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African American mental health

Jill N Peltzer, Lisa Ogawa, Susan Tusher, Rose Farnan, Mary M Gerkovich
HIV-infected individuals are at risk for psychological distress, including depression, sadness, and suicidality. The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to examine 22 HIV-infected African American women's experiences of psychological distress and use of coping strategies. Data were collected through in-person one-on-one interviews until conceptual saturation was reached. Data were analyzed using inductive content analysis. Four themes were found: (a) psychoemotional suffering, (b) contextual factors negatively influence the everydayness of living with HIV infection, (c) HIV-related stigma perpetuates isolation and loneliness, and (d) creating a safe haven...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
Darrell L Hudson, Kimberly A Kaphingst, Merriah A Croston, Melvin S Blanchard, Melody S Goodman
We examined the prevalence of mental disorders in a primary care setting affiliated with a large academic medical center. We also examined whether there were racial differences in mental health disorders. Patients were seeking medical care in an outpatient medical clinic; mental health data were available for them via medical records (n=767). Overall, 45% of patients had a diagnosed mental health problem; the most commonly reported form of mental disorder was depression. African Americans (OR= 1.88; CI: 1.21-2...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Alexandra L Nowak, Carmen Giurgescu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review is to report findings of published studies of the relationships between poor-quality built environments and negative birth outcomes. METHOD: Quantitative studies measuring various aspects of the built environment including property damage, housing damage, physical disorder, physical incivilities, nuisance, vacancy, tenure, occupancy, and structural deterioration and their effects on birth outcomes such as preterm birth, low birthweight, and small for gestational age were identified using Scopus, PubMed, Medline, and PsycINFO databases...
October 13, 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Stella M Resko, Suzanne Brown, Natasha S Mendoza, Shantel Crosby, Antonio González-Prendes
OBJECTIVE: Perception of need is a key factor that influences decisions to seek help and complete treatment for substance use and mental health problems. In the current study, we examine patterns of perceived treatment needs among women with co-occurring substance use disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and explore how these patterns are associated with demographics, psychosocial variables, and treatment-related factors. METHODS: Secondary data analysis of the Women and Trauma Study from the National Institute on Drug Abuse's Clinical Trial Network was conducted...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Suzanne Brown, Laurel M Hicks, Elizabeth M Tracy
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 73% of women entering treatment for substance use disorders are mothers of children under the age of 18 (SAMHSA, 2009), and the high rate of mental health disorders among mothers with substance use disorders increases their vulnerability to poor parenting practices. Parenting efficacy and social support for parenting have emerged as significant predictors of positive parenting practices among families at risk for child maltreatment. The purpose of the current study was to examine the impact of parenting support and parenting efficacy on the likelihood of out-of-home placement and custody status among the children of mothers with dual substance use and mental health disorders...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Praful Schroff, Jason Hitchcock, Christopher Schumann, J Michael Wells, Mark T Dransfield, Surya P Bhatt
Rationale Current practice guidelines recommend pulmonary rehabilitation as an adjunct to standard pharmacologic therapy for individuals with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Whether pulmonary rehabilitation benefits all subjects with COPD independent of baseline disease burden is not known. Objective To test whether pulmonary rehabilitation benefits patients with COPD independent of baseline exercise capacity, dyspnea and lung function. Methods Data from a prospectively maintained database of participants with COPD enrolled in pulmonary rehabilitation at the University of Alabama at Birmingham from 1996 to 2013 was retrospectively analyzed...
October 14, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Peter James, Jaime E Hart, Rachel F Banay, Francine Laden, Lisa B Signorello
INTRODUCTION: Urban environments are associated with a higher risk of adverse mental health outcomes; however, it is unclear which specific components of the urban environment drive these associations. METHODS: Using data collected in 2002-2009 from 73,225 low-income, racially diverse individuals across the Southeastern U.S., analyses evaluated the cross-sectional relationship between a walkability index and depression. Walkability was calculated from population density, street connectivity, and destination count in the 1,200-meter area around participants' homes, and depression was measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale for depression symptomatology and questionnaire responses regarding doctor-diagnosed depression and antidepressant use...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Christopher Lance Coleman
The purpose of this study was to describe the correlates of condom use among a sample of N = 60 substance using seropositive men who have sex with (MSM). The mean age of the study participants was 52 ranging 50-75 years of age. Seventy-percent of study participants reporting smoking marijuana, 62% using cocaine, 25% heroin, 37% alcohol, and 30% amphetamines. Among those reporting substance use, 75% reported it was a hassle to use condoms, 42% indicated pleasure decreased with condom use, 72% indicated safer sex is boring, 72% reported the idea of using condoms is unappealing, 78% reported condoms ruined sex, and 71% said condoms interfered with romance...
August 12, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Bruce L Rollman, Bea Herbeck Belnap, Sati Mazumdar, Kaleab Z Abebe, Jordan F Karp, Eric J Lenze, Herbert C Schulberg
BACKGROUND: Collaborative care for depression is more effective in improving treatment outcomes than primary care physicians' (PCPs) usual care (UC). However, few trials of collaborative care have targeted anxiety. OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact and 12-month durability of a centralized, telephone-delivered, stepped collaborative care intervention (CC) for treating anxiety disorders across a network of primary care practices. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with blinded outcome assessments...
October 6, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Hye Jeong Choi, Rebecca Weston, Jeff R Temple
Although multiple forms (i.e., physical, threatening, psychological, sexual, and relational abuse) and patterns (i.e., perpetration and victimization) of violence can co-occur, most existing research examines these experiences individually. Thus, the purpose of this study is to investigate: (1) homogenous subgroups based on victimization and perpetration of multiple forms of teen dating violence; (2) predictors of membership in these subgroups; and (3) mental health consequences associated with membership in each subgroup...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Steven R H Beach, Gene H Brody, Allen W Barton, Robert A Philibert
In the current manuscript, we provide an overview of a research program at the University of Georgia's Center for Family Research designed to expand upon rapid and ongoing developments in the fields of genetics and epigenetics. By placing those developments in the context of translational research on family and community determinants of health and well-being among rural African Americans, we hope to identify novel, modifiable environments and biological processes. In the first section of the article, we review our earlier work on genotypic variation effects on the association between family context and mental and physical health outcomes as well as differential responses to family-based intervention...
October 3, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
Aaron Hogue, Sarah Dauber, Craig E Henderson
This study evaluated whether community therapists delivering family therapy for adolescent behavior problems in usual care achieved performance benchmarks established in controlled trials for treatment fidelity and outcomes, with particular focus on individual differences in therapist performance. The study contained N = 38 adolescents (50 % male; mean age 15 years) whose self-reported race/ethnicity was Hispanic (74 %), African American (11 %), multiracial (11 %), and other (4 %). Clients were treated by 13 therapists in one community mental health clinic that delivered family therapy as the routine standard of care...
September 23, 2016: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Keith O Plowden, Linda Thompson Adams, Dana Wiley
Depression is a common mental disorder affecting individuals. Although many strides have been made in the area of depression, little is known about depression in special populations, especially African American men. African American men often differ in their presentation of depression and are often misdiagnosed. African American men are at greater risk for depression, but they are less likely to participate in mental health care. This article explores depression in African American by looking at environmental factors, sigma, role, and other unique to this populations, such as John Henryism...
October 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Deborah M Whitley, Esme Fuller-Thomson
The objective of this study is to document the health profile of 252 African-American grandparents raising their grandchildren solo, compared with 1552 African-American single parents. The 2012 Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System is used to compare the specific physical and mental health profiles of these two family groups. The findings suggest solo grandparents have prevalence of many health conditions, including arthritis (50.3 %), diabetes (20.1 %), heart attack (16.6 %) and coronary heart disease (16...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Jean Spann Anthony, Edith Morris, Charles W Collins, Albert Watson, Jennifer E Williams, Bʼnai Ferguson, Deborah L Ruhlman
Many African Americans (AAs) use clergy as their primary source of help for depression, with few being referred to mental health providers. This study used face-to-face workshops to train AA clergy to recognize the symptoms and levels of severity of depression. A pretest/posttest format was used to test knowledge (N = 42) about depression symptoms. Results showed that the participation improved the clergy's ability to recognize depression symptoms. Faith community nurses can develop workshops for clergy to improve recognition and treatment of depression...
October 2016: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
Sarah A Burkart, Cory Greever, Matthew Ahmadi, Ogechi Nwoakelemeh, Christine St Laurent, Sofiya Alhassan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Heather Henderson, Stephanie Child, Spencer Moore, Justin B Moore, Andrew T Kaczynski
Limited research has explored how specific elements of physical and social environments influence mental health indicators such as perceived stress, or whether such associations are moderated by gender. This study examined the relationship between selected neighborhood characteristics and perceived stress levels within a primarily low-income, older, African-American population in a mid-sized city in the Southeastern U.S. Residents (n = 394; mean age=55.3 years, 70.9% female, 89.3% African American) from eight historically disadvantaged neighborhoods completed surveys measuring perceptions of neighborhood safety, social cohesion, aesthetics, and stress...
September 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
Lonnie R Snowden, Neal Wallace, Kate Cordell, Genevieve Graaf
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether a new funding opportunity to finance mental health treatment, provided to autonomous county-level mental health systems without customary cost sharing requirements, equalized African American and White children's outpatient and emergency treatment expenditure inequalities. Using Whites as a benchmark, we considered expenditure patterns favoring Whites over African Americans ("disparities") and favoring African Americans over Whites ("reverse disparities")...
September 2016: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
Tumaini R Coker, Marc N Elliott, Sara L Toomey, David C Schwebel, Paula Cuccaro, Susan Tortolero Emery, Susan L Davies, Susanna N Visser, Mark A Schuster
OBJECTIVES: We examined racial/ethnic disparities in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis and medication use and determined whether medication disparities were more likely due to underdiagnosis or undertreatment of African-American and Latino children, or overdiagnosis or overtreatment of white children. METHODS: We used a population-based, multisite sample of 4297 children and parents surveyed over 3 waves (fifth, seventh, and 10th grades)...
September 2016: Pediatrics
Victoria K Ngo, Cathy Sherbourne, Bowen Chung, Lingqi Tang, Aziza L Wright, Yolanda Whittington, Kenneth Wells, Jeanne Miranda
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of a (CEP) versus a technical assistance approach (Resources for Services, or RS) to disseminate depression care for low-income ethnic minority women. METHODS: We conducted secondary analyses of intervention effects for largely low-income, minority women subsample (n = 595; 45.1% Latino and 45.4% African American) in a matched, clustered, randomized control trial conducted in 2 low-resource communities in Los Angeles, California, between 2010 and 2012...
October 2016: American Journal of Public Health
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