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African American mental health

Shervin Assari, Maryam Moghani Lankarani, Cleopatra Howard Caldwell
Background: Higher socioeconomic status is known to decrease the risk for poor mental health overall. However, African American males of higher socioeconomic status (SES) are at an increased risk for having a major depressive episode (MDE). It is not known whether perceived discrimination (PD) explains this risk. The current study used nationally representative data to explore the role of PD in explaining the association between high-SES and having MDE among African American men. Methods: The National Survey of American Life (NSAL), 2003, included 4461 American adults including 1271 African American men...
April 19, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
Sharon A Hoover, Heather Sapere, Jason M Lang, Erum Nadeem, Kristin L Dean, Pamela Vona
The goal of the current article is to describe the implementation and outcomes of an innovative statewide dissemination approach of the evidence-based trauma intervention Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools (CBITS). In the context of a 2-year statewide learning collaborative effort, 73 CBITS groups led by 20 clinicians from 5 different school-based mental health provider organizations served a total of 350 racially and ethnically diverse (66.9% Hispanic, 26.2% Black/African American, 43...
March 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
Uraina S Clark, Evan R Miller, Rachal R Hegde
BACKGROUND: Social discrimination, a type of psychological stressor, is associated with poorer physical and mental health outcomes, yet we have little understanding of how discrimination affects neural functions in marginalized populations. By contrast, the effects of psychological stress on neural functions are well documented, with evidence of significant effects on the amygdala-a neural region that is central to psychosocial functions. Accordingly, we conducted an examination of the relation between self-reported discrimination exposure and amygdala activity in a diverse sample of adults...
April 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
Natalie Turner, Julia F Hastings, Harold W Neighbors
OBJECTIVES: As adults increase in age, the likelihood for using mental health care services decrease. Underutilization, expecially among racial/ethnic minorities such as African American and Caribbean Blacks, can result in a decrease in quality of life, as well as significant costs to families, employers, and health systems. METHODS: The study explored the differences in relationships between mental health care usage and strength of religious/spiritual beliefs between African American and Caribbean Black older adults (54 years or older) and adults (18-53 years) using data from the National Survey of American Life (NSAL)...
April 2, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Jennifer C Elliott, Ahnalee M Brincks, Daniel J Feaster, Deborah S Hasin, Carlos Del Rio, Gregory M Lucas, Allan E Rodriguez, Ank E Nijhawan, Lisa R Metsch
Aims: We aimed to identify psychosocial factors related to problem drinking among patients with poorly controlled human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Short Summary: We aimed to identify psychosocial factors related to problem drinking among those with poorly controlled HIV infection. Increased levels of interpersonal conflict were associated with greater severity of alcohol problems. Poorer mental health, medical mistrust and less satisfaction with one's physician related to excessive drinking...
March 27, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
Jamie A Mitchell, Vicki Johnson-Lawrence, Ed-Dee G Williams, Roland Thorpe
This study represents an effort to contribute to the limited body of research on biopsychosocial contextual factors that influence or contribute to mobility limitations for older African American men. Specifically, we were interested in examining associations between socio-demographic, physical and emotional health experiences with mobility limitations. A secondary analysis of 1666 older African American men was performed to investigate socio-demographic, mental and physical health correlates to a specific measures of mobility limitation...
April 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
Melishia Bansa, Darryl Brown, Daniela DeFrino, Nicholas Mahoney, Alexandria Saulsberry, Monika Marko-Holguin, Joshua Fogel, Tracy R G Gladstone, Benjamin W Van Voorhees
BACKGROUND: This study explored the implementation of Chicago Urban Resiliency Building (CURB), a randomized clinical trial designed as an Internet-based primary care depression prevention intervention for urban African American and Latino adolescents. METHODS: We utilized a mixed methods analysis to explore four aims. First, we estimated the percent of at-risk adolescents that were successfully screened. Second, we examined clinic site factors and performance. Third, primary care providers (n = 10) and clinic staff (n = 18) were surveyed to assess their knowledge and attitudes about the intervention...
April 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
Erika M Manczak, Geri R Donenberg, Erin Emerson
The current study sought to test whether higher quality mother-daughter communication would buffer associations between maternal depressive symptoms and girls' internalizing and externalizing psychopathology symptoms among urban African American girls across a 12-month period. One hundred ninety-four treatment-seeking urban African American adolescent girls, ages 12-16, and their mothers participated in the study. Every 6 months (for up to 3 assessments), daughters reported on their internalizing and externalizing symptoms, mothers reported on their depressive symptoms, and both mothers and daughters reported on the quality of their dyadic communication...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Brian TaeHyuk Keum, Matthew J Miller, Karen Kurotsuchi Inkelas
Today's college students are at increased risk for depression. Therefore, accurate and sustainable assessment of depressive symptoms among college students has become an important issue. One promising instrument for depression screening in college settings is the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), a 9-item self-report measure developed in primary care and designed to assess the presence of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.) symptom criteria for major depressive disorder. Although the PHQ-9 has been well validated in primary care settings, no studies have examined its factor structure for diverse college populations in the United States...
March 22, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Rolandas Urbstonaitis, Maithili Deshpande, Jennifer Arnoldi
BACKGROUND: Health related quality of life (HRQoL) reflects the impact of a chronic disease, such as asthma, from a patient perspective. Late midlife adults (50-64 years) have been identified by the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention as an important population for healthy aging. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the factors associated with HRQoL among late midlife adults with asthma. METHODS: This study utilized data from 2012 to 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Asthma Call Back Survey...
March 9, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Li-Tzy Wu, Udi E Ghitza, He Zhu, Susan Spratt, Marvin Swartz, Paolo Mannelli
BACKGROUND: The majority of the U.S. healthcare resources are utilized by a small population characterized as high-risk, high-need persons with complex care needs (e.g., adults with multiple chronic conditions). Substance use disorders (SUDs) and mental health disorders (MHDs) are a driver of poor health and additional healthcare costs, but they are understudied among high-need patients. OBJECTIVE: We examine the prevalence and correlates of SUDs and MHDs among adults with high-risk diabetes, who are patients at the top 10% risk score for developing poor outcomes (hospital admission or death)...
March 3, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Stacie Craft DeFreitas, Travis Crone, Martha DeLeon, Anna Ajayi
Mental health stigma occurs when people have negative thoughts and beliefs of those with mental health illnesses or mental health treatment. Mental health stigma is related to an assortment of negative outcomes including discrimination in housing and employment, reduced usage of mental health services, and poor mental health outcomes. These implications may be particularly salient for ethnic minorities such as African Americans and Latinos who already suffer from other types of discrimination. This study examines perceived and personal mental health stigma in African American and Latino college students from a nontraditional university to help elucidate factors related to the development of mental health stigma...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Cary L Klemmer, Sean Arayasirikul, Henry F Raymond
Psychological processes may mediate the relationship between minority stress and mental health though limited data exist showing this pathway among trans women. Trans women's degree of satisfaction with their body is associated with mental health outcomes. This study used a model of minority stress to explore for indirect effects on the association between transphobia-based victimization and anxiety and depression through one's degree of body satisfaction. Analysis also explored for racial differences. Transgender women ( N = 233) were recruited in 2013 using respondent-driven sampling...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Olivia I Okereke, Charles F Reynolds, David Mischoulon, Grace Chang, Nancy R Cook, Trisha Copeland, Georgina Friedenberg, Julie E Buring, JoAnn E Manson
RATIONALE: Depression is a leading cause of disease burden and disability for older adults; thus, prevention is a priority. Biologic and observational data support potential mental health benefits of vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids; however, it is unclear whether these supplements can prevent late-life depression. DESIGN: We describe the novel methodology of a large-scale prevention study: VITAL-DEP (VITamin D and OmegA-3 TriaL-Depression Endpoint Prevention), an ancillary to the VITAL trial...
March 8, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Suvarna V Menon, Joseph R Cohen, Ryan C Shorey, Jeff R Temple
Despite increased attention on parental intimate partner violence (IPV) exposure, a relative paucity of research has examined the developmental consequences of this traumatic experience within a life span approach. The aim of the present study was to examine how parental IPV exposure may relate to mental health during the transition from adolescence to emerging adulthood. Furthermore, we examined whether the impact of parental IPV exposure was unique from more commonly studied maltreatment experiences, specifically neglect and physical abuse...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Amy Mayhew, Paul Weigle
Clinicians who work with youth should understand how they engage with screen media, including differences between ethnic groups, and how to maximize its positive potential and minimize negative consequences. This article presents data summarizing patterns of media use by youth, with an emphasis on European Americans, African Americans, and Hispanic Americans. The authors explain how identity formation and social identity theory relate to online influences, benefits, and risks of online engagement, including those specific to minority populations...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Ashley E Pérez, Kristi E Gamarel, Jacob J van den Berg, Don Operario
INTRODUCTION: Sexual and behavioral health disparities have been consistently demonstrated between African American and White adults and between sexual minority and heterosexual communities in the United States; however, few studies using nationally representative samples have examined disparities between sexual minority and heterosexual adults within African American populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of sexual and behavioral health outcomes between sexual minority and heterosexual African American adults and to examine whether there were different patterns of disparities for African American sexual minority men and women, respectively...
March 3, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Tamara Dubowitz, Ann Haas, Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar, Amy DeSantis, Wendy M Troxel
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated the adverse impact that discrimination has on physical and mental health. However, few studies have examined the association between discrimination and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). There is evidence that African Americans experience higher rates of PTSD and are more likely to develop PTSD following trauma exposure than Whites, and discrimination may be one reason for this disparity. PURPOSE: To examine the association between discrimination and PTSD among a cross-sectional sample largely comprising African American women, controlling for other psychosocial stressors (psychological distress, neighborhood safety, crime)...
February 28, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
Jihane N Benhammou, Tien S Dong, Folasade P May, Jenna Kawamoto, Ram Dixit, Samuel Jackson, Vivek Dixit, Debika Bhattacharya, Steven B Han, Joseph R Pisegna
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major cause of chronic liver disease. HCV cure has been linked to improved patient outcomes. In the era of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs), HCV cure has become the goal, as defined by sustained virological response 12 weeks (SVR12) after completion of therapy. Historically, African-Americans have had lower SVR12 rates compared to White people in the interferon era, which had been attributed to the high prevalence of non-CC interleukin 28B (IL28B) type. Less is known about the association between race/ethnicity and SVR12 in DAA-treated era...
April 2018: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
Nianyang Wang, Xin Xie
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of mental health service use among US adults, examine the associations of mental health service use with health insurance coverage, mental health problems and drug use, and detect health disparities. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with 5,434 adults receiving mental health service out of 37,424 adult respondents from the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Weighted univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the associations of potential factors with mental health service use...
February 22, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
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