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hearing impairment in children with otitis media with effusion

Timothy Els, Ian Paul Olwoch
INTRODUCTION: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a leading cause of acquired hearing loss in children worldwide. However, previous South African studies have consistently reported the local paediatric OME prevalence to be lower than typically published in international literature. Furthermore, no South African studies have investigated OME in children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of OME in children admitted for adeno-tonsillectomy at our institution in Pretoria, South Africa...
July 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Marie Gisselsson-Solen
OBJECTIVES: The insertion of grommets is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures in children. The underlying reason might be otitis media with effusion (OME) with concomitant hearing loss, recurrent acute otitis media (rAOM) or a combination of the two. Sweden has a national quality register for children receiving grommets with the purpose of evaluating how treatment guidelines are followed, and if surgery confers good quality health care. The purpose of this study was to investigate the circumstances during which Swedish children receive grommets and to examine how doctors follow the guidelines for grommet surgery...
July 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Ana Rita Lameiras, Deodato Silva, Assunção O Neill, Pedro Escada
INTRODUCTION: Quality of life is an important measure for health-outcome evaluation. Although otitis media is one of the most common childhood diseases, its impact on Portuguese children's quality of life is unknown. The aim of this study is to determine the quality of life of Portuguese children with chronic otitis media with effusion and/or recurrent acute otitis media and the short-term impact of transtympanic ventilation tubes, using the Portuguese version of the OM-6 questionnaire, a valid, reliable and sensitive instrument to evaluate the health-related quality of life in children with otitis media...
January 31, 2018: Acta Médica Portuguesa
F Simon, M Haggard, R M Rosenfeld, H Jia, S Peer, M-N Calmels, V Couloigner, N Teissier
Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a common childhood disease defined as the presence of liquid in the middle ear without signs or symptoms of acute ear infection. Children can be impacted mainly with hearing impairment and/or co-occurring recurrent acute otitis media (AOM) thus requiring treatment. Although many meta-analyses and national guidelines have been issued, management remains difficult to standardize, and use of surgical and medical treatments continue to vary. We convened an international consensus conference as part of the 2017 International Federation of Oto-rhino-laryngological Societies Congress, to identify best practices in OME management...
February 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Ting Cai, Bradley McPherson, Caiwei Li, Feng Yang
OBJECTIVE: Conductive hearing loss simulations have attempted to estimate the speech-understanding difficulties of children with otitis media with effusion (OME). However, the validity of this approach has not been evaluated. The research aim of the present study was to investigate whether a simple, frequency-specific, attenuation-based simulation of OME-related hearing loss was able to reflect the actual effects of conductive hearing loss on speech perception. DESIGN: Forty-one school-age children with OME-related hearing loss were recruited...
November 14, 2017: Ear and Hearing
Ting Cai, Bradley McPherson, Caiwei Li, Feng Yang
OBJECTIVES: The present study explored tone perception ability in school age Mandarin-speaking children with otitis media with effusion (OME) in noisy listening environments. The study investigated the interaction effects of noise, tone type, age, and hearing status on monaural tone perception, and assessed the application of a hierarchical clustering algorithm for profiling hearing impairment in children with OME. METHODS: Forty-one children with normal hearing and normal middle ear status and 84 children with OME with or without hearing loss participated in this study...
2017: PloS One
Anna Krzyżak, Olaf Zagólski, Michał Pawełek, Paweł Stręk
PURPOSE: This study tested the hypothesis that children with otitis media with effusion (OME) attending a primary school are at risk of impairment of their musical skills. OME is characterized as an inflammation with accumulation of secretion in the tympanic cavity, leading to conductive hearing loss. METHOD: Perception of music in children is assessed using the Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Music Abilities (MBEMA). Listeners are required to judge whether two successive melodies are the same or different on tests of scale, contour, interval and rhythm...
April 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Cong Tian, Belinda S Harris, Kenneth R Johnson
Otitis media (OM), inflammation of the middle ear, is a common cause of hearing loss in children and in patients with many different syndromic diseases. Studies of the human population and mouse models have revealed that OM is a multifactorial disease with many environmental and genetic contributing factors. Here, we report on otitis media-related hearing loss in asj (ages with stiffened joints) mutant mice, which bear a point mutation in the Enpp1 gene. Auditory-evoked brainstem response (ABR) measurements revealed that around 90% of the mutant mice (Enpp1asj/asj) tested had moderate to severe hearing impairment in at least one ear...
2016: PloS One
Henrik Szőke, Márta Maródi, Zsuzsa Sallay, Balázs Székely, Martin-Günther Sterner, Gabriella Hegyi
BACKGROUND: Chronic otitis media with effusion (COME) and adenoid hypertrophy (AH) are common entities in the pediatric population. The conventional treatment approach (conventional medicine; COM) involved mainly surgery after a period of close observation. In this study, we aimed to introduce an integrative, non-invasive approach (integrative medicine; IM) for COME, AH, and associated episodes of recurrent acute otitis media, and compared outcomes with conventional treatment. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, non-randomized study in an integrative primary care pediatric practice and a conventional pediatric otolaryngological clinic, where treatment modality was determined by patient preference...
2016: Forschende Komplementärmedizin, Research in Complementary Medicine
Hazem Saeed Amer, Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Alaa Eldin Elfeky
INTRODUCTION: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a leading cause of hearing impairment in children. Therefore, early and proper management is essential. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this research is to assess the efficacy of intratympanic (IT) steroids injection for management of otitis media with effusion (OME). METHODS: This study involved 42 children (84 ears) with bilateral OME. We used tympanometry to confirm the childreńs middle ear effusion and pure tone audiometry to determine hearing threshold...
July 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
K Sharma, M S Pannu, A Arora, V Sharma
A late detection of hearing impairment in children can affect speech and language development. Otitis media with effusion (OME) associated with risk factors like recurrent upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) is considered the most common cause of silent hearing impairment among children. So this study was carried out to screen such at risk children for hearing impairment. The study was conducted on 1000 children in the age group of 2-12 years who presented to the OPD of ENT and Pediatrics Department, Govt Medical College with the complaint of recurrent URTI...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Elisa Biamino, Andrea Canale, Michelangelo Lacilla, Annalisa Marinosci, Federico Dagna, Lorenzo Genitori, Paola Peretta, Margherita Silengo, Roberto Albera, Giovanni Battista Ferrero
OBJECTIVE: To assess the audiological profile in a cohort of children affected by syndromic craniosynostosis. METHODS: Eleven children with Apert syndrome (n=4), Saethre-Chotzen syndrome (n=3), Muenke syndrome (n=2), Crouzon syndrome (n=1) and Pfeiffer syndrome type 1 (n=1) were submitted to a complete audiologic evaluation including otoscopy, pure-tone audiometry, tympanometry and acoustic reflex testing, ABR, otoacustic emissions, temporal bone High Resolution CT (HRCT) scan...
June 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Terez Boshra Kamel, Tharwat Ezzat Deraz, Rasha H Elkabarity, Rasha K Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: This work aimed to highlight a challenging asymptomatic problem which is early detection of hearing impairment in toddlers with protein energy malnutrition (PEM) as a neuro-cognitive effect of PEM on developing brain in relation to hemoglobin level. METHODS: 100 toddlers, aged 6-24 months, fifty with moderate/severe PEM and fifty healthy children, were included in study. Both TEOAEs and ABR testing were used to assess auditory function. RESULTS: Study reported an association between malnutrition and hearing impairment, 26% of cases had conductive deafness secondary to otitis media with effusion using tympanometry; 84...
June 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Nicola Principi, Paola Marchisio, Susanna Esposito
Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a common clinical condition that is associated with hearing loss. It can be diagnosed at least once in approximately 80% of preschool children: 30-40% of them have recurrent episodes, and 5-10% have chronic disease. OME, in recurrent and persistent cases, might significantly delay or impair communication skills, resulting in behavioral and educational difficulties. Several therapeutic approaches have been used to avoid these problems. Most, however, have not been adequately studied, and no definitive conclusions can be drawn...
2016: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
Daniel J Adams, Apryl Susi, Christine R Erdie-Lalena, Gregory Gorman, Elizabeth Hisle-Gorman, Michael Rajnik, Marilisa Elrod, Cade M Nylund
Acute otitis media (AOM) symptoms can be masked by communication deficits, common to children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We sought to evaluate the association between ASD and otitis media. Using ICD-9-CM diagnostic codes, we performed a retrospective case-cohort study comparing AOM, and otitis-related diagnoses among children with and without ASD. Children with ASD had a significantly increased rate of AOM, otitis media with effusion, otorrhea, and PE tube placement. Children with ASD were more than twice as likely to develop mastoiditis, and to undergo mastoidectomy and tympanoplasty...
May 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
M M C Yaneza, K Hunter, S Irwin, H Kubba
OBJECTIVES: To report the prevalence of hearing problems and the hearing sequelae in school-aged children with trisomy 21 in a longitudinal study. DESIGN: All children with trisomy 21 were identified via schools, community-based child development centres, general practitioners, or the universal newborn hearing screen. Audiological data and otorhinolaryngological problems were prospectively entered in to the Audiological Surveillance Programme database from each visit...
December 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Iain Bruce, Nicola Harman, Paula Williamson, Stephanie Tierney, Peter Callery, Syed Mohiuddin, Katherine Payne, Elisabeth Fenwick, Jamie Kirkham, Kevin O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip and palate are among the most common congenital malformations, with an incidence of around 1 in 700. Cleft palate (CP) results in impaired Eustachian tube function, and 90% of children with CP have otitis media with effusion (OME) histories. There are several approaches to management, including watchful waiting, the provision of hearing aids (HAs) and the insertion of ventilation tubes (VTs). However, the evidence underpinning these strategies is unclear and there is a need to determine which treatment is the most appropriate...
August 2015: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
M M Alam, M I Ali, M A Habib, M A Siddique, N P Sanyal, A H Joarder
This cross-sectional prospective study was done in the Department of Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka during the period of January 2008 to December 2009 with the aim to find out the frequency of otitis media with effusion in patients with enlarged adenoid admitted for Adenoidectomy, To see the frequency of otitis media with effusion in different age group, To find out the degree of hearing loss in enlarged Adenoid patients. A total number of 60 patients who were admitted for adenoidectomy with or without tonsillectomy were purposively collected...
April 2015: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Navid Nourizadeh, Kiarash Ghazvini, Vahideh Gharavi, Niloufar Nourizadeh, Rahman Movahed
Acute otitis media and otitis media with effusion (OME) are the main causes of hearing impairment in children which require proper treatment, mainly antibiotic therapy. Patients whom were appropriate candidates for adenoidectomy were divided into two groups regarding the presence of middle ear effusion. Adenoid tissue specimens were cultured in both groups and the bacterial flora and anti-microbial resistance pattern were determined. 72 patients were studied, 42 % had OME while 58 % did not. The following bacteria were isolated and cultured from both groups with no meaningful difference in prevalence: Streptococcus viridans (p = 0...
April 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Mirjana Kostić, Ksenija Ribarić Jankes, Robert Trotić, Mihael Ries, Branka Ledić, Vladimir Bedeković
CONCLUSION: It is recommended to perform follow-up tympanometry and if necessary tonal audiometry in children who have normal plain otoscopy findings after recovering from acute otitis media (AOM). Children with Type B tympanogram, 3 months following the onset of AOM, are very likely to have a conductive hearing loss. Type B tympanogram is a much better indicator of effusion in the middle ear compared to plain otoscopy. OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to investigate the frequency and duration of middle ear effusion in children following an episode of acute otitis media, to track changes in tonal audiometry and tympanometry findings in the post-AOM period, and recognize the optimal timing for performing both tests...
July 2015: Acta Oto-laryngologica
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