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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749514/therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-lopinavir-in-hiv-infected-children-on-second-line-antiretroviral-therapy-in-asia
#1
Linda Aurpibul, Sirinya Teerananchai, Wasana Prasitsuebsai, Tavitiya Sudjaritruk, Pope Kosalaraksa, Nia Kurniati, Khanh Huu Truong, Viet Chau Do, Lam Van Nguyen, Kulkanya Chokephaibulkit, Thida Singtoroj, Stephen J Kerr
BACKGROUND: Failure rates of second-line boosted protease inhibitor antiretroviral therapy regimens in children rise over time. Therapeutic drug monitoring can contribute to assessments of adherence. The authors assessed the performance characteristics of the US DHHS-recommended lopinavir (LPV) concentration of 1.0 mg/L for predicting virologic failure (VF) and intermediate- to high-level LPV resistance in Asian children. METHODS: LPV concentration, HIV RNA level, and adherence data from study participants in Thailand, Vietnam, and Indonesia receiving second-line LPV-based ART and followed for ≥24 weeks were analyzed...
December 2016: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651338/comparative-histopathological-evaluation-of-patients-with-diabetes-hypothyroidism-and-idiopathic-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#2
Figen Taser, Ayse Nur Deger, Hakkı Deger
AIM: Current study planned to investigate histologic findings and differences in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) with diabetes mellitus, thyroid disease and idiopathic CTS patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Subsynovial connective tissue samples of 51 idiopathic CTS patients, 58 patients with diabetes mellitus and CTS, 16 patients with hypothyroidism and CTS were evaluated for this study. The histopathologic examination parameters were number of fibroblasts, size of collagen fibers, vascular changes (vascular proliferation, intimal thickening and changes of vessel structures), edema and inflammatory infiltration...
May 5, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448029/a-taser-conducted-electrical-weapon-with-cardiac-biomonitoring-capability-proof-of-concept-and-initial-human-trial
#3
Jason P Stopyra, Samuel I Ritter, Jennifer Beatty, James C Johnson, Douglas M Kleiner, James E Winslow, Alison R Gardner, William P Bozeman
INTRODUCTION: Despite research demonstrating the overall safety of Conducted Electrical Weapons (CEWs), commonly known by the brand name TASER(®), concerns remain regarding cardiac safety. The addition of cardiac biomonitoring capability to a CEW could prove useful and even lifesaving in the rare event of a medical crisis by detecting and analyzing cardiac rhythms during the period immediately after CEW discharge. OBJECTIVE: To combine an electrocardiogram (ECG) device with a CEW to detect and store ECG signals while still allowing the CEW to perform its primary function of delivering an incapacitating electrical discharge...
October 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429421/infection-risk-from-conducted-electrical-weapon-probes-what-do-we-know
#4
Mark W Kroll, Mollie B Ritter, Richard A Guilbault, Dorin Panescu
Concern has been raised over the infection risk of the TASER electrical weapon since the probes penetrate the skin. The manufacturing process produces unsterilized probes with a 5% rate of Staphylococcus aureus contamination. Voluntary recipients (n = 208) of probe exposures were surveyed and there were no self-observations of infection. With over 3.3 million probe landings, there have been 10 case reports of penetrations of sensitive tissue with no reported infections. The electrical field was modeled and found that the electrical pulses generate a field of over 1200 V/mm on the dart portion...
November 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423132/fatal-traumatic-brain-injury-with-electrical-weapon-falls
#5
Mark W Kroll, Jiri Adamec, Charles V Wetli, Howard E Williams
INTRODUCTION: While generally reducing morbidity and mortality, electrical weapons have risks associated with their usage, including eye injuries and falls. With sufficient probe spread, an uncontrolled fall to the ground typically occurs along with the possibility of a fatal brain injury. METHODS: We analyzed possible risk factors including running and elevated surfaces with established head-injury criteria to estimate the risk of brain injury. We searched for cases of arrest-related or in-custody death, with TASER(®) electrical weapon usage where fall-induced injuries might have contributed to the death...
October 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353507/security-personnel-practices-and-policies-in-u-s-hospitals-findings-from-a-national-survey
#6
Ashley L Schoenfisch, Lisa A Pompeii
Concerns of violence in hospitals warrant examination of current hospital security practices. Cross-sectional survey data were collected from members of a health care security and safety association to examine the type of personnel serving as security in hospitals, their policies and practices related to training and weapon/restraint tool carrying/use, and the broader context in which security personnel work to maintain staff and patient safety, with an emphasis on workplace violence prevention and mitigation...
June 27, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289915/acute-effect-of-simultaneous-discharge-of-taser-x26taser-x26-on-anesthetized-swine-model
#7
Y-G Min, E-J Park, S-C Choi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236177/conducted-energy-device-taser-usage-in-subjects-with-mental-illness
#8
Cassandra A Bailey, William S Smock, Ashlee M Melendez, Rif S El-Mallakh
Use of a conducted-energy device (CED), or Taser, by law enforcement officers (LEOs) is recommended over more lethal forms of force. LEOs interact with a wide variety of people including individuals with mental illness and those with substance use disorders. The literature is devoid of data regarding the effect of CEDs on this special population. We used data collected by LEOs from 2008 to 2009. There were 233 cases over the two-year period. Of the 233 individuals on whom the Taser was used, 38 had a mental illness and 91 were under the influence of substances (not mutually exclusive)...
June 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27026689/targeting-ultrasound-remission-in-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-the-results-of-the-taser-study-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#9
James Dale, Anne Stirling, Ruiqi Zhang, David Purves, Jonathan Foley, Martin Sambrook, Philip G Conaghan, Désirée van der Heijde, Alex McConnachie, Iain B McInnes, Duncan Porter
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether an intensive early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treat-to-target (T2T) strategy could be improved through the use of musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) assessment of disease activity. METHODS: 111 newly diagnosed patients with RA or undifferentiated arthritis (symptom duration <1 year) were randomised to strategies that aimed to attain either DAS28-erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)<3.2 (control) or a total power Doppler joint count≤1 during a combined DAS28-ESR/MSUS assessment (intervention)...
June 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26938864/transanal-submucosal-endoscopic-resection-taser-by-teo-system%C3%A2
#10
José Luis Muñoz de Nova, Francisco Eduardo Viamontes Ugalde, Jorge Mendoza Jiménez-Ridruejo
Given the higher incidence of non-invasive colorectal tumors due to the further implementation of screening techniques, multiple endoscopic techniques have emerged for its resection. Recently described, transanal submucosal endoscopic resection (TASER) pools the concepts of endoscopic resection with the transanal surgery. We report our initial experience and reflections on this new technique.
July 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26860451/emergent-diagnosis-and-management-of-taser-penetrating-ocular-injury
#11
Arthur Jey, Peter Hull, Victoria Kravchuk, Briana Carillo, Jaemes Benjamin Martel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856279/the-role-of-neoangiogenesis-and-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-in-the-development-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-patients-with-diabetes
#12
A N Deger, H Deger, F Taser
OBJECTIVE: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is an entrapment neuropathy which is caused by the disruption of blood supply in the median nerve under transverse carpal ligament. Systemic factors facilitate the formation of the syndrome. In this study, neovascularization in the subsynovial tissue and proliferative activity in the stroma are analyzed within the cases of diabetic and idiopathic CTS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subsynovial connective tissue samples of 30 diabetes mellitus patients with CTS and 30 patients with idiopathic CTS were evaluated...
March 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26820671/molecular-and-biochemical-evidence-on-the-protective-effects-of-embelin-and-carnosic-acid-in-isoproterenol-induced-acute-myocardial-injury-in-rats
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Cengiz Kocak, Fatma Emel Kocak, Raziye Akcilar, Ozben Ozden Isiklar, Havva Kocak, Zeynep Bayat, Hasan Simsek, Figen Taser, Irfan Altuntas
AIMS: Acute myocardial infarction is a serious acute cardiac disorder and heart disease is still a major public health problem in adults. We investigated the effects of embelin (EMB) and carnosic acid (CA) in animals with isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial injury. MAIN METHODS: Adult male Wistar-Albino rats were divided into four groups: control, ISO, ISO with EMB, and ISO with CA. Before myocardial injury was induced, drugs were administered by oral gavage...
February 15, 2016: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26736265/cardiac-fibrillation-risks-with-taser-conducted-electrical-weapons
#14
Dorin Panescu, Mark Kroll, Michael Brave
The TASER(®) conducted electrical weapon (CEW) delivers electrical pulses that can temporarily incapacitate subjects. We analyzed the cardiac fibrillation risk with TASER CEWs. Our risk model accounted for realistic body mass index distributions, used a new model of effects of partial or oblique dart penetration and used recent epidemiological CEW statics.
2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26630100/taser-and-conducted-energy-weapons
#15
REVIEW
Thomas G LeClair, Tony Meriano
It is clear that CEWs are an increasingly prevalent law enforcement tool, adopted to address a complex and challenging problem. The potential for serious injury from a single deployment of a CEW is extremely low. The debate regarding the link between these electrical weapons and sudden in-custody death is likely to continue because their use is often in complex and volatile situations. Any consideration of injuries has to be put into that context. One must also consider what injuries to a subject would result if an alternative force method was used...
2015: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26603364/frontal-sinus-taser-dart-injury
#16
Madelene C Lewis, Daniel E Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26592466/taser-related-testicular-trauma
#17
Katherine Theisen, Rick Slater, Nathan Hale
The Thomas A. Swift's Electric Rifle (Taser) is an electrical weapon designed as a nonlethal means to subdue violent or fleeing subjects. Several reports have been published on the safety and efficacy of, as well as injury profile from, police Tasers. Documented urologic involvement is rare. The sequela of an electrical current from a Taser gun to the testis in regard to both short- and long-term functions is unknown. Herein we present a case of penetrating trauma to the scrotum from a Taser dart.
February 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26577942/tasers
#18
REVIEW
Owen Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557540/taser-%C3%A2-electronic-control-device-induced-rhabdomyolysis-and-renal-failure-a-case-report
#19
James Benjamin Gleason, Ibrahim Ahmad
Many law enforcement agencies around the United States are employing the use of TASER(®) electronic control devices (TASER(®) International Inc.) to subdue combative suspects. Since its inception the TASER(®) has had a temporal association with reports of rhabdomyolysis. Case reports have reported TASER(®) induced rhabdomyolysis as mild but serious cases have also been reported. Herein we present the case of a single patient who was admitted to our health network with severe rhabdomyolysis after receiving TASER(®) shocks and review the pertinent literature...
October 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26449334/arthroscopic-labral-repair-versus-labral-debridement-in-patients-with-femoroacetabular-impingement-a-minimum-2-5-year-follow-up-study
#20
Sarper Cetinkaya, Berkin Toker, Vahit E Ozden, Goksel Dikmen, Omer Taser
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical results of labral repair with labral debridement in patients undergoing arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement. METHODS: Between July 2008 and December 2011, 67 patients (73 hips) underwent arthroscopic treatment for femoroacetabular impingement. The repair group consisted of 33 patients; 18 hips with pincer only, 1 with CAM only and 15 with combined impingement. The debridement group contained 34 patients; 6 with pincer only, 5 with CAM only and 28 with combined type...
January 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
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