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African American mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923183/the-distal-consequences-of-physical-and-emotional-neglect-in-emerging-adults-a-person-centered-multi-wave-longitudinal-study
#1
Joseph R Cohen, Suvarna V Menon, Ryan C Shorey, Vi Donna Le, Jeff R Temple
Despite being the most prevalent form of child maltreatment, the correlates and consequences of neglect are poorly understood, particularly during early adulthood. The present multi-wave, longitudinal study sought to address this gap in this literature by examining physical and emotional neglect in emerging adults in a diverse community sample. 580 adolescents (AgeMean=18.25; AgeSD=0.59; 58.3% female; 31% Hispanic, 28.9% Caucasian; 26.2% African-American; 13.9% other) completed self-report measures for child maltreatment at baseline, and measures for depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and substance use every year for three years...
December 3, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904992/the-relationship-between-race-patient-activation-and-working-alliance-implications-for-patient-engagement-in-mental-health-care
#2
Johanne Eliacin, Jessica M Coffing, Marianne S Matthias, Diana J Burgess, Matthew J Bair, Angela L Rollins
This study explored the relationship between race and two key aspects of patient engagement-patient activation and working alliance-among a sample of African-American and White veterans (N = 152) seeking medication management for mental health conditions. After adjusting for demographics, race was significantly associated with patient activation, working alliance, and medication adherence scores. Patient activation was also associated with working alliance. These results provide support for the consideration of race and ethnicity in facilitating patient engagement and patient activation in mental healthcare...
December 1, 2016: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898496/distinctive-trajectories-of-opioid-use-over-an-extended-follow-up-of-patients-in-a-multisite-trial-on-buprenorphine%C3%A2-%C3%A2-naloxone-and-methadone
#3
Yih-Ing Hser, David Huang, Andrew J Saxon, George Woody, Andrew L Moskowitz, Abigail G Matthews, Walter Ling
OBJECTIVES: Uncovering heterogeneities in longitudinal patterns (trajectories) of opioid use among individuals with opioid use disorder can increase our understanding of disease progression and treatment responses to improve care. The present study aims to identify distinctive opioid use trajectories and factors associated with these patterns among participants randomized to treatment with methadone (MET) or buprenorphine + naloxone (BUP). METHODS: Growth mixture modeling was applied to identify distinctive opioid use trajectories among 795 opioid users after their enrollment in a multisite trial during 2006 to 2009, with follow-up interviews conducted during 2011 to 2014...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890344/community-level-moderators-of-a-school-based-childhood-sexual-assault-prevention-program
#4
Matthew C Morris, Chrystyna D Kouros, Kim Janecek, Rachel Freeman, Alyssa Mielock, Judy Garber
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is highly prevalent and associated with a wide variety of negative mental and physical health outcomes. School-based CSA education and prevention programs have shown promise, but it is unclear to what extent community-level characteristics are related to their effectiveness. The present cluster randomized controlled trial evaluated community-level moderators of the Safe@Lastprogramcomparedtoawaitlistcontrolcondition.(*) Knowledge gains from pre- to post-intervention were assessed in 5 domains: safe versus unsafe people; safe choices; problem-solving; clear disclosure; and assertiveness...
November 24, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869461/race-differences-in-depression-vulnerability-following-hurricane-katrina
#5
Jeanelle S Ali, Amy S Farrell, Adam C Alexander, David R Forde, Michelle Stockton, Kenneth D Ward
Objective: This study investigated whether racial disparities in depression were present after Hurricane Katrina. Method: Data were gathered from 932 New Orleans residents who were present when Hurricane Katrina struck, and who returned to New Orleans the following year. Multiple logistic regression models evaluated racial differences in screening positive for depression (a score ≥16 on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale), and explored whether differential vulnerability (prehurricane physical and mental health functioning and education level), differential exposure to hurricane-related stressors, and loss of social support moderated and/or reduced the association of race with depression...
November 21, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863611/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-adapted-for-depressed-disadvantaged-women-in-an-urban-federally-qualified-health-center
#6
Inger E Burnett-Zeigler, Maureen D Satyshur, Sunghyun Hong, Amy Yang, Judith T Moskowitz, Katherine L Wisner
BACKGROUND: In this study we examine the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of mindfulness based stress reduction adapted for delivery in an urban Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC). METHODS: Thirty-one African- American adult women ages 18-65 with depressive symptoms enrolled to participate in an 8-week mindfulness group intervention. The primary outcome (depression) and secondary outcomes (stress, mindfulness, functioning, well-being, and depression stigma) were assessed at baseline, 8 and 16-weeks...
November 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854440/experiencing-racial-microaggressions-influences-suicide-ideation-through-perceived-burdensomeness-in-african-americans
#7
David W Hollingsworth, Ashley B Cole, Victoria M O'Keefe, Raymond P Tucker, Chandra R Story, LaRicka R Wingate
Racial microaggressions are a contemporary form of subtle discrimination that occur in everyday exchanges, and are associated with a variety of negative mental health outcomes, including suicide ideation. Previous work (e.g., Torres-Harding, Andrade, & Romero Diaz, 2012) has identified 6 dimensions of racial microaggressions: invisibility, criminality, low-achieving/undesirable culture, sexualization, foreigner/not belonging, and environmental invalidations. The current study examined whether the 6 dimensions of racial microaggressions were associated with increased suicide ideation through perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness among 135 African American young adults...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844461/antecedents-of-suicide-among-youth-aged-11-15-a-multistate-mixed-methods-analysis
#8
Kristin M Holland, Alana M Vivolo-Kantor, Joseph E Logan, Ruth W Leemis
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for youth aged 11 to 15, taking over 5,500 lives from 2003 to 2014. Suicide among this age group is linked to risk factors such as mental health problems, family history of suicidal behavior, biological factors, family problems, and peer victimization and bullying. However, few studies have examined the frequency with which such problems occur among youth suicide decedents or the context in which decedents experience these risk factors and the complex interplay of risk that results in a decedent's decision to take his/her own life...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842475/evaluation-of-antistigma-interventions-with-sixth-grade-students-a-school-based-field-experiment
#9
Kirstin Painter, Jo C Phelan, Melissa J DuPont-Reyes, Kay F Barkin, Alice P Villatoro, Bruce G Link
OBJECTIVE: School-based interventions for preadolescents provide the opportunity, in a ubiquitous institutional setting, to attack stigmatizing attitudes before they are firmly entrenched, and thus they may reduce mental illness stigma in the overall population. This study evaluated the effectiveness of classroom-based interventions in reducing stigma and increasing understanding of mental illness and positive attitudes toward treatment seeking among sixth-grade students. METHODS: In an ethnically and racially diverse sample (N=721), 40% of participants were Latino, 26% were white, and 24% were African American; the mean age was 11...
November 15, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842468/the-role-of-faith-based-organizations-in-the-depression-care-of-african-americans-and-hispanics-in-los-angeles
#10
Michelle Dalencour, Eunice C Wong, Lingqi Tang, Elizabeth Dixon, Aziza Lucas-Wright, Kenneth Wells, Jeanne Miranda
OBJECTIVE: This study examined use of depression care provided by faith-based organizations (FBOs) by African Americans and Hispanics and factors associated with the receipt of such care, including mental illness severity and use of traditional mental health services. METHODS: The study used baseline data from the Community Partners in Care study, a group-randomized trial comparing a community-partnered approach with a technical-assistance approach to improving depression care in underresourced communities in Los Angeles...
November 15, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807700/angry-scared-and-unsure-mental-health-consequences-of-contaminated-water-in-flint-michigan
#11
Courtney A Cuthbertson, Cathy Newkirk, Joan Ilardo, Scott Loveridge, Mark Skidmore
Natural and manmade crises impact community-level behavioral health, including mental health and substance use. This article shares findings from a larger project about community behavioral health, relevant to the ongoing water crisis in Flint, Michigan, using data from a larger study, involving monthly surveys of a panel of key informants from Genesee County. The data come from open-response questions and are analyzed as qualitative data using grounded theory techniques. Although respondents were not asked about the water issues in Flint, participants commented that the water situation was increasing stress, anxiety, and depression among the city's population...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807210/the-social-and-individual-characteristics-of-women-associated-with-engagement-with-multiple-intimate-violent-partners
#12
Sara F Stein, Andrew A Grogan-Kaylor, Maria M Galano, Hannah M Clark, Sandra A Graham-Bermann
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health problem with known negative physical and mental health outcomes for women exposed. Studies have shown that with increased violence exposure, there are increased risks of negative outcomes for women. Likewise, chronicity of IPV across multiple partners is linked to more profound psychological suffering than acute exposure. However, little is known about the social- and individual-level characteristics of women that are correlated with engagement with multiple abusive partners...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805833/impact-of-grandchild-caregiving-on-african-american-grandparents
#13
Preethy S Samuel, Christina N Marsack, Lisa A Johnson, Barbara W LeRoy, Catherine L Lysack, Peter A Lichtenberg
The aim of this study was to describe the context and impact of caregiving for grandchildren with health concerns on grandparents. The study sample comprised 391 African American grandparents aged 55 or older. Logistic regression analysis indicated that grandparent caregivers of grandchildren with psychiatric or behavioral problems were more likely to experience a negative impact on their health (AOR = 7.86, p =.008) and leisure (AOR = 14.31, p =.024) than grandparent caregivers of grandchildren with no or other types of health problems...
November 2, 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799020/a-prospective-study-of-racial-and-ethnic-variation-in-va-psychotherapy-services-for-ptsd
#14
Michele R Spoont, Nina A Sayer, Shannon M Kehle-Forbes, Laura A Meis, David B Nelson
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether there are racial or ethnic disparities in receipt of U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) psychotherapy services for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the authors examined the odds of receipt of any psychotherapy and of individual psychotherapy among self-identified racial and ethnic groups for six months after individuals were diagnosed as having PTSD. METHODS: Data were from a national prospective cohort study of 6,884 veterans with PTSD...
November 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787675/psychosocial-and-service-use-correlates-of-health-related-quality-of-life-among-a-vulnerable-population-living-with-hiv-aids
#15
Mary M Mitchell, Trang Q Nguyen, Sarina R Isenberg, Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Jeanne Keruly, Amy R Knowlton
Among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV), health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an important clinical metric of perceived well-being. Baseline data from the BEACON study (N = 383) were used to examine relationships between HRQOL and negative social support, HIV-related stigma, viral suppression, and physical and mental health service use among a vulnerable population of low-income, urban PLHIV who currently or formerly used substances, and were primarily African American. Factor analyses and structural equation modeling indicated that increases in negative social support, stigma, mental health care visits and HIV physician visits were associated with lower HRQOL, while viral suppression was associated with greater HRQOL...
October 27, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786503/buried-hatchets-marked-locations-forgiveness-everyday-racial-discrimination-and-african-american-men-s-depressive-symptomatology
#16
Wizdom Powell, Kira Hudson Banks, Jacqueline S Mattis
Everyday racial discrimination (ERD) is linked to pronounced depressive symptomatology among African American men. Yet, many African American men do not experience depressive symptoms following ERD exposure often because they use positive coping strategies that offset its effects. Granting forgiveness is 1 coping strategy associated with less depression. However, extant findings about the mental health benefits of forgiveness are somewhat mixed and pay scarce attention to offenses which are fleeting, historically rooted, and committed outside of close personal relationships...
October 27, 2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784820/older-church-going-african-americans-attitudes-and-expectations-about-formal-depression-care
#17
Tracy Wharton, Daphne C Watkins, Jamie Mitchell, Helen Kales
This phenomenological study involved focus groups with church-affiliated, African American women and men (N = 50; ages 50 and older) in southeast Michigan to determine their attitudes and expectations around formal mental health care. Data analysis employed a constant comparative approach and yielded themes related to formal mental health care, along with delineating concerns about defining depression, health, and well-being. Health and well-being were defined as inclusive of physical and spiritual aspects of self...
October 26, 2016: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771179/a-qualitative-description-of-hiv-infected-african-american-women-s-experiences-of-psychological-distress-and-their-coping-strategies
#18
Jill N Peltzer, Lisa Ogawa, Susan Tusher, Rose Farnan, Mary M Gerkovich
HIV-infected individuals are at risk for psychological distress, including depression, sadness, and suicidality. The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to examine 22 HIV-infected African American women's experiences of psychological distress and use of coping strategies. Data were collected through in-person one-on-one interviews until conceptual saturation was reached. Data were analyzed using inductive content analysis. Four themes were found: (a) psychoemotional suffering, (b) contextual factors negatively influence the everydayness of living with HIV infection, (c) HIV-related stigma perpetuates isolation and loneliness, and (d) creating a safe haven...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763472/estimates-of-mental-health-problems-in-a-vulnerable-population-within-a-primary-care-setting
#19
Darrell L Hudson, Kimberly A Kaphingst, Merriah A Croston, Melvin S Blanchard, Melody S Goodman
We examined the prevalence of mental disorders in a primary care setting affiliated with a large academic medical center. We also examined whether there were racial differences in mental health disorders. Patients were seeking medical care in an outpatient medical clinic; mental health data were available for them via medical records (n=767). Overall, 45% of patients had a diagnosed mental health problem; the most commonly reported form of mental disorder was depression. African Americans (OR= 1.88; CI: 1.21-2...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755063/the-built-environment-and-birth-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#20
Alexandra L Nowak, Carmen Giurgescu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review is to report findings of published studies of the relationships between poor-quality built environments and negative birth outcomes. METHOD: Quantitative studies measuring various aspects of the built environment including property damage, housing damage, physical disorder, physical incivilities, nuisance, vacancy, tenure, occupancy, and structural deterioration and their effects on birth outcomes such as preterm birth, low birthweight, and small for gestational age were identified using Scopus, PubMed, Medline, and PsycINFO databases...
January 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
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