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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876746/-the-cross-plastic-correction-of-the-soft-tissue-defect-on-the-neck-with-the-use-of-a-pectoral-flap-harvested-from-the-opposite-side
#1
A L Klochikhin, G I Markov, A L Chistyakov, N N Kosheleva
The authors describe a patient presenting with initially multiple metachronous cancer spreading over the right-handed side of the mouth floor and the right-handed part of the lower jaw. The patient who underwent cross-plastic surgery for the correction of the extensive soft tissue defect on the neck with the use of the musculocutaneous pectoral flap with the axial blood supply is described. The observation during the 14 year follow-up period confirmed the good functional outcome of the treatment.
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701198/physoschistura-chhimtuipuiensis-a-new-species-of-loach-teleostei-nemacheilidae-from-mizoram-north-eastern-india
#2
Lalramliana Lalramliana, Denis Van Lalhlimpuia, Beihrosa Solo, Vanramliana Vanramliana
Physoschistura chhimtuipuiensis, new species, from a tributary of the Kaladan River in Mizoram, northeastern India, is distinguished from all other species of Physoschistura by a combination of the following characters: scales between pectoral- and pelvic-fin bases deeply embedded and sparsely set, lateral line incomplete with 56-63 pores, reaching slightly beyond the base of the last anal-fin ray, a suborbital flap in male, 8½ branched dorsal-fin rays and 8+7 branched caudal-fin rays.
October 4, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615962/a-new-species-of-the-lizardfish-genus-synodus-aulopiformes-synodontidae-from-the-western-pacific-ocean
#3
Hsuan-Ching Ho, Jen-Ping Chen, Kwang-Tsao Shao
Synodus pacificus sp. nov., a new species of lizardfish, is described based on specimens collected in the western Pacific Ocean. It belongs to a species group with needle-like posterior processes of the pelvic girdle and differs from its congeners by having the following combination of characters: 4 upside-down omega-shaped marks on the lateral body; black patches on the nape and opercular region; cross bars on the ventral surface of the head; bars on the dorsal and caudal fins; orbital large (6.7-8.1% SL); interorbital space narrow (2...
2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562154/-reconstruction-of-postburn-facial-scar-contracture-deformity-with-expanded-flap-containing-cervical-cutaneous-branch-of-transverse-cervical-artery
#4
P Xu, S Q Wang, X Yan, Y Lin, H H Ge, Q Tan
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of expanded flap containing cervical cutaneous branch of transverse cervical artery (TCA) on reconstruction of postburn facial scar contracture deformity. METHODS: Six patients with postburn facial scar contracture deformity, hospitalized from September 2011 to January 2016, with the scar area ranging from 12 cm×10 cm to 20 cm×15 cm, were reconstructed with expanded flap containing cervical cutaneous branch of TCA. One expander of 300 mL or 350 mL implanted in anterior pectoral area was injected for excessive expanding; one patient was conducted with expansion in both sides of the anterior pectoral area...
August 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470816/resurrection-of-the-family-aetobatidae-myliobatiformes-for-the-pelagic-eagle-rays-genus-aetobatus
#5
William T White, Gavin J P Naylor
Molecular and morphological data show that the pelagic eagle rays of the genus Aetobatus form a distinct family-level grouping separate from the true eagle rays, Aetomylaeus and Myliobatis (family Myliobatidae). The family Aetobatidae is herein resurrected to include the pelagic eagle rays and definitions are provided for this family and for the Myliobatidae. The key characters separating Aetobatidae from Myliobatidae are: pectoral fins joining head at level of eyes (vs. below level of eyes), internasal flap deeply notched (vs...
2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394550/a-new-species-of-coryogalops-perciformes-gobiidae-and-the-first-adult-record-of-feia-nympha-from-the-red-sea
#6
Marcelo Kovačić, Sergey V Bogorodsky, Ahmad O Mal
A new species of the gobiid genus Coryogalops, C. nanus sp. nov. is described from the Red Sea. Coryogalops nanus sp. nov. is distinguished from congeners in having dorsal-fin rays VI + I,10; anal-fin rays I,9; pectoral-fin rays 12-14 (lowest count known for the genus), two upper rays with free tips; pelvic fins I,5, joined to form an emarginate disc, no pelvic frenum; predorsal area and narrow area at base of first dorsal fin naked; longitudinal scale series 26-29; transverse scale rows counted forward 6-7; transverse scale rows counted backward 7-8; circumpeduncular scale rows 11-12; seven transverse suborbital rows of sensory papillae; no tentacle above upper eye margin; anterior nostril tubular, without flap at its tip, posterior nostril pore-like; body semitranslucent, covered with small scattered orange-yellow spots and speckles, those in predorsal area contain black dots; an internal row of white spots along ventral part of body above anal-fin base and on caudal peduncle; head with small scattered orange to yellowish brown spots; first dorsal fin with two broad white bands at base of fin and distally, and with hyaline area densely dotted with melanophores in the middle of fin; preserved specimens opaque white to yellowish with sparse melanophores...
2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27207955/kinematics-of-mouthbrooding-in-oreochromis-niloticus-cichlidae
#7
Sam Van Wassenbergh, Iris Joris, Mathieu Desclée, Hon Jung Liew, Gudrun De Boeck, Dominique Adriaens, Peter Aerts
Many species from several different families of fishes perform mouthbrooding, where one of the sexes protects and ventilates the eggs inside the mouth cavity. This ventilation behaviour differs from gill ventilation outside the brooding period, as the normal, small-amplitude suction-pump respiration cycles are alternated with actions including near-simultaneous closed-mouth protrusions and high-amplitude depressions of the hyoid. The latter is called churning, referring to its hypothetical function in moving around and repositioning the eggs by a presumed hydrodynamic effect of the marked shifts in volume along the mouth cavity...
May 15, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141837/accordion-style-pedicle-suspension-in-inferocentral-pedicled-mammoplasty
#8
Tekin Simsek, Murat Sinan Engin, Asef Abdullayev, Ismail Kucuker, Ahmet Demir, Lutfi Eroglu
OBJECTIVE: In breast reduction surgery, while the primary objective may appear to be decreasing the breast volume, the ultimate goal is to achieve symmetrical, appealing, and sustainable breast cosmesis. To circumvent late-term ptosis following inferior pedicle mammoplasty, methods such as pedicle suspension to the ribs, support with dermal flaps and grafts, and the use of some alloplastic materials have been proposed. This paper presents a method of folding and fixing the inferocentral pedicle on itself and the underlying pectoral fascia...
October 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107500/a-case-report-of-total-breast-reconstruction-using-an-inframammary-adipofascial-flap-with-an-implant
#9
Tomoko Ogawa, Tomomi Yamakawa
INTRODUCTION: Prosthetic-based breast reconstruction can be used in combination with autologous flaps such as a latissimus dorsi (LD) flap or a thoracodorsal artery perforator (TDAP) flap to achieve symmetry. However, the LD and TDAP flaps require a different skin incision from that which is used for the mastectomy. As a new autologous flap for use in combination with prosthetic-based breast reconstruction after nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM), we used an inframammary adipofascial flap...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27077022/hydrodynamic-study-of-freely-swimming-shark-fish-propulsion-for-marine-vehicles-using-2d-particle-image-velocimetry
#10
Mannam Naga Praveen Babu, J M Mallikarjuna, P Krishnankutty
Two-dimensional velocity fields around a freely swimming freshwater black shark fish in longitudinal (XZ) plane and transverse (YZ) plane are measured using digital particle image velocimetry (DPIV). By transferring momentum to the fluid, fishes generate thrust. Thrust is generated not only by its caudal fin, but also using pectoral and anal fins, the contribution of which depends on the fish's morphology and swimming movements. These fins also act as roll and pitch stabilizers for the swimming fish. In this paper, studies are performed on the flow induced by fins of freely swimming undulatory carangiform swimming fish (freshwater black shark, L = 26 cm) by an experimental hydrodynamic approach based on quantitative flow visualization technique...
2016: Robotics and Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26958529/unusual-communications-of-the-brachial-plexus
#11
Sarika Rachel Tigga, Surbhi Wadhwa, Preeti Goswami
The knowledge of innervation of pectoral muscles is important to surgeons performing breast surgeries, axillary lymph node dissection, harvesting pectoralis major/minor for flaps, and during neurotization procedures where the pectoral nerves are particularly at risk. The present case describes the innervation of the pectoral muscles solely by a nerve trunk arising from the ansa pectoralis (AP) - the loop of medial and lateral pectoral nerves. Interestingly, there was also a communication between the AP and roots forming the median nerve...
January 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26952040/flap-fixation-reduces-seroma-in-patients-undergoing-mastectomy-a-significant-implication-for-clinical-practice
#12
James van Bastelaar, Arianne Beckers, Maarten Snoeijs, Geerard Beets, Yvonne Vissers
BACKGROUND: Seroma formation is a common complication following mastectomy for invasive breast cancer. Mastectomy flap fixation is achieved by reducing dead space volume using interrupted subcutaneous sutures. METHODS: All patients undergoing mastectomy due to invasive breast cancer or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) were eligible for inclusion. From May 2012 to March 2013, all patients undergoing mastectomy in two hospitals were treated using flap fixation. The skin flaps were sutured on to the pectoral muscle using polyfilament absorbable sutures...
2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26894052/two-cases-of-rectus-sternalis-muscle
#13
Minnie Pillay, Swapna Ramakrishnan, Mahendran Mayilswamy
The sternalis muscle, an uncommon anatomical variant of the chest wall musculature, though perhaps well known to anatomists, is quite unfamiliar to clinicians and radiologists despite attempts to highlight its clinical importance in recent years. During routine dissection for undergraduate medical teaching, in the department of anatomy, we came across two cases of sternalis muscle. The first was a unique case of unilateral right sternalis with contralateral insertion on the left sternocleidomastoid, and the second case where bilateral presence of the muscle was noted with ipsilateral insertion...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26808741/endoscope-assisted-pectoralis-major-rectus-abdominis-bipedicle-muscle-flap-for-the-treatment-of-poststernotomy-mediastinitis
#14
Chieh Chou, Ming-Jer Tasi, Yen-Ting Sheen, Shu-Hung Huang, Tung-Ying Hsieh, Chih-Hau Chang, Chung-Sheng Lai, Kao-Ping Chang, Sin-Daw Lin, Su-Shin Lee
INTRODUCTION: Various management strategies have been reported for sternal wound care; however, they exhibit limited effectiveness or are associated with severe complications. Furthermore, it is difficult for the standard pectoralis major (PM) muscle advance flap to reach the lower third of the sternum. This article examines using the PM-rectus abdominis (RA) bipedicle muscle flap to treat lower-third deep sternal wound infection. METHODS: The outcomes of patients who received a PM-RA bipedicle muscle flap harvest at our institution between 1996 and 2014 were reviewed...
March 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26793687/four-flap-suspension-technique-for-prevention-of-bottoming-out-after-breast-reduction
#15
Yüksel Kankaya, Melike Oruç, Nezih Sungur, Özlem Çolak Aslan, Koray Gürsoy, Kadri Özer, Uğur Koçer
PURPOSE: Bottoming-out deformity is accepted as the most important disadvantage of inferior pedicle breast reduction. For prevention of this deformity, different techniques are used in combination with inferior pedicle. In this study, we aimed to prevent bottoming-out deformity by producing an internal bra effect through combination of inferior pedicle technique with 2 superior and 2 inferior dermal flaps that were raised from each side of the pedicle. METHODS: Thirteen patients whose medical records became available during the follow-up period at Ankara Training and Research Hospital from January 2010 to January 2015 were included in this study...
January 2016: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26722234/a-modified-pectoralis-major-myocutaneous-flap-technique-with-improved-vascular-supply-and-an-extended-rotation-arc-for-oral-defects-a-case-report
#16
Takahiro Kanno, Yoshiki Nariai, Hiroto Tatsumi, Masaaki Karino, Aya Yoshino, Joji Sekine
The pedicled pectoralis major myocutaneous (PMMC) flap is versatile, and is widely used for the treatment of surgical defects following oral cancer resection. Although free-tissue transfer of a vascularized free flap is often preferred, the clinical benefits of the PMMC flap should not be overlooked. The conventional technique of harvesting a PMMC flap involves a single vascular supply from the pectoral branch of the thoracoacromial artery. However, this approach compromises the distal skin island of the flap, and requires an indirect blood supply via communicating vessels, which increases the potential risk of partial distal flap necrosis...
November 2015: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26701592/a-new-species-of-muraenichthys-anguilliformes-ophichthidae-from-the-indo-pacific-with-revised-generic-diagnosis
#17
Yusuke Hibino, Seishi Kimura
A new worm eel (Ophichthidae, Myrophinae), Muraenichthys velinasalis, is described based on five specimens (97.9-281.0 mm of total length) collected from Taiwan, Philippines, northeastern Australia, Vanuatu, and Sri Lanka. Muranichthys velinasalis is most similar to M. philippinensis and M. schultzei in the position of the dorsal-fin origin behind a vertical through mid-anus, but can be easily distinguished from the latter two species by the condition of the posterior nostril, unique character of M. velinasalis within Muraenichthys, and by the shape of the teeth on the innermost row of the upper jaw (relatively robust and slightly pointed vs...
2015: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26621922/reconstruction-of-massive-post-sternotomy-defects-with-allogeneic-bone-graft-four-year-results-and-experience-using-the-method
#18
Martin Kaláb, Jan Karkoška, Milan Kamínek, Eva Matějková, Zuzana Slaměníková, Aleš Klváček, Petr Šantavý
OBJECTIVES: Deep sternal wound infection poses a serious problem in cardiac surgery, with an up to 40% risk of mortality. Massive loss of sternum bone tissue and adjacent ribs results in major chest wall instability causing respiratory insufficiency and defects of soft tissue healing. Proposals for managing the situation have been published but the complexity of the issue precludes unequivocal resolution. Capitalizing on orthopaedic experience, we used allogeneic bone graft of sternum as a viable option...
March 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26492536/-strategies-for-the-treatment-of-postoperative-sternal-infections
#19
A Akil, P Schnorr, K Wiebe
Postoperative sternal infections are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. An incidence of up to 8 % has to be expected. Typically, a highly inflammatory acute infection with a marked soft tissue component is observed. However, the infection may also be present as a less symptomatic reaction and localised chronic osteomyelitis with fistula formation. The treatment strategy for a deep sternal wound infection consists of several steps. A radical debridement of the wound requires the opening of all abscesses, the resection of non-vital bone and the removal of all infected allomaterial...
February 2016: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26243385/modified-free-pectoral-skin-flaps-in-rats
#20
Andreas Max Pabst, Lukas Jäger, Maximilian Ackermann, Moritz Anton Konerding
Various types of murine free flaps have been developed for microsurgical training and research. We present a new modification of the free pectoral skin flap in Sprague-Dawley rats. Twelve free pectoral skin flaps were raised according to the standard protocol except that we deviated from it by transecting the common thoracic vessels at the origin of the axillary vessels and anastomosing them end-to-side to the femoral vessels in the groin. This reduced operating time and complications as well as postoperative morbidity and mortality...
November 2015: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
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