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urinary tract infections guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933759/lactic-acid-bacteria-and-their-bacteriocins-classification-biosynthesis-and-applications-against-uropathogens-a-mini-review
#1
REVIEW
Mduduzi Paul Mokoena
Several lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolates from the Lactobacillus genera have been applied in food preservation, partly due to their antimicrobial properties. Their application in the control of human pathogens holds promise provided appropriate strains are scientifically chosen and a suitable mode of delivery is utilized. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a global problem, affecting mainly diabetic patients and women. Many uropathogens are developing resistance to commonly used antibiotics. There is a need for more research on the ability of LAB to inhibit uropathogens, with a view to apply them in clinical settings, while adhering to strict selection guidelines in the choice of candidate LAB...
July 26, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923302/jaid-jsc-guidelines-for-clinical-management-of-infectious-disease-2015%C3%A2-urinary-tract-infection-male-genital-infection
#2
Shingo Yamamoto, Kiyohito Ishikawa, Hiroshi Hayami, Tadahiro Nakamura, Isao Miyairi, Tadashi Hoshino, Masafumi Hasui, Kazushi Tanaka, Hiroshi Kiyota, Soichi Arakawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919603/current-trends-of-using-antimicrobials-at-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-department-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#3
M M Islam, S K Saha, S Saha, U A Wahid, R R Gomes, K S Ahmed, A N Naushad, S E Suchi, C Saha, D Mondal
This cross-sectional descriptive study was done to analyse the current trends of using antimicrobials in various surgical procedures at Obstetrics and Gynaecology department in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh from July 2014 to June 2015. Among 300 postoperative obstetrics and gynaecological surgery cases, samples were selected as non-random purposive selection method where pattern of using antimicrobials were analysed by SPSS method 20.1 versions. The incidence of antimicrobial resistance is on continued rise with a threat to return to the pre-antibiotic era...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918954/contemporary-management-of-vesicoureteral-reflux
#4
REVIEW
Perviz Hajiyev, Berk Burgu
CONTEXT: Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) remains the most interesting topic of pediatric urology due to the dynamic nature of recent controversial publications. Starting from the need for a diagnosis to the necessity and effectiveness of treatment in preventing scars, VUR remains in the mist. Although recent strong evidence helped as fog lights in this blurriness, more data are required for achieving crystal clearance. This article aims to summarize and discuss the current state of the evidence regarding VUR management...
September 11, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916971/emergency-room-visits-and-readmissions-following-implementation-of-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-ieras-program
#5
Trevor Wood, Mary-Anne Aarts, Allan Okrainec, Emily Pearsall, J Charles Victor, Marg McKenzie, Ori Rotstein, Robin S McLeod
BACKGROUND: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) guidelines have been widely promoted and supported largely due to several studies showing decreased post-operative complications and length of stay. The objective of this study was to review the emergency room (ER) visits and readmission rates and reasons for both in patients who were part of the Implementation of an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (iERAS) program for colorectal surgery. METHODS: All patients having elective colorectal surgery at 15 academic hospitals were enrolled in the iERAS program...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894499/the-assessment-and-management-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-adults-guidelines-for-pharmacists
#6
Nathan P Beahm, Lindsay E Nicolle, Alistair Bursey, Daniel J Smyth, Ross T Tsuyuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888814/primary-and-secondary-enuresis-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#7
REVIEW
Bernhard Haid, Serdar Tekgül
CONTEXT: Enuresis is a common and possibly underestimated condition. While 5-10% of school-aged children suffer from the condition, a lack of background knowledge may impede timely child-adapted and successful therapy. OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive overview of the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of enuresis. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Guideline and position papers from the European Society of Pediatric Urology, the European Association of Urology, and the International Children's Continence Society were acquired...
September 6, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886751/uva-ursi-extract-and-ibuprofen-as-alternative-treatments-of-adult-female-urinary-tract-infection-atafuti-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Jeanne Trill, Catherine Simpson, Frances Webley, Mike Radford, Louise Stanton, Tom Maishman, Angeliki Galanopoulou, Andrew Flower, Caroline Eyles, Merlin Willcox, Alastair Hay, Gareth Griffiths, Paul Little, George Lewith, Michael Moore
BACKGROUND: Women with acute uncomplicated urine infection are usually treated with antibiotics. One trial has demonstrated that delayed antibiotic treatment offered without symptom relief results in a modest reduction in antibiotic use. There is some evidence that ibuprofen provides symptom relief and reduces antibiotic use. Uva-ursi, a herbal product, has a traditional use for urinary infection symptom relief. We set out to test: in adult women with suspected UTI who accept the delayed prescription strategy: Do NSAIDs or uva-ursi (a herbal product) provide relief from urinary symptoms and reduce antibiotic use...
September 8, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866466/impact-of-clinical-guidelines-on-voiding-cystourethrogram-utilization-and-vesicoureteral-reflux-incidence
#9
Ted Lee, Chandy Ellimoottil, Kathryn A Marchetti, Tanima Banerjee, Vesna Ivančić, Kate H Kraft, David A Bloom, John M Park, Julian Wan
BACKGROUND: To prevent overdiagnosis and overtreatment of vesicoureteral reflux, the 2007 British National Institution of Clinical Excellence (NICE) and 2011 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guidelines both recommended against routine voiding cystourethrogram in children presenting with first febrile urinary tract infections. The impact of these guidelines on clinical practice is unknown. METHODS: Using an administrative claims database (Cliniformatics(TM) Data Mart), children with voiding cystourethrogram or diagnosis of vesicoureteral reflux between 2001 and 2015 were identified...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864339/preoperative-antibiotics-prior-to-bladder-biopsy-are-they-necessary
#10
Michael J Lipsky, Christopher Sayegh, Marissa C Theofanides, Mitchell C Benson, Kimberly L Cooper
Objectives To compare postoperative infectious outcomes of bladder biopsies performed in the office without antibiotic prophylaxis versus those done with preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis in the operating room. Methods Our IRB-approved database was retrospectively reviewed for patients who underwent bladder biopsy in the office or in the operating room (OR) between 7/2014 and 8/2015. All patients with bladder biopsies performed in the OR and none in the office received preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis...
August 29, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859254/what-impact-does-nursing-care-left-undone-have-on-patient-outcomes-review-of-the-literature
#11
Alejandra Recio-Saucedo, Chiara Dall'Ora, Antonello Maruotti, Jane Ball, Jim Briggs, Paul Meredith, Oliver C Redfern, Caroline Kovacs, David Prytherch, Gary B Smith, Peter Griffiths
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Systematic review of the impact of missed nursing care on outcomes in adults, on acute hospital wards and in nursing homes. BACKGROUND: A considerable body of evidence support the hypothesis that lower levels of registered nurses on duty increases the likelihood of patients dying on hospital wards, and the risk of many aspects of care being either delayed or left undone (missed). However, the direct consequence of missed care remains unclear...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825574/-etiology-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-uncomplicated-urinary-tract-infections
#12
Guillermo Bertoni, Pedro Pessacq, María Graciela Guerrini, Aníbal Calmaggi, Fernanda Barberis, Laura Jorge, Pablo Bonvehi, Elena Temporiti, Fabián Herrera, Mora Obed, Belén Alcorta, Juan Farías, Analía Mykietiuk
Uncomplicated urinary tract infections rank among the most frequent bacterial infections in women in the outpatient setting and represent a major cause of antimicrobial prescription. The aims of this study were to assess frequencies and antimicrobial resistance of current uropathogens causing uncomplicated urinary tract infection. In a prospective multicenter study, patients were recruited in ambulatory settings of four participating hospitals between June 2011 and December 2013. We analyzed 138 patients that met clinical and bacteriological diagnostic criteria...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792195/can-hydrophilic-coated-catheters-be-beneficial-for-the-public-healthcare-system-in-brazil-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injuries
#13
José Carlos Truzzi, Vanessa Teich, Camila Pepe
INTRODUCTION: Detrusor sphincter dyssynergia affects 70% to 80% of all spinal cord injury patients, resulting in increased risk of urinary tract infections (UTIs) and potential exposure to antimicrobial resistance. In Brazil, local guidelines recommend intermittent catheterization as the best method for bladder emptying, and two catheter types are available: the conventional uncoated PVC and the hydrophilic coated catheters. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of two types of catheters for intermittent catheterization from the perspective of the Brazilian public healthcare system...
August 8, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764160/revisiting-nitrofurantoin-for-vancomycin-resistant-enterococci
#14
Suneeta Meena, Sarita Mohapatra, Seema Sood, Benu Dhawan, Bimal Ku Das, Arti Kapil
INTRODUCTION: Enterococcal infection has emerged as a major therapeutic challenge. Emergence of High Level Aminoglycoside Resistance (HLAR) and Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus (VRE) has further limited the drug therapy in enterococcal infections. However, nitrofuratoin being an old drug reported to have less resistance in comparison to the other classes of antimicrobial agents. AIM: To detect susceptibility of nitrofurantoin against VRE isolates from Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) of outdoor and indoor patient departments...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758790/the-accuracy-of-the-sysmex-uf-1000i-in-urine-bacterial-detection-compared-with-the-standard-urine-analysis-and-culture
#15
Patrick Erdman, Brian Anderson, J Christopher Zacko, Kirk Taylor, Keri Donaldson
CONTEXT: - Urinary tract infections are characterized by the presence of microbial pathogens within the urinary tract. They represent one of the most common infections in hospitalized and clinic patients. OBJECTIVES: - To model the parameters of the Sysmex UF-1000i to the gold standard, urine culture, and to compare the detection of dipstick leukocyte esterase and nitrates to urine cultures and UF-1000i results. DESIGN: - Data were compared from urine samples collected in sterile containers for bacterial culture and microscopic analysis...
July 31, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754533/benefits-and-harms-of-treatment-of-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-by-the-european-association-of-urology-urological-infection-guidelines-panel
#16
Bela Köves, Tommaso Cai, Rajan Veeratterapillay, Robert Pickard, Thomas Seisen, Thomas B Lam, Cathy Yuhong Yuan, Franck Bruyere, Florian Wagenlehner, Riccardo Bartoletti, Suzanne E Geerlings, Adrian Pilatz, Benjamin Pradere, Fabian Hofmann, Gernot Bonkat, Björn Wullt
People with asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) are often unnecessarily treated with antibiotics risking adverse effects and antimicrobial resistance. We performed a systematic review to determine any benefits and harms of treating ABU in particular patient groups. Relevant databases were searched and eligible trials were assessed for risk-of-bias and Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Education quality. Where possible, a meta-analysis of extracted data was performed or a narrative synthesis of the evidence was presented...
July 25, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751488/guideline-recommendations-and-antimicrobial-resistance-the-need-for-a-change
#17
Christelle Elias, Lorenzo Moja, Dominik Mertz, Mark Loeb, Gilles Forte, Nicola Magrini
OBJECTIVES: Antimicrobial resistance has become a global burden for which inappropriate antimicrobial use is an important contributing factor. Any decisions on the selection of antibiotics use should consider their effects on antimicrobial resistance. The objective of this study was to assess the extent to which antibiotic prescribing guidelines have considered resistance patterns when making recommendations for five highly prevalent infectious syndromes. DESIGN: We used Medline searches complemented with extensive use of Web engine to identify guidelines on empirical treatment of community-acquired pneumonia, urinary tract infections, acute otitis media, rhinosinusitis and pharyngitis...
July 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750921/the-methodology-of-surveillance-for-antimicrobial-resistance-and-healthcare-associated-infections-in-europe-suspire-a-systematic-review-of-publicly-available-information
#18
REVIEW
María Núñez-Núñez, María Dolores Navarro, Virginia Palomo, Nithya Babu Rajendran, María Dolores Del Toro, Andreas Voss, Mike Sharland, Frangiscos Sifakis, Evelina Tacconelli, Jesús Rodríguez-Baño
OBJECTIVES: Surveillance is a key component of any control strategy for health-care associated infections (HAIs) and antimicrobial resistance (AMR), and public availability of methodological aspects is crucial for the interpretation of the data. We sought to systematically review publicly available information for HAIs and/or AMR surveillance systems organised by public institutions or scientific societies in European countries. METHODS: A systematic review of scientific and grey literature following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines was performed...
July 24, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737866/algorithms-imaging-tests-comparison-following-the-first-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-in-children
#19
María M Tombesi, Laura F Alconcher, Lucas Lucarelli, Agustina Ciccioli
OBJETIVES: To compare the diagnostic sensitivity, costs and radiation doses of imaging tests algorithms developed by the Argentine Society of Pediatrics in 2003 and 2015, against British and American guidelines after the first febrile urinary tract infection (UTI). POPULATION AND METHODS: Inclusion criteria: children ≤ 2 years old with their first febrile UTI and normal ultrasound, voiding cystourethrography and dimercaptosuccinic acid scintigraphy, according to the algorithm established by the Argentine Society of Pediatrics in 2003, treated between 2003 and 2010...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729240/empiric-antibiotic-use-and-susceptibility-in-infants-with-bacterial-infections-a-multicenter-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Elana A Feldman, Russell J McCulloh, Angela L Myers, Paul L Aronson, Mark I Neuman, Miranda C Bradford, Elizabeth R Alpern, Frances Balamuth, Mercedes M Blackstone, Whitney L Browning, Katie Hayes, Rosalynne Korman, Rianna C Leazer, Lise E Nigrovic, Richard Marble, Emily Roben, Derek J Williams, Joel S Tieder
OBJECTIVES: To assess hospital differences in empirical antibiotic use, bacterial epidemiology, and antimicrobial susceptibility for common antibiotic regimens among young infants with urinary tract infection (UTI), bacteremia, or bacterial meningitis. METHODS: We reviewed medical records from infants <90 days old presenting to 8 US children's hospitals with UTI, bacteremia, or meningitis. We used the Pediatric Health Information System database to identify cases and empirical antibiotic use and medical record review to determine infection, pathogen, and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns...
July 20, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
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