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botox to scalenes thoracic outlet

Paul J Christo, Dana K Christo, Adam J Carinci, Julie A Freischlag
OBJECTIVE: To examine pain relief in patients with neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) after a single, low dose injection of botulinum toxin A (Botox) into the anterior scalene muscle (ASM) under computed tomographic (CT) guidance. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study. SETTING: Academic medical institution. PATIENTS: Patients 18 years of age and older were evaluated for potential scalenectomy and first rib resection using the transaxillary approach at the study institution between 2005 and 2008...
April 2010: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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