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effect of hydrocortisone on development of shock among patients

Yoann Launey, Sigismond Lasocki, Karim Asehnoune, Baptiste Gaudriot, Claire Chassier, Raphael Cinotti, Pascale Le Maguet, Leila Laksiri, Olivier Mimoz, Audrey Tawa, Nicolas Nesseler, Yannick Malledant, Bastien Perrot, Philippe Seguin
PURPOSE: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common in the intensive care unit (ICU), notably in patients with septic shock for whom inflammation is an already identified risk factor. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of low-dose hydrocortisone on AF occurrence in patients with septic shock. METHODS: We performed a prospective nonrandomized observational study in 5 academic ICUs in France. From November 2012 to June 2014, all patients ≥16 years having septic shock were included, except those who had a history of AF, had a pacemaker, and/or experienced AF during hospitalization before the onset of shock or in whom the onset of shock occurred prior to admission to the ICU...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Didier Keh, Evelyn Trips, Gernot Marx, Stefan P Wirtz, Emad Abduljawwad, Sven Bercker, Holger Bogatsch, Josef Briegel, Christoph Engel, Herwig Gerlach, Anton Goldmann, Sven-Olaf Kuhn, Lars Hüter, Andreas Meier-Hellmann, Axel Nierhaus, Stefan Kluge, Josefa Lehmke, Markus Loeffler, Michael Oppert, Kerstin Resener, Dirk Schädler, Tobias Schuerholz, Philipp Simon, Norbert Weiler, Andreas Weyland, Konrad Reinhart, Frank M Brunkhorst
Importance: Adjunctive hydrocortisone therapy is suggested by the Surviving Sepsis Campaign in refractory septic shock only. The efficacy of hydrocortisone in patients with severe sepsis without shock remains controversial. Objective: To determine whether hydrocortisone therapy in patients with severe sepsis prevents the development of septic shock. Design, Setting, and Participants: Double-blind, randomized clinical trial conducted from January 13, 2009, to August 27, 2013, with a follow-up of 180 days until February 23, 2014...
November 1, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Tomoyuki Shimokaze, Kazuhiro Akaba, Emi Saito
Preterm infants may develop acute systemic hypotension that responds to glucocorticoid therapy, but not to volume loading or vasopressors, during the postnatal period. This condition is termed late-onset circulatory collapse (LCC) that develops a few weeks after birth in relatively stable infants. LCC may cause periventricular leukomalacia, periventricular necrosis in the white matter. The aim of this study was to identify the clinical characteristics of LCC. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of infants with LCC...
March 2015: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
M Belghith, M Boussarsar, H Haguiga, L Besbes, S Elatrous, N Touzi, R Boujdaria, A Bchir, S Nouira, S Bouchoucha, F Abroug
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Although evidence of scorpion antivenin effectiveness in the clinical setting is lacking, scorpion antivenin is generally considered the only specific treatment for scorpion sting irrespective of its clinical severity. We conducted a matched-pair study to assess the efficacy of systematic administration of scorpion antivenin. METHODS: Among 600 stung patients who participated in a study on the efficacy of high-dose hydrocortisone after scorpion sting, 135 (cases) had been treated with 10 to 20 mL intravenous scorpion antivenin (neutralizing 10 LD50 venom/mL)...
1999: Journal of Toxicology. Clinical Toxicology
T N Swe, M Khin, M M Thwin, S Naing
Forty-eight Russell's viper bite patients (40 males, 8 females), age ranging from 16-76 years were studied. Out of 48 patients, 14 were found to have a prolonged whole blood clotting time test (WBCT) (i.e. incoagulable blood) (Group 1); 23 had a normal WBCT (i.e. clotted blood) (Group II); and 11 patients had a normal WBCT on admission which changed to non-clotting during the clinical course (Group III). Four patients from group I developed hypotension and 2 expired. The serum cortisol concentration (mean +/- SEM) on admission among groups I and II were 639 +/- 45...
June 1997: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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