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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639204/a-cross-national-comparison-of-risk-factors-for-teen-dating-violence-in-mexico-and-the-united-states
#1
Samantha Ludin, Jessika H Bottiani, Katrina Debnam, Mercedes Gabriela Orozco Solis, Catherine P Bradshaw
Involvement in dating violence has been linked with negative health outcomes including depressive symptomology, substance use, and later expressions of aggressing and victimizing behaviors. Less is known about the prevalence and mental health correlates of teen dating violence in countries like Mexico where adult partner violence is high. Additional research on teen dating violence is also needed, as it may be an important precursor to adult partner violence and linked to other mental health problems. The current study used self-report ratings to assess the similarities and differences in risk factors associated with dating violence among middle school students in Mexico and the United States...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632874/screening-for-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#2
David C Grossman, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Susan J Curry, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Based on year 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts, approximately 17% of children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years in the United States have obesity, and almost 32% of children and adolescents are overweight or have obesity. Obesity in children and adolescents is associated with morbidity such as mental health and psychological issues, asthma, obstructive sleep apnea, orthopedic problems, and adverse cardiovascular and metabolic outcomes (eg, high blood pressure, abnormal lipid levels, and insulin resistance)...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632094/the-interactive-effects-of-social-support-and-physical-functioning-on-hiv-medical-outcomes-among-african-americans-whom-inject-drugs
#3
Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Julie A Denison, Roland J Thorpe, Amy R Knowlton
Research suggests a syndemic of substance use, mental illness, and familial conflict is associated with poor HIV medical outcomes among African American persons living with HIV (PLHIV). Social support may facilitate positive health outcomes. This study explores psychosocial correlates of HIV medical outcomes, defined as undetectable viral load (UVL) and acute care minimization. Data were from baseline of the BEACON study (N = 351). UVL was ≤40 copies/mL. Acute care minimization was defined as no ER visits and/or hospitalizations in 6 months...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628899/correlates-of-child-abuse-potential-among-african-american-and-latina-mothers-a-developmental-ecological-perspective
#4
Adriana Espinosa, Lesia M Ruglass, Naomi Dambreville, Alina Shevorykin, Ron Nicholson, Kelly M Sykes
The child victimization rate in the US has rapidly grown over the past five years. Today, nine out of every 1000 children are victims of some type of child maltreatment, and lifetime costs of child victimization exceed $100 billion per year. Effective policies promoting fairness and child safety must target the most salient indicators of child maltreatment. In this study, we examined three groups of risk factors for child abuse potential with the goal of identifying the most prominent indicators in a sample of 170 African-American and Latina mothers...
June 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612654/a-qualitative-comparison-of-dsm-depression-criteria-to-language-used-by-older-church-going-african-americans
#5
Esther Akinyemi, Daphne C Watkins, Janet Kavanagh, Vicki Johnson-Lawrence, Shana Lynn, Helen C Kales
OBJECTIVE: Depression in late life is associated with substantial suffering, disability, suicide risk, and decreased health-related quality of life. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), a depression diagnosis is derived from a constellation of symptoms that may be described differently by different people. For example, the DSM language may be inadequate in capturing these symptoms in certain populations such as African-Americans, whose rates of depression misdiagnosis is high...
June 14, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604020/race-related-stress-and-hopelessness-in-community-based-african-american-adults-moderating-role-of-social-support
#6
Mary O Odafe, Temilola K Salami, Rheeda L Walker
OBJECTIVES: The mental health outcomes associated with racial discrimination are well documented in scientific literature. Despite strong links to mental illness, hopelessness is largely overlooked as a consequence of discrimination in empirical research. The current study examined the association of race-related stress and hopelessness in a community sample of African American adults. Utilizing a risk-resilience framework, we examined multiple dimensions of social support as plausible protective factors against the negative effects of race-related stress...
June 12, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599773/workplace-bullying-perceived-job-stressors-and-psychological-distress-gender-and-race-differences-in-the-stress-process
#7
Brandon K Attell, Kiersten Kummerow Brown, Linda A Treiber
A large body of empirical research documents the adverse mental health consequences of workplace bullying. However, less is known about gender and race differences in the processes that link workplace bullying and poor mental health. In the current study, we use structural equation modeling of survey data from the 2010 Health and Retirement Study (N = 2292) and draw on stress process theory to examine coworker support as a buffering mechanism against workplace bullying, and gender and race differences in the relationships between bullying and psychological distress...
July 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594215/identifying-mental-health-issues-in-detained-youth-testing-the-structure-and-invariance-of-the-massachusetts-youth-screening-inventory-version-2-maysi-2
#8
Justin D Russell, Monica A Marsee, John S Ryals
This study examined the factor structure of the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-Version 2 (MAYSI-2), a brief self-report measure designed to flag clinically significant mental health needs among youth entering the juvenile justice system. Participants were 981 detained youth in the southeastern United States (mean age = 14.58 years; SD = 1.28 years; 67.5% male; 71.5% African American). Confirmatory factor analyses showed that a seven-factor model represented a satisfactory solution for the data, similar to previous research...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591161/health-related-quality-of-life-among-military-hiv-patients-on-antiretroviral-therapy
#9
Leonard Emuren, Seth Welles, Alison A Evans, Marcia Polansky, Jason F Okulicz, Grace Macalino, Brian K Agan
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were: (i) to determine the factors associated with HRQOL at baseline in our cohort, and (ii) to evaluate if there are differences in baseline HRQOL measures by antiretroviral treatment. METHODS: The Short Form 36 (SF-36) was administered between 2006 and 2010 among members of the United States HIV Natural History Study cohort (NHS), and participants who completed the SF-36 were included in the study. Physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) scores were computed based on standard algorithms...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584498/understanding-barriers-to-initial-treatment-engagement-among-underserved-families-seeking-mental-health-services
#10
Mirian E Ofonedu, Harolyn M E Belcher, Chakra Budhathoki, Deborah A Gross
This mixed method study examined factors associated with parents not attending their child's mental health treatment after initially seeking help for their 2-5 year old child. It was part of a larger study comparing two evidence-based treatments among low-income racial/ethnic minority families seeking child mental health services. Of 123 parents who initiated mental health treatment (71% African American or multi-racial; 97.6% low-income), 36 (29.3%) never attended their child's first treatment session. Socio-demographic characteristics, parenting stress, depression, severity of child behavior problems, and length of treatment delay from intake to first scheduled treatment session were compared for families who did and did not attend their first treatment session...
March 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581896/the-relationship-of-patient-provider-communication-on-quality-of-life-among-african-american-and-white-cancer-survivors
#11
Chien-Ching Li, Alicia K Matthews, Mazahir Dossaji, Francis Fullam
Prior research has demonstrated poorer patient-provider communication ratings among African American compared to White patients. The quality of patient-provider communication has been shown to impact treatment outcomes among cancer patients. A secondary data analysis design was used to determine the relationship of six patient-provider communication variables on the physical health quality of life (PHQOL) and mental health quality of life (MHQOL) of African American and White cancer patients (N = 479). We also examined whether the relationship between communication patterns and QOL differed based on race/ethnicity...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554264/health-variables-are-informative-in-screening-for-mild-cognitive-impairment-among-elderly-african-americans
#12
Siny Tsang, Scott A Sperling, Moon-Ho Park, Ira M Helenius, Ishan C Williams, Carol Manning
To aid primary care providers in identifying people at increased risk for cognitive decline, we explored the relative importance of health and demographic variables in detecting potential cognitive impairment using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). Participants were 94 older African Americans coming to see their primary care physicians for reasons other than cognitive complaints. Education was strongly associated with cognitive functioning. Among those with at least 9 years of education, patients with more vascular risk factors were at greater risk for mild cognitive impairment...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553789/aging-audiences
#13
Kumar B Rajan, Rekha S Rajan, Lydia K Manning, Denis A Evans
OBJECTIVES: To examine if attendance in live performances was associated with change in cognition among African Americans (AAs) and European Americans (EAs). METHOD: The study consisted of 5,567 older adults with at least follow-up interview and analyzed using a linear mixed effects regression model adjusting for demographic and health variables. RESULTS: We found that frequent performance attendance was associated with slower decline in composite cognitive function among older AAs and EAs...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550378/longitudinal-modeling-of-depressive-trajectories-among-hiv-infected-men-using-cocaine
#14
Shibani Mukerji, Roxanna Haghighat, Vikas Misra, David R Lorenz, Alex Holman, Anupriya Dutta, Dana Gabuzda
Cocaine use is prevalent among HIV-infected individuals. While cross-sectional studies suggest that cocaine users may be at increased risk for depression, long-term effects of cocaine on depressive symptoms remain unclear. This is a longitudinal study of 341 HIV-infected and uninfected men (135 cocaine users and 206 controls) ages 30-60 enrolled in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study during 1996-2009. The median baseline age was 41; 73% were African-American. In mixed-effects models over a median of 4.8 years of observation, cocaine use was associated with higher depressive symptoms independent of age, education level, and smoking (n = 288; p = 0...
May 26, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547781/moms-growing-together-piloting-action-methods-and-expressive-arts-in-a-therapeutic-group-for-teen-mothers
#15
Lee SmithBattle, Chutima Chantamit-O-Pas, Patricia Freed, Dorcas McLaughlin, Joanne K Schneider
PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot study was to test the safety, acceptability, feasibility, and effectiveness of Moms Growing Together (MGT), an intervention to prevent and reduce psychological distress in teen mothers. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A mixed method design was used. The primary outcomes were reported satisfaction with MGT (acceptance); successful recruitment and retention of teen mothers (feasibility); and prevention or reduction of psychological distress (safety and effectiveness)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532489/longitudinal-relationships-between-self-concept-for-physical-activity-and-neighborhood-social-life-as-predictors-of-physical-activity-among-older-african-american-adults
#16
Allison M Sweeney, Dawn K Wilson, M Lee Van Horn
BACKGROUND: Engaging in regular physical activity (PA) as an older adult has been associated with numerous physical and mental health benefits. The aim of this study is to directly compare how individual-level cognitive factors (self-efficacy for PA, self-determined motivation for PA, self-concept for PA) and neighborhood perceptions of the social factors (neighborhood satisfaction, neighborhood social life) impact moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) longitudinally among older African American adults...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530444/real-world-strategies-to-engage-and-retain-racial-ethnic-minority-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-hiv-prevention-services
#17
Thomas E Freese, Howard Padwa, Brandy T Oeser, Beth A Rutkowski, Marya T Schulte
Racial/ethnic minority young men who have sex with men (YMSM)-particularly African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos-are at particularly high risk for HIV infection. Devising strategies to improve engagement and retention in HIV prevention services among minority YMSM is critical if the United States is going to achieve the National HIV/AIDS Strategy goal of reducing HIV health-related disparities. This article presents findings from a national summit on racial/ethnic YMSM services convened by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration-funded Center of Excellence on Racial and Ethnic Minority Young Men Who Have Sex with Men and Other Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Populations (YMSM + LGBT CoE) in September 2015...
June 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513567/mental-health-service-utilization-among-black-youth-psychosocial-determinants-in-a-national-sample
#18
Shervin Assari, Cleopatra Howard Caldwell
Racial disparity in mental health service utilization (MHSU) persists, and youths are not an exception to the underutilization of services. Very limited research has been conducted on the determinants of MHSU among Black youth. Using a national sample of American Black youth, the current study investigated the association between demographic factors, socioeconomic status, psychiatric disorders, and self-rated health (SRH) on MHSU. We also tested the heterogeneity of the effects of SRH and psychiatric disorders based on ethnicity, gender, and their intersection...
May 17, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511680/cohort-profile-seek-test-treat-and-retain-united-states-criminal-justice-cohort
#19
Redonna Chandler, Michael S Gordon, Bridget Kruszka, Lauren N Strand, Frederick L Altice, Curt G Beckwith, Mary L Biggs, William Cunningham, J A Chris Delaney, Patrick M Flynn, Carol E Golin, Kevin Knight, Alex H Kral, Irene Kuo, Jennifer Lorvick, Robin M Nance, Lawrence J Ouellet, Josiah D Rich, Stanley Sacks, David Seal, Anne Spaulding, Sandra A Springer, Faye Taxman, David Wohl, Jeremy D Young, Rebekah Young, Heidi M Crane
BACKGROUND: The STTR treatment cascade provides a framework for research aimed at improving the delivery of services, care and outcomes of PLWH. The development of effective approaches to increase HIV diagnoses and engage PLWH in subsequent steps of the treatment cascade could lead to earlier and sustained ART treatment resulting in viral suppression. There is an unmet need for research applying the treatment cascade to improve outcomes for those with criminal justice involvement. METHODS: The Seek, Test, Treat, and Retain (STTR) criminal justice (CJ) cohort combines data from 11 studies across the HIV treatment cascade that focused on persons involved in the criminal justice system, often but not exclusively for reasons related to substance use...
May 16, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502992/religious-involvement-and-health-over-time-predictive-effects-in-a-national-sample-of-african-americans
#20
David L Roth, Therri Usher, Eddie M Clark, Cheryl L Holt
In this study, two telephone interviews that assessed both religious involvement and health-related quality of life were conducted approximately 2.5 years apart in a national sample of 290 African Americans. Religious involvement was assessed with an instrument that measured both personal religious beliefs (e.g., having a personal relationship with God) and more public religious behaviors (e.g., attending church services). Health-related quality of life was measured with version 2 of the Medical Outcomes Study 12-item short form (SF-12v2)...
June 2016: Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion
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