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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929399/the-association-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-atrial-fibrillation-a-review
#1
Aki Juhani Käräjämäki, Janne Hukkanen, Olavi Ukkola
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is highly prevalent and causes an enormous burden to human health and health-care systems all over the world. A great proportion of this burden results from increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common chronic heart arrhythmia globally and it increases the risk of embolic stroke and heart failure. Recent studies have explored the association between NAFLD and AF with somewhat conflicting results. However, ultrasound-verified prospective studies concur that NAFLD is associated with the incidence of AF...
June 22, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916091/vascular-complications-in-adult-postcardiotomy-cardiogenic-shock-patients-receiving-venoarterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#2
Feng Yang, Dengbang Hou, Jinhong Wang, Yongchao Cui, Xiaomeng Wang, Zhichen Xing, Chunjing Jiang, Xing Hao, Zhongtao Du, Xiaofang Yang, Yu Jiang, Xiaotong Hou
BACKGROUND: The rate, prognostic impacts, and predisposing factors of major vascular complications (MVCs) in patients underwent venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) by surgical cut-down are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to identify these parameters in adult VA-ECMO patients. METHODS: Adult postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock (PCS) patients receiving VA-ECMO by femoral surgical cut-down cannulation from January 2004 to December 2015 were enrolled in this study...
June 19, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876337/the-role-of-inflammation-in-venous-thromboembolism
#3
REVIEW
Brian R Branchford, Shannon L Carpenter
Venous thromboembolism (VTE), comprising deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and pulmonary embolism (PE), is becoming increasingly recognized as a cause of morbidity and mortality in pediatrics, particularly among hospitalized children. Furthermore, evidence is accumulating that suggests the inflammatory response may be a cause, as well as consequence, of VTE, but current anticoagulation treatment regimens are not designed to inhibit inflammation. In fact, many established clinical VTE risk factors such as surgery, obesity, cystic fibrosis, sepsis, systemic infection, cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, and lupus likely modulate thrombosis through inflammatory mediators...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872893/bariatric-arterial-embolization-for-obesity-a-review-of-early-clinical-evidence
#4
Bin-Yan Zhong, Godwin Abiola, Clifford R Weiss
Obesity is a worldwide public health epidemic that leads to increased morbidity, mortality, and cost burden to health care. Although bariatric surgery has been recognized as a standard invasive treatment for obesity, it is accompanied by relatively high morbidity and cost burden, as well as limited treatment outcome. Therefore, alternative treatments with lower morbidity and cost for surgery that target patients who are obese, but not morbidly obese, are needed. A minimally invasive trans-catheter procedure, named bariatric arterial embolization or bariatric embolization (BAE), has been identified as a potential solution, based on its safety and preliminary efficacy profiles...
June 5, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762047/imaging-of-suspected-pulmonary-embolism-and-deep-venous-thrombosis-in-obese-patients
#5
Vincent Cascio, Man Hon, Linda B Haramati, Animesh Gour, Peter Spiegler, Sanjeev Bhalla, Douglas Katz
Obesity is a growing problem around the world, and radiology departments frequently encounter difficulties related to large patient size. Diagnosis and management of suspected venous thromboembolism, in particular deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), are challenging even in some lean patients, and can become even more complicated in the setting of obesity. Many obstacles must be overcome to obtain imaging examinations in obese patients with suspected PE and/or DVT, and to ensure that these examinations are of sufficient quality to diagnose or exclude thromboembolic disease, or to establish an alternative diagnosis...
May 15, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747728/management-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-pregnancy
#6
REVIEW
Jennifer E Dominguez, Linda Street, Judette Louis
The spectrum of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) ranges from mild snoring to obstructive sleep apnea, the most severe form of SDB. Current recommendations are to treat these women with continuous positive airway pressure despite limited data. SDB in early and mid-pregnancy is associated with preeclampsia and gestational diabetes. Pregnant women with a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea at delivery were at significantly increased risk of having cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure, pulmonary embolism, and in-hospital death...
June 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576494/combined-fluoroscopy-and-ultrasound-guided-transjugular-kidney-biopsy-in-cirrhotic-patients
#7
Shahnawaz Bashir, Amar Mukund, Ruzina Firdose Syed, Suman Lata Nayak, Archana Rastogi, Shiv K Sarin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and diagnostic yield of combined fluoroscopy and ultrasound-guided transjugular kidney biopsy (TJKB) in cirrhotic patients with suspected renal parenchymal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was made of 27 patients (21 men; overall mean age 44.7 y) who underwent TJKB from June 2013 to June 2016; 21 patients had coagulopathy and/or thrombocytopenia, 4 underwent simultaneous TJKB with transjugular liver biopsy, and 1 patient each had severe obesity and gross ascites...
May 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576234/usefulness-of-statins-for-prevention-of-venous-thromboembolism
#8
REVIEW
Patricia Chaffey, Mary Thompson, Ajit D Pai, Ali R Tafreshi, Javad Tafreshi, Ramdas G Pai
Venous thromboembolism (VTE), including deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, is common with an annual incidence of 1 to 5 per 1,000, resulting in major morbidity, mortality, and increased health care costs. It is more common in the elderly, obese, those with cancer, those undergoing surgery, and those with previous VTE. Strategy to reduce its occurrence has important public health implications. Pleotropic effects of statins may have beneficial effects on a number of potential targets associated with VTE...
June 1, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538240/thromboembolic-events-after-traumatic-vertebral-fractures-an-analysis-of-190-192-patients
#9
Andre M Samuel, Pablo J Diaz-Collado, Raj J Gala, Matthew L Webb, Adam M Lukasiewicz, Bryce A Basques, Daniel D Bohl, Han Jo Kim, Jonathan N Grauer
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study OBJECTIVE.: To determine the rate of venous thromboembolism event (VTE) and risk factors for their occurrence in patients with vertebral fractures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism (VTE) events are a significant source of potentially preventable morbidity and mortality in trauma patients. In patients with traumatic vertebral fractures, a common high-energy injury sometimes resulting in spinal cord injury, there is debate about what factors may be associated with such VTEs...
March 13, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517519/sudden-death-in-schizophrenia
#10
Kevin J Li, Aaron P Greenstein, Lynn E Delisi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To examine the recent literature regarding sudden death in patients with schizophrenia and synthesize salient conclusions based on this evidence. RECENT FINDINGS: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the largest subset of sudden unexpected death (SUD), with up to 40% of SUD from cardiovascular causes. SCD has been associated with exposure to both first and second-generation antipsychotics. Clozapine [odds ratio (OR) 3.67, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1...
May 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443835/venous-thromboembolism-incidence-after-craniofacial-surgery
#11
Wilson I Omesiete, James A Walker, Jack C Yu
INTRODUCTION: Current protocols for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis after craniofacial surgery (CFS) vary widely with substantial disagreements in both indications and managements. An evidence-based approach to this issue requires the following: the incidence of postoperative VTE, comorbidities associated with coagulopathy, risk reduction after VTE prophylaxis, and complications attributable to prophylaxis. This study addresses the first two. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study...
May 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432575/multiple-common-co-morbidities-produce-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-associated-with-coronary-microvascular-dysfunction-oxidative-stress-and-myocardial-stiffening
#12
O Sorop, I Heinonen, M van Kranenburg, J van de Wouw, V J de Beer, T N Nguyen, Y Octavia, R W B van Duin, K Stam, R J van Geuns, P A Wielopolski, G P Krestin, A H van den Meiracker, R Verjans, M van Bilsen, A H J Danser, W J Paulus, C Cheng, W A Linke, J A Joles, M C Verhaar, J van der Velden, D Merkus, D J Duncker
Rationale: More than 50% of patients with heart failure have preserved ejection fraction characterized by diastolic dysfunction. The prevalance of diastolic dysfunction is higher in females and associates with multiple comorbidities such as hypertension (HT), obesity, hypercholesterolemia (HC) and diabetes mellitus (DM), although its pathophysiology remains incompletely understood. It has been proposed that the co-morbidities induce systemic inflammation, cardiac microvascular dysfunction and oxidative stress, leading to myocardial fibrosis, myocyte stiffening and ultimately, diastolic dysfunction...
February 8, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425382/the-beneficial-effect-of-weight-reduction-on-adverse-cardiovascular-outcomes-following-bariatric-surgery-is-attenuated-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#13
Ahmed Dalmar, Maharaj Singh, Bennet Pandey, Christopher Stoming, Zoe Heis, Khawaja Afzal Ammar, M Fuad Jan, Indrajit Choudhuri, Thomas Y Chua, Jasbir Sra, A Jamil Tajik, Arshad Jahangir
Weight loss after bariatric surgery is associated with reduction in adverse cardiovascular outcomes; however, the impact of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on reduction of cardiovascular outcomes after bariatric surgery in morbidly obese patients is not known. We retrospectively assessed differences in cardiovascular events after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB)-induced weight loss in patients with and without OSA before and after propensity score matching for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and major comorbidities between the two groups and determined predictors of poor outcomes...
May 1, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420429/elevated-venous-thromboembolism-risk-following-colectomy-for-ibd-is-equal-to-those-for-colorectal-cancer-for-ninety-days-after-surgery
#14
Fadwa Ali, Sadeer G Al-Kindi, Jacqueline J Blank, Carrie Y Peterson, Kirk A Ludwig, Timothy J Ridolfi
BACKGROUND: The risk of postoperative venous thromboembolism is high in patients with colon cancer and IBD. Although The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons suggests posthospital prophylaxis after surgery in patients with colon cancer, there are no such recommendations for patients with IBD. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze the incidence and risk factors for postoperative venous thromboembolism. DESIGN: This was a retrospective review using the Explorys platform...
March 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322296/catheter-directed-ultrasound-facilitated-fibrinolysis-in-obese-patients-with-massive-and-submassive-pulmonary-embolism
#15
Brett J Carroll, Samuel Z Goldhaber, Ping-Yu Liu, Gregory Piazza
Obesity is a well-established risk factor for pulmonary embolism (PE). However, treatment of PE in obese patients is challenging because of limited outcomes data, especially with advanced therapies such as catheter-based fibrinolysis. We assessed the efficacy and safety of ultrasound-facilitated, catheter-directed fibrinolysis in obese patients with submassive and massive PE enrolled in the SEATTLE II Trial. Eligible patients had a right ventricular-to-left ventricular (RV/LV) diameter ratio ≥ 0.9 on chest computed tomography (CT)...
February 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310357/risk-profile-management-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-venous-thromboembolism-attended-in-spanish-emergency-departments-the-espheria-registry
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sonia Jimenez, Pedro Ruiz-Artacho, Marta Merlo, Coral Suero, Albert Antolin, José Ramón Casal, Marta Sanchez, Alejandra Ortega-Duarte, Mar Genis, Pascual Piñera
The objective of this study was to determine the clinical profile of and diagnostic and therapeutic approach to patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) in Spanish Emergency Departments (EDs). Risk factors, adherence to clinical practice guidelines, and outcomes were also evaluated.Patients with VTE diagnosed in 53 Spanish EDs were prospectively and consecutively included. Demographic data, comorbidities, risk factors for VTE, index event characteristics, hemorrhagic risk, and mortality were evaluated. Adherence to clinical practice guidelines was assessed based on clinical probability scales, requests for determination of D-dimer, use of anticoagulant treatment before confirmation of diagnosis, and assessment of bleeding and prognostic risk...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289457/seasonality-in-the-adverse-outcomes-in-weight-loss-surgeries
#17
Qingwei Hu, Lu Shi, Liwei Chen, Lu Zhang, Khoa Truong, Alex Ewing, Jiande Wu, John Scott
BACKGROUND: Weight loss surgery is a common procedure in the United States. OBJECTIVE: As weight loss surgery is largely an elective procedure for which patients and physicians can choose the timing, it could be helpful to explore the seasonality pattern of its perioperative adverse outcomes to help decide the timing of this surgery. SETTING: United States. METHODS: We used an obese adult sample (age ≥20 yr) of patients who underwent weight loss surgeries from the Premier Healthcare Database from 2011 to 2014...
March 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287491/acute-pulmonary-embolism-after-arthroscopic-glenoid-labral-repair-and-subacromial-decompression-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Michelle Yagnatovsky, Amos Z Dai, Michael Zacchilli, Laith M Jazrawi
This report describes the case of a 29 year-old female with a history of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and on combined oral contraceptives who presents with an acute, CT confirmed pulmonary embolus of the right lower lobe, one week following arthroscopic labral repair of the right shoulder. This patient's relevant risk factors including obesity, oral contraceptive use, PCOS, and surgical positioning are discussed. Literature surrounding venous thromboembolism (VTE) following shoulder arthroscopy is also reviewed...
February 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284569/epidemiology-of-stroke-in-costa-rica-a-7-year-hospital-based-acute-stroke-registry-of-1319-consecutive-patients
#19
Gabriel Torrealba-Acosta, Kenneth Carazo-Céspedes, Sy Han Chiou, Anthony Terrence O'Brien, Huberth Fernández-Morales
BACKGROUND: Limited data on stroke exist for Costa Rica. Therefore, we created a stroke registry out of patients with stroke seen in the Acute Stroke Unit of the Hospital Calderon Guardia. METHODS: We analyzed 1319 patients enrolled over a 7-year period, which incorporated demographic, clinical, laboratory, and neuroimaging data. RESULTS: The mean age of patients with stroke was 68.0 ± 15.5 years. Seven hundred twenty-five were men and the age range was 13-104 years...
May 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276176/coronary-aneurysms-in-the-acute-patient-incidence-characterization-and-long-term-management-results
#20
Iván J Núñez-Gil, Belén Terol, Gisela Feltes, Luis Nombela-Franco, Pablo Salinas, Javier Escaned, Pilar Jiménez-Quevedo, Nieves Gonzalo, David Vivas, Daniel Bautista, Carlos Macaya, Antonio Fernández-Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Coronary aneurysms (1.5 times dilation the reference-vessel) are uncommon and have been diagnosed with increasing frequency with coronary angiography. The incidence varies from 1.5% to 5%. Reported complications are multiple: thrombosis, distal embolization, rupture and vasospasm, causing ischemia, heart failure or arrhythmias. However, the natural history and prognosis remains obscure. We aimed to describe the characteristics of acute patients with coronary aneurysms. METHODS: Prospective coronariography registry of patients with the diagnosis of coronary aneurysm between 2002 and 2013...
December 6, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
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