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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023265/radial-head-resection-and-hemi-interposition-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-multiple-hereditary-exostoses-description-of-a-new-surgical-technique
#1
Mark Flipsen, John S Ham, Arnard L van der Zwan, Konrad Mader
Multiple hereditary exostoses (MHE) are a rare disorder characterized by the growth of bony protrusions. Elbow involvement is found in a considerable number of patients and varies from the presence of a simple osteochondroma to severe forearm deformities and radial head dislocation. Patients encounter a variety of symptoms, for example, pain, functional impairment, and cosmetic concerns. Several types of surgical procedures, therefore, can be offered, ranging from excision of symptomatic osteochondromas to challenging reconstructions...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988397/risk-factors-for-development-of-severe-post-traumatic-elbow-stiffness
#2
Wei Zheng, Jiazhi Liu, Jialin Song, Cunyi Fan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare different grades of elbow stiffness and investigate demographic, injury, and treatment factors potentially associated with the development of severe elbow stiffness. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study involving 169 patients with post-traumatic elbow stiffness between June 2014 and June 2016. Patient demographics, injury, and treatment details were reviewed. Patients were classified into three groups according to the elbow motion...
October 7, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987654/high-resolution-ultrasound-in-etiological-evaluation-of-ulnar-neuropathy-at-the-elbow
#3
Mathieu Schertz, Celine Mutschler, Emmanuel Masmejean, Jonathan Silvera
OBJECTIVE: Ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE) involves mechanical compression and irritation of the ulnar nerve (UN) caused by environmental and dynamic abnormalities that can however also be found in asymptomatic patients. Using high-resolution ultrasound, we aimed to assess and compare the relevance of morphological and dynamic variants of the UN and its surrounding structures (UN abnormalities) in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. METHOD: UN abnormalities in patients with UNE were assessed using high-resolution ultrasound and compared against unaffected arms (patients or healthy volunteers)...
October 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971244/an-uncommon-variant-of-the-essex-lopresti-injury
#4
Mohamed Ali Kedous, Ahmed Msakni, Wael Chebbi, Mourad Zaraa, Mondher Mbarek
The Essex-Lopresti injury is an extremely rare condition combining radial head or neck fracture, distal radio-ulnar joint dislocation and rupture of the interosseous membrane. However, there are rare or unusual varieties or associated injuries. We report a case of a 46-year-old woman with a posterior dislocation of the radio-humeral joint, a radial shaft fracture, and a distal radio-ulnar joint dislocation. She underwent open reduction and internal fixation of the radial shaft fracture followed by an immobilization by a long elbow splint in supination for 6 weeks...
October 2, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969224/neglected-type-i-monteggia-fracture-dislocation-in-adult
#5
Archit Agarwal, Inder Pawar
Neglected Monteggia fracture dislocation is one of the challenging case and it becomes more of a therapeutic dilemma especially in adults. Several surgical techniques are described and in spite of this complication rate following surgery is high. This report concerns with management of three-month-old monteggia fracture dislocation in a 30-year-old male. Patient presented with complete loss of movement at elbow. Patient was managed surgically, with internal fixation of ulna and reduction of radial head with radio-capitellar Kirschner wires...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943070/structural-glenoid-grafting-during-primary-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-using-humeral-head-autograft
#6
Robert Z Tashjian, Erin Granger, Peter N Chalmers
BACKGROUND: Large glenoid bone defects in the setting of glenohumeral arthritis can present a challenge to the shoulder arthroplasty surgeon. The results of large structural autografting at the time of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) are relatively unknown. METHODS: This retrospective case series describes the clinical and radiographic results of large structural autografting from the humeral head to the glenoid during primary RTSA. RESULTS: Of 17 patients who met inclusion criteria, 14 (82% follow-up) were evaluated postoperatively at a mean of 2...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913386/persistent-medial-subluxation-of-the-ulna-with-radiotrochlear-articulation
#7
Amir R Kachooei, David Ring
Two patients-one with a terrible triad fracture dislocation and one with an anterior olecranon fracture dislocation-were treated for maltracking of the elbow (medial subluxation). The radial head articulated with the lateral trochlea while the ulnar trochlear notch was perched over the medial trochlea. The late revision surgery could not correct the subluxation because the joints were accustomed to the new alignment, however the overall function was reasonable.
July 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902761/care-of-water-polo-players
#8
Jennifer D Stromberg
Water polo is a team sport that combines swimming with overhead throwing and wrestling. This places water polo players at risk for a unique group of illnesses and injuries. In addition to the medical problems and injuries seen in competitive swimmers, water polo players are at risk for a variety of traumatic injuries, including concussions, eye injuries, tympanic membrane perforation, fractures, dislocations, and lacerations. Repetitive overhead throwing also places these athletes at risk for related injuries, such as shoulder problems, including rotator cuff strain and impingement, and elbow problems, such as ulnar collateral ligament injuries, posteromedial impingement, and osteochondritis dissecans of the radial capitellum...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886018/minimal-important-change-and-other-measurement-properties-of-the-oxford-elbow-score-and-the-quick-disabilities-of-the-arm-shoulder-and-hand-in-patients-with-a-simple-elbow-dislocation-validation-study-alongside-the-multicenter-funcsie-trial
#9
Gijs I T Iordens, Dennis Den Hartog, Wim E Tuinebreijer, Denise Eygendaal, Niels W L Schep, Michael H J Verhofstad, Esther M M Van Lieshout
STUDY DESIGN: Validation study using data from a multicenter, randomized, clinical trial (RCT). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reliability, validity, responsiveness, and minimal important change (MIC) of the Dutch version of the Oxford Elbow Score (OES) and the Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (Quick-DASH) in patients with a simple elbow dislocation. BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures are increasingly important for assessing outcome following elbow injuries, both in daily practice and in clinical research...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878539/unusual-association-of-elbow-dislocation-with-humeral-biepicondylar-fracture-in-a-child-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Prabhat Agrawal, Saubhik Das, Vikas Gupta, Sumit Arora
Humeral biepicondylar fracture with elbow dislocation is an unusual pattern of injury encountered in paediatric population. We reported a case of humeral biepicondylar fracture-dislocation of elbow in a 11-year-old boy, who presented with tender, swollen, and deformed left elbow following fall on his outstretched hand. Roentgenographic and CT evaluation confirmed the diagnosis, and also showed incarcerated medial epicondylar fragment. Closed reduction was unsuccessful; open reduction and internal fixation was performed with headless screws...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852335/proximal-humerus-fracture-dislocation-with-laceration-of-the-axillary-artery-a-case-report
#11
Steven J Cotman, Thai Q Trinh, Stephen Vincent, Jeffrey R Backes
BACKGROUND: Proximal humerus fractures account for approximately 4-6% of all fractures. While the majority of these fractures are treated non-operatively, the amount of fracture displacement, concomitant injuries, and patient factors often result in the need for surgical stabilization. Although concomitant neurovascular injury in the setting of low-energy trauma is rare, injury to the surrounding neurovascular structures have previously been reported. METHODS: We report a case of a 79-year-old male who sustained a low energy fall resulting in a two-part fracture dislocation of the proximal humerus with an associated brachial plexopathy and axillary artery laceration...
2017: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844682/transfer-of-the-lesser-tuberosity-for-reverse-hill-sachs-lesions-after-neglected-posterior-dislocations-of-the-shoulder-a-retrospective-clinical-study-of-13-cases
#12
Mehmet Demirel, Ali Erşen, Gökhan Karademir, Ata Can Atalar, Mehmet Demirhan
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to present middle-term functional and radiological outcomes of the transfer of the lesser tuberosity in the management of reverse Hill-Sachs lesions following posterior dislocations of the shoulder. PATIENTS AND METHODS: With a diagnosis of neglected posterior shoulder dislocation (8 locked, 5 recurrent), 13 male patients (age range: 28-72; mean age: 39.3 years) who underwent the transfer of the lesser tuberosity due to reverse Hill-Sachs lesions, were retrospectively reviewed based on functional and radiological data...
August 24, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828129/salter-harris-i-fracture-of-the-distal-humerus-in-a-neonate-imaging-appearance-of-radiographs-ultrasound-and-arthrography
#13
Nicholas M Beckmann, Lindsay Crawford
Neonatal Salter-Harris I fractures of the distal humerus are a rare injury. This injury can be easily mistaken for a posterior elbow dislocation, creating a delay in diagnosis. We present a case of a neonate with a distal humerus Salter-Harris I fracture secondary to trauma during delivery. The patient presented with pseudoparesis of the left arm following birth. Posterior displacement of the elbow was identified on radiographs. Ultrasound of the elbow was performed after a gentle closed reduction of the left elbow was unsuccessful...
September 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822633/arthroscopic-latarjet-procedure-with-anterior-capsular-reconstruction-clinical-outcome-and-radiologic-evaluation-with-a-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#14
Yi-Ming Zhu, Chunyan Jiang, Guanyang Song, Yi Lu, Fenglong Li
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of the modified arthroscopic Latarjet procedure at a minimum of 2 years after surgery. METHODS: Patients who had traumatic unidirectional anterior shoulder instability and treated with a modified arthroscopic Latarjet procedure were included. During surgery, the anterior capsule was preserved and repaired back to the glenoid after the coracoid transfer. The clinical results (range of motion, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons [ASES] score, Constant-Murley score, and Rowe score) and computed tomographic results were followed...
August 16, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770510/the-posterior-bundle-of-the-elbow-medial-collateral-ligament-biomechanical-study-and-proposal-for-a-new-reconstruction-surgical-technique
#15
A Sard, E Dutto, R Rotini, S Vanni, S Pastorelli, B Battiston
BACKGROUND: The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is one of the primary elbows stabilizers. It is composed of an anterior bundle (AB), a posterior bundle (PB) and a transverse bundle. In elbow dislocations, until today MCL reconstruction has addressed the AB only. The purpose of this paper is to understand the biomechanical role of the PB of the MCL and to propose a new surgical technique for the simultaneous reconstruction of the anterior and posterior bundles, preventing the risk of recurrent posterior dislocation or posteromedial rotational instability (PMRI)...
August 2, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763414/capitellar-fractures-in-children-and-adolescents-classification-and-early-results-of-treatment
#16
Praveen G Murthy, Carley Vuillermin, Manahil N Naqvi, Peter M Waters, Donald S Bae
BACKGROUND: There has been limited published information regarding capitellar fractures in the pediatric population. The purpose of this investigation was to characterize capitellar fracture patterns in children and adolescents and to assess early clinical and radiographic treatment outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 37 children and adolescents with capitellar fractures presenting to a tertiary pediatric hospital from 2004 to 2014 was performed. The mean patient age at the time of injury was 11...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753234/manipulative-interventions-for-reducing-pulled-elbow-in-young-children
#17
REVIEW
Marjolein Krul, Johannes C van der Wouden, Emma J Kruithof, Lisette Wa van Suijlekom-Smit, Bart W Koes
BACKGROUND: Pulled elbow (nursemaid's elbow) is a common injury in young children. It often results from a sudden pull on the arm, usually by an adult or taller person, which pulls the radius through the annular ligament, resulting in subluxation (partial dislocation) of the radial head. It can also be caused by a fall or twist. The child experiences sudden acute pain and loss of function in the affected arm. Pulled elbow is usually treated by manual reduction of the subluxed radial head...
July 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739299/surgical-treatment-of-acute-type-v-acromioclavicular-joint-dislocations-in-professional-athletes-an-anatomic-ligament-reconstruction-with-synthetic-implant-augmentation
#18
Ioannis K Triantafyllopoulos, Kalliopi Lampropoulou-Adamidou, Nikitas P Schizas, Eleftherios V Karadimas
BACKGROUND: Most acromioclavicular (AC) joint injuries occur in men in their third decade of life during high-speed or high-impact body contact sports. The management of acute complete AC joint dislocation is surgical. Current surgical techniques include anatomic reconstruction of the main restraints of the AC joint and aim to improve functional outcomes and to reduce the complication rate. METHODS: We present 10 cases of acute type V AC joint dislocation in professional athletes treated surgically with anatomic reconstruction of the coracoclavicular and AC ligaments and augmentation with the use of a synthetic polyester tape...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728303/-enhancing-soft-tissue-reattachment-with-artificial-mesh-in-joint-endoprosthetic-reconstruction-for-bone-tumors
#19
J S Lin, R Chen, W Yan, D D Chen
Objective: To investigate the operative method and clinical application of the BARD(®) Mesh in enhancing joint stability and function of endoprosthetic reconstruction for bone tumors. Methods: From Jan 2013 to Jun 2015, the clinical data of 51 patients aged (44.75±23.18) years underwent wide resection of tumor and endoprosthetic reconstruction using the BARD(®) Mesh were collected. Among them, 27 were male and 24 were female. The surgical treatments received by these patients included 5 shoulder arthroplasties, 12 elbow replacements, 12 hip replacements and 32 knee replacements (including 24 femoral tumors and 8 tibial tumors)...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684231/mid-term-to-long-term-outcome-of-the-open-bankart-repair-for-recurrent-traumatic-anterior-dislocation-of-the-shoulder
#20
Robert J Neviaser, Michael T Benke, Andrew S Neviaser
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term outcome of the open Bankart repair for traumatic, recurrent anterior dislocation of the shoulder by evaluation of recurrence, range of motion, return to sports, arthritis, patient satisfaction, and outcome measures. METHODS: Of 162 patients, 127 patients (mean age, 31 years) were evaluated at a mean follow-up of 17.1 years (5-24) after undergoing an open Bankart repair using suture anchors. An independent orthopedic surgeon obtained a history and examined each for range of motion...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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