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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642666/shoulder-disorders-in-an-outpatient-clinic-an-epidemiological-study
#1
Eduardo Angeli Malavolta, Mauro Emilio Conforto Gracitelli, Jorge Henrique Assunção, Gustavo de Mello Ribeiro Pinto, Arthur Zorzi Freire da Silveira, Arnaldo Amado Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To describe shoulder disorders in patients evaluated by two shoulder and elbow surgeons. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed patients evaluated by two authors, excluding acute fractures and dislocations and patients with symptoms not involving the shoulder. Age and sex distribution was determined for the different diagnoses. RESULTS: We evaluated 1001 patients. Mean age was 51.43±15.15 years and 51.0% were female. Disorders of the rotator cuff occurred in 64...
May 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630850/anterior-dislocation-of-elbow-with-neurovascular-injury-a-rare-case-report
#2
S Kailash, S Shanmuganathan
INTRODUCTION: Anterior elbow dislocation is an infrequent lesion, produced by direct trauma to the proximal ulna after a fall on the elbow in flexion and injury to the neurovascular bundle is not infrequent. Authors report a case of acute anterior dislocation of the elbow joint with neurovascular injury. CASE REPORT: A 30-year-old male admitted with a history of accidental fall followed by pain, swelling over his left elbow. Clinical, radiological, Doppler investigations revealed anterior dislocation of the elbow with brachial artery injury with posterior interosseous nerve palsy without any bony injury...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614146/the-effect-of-concomitant-elbow-injuries-on-the-outcomes-of-radial-head-arthroplasty-a-cohort-comparison
#3
Jason A Strelzow, George S Athwal, Joy C MacDermid, Ruby Grewal, Kenneth J Faber, Darren Drosdowech, Graham J W King
OBJECTIVES: To compare physical impairments and patient reported outcomes in patients following simple and complex elbow injuries who were treated with a radial head arthroplasty. DESIGN: Patients with isolated elbow trauma and no prior injury to the elbow were prospectively enrolled following radial head arthroplasty for an acute unreconstructable fracture. Injury patterns were classified as simple or complex based on the presence or absence of associated elbow fractures and/or dislocation...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588660/simple-elbow-dislocation
#4
REVIEW
Paul M Robinson, Emmet Griffiths, Adam C Watts
The elbow is the second most commonly dislocated major joint in adults. Good long-term outcomes have been reported after non-operative management; however, a small proportion (<10%) of patients have a poor outcome and some do require surgical intervention. A review of the anatomy, pathoanatomy, management and outcomes of simple elbow dislocations is presented. Emphasis is placed on emerging concepts regarding the soft tissue injury, the stabilising structures that are injured, the sequence and mechanism of injury and the relationship to elbow stability...
July 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567154/angulating-distraction-ulnar-osteotomy-and-interpositional-phosphocalcic-ceramic-wedge-graft-for-a-chronic-monteggia-lesion
#5
Jagadish Prabhu, Mohammed K Faqi, Fahad Al Khalifa, Rashad K Awad
BACKGROUND: Various types of osteotomies have been used to facilitate reduction of the radial head and to prevent recurrent subluxation. The Bouyala technique - open reduction of radial head associated with open wedge ulnar osteotomy with or without annular ligament reconstruction, is presently the most widely used treatment for long- standing traumatic dislocation of the radial head, independently of age, in the absence of osteoarthritis remodeling, and should preferably be performed within 1 year of trauma...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553446/brachial-artery-injury-in-a-child-following-closed-elbow-dislocation-case-report-of-a-rare-injury
#6
K Vickash, A Amer, A Naeem, S Falak
Elbow dislocation, though a common orthopaedic emergency is rare with brachial artery injury and is even more uncommon in the paediatric age group. We present the case of a child who sustained trauma resulting in closed elbow dislocation with brachial artery injury. Elbow dislocation with brachial artery injury can present with palpable distal pulses and good capillary refill because of rich collaterals at the elbow. But this patient presented with signs of frank ischemia distally, and was managed with ipsilateral reverse cephalic vein graft...
November 2016: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549892/radial-head-arthroplasty-in-the-active-duty-military-service-member-with-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#7
John C Dunn, Nicholas A Kusnezov, Logan R Koehler, Emmanuel D Eisenstein, Kelly G Kilcoyne, Justin D Orr, Justin S Mitchell
PURPOSE: Radial head arthroplasty (RHA) is a viable treatment for complex radial head fracture. Whereas elbow stability and function is typically restored at short- to mid-term follow-up, the outcome in higher-demand populations is not well defined. We sought to characterize the functional and occupational outcomes following RHA in an active duty military population with intense upper extremity demands. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of all U.S...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540998/impact-of-open-reduction-on-surgical-strategies-for-missed-monteggia-fracture-in-children
#8
Hoon Park, Kwang Won Park, Kun Bo Park, Hyun Woo Kim, Nam Kyu Eom, Dong Hoon Lee
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to review our cases of missed Monteggia fracture treated by open reduction of the radial head with or without ulnar osteotomy and to investigate the indications for open reduction alone in surgical treatment of missed Monteggia fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 22 patients who presented with missed Monteggia fracture. The patients' mean age at the time of surgery was 7.6 years. The mean interval from injury to surgery was 16...
July 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484849/radial-nerve-injury-following-elbow-external-fixator-report-of-three-cases-and-literature-review
#9
Luis Trigo, Juan Sarasquete, Laura Noguera, Ignacio Proubasta, Claudia Lamas
INTRODUCTION: Radial nerve palsy is a rare but serious complication following elbow external fixation. Only 11 cases have been reported in the literature to date, but the incidence may be underreported. We present three new cases of this complication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the three cases of radial palsy seen in our center following the application of an external fixator as treatment for complex elbow injuries. RESULTS: Mean patient age at surgery was 50 years...
May 8, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483432/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-os-acromiale
#10
William R Aibinder, Bradley S Schoch, Robert H Cofield, John W Sperling, Joaquin Sánchez-Sotelo
BACKGROUND: Os acromiale has been reported in up to 15% of the general population. Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) increases deltoid tension, which could potentially lead to excessive stress on a pre-existent os acromiale. The purpose of this study was to determine the outcome and complications of primary RTSA in patients with radiographic evidence of an os acromiale. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2013, 25 shoulders underwent primary RTSA with an associated os acromiale, which was classified preacromion (3), mesoacromion (20), and meta-acromion (2)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478899/extensive-soft-tissue-lesions-in-redislocated-after-simple-elbow-dislocations
#11
Lars E Adolfsson, Jens O Nestorson, Johan H Scheer
BACKGROUND: The majority of simple elbow dislocations (no associated fractures) can be treated nonoperatively with a short period of immobilization followed by guided aftercare. This case series describes the soft tissue injuries in a rare subset of patients in whom the elbow redislocated despite adequate immobilization. METHODS: During a 6-year period, 8 patients were identified. They were all treated with reduction and casting in 90° of flexion or more. At 1 week of follow-up, redislocation had occurred in all patients and open soft tissue repair was performed...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464753/a-radial-head-prosthesis-appears-to-be-unnecessary-in-mason-iv-fracture-dislocation
#12
Jens Nestorson, Per-Olof Josefsson, Lars Adolfsson
Background and purpose - Previous reports on elbow injuries with concomitant comminute radial head fracture are difficult to interpret, since they include an array of different soft-tissue and bony injuries around the elbow. We focused on Mason-IV fracture dislocations of the elbow and retrospectively reviewed 2 treatment options: radial head resection or replacement with a radial head arthroplasty, both in combination with lateral ligament repair. Patients and methods - In Linköping, 18 consecutive patients with Mason-IV fracture dislocation and with a median age of 56 (19-79) years were treated with a radial head arthroplasty...
June 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461924/lateral-collateral-ligament-injuries-of-the-elbow-chronic-posterolateral-rotatory-instability-plri
#13
REVIEW
Megan Conti Mica, Pieter Caekebeke, Roger van Riet
Chronic posterolateral rotatory instability (PLRI) is the most common form of chronic elbow instability.PLRI usually occurs from a fall on the outstretched hand. On impact, the radial head and ulna rotate externally coupled with valgus displacement of the forearm. This leads to posterior displacement of the radial head relative to the capitellum, thus causing disruption of some or all of the lateral-sided stabilisers.PLRI is mainly a clinical diagnosis with a history of instability, clicking and lateral-sided pain, with a positive clinical examination including the pivot-shift test, push-up, chair and tabletop test...
December 2016: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453354/heterotopic-ossification-after-the-arthroscopic-treatment-of-lateral-epicondylitis
#14
Mihir J Desai, Hari Ramalingam, David S Ruch
BACKGROUND: Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a well-known complication following the surgical treatment of fractures and dislocations about the elbow but it is not commonly discussed as a complication following arthroscopy. We present a case of a young athlete who developed HO after the arthroscopic treatment of lateral epicondylitis. METHODS: This is a case report chart review of a 24 year old male with lateral epicondylitis. After failing conservative measures, arthroscopic debridement of the extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) origin ensued...
May 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451607/outcomes-after-arthroscopic-bankart-repair-in-adolescent-athletes-participating-in-collision-and-contact-sports
#15
Michael G Saper, Charles Milchteim, Robert L Zondervan, James R Andrews, Roger V Ostrander
BACKGROUND: Literature on arthroscopic stabilization in adolescent patients participating in collision and contact sports is limited, as most studies include adolescents within a larger sample group comprised primarily of adults. PURPOSE: To review the outcomes of arthroscopic Bankart repair for anterior shoulder instability in an adolescent population participating in collision and contact sports. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
March 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441281/incarcerated-medial-epicondyle-fractures-with-elbow-dislocation-risk-factors-associated-with-morbidity
#16
Carley Vuillermin, Kyna S Donohue, Patricia Miller, Andrea S Bauer, Dennis E Kramer, Yi-Meng Yen
BACKGROUND: Incarcerated medial epicondyle fractures in association with elbow trauma are rare and an absolute indication for intervention. Because of the infrequent nature, outcomes following this injury are not well documented. We studied a large cohort of these injuries to determine factors associated with functional outcomes. It was hypothesized that a greater duration between initial presentation and time of surgery would lead to poorer outcomes. METHODS: A total of 32 patients aged 18 and under who underwent surgical treatment for an incarcerated medical epicondyle fracture at a level-1 pediatric trauma center from 2003 to 2015 were identified...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435584/intra-articular-entrapment-of-medial-epicondyle-fracture-fragment-in-elbow-joint-dislocation-causing-ulnar-neuropraxia-a-case-report
#17
J Syed, A R Zamri, S Jamaluddin, J K Ruben, M Gopindran
Traumatic elbow dislocations in children are rare but most of them are complex dislocations, and in such dislocations, medial humerus epicondyle fractureis the most common associated injury. Fracture incarceration in the elbow joint occurs in 5-18% of medial humerus epicondyle fractures but ulnar neuropraxia is very rare. Open reduction internal fixation is indicated in medial humerus epicondyle fracture with fracture incarceration, ulnar neuropraxia, marked instability or open fracture. Operative treatment options include fragment excision and sutures, closed or open reduction and Kirschner wire fixation, open reduction and suture fixation, open reduction and smooth pin fixation, and open reduction and screw fixation...
March 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435583/ulnar-osteotomy-with-2-pin-unilateral-gradual-distraction-for-treatment-of-chronic-monteggia-fracture-a-case-report
#18
S G Gooi, C S Wang, A Saw, O Zulkiflee
Missed Monteggia fracture leading to chronic radial head dislocation is a known complication. The surgical treatment options remain challenging. The aim of treatment is to reduce the radial head and to maintain the stability of the elbow in all ranges of motion. A few surgical techniques have been described with complications. We report the case of a 13 years old boy with chronic radial head dislocation as a result of an unrecognised Monteggia fracture-dislocation for eight years. We successfully reduced the radial head and corrected the cubital valgus from 45 degrees to 10 degrees with a proximal ulna osteotomy and gradual distraction with 2-pin Monotube external fixator...
March 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427871/arthroscopic-assisted-coracoclavicular-ligament-reconstruction-for-acute-acromioclavicular-dislocation-using-2-clavicular-and-1-coracoid-cortical-fixation-buttons-with-suture-tapes
#19
Sang-Jin Shin, Yoon Sang Jeon, Rag Gyu Kim
PURPOSE: To introduce an arthroscopically assisted coracoclavicular (CC) fixation technique using a cortical fixation button device and to evaluate the clinical and radiologic outcomes in patients with acute acromioclavicular (AC) dislocation who were treated with the technique. METHODS: Twenty-one consecutive patients with grade III and V acute AC dislocation who underwent arthroscopically assisted CC ligament reconstruction using a cortical fixation button device were prospectively enrolled...
April 17, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412106/radial-notch-labralization-for-proximal-radioulnar-joint-dysplasia
#20
Enrico Bellato, Shawn W O'Driscoll
BACKGROUND: Chronic posterior subluxation or dislocation of the radial head is uncommon and difficult to treat. To restore radiocapitellar alignment, procedures such as deepening of the notch using a high-speed burr have been described, but they can result in cartilage damage. We hypothesized that a radial notch labralization using soft tissue could improve radiocapitellar tracking without violating the joint surface. METHODS: A radial notch labralization was performed in 3 patients with chronic posterior subluxation of the radial head and developmental dysplasia of the radial notch in the setting of complex recurrent instability of the elbow...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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