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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036206/risk-characterization-of-hospitalizations-for-mental-illness-and-or-behavioral-disorders-with-concurrent-heat-related-illness
#1
Michael T Schmeltz, Janet L Gamble
BACKGROUND: Many studies have found significant associations between high ambient temperatures and increases in heat-related morbidity and mortality. Several studies have demonstrated that increases in heat-related hospitalizations are elevated among individuals with diagnosed mental illnesses and/or behavioral disorders (MBD). However, there are a limited number of studies regarding risk factors associated with specific mental illnesses that contribute, at least in part, to heat-related illnesses (HRI) in the United States...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986209/effects-of-prenatal-alcohol-exposure-in-a-prospective-sample-of-young-adults-mental-health-substance-use-and-difficulties-with-the-legal-system
#2
Mary Ellen Lynch, Julie A Kable, Claire D Coles
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have focused on the transition to adulthood in adults with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). In this study, we examine the occurrence of problem behavior at this transition, including mental health problems, substance use, and difficulties with the legal system. The sample is prospective and provides an opportunity to examine effects of a wide range of prenatal exposure. Adults with PAE were expected to show more problem behavior; the impact of level of exposure was examined as well...
October 3, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977662/discrimination-and-depressive-symptoms-among-african-american-men-across-the-adult-lifecourse
#3
Felicia V Wheaton, Courtney S Thomas, Carly Roman, Cleopatra M Abdou
Objectives: A lifecourse framework was used to examine the association between major and everyday measures of perceived discrimination and depressive symptoms among African American men and to evaluate whether these relationships differed for young, middle-aged, and older men. Method: The association between both major and everyday discrimination and depressive symptoms, as measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale, was assessed among 296 African American men in the 2011-2014 Nashville Stress and Health Study (NSAHS) using ordinary least squares regression...
July 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977531/the-paradoxical-impact-of-companionship-on-the-mental-health-of-older-african-american-men
#4
Jamie A Mitchell, Tamara Cadet, Shanna Burke, Ed-Dee Williams, Daniel Alvarez
Objectives: African Americans comprise 9% of the 46 million U.S. adults over age 65. Two thirds of older African American men (AAM) reside with companions. This study investigated the assumption that frequent contact with companions confers mainly health-related benefits for AAM. Methods: Utilizing secondary data from the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center, the relationship between older AAM's mental health and related conditions (depression, anxiety, and sleep disturbances), companion living arrangements, and frequency of contact with the participants for 3,423 older AAM and their 1,161 companions, was examined...
July 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977465/peer-education-productive-engagement-for-older-african-americans-in-recovery-from-depression
#5
Kyaien O Conner, Amber Gum, Angela Johnson, Tamara Cadet, Charlotte Brown
Background and Objectives: Older adults who have personal experience with the mental health service delivery system gain unique and potentially valuable insight from their treatment experiences. Research suggests that incorporating trained individuals in recovery from a mental illness (i.e., peer educators) into mental health service delivery roles results in substantial benefits for current mental health consumers, particularly for older adults and racial and ethnic minorities who may feel disenfranchised from the traditional mental health service delivery system...
June 17, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966991/illustrating-and-analyzing-the-processes-of-multi-institutional-collaboration-lessons-learnt-at-howard-university-hospital
#6
Mansoor Malik, Suneeta Kumari, Partam Manalai, Maria Hipolito
Multi-institutional collaboration offers a promising approach to the dissemination of resources for capacity building and the improvement of the training of new investigators and residents, especially in areas of novel curricular content. Physicians should keep pace with the rapid growth of curricular content in an era of restricted resources. Such collaborations, in which educational entities work together and share resources and infrastructure, have been employed in health care to improve quality of care, capacity building, disparity reduction, and resident training...
May 2017: Internal Medicine Review (Washington, D.C.: Online)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966415/involvement-in-the-juvenile-justice-system-for-african-american-adolescents-examining-associations-with-behavioral-health-problems
#7
Dexter R Voisin, Dongha Kim, Lois Takahashi, Phillip Morotta, Kathryn Bocanegra
While researchers have found that African American youth experience higher levels of juvenile justice involvement at every system level (arrest, sentencing, and incarceration) relative to their other ethnic counterparts, few studies have explored how juvenile justice involvement and number of contacts might be correlated with this broad range of problems. A convenience sample of 638 African American adolescents living in predominantly low-income, urban communities participated in a survey related to juvenile justice involvement...
2017: Journal of Social Service Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961650/the-prevalence-and-mental-and-physical-health-correlates-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-vulnerable-and-underresourced-primary-care-patients-referred-to-a-behavioral-health-provider
#8
Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Candice N Selwyn, Selena Jackson, Keri Johns, Cory Wornell, Heather Finnegan, Mary B Smith-West
CONTEXT: The prevalence of trauma exposure among vulnerable, impoverished patients seeking primary care services is considerable. However, assessment of trauma-related symptoms is rare, even among behavioral health patients receiving primary care services within integrated health care centers. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of clinically noteworthy trauma-related symptoms and their associations with other co-occurring mental and physical symptoms as well as self-reported resiliency...
November 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958866/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-among-older-adults-differences-between-baby-boomers-and-pre-boomers
#9
Sheryl R Groden, Amanda Toler Woodward, Linda M Chatters, Robert Joseph Taylor
OBJECTIVES: To compare use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) across age cohorts. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys. PARTICIPANTS: Adults born in 1964 or earlier (N = 11,371). Over half (61.3%) are baby boomers and 53% are female. Seventy-five percent of the sample is white, 10.2% African American, 0.6% black Caribbean, 9.35% Latino, and 4.1% Asian. MEASUREMENTS: The dependent variable is a dichotomous variable indicating use of any CAM...
August 12, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956706/comparing-the-effect-of-a-moderate-physical-activity-intervention-on-the-mental-health-outcomes-of-african-american-and-caucasian-dementia-family-caregivers-a-secondary-data-analysis
#10
Fawn A Cothran, Olimpia Paun, Lisa L Barnes, Fayron Epps, Michael Schoeny, Carol J Farran
Increased attention to the effects of the stressful demands of caregiving on the mental health of dementia caregivers has resulted in the development of numerous interventions. The current study is a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial that tested a 12-month moderate physical activity intervention with dementia caregivers. Our secondary data analysis examined racial differences in caregiver mental health outcomes including subjective burden, depressive symptoms, and positive affect, as well as differences in physical activity...
September 28, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945177/prevalence-and-predictors-of-mental-health-programming-among-u-s-religious-congregations
#11
Eunice C Wong, Brad R Fulton, Kathryn P Derose
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the prevalence of and factors associated with congregation-based programming in support of people with mental illness. METHODS: To estimate the proportion of congregations that provide mental health programming, this study reports analyses of survey responses from the 2012 National Congregations Study, a nationally representative survey of religious congregations in the United States (N=1,327). The analysis used multivariate logistic regression to identify congregational characteristics associated with the provision of mental health programming...
September 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944679/risk-and-protective-factors-for-health-related-quality-of-life-among-persons-aging-with-hiv
#12
Annie L Nguyen, Candice J McNeil, S Duke Han, Scott D Rhodes
For persons living with HIV, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) may be threatened by physical and mental conditions but may be protected by positive psychological traits. We performed an exploratory look at the risk and protective factors for HRQOL in older adults living with HIV. Cross-sectional analyses of baseline data from the Rush Center of Excellence on Disparities in HIV and Aging (CEDHA), a community-based cohort of persons ages ≥50 living with HIV (n = 176) were performed. Analyses examined the relationship between risk/protective factors and two outcomes (i...
September 25, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943829/perceptions-and-receptivity-of-non-spousal-family-support-a-mixed-methods-study-of-psychological-distress-among-older-church-going-african-american-men
#13
Daphne C Watkins, Tracy Wharton, Jamie A Mitchell, Niki Matusko, Helen Kales
The purpose of this study was to explore the role of non-spousal family support on mental health among older, church-going African American men. The mixed methods objective was to employ a design that used existing qualitative and quantitative data to explore the interpretive context within which social and cultural experiences occur. Qualitative data (n=21) were used to build a conceptual model that was tested using quantitative data (n= 401). Confirmatory factor analysis indicated an inverse association between non-spousal family support and distress...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Mixed Methods Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940059/pilot-design-and-implementation-of-an-innovative-mental-health-and-wellness-clinic-at-a-historically-black-college-university
#14
Jessica R Moore, David E Pollio, Barry A Hong, Celeste Valencia, Michael Sorrell, Carol S North
A pilot mental health and wellness clinic was developed and implemented on the campus of Paul Quinn College, a small Historically Black College and University (HBCU) in Dallas, TX, to address mental health disparities in an African-American student population. Additionally, a series of student engagement activities was developed and implemented to address stigma and enhance linkage to the clinic. The student engagement activities were well attended. In all, 14 students requested a total of 97 appointments during the spring 2016 semester, but attended only 41 appointments...
September 22, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916954/discrimination-and-mental-health-in-a-representative-sample-of-african-american-and-afro-caribbean-youth
#15
Lee M Pachter, Cleopatra H Caldwell, James S Jackson, Bruce A Bernstein
BACKGROUND: Racism and discrimination are psychosocial stressors that affect the health of minority populations. While discrimination has been associated with poor mental health, little is known about the relationship between discrimination and mental health outcomes in youth nationally. Furthermore, mental and behavioral health consequences of discrimination may differ in different minority groups. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to determine (1) how common perceptions of discrimination are in a nationally representative sample of African-American (AA) and Afro-Caribbean (AC) teens, (2) the relationship between discrimination and mental health conditions, and (3) whether discrimination has different associations with mental health in AA and AC youth...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913713/ethnic-groups-differ-in-how-poor-self-rated-mental-health-reflects-psychiatric-disorders
#16
Shervin Assari
AIM: This study aimed to explore cross-ethnic variation in the pattern of the associations between psychiatric disorders and self-rated mental health (SRMH) in the USA. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003, a national household probability sample. The study enrolled 18,237 individuals who were either Non-Hispanic White (n = 7587), African American (n = 4746), Mexican (n = 1442), Cuban (n = 577), Puerto Rican (n = 495), Other Hispanic (n = 1106), Vietnamese (n = 520), Filipino (n = 508), Chinese (n = 600) or Other Asian (n = 656)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905691/from-family-violence-exposure-to-violent-offending-examining-effects-of-race-and-mental-health-in-a-moderated-mediation-model-among-confined-male-juveniles
#17
Rebecca L Fix, Apryl A Alexander, Barry R Burkhart
Depression, substance use, and impulsivity have been linked to family violence exposure and to the development of violent offending during adolescence. Additionally, the indirect effects associated with these factors may not generalize across different racial/ethnic adolescent populations. The present study tested whether race/ethnicity moderated the mediated relationship between family violence exposure and violent offending, with depression, substance use, and impulsivity as mediators. A sample of 1,359 male adolescents was obtained from a juvenile correctional program...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902547/effect-of-police-training-and-accountability-on-the-mental-health-of-african-american-adults
#18
Hans Oh, Jordan DeVylder, Geoffrey Hunt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902444/genomewide-association-studies-of-suicide-attempts-in-us-soldiers
#19
Murray B Stein, Erin B Ware, Colter Mitchell, Chia-Yen Chen, Susan Borja, Tianxi Cai, Catherine L Dempsey, Carol S Fullerton, Joel Gelernter, Steven G Heeringa, Sonia Jain, Ronald C Kessler, James A Naifeh, Matthew K Nock, Stephan Ripke, Xiaoying Sun, Jean C Beckham, Nathan A Kimbrel, Robert J Ursano, Jordan W Smoller
Suicide is a global public health problem with particular resonance for the US military. Genetic risk factors for suicidality are of interest as indicators of susceptibility and potential targets for intervention. We utilized population-based nonclinical cohorts of US military personnel (discovery: N = 473 cases and N = 9778 control subjects; replication: N = 135 cases and N = 6879 control subjects) and a clinical case-control sample of recent suicide attempters (N = 51 cases and N = 112 control subjects) to conduct GWAS of suicide attempts (SA)...
September 13, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886675/self-criticism-and-depressive-symptoms-mediating-role-of-self-compassion
#20
Huaiyu Zhang, Natalie N Watson-Singleton, Sara E Pollard, Delishia M Pittman, Dorian A Lamis, Nicole L Fischer, Bobbi Patterson, Nadine J Kaslow
Self-compassion is gaining recognition as a resilience factor with implications for positive mental health. This study investigated the role of self-compassion in alleviating the effect of self-criticism on depressive symptoms. Participants were 147 urban, low-income African Americans with a recent suicide attempt. They were administered measures of self-criticism, depressive symptoms, and self-compassion. Results from this cross-sectional investigation showed that self-criticism was positively associated with depressive symptoms and negatively associated with self-compassion, and self-compassion was negatively associated with depressive symptoms...
January 1, 2017: Omega
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