Read by QxMD icon Read

index glycemic

Letícia Pereira de Brito Sampaio
The ketogenic diet (KD), a high-fat, low-carbohydrate, and adequate-protein diet is an established, effective nonpharmacologic treatment option for intractable childhood epilepsy. The KD was developed in 1921 and even though it has been increasingly used worldwide in the past decade, many neurologists are not familiar with this therapeutic approach. In the past few years, alternative and more flexible KD variants have been developed to make the treatment easier and more palatable while reducing side effects and making it available to larger group of refractory epilepsy patients...
October 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Wanhee Suk, JiEun Kim, Do-Yeon Kim, Hyunjung Lim, Ryowon Choue
Recent trial results suggest that the consumption of a low glycemic index (GI) diet is beneficial in the prevention of high blood glucose levels. Identifying active hypoglycemic substances in ordinary foods could be a significant benefit to the management of blood glucose. It has been hypothesized that noodles with Bombyx mori powder are a low GI food. We evaluated GI and changes in postprandial glucose levels following consumption of those noodles and compared them with those following consumption of plain wheat flour noodles (control) and glucose (reference) in healthy subjects...
September 2016: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
Efraín Rodríguez-Vigil, Migdalia Rodríguez-Chacón, José J Ruiz Valcarcel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the current relationship between certain demographics and chemical factors, and the risk of cardiovascular complications, within a Puerto Rican population with diabetes mellitus. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 2075 patients with diabetes mellitus were retrospectively evaluated to determine the influence of certain demographics and chemical variables on the appearance of cardiovascular complications. A group of demographic and laboratory variables were analyzed...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
Katsunori Suzuki, Yurie Mitsuma, Takaaki Sato, Takumi Anraku, Mariko Hatta
BACKGROUND: Some patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on insulin have poor glycemic control and require add-on therapy to reach target glucose values. Increased insulin doses or the addition of an oral antidiabetic drug (OAD) may improve glycemic control, but many patients fail to achieve target values. The aim of this study was to compare the treatment efficacy and safety of three different therapies in such patients. METHODS: T2DM outpatients with poor glycemic control (HbA1c ≥ 7...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
E B Carter, M G Tuuli, A O Odibo, G A Macones, A G Cahill
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the number of prenatal visits (PNVs) and pregnancy outcomes in women with gestational diabetes (GDM) and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). STUDY DESIGN: A 4-year prospective cohort study of women with GDM and DM and was conducted. Patients ⩾75th percentile for number of PNVs were compared with those ⩽25th percentile. The primary outcomes were large for gestational age (LGA) with birth weight >90% and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission for >24 h...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Sarah A Dainty, Shannon L Klingel, Stephanie E Pilkey, Evan McDonald, Bruce McKeown, Michael J Emes, Alison M Duncan
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) incidence continues to rise. Although increasing dietary fiber intake is an established strategy for improved glycemic control, most adults consume insufficient amounts. Fiber-enhanced functional foods can increase fiber intake, and there is particular interest in resistant starch (RS) as a high-fiber ingredient. Studies show that high-amylose maize resistant starch, type 2 (HAM-RS2) improves acute and chronic glycemic responses, but more studies are needed in individuals at high risk of T2D with RS delivered in commonly consumed foods...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Danxia Yu, Xianglan Zhang, Xiao-Ou Shu, Hui Cai, Honglan Li, Ding Ding, Zhen Hong, Yong-Bing Xiang, Yu-Tang Gao, Wei Zheng, Gong Yang
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic evidence on dietary carbohydrates and stroke risk remains controversial. Very few prospective cohort studies have been conducted in Asian populations, who usually consume a high-carbohydrate diet and have a high burden of stroke. OBJECTIVE: We examined dietary glycemic index (GI), glycemic load (GL), and intakes of refined and total carbohydrates in relation to risks of total, ischemic, and hemorrhagic stroke and stroke mortality. DESIGN: This study included 64,328 Chinese women, aged 40-70 y, with no history of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, or cancer...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Ayman S Abutair, Ihab A Naser, Amin T Hamed
BACKGROUND: Water-soluble dietary fibers intake may help control blood glucose and body weight. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether soluble fiber supplementation from psyllium improves glycemic control indicators and body weight in type 2 diabetic patients. METHOD: Forty type 2 diabetes patients, non-smoker, aged >35 years were stratified to different strata according to sex, age, body mass index (BMI) and fasting blood sugar level (FBS) and randomly assigned into two groups; The intervention group which consists of 20 participants was on soluble fiber (10...
October 12, 2016: Nutrition Journal
Katherine E Joyce, Mary L Biggs, Luc Djoussé, Joachim H Ix, Jorge R Kizer, David S Siscovick, Molly M Shores, Alvin M Matsumoto, Kenneth J Mukamal
CONTEXT: Although sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) and testosterone (T) have been inversely associated with risk of diabetes, few studies have examined dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a more potent androgen than T, or older adults, whose glycemic pathophysiology differs from younger adults. OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations of SHBG, T, and DHT with insulin resistance and incident diabetes in older adult men. DESIGN: In a prospective cohort study, we evaluated baseline levels of SHBG, T, and DHT using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry among 852 men in the Cardiovascular Health Study free of diabetes and cardiovascular disease in 1994...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Leonor García Maset, Lidia Blasco González, Gonzalo Llop Furquet, Francisco Montes Suay, Roberto Hernández Marco
BACKGROUND: Time series analysis provides information on blood glucose dynamics that is unattainable with conventional glycemic variability (GV) indices. To date, no studies have been published on these parameters in pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes. Our aim is to evaluate the relationship between time series analysis and conventional GV indices, and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels. METHODS: This is a transversal study of 41 children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes...
October 11, 2016: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
Jin Li, Guangwei Xie, Qingzhong Tian, Yuanchao Hu, Qingliang Meng, Minkang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic jejunoileal side-to-side anastomosis (LJISSA) is an upcoming procedure that offers good metabolic improvement without causing significant malabsorption. The objective of this study was to evaluate the results of this novel procedure for the control of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in patients with a body mass index (BMI) of 24-32 kg/m 2. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with T2DM who underwent LJISSA between February 2010 and May 2013 were recruited in this study...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Samaneh Kabul, Robert C Hood, Ran Duan, Amy M DeLozier, Julie Settles
BACKGROUND: Initiation and titration of human regular U-500 insulin (U-500R) with a dosing algorithm of either thrice daily (TID) or twice daily (BID) improved glycemic control with fewer injections in patients with type 2 diabetes treated with high-dose, high-volume U-100 insulin. The objective of this analysis was to compare patient-reported outcomes between U-500R TID and BID treatment groups in this titration-to-target randomized, clinical trial. METHODS: In this 24-week, open-label, parallel trial, 325 patients were randomized to TID (n = 162) or BID (n = 163) U-500R after a 4-week lead-in period (screening)...
September 30, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Conor P Kerley, Katrina Hutchinson, Jessica Bramham, Aisling McGowan, John Faul, Liam Cormican
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Our group and others have reported a high rate of vitamin D deficiency in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS), where vitamin D levels (25(OH)D) correlate negatively with OSAS severity and some of its associated metabolic alterations. Data regarding vitamin D supplementation in OSAS are lacking. We wanted to evaluate the effect of vitamin D3 supplementation on OSAS symptoms and metabolic parameters. METHODS: We conducted a pilot, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of daily supplementation with 4,000 IU vitamin D3 (D3) or placebo (PL)...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Masafumi Koga, Rie Matsumoto
BACKGROUNDS: The effect of alcohol consumption on glycemic control indicators is not well known. In this study, we studied the effect of alcohol consumption on the plasma glucose and glycemic control indicators in non-diabetic men. METHODS: The study enrolled 300 non-diabetic men who received a complete medical checkup [age: 52.8 ± 6.5 years, body mass index (BMI): 24.4 ± 2.8 kg/m(2)]. The subjects were divided into four groups by the amount of alcohol consumed, and the plasma glucose, HbA1c, glycated albumin (GA), and 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) levels of the groups were compared...
October 4, 2016: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Brian J Martin, Martin J MacInnis, Jenna B Gillen, Lauren E Skelly, Martin J Gibala
Green tea extract (GTE) ingestion improves glucose homeostasis in healthy and diabetic humans, but the interactive effect of GTE and exercise is unknown. The present study examined the effect of short-term GTE supplementation on the glycemic response to an oral glucose load at rest and following an acute bout of exercise, as well as substrate oxidation during exercise. Eleven sedentary, overweight men with fasting plasma glucose (FPG) ≥5.6 mmol·L(-1) (age, 34 ± 13 years; body mass index = 32 ± 5 kg·m(-2); FPG = 6...
June 15, 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Josemberg Campos, Almino Ramos, Thomaz Szego, Bruno Zilberstein, Heládio Feitosa, Ricardo Cohen
Introduction: Even considering the advance of the medical treatment in the last 20 years with new and more effective drugs, the outcomes are still disappointing as the control of obesity and type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) with a large number of patients under the medical treatment still not reaching the desired outcomes. Objective: To present a Metabolic Risk Score to better guide the surgical indication for T2DM patients with body mass index (BMI) where surgery for obesity is still controversial...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Susanna C Larsson, Alicja Wolk
BACKGROUND: Whether consumption of potatoes, which are rich in potassium and have a high glycemic index and glycemic load, is associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to examine the association between potato consumption and risk of total and specific CVD events as well as mortality from CVD in 2 prospective cohorts of Swedish adults, a population with a high consumption of potatoes. DESIGN: Information on potato consumption was available from 69,313 men and women, free of CVD and diabetes, in the Cohort of Swedish Men and the Swedish Mammography Cohort...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Shalini Vaid, Lynae Hanks, Russell Griffin, Ambika P Ashraf
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) have an extremely high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. It is well known that dyslipidemia is a subclinical manifestation of atherosclerosis. OBJECTIVE: To analyze presence and predicting factors of lipoprotein abnormalities prevalent in children with T1DM and whether race-specific differences exist between non-Hispanic white (NHW) and non-Hispanic black (NHB) in the lipoprotein characteristics...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Catriona A Burdon, Inge Spronk, Hoi Lun Cheng, Helen T O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Low glycemic index (GI) pre-exercise meals may enhance endurance performance by maintaining euglycemia and altering fuel utilization. However, evidence for performance benefits is equivocal. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a low GI (LGI) versus a high GI (HGI) pre-exercise meal on endurance performance using meta-analyses. METHODS: Data sources included MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, AUSPORT, AusportMed, Web of Science, and Scopus...
September 28, 2016: Sports Medicine
Kumpatla Satyavani, Sekar Archana, Ajay Mv Kumar, Shanta Achanta, Vijay Viswanathan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the sex differences in the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among patients with type 2 diabetes, visiting the hospital between March-December 2012. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among the type 2 diabetes patients attending M.V. Hospital for Diabetes, a tertiary centre specialized in diabetes care, Chennai, South India. We collected information on obesity (body mass index ≥25 kg/m2), hypertension, dyslipidemia, smoking, alcohol consumption and glycemic control (HbA1c >8% considered poor control)...
December 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"