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deep gluteus syndrome

Timothy J Jackson
Deep gluteal syndrome is described as sciatic nerve entrapment in the region deep to the gluteus maximus muscle. The entrapment can occur from the piriformis muscle, fibrous bands, blood vessels, and hamstrings. Good clinical outcomes have been shown in patients treated by open and endoscopic means. Sciatic nerve decompression with or without piriformis release provides a surgical solution to a difficult diagnostic and therapeutic problem. Previous techniques have used open methods that can now performed endoscopically...
June 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
John W Thomas Byrd
Arthroscopic techniques for the hip joint have evolved into endoscopic methods for extra-articular disorders. These endoscopic strategies provide a less invasive alternative to open procedures for traditionally recognized forms of pathology. Endoscopy has defined new disorders amenable to surgical correction and has redefined some of these existing disorders. The peritrochanteric and deep gluteal regions represent 2 of the most currently active areas of exploration. Peritrochanteric problems include trochanteric bursitis, full-thickness and partial-thickness tears of the abductors including the gluteus medius and minimus, and external coxa saltans (snapping iliotibial band)...
December 2015: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
Julio Rosales, Nicolás García, Claudio Rafols, Marcelo Pérez, Marco A Verdugo
The objective of this study was to describe a perisciatic ultrasound-guided infiltration technique for treatment of deep gluteal syndrome and to report its preliminary clinical results. A mixture of saline (20 mL), a local anesthetic (4 mL), and a corticosteroid solution (1 mL) was infiltrated in the perisciatic region between the gluteus maximus and pelvitrochanteric muscles. Relative pain relief was achieved in 73.7% of the patients, with average preprocedural and postprocedural visual analog scale scores of 8...
November 2015: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Andrée-Anne Marchand, Jean-Alexandre Boucher, Julie O'Shaughnessy
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to describe a patient who presented with acute musculoskeletal symptoms but was later diagnosed with multiple deep vein thrombosis (DVT). CLINICAL FEATURES: An 18-year-old female presented to a chiropractic clinic with left lumbosacral pain with referral into the posterior left thigh. A provisional diagnosis was made of acute myofascial syndrome of the left piriformis and gluteus medius muscles. The patient received 3 chiropractic treatments over 1 week resulting in 80% improvement in pain intensity...
June 2015: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Laura Podschun, William J Hanney, Morey J Kolber, Ashley Garcia, Carey E Rothschild
BACKGROUND: Gluteal injuries, proximal hamstring injuries, and pelvic floor disorders have been reported in the literature among runners. Some suggest that hip, pelvis, and/or groin injuries occur in 3.3% to 11.5% of long distance runners. The purpose of this case report is to describe the differential diagnosis and treatment approach for a patient presenting with combined hip and pelvic pain. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 45-year-old female distance runner was referred to physical therapy for proximal hamstring pain that had been present for several months...
August 2013: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
N A M S Flack, H D Nicholson, S J Woodley
The anatomy of the hip abductors has not been comprehensively examined, yet is important to understanding function and pathology in the gluteal region. For example, pathology of the hip abductor muscle-tendon complexes can cause greater trochanteric pain syndrome, and may be associated with gluteal atrophy and fatty infiltration. The purpose of this study was to investigate the detailed morphology of gluteus medius (GMed), gluteus minimus (GMin), and tensor fascia lata (TFL), and determine whether the muscles comprised anatomical compartments...
March 2014: Clinical Anatomy
Jeremy I Simon, Gerald J Herbison, Galit Levy
The following is a case report which reviews the essential aspects of Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) in a patient with long standing back pain and gait dysfunction. The patient was referred to our electrodiagnostics laboratory for a 9-month history of low back pain and difficulty walking following a charity breast cancer walk. A workup including magnetic resonance imaging of the brain, entire spine, and EMG/NCS at another institution were reportedly normal. A detailed history revealed symptoms of proximal weakness and autonomic dysfunction...
2011: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Benjamin G Domb, Rima Michel Nasser, Itamar B Botser
Tears in the gluteus medius and minimus tendons, often misdiagnosed as trochanteric bursitis, have recently emerged as an important cause of recalcitrant greater trochanter pain syndrome. Advances in endoscopic surgery of the hip have created opportunities to better evaluate and treat pathology in the peritrochanteric compartment. We reviewed the literature on trochanteric pain syndrome and gluteus medius tendon injuries. Existing techniques for endoscopic and open gluteus tendon repair and potential challenges in restoration of abductor function were analyzed...
December 2010: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Andre D Farasyn, Romain Meeusen, Jo Nijs
OBJECTIVES: Deep cross-friction pressure with a finger or an elbow in the proximal gluteal region causes a sciaticlike pain along the side of the thigh and the leg as a clinical presence of referred pain (RP) in patients with nonspecific low back pain (LBP). This study investigated the reliability and discriminative ability of experimentally provoked RP as a result of deep cross-friction with the aid of a Fischer algometer. The new clinical examination method measures the provoked RP threshold resulting in an outcome, expressed in kg/cm2...
June 2008: Clinical Journal of Pain
Christina Giannakopoulou, Eftichia Korakaki, Eleftheria Hatzidaki, Antonia Manoura, Agisilaos Aligizakis, Emmanuel Velivasakis
Umbilical artery catheters are an essential aid in the treatment of newborn infants who have cardiopulmonary disease. However, it is well-known that umbilical artery catheterization is associated with complications. The most frequent visible problem in an umbilical line is blanching or cyanosis of part or all of a distal extremity or the buttock area resulting from either vasospasm or a thrombotic or embolic incidence. Ischemic necrosis of the gluteal region is a rare complication of umbilical artery catheterization...
April 2002: Pediatrics
S L Chen, Y J Jong, G C Liu, C H Chiang
A 10-year-old girl who had suffered life-threatening respiratory distress in late infancy and mild muscle weakness in the extremities was found to have central core disease (CCD). Her developmental milestones were markedly delayed and she became ambulant at the age of 6 years. On physical examination, she had a high-arched palate, nasal tone vocalization, a positive Gowers' sign, waddling gait, and decreased deep tendon reflexes. On magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination, the thigh, calf, arm, and paravertebral muscles were selectively involved, especially in the paravertebral, biceps brachii, gluteus maximus and medius, vastus lateralis and medialis, sartorius, adductor magnus, tibialis anterior, soleus, lateral head of gastrocnemius, and peroneus longus muscles...
November 1996: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
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