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African American mental health

Erica Heiman, S Sam Lim, Gaobin Bao, Cristina Drenkard
OBJECTIVE: African American (AA) people with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are at high morbidity and mortality risk, and they often require multiple medications. Low medication adherence is a highly prevalent, multidimensional problem associated with poor outcomes in people with SLE. Depression, a predictor of low adherence in people with chronic conditions, has been described in over 35% of AAs with SLE. We hypothesized that depressive symptoms would be increasingly associated with low adherence in this population...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
Alison M Pickover, Jabeene Bhimji, Shufang Sun, Anna Evans, Lucy J Allbaugh, Sarah E Dunn, Nadine J Kaslow
Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women, particularly those living in poverty who have multiple marginalized identities, is a significant public health issue. IPV is associated with numerous mental health concerns including depression, hopelessness, and suicidal behavior. The present study examined the ecological determinants of these mental health outcomes in a high-risk sample of 67 low-income, African American women survivors of IPV. Based on an ecological framework that conceptualizes individuals as nested in multiple, interactive systems, we examined, longitudinally, the main and interactive effects of self-reported neighborhood disorder and social support from family members and friends on participants' mental health (i...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Jane E Hamilton, Angela M Heads, Thomas D Meyer, Pratikkumar V Desai, Olaoluwa O Okusaga, Raymond Y Cho
U.S. Hispanics, now the single largest minority group in the country, face unique mental health disparities. The current study utilizes Andersen's Behavioral Model of Health Service Use to examine ethnic disparities in receiving a schizophrenia or mood disorder diagnosis at psychiatric hospital admission. Our retrospective cohort study examined electronic health record data at an academic safety-net psychiatric hospital for adult patients (n = 5571) admitted between 2010 and 2013. Logistic regression with block-wise entry of predisposing, enabling and need variables was used to examine ethnic disparities in receiving a schizophrenia diagnosis at admission...
May 30, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Ruth Chu-Lien Chao, Kathy Green, Kranti Dugar, Joseph Longo
Although the United States offers some of the most advanced psychological services in the world, not everyone in U.S. shares equally in these services, and health disparities persist when assessments do not appropriately measure different populations' mental health problems. To address this assessment issue, we conducted factor and Rasch analyses to assess the psychometric characteristics of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18) to evaluate whether the BSI is culturally appropriate for assessing African Americans' psychological distress...
2018: Journal of Applied Measurement
Vickie M Mays, Audrey L Jones, Susan D Cochran, Robert Joseph Taylor, Jane Rafferty, James S Jackson
This study investigated ethnic and nativity differences in the chronicity and treatment of psychiatric disorders of African American and Caribbean Black men in the U.S. Data were analyzed from the National Survey of American Life, a population-based study which included 1859 self-identified Black men (1222 African American, 176 Caribbean Black men born within the U.S., and 461 Caribbean Black men born outside the U.S.). Lifetime and twelve-month prevalence of DSM-IV mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders (including Bipolar I and Dysthmia), disorder chronicity, and rate of mental health services use among those meeting criteria for a lifetime psychiatric disorder were examined...
May 23, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Susan S Kum, Mary E Northridge, Sara S Metcalf
BACKGROUND: While the US population overall has experienced improvements in oral health over the past 60 years, oral diseases remain among the most common chronic conditions across the life course. Further, lack of access to oral health care contributes to profound and enduring oral health inequities worldwide. Vulnerable and underserved populations who commonly lack access to oral health care include racial/ethnic minority older adults living in urban environments. The aim of this study was to use a systematic approach to explicate cause and effect relationships in creating a causal map, a type of concept map in which the links between nodes represent causality or influence...
June 4, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Allison L McCord, Claire Burke Draucker, Silvia Bigatti
BACKGROUND: Latino/a adolescents experience higher levels of depressive symptoms than Caucasian and African American adolescents. Many studies found that cultural stressors contribute to this disparity, but these findings have not been integrated into a cohesive picture of the specific cultural stressors that contribute to the development of depressive symptoms for Latino/a adolescents. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this integrative review is to identify cultural stressors that are associated with depressive symptoms in Latino/a adolescents...
June 1, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Tânia da Silveira Agostini-Costa
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: According to previous ethno-medicinal reviews, Cocos nucifera, Elaeis guineensis and Phoenix dactylifera are among the main palms which are often used on the American and African continents to treat infections, infestations and disorders in the digestive, respiratory, genito-urinary, dermal, endocrine, cardiovascular, muscular-skeletal, mental and neural systems, as well as neoplasms, dental issues and metabolic and nutritional disorders. In addition, one or more species of the wild genera Acrocomia, Areca, Astrocaryum, Attalea, Bactris, Borassus, Calamus, Chamaedorea, Chamaerops, Euterpe, Hyphaene, Mauritia, Oenocarpus and Syagrus have a high number of records of these ethno-medicinal uses...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Joi-Sheree' Knighton, Danelle Stevens-Watkins, Michele Staton, Kevin Pangburn
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has deemed nonmedical opioid use (NMOU) an epidemic. Population-based survey data indicate high rates of NMOU among Caucasians, however, these estimates exclude incarcerated samples and may underestimate use among criminal justice-involved African Americans. Despite opioid-associated risks of co-occurring mental illness and mortality, to our knowledge, this is the first study to examine NMOU and mental health among a sample of African American men receiving corrections-based substance use disorder (SUD) treatment in jail, prison, or the community...
April 30, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
April Joy Damian, Joseph J Gallo, Tamar Mendelson
Polytrauma is a highly prevalent public health problem in the U.S. with even higher rates in urban areas. Children with polytrauma often end up in multiple child-serving systems (e.g., mental health, child welfare, education, juvenile justice) with needs that are both complex and severe. Providers within these child-serving systems have potential to serve as gatekeepers to trauma services by linking youth with trauma-informed treatments and supports that promote recovery. The purpose of our study was to assess the perspective of providers who participated in a nine-month, trauma-informed care (TIC) training intervention on 1) their capacity to make referrals to trauma-specific services following the training, and 2) factors external to the training intervention that supported or hindered their ability to link traumatized youth with services...
January 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
Jung Yeon Lee, Judith S Brook, Wonkuk Kim
Heavy cannabis use is associated with a wide array of physical, mental, and functional problems. Therefore, cannabis use disorders (CUDs) may be a major public health concern. Given the adverse health consequences of CUDs, the present study seeks to find possible precursors of CUDs. The current study consisted of 5 waves of data collection from the Harlem Longitudinal Development Study. Among 816 participants, about half are African Americans (52%), and the other half are Puerto Ricans (48%). We used Mplus to obtain the triple trajectories of alcohol use, tobacco use, and depressive symptoms...
June 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
Jessica M Finlay, Lindsay C Kobayashi
Social isolation and loneliness are increasingly prevalent among older adults in the United States, with implications for morbidity and mortality risk. Little research to date has examined the complex person-place transactions that contribute to social well-being in later life. This study aimed to characterize personal and neighborhood contextual influences on social isolation and loneliness among older adults. Interviews were conducted with independent-dwelling men and women (n = 124; mean age 71 years) in the Minneapolis metropolitan area (USA) from June to October, 2015...
May 4, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
D M Coviello, R Lovato, K Apostol, M M Eisenberg, D S Metzger, R Szucs-Reed, N Kiryankova-Dalseth, D Kelly, A Jackson, M Plano, M B Blank
A consistently suppressed viral load enables HIV (+) patients to live longer, healthier lives and reduces the probability of transmitting the virus. Since the prevalence of HIV is four times higher among those with psychiatric disorders than in the general population, it is likely that this group would also have greater difficulty remaining in care and achieving viral suppression. A secondary data analysis utilizing screening data from the Preventing AIDS Through Health (PATH) for Triples (PFT) Study were examined to assess HIV load suppression among 254 psychiatric inpatients with comorbid substance use disorders in Philadelphia...
May 11, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Addie Weaver, Robert Joseph Taylor, Linda M Chatters, Joseph A Himle
BACKGROUND: Despite experiencing conditions associated with higher risk for depression and psychological distress, the mental health of rural African Americans remains understudied. This brief report examines the association between sociodemographic characteristics, self-rated health, and material hardship, and depressive symptoms and psychological distress among rural African Americans. METHOD: Data are from the rural African American subsample (N = 250) of the National Survey of American Life (NSAL; 2001-2003)...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Elisabeth Kato, Amanda E Borsky, Samuel H Zuvekas, Anita Soni, Quyen Ngo-Metzger
PURPOSE: This study estimates the prevalence of depression assessment in adults age 35 and older and how prevalence varies by sociodemographic characteristics and depressive symptoms. METHODS: We used a nationally representative survey, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, to evaluate if adults 35+ were being assessed for depression by their health care providers in 2014 and 2015. Using multivariate logistic regression, we examined the health and sociodemographic characteristics of patients associated with depression assessment...
May 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Christine M Guardino, Calvin J Hobel, Madeleine U Shalowitz, Sharon L Ramey, Christine Dunkel Schetter
Physical activity promotes better health outcomes across the lifespan, and provides physical and mental health benefits for women who have recently given birth. However, research has not adequately characterized physical activity levels or risk factors for inadequate physical activity during the postpartum period. The objective of the present study was to describe levels and correlates of physical activity at 6 months postpartum in mothers of diverse race/ethnicity (55% African American, 23% White, 22% Hispanic/Latina), with the majority living in or near poverty...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Tricia Felin, Sadiq Naveed, Amna M Chaudhary
Aripiprazole is a third-generation atypical antipsychotic medication, which is widely used for various psychiatric disorders across the lifespan. Aripiprazole can cause side effects including headache, insomnia, agitation, nervousness, lightheadedness, dizziness, somnolence, akathisia, and weight gain. Neutropenia is a less frequent side effect of aripiprazole. The current article reviews a case of a 10-year-old African American boy who developed neutropenia with aripiprazole. It is important for clinicians to be aware of this rare side effect...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Deborah Gross, Harolyn M E Belcher, Chakra Budhathoki, Mirian E Ofonedu, Melissa K Uveges
We examined whether parent engagement in parent training (PT) differed based on PT format (parent group-based with video versus mastery-based individual coaching with child) in an economically disadvantaged sample of families seeking behavioral treatment for their preschool children in an urban mental health clinic. Parents (N=159; 76.1% mothers, 69.8% African American, 73% low-income) were randomized to one of two interventions, Chicago Parent Program (parent group + video; CPP) or Parent Child Interaction Therapy (individualized mastery-based coaching; PCIT)...
May 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Emily E Tanner-Smith, Andrew J Finch, Emily A Hennessy, D Paul Moberg
Recovery high schools (RHSs) are an alternative high school option for adolescents with substance use disorders (SUDs), designed to provide a recovery-focused learning environment. The aims of this study were to examine the characteristics of youth who choose to attend RHSs, and to compare them with local and national comparison samples of youth in recovery from SUDs who were not enrolled in RHSs. We conducted secondary analysis of existing data to compare characteristics of youth in three samples: (1) adolescents with SUDs who enrolled in RHSs in Minnesota, Texas, and Wisconsin after discharge from treatment (RHSs; n = 171, 51% male, 86% White, 4% African American, 5% Hispanic); (2) a contemporaneously recruited local comparison sample of students with SUDs who did not enroll in RHSs (n = 123, 60% male, 77% White, 5% African American, 12% Hispanic); and (3) a national comparison sample of U...
June 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Mechelle D Claridy, Benjamin Ansa, Francesca Damus, Ernest Alema-Mensah, Selina A Smith
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare differences in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) between African-American female breast cancer survivors, African-American female survivors of other cancers, and African-American women with no history of cancer. METHODS: Using data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), the HRQOL of African-American women aged 35 years or older was compared by cancer status. Physical and mental health items from the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) global health scale were used to assess differences in HRQOL...
April 27, 2018: Quality of Life Research
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