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obesity embolization

Marta Crous-Bou, Laura B Harrington, Christopher Kabrhel
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) includes deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, and a combination of environmental and genetic risk factors contributes to VTE risk. Within environmental risk factors, some are provoking (e.g., cancer, surgery, trauma or fracture, immobilization, pregnancy and the postpartum period, long-distance travel, hospitalization, catheterization, and acute infection) and others are nonprovoking (e.g., age, sex, race/ethnicity, body mass index and obesity, oral contraceptive or hormone therapy use, corticosteroid use, statin use, diet, physical activity, sedentary time, and air pollution)...
October 20, 2016: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Maria Luisa Fonte, Lauren Fietchner, Matteo Manuelli, Hellas Cena
BACKGROUND: The aim of this case report is to discuss the issue of nutritional therapy in patients taking warfarin. Patients are often prescribed vitamin K free diets without nutritional counseling, leading to possible health consequences. CASE PRESENTATION: A 52-year-old woman with obesity and hypertension was prescribed a low calorie diet by her family doctor in an effort to promote weight loss. After a pulmonary embolism, she was placed on anticoagulant therapy and on hospital discharge she was prescribed a vitamin K free diet to avoid interactions...
October 19, 2016: Nutrition Journal
Saeed Shoar, Alan A Saber, Mohammaed Aladdin, Moataz M Bashah, Mohammed J AlKuwari, Mohamed Rizwan, Raul J Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: Gastric artery embolization (GAE) has recently received attention as a minimally invasive intervention in bariatric setting. AIMS: The current systematic review aimed to gather and categorizes the existing data in the literature regarding bariatric gastric artery manipulation. This will highlight this potential concept as a therapeutic modality. METHODS: A PubMed/Medline search was conducted to identify animal and human studies investigating the effect of gastric artery manipulation on weight, ghrelin, obesity, and tissue adiposity...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Samuel Golpanian, David J Gerth, Jun Tashiro, Seth R Thaller
INTRODUCTION: Conventionally, free transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (fTRAM) flap breast reconstruction has been associated with decreased donor site morbidity and improved flap inset. However, clinical success depends upon more sophisticated technical expertise and facilities. This study aims to characterize postoperative outcomes undergoing free versus pedicled TRAM (pTRAM) flap breast reconstruction. METHODS: Nationwide inpatient sample database (2008-2011) was reviewed for cases of fTRAM (ICD-9-CM 85...
October 14, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Jacob R Joseph, Brandon W Smith, Paul Park
OBJECTIVE: National databases are used with increasing frequency in spine surgery literature to evaluate patient outcomes. The differences between individual databases in relationship to outcomes of lumbar fusion are not known. We evaluated the variability in standard outcomes of posterior lumbar fusion between the University HealthSystem Consortium (UHC) database and the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Inpatient Sample (NIS). METHODS: NIS and UHC databases were queried for all posterior lumbar fusions (ICD-9 81...
October 11, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Aluisio Stoll, Leandro Rosin, Mariana Fernandes Dias, Bruna Marquiotti, Giovana Gugelmin, Gabriela Fanezzi Stoll
Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is one of the most common bariatric surgery and leads to considerable weight loss in the first months. Aim: To quantify the main early postoperative complications in patients submitted to the gastric bypass. Method: Observational retrospective cohort. Data of 1051 patients with class II obesity associated with comorbidities or class III obesity submitted to the gastric bypass with 30 days of follow-up starting from the date of the surgery...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Ashwini Bennett, Sanjeev Chunilal
Pregnancy-associated venous thromboembolism (PAVTE) consists of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism (PE) occurring during pregnancy or in the postpartum period. This condition is common and is a major source of morbidity in a population which is young and otherwise relatively healthy. Timely diagnosis and treatment are crucial in ensuring satisfactory patient outcomes. Diagnostic strategies for pregnancy-associated PE in particular require careful consideration of maternal and fetal risks. Low-molecular-weight heparins currently form the mainstay of treatment; however, there are uncertainties around optimal dosing of these agents in certain settings (e...
September 22, 2016: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Aslam Ejaz, Pankti Patel, Raquel Gonzalez-Heredia, Mark Holterman, Enrique F Elli, Robert Kanard
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of obesity has necessitated the increasing use of bariatric surgery in the adolescent population. Outcomes following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) among adolescents, however, have not been well-studied. We report outcomes following LSG as a first-line surgical therapy in patients under 21years of age. METHODS: All patients who underwent LSG as a primary surgical option for morbid obesity were identified at the University of Illinois at Chicago between 2006 and 2014...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Wengen Zhu, Rong Wan, Fuwei Liu, Jinzhu Hu, Lin Huang, Juxiang Li, Kui Hong
BACKGROUND: Several studies have investigated the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the prognosis of atrial fibrillation, but the results remain controversial. We sought to estimate the association of BMI with atrial fibrillation-related outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: We systematically searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Elsevier databases for all studies reporting associations between BMI and atrial fibrillation-related outcomes. Relative risks (RRs) and 95% CIs were extracted and pooled...
September 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
T O Smith, T Aboelmagd, C B Hing, A MacGregor
AIMS: Our aim was to determine whether, based on the current literature, bariatric surgery prior to total hip (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) reduces the complication rates and improves the outcome following arthroplasty in obese patients. METHODS: A systematic literature search was undertaken of published and unpublished databases on the 5 November 2015. All papers reporting studies comparing obese patients who had undergone bariatric surgery prior to arthroplasty, or not, were included...
September 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Emanuela Viviani, Anna Maria Giribono, Donatella Narese, Doriana Ferrara, Giuseppe Servillo, Luca Del Guercio, Umberto Marcello Bracale
Compartment syndrome (CS) is a pathological increase of the interstitial pressure within the closed osseous fascial compartments. Trauma is the most common cause, followed by embolization, burns, and iatrogenic injuries; it usually involves the limbs. The major issue when dealing with CS is the possibility to do an early diagnosis in order to intervene precociously, through a fasciotomy, reducing the risk of tissue, vascular and nervous damage. Although it is an infrequent condition, it is potentially life threatening...
August 31, 2016: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
Mubin I Syed, Kamal Morar, Azim Shaikh, Paul Craig, Omar Khan, Sumeet Patel, Hooman Khabiri
PURPOSE: To report 6-month safety and efficacy results of a pilot study of left gastric artery (LGA) embolization for the treatment of morbid obesity (ie, body mass index [BMI] > 40 kg/m(2)). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four white patients (three women; average age, 41 y [range, 30-54 y]; mean weight, 259.3 lbs [range, 199-296 lbs]; mean BMI, 42.4 kg/m(2) [range, 40.2-44.9 kg/m(2)]) underwent an LGA embolization procedure with 300-500-µm Bead Block particles via right common femoral or left radial artery approach...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Ehsan Benrashid, Shaunak Sanjay Adkar, Kyla Megan Bennett, Sabino Zani, Mitchell Wayne Cox
While there is some local variability in the use of inferior vena cava filters and there has been some evolution in the indications for filter placement over time, inferior vena cava filters remain a standard option for pulmonary embolism prophylaxis. Indications are clear in certain subpopulations of patients, particularly those with deep venous thrombosis and absolute contraindications to anticoagulation. There are, however, a variety of reported inferior vena cava filter complications in the short and long term, making retrieval of the filter desirable in most cases...
2015: SAGE Open Med Case Rep
Grigoris T Gerotziafas, Ismail Elalamy
Cancer is a leading cause of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and vice versa. Pulmonary embolism is the second cause of death in cancer patients. Tumor progression is associated with coagulation activation. The pathogenesis of thrombosis during cancer is particularly complex stemming from multiple connections of this disease with both systems of inflammation and hemostasis. The risk of VTE depends on cancer type and the stage of the disease, the anticancer treatments and the time since cancer diagnosis as well as on the presence of patient-related risk factors (i...
September 2016: Bulletin du Cancer
Kenny Tay, Hamid Rahmatullah Bin Abd Razak, Andrew Hwee Chye Tan
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a known complication of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). In addition, obesity has been implicated as a risk factor and justification for chemoprophylaxis for VTE. We wanted to review the prevalence of VTE among our patients and evaluate the incidence rates of VTE among nonobese and obese patients. METHODS: We reviewed 894 patients who underwent elective unilateral total knee arthroplasty by a single surgeon from March 2003 to November 2014 in our center...
June 4, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Hiroshi Inoue, Eitaro Kodani, Hirotsugu Atarashi, Ken Okumura, Takeshi Yamashita, Hideki Origasa
Obesity is a risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF); however, obesity is associated with lower mortality in patients with established AF, a phenomenon known as the obesity paradox. Previous studies reported inconsistent results regarding effects of body weight on risk of cardiogenic embolism in patients with AF. To determine relation between body mass index (BMI) and prognosis among Japanese patients with nonvalvular AF (NVAF), a post hoc analysis was conducted using observational data in the J-RHYTHM Registry...
July 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Nicholas Frisch, Nolan M Wessell, Michael Charters, Ed Peterson, Brett Cann, Alex Greenstein, Craig D Silverton
Perioperative blood management remains a challenge during total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to systematically examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and perioperative blood transfusion during THA and TKA while attempting to resolve conflicting results in previously published studies. The authors retrospectively evaluated 2399 patients, 896 of whom underwent THA and 1503 of whom underwent TKA. Various outcome variables were assessed for their relationship to BMI, which was stratified using the World Health Organization classification scheme (normal, <25 kg/m(2); overweight, 25-30 kg/m(2); obese, >30 kg/m(2))...
September 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Ahmed I Salem, Matthew R Thau, Tobin J Strom, Andrea M Abbott, Nadia Saeed, Khaldoun Almhanna, Sarah E Hoffe, Ravi Shridhar, Richard C Karl, Kenneth L Meredith
The impact of body weight on outcomes after robotic-assisted esophageal surgery for cancer has not been studied. We examined the short-term operative outcomes in patients according to their body mass index following robotic-assisted Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy at a high-volume tertiary-care referral cancer center and evaluated the safety of robotic surgery in patients with an elevated body mass index. A retrospective review of all patients who underwent robotic-assisted Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy between April 2010 and June 2013 for pathologically confirmed distal esophageal cancer was conducted...
May 4, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
C Stroh, N Michel, D Luderer, S Wolff, V Lange, F Köckerling, C Knoll, T Manger
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based data on optimal approach for prophylaxis of deep venous thrombosis (VTE) and pulmonary embolism (PE) in bariatric operations is discussed. Using antithrombotic prophylaxis, weight adjusted the risk of VTE and its complications have to be balanced with the increased bleeding risk. METHODS: Since 2005, the current situation for bariatric surgery has been examined by quality assurance study in Germany. As a prospective multicenter observational study, data on the type, regimen, and time course of VTE prophylaxis were documented...
April 25, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Kenjiro Sakaki, Masaki Nie, Akihiro Sasahara, Koki Nakashima, Kuniyoshi Ohara, Kagami Miyaji
According to the current guidelines for acute pulmonary embolism in Japan, it is standard to perform surgical thrombectomy only after introducing percutaneous cardiopulmonary support (PCPS) for circulatory collapse. We experienced 2 cases of surgical thrombectomy without using PCPS. The 1st patient was a 49-year-old man. Computed tomography (CT) on admission revealed a thrombus in the main trunk of the pulmonary artery. He developed severe dyspnea and drop of consciousness after admission, and underwent emergency surgical thrombectomy...
March 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
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