and-physiologic-characteristics-in-white-and-british-indian-vegetarians-and-nonvegetarians-in-the-uk-biobank
#12
Tammy Yn Tong, Timothy J Key, Jakub G Sobiecki, Kathryn E Bradbury
Background: A detailed description of anthropometric and physiologic characteristics of persons in different diet groups is lacking. Objective: We aimed to perform cross-sectional analyses of diet group with anthropometric and physiologic characteristics in a large cohort in the United Kingdom. Design: The UK Biobank recruited ∼500,000 middle-aged participants throughout the United Kingdom in 2006-2010. Anthropometric indexes (height, weight, waist and hip circumference, body composition) and other physiologic characteristics (heel bone mineral density, grip strength, blood pressure, pulse rate) were measured following standardized protocols...
June 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867046/foods-and-supplements-associated-with-vitamin-b-12-biomarkers-among-vegetarian-and-non-vegetarian-participants-of-the-adventist-health-study-2-ahs-2-calibration-study
#13
Didit Damayanti, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, W Lawrence Beeson, Gary Fraser, Keiji Oda, Ella H Haddad
To investigate the association between plasma concentration of vitamin B12 and B12 intake from supplements, fortified foods, and animal source foods among vegetarians and non-vegetarians, we conducted a cross-sectional analysis among 728 participants of the Adventist Health Study 2 (AHS-2) calibration study. The median age of participants was 58 years, 65.4% were female, and 50.3% were White. We used six 24 h dietary recalls to measure B12 intake, serum vitamin B12 , and holotranscobalamin (holoTC) concentration...
June 4, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29795809/american-gut-an-open-platform-for-citizen-science-microbiome-research
#14
Daniel McDonald, Embriette Hyde, Justine W Debelius, James T Morton, Antonio Gonzalez, Gail Ackermann, Alexander A Aksenov, Bahar Behsaz, Caitriona Brennan, Yingfeng Chen, Lindsay DeRight Goldasich, Pieter C Dorrestein, Robert R Dunn, Ashkaan K Fahimipour, James Gaffney, Jack A Gilbert, Grant Gogul, Jessica L Green, Philip Hugenholtz, Greg Humphrey, Curtis Huttenhower, Matthew A Jackson, Stefan Janssen, Dilip V Jeste, Lingjing Jiang, Scott T Kelley, Dan Knights, Tomasz Kosciolek, Joshua Ladau, Jeff Leach, Clarisse Marotz, Dmitry Meleshko, Alexey V Melnik, Jessica L Metcalf, Hosein Mohimani, Emmanuel Montassier, Jose Navas-Molina, Tanya T Nguyen, Shyamal Peddada, Pavel Pevzner, Katherine S Pollard, Gholamali Rahnavard, Adam Robbins-Pianka, Naseer Sangwan, Joshua Shorenstein, Larry Smarr, Se Jin Song, Timothy Spector, Austin D Swafford, Varykina G Thackray, Luke R Thompson, Anupriya Tripathi, Yoshiki Vázquez-Baeza, Alison Vrbanac, Paul Wischmeyer, Elaine Wolfe, Qiyun Zhu, Rob Knight
Although much work has linked the human microbiome to specific phenotypes and lifestyle variables, data from different projects have been challenging to integrate and the extent of microbial and molecular diversity in human stool remains unknown. Using standardized protocols from the Earth Microbiome Project and sample contributions from over 10,000 citizen-scientists, together with an open research network, we compare human microbiome specimens primarily from the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia to one another and to environmental samples...
May 2018: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772294/a-model-of-the-dynamics-of-household-vegetarian-and-vegan-rates-in-the-u-k
#15
James Waters
Although there are many studies of determinants of vegetarianism and veganism, there have been no previous studies of how their rates in a population jointly change over time. In this paper, we present a flexible model of vegetarian and vegan dietary choices, and derive the joint dynamics of rates of consumption. We fit our model to a pseudo-panel with 23 years of U.K. household data, and find that while vegetarian rates are largely determined by current household characteristics, vegan rates are additionally influenced by their own lagged value...
August 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762334/toddler-s-paralysis-an-acute-case-of-leg-stiffening-in-a-previously-healthy-2-year-old
#16
Kimberly Renee Kahne, Ee Tein Tay
Vegetarian and vegan diets are gaining popularity in the United States. Although appropriately planned vegetarian diets, including vegan diets, are healthful and nutritionally adequate and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases, not all families are aware of the nutritional supplements that may be required for their children. We describe a case of a 2-year-old previously healthy child consuming a vegan diet who presented to the pediatric emergency department with an acute inability to move her legs...
June 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760008/acute-small-bowel-obstruction-in-a-child-with-a-strict-raw-vegan-diet
#17
Stefano Amoroso, Maria-Grazia Scarpa, Federico Poropat, Rita Giorgi, Flora Maria Murru, Egidio Barbi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748650/how-empathic-are-vegan-medical-professionals-compared-to-others-leads-from-a-paper-pencil-survey
#18
Christian S Kessler, Andreas Michalsen, Sophie Holler, Vijayendra S Murthy, Holger Cramer
The aim of this survey was to examine differences in personality profiles among 198 vegan (n = 64; 32.3%), vegetarian (n = 78; 39.4%) and omnivore (n = 55; 27.8%) medical professionals. Outcomes were motives for the nutritional approaches, WHO QoL-BREF, Big Five SOEP Inventory, Portraits Value Questionnaire, and Empathizing Scale. Regarding motives for particular diets, omnivores rated influence of guardians (p < 0.001), physical health (p = 0.017) and food taste (p = 0.001) as more and love of animals as less important (p < 0...
May 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706333/the-impact-of-vegan-production-on-the-kimchi-microbiome
#19
Michelle A Zabat, William H Sano, Damien J Cabral, Jenna I Wurster, Peter Belenky
Despite previous inquiry into the fermentative bacterial community of kimchi, there has been little insight into the impacts of starting ingredients on the establishment and dynamics of the microbial community. Recently some industrial producers have begun to utilize vegan production methods that omit fermented seafood ingredients. The community-level impacts of this change are unknown. In this study, we investigated the differences in the taxonomic composition of the microbial communities of non-vegan kimchi and vegan kimchi prepared through quick fermentation at room temperature...
September 2018: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704911/vegans-report-less-bothersome-vasomotor-and-physical-menopausal-symptoms-than-omnivores
#20
Bonnie Beezhold, Cynthia Radnitz, Robert E McGrath, Arielle Feldman
OBJECTIVES: Lifestyle modifications that may reduce menopausal symptoms have generated much interest. The vegetarian diet has been associated with a lower risk of chronic disease as well as a more healthy hormonal milieu. Our objective in this cross-sectional study was to survey peri- and postmenopausal women to investigate menopausal symptoms and dietary pattern. STUDY DESIGN: Survey distribution in 2015-2016 was aimed at female vegans, vegetarians, and omnivores between the ages of 45 and 80 years, who were active on senior and vegetarian social networking websites and at vegan restaurants and events...
June 2018: Maturitas
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