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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166321/adipose-lipolysis-unchanged-by-preexercise-carbohydrate-regardless-of-glycemic-index
#1
Daniel A Baur, Brandon D Willingham, Kyle A Smith, Jacob N Kisiolek, Margaret C Morrissey, Patrick G Saracino, Tristan J Ragland, Michael J Ormsbee
PURPOSE: To determine the impact of pre-exercise carbohydrate of different glycemic indices on subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (SCAAT) metabolism and running performance. METHODS: Ten trained male runners completed three experimental trials consisting of 30 min at 60% VO2max, 30 min at 75% VO2max, and a 5-km time trial (TT). Thirty min prior to exercise, participants consumed one of three beverages: 1) 75 g low glycemic index modified starch supplement (UCAN), 2) 75 g high glycemic index glucose-based supplement (G), or 3) a flavor-matched non-caloric placebo (PL)...
November 20, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163373/placental-nutrient-transport-in-gestational-diabetic-pregnancies
#2
REVIEW
Marisol Castillo-Castrejon, Theresa L Powell
Maternal obesity during pregnancy is rising and is associated with increased risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), defined as glucose intolerance first diagnosed in pregnancy (1). Fetal growth is determined by the maternal nutrient supply and placental nutrient transfer capacity. GDM-complicated pregnancies are more likely to be complicated by fetal overgrowth or excess adipose deposition in utero. Infants born from GDM mothers have an increased risk of developing cardiovascular and metabolic disorders later in life...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158252/food-addiction-high-glycemic-index-carbohydrates-and-obesity
#3
REVIEW
Belinda Lennerz, Jochen K Lennerz
BACKGROUND: Treatment success in obesity remains low, and recently food addiction has been delineated as an underlying etiologic factor with therapeutic relevance. Specifically, current treatment focuses on reduced food intake and increase of physical activity, whereas interventions for addiction encompass behavioral therapy, abstinence, and environmental interventions such as taxation, restrictions on advertising, and regulation of school menus. CONTENT: Here, we reviewed the pertinent literature on food addiction with a specific focus on the role of high-glycemic-index carbohydrates in triggering addictive symptoms...
November 20, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157731/insulin-sensitivity-and-diabetic-kidney-disease-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-2-diabetes-an-observational-analysis-of-data-from-the-today-clinical%C3%A2-trial
#4
Petter Bjornstad, Edward Nehus, Laure El Ghormli, Fida Bacha, Ingrid M Libman, Siripoom McKay, Steven M Willi, Lori Laffel, Silva Arslanian, Kristen J Nadeau
BACKGROUND: Diabetic kidney disease is a major cause of premature mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Worsening insulin sensitivity independent of glycemic control may contribute to the development of diabetic kidney disease. We investigated the longitudinal association of insulin sensitivity with hyperfiltration and increased albumin excretion in adolescents with T2DM. STUDY DESIGN: Observational prospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 532 TODAY (Treatment Options for Type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth) participants aged 12 to 17 years with T2DM duration less than 2 years at baseline...
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154713/sex-differences-in-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-pittsburgh-sleep-quality-index
#5
Jonna L Morris, Jeffrey Rohay, Eileen R Chasens
BACKGROUND: The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) is a well-known, validated, and reliable instrument used to measure the clinical construct of sleep quality. Little research has been done to measure its psychometric properties by sex. Previous researchers have established the validity of a three-factor structure, but it is unknown whether it applies to both men and women equally. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study examined 198 participants; women (n = 104), men (n = 94) who were participants in the Diabetes Sleep Treatment Trial, an ongoing study examining the effect of continuous positive airway pressure on glycemic control in people with type 2 diabetes...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153755/a-longitudinal-study-on-patients-with-diabetes-and-symptoms-of-gastroparesis-associations-with-impaired-quality-of-life-and-increased-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms
#6
Tonje Teigland, Marjolein M Iversen, Dag A Sangnes, Georg Dimcevski, Eirik Søfteland
AIMS: To examine patient reported outcomes (PRO) in patients previously assessed for diabetic gastroparesis, and to investigate how symptoms of gastroparesis evolve over time. In addition, to further evaluate outcomes in those with versus without diabetic gastroparesis at baseline. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with diabetes and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, diagnosed with or without diabetic gastroparesis in 2011-2013, were included in this follow-up study. PRO were measured with the Patient assessment of upper gastrointestinal symptom severity index (PAGI-SYM), 36-Item Short Form Survey (SF-36), Patient assessment of upper gastrointestinal disorders-quality of life (PAGI-QOL) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145540/inverse-association-of-peripheral-orexin-a-with-insulin-resistance-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Mitra Zarifkar, Sina Noshad, Mona Shahriari, Mohsen Afarideh, Elias Khajeh, Zahra Karimi, Alireza Ghajar, Alireza Esteghamati
AIMS: To investigate the association between serum orexin concentrations and insulin resistance/sensitivity in a sample of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, and to study the effects of anti-hyperglycemic treatment on orexin concentrations over three months. METHODS: This study was designed as a randomized, open-label, clinical trial. Before allocation, sixty medication-naïve, newly-diagnosed, type 2 diabetes patients underwent a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)...
July 2017: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145539/socioeconomic-deprivation-household-education-and-employment-are-associated-with-increased-hospital-admissions-and-poor-glycemic-control-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Louise J Apperley, Sze M Ng
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic deprivation, obesity, and emotional discomfort are important determinants of health inequalities and poor glycemic control in children and young people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D). OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to evaluate the incidence of hospital admissions of T1D children in relation to socioeconomic deprivation, and to determine the effects of social deprivation, body mass index (BMI), and patient-reported emotional well-being on glycemic control...
July 2017: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145468/the-effects-of-non-surgical-periodontal-treatment-on-glycemic-control-oxidative-stress-balance-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Hirofumi Mizuno, Daisuke Ekuni, Takayuki Maruyama, Kota Kataoka, Toshiki Yoneda, Daiki Fukuhara, Yoshio Sugiura, Takaaki Tomofuji, Jun Wada, Manabu Morita
AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of non-surgical periodontal treatment on hemoglobinA1c (HbA1c) levels, oxidative stress balance and quality of life (QOL) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) compared to no periodontal treatment (simple oral hygiene instructions only). METHODS: The design was a 6-month, single-masked, single center, randomized clinical trial. Patients had both T2DM and chronic periodontitis. Forty participants were enrolled between April 2014 and March 2016 at the Nephrology, Diabetology and Endocrinology Department of Okayama University Hospital...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141856/impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-outcomes-in-patients-supported-with-left-ventricular-assist-devices-a-single-institutional-9-year-experience
#10
Rabea Asleh, Alexandros Briasoulis, Sarah D Schettle, Vakhtang Tchantchaleishvili, Naveen L Pereira, Brooks S Edwards, Alfredo L Clavell, Simon Maltais, David L Joyce, Lyle D Joyce, Richard C Daly, Sudhir S Kushwaha, John M Stulak
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a risk factor for morbidity and mortality in patients with heart failure. The effect of DM on post-left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation outcomes is unclear. This study sought to investigate whether patients with DM had worse outcomes than patients without DM after LVAD implantation and whether LVAD support resulted in a better control of DM. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively reviewed 341 consecutive adults who underwent implantation of LVAD from 2007 to 2016...
November 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141328/-association-between-smoking-smoking-cessation-and-glycemic-control-in-male-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#11
J Su, Y Qin, C Shen, Y Gao, E C Pan, X Q Pan, R Tao, Y Q Zhang, M Wu
Objective: To explore the association of smoking and smoking cessation with glycemic control in male patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: From December 2013 to January 2014, a total of 7 763 male patients with type 2 diabetes, who received national basic public health service in Changshu county of Suzhou city, Huai'an and Qinghe districts of Huai'an city, Jiangsu province, were recruited by cluster sampling. Questionnaire survey and anthropometric measurements were conducted, and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels were measured...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139081/liraglutide-improves-cardiovascular-risk-as-an-add-on-to-metformin-and-not-to-insulin-secretagogues-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-real-life-48-month-retrospective-study
#12
Alessandro Ciresi, Enrica Vigneri, Stefano Radellini, Felicia Pantò, Carla Giordano
INTRODUCTION: Although liraglutide is widely recognized to have glycemic and extra-glycemic effects, few studies have compared these effects in relation to hypoglycemic treatment starting from the diagnosis of diabetes. We evaluated the effectiveness of liraglutide in reducing the Framingham risk score (FRS) and visceral adiposity index (VAI) in relation to first-line hypoglycemic treatment from diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, continued without any changes. METHODS: We selected 105 diabetic outpatients who were treated with liraglutide for at least 48 months as an add-on therapy to metformin alone (group A, n = 52) or insulin secretagogues (group B, n = 53) from diagnosis time...
November 14, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137465/a-trial-on-the-effects-of-magnesium-zinc-calcium-vitamin-d-co-supplementation-on-glycemic-control-and-markers-of-cardio-metabolic-risk-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#13
Mehri Jamilian, Maryam Maktabi, Zatollah Asemi
BACKGROUND: There is scarce data on the effects of magnesium-zinc-calcium-vitamin D co-supplementation on glycemic control and markers of cardio-metabolic risk among women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The objective of this study was to assess the effects of magnesium-zinc-calcium-vitamin D co-supplementation on glycemic control and markers of cardio-metabolic risk in women with PCOS. METHODS: Sixty PCOS women were randomized into two groups and treated with 100 mg of magnesium, 4 mg of zinc, 400 mg of calcium plus 200 IU of vitamin D supplements (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) twice a day for 12 weeks...
October 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133220/effects-of-exercise-and-diet-in-nonobese-asthma-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Louise Lindhardt Toennesen, Howraman Meteran, Morten Hostrup, Nina Rica Wium Geiker, Camilla Bjoern Jensen, Celeste Porsbjerg, Arne Astrup, Jens Bangsbo, Debbie Parker, Vibeke Backer
BACKGROUND: Behavioral interventions focusing on exercise and healthy diet improve asthma control in obese patients with asthma, but whether these interventions can lead to improvements in nonobese patients remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: In a randomized, controlled parallel-group design, we studied the effects of an 8-week intervention of either exercise (high-intensity interval training), diet (high protein/low glycemic index), or a combination of the 2, on asthma control and clinical outcomes in nonobese patients with asthma...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133011/aging-affects-the-response-of-female-rats-to-a-hypercaloric-diet
#15
B D Arbo, G Niches, P Zanini, D M Bassuino, D Driemeier, M F Ribeiro, A L Cecconello
Metabolic syndrome is a major risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, among other conditions. Studies have shown that aging and metabolic syndrome share several metabolic alterations, and that aged individuals, in particular females, are at an increased risk of developing metabolic disorders. Although several studies have investigated the effects of hypercaloric diets in the development of obesity and metabolic syndrome in young animals, few studies have investigated these parameters in aged animals, especially in females...
November 10, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130720/-relationship-between-quality-of-life-physical-activity-nutrition-glycemic-control-and-sarcopenia-in-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Cristina Casals-Vázquez, Ernesto Suárez-Cadenas, Francisca María Estébanez Carvajal, María Pilar Aguilar Trujillo, María M Jiménez Arcos, María Ángeles Vázquez Sáchez
INTRODUCTION: The term sarcopenia is defined as age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and function, with a consequent impact on quality of life. However, there is a lack of studies examining the prevalence of sarcopenia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). OBJECTIVES: To analyze the prevalence of sarcopenia in patients over 65 years with type 2 DM and the influence of physical activity, diet, glycemic control, sex, age, and quality of life. METHODS: A total of 279 patients (155 females), aged 76...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130716/-effect-of-quinua-chenopodium-quinoa-consumption-as-a-coadjuvant-in-nutritional-intervention-in-prediabetic-subjects
#17
María Salud Abellán Ruiz, María Dolores Barnuevo Espinosa, Carlos García Santamaría, Carlos Javier Contreras Fernández, Miriam Aldeguer García, Fulgencio Soto Méndez, Isabel Guillén Guillén, Antonio Jesús Luque Rubia, Francisco Javier Quinde Ràzuri, Antonio Martínez Garrido, Francisco Javier López Román
INTRODUCTION: Quinoa is a pseudocereal containing low glycemic index carbohydrates, dietary fiber, high biological value protein, phytosterols, and n-3 and n-6 fatty acids, which has generated interest in prediabetes nutritional interventions. This randomized (2:1), placebo-controlled, double-blind study evaluated the effects of processed quinoa on body mass index (BMI), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and the satiation and fullness (complete) degree in prediabetic patients...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125542/slowly-digestible-carbohydrate-for-balanced-energy-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evidence
#18
Vishnupriya Gourineni, Maria L Stewart, Rob Skorge, Bernard C Sekula
There is growing interest among consumers in foods for sustained energy management, and an increasing number of ingredients are emerging to address this demand. The SUSTRA™ 2434 slowly digestible carbohydrate is a blend of tapioca flour and corn starch, with the potential to provide balanced energy after a meal. The aim of the study was to characterize this starch's digestion profile in vitro (modified Englyst assay) and in vivo (intact and cecectomized rooster study), and to determine its effects on available energy, by measuring post-prandial glycemia in healthy adults (n = 14), in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study, with two food forms: cold-pressed bar and pudding...
November 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125537/associations-of-fasting-blood-glucose-with-influencing-factors-in-northeast-china-a-quantile-regression-analysis
#19
Xin Guo, Li Shen, Jing Dou, Yaogai Lv, Anning Zhang, Fanchao Shi, Zhiqiang Xue, Yaqin Yu, Lina Jin, Yan Yao
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has become a major public health problem in China. Although a number of researchers have investigated DM risk factors, little is known about the associations between values of fasting blood glucose (FBG) and influencing factors. This study aims to explore these associations by the quantile regression (QR) model. Methods: A cross-sectional survey based on a sample of 23,050 adults aged 18 to 79 years was conducted in Jilin in 2012, and some subjects were excluded due to missing values with respect to necessary variables or having glycemic control, in accordance with the purposes of this study...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122706/mid-to-long-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-indian-population-3-7-year-results-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Harshit Garg, Sandeep Aggarwal, Mahesh Chandra Misra, Pratyusha Priyadarshini, Ashish Swami, Lokesh Kashyap, Richa Jaiswal
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have addressed the mid to long term impact of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) on weight loss and obesity associated co-morbidities, particularly in Indian population. The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of LSG in morbid obesity over 3-7 years follow up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of all patients who underwent LSG between January 2008 and March 2015 and completed their at least 1 year follow up till March 2016 was retrospectively reviewed using a prospectively collected database...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
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