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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622206/bupropion-augmentation-in-a-case-of-compulsive-buying-disorder
#1
Gianna Sepede, Giuseppe Di Iorio, Fabiola Sarchione, Federica Fiori, Massimo Di Giannantonio
BACKGROUND: Compulsive buying disorder (CBD) is a condition characterized by excessive preoccupations, impulses, and behaviors regarding buying, resulting in serious psychological, social, and financial problems. Even though it has not been included in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, "behavioral addictions" section, CBD is a hot topic in current clinical psychiatry, because of its relevant prevalence (at least 5% in adult populations) and severe effect on quality of life...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622159/weeding-out-the-justification-for-marijuana-treatment-in-patients-with-developmental-and-behavioral-conditions
#2
Theodora Nelson, Yi Hui Liu, Kara S Bagot, Martin T Stein
Alex is a 13-year-old adolescent with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-combined type, anxiety, and depression. He has been resistant to engaging in therapy and treatment with various medications has been unsuccessful. Alex's parents are concerned about his anxiety, isolation, oppositional behaviors, academic underachievement, truancy, and substance use. A recent altercation with his stepfather led to a police intervention and a brief removal of Alex from the home...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620308/the-effect-of-interdialytic-combined-resistance-and-aerobic-exercise-training-on-health-related-outcomes-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients-the-tunisian-randomized-controlled-study
#3
Bechir Frih, Hamdi Jaafar, Wajdi Mkacher, Zohra Ben Salah, Mohamed Hammami, Ameur Frih
Background: Tunisia has the highest prevalence of hemodialysis patients compared to the other countries in North Africa. Dialysis centers rarely offer an exercise program to prevent physiological and psychological dialysis therapy-related alterations in chronic hemodialysis patients. Aim: To examine the effect of combined endurance-resistance training program on physiological and psychological outcomes in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Methods: We designed a single blinded, randomized, controlled study for a period of 4 months...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617566/randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-of-n-acetylcysteine-augmentation-for-treatment-resistant-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#4
Daniel L C Costa, Juliana B Diniz, Guaraci Requena, Marinês A Joaquim, Christopher Pittenger, Michael H Bloch, Euripedes C Miguel, Roseli G Shavitt
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) augmentation with N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a glutamate modulator and antioxidant medication, for treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). METHODS: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 16-week trial of NAC (3,000 mg daily) in adults (aged 18-65 years) with treatment-resistant OCD, established according to DSM-IV criteria. Forty subjects were recruited at an OCD-specialized outpatient clinic at a tertiary hospital (May 2012-October 2014)...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617544/the-relationship-between-quality-of-life-and-clinical-phenotype-in-patients-with-treatment-resistant-and-non-treatment-resistant-depression
#5
J Qiao, L-J Qian, H-F Zhao, G-H Gong, D-Q Geng
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation is to determine the differences in quality of life (QOL) and clinical phenotype between patients with treatment resistant (TRD) and non-treatment resistant depression (NTRD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The severity, QOL, and cognitive function of 107 TRD and 173 NTRD patients were evaluated and calculated by the Hamilton Depression Scale-17 (HAMD-17), the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), and the P300 component of event-related potentials (ERP), respectively...
May 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585222/potential-therapeutic-effects-of-psilocybin
#6
REVIEW
Matthew W Johnson, Roland R Griffiths
Psilocybin and other 5-hydroxytryptamine2A agonist classic psychedelics have been used for centuries as sacraments within indigenous cultures. In the mid-twentieth century they were a focus within psychiatry as both probes of brain function and experimental therapeutics. By the late 1960s and early 1970s these scientific inquires fell out of favor because classic psychedelics were being used outside of medical research and in association with the emerging counter culture. However, in the twenty-first century, scientific interest in classic psychedelics has returned and grown as a result of several promising studies, validating earlier research...
June 5, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580884/specific-and-common-processes-as-mediators-of-the-long-term-effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-integrated-with-motivational-interviewing-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#7
Michael J Constantino, Henny A Westra, Martin M Antony, Alice E Coyne
OBJECTIVE: A trial of psychotherapy for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) demonstrated that motivational interviewing (MI) integrated with cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) outperformed CBT alone on clients' worry reduction across a 12-month follow-up. In the present study, we hypothesized and tested that less client resistance and greater client-perceived therapist empathy (specific foci of MI) would account for MI's additive effect. Exploratory analyses assessed whether the common processes of homework completion and therapeutic alliance quality mediated the treatment effect...
June 5, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566959/metabolic-effects-of-antidepressant-treatment
#8
Özlem Olguner Eker, Saliha Özsoy, Baki Eker, Hatice Doğan
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate body measurements, glucose-insulin metabolism, and lipid profile in patients with anxiety and depressive symptoms and also the effects of antidepressant drugs on these metabolic parameters. METHODS: The study included 40 outpatients and 32 healthy controls. The patients received antidepressant treatment (sertraline, escitalopram, fluoxetine, and venlafaxine) for 8 weeks. Body measurements were performed, and lipid, fasting blood glucose, and insulin levels were measured before and after treatment in patients and once in healthy controls...
March 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558366/antidepressant-induced-hypomania-mania-in-patients-with-major-depression-evidence-from-the-bridge-ii-mix-study
#9
Margherita Barbuti, Isabella Pacchiarotti, Eduard Vieta, Jean-Michel Azorin, Jules Angst, Charles L Bowden, Sergey Mosolov, Allan H Young, Giulio Perugi
BACKGROUND: The issue of antidepressant-induced mood switches to hypomania, mania, or mixed states within the course of mayor depressive disorder (MDD) has been a controversial topic. The present post-hoc analysis of the BRIDGE-II-MIX study focuses on the clinical features of patients with history of antidepressant-induced hypomania/mania (AIHM) in a large international sample of patients with major depressive episode (MDE). METHODS: 2811 subjects with major depression were enrolled in this multicentre cross-sectional study...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541239/psychological-parameters-of-psoriasis
#10
A Kouris, E Platsidaki, C Kouskoukis, C Christodoulou
Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory scaling dermatosis. The marked visible appearance of the lesions have a negative impact on body image that leads to decreased self-esteem, hence seriously compromising the patient's quality of life. The clinical picture critically affects the social well-being of the patient since the disease is commonly misunderstood and feared by the social environment as being contagious. The patient feels stigmatized and this further intensifies their lack of self-confidence and self-esteem...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536511/aripiprazole-facilitates-extinction-of-conditioned-fear-in-adolescent-rats
#11
Despina E Ganella, Liubov Lee-Kardashyan, Sophia J Luikinga, Danny L D Nguyen, Heather B Madsen, Isabel C Zbukvic, Russell Coulthard, Andrew J Lawrence, Jee Hyun Kim
Anxiety disorders are the most common type of mental disorder during adolescence, which is at least partly due to the resistance to extinction exhibited at this age. The dopaminergic system is known to be dysregulated during adolescence; therefore, we aimed to facilitate extinction in adolescent rats using the dopamine receptor 2 partial agonist aripiprazole (Abilify™), and examine the behavioral and neural outcomes. Adolescent rats were conditioned to fear a tone. The next day, rats received extinction 30 min after a systemic injection of either 5 mg/kg aripiprazole or vehicle, and then were tested the following day...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527083/shared-mechanisms-of-epilepsy-migraine-and-affective-disorders
#12
Davide Zarcone, Simona Corbetta
Since the nineteenth century several clinical features have been observed in common between migraine and epilepsy (such as episodic attacks, triggering factors, presence of aura, frequent familiarity), but only in recent years researchers have really engaged in finding a common pathogenic mechanism. From studies of disease incidence, we understand how either migraine among patients with epilepsy or epilepsy among migraine patients are more frequent than in the general population. This association may result from a direct causality, by the same environmental risk factors and/or by a common genetic susceptibility...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494323/stress-regulation-in-drug-resistant-epilepsy
#13
REVIEW
Iliana Kotwas, Aileen McGonigal, Mireille Bastien-Toniazzo, Fabrice Bartolomei, Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi
The prevalence of psychological distress, especially depressive and anxiety disorders, is higher in epilepsy than in other chronic health conditions. These comorbid conditions contribute even more than epileptic seizures themselves to impaired quality of life in patients with epilepsy (PWE). The link between these comorbidities and epilepsy appears to have a neurobiological basis, which is at least partly mediated by stress through psychological and pathophysiological pathways. The impact of stress in PWE is also particularly important because it is the most frequently reported seizure trigger...
June 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485378/phf8-loss-confers-resistance-to-depression-like-and-anxiety-like-behaviors-in-mice
#14
Ryan M Walsh, Erica Y Shen, Rosemary C Bagot, Anthony Anselmo, Yan Jiang, Behnam Javidfar, Gregory J Wojtkiewicz, Jennifer Cloutier, John W Chen, Ruslan Sadreyev, Eric J Nestler, Schahram Akbarian, Konrad Hochedlinger
PHF8 is a histone demethylase with specificity for repressive modifications. While mutations of PHF8 have been associated with cognitive defects and cleft lip/palate, its role in mammalian development and physiology remains unexplored. Here, we have generated a Phf8 knockout allele in mice to examine the consequences of Phf8 loss for development and behaviour. Phf8 deficient mice neither display obvious developmental defects nor signs of cognitive impairment. However, we report a striking resiliency to stress-induced anxiety- and depression-like behaviour on loss of Phf8...
May 9, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483076/the-multiple-diagnoses-of-comorbid-anxiety-disorders-and-higher-interpersonal-sensitivity-predict-treatment-resistant-depression
#15
Taichi Mogi, Aihide Yoshino
BACKGROUND: The present study was conducted to examine the hypothesis based on our previous studies, that the multiple diagnoses of comorbid anxiety disorders (ADs) and higher interpersonal sensitivity predict treatment-resistant depression (TRD). METHODS: The participants were 199 consecutive outpatients with major depressive disorder (MDD), who were comprehensively diagnosed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). TRD was defined as the failure to achieve remission with two or more adequate antidepressant trials...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478693/effects-of-different-physical-therapy-programs-on-perceived-health-status-in-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Irene Torres-Sánchez, Marie Carmen Valenza, Maria Dels Àngels Cebriá I Iranzo, Laura López-López, Ma Paz Moreno-Ramírez, Araceli Ortíz-Rubio
PURPOSE: To evaluate the repercussion of different physical therapy interventions on the perceived health status of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients during acute exacerbation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized controlled trial. Patients were assigned to: control group (standard medical treatment), controlled breathing + range of motion exercises group or Resistance exercises group. Perceived health status was assessed at baseline and discharge using the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) questionnaire...
May 8, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442424/thioredoxin-is-not-a-marker-for-treatment-resistance-depression-but-associated-with-cognitive-function-an-rtms-study
#17
Efruz Pirdogan Aydın, Abdullah Genc, Mihriban Dalkıran, Ece Türkyilmaz Uyar, Ömer Akil Özer, Kayıhan Oğuz Karamustafalıoğlu
Elevated oxidative stress is known to play an important role in development of depression and cognitive dysfunction. To date, thioredoxin (TRX), an antioxidant protein, has been investigated as a marker for psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and autism but its relationship with depression is yet to be unknown. The aim of this study is to detect the TRX levels in patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD), analyse the effect of rTMS (repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation) application on TRX levels and display the relationship of TRX with cognitive areas...
April 22, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441895/ketamine-s-dose-related-effects-on-anxiety-symptoms-in-patients-with-treatment-refractory-anxiety-disorders
#18
Paul Glue, Natalie J Medlicott, Sarah Harland, Shona Neehoff, Bridie Anderson-Fahey, Martin Le Nedelec, Andrew Gray, Neil McNaughton
The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist ketamine has rapid onset activity in treatment-resistant depression, post-traumatic stress disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder. Due to similarities in brain network activity in depression and anxiety disorders, we hypothesized that ketamine might also be active in other refractory anxiety disorders. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of ketamine in 12 patients with refractory generalized anxiety disorder and/or social anxiety disorder who were not currently depressed, using an ascending single dose study design (0...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438948/macrolide-and-quinolone-resistant-mycoplasma-genitalium-in-a-man-with-persistent-urethritis-the-tip-of-the-british-iceberg
#19
Suneeta Soni, Andy Parkhouse, Gillian Dean
There is growing concern worldwide for macrolide resistance in M. genitalium following liberal use of 1 g azithromycin to treat non-gonococcal urethritis and confirmed C. trachomatis infection. Moxifloxacin is the second-line treatment for M. genitalium and still has excellent efficacy against it. However, recent reports indicating that quinolone resistance is more prevalent than previously thought are worrying. Routine testing of symptomatic men and women for M. genitalium is not currently recommended in BASHH guidelines, and attempts to implement such testing have been hampered by a lack of commercially available assays...
April 24, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434623/does-unilateral-insular-resection-disturb-personality-a-study-with-epileptic-patients
#20
Benjamin Hébert-Seropian, Olivier Boucher, Carole Sénéchal, Isabelle Rouleau, Alain Bouthillier, Franco Lepore, Dang Khoa Nguyen
The insula is now regarded as a potential site of epileptogenesis in drug-resistant epilepsy, and the advent of microsurgical techniques has allowed insular cortectomy to become a treatment of choice when the insular cortex is involved in the seizure focus. However, considering the evidence of an insular role in socio-emotional processing, it remains unknown whether these cortical resections disturb personality and social behavior as experienced in daily life. We examined such changes in a group of patients (n=19) who underwent epilepsy surgery involving partial or complete resection of the insula, and compared them to a group of patients who underwent standard temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) surgery (n=19) as a lesion-control group...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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