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Children and probiotics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334433/dietary-interventions-for-recurrent-abdominal-pain-in-childhood
#1
REVIEW
Tamsin V Newlove-Delgado, Alice E Martin, Rebecca A Abbott, Alison Bethel, Joanna Thompson-Coon, Rebecca Whear, Stuart Logan
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the original Cochrane review, last published in 2009 (Huertas-Ceballos 2009). Recurrent abdominal pain (RAP), including children with irritable bowel syndrome, is a common problem affecting between 4% and 25% of school-aged children. For the majority of such children, no organic cause for their pain can be found on physical examination or investigation. Many dietary inventions have been suggested to improve the symptoms of RAP. These may involve either excluding ingredients from the diet or adding supplements such as fibre or probiotics...
March 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322366/the-efficacy-of-xylitol-xylitol-probiotic-and-fluoride-dentifrices-in-plaque-reduction-and-gingival-inflammation-in-children-a-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial
#2
Eda Arat Maden, Ceyhan Altun, Cengizhan Açikel
PURPOSE: The present prospective, randomised, placebo-controlled, clinical trial was designed to evaluate the clinical effects of a commercially available dentifrice containing fluoride, xylitol or xylitol-probiotic on the decrease of plaque and gingival inflammation in children between 13 and 15 years of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight adolescents were randomly grouped into three groups of n = 16 each: study group A received xylitol (Xyliwhite) toothpaste; study group B received xylitol-probiotic (Periobiotic) toothpaste; and the control group C received fluoride (Colgate Max Fresh) toothpaste...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294322/probiotics-are-a-good-choice-in-remission-of-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Mahboube Ganji-Arjenaki, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
Altered gut bacteria and bacterial metabolic pathways are two important factors in initiation and progression of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, efficacy of probiotics in remission of patients with IBD has not been characterized. This study was performed on the studies that specifically assessed the efficacy of probiotics in attaining clinical response on patients with various types of IBD. The efficacy of variant species of probiotics in different conditions and the influence of study quality in outcomes of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were also assessed...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284477/lactobacillus-casei-rhamnosus-lcr35-in-the-management-of-functional-constipation-in-children-a-randomized-trial
#4
Katarzyna Wojtyniak, Andrea Horvath, Piotr Dziechciarz, Hania Szajewska
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of Lactobacillus casei rhamnosus Lcr35 (Lcr35) in the management of functional constipation in children. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in 94 children aged <5 years with functional constipation according to the Rome III criteria. Children were assigned to receive Lcr35 (8 × 10(8) colony-forming units, n = 46) or placebo (n = 48), twice daily, for 4 weeks. The primary outcome measure was treatment success, defined as 3 or more spontaneous stools per week, without episodes of fecal soiling, in the last week of the intervention...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280685/catheter-related-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-fungemia-following-saccharomyces-boulardii-probiotic-treatment-in-a-child-in-intensive-care-unit-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Serkan Atıcı, Ahmet Soysal, Kıvılcım Karadeniz Cerit, Şerife Yılmaz, Burak Aksu, Gürsu Kıyan, Mustafa Bakır
Although Saccharomyces boulardii is usually a non-pathogenic fungus, in rare occasions it can cause invasive infection in children. We present the case of an 8-year-old patient in pediatric surgical intensive care unit who developed S. cerevisiae fungemia following probiotic treatment containing S. boulardii. Caspofungin was not effective in this case and he was treated with amphotericin B. We want to emphasize that physicians should be careful about probiotic usage in critically ill patients.
March 2017: Medical Mycology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272692/gelatin-tannate-and-tyndallized-probiotics-a-novel-approach-for-treatment-of-diarrhea
#6
L Lopetuso, C Graziani, A Guarino, A Lamborghini, S Masi, V Stanghellini
OBJECTIVE: Intestinal permeability impairment is implicated in many gastrointestinal (GI) diseases. Chronic diarrhea, defined as the presence of diarrhea for more than 3 weeks in adults and 2 weeks in children, requires a different diagnostic and therapeutic work-up than acute diarrhea. Gelatin tannate, by reducing the clinical activity of acute colitis and the proinflammatory effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), is emerging as a mucosal barrier protector. MATERIALS AND METHODS: New therapeutic strategies focusing on the physiological function of the intestinal barrier, may offer an innovative approach for the clinical improvement of highly debilitating chronic GI diseases...
February 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271213/the-influence-of-probiotics-for-preterm-neonates-on-the-incidence-of-atopic-dermatitis-results-from-a-historically-controlled-cohort-study
#7
Julie A Damm, Birgitte Smith, Gorm Greisen, Karen A Krogfelt, Maja-Lisa Clausen, Tove Agner
Probiotic supplementation is a promising preventive strategy for atopic dermatitis (AD). To help clarifying the significance of timing with respect to prevention of AD, we here evaluate the benefit of prophylactic use of probiotic supplementation in neonates younger than 30 weeks of gestation. Preterm children from the Department of Neonatology, Rigshospitalet, Denmark from two different admission periods were included in a historically controlled cohort study. Neonates from January 2007 to February 2010, not treated with and neonates from March 2010 to February 2013 treated with probiotic were enrolled...
March 7, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270216/bifidobacterium-mixture-b-longum-bb536-b-infantis-m-63-b-breve-m-16v-treatment-in-children-with-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis-and-intermittent-asthma
#8
Michele Miraglia Del Giudice, Cristiana Indolfi, Michele Capasso, Nunzia Maiello, Fabio Decimo, Giorgio Ciprandi
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) and allergic asthma are caused by an IgE-mediated inflammatory reaction. Probiotics may exert anti-inflammatory and immune-modulatory activity. Thus, this study aimed at investigating whether a Bifidobacteria mixture could be able to relieve nasal symptoms, and affect quality of life (QoL) in children with AR and intermittent asthma due to Parietaria allergy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted as placebo-controlled, double-blinded, and randomized...
March 7, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270173/efficacy-of-a-mixture-of-probiotic-agents-as-complementary-therapy-for-chronic-functional-constipation-in-childhood
#9
Marina Russo, Francesca Paola Giugliano, Paolo Quitadamo, Valeria Mancusi, Erasmo Miele, Annamaria Staiano
BACKGROUND: About 30% of constipated children continue to struggle with constipation beyond puberty. Growing interest has recently raised on the use of probiotics as complementary therapy for FC, in order to prevent the possible PEG-related intestinal dysbiosis. Our study aimed at evaluating the effect on childhood FC of a probiotic mixture (PM), including Bifidobacteria breve M-16 V®, infantis M-63®, and longum BB536®. METHODS: Fifty-five consecutive children suffering from FC were randomly assigned into two groups: group A received a daily oral combination of PEG plus PM and group B received oral PEG only...
March 7, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236205/influence-of-oral-probiotic-streptococcus-salivarius-k12-on-ear-and-oral-cavity-health-in-humans-systematic-review
#10
Katarina Zupancic, Valentina Kriksic, Irena Kovacevic, Dujo Kovacevic
Traditionally, probiotics are linked to the good health of the intestine and most clinical studies focus on that field. Evidence of oral probiotic use for ear and oral cavity disease prevention with impact on human health is limited. This work reviews existing studies and literature on Streptococcus salivarius K12 as an oral probiotic and effects of S. salivarius K12 on human ear and oral cavity human health. The studies were accessed via database searches: MEDLINE, PubMed, and Elsevier. The search included/focused on/encompassed publications from 2003 to 2016 with keywords related to K12 Streptococcus salivarius, bacteriocin-like inhibitory substances (BLIS) K12, probiotic K12 salivarius, and K12 probiotic health effects...
February 24, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230607/effects-of-probiotics-on-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#11
Fatemeh Famouri, Zainab Shariat, Mahin Hashemipour, Mojtaba Keikha, Roya Kelishadi
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the effects of some probiotics on sonographic and biochemical nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: This randomized triple-blind trial was conducted among 64 obese children with sonographic NAFLD. They were randomly allocated to receive probiotic capsule (containing Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC B3208, 3 × 10 colony forming units [CFU]; Bifidobacterium lactis DSMZ 32269, 6 × 10 CFU; Bifidobacterium bifidum ATCC SD6576, 2 × 10 CFU; Lactobacillus rhamnosus DSMZ 21690, 2 × 10 CFU) or placebo for 12 weeks...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209661/non-topical-management-of-recalcitrant-paediatric-atopic-dermatitis
#12
REVIEW
Jin Ho Chong, Mark Jean Aan Koh
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common chronic, pruritic skin disease in children. As the incidence of AD increases, especially in high-income countries, paediatricians may see an increasing number of recalcitrant AD cases in their practice. Although these cases are principally managed by paediatric dermatologists, it is important for paediatricians to be aware of the use and side effects of non-topical treatment like phototherapy and systemic agents as well as the evidence for alternative treatment, which caregivers may ask about...
February 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187880/-management-and-prevention-of-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy-contribution-of-community-pharmacists
#13
C Rouelle, A Arion, V Prevost
Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) is a public health issue in children whose quality of life is strongly affected. The objective of this article is to review the present state of knowledge on the CMPA, and highlight some emerging alternatives in its management and in its prevention. Good knowledge in the appropriate infant formula, exclusion diets, the handling of the emergency treatment thanks to the use of epinephrine auto-injector pens, the use of personalized care project and accessibility to allergic patients' association are factors that secure the management...
February 7, 2017: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155088/the-enigmatic-gut-in-cystic-fibrosis-linking-inflammation-dysbiosis-and-the-increased-risk-of-malignancy
#14
REVIEW
Millie Garg, Chee Y Ooi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Intestinal inflammation, dysbiosis, and increased gastrointestinal malignancy risks are well-described in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). However, there is limited understanding of their pathophysiology. This review aims to discuss these issues and assess potential links between them. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence of links between intestinal inflammation and dysbiosis (an imbalance in intestinal microbial populations) exist. Recent studies have demonstrated reduction in intestinal inflammation with probiotic administration...
February 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131521/espen-guideline-clinical-nutrition-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#15
Alastair Forbes, Johanna Escher, Xavier Hébuterne, Stanisław Kłęk, Zeljko Krznaric, Stéphane Schneider, Raanan Shamir, Kalina Stardelova, Nicolette Wierdsma, Anthony E Wiskin, Stephan C Bischoff
INTRODUCTION: The ESPEN guideline presents a multidisciplinary focus on clinical nutrition in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODOLOGY: The guideline is based on extensive systematic review of the literature, but relies on expert opinion when objective data were lacking or inconclusive. The conclusions and 64 recommendations have been subject to full peer review and a Delphi process in which uniformly positive responses (agree or strongly agree) were required...
December 31, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114246/safety-of-bifidobacterium-animalis-subsp-lactis-b-lactis-strain-bb-12-supplemented-yogurt-in-healthy-children
#16
Tina P Tan, Zhaoyong Ba, Mary E Sanders, Frank J D'Amico, Robert F Roberts, Keisha H Smith, Daniel J Merenstein
OBJECTIVES: Probiotics are live microorganisms that may provide health benefits to the individual when consumed in sufficient quantities. For studies conducted on health or disease endpoints on probiotics in the United States, the Food and Administration has required those studies to be conducted as investigational new drugs. This phase I, double-blinded, randomized, controlled safety study represents the first requirement of this pathway. The purpose of the study was to determine the safety of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108106/do-children-just-grow-out-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#17
Eleonora Giannetti, Marco Maglione, Elisa Sciorio, Vincenzo Coppola, Erasmo Miele, Annamaria Staiano
OBJECTIVE: Few data exist on natural history of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in children; therefore we investigated symptoms evolution over time in a cohort of children with IBS. STUDY DESIGN: In this observational, single-center study, we prospectively enrolled newly diagnosed children with IBS and reassessed them after 24 months. At both time points, patients completed a symptoms questionnaire, and a score of stool consistency was obtained. The therapeutic strategy adopted was also recorded...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107866/potential-of-zimbabwean-commercial-probiotic-products-and-strains-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-as-prophylaxis-and-therapy-against-diarrhoea-caused-by-escherichia-coli-in-children
#18
Walter Chingwaru, Jerneja Vidmar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential of commercial fermented products sold in the country, and strains of Lactobacillus plantarum (L. plantarum) as prophylaxis and therapy against diarrhoea in children. METHODS: The antimicrobial potential of cultures of lactobacilli enriched from 4 Zimbabwean commercial food/beverage products: Dairibord Lacto sour milk (DLSM), Probrand sour milk (PSM), Kefalos Vuka cheese (KVC) and Chibuku opaque beer (COB); and four strains of L...
January 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104319/the-mexican-consensus-on-probiotics-in-gastroenterology
#19
M A Valdovinos, E Montijo, A T Abreu, S Heller, A González-Garay, D Bacarreza, M Bielsa-Fernández, M C Bojórquez-Ramos, F Bosques-Padilla, A I Burguete-García, R Carmona-Sánchez, A Consuelo-Sánchez, E Coss-Adame, J A Chávez-Barrera, M de Ariño, J Flores-Calderón, O Gómez-Escudero, M S González-Huezo, M E Icaza-Chávez, A Larrosa-Haro, M Morales-Arámbula, C Murata, J A Ramírez-Mayans, J M Remes-Troche, T Rizo-Robles, M Peláez-Luna, E M Toro-Monjaraz, A Torre, M E Urquidi-Rivera, R Vázquez, J K Yamamoto-Furusho, F Guarner
INTRODUCTION: Probiotics are frequently prescribed in clinical practice. Their efficacy in treating gastrointestinal disorders is supported by a significant number of clinical trials. However, the correct prescription of these agents is hampered due to a lack of knowledge of the scientific evidence and to the different presentations and microbial compositions of the probiotics that are currently available. AIM: To provide the clinician with a consensus review of probiotics and recommendations for their use in gastroenterology...
January 16, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100322/-association-between-risk-factors-during-maternal-pregnancy-and-the-neonatal-period-and-childhood-bronchial-asthma
#20
Hui-Qin Zhang, Rui Fan, Jing-Jing Zhang, Xiao-Juan Tao, Xin Sun
OBJECTIVE: To study the association of the risk factors during maternal pregnancy and the neonatal period with childhood bronchial asthma. METHODS: A total of 306 children with asthma (asthma group) and 250 healthy children (control group) were enrolled. Their clinical data during the neonatal period and the maternal data during pregnancy were retrospectively studied. RESULTS: The univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in the rates of maternal use of antibiotics during pregnancy, use of antibiotics and probiotics during the neonatal period, preterm birth, cesarean section, low birth weight, and breast feeding (>6 months) between the asthma and control groups (P<0...
January 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
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