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African American mental health

Kara Manning, Daniel J Paulus, Julianna B D Hogan, Julia D Buckner, Samantha G Farris, Michael J Zvolensky
Cannabis use rates continue to rise in the United States and currently cannabis is among the most widely used substances in the world. Cannabis use is associated with several mental health problems, low educational attainment, low income, and underemployment. The current study explored the tendency to experience negative affect (negative affectivity) as a factor accounting for the association between perceived distress tolerance and problems related to the use of cannabis. Participants included 203 urban adult daily cannabis users (29...
November 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Despite the wealth of literature on social determinants of mental health, less is known about the intersection of these determinants. Using a nationally representative sample, this study aimed to study separate, additive, and multiplicative effects of race, gender, and SES on the risk of major depressive episode (MDE) among American adults. METHODS: National Survey of American Life (NSAL) included 3570 African Americans and 891 Whites. Race, gender, socioeconomic status (SES, household income, education, employment, and marital status) were independent variables...
November 24, 2017: Brain Sciences
Ukamaka M Oruche, Sheri L Robb, Matt Aalsma, Bernice Pescosolido, Brittany Brown-Podgorski, Claire Burke Draucker
This article describes the development of a 6-week multiple caregiver group intervention for primary caregivers of adolescents diagnosed with Oppositional Defiant Disorder or Conduct Disorder in low-income African American families. The intervention is aimed at increasing the primary caregivers' self-efficacy in managing interactions within the family and especially with child serving educational, mental health, juvenile justice, and child welfare systems. Development of the intervention involved seven iterative activities performed in a collaborative effort between an interdisciplinary academic team, community engagement specialists, members of the targeted population, and clinical partners from a large public mental health system...
December 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Celia C Lo, Fan Yang, William Ash-Houchen, Tyrone C Cheng
BACKGROUND: Empirical evidence supports a hypothesis that cigarettes may be used to cope with mental illness. Little research, however, addresses how race/ethnicity is linked to mental health and cigarette use. OBJECTIVES: This study applied the self-medication hypothesis. It asked whether mental status was associated, via health-care access/utilization, with the cigarette use outcomes of four racial/ethnic groups. It also tested whether race/ethnicity moderated any such associations...
November 27, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Tiffany Haynes, Jerome Turner, Johnny Smith, Geoffrey Curran, Keneshia Bryant-Moore, Songthip T Ounpraseuth, Teresa Kramer, Kimberly Harris, Ellen Hutchins, Karen Hye-Cheon Kim Yeary
Rural African Americans are disproportionately exposed to numerous stressors such as poverty that place them at risk for experiencing elevated levels of depressive symptoms. Effective treatments for decreasing depressive symptoms exist, but rural African Americans often fail to receive adequate and timely care. Churches have been used to address physical health outcomes in rural African American communities, but few have focused primarily on addressing mental health outcomes. Our partnership, consisting of faith community leaders and academic researchers, adapted an evidence-based behavioral activation intervention for use with rural African American churches...
November 20, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Bridget Cauley, Jason C Immekus, Patrick Pössel
Teaching behaviors are associated with a range of student academic and mental health outcomes. Substantial academic, school disciplinary, and mental health disparities across African American and European American students suggest that diverse students may view and interpret teaching behaviors differently. The Teaching Behavior Questionnaire measures students' perceptions of teaching behaviors. The purpose of the current study was to examine the scale's factor structure among European American high school students using exploratory factor analysis and, subsequently, cross-validate using confirmatory factor analysis based on African American student data...
December 2017: Journal of School Psychology
Shervin Assari
In this study, we compared 10 ethnic groups for associations between psychiatric disorders and physical self-rated health (SRH) in the United States. Data came from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003. The study included 7587 non-Latino White, 4746 African American, 1442 Mexican, 1106 other Hispanic, 656 other Asian, 600 Chinese, 577 Cuban, 520 Vietnamese, 508 Filipino, and 495 Puerto Rican individuals. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used to measure psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD), general anxiety disorder (GAD), social phobia, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), alcohol abuse, and binge eating disorders...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Personalized Medicine
Leslie Morrison Gutman, Stephen C Peck, Oksana Malanchuk, Arnold J Sameroff, Jacquelynne S Eccles
In this monograph, we investigate the developmental trajectories of a predominantly middle-class, community-based sample of European American and African American adolescents growing up in urban, suburban, and rural areas in Maryland, United States. Within risk-protection and positive youth development frameworks, we selected developmental measures based on the normative tasks of adolescence and the most widely studied indicators in the three major contexts of development: families, peer groups, and schools...
December 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
Donna M Cole, Dawna Marie Thomas, Kelsi Field, Amelia Wool, Taryn Lipiner, Natalie Massenberg, Barbara J Guthrie
Past drug epidemics have disproportionately criminalized drug addiction among African Americans, leading to disparate health outcomes, increased rates of HIV/AIDS, and mass incarceration. Conversely, the current opioid addiction crisis in the USA focuses primarily on white communities and is being addressed as a public health problem. The 21st Century Cures Act has the potential to reduce racial health disparities in the criminal justice system through the Act's public health approach to addiction and mental health issues...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Shervin Assari, Maryam Moghani Lankarani, Cleopatra Howard Caldwell
BACKGROUND: Discrimination is a common experience for Blacks across various developmental periods. Although much is known about the effect of discrimination on suicidal ideation of adults, less is known about the same association in Black youth. AIM: We examined the association between discrimination and suicidal ideation in a national sample of Black youth. We also explored gender and ethnic differences in this association. METHODS: We used data from the National Survey of American Life-Adolescents (NSAL-A), 2003-2004...
November 6, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
Monnica T Williams, Jonathan W Kanter, Terence H W Ching
Prior research has demonstrated a clear relationship between experiences of racial microaggressions and various indicators of psychological unwellness. One concern with these findings is that the role of negative affectivity, considered a marker of neuroticism, has not been considered. Negative affectivity has previously been correlated to experiences of racial discrimination and psychological unwellness and has been suggested as a cause of the observed relationship between microaggressions and psychopathology...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Anjali Sankar, Sergi G Costafreda, Lauren B Marangell, Cynthia H Y Fu
OBJECTIVE: The other race effect, also known as own race bias, refers to the enhanced ability to recognize faces belonging to one's own race relative to faces from another race. The other race effect is associated with increased amygdala response in healthy individuals. The amygdala is a key node in emotion processing which shows impaired functioning in depression and has been proposed to be a marker of depressive state. We investigated the impact of the other race effect on amygdala responses in depression...
October 25, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
Erin M Bergner, Emily K Cornish, Kenay Horne, Derek M Griffith
OBJECTIVE: Being an African American man is a risk factor for prostate cancer and there is little consensus about the utility of screening, early detection, and the efficacy of treatment for the disease. In this context, this systematic review examines the roles women, particularly wives, play in African American men's prostate cancer screening and treatment decision-making. METHODS: We searched OVID Medline (R), CINAHL (EBSCO), PsychInfo (EBSCO), PubMED, Cochrane Library, ERIC (Firstsearch) and Web of Science to identify peer-review articles published between 1980-2016 that reported qualitative data about prostate cancer screening, diagnosis, or treatment in African American men...
October 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Michael T Schmeltz, Janet L Gamble
BACKGROUND: Many studies have found significant associations between high ambient temperatures and increases in heat-related morbidity and mortality. Several studies have demonstrated that increases in heat-related hospitalizations are elevated among individuals with diagnosed mental illnesses and/or behavioral disorders (MBD). However, there are a limited number of studies regarding risk factors associated with specific mental illnesses that contribute, at least in part, to heat-related illnesses (HRI) in the United States...
2017: PloS One
Mary Ellen Lynch, Julie A Kable, Claire D Coles
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have focused on the transition to adulthood in adults with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). In this study, we examine the occurrence of problem behavior at this transition, including mental health problems, substance use, and difficulties with the legal system. The sample is prospective and provides an opportunity to examine effects of a wide range of prenatal exposure. Adults with PAE were expected to show more problem behavior; the impact of level of exposure was examined as well...
October 3, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
Felicia V Wheaton, Courtney S Thomas, Carly Roman, Cleopatra M Abdou
Objectives: A lifecourse framework was used to examine the association between major and everyday measures of perceived discrimination and depressive symptoms among African American men and to evaluate whether these relationships differed for young, middle-aged, and older men. Method: The association between both major and everyday discrimination and depressive symptoms, as measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale, was assessed among 296 African American men in the 2011-2014 Nashville Stress and Health Study (NSAHS) using ordinary least squares regression...
July 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Jamie A Mitchell, Tamara Cadet, Shanna Burke, Ed-Dee Williams, Daniel Alvarez
Objectives: African Americans comprise 9% of the 46 million U.S. adults over age 65. Two thirds of older African American men (AAM) reside with companions. This study investigated the assumption that frequent contact with companions confers mainly health-related benefits for AAM. Methods: Utilizing secondary data from the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center, the relationship between older AAM's mental health and related conditions (depression, anxiety, and sleep disturbances), companion living arrangements, and frequency of contact with the participants for 3,423 older AAM and their 1,161 companions, was examined...
July 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Kyaien O Conner, Amber Gum, Angela Johnson, Tamara Cadet, Charlotte Brown
Background and Objectives: Older adults who have personal experience with the mental health service delivery system gain unique and potentially valuable insight from their treatment experiences. Research suggests that incorporating trained individuals in recovery from a mental illness (i.e., peer educators) into mental health service delivery roles results in substantial benefits for current mental health consumers, particularly for older adults and racial and ethnic minorities who may feel disenfranchised from the traditional mental health service delivery system...
June 17, 2017: Gerontologist
Mansoor Malik, Suneeta Kumari, Partam Manalai, Maria Hipolito
Multi-institutional collaboration offers a promising approach to the dissemination of resources for capacity building and the improvement of the training of new investigators and residents, especially in areas of novel curricular content. Physicians should keep pace with the rapid growth of curricular content in an era of restricted resources. Such collaborations, in which educational entities work together and share resources and infrastructure, have been employed in health care to improve quality of care, capacity building, disparity reduction, and resident training...
May 2017: Internal Medicine Review (Washington, D.C.: Online)
Dexter R Voisin, Dongha Kim, Lois Takahashi, Phillip Morotta, Kathryn Bocanegra
While researchers have found that African American youth experience higher levels of juvenile justice involvement at every system level (arrest, sentencing, and incarceration) relative to their other ethnic counterparts, few studies have explored how juvenile justice involvement and number of contacts might be correlated with this broad range of problems. A convenience sample of 638 African American adolescents living in predominantly low-income, urban communities participated in a survey related to juvenile justice involvement...
2017: Journal of Social Service Research
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