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fluid sepsis shock

Li Liu, Wanjun Chen, Xiaoye Lu, Keji Zhang, Changqing Zhu
BACKGROUND: Pyogenic liver abscesses have become common in emergency departments (EDs) in recent years in Shanghai, China due to a variety of risk factors contributory to the disease. OBJECTIVE: To review our experience in managing pyogenic liver abscesses to aid in the current management of this complex condition. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted to collect and analyze information from adult patients diagnosed with liver hepatic abscesses who were admitted to Ren Ji Hospital during the period from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2015...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Yao Lu, Han Zhang, Fang Teng, Wen-Jun Xia, Gui-Xiang Sun, Ai-Qing Wen
INTRODUCTION: The Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines recommend early goal-directed therapy (EGDT) for the resuscitation of patients with sepsis; however, the recent evidences quickly evolve and convey conflicting results. We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of EGDT on mortality in adults with severe sepsis and septic shock. METHODS: We searched electronic databases to identify randomized controlled trials that compared EGDT with usual care or lactate-guided therapy in adults with severe sepsis and septic shock...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Roberto A DE Blasi, Roberto Arcioni, Domitilla Brancadoro, Monica Rocco
BACKGROUND: Even though fluid loading is thought to improve organ perfusion, the way in which it does so remains unclear. We assessed how the microvascular bed in skeletal muscle reacts to passive leg raising in patients with and without sepsis or septic shock. METHODS: We studied 40 critically ill patients (group A) and 30 healthy controls (group B). The forearm microvascular bed was assessed using near-infrared spectroscopy before and after passive leg raising...
October 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
Emily L Aaronson, Michael R Filbin, David F M Brown, Kathy Tobin, Elizabeth A Mort
BACKGROUND: The release of the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Service's (CMS) latest quality measure, Severe Sepsis/Septic Shock Early Management Bundle (SEP-1), has intensified the long-standing debate over optimal care for severe sepsis and septic shock. Although the last decade of research has demonstrated the importance of comprehensive bundled care in conjunction with compliance mechanisms to reduce patient mortality, it is not clear that SEP-1 achieves this aim. The heterogeneous and often cryptic presentation of severe sepsis and septic shock, along with the multifaceted criteria for the definition of this clinical syndrome, pose a particular challenge for fitting requirements to this disease, and implementation could have unintended consequences...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Leonel Lagunes, Belen Encina, Sergio Ramirez-Estrada
Sepsis and septic shock is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Antibiotics, fluid resuscitation support of vital organ function and source control are the cornerstones for the treatment of these patients. Source control measures include all those actions taken in the process of care to control the foci of infection and to restore optimal function of the site of infection. Source control represents the multidisciplinary team required in order to optimize critical care for septic shock patients. In the last decade an increase interest on fluids, vasopressors, antibiotics, and organ support techniques in all aspects whether time, dose and type of any of those have been described...
September 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
Peter Bentzer, Jane Fisher, HyeJin Julia Kong, Mattias Mörgelin, John H Boyd, Keith R Walley, James A Russell, Adam Linder
BACKGROUND: Elevated plasma levels of heparin-binding protein (HBP) are associated with risk of organ dysfunction and mortality in sepsis, but little is known about causality and mechanisms of action of HBP. The objective of the present study was to test the hypothesis that HBP is a key mediator of the increased endothelial permeability observed in sepsis and to test potential treatments that inhibit HBP-induced increases in permeability. METHODS: Association between HBP at admission with clinical signs of increased permeability was investigated in 341 patients with septic shock...
December 2016: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Bernd Saugel, Wolfgang Huber, Axel Nierhaus, Stefan Kluge, Daniel A Reuter, Julia Y Wagner
In patients with sepsis and septic shock, the hemodynamic management in both early and later phases of these "organ dysfunction syndromes" is a key therapeutic component. It needs, however, to be differentiated between "early goal-directed therapy" (EGDT) as proposed for the first 6 hours of emergency department treatment by Rivers et al. in 2001 and "hemodynamic management" using advanced hemodynamic monitoring in the intensive care unit (ICU). Recent large trials demonstrated that nowadays protocolized EGDT does not seem to be superior to "usual care" in terms of a reduction in mortality in emergency department patients with early identified septic shock who promptly receive antibiotic therapy and fluid resuscitation...
2016: BioMed Research International
Bulent Ergin, Philippe Guerci, Lara Zafrani, Frank Nocken, Asli Kandil, Ebru Gurel-Gurevin, Cihan Demirci-Tansel, Can Ince
BACKGROUND: Modulation of inflammation and oxidative stress appears to limit sepsis-induced damage in experimental models. The kidney is one of the most sensitive organs to injury during septic shock. In this study, we evaluated the effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) administration in conjunction with fluid resuscitation on renal oxygenation and function. We hypothesized that reducing inflammation would improve the microcirculatory oxygenation in the kidney and limit the onset of acute kidney injury (AKI)...
December 2016: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Catherine L Oberg, Robert J Hiensch, Hooman D Poor
OBJECTIVE: To report a case series of three patients with hepatitis C virus infection who all presented with severe type B lactic acidosis shortly after starting treatment with ombitasvir-paritaprevir-ritonavir-dasabuvir. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: ICU. PATIENTS: Three patients, all who had HCV cirrhosis with mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh A) and had started taking ombitasvir-paritaprevir-ritonavir-dasabuvir within the preceding 2 weeks, presented with similar nonspecific symptoms of lethargy, fatigue, and nausea...
September 22, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Miklos Lipcsey, Ivan Subiakto, Jonathan Chiong, Melissa A Kaufman, Antoine G Schneider, Rinaldo Bellomo
OBJECTIVE: Fluid bolus therapy (FBT) is a common therapy for hypotensive sepsis, but no studies have compared primary FBT (in the first 6 hours after presentation to the emergency department [ED]) with secondary FBT (6-24 hours after presentation to the ED). We aimed to describe the patterns of use, physiological sequelae and outcomes of patients with hypotensive sepsis who were treated with primary FBT or combined primary and secondary FBT (secondary FBT). DESIGN, SETTING AND PATIENTS: A retrospective observational study of patients with hypotensive sepsis presenting to the ED of a tertiary hospital from 1 January to 31 December 2010...
September 2016: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
Roni D Lane, Tomohiko Funai, Ron Reeder, Gitte Y Larsen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Septic shock impacts mortality, morbidity, and health care costs. A quality improvement (QI) initiative was launched to improve early recognition and timely treatment of patients with septic shock in a pediatric emergency department (PED). Our primary aim was to describe the longitudinal effectiveness of the program, iterative changes in clinical practice, and associated outcomes. METHODS: We implemented multiple interventions during our QI initiative (February 2007 to December 2014)...
September 7, 2016: Pediatrics
S J Gong, J Song, J D Zhou, Y H Yu, H W Dai, M J Wang, L Li, Q H Xu, J Yan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic significance of venous-to-arterial carbon dioxide difference to arteriovenous oxygen content difference ratio (Pv-aCO2/Ca-vO2 ratio) combined with lactate in patients with septic shock during the early phases of resuscitation. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted for 104 septic shock patients. All patients received an initial fluid resuscitation according to the Surviving Sepsis Campaign: International Guidelines for Management of Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock, 2012(SSC2012)...
September 1, 2016: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
Atila Kara, Sakir Akin, Can Ince
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Critical illness includes a wide range of conditions from sepsis to high-risk surgery. All these diseases are characterized by reduced tissue oxygenation. Macrohemodynamic parameters may be corrected by fluids and/or vasoactive compounds; however, the microcirculation and its tissues may be damaged and remain hypoperfused. An evaluation of microcirculation may enable more physiologically based approaches for understanding the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of critically ill patients...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Kwang Chear Lee, Kavita Joory, Naiem S Moiemen
Burn injuries are one of the most common and devastating afflictions on the human body. In this article we look back at how the treatment of burns has evolved over the centuries from a primarily topical therapy consisting of weird and wonderful topical concoctions in ancient times to one that spans multiple scientific fields of topical therapy, antibiotics, fluid resuscitation, skin excision and grafting, respiratory and metabolic care and nutrition. Most major advances in burn care occurred in the last 50 years, spurred on by wars and great fires...
2014: Burns and trauma
Evgeni Brotfain, Leonid Koyfman, Ronen Toledano, Abraham Borer, Lior Fucs, Ori Galante, Amit Frenkel, Ruslan Kutz, Moti Klein
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis and septic shock continue to be syndromes that carry a high mortality rate worldwide. Early aggressive fluid and vasopressor support have resulted in significant improvement in patient outcomes. The prognostic clinical significance of a positive fluid balance in septic intensive care unit (ICU) patients remains undetermined. METHODS: We collected data from 297 septic patients hospitalized in our general and medical ICUs at Soroka Medical Center between January 2005 and June 2011 and divided the 4 study groups into the following 4 fluid balances: group 1, patients with fluid balance at discharge from ICU (FBD) less than 10 L; group 2, patients with an FBD of 10 to 20 L; group 3, patients with an FBD of 20 to 30 L; and group 4, patients with FBD in excess of 30 L...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Michael A Puskarich, Denise C Cornelius, Jack Tharp, Utsav Nandi, Alan E Jones
PURPOSE: Sepsis damages the endothelial glycocalyx, contributing to fluid extravasation, organ injury, and death. Our goal was to determine if syndecan-1 level is associated with the risk of intubation and modifying effect of intravenous fluids (IVFs) in these patients. METHODS: Syndecan-1 was measured at enrollment in patients underdoing protocolized resuscitation for severe sepsis or septic shock. The primary outcome was difference in syndecan-1 based on subsequent intubation status, with in-hospital mortality and acute kidney injury serving as secondary outcomes...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Jennifer K Workman, Stefanie G Ames, Ron W Reeder, E Kent Korgenski, Susan M Masotti, Susan L Bratton, Gitte Y Larsen
OBJECTIVES: The Surviving Sepsis Campaign recommends rapid recognition and treatment of severe sepsis and septic shock. Few reports have evaluated the impact of these recommendations in pediatrics. We sought to determine if outcomes in patients who received initial care compliant with the Surviving Sepsis Campaign time goals differed from those treated more slowly. DESIGN: Single center retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Emergency department and PICU at an academic children's hospital...
October 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Michael A Smyth, Samantha J Brace-McDonnell, Gavin D Perkins
OBJECTIVE: Early identification of sepsis could enable prompt delivery of key interventions such as fluid resuscitation and antibiotic administration which, in turn, may lead to improved patient outcomes. Limited data indicate that recognition of sepsis by paramedics is often poor. We systematically reviewed the literature on prehospital sepsis screening tools to determine whether they improved sepsis recognition. DESIGN: Systematic review. The electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library and PubMed were systematically searched up to June 2015...
2016: BMJ Open
Jean Louis Vincent, Daniel De Backer, Christian J Wiedermann
Fluid administration is a key intervention in hemodynamic resuscitation. Timely expansion (or restoration) of plasma volume may prevent tissue hypoxia and help to preserve organ function. In septic shock in particular, delaying fluid resuscitation may be associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and may promote inflammation. Ideally, infused fluids should remain in the plasma for a prolonged period. Colloids remain in the intravascular space for longer periods than do crystalloids, although their hemodynamic effect is affected by the usual metabolism of colloid substances; leakage through the endothelium in conditions with increased permeability, such as sepsis; and/or external losses, such as with hemorrhage and burns...
October 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Naeem K Patil, Julia K Bohannon, Edward R Sherwood
Sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by dysregulated host responses to infection (Third International Consensus definition for Sepsis and septic shock). Despite decades of research, sepsis remains the leading cause of death in intensive care units. More than 40 clinical trials, most of which have targeted the sepsis-associated pro-inflammatory response, have failed. Thus, antibiotics and fluid resuscitation remain the mainstays of supportive care and there is intense need to discover and develop novel, targeted therapies to treat sepsis...
September 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
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