keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Taser

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186324/robust-inference-of-population-structure-from-next-generation-sequencing-data-with-systematic-differences-in-sequencing
#1
Peizhou Liao, Glen A Satten, Yi-Juan Hu
Motivation: Inferring population structure is important for both population genetics and genetic epidemiology. Principal components analysis (PCA) has been effective in ascertaining population structure with array genotype data but can be difficult to use with sequencing data, especially when low depth leads to uncertainty in called genotypes. Because PCA is sensitive to differences in variability, PCA using sequencing data can result in components that correspond to differences in sequencing quality (read depth and error rate), rather than differences in population structure...
November 27, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060331/new-conducted-electrical-weapons-thoracic-cage-shielding-effects
#2
Dorin Panescu, Mark W Kroll, Michael A Brave
INTRODUCTION: The TASER® conducted electrical weapon (CEW) delivers electrical pulses that can temporarily incapacitate subjects. For existing CEW models, we have previously presented the distribution of currents in tissues posterior to the sternum and their likelihood of triggering cardiac arrhythmias. New models, the eXperimental Rotating-Field (XRF) waveform CEW (in development) and the X2 CEW (released) have not been investigated. Both the XRF and X2 CEWs target a precise amount of delivered charge per pulse, 64 μC and 62 μC, respectively...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060330/new-conducted-electrical-weapons-electrical-safety-relative-to-relevant-standards
#3
Dorin Panescu, Max Nerheim, Mark W Kroll, Michael A Brave
INTRODUCTION: We have previously published about TASER® conducted electrical weapons (CEW) compliance with international standards. CEWs deliver electrical pulses that can inhibit a person's neuromuscular control or temporarily incapacitate. An eXperimental Rotating-Field (XRF) waveform CEW and the X2 CEW are new 2-shot electrical weapon models designed to target a precise amount of delivered charge per pulse. They both can deploy 1 or 2 dart pairs, delivered by 2 separate cartridges...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060327/new-conducted-electrical-weapons-finite-element-modeling-of-safety-margins
#4
Dorin Panescu, Mark W Kroll, Michael A Brave
Introduction-We have previously published on the ventricular fibrillation (VF) risk with TASER® X26 conducted electrical weapon (CEW). Our risk model accounted for realistic body mass index distributions, modeled the effects of partial or oblique dart penetration, and used epidemiological CEW statistics. As new CEWs have become available to law enforcement, their cardiac safety profile was not quantified. Therefore, we applied our VF probability model to evaluate their cardiac risk. Methods and Results-An eXperimental Rotating-Field (XRF) waveform CEW and the X2 CEW are new 2-shot electrical weapon models designed to target a precise amount of delivered charge per pulse, 64 μC and 62 μC, respectively...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016598/quantifying-underreporting-of-law-enforcement-related-deaths-in-united-states-vital-statistics-and-news-media-based-data-sources-a-capture-recapture-analysis
#5
Justin M Feldman, Sofia Gruskin, Brent A Coull, Nancy Krieger
BACKGROUND: Prior research suggests that United States governmental sources documenting the number of law-enforcement-related deaths (i.e., fatalities due to injuries inflicted by law enforcement officers) undercount these incidents. The National Vital Statistics System (NVSS), administered by the federal government and based on state death certificate data, identifies such deaths by assigning them diagnostic codes corresponding to "legal intervention" in accordance with the International Classification of Diseases-10th Revision (ICD-10)...
October 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866284/intracardiac-electrocardiographic-assessment-of-precordial-taser-shocks-in-human-subjects-a-pilot-study
#6
Jason P Stopyra, James E Winslow, David M Fitzgerald, William P Bozeman
BACKGROUND: Case reports of cardiac arrest in temporal proximity to Conducted Electrical Weapon(CEW) exposure raise legitimate concerns about this as a rare possibility. In this pilot study, we respectfully navigate the oversight and regulatory hurdles and demonstrate the intra-shock electrocardiographic effects of an intentional transcardiac CEW discharge using subcutaneous probes placed directly across the precordium of patients with a previously implanted intracardiac EKG sensing lead...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757185/effectiveness-of-conducted-electrical-weapons-to-prevent-violence-related-injuries-in-the-hospital
#7
Joshua J Gramling, Patricia M McGovern, Timothy R Church, Nancy M Nachreiner, Joseph E Gaugler
INTRODUCTION: Health care workers suffer higher rates of violence-related injuries than workers in other industries, with hospital security officers and ED personnel at particularly high risk for injury. Arming hospital security workers with conducted electrical weapons, such as tasers, has been suggested as an intervention to decrease violence-related injuries in the hospital. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of all security and ED nursing staff at an urban level 1 trauma center was identified from human resources data for the period 4 years before and 7 years after security workers were armed with conducted electrical weapons...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703047/assessment-of-people-who-have-been-tasered
#8
Matthew Peel
The use of Tasers® by the police is subject to intense scrutiny and controversy. With increasing numbers of police officers carrying Tasers, it is important that nurses in pre-hospital, emergency department and police custody settings understand how Tasers work, and the physiological effects. This article describes Tasers, their mechanisms and physiological effects, and explains how nurses should undertake assessment of people who have been subjected to Taser discharge.
July 13, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654804/fatal-and-non-fatal-burn-injuries-with-electrical-weapons-and-explosive-fumes
#9
Mark W Kroll, Mollie B Ritter, Howard E Williams
INTRODUCTION: While generally reducing morbidity and mortality, electrical weapons have risks associated with their usage, including eye injuries and falls. With the presence of explosive fumes or fuels there also exists the possibility of burn injury. METHODS: We searched for cases of fatal and non-fatal major burns with TASER(®) electrical weapon usage where there was a possibility that the weapon ignited the explosion. RESULTS: We confirmed 6 cases of fatal burn injury and 4 cases of major non-fatal burns out of 3...
August 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399089/-the-topical-problems-of-the-application-of-the-taser-electroshock-devices
#10
REVIEW
I V Kondratova, K Yu Kulinkovich
The objective of the present study was the analysis of publications in the foreign medical literature concerning the problems of safety, clinical diagnostics, pathological morphology, and treatment of the patients subjected to the impact by various models of the TASER electroshock devices. The materials for this article were borrowed from the available Internet resources and libraries. The methods of scientific analysis were employed to follow up the dynamics of publication and to determine the number of publications on the issues of interest...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269446/current-distribution-in-tissues-with-conducted-electrical-weapons-operated-in-drive-stun-mode
#11
Dorin Panescu, Mark W Kroll, Michael Brave
INTRODUCTION: The TASER® conducted electrical weapon (CEW) is best known for delivering electrical pulses that can temporarily incapacitate subjects by overriding normal motor control. The alternative drive-stun mode is less understood and the goal of this paper is to analyze the distribution of currents in tissues when the CEW is operated in this mode. METHODS AND RESULTS: Finite element modeling (FEM) was used to approximate current density in tissues with boundary electrical sources placed 40 mm apart...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268796/validity-of-the-small-swine-model-for-human-electrical-safety-risks
#12
Michael A Brave, Dhanunjaya R Lakkireddy, Mark W Kroll, Dorin Panescu
Small swine are the most common model now used for electrical safety studies. Because of the significant anatomical and electrophysiological differences and the effect of animal size on the ventricular fibrillation (VF) threshold, there are concerns that these differences may exaggerate the risks of electrical devices to humans. We chose, as an illustrative and relevant example, swine studies of the TASER® conducted electrical weapon (CEW) as it has numerous published VF studies. We reviewed the published electrical swine safety studies for CEWs and compared them to finite element modeling studies, electrical safety standards, and epidemiological experience from field usage...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227692/current-distribution-in-tissues-with-conducted-electrical-weapons-operated-in-drive-stun-mode
#13
Dorin Panescu, Mark W Kroll, Michael Brave, Dorin Panescu, Mark W Kroll, Michael Brave, Dorin Panescu, Mark W Kroll, Michael Brave
INTRODUCTION: The TASER® conducted electrical weapon (CEW) is best known for delivering electrical pulses that can temporarily incapacitate subjects by overriding normal motor control. The alternative drive-stun mode is less understood and the goal of this paper is to analyze the distribution of currents in tissues when the CEW is operated in this mode. METHODS AND RESULTS: Finite element modeling (FEM) was used to approximate current density in tissues with boundary electrical sources placed 40 mm apart...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226990/validity-of-the-small-swine-model-for-human-electrical-safety-risks
#14
Michael A Brave, Dhanunjaya R Lakkireddy, Mark W Kroll, Dorin Panescu, Michael A Brave, Dhanunjaya R Lakkireddy, Mark W Kroll, Dorin Panescu, Dhanunjaya R Lakkireddy, Mark W Kroll, Dorin Panescu, Michael A Brave
Small swine are the most common model now used for electrical safety studies. Because of the significant anatomical and electrophysiological differences and the effect of animal size on the ventricular fibrillation (VF) threshold, there are concerns that these differences may exaggerate the risks of electrical devices to humans. We chose, as an illustrative and relevant example, swine studies of the TASER(®) conducted electrical weapon (CEW) as it has numerous published VF studies. We reviewed the published electrical swine safety studies for CEWs and compared them to finite element modeling studies, electrical safety standards, and epidemiological experience from field usage...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215991/erratum-to-echocardiographic-evaluation-of-taser-x26-probe-deployment-into-the-chests-of-human-volunteers-american-journal-of-emergency-medicine-2010-28-49-55
#15
Donald M Dawes, Jeffrey D Ho, Robert F Reardon, James R Miner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992724/folate-targeted-surface-enhanced-resonance-raman-scattering-nanoprobe-ratiometry-for-detection-of-microscopic-ovarian-cancer
#16
Anton Oseledchyk, Chrysafis Andreou, Matthew A Wall, Moritz F Kircher
Ovarian cancer has a unique pattern of metastatic spread, in that it initially spreads locally within the peritoneal cavity. This is in contrast to most other cancer types, which metastasize early on via the bloodstream to distant sites. This unique behavior opens up an opportunity for local application of both therapeutic and imaging agents. Upon initial diagnosis, 75% of patients already present with diffuse peritoneal spread involving abdominal organs. Complete resection of all tumor implants has been shown to be a major factor for improved survival...
February 28, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749514/therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-lopinavir-in-hiv-infected-children-on-second-line-antiretroviral-therapy-in-asia
#17
Linda Aurpibul, Sirinya Teerananchai, Wasana Prasitsuebsai, Tavitiya Sudjaritruk, Pope Kosalaraksa, Nia Kurniati, Khanh Huu Truong, Viet Chau Do, Lam Van Nguyen, Kulkanya Chokephaibulkit, Thida Singtoroj, Stephen J Kerr
BACKGROUND: Failure rates of second-line boosted protease inhibitor antiretroviral therapy regimens in children rise over time. Therapeutic drug monitoring can contribute to assessments of adherence. The authors assessed the performance characteristics of the US DHHS-recommended lopinavir (LPV) concentration of 1.0 mg/L for predicting virologic failure (VF) and intermediate- to high-level LPV resistance in Asian children. METHODS: LPV concentration, HIV RNA level, and adherence data from study participants in Thailand, Vietnam, and Indonesia receiving second-line LPV-based ART and followed for ≥24 weeks were analyzed...
December 2016: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651338/comparative-histopathological-evaluation-of-patients-with-diabetes-hypothyroidism-and-idiopathic-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#18
Figen Taser, Ayse Nur Deger, Hakkı Deger
AIM: To investigate and compare the histological findings of patients with diabetes, hypothyroidism and idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Subsynovial connective tissue samples of 51 idiopathic CTS patients (Group 1), 58 diabetic CTS patients (Group 2) and 16 hypothyroid CTS patients (Group 3) were evaluated in this study. The histopathological examination parameters were; number of fibroblasts, size of collagen fibers, vascular changes (vascular proliferation, intimal thickening and changes of vessel structures), edema and inflammatory infiltration...
2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448029/a-taser-conducted-electrical-weapon-with-cardiac-biomonitoring-capability-proof-of-concept-and-initial-human-trial
#19
Jason P Stopyra, Samuel I Ritter, Jennifer Beatty, James C Johnson, Douglas M Kleiner, James E Winslow, Alison R Gardner, William P Bozeman
INTRODUCTION: Despite research demonstrating the overall safety of Conducted Electrical Weapons (CEWs), commonly known by the brand name TASER(®), concerns remain regarding cardiac safety. The addition of cardiac biomonitoring capability to a CEW could prove useful and even lifesaving in the rare event of a medical crisis by detecting and analyzing cardiac rhythms during the period immediately after CEW discharge. OBJECTIVE: To combine an electrocardiogram (ECG) device with a CEW to detect and store ECG signals while still allowing the CEW to perform its primary function of delivering an incapacitating electrical discharge...
October 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429421/infection-risk-from-conducted-electrical-weapon-probes-what-do-we-know
#20
Mark W Kroll, Mollie B Ritter, Richard A Guilbault, Dorin Panescu
Concern has been raised over the infection risk of the TASER electrical weapon since the probes penetrate the skin. The manufacturing process produces unsterilized probes with a 5% rate of Staphylococcus aureus contamination. Voluntary recipients (n = 208) of probe exposures were surveyed and there were no self-observations of infection. With over 3.3 million probe landings, there have been 10 case reports of penetrations of sensitive tissue with no reported infections. The electrical field was modeled and found that the electrical pulses generate a field of over 1200 V/mm on the dart portion...
November 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
keyword
keyword
11998
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"