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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145858/cognitive-appraisal-of-exposure-to-specific-types-of-trauma-a-study-of-gender-differences
#1
Dana-Cristina Herta, Bogdan Nemes, Doina Cozman
BACKGROUND: The role of gender in posttraumatic cognitions has increasingly been approached. The current study comparatively evaluates posttraumatic cognitions in men and women exposed to specific nonsexual trauma (motor vehicle accidents, work - related accidents, burns). METHODS: Posttraumatic cognitions and posttraumatic stress symptoms were comparatively assessed in 53 men and 37 women treated in 3 Romanian primary care units after specific accidental trauma...
November 16, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143267/hamstring-injury-prevention-practices-in-elite-sport-evidence-for-eccentric-strength-vs-lumbo-pelvic-training
#2
REVIEW
Anthony J Shield, Matthew N Bourne
Hamstring strain injuries are endemic in running-based sports. Given the economic and performance implications of these injuries, a significant body of research has emerged in recent years in an attempt to identify risk factors and develop or optimise injury prevention strategies. Surveys of injury prevention practices among medical and conditioning staff in elite sport suggest that many sporting clubs invest significant efforts in eccentric hamstring conditioning and lumbo-pelvic or trunk stability programmes...
November 15, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142272/individuals-of-the-common-namib-day-gecko-vary-in-how-adaptive-simplification-alters-sprint-biomechanics
#3
Clint E Collins, Timothy E Higham
Locomotion inextricably links biomechanics to ecology as animals maneuver through mechanically challenging environments. Faster individuals are more likely to escape predators, surviving to produce more offspring. Fast sprint speed evolved several times in lizards, including geckos. However, the underlying mechanisms determining performance await discovery in many clades. Novel morphological structures influence these mechanisms by adding complexity to the government of locomotion. Gecko adhesion coevolves with modified muscles, tendons, and reflexes...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141584/sprint-ultrafast-protein-protein-interaction-prediction-of-the-entire-human-interactome
#4
Yiwei Li, Lucian Ilie
BACKGROUND: Proteins perform their functions usually by interacting with other proteins. Predicting which proteins interact is a fundamental problem. Experimental methods are slow, expensive, and have a high rate of error. Many computational methods have been proposed among which sequence-based ones are very promising. However, so far no such method is able to predict effectively the entire human interactome: they require too much time or memory. RESULTS: We present SPRINT (Scoring PRotein INTeractions), a new sequence-based algorithm and tool for predicting protein-protein interactions...
November 15, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141496/power-and-pacing-calculations-based-on-real-time-locating-data-from-a-cross-country-skiing-sprint-race
#5
Mikael Swarén, Anders Eriksson
Pacing strategies in cross-country skiing have been investigated in several studies. However, none of the previous studies have been verified by collected skiing data giving the skiing velocities along a measured track. These can be used to calculate the propulsive power output. Collected real-time positioning data from a cross-country sprint skiing race were used to estimate the propulsive power by applying a power balance model. Analyses were made for the time-trial and the final for one female and one male skier...
November 15, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140914/sequencing-effects-of-neuromuscular-training-on-physical-fitness-in-youth-elite-tennis-players
#6
Jaime Fernandez-Fernandez, Urs Granacher, David Sanz-Rivas, Jose Manuel Sarabia Marín, Jose Luis Hernandez-Davo, Manuel Moya
Fernandez-Fernandez, J, Granacher, U, Sanz-Rivas, D, Sarabia Marín, JM, Hernandez-Davo, JL, and Moya, M. Sequencing effects of neuromuscular training on physical fitness in youth elite tennis players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of a 5-week neuromuscular training (NMT) implemented before or after a tennis session in prepubertal players on selected components of physical fitness. Sixteen elite and well-trained tennis players with a mean age of 12...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140912/reliable-testing-battery-for-assessing-physical-qualities-of-elite-academy-rugby-league-players
#7
Nick Dobbin, Richard Hunwicks, Jamie Highton, Craig Twist
Dobbin, N, Hunwicks, R, Highton, J, and Twist, C. Reliable testing battery for assessing physical qualities of elite academy rugby league players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-This study assessed the interday reliability of a testing battery for the assessment of physical qualities of rugby league players. Fifty players (age 17.1 ± 1.1 years; stature 181.3 ± 6.3 cm; and body mass 89.0 ± 11.6 kg) from 3 Super League academies participated in this study. Tests of countermovement jump performance, 10- and 20-m sprint performance, change of direction, medicine ball throw, and a modified Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test Level 1 (prone Yo-Yo IR1) were completed on 3 separate occasions...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133606/effects-of-bariatric-surgery-in-obese-patients-with-hypertension-the-gateway-randomized-trial-gastric-bypass-to-treat-obese-patients-with-steady-hypertension
#8
Carlos Aurelio Schiavon, Angela Cristine Bersch-Ferreira, Eliana Vieira Santucci, Juliana Dantas Oliveira, Camila Ragne Torreglosa, Priscila Torres Bueno, Julia Caldas Frayha, Renato Nakagawa Santos, Lucas Petri Damian, Patricia Malvina Noujaim, Helio Halpern, Frederico L J Monteiro, Ricardo Vitor Cohen, Carlos H Uchoa, Marcio Gonçalves de Souza, Celso Amodeo, Luiz Bortolotto, Dimas Ikeoka, Luciano F Drager, Alexandre Biasi Cavalcanti, Otavio Berwanger
BACKGROUND : Recent research efforts on bariatric surgery have focused on metabolic and diabetes mellitus resolution. Randomized trials designed to assess the impact of bariatric surgery in patients with obesity and hypertension are needed. METHODS : In this randomized, single-center, nonblinded trial, we included patients with hypertension (using ≥2 medications at maximum doses or >2 at moderate doses) and a body mass index between 30.0 and 39.9 kg/m(2) Patients were randomized to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass plus medical therapy or medical therapy alone...
November 13, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133522/systolic-blood-pressure-response-in-sprint-systolic-blood-pressure-intervention-trial-and-accord-action-to-control-cardiovascular-risk-in-diabetes-a-possible-explanation-for-discordant-trial-results
#9
Chenxi Huang, Sanket S Dhruva, Andreas C Coppi, Frederick Warner, Shu-Xia Li, Haiqun Lin, Khurram Nasir, Harlan M Krumholz
BACKGROUND: SPRINT (Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial) and the ACCORD (Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes) blood pressure trial used similar interventions but produced discordant results. We investigated whether differences in systolic blood pressure (SBP) response contributed to the discordant trial results. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated the distributions of SBP response during the first year for the intensive and standard treatment groups of SPRINT and ACCORD using growth mixture models...
November 13, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131079/are-inflammatory-cytokines-associated-with-pain-during-acute-myocardial-infarction
#10
Laurin Imholz, Rebecca E Meister-Langraf, Mary Princip, Michaela Fux, Ulrich Schnyder, Jürgen Barth, Hansjörg Znoj, Jean-Paul Schmid, Roland von Känel
OBJECTIVE: Pain and inflammation during acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have been associated with the development of posttraumatic stress disorder and may also impact negatively on somatic outcome. We investigated the relationship between pain during AMI and levels of circulating proinflammatory (tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α, interleukin [IL]-6) and anti-inflammatory (IL-33 and tissue growth factor [TGF]-β1) cytokines. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Myocardial Infarction - Stress Prevention Intervention (MI-SPRINT) study...
November 4, 2017: Neuroimmunomodulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126336/sprint-interval-training-decreases-circulating-micrornas-important-for-muscle-development
#11
Joshua Denham, Adrian Gray, John Scott-Hamilton, Amanda D Hagstrom
Small non-coding RNAs, such as microRNAs (miRNAs), have emerged as powerful post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression that play important roles in many developmental and biological processes. In this study, we assessed the abundance of circulating microRNAs important for skeletal muscle and heart adaptations to exercise (miR-1, miR-133a, miR-133b and miR-486), following acute exercise and short-term sprint interval training (SIT). Twenty-eight individuals completed four all-out efforts on a cycle ergometer, and donated blood before and 30 min after the cessation of exercise...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125040/reliability-of-horizontal-force-velocity-power-profiling-during-short-sprint-running-accelerations-using-radar-technology
#12
Kim David Simperingham, John B Cronin, Simon N Pearson, Angus Ross
Radar technology can be used to perform horizontal force-velocity-power profiling during sprint-running. The aim of this study was to determine the reliability of radar-derived profiling results from short sprint accelerations. Twenty-seven participants completed three 30 m sprints (intra-day analysis), and nine participants completed the testing session on four separate days (inter-day analysis). The majority of radar-derived kinematic and kinetic descriptors of short sprint performance had acceptable intra-day and inter-day reliability [intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) ≥ 0...
November 10, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125029/match-derived-relative-pitch-area-changes-the-physical-and-team-tactical-performance-of-elite-soccer-players-in-small-sided-soccer-games
#13
Sigrid B H Olthof, Wouter G P Frencken, Koen A P M Lemmink
Small-sided games (SSGs) are used in training sessions to prepare for full-sized matches. For the same number of players, smaller pitch sizes result in decreased physical performance and shorter interpersonal distances. A relative pitch area derived from the full-sized match results in larger pitch sizes and this may increase the fit between SSGs and full-sized matches. This study aimed to investigate SSGs with a traditional small pitch and a match-derived relative pitch area in youth elite soccer players. Four age categories (under-13, under-15, under-17 and under-19) played 4 vs...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124325/changes-in-fat-oxidation-in-response-to-various-regimes-of-high-intensity-interval-training-hiit
#14
REVIEW
Todd Anthony Astorino, Matthew M Schubert
Increased whole-body fat oxidation (FOx) has been consistently demonstrated in response to moderate intensity continuous exercise training. Completion of high intensity interval training (HIIT) and its more intense form, sprint interval training (SIT), has also been reported to increase FOx in different populations. An explanation for this increase in FOx is primarily peripheral adaptations via improvements in mitochondrial content and function. However, studies examining changes in FOx are less common in response to HIIT or SIT than those determining increases in maximal oxygen uptake which is concerning, considering that FOx has been identified as a predictor of weight gain and glycemic control...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120695/hypoxia-and-sprint-swimming-performance-of-juvenile-striped-bass-morone-saxatilis
#15
Krista Kraskura, Jay A Nelson
Annual hypoxia in the Chesapeake Bay has expanded to the point where Darwinian fitness of juvenile striped bass (Morone saxatilis) may depend on their ability to perform in low-oxygen environments. The locomotion they use in predator/prey dynamics relies primarily on white (type II) muscle that is powered by anaerobic metabolic pathways and has generally been thought to be immune to aquatic hypoxia. We tested the sprint performance of 15 juvenile striped bass twice under acute hypoxia (20% air saturation [AS]) 5 wk apart and once under normoxia (>85% AS) in between...
January 2018: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118716/etiology-and-recovery-of-neuromuscular-fatigue-following-competitive-soccer-match-play
#16
Callum G Brownstein, Jack P Dent, Paul Parker, Kirsty M Hicks, Glyn Howatson, Stuart Goodall, Kevin Thomas
Aim: Previous research into the etiology of neuromuscular fatigue following competitive soccer match-play has primarily focused on peripheral perturbations, with limited research assessing central nervous system function in the days post-match. The aim of the present study was to examine the contribution and time-course of recovery of central and peripheral factors toward neuromuscular fatigue following competitive soccer match-play. Methods: Sixteen male semi-professional soccer players completed a 90-min soccer match...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117465/more-sprint-controversy
#17
Franz H Messerli, Sripal Bangalore, Stefano F Rimoldi
Frohlich and Zanchetti, at that time editors-in-chief of Hypertension and Journal of Hypertension, wrote the above words 20 years ago, in midst of the so-called calcium blocker controversy in a dual publication [3]. The authors continued in stating "however, controversy should be based on sound scientific evidence". One may ask whether this indeed is not a contradiction in terms as how can sound scientific evidence possibly give rise to controversy? The answer to this question is quite simple: science may be perfectly sound but interpretation thereof very often is anything but...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117428/change-in-knee-flexor-torque-after-fatiguing-exercise-identifies-previous-hamstring-injury-in-football-players
#18
Cameron Lord, Fadi Ma'ayah, Anthony J Blazevich
PURPOSE: Muscular fatigue and inter-limb strength asymmetry are factors known to influence hamstring injury risk, however limb-specific exacerbation of knee flexor (hamstrings) torque production after fatiguing exercise has previously been ignored. To investigate changes in muscular force production before and after sport-specific (repeated-sprint) and non-specific (knee extension-flexion) fatiguing exercise, and explore the sensitivity and specificity of isokinetic endurance (i.e. muscle-specific) and single-leg vertical jump (i...
November 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112051/a-comparison-of-the-effects-of-short-term-plyometric-and-resistance-training-on-lower-body-muscular-performance
#19
Malcolm T Whitehead, Timothy P Scheett, Michael R McGuigan, N Z Auckland, Angel V Martin
The purpose of this study was to compare effects of short-term plyometric and resistance training on lower body muscular performance. A convenience sample of thirty males aged 21.3 ± 1.8 years, height 177.3 ± 9.4 cm, mass 80.0 ± 2.6 kg, body fat 16.1 ± 1.2 % participated in this investigation. Participants were grouped and participated in progressive plyometric (PLT) or resistance training (SRT) twice per week for eight consecutive weeks or a control (CNT) group that did not participate in any training...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106812/whey-protein-hydrolysate-supplementation-accelerates-recovery-from-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-in-females
#20
Meghan A Brown, Emma J Stevenson, Glyn Howatson
A number of different forms of protein and their analogues have been investigated for their efficacy in ameliorating exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) and recovery. Preliminary data regarding whey protein hydrolysate (WPH) supplementation are promising. However, its efficacy beyond acute eccentric/resistance exercise bouts or longer-term training programmes are limited and all investigations have been conducted in male or mixed-sex groups. This study sought to elucidate whether the benefits of WPH previously reported can be demonstrated in females following repeated-sprint exercise...
November 6, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
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