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Children and probiotics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914249/visual-pedagogy-and-probiotics-for-hearing-impaired-children-a-pilot-study
#1
Amrita Sujlana, Ruchika Goyal, Parampreet Pannu, Shireen Opal, Palki Bansal
CONTEXT: Oral health care for children with special needs remains largely unmet. It is important that we should focus on preventive strategies for special children to help curtail and prevent oral diseases. AIM: This study aimed to assess the effect of visual pedagogy and probiotic mouth rinse on the periodontal health of hearing impaired children. MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY: The study cohort consisted of twenty children with hearing impairment (HI) and 20 age-matched healthy children...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901336/vitamin-d-and-probiotics-supplement-use-in-young-children-with-genetic-risk-for-type-1-diabetes
#2
J Yang, R N Tamura, U M Uusitalo, C A Aronsson, K Silvis, A Riikonen, N Frank, G Joslowski, C Winkler, J M Norris, S M Virtanen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D and probiotics are nutrients of interest in the context of type 1 diabetes (T1D). We assessed the prevalence of and factors associated with vitamin D and probiotic supplementations among young children with genetic risk of T1D. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Use of supplements during the first 2 years of life was collected prospectively from 8674 children in The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study. RESULTS: Single and/or multivitamin/mineral (MVM) supplements were reported by 81% of the children...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898911/lactobacilus-delbrueckii-subsp-bulgaricus-modulates-the-secretion-of-th1-th2-and-treg-cell-related-cytokines-by-pbmcs-from-patients-with-atopic-dermatitis
#3
Abdolkarim Sheikhi, Hojjat Giti, Mohammad Reza Heibor, Abdollah Jafarzadeh, Mansour Shakerian, Narges Baharifar, Fereidon Niruzad, Ali Sadeghi Moghaddam, Parviz Kokhaei, Mohammad Baghaeifar
Background Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an inflammatory skin disease which may be due to the imbalance between Th1-, Th2 and Treg cell-related immune responses. Evidences suggest that appropriate stimulation with probiotics may correct the skewed immune response in children with AD. The aim was to determine the effects of the yogurt culture lactobacillus Bulgaricus on the secretion of Th1/Th2/Treg type cytokines by PBMCs from children with AD. MethodsL. Bulgaricus was cultivated on MRS broth. The PBMCs from 20 children with AD were separated by Ficoll-Hypaque centrifugation and co-cultured with different concentrations of UV killed bacteria in RPMI-1640 plus 10% FCS for 48/72 h...
September 12, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891576/in-vitro-assessment-of-the-ability-of-probiotics-blueberry-and-food-carbohydrates-to-prevent-s-pyogenes-adhesion-on-pharyngeal-epithelium-and-modulate-immune-responses
#4
Valentina Taverniti, Alessandro Dalla Via, Mario Minuzzo, Cristian Del Bo', Patrizia Riso, Hanne Frøkiær, Simone Guglielmetti
Group A streptococci (GAS) cause 20-30% of pediatric pharyngitis episodes, which are a major cause of ambulatory care visits. Therefore, a strategy to prevent GAS dissemination in children could significantly benefit public healthcare. Contextually, we assessed the possibility of employing alternative food-grade strategies to be used with the oral probiotic L. helveticus MIMLh5 for the prevention of pharyngeal infections. First, we demonstrated through an antagonism-by-exclusion assay that guaran may potentially prevent S...
September 11, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886400/breastfeeding-increases-microbial-community-resilience
#5
Isabel I Carvalho-Ramos, Rubens T D Duarte, Katia Brandt, Marina B Martinez, Carla R Taddei
OBJECTIVE: Since the present group had already described the composition of the intestinal microbiota of Brazilian infants under low social economic level, the aim of the present study was to analyze the microbial community structure changes in this group of infants during their early life due to external factors. METHODS: Fecal samples were collected from 11 infants monthly during the first year of life. The infants were followed regarding clinical and diet information and characterized according to breastfeeding practices...
September 5, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884902/the-role-of-elimination-diets-in-atopic-dermatitis-a-comprehensive-review
#6
REVIEW
Neil R Lim, Mary E Lohman, Peter A Lio
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Diet is a common concern for individuals with atopic dermatitis (AD) and their families. Studies regarding the effect of dietary interventions on AD exist, but many are limited by small size and poor design. Conflicting results present a challenge to clinicians seeking to counsel patients. The aim of the current review is to examine the published literature and generate helpful conclusions for clinicians faced with dietary questions in AD. METHODS: A PubMed search was performed focusing on dietary interventions for AD in children and adults through July 2016...
September 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884476/probiotics-for-preventing-urinary-tract-infection-in-people-with-neuropathic-bladder
#7
REVIEW
Swee-Ling Toh, Claire L Boswell-Ruys, Bon San B Lee, Judy M Simpson, Kate R Clezy
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic or neurogenic bladder describes a process of dysfunctional voiding as the result of injury in the brain, spinal cord or nerves innervating the bladder. People with neuropathic bladder, such as from spinal cord injury (SCI), are at significant risk of morbidity from urinary tract infections (UTI). Effective methods to prevent UTI in people with SCI have been sought for many years. Probiotics (micro-organisms that exert beneficial health effects in the host) have been recommended for bacterial interference of the urological tract to reduce colonisation by uropathogen and to manage the dual problems of infection and antibiotic resistance...
September 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871492/frequency-of-antibiotic-associated-diarrhea-and-related-complications-in-pediatric-patients-who-underwent-hypospadias-repair-a-comparative-study-using-probiotics-vs-placebo
#8
Ciro Esposito, Agnese Roberti, Francesco Turrà, Mariapina Cerulo, Giovanni Severino, Alessandro Settimi, Maria Escolino
This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of probiotics (Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG), as a preventive measure of antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) in children who underwent hypospadias repair and its clinical consequences on postoperative outcome, comparing the group treated with probiotics + antibiotics with two control groups (only antibiotics and antibiotics + placebo). We performed a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study with three groups of patients (30 boys for each group) who underwent hypospadias repair in our unit from March 2016 to December 2016...
September 4, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865830/daily-intake-of-probiotic-lactobacilli-may-reduce-caries-risk-in-young-children
#9
Elizabeth Krall Kaye
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Probiotic compared with standard milk for high-caries children: A cluster randomized trial. Rodríguez G, Ruiz B, Faleiros S, Vistoso A, Marró ML, Sánchez J, Urzúa I, Cabello R. J Dent Res 2016;95(4):402-7. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Chilean Government (CONICYT FONIS SA11I2035) TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Cluster randomized controlled trial.
September 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856905/can-probiotics-enhance-vaccine-specific-immunity-in-children-and-adults
#10
J Y Kwak, E S N Lamousé-Smith
The growing use of probiotics by the general public has heightened the interest in understanding the role of probiotics in promoting health and preventing disease. General practitioners and specialists often receive inquiries from their patients regarding probiotic products and their use to ward off systemic infection or intestinal maladies. Enhanced immune function is among the touted health benefits conferred by probiotics but has not yet been fully established. Results from recent clinical trials in adults suggest a potential role for probiotics in enhancing vaccine-specific immunity...
August 31, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853996/effect-of-probiotic-strain-lactobacillus-acidophilus-lbkv-3-on-fecal-residual-lactase-activity-in-undernourished-children-below-10-year
#11
Sunil Tulshiram Hajare, Genene Bekele
Clinically proven Lactobacillus acidophilus strain LBKV-3 intended as probiotc for human was used to test its effect on fecal residual lactase activity in undernourished children below 10 years. The children were selected from malnutrition declared area of Maharashtra (India). One of the major causes of malnutrition is lactose intolerance which leads to diarrhea. The basic consideration in selecting the probiotic strain of Lactobacillus acidophilus-LBKV3 in this investigation was the fact that the organism is isolated from human vaginal surface swab and it was found extensively studied for probiotic characteristic...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851857/effect-of-probiotic-lactobacilli-on-the-growth-of-streptococcus-mutans-and-multispecies-biofilms-isolated-from-children-with-active-caries
#12
Xiaolong Lin, Xi Chen, Yan Tu, Sa Wang, Hui Chen
BACKGROUND The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effect of probiotic lactobacilli on Streptococcus mutans (MS) and multispecies biofilms isolated from children with severe caries. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty children with active caries (DMFS ≥6) were selected as the experimental group and Streptococcus mutans (MS) were isolated from their saliva. After identification the MS strains were mixed with lactobacilli at 37°C, following which viable MS colonies were counted. At the same time dental plaques from the children were mixed with lactobacilli in vitro to form biofilms, and the population of nine common strains in the biofilms was enumerated after 24 hours of growth...
August 30, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837512/the-management-of-acute-pancreatitis-in-the-pediatric-population-a-clinical-report-from-the-naspghan-pancreas-committee
#13
Maisam Abu-El-Haija, Soma Kumar, J Antonio Quiros, Keshawadhana Balakrishnan, Bradley Barth, Samuel Bitton, John F Eisses, Elsie Jazmin Foglio, Victor Fox, Denease Francis, A Jay Freeman, Tanja Gonska, Amit S Grover, Sohail Z Husain, Rakesh Kumar, Sameer Lapsia, Tom Lin, Quin Y Liu, Asim Maqbool, Zachary M Sellers, Flora Szabo, Aliye Uc, Steven L Werlin, Veronique D Morinville
BACKGROUND: While the incidence of acute pancreatitis (AP) in children is increasing, management recommendations rely on adult published guidelines. Pediatric-specific recommendations are needed. METHODS: The NASPGHAN Pancreas committee performed a MEDLINE review using several pre-selected key terms relating to management considerations in adult and pediatric AP. The literature was summarized, quality of evidence reviewed, and statements of recommendations developed...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835355/efficacy-of-lactobacillus-reuteri-dsm-17938-for-the-treatment-of-acute-gastroenteritis-in-children-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Henryk Szymański, Hania Szajewska
BACKGROUND: Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is one of the most common diseases among children. Oral rehydration therapy is the key treatment. However, despite proven efficacy, it remains underused. This is because oral rehydration solution neither reduces the frequency of bowel movements and fluid loss nor shortens the duration of illness. Hence, there is interest in adjunctive treatments. According to the 2014 guidelines developed by the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, the use of the following probiotics may be considered in the management of children with AGE in addition to rehydration therapy: Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (low quality of evidence; strong recommendation) and Saccharomyces boulardii (low quality of evidence; strong recommendation)...
August 23, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827186/probiotics-and-antibiotic-associated-diarrhea-in-children-a-review-and-new-evidence-on-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-gg-during-and-after-antibiotic-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Cecilia Mantegazza, Paola Molinari, Enza D'Auria, Micol Sonnino, Lorenzo Morelli
Antibiotic associated diarrhea (AAD) is a common complication in childhood in the outpatient and inpatient settings. This review provides up to date information on the use of probiotics in the prevention and treatment of AAD, including that from Clostridium Difficile, in children. The most recently systematic reviews and subsequently published randomized controlleds trials are considered. Different single and multistrain probiotics are described; a specific recommendation for the use of Lactobacillus Rhamnosus GG (LGG) and Saccharomyces boulardii (Sb) emerges...
August 18, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818050/administration-of-two-probiotic-strains-during-early-childhood-does-not-affect-the-endogenous-gut-microbiota-composition-despite-probiotic-proliferation
#16
Martin Frederik Laursen, Rikke Pilmann Laursen, Anni Larnkjær, Kim F Michaelsen, Martin Iain Bahl, Tine Rask Licht
BACKGROUND: Probiotics are increasingly applied to prevent and treat a range of infectious, immune related and gastrointestinal diseases. Despite this, the mechanisms behind the putative effects of probiotics are poorly understood. One of the suggested modes of probiotic action is modulation of the endogenous gut microbiota, however probiotic intervention studies in adults have failed to show significant effects on gut microbiota composition. The gut microbiota of young children is known to be unstable and more responsive to external factors than that of adults...
August 17, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813007/the-efficacy-of-bifidobacterium-longum-bori-and-lactobacillus-acidophilus-ad031-probiotic-treatment-in-infants-with-rotavirus-infection
#17
Myeong Soo Park, Bin Kwon, Seockmo Ku, Geun Eog Ji
A total of 57 infants hospitalized with rotavirus disease were included in this study. The children were randomly divided into the study's two treatment groups: three days of the oral administration of (i) a probiotics formula containing both Bifidobacterium longum BORI and Lactobacillus acidophilus AD031 (N = 28); or (ii) a placebo (probiotic-free skim milk, N = 29) and the standard therapy for diarrhea. There were no differences in age, sex, or blood characteristics between the two groups. When the 57 cases completed the protocol, the duration of the patients' diarrhea was significantly shorter in the probiotics group (4...
August 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795659/role-of-mycotoxins-in-the-pathobiology-of-autism-a-first-evidence
#18
Barbara De Santis, Carlo Brera, Alessandra Mezzelani, Sabina Soricelli, Francesca Ciceri, Giorgio Moretti, Francesca Debegnach, Maria Clara Bonaglia, Laura Villa, Massimo Molteni, Maria Elisabetta Raggi
OBJECTIVES: Gene-environment interaction is an emerging hypothesis to expound not only the autism pathogenesis but also the increased incidence of neurodevelopmental disorders (such as autistic spectrum disorder, attention-deficit, hyperactivity disorder). Among xenobiotics, mycotoxins are worldwide contaminants of food that provoke toxicological effects, crucially resembling several symptoms associated with autism such as oxidative stress, intestinal permeability, and inflammation. Here, we focused on a group of mycotoxins to test their role in the manifestation of autism, try to explain their mechanism of action, and discuss possible preventive and therapeutic interventions...
August 10, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795339/impact-of-nasopharyngeal-microbiota-on-the-development-of-respiratory-tract-diseases
#19
REVIEW
S Esposito, N Principi
Knowledge of whether and how respiratory microbiota composition can prime the immune system and provide colonisation resistance, limiting consecutive pathobiont overgrowth and infections, is essential to improving the prevention and therapy of respiratory disorders. Modulation of dysbiotic ecosystems or reconstitution of missing microbes might be a possible measure to reduce respiratory diseases. The aim of this review is to analyse the role of nasopharyngeal microbiota in the development of respiratory tract disease in paediatric-age subjects...
August 9, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792444/role-of-microbial-modulation-in-management-of-atopic-dermatitis-in-children
#20
REVIEW
Lies Hulshof, Belinda Van't Land, Aline B Sprikkelman, Johan Garssen
The pathophysiology of atopic dermatitis (AD) is multifactorial and is a complex interrelationship between skin barrier, genetic predisposition, immunologic development, skin microbiome, environmental, nutritional, pharmacological, and psychological factors. Several microbial modulations of the intestinal microbiome with pre- and/or probiotics have been used in AD management, with different clinical out-come (both positive, as well as null findings). This review provides an overview of the clinical evidence from trials in children from 2008 to 2017, aiming to evaluate the effect of dietary interventions with pre- and/or pro-biotics for the treatment of AD...
August 9, 2017: Nutrients
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