keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

urinary tract infections guidelines

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628930/-rational-use-of-antibiotics-data-form-a-survey-from-2014-within-the-mrdo-network-compared-to-nationwide-data-from-2009
#1
Luba Lendowski, Peter Walger, Christoph Hoeser, Martin Exner, Claudia Roesing, Steffen Engelhart
Introduction To combat multi-resistant gram-negative bacteria as the cause of life-threatening infections, antibiotic stewardship activities are of great importance. Objective To detect weaknesses when prescribing antibiotics in hospitals and compare the situation between 2009 and 2014. Methods In 2014, a questionnaire was sent to all 380 physicians employed in 7 hospitals. Primary, secondary and tertiary care hospitals were included. Investigated were: demographic data, position, certified specialization, presence of antibiotic prescription rules and behavior to follow them...
June 19, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625700/the-effectiveness-of-sterilization-for-flexible-ureteroscopes-a-real-world-study
#2
Cori L Ofstead, Otis L Heymann, Mariah R Quick, Ellen A Johnson, John E Eiland, Harry P Wetzler
BACKGROUND: There are no guidelines or quality benchmarks specific to ureteroscope reprocessing, and patient injuries and infections have been linked to ureteroscopes. This prospective study evaluated ureteroscope reprocessing effectiveness. METHODS: Reprocessing practices at 2 institutions were assessed. Microbial cultures, biochemical tests, and visual inspections were conducted on sterilized ureteroscopes. RESULTS: Researchers examined 16 ureteroscopes after manual cleaning and sterilization using hydrogen peroxide gas...
May 4, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624753/treatment-of-asymptomatic-uti-in-older-delirious-medical-in-patients-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Monidipa Dasgupta, Chris Brymer, Sameer Elsayed
BACKGROUND: Despite clinical practice guidelines, asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) in older people is frequently treated. A common reason for treating ASB is a change in mental status. OBJECTIVE: To determine how often asymptomatic UTI is treated in older medically ill delirious individuals and its association with functional recovery. METHODS: Consecutive older medical in-patients were screened for delirium, and followed in hospital. Treatment for asymptomatic UTI was defined as documented treatment for a possible urinary tract infection with antibiotics, without concurrent infectious or urinary symptoms...
May 31, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618755/isolation-rates-and-antibiotic-susceptibilities-of-different-enterobacteriaceae-species-as-urinary-tract-infection-agents-in-turkey-a-systematic-review
#4
Caner Yürüyen, Yeşim Gürol, Sabire Ferda Kaleağasioğlu, Elif Çiğdem Kaspar, Gülden Yilmaz
BACKGROUND/AIM: In Turkey, few systematic reviews have analyzed the results of studies on the isolation rates of urinary tract infection agents and their antibiotic susceptibilities. This review was done to fill this gap and enable the correct application of guideline-based medical therapy by determining the isolation rates and antibiotic susceptibilities of different Enterobacteriaceae species in Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Relevant studies found from various databases with the help of previously specified search strategies were examined and eliminated according to eligibility criteria...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616818/fosfomycin-for-the-treatment-of-drug-resistant-urinary-tract-infections-potential-of-an-old-drug-not-explored-fully
#5
Vrushali Patwardhan, Sarman Singh
INTRODUCTION: Increased emergence of bacterial resistance and the limited options of novel antimicrobial agents have necessitated the reintroduction of some old antimicrobial agents. One such drug is fosfomycin, but its potential has not been explored fully, especially in India. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To analyze the in vitro activity of fosfomycin, against the urinary isolates and to compare it with in vitro activity of other orally administered antimicrobial agents...
June 14, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612707/genetic-characteristic-of-class-1-integrons-in-proteus-mirabilis-isolates-from-urine-samples
#6
Chih-Ming Chen, Chih-Ho Lai, Hwa-Jene Wu, Lii-Tzu Wu
BACKGROUND: Proteus mirabilis is an opportunistic pathogen, commonly associated with complicated urinary tract infections (UTIs). UTIs caused by multidrug-resistant Proteus mirabilis have increased worldwide. Multidrug-resistance of Gram-negative enteric bacteria is usually associated with class 1 integrons. PURPOSES: To investigate the prevalence and characterize gene cassettes of class 1 integrons in multidrug-resistant P. mirabilis Methods: From 2006 to 2008, 314 P...
June 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606664/diagnostic-strategies-for-urinary-tract-infections-in-french-general-practice
#7
S Kinouani, H de Lary de Latour, J-P Joseph, L Letrilliart
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to describe the diagnostic management procedures for detection of urinary tract infections in general practice and their correlated factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from the ECOGEN study on urinary tract infections, collected in France between November 2011 and April 2012. This national cross-sectional study was carried out in general practices. Data was coded according to the International Classification of Primary Care. RESULTS: A total of 340 consultations or home visits were held for urinary tract infections...
June 9, 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601825/defining-and-measuring-suspicion-of-sepsis-an-analysis-of-routine-data
#8
Matthew Inada-Kim, Bethan Page, Imran Maqsood, Charles Vincent
OBJECTIVES: To define the target population of patients who have suspicion of sepsis (SOS) and to provide a basis for assessing the burden of SOS, and the evaluation of sepsis guidelines and improvement programmes. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of routinely collected hospital administrative data. SETTING: Secondary care, eight National Health Service (NHS) Acute Trusts. PARTICIPANTS: Hospital Episode Statistics data for 2013-2014 was used to identify all admissions with a primary diagnosis listed in the 'suspicion of sepsis' (SOS) coding set...
June 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585886/clinical-indications-for-antibiotic-use-in-danish-general-practice-results-from-a-nationwide-electronic-prescription-database
#9
Rune Aabenhus, Malene Plejdrup Hansen, Volkert Siersma, Lars Bjerrum
OBJECTIVE: To assess the availability and applicability of clinical indications from electronic prescriptions on antibiotic use in Danish general practice. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort register-based study including the Danish National Prescription Register. SETTING: Population-based study of routine electronic antibiotic prescriptions from Danish general practice. SUBJECTS: All 975,626 patients who redeemed an antibiotic prescription at outpatient pharmacies during the 1-year study period (July 2012 to June 2013)...
June 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585332/inadequate-adherence-to-swedish-guidelines-for-uncomplicated-lower-urinary-tract-infections-among-adults-in-general-practice
#10
Heidi Lindbäck, Johan Lindbäck, Åsa Melhus
In a primary care study of urinary tract infections (UTIs) performed 2008 in Uppsala County, Sweden, 43% of the patients were culture negative. In order to investigate the background to the observed overdiagnosis of UTI, study invitations were sent to the previously included patients. A total of 256 patients (88% women) approved to participate. Patient charts and recorded laboratory data were reviewed. Two or more of the cardinal symptoms were reported in 53% of the women and in 19% of the men. A dipstick test was performed in 93% of the consultations...
June 6, 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577933/impact-of-selective-reporting-of-antibiotic-susceptibility-test-results-on-the-appropriateness-of-antibiotics-chosen-by-french-general-practitioners-in-urinary-tract-infections-a-randomised-controlled-case-vignette-study
#11
Loic Bourdellon, Nathalie Thilly, Sébastien Fougnot, Céline Pulcini, Sandrine Henard
Selective reporting of antibiotic susceptibility test (AST) results is a potential intervention for laboratory-based antibiotic stewardship. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of AST reporting on the appropriateness of antibiotics selected by French general practitioners for urinary tract infections (UTIs). A randomised controlled case-vignette study in a region of northeast France surveyed general practitioners between July and October 2015 on treatment of four clinical cases of community-acquired Escherichia coli UTIs (two cases of complicated cystitis, one of acute pyelonephritis and one male UTI)...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566116/adherence-to-local-antimicrobial-guidelines-for-initial-treatment-of-community-acquired-infections
#12
Trine Langfeldt Hagen, Mathias Amdi Hertz, Gábor Balázs Uhrin, Michael Dalager-Pedersen, Henrik Carl Schønheyder, Henrik Nielsen
INTRODUCTION: Adherence to antimicrobial guidelines is key to ensuring a correct treatment of severe infections and to lessening misuse of broad-spectrum antimicrobials. We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study at the Emergency Department of Aalborg University Hospital, North Denmark Region. Our aim was to examine adherence to local antimicrobial guidelines in the empirical treatment of community-acquired infections and to identity any predictors of guideline non-adherence. METHODS: We identified 1,555 patients who had blood cultures performed and were admitted to the medical emergency department in 2016...
June 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558707/effect-of-the-2014-clinical-and-laboratory-standards-institute-urine-specific-breakpoints-on-cefazolin-susceptibility-rates-at-a-community-teaching-hospital
#13
Daniel B Chastain, Ijang Ngando, Christopher M Bland, Carlos Franco-Paredes, W Anthony Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Enterobacteriaceae, which include Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Proteus mirabilis, are identified as the infectious etiology in the majority of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in community hospitals across the United States. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) is a useful tool when choosing an appropriate antibacterial agent. Recent changes to the 2014 Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines included reporting a urine-specific cefazolin breakpoint for enterobacteriaceae (susceptible ≤16 mcg/mL)...
May 30, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553414/esbl-production-among-e-coli-and-klebsiella-spp-causing-urinary-tract-infection-a-hospital-based-study
#14
Pooja Shakya, Dhiraj Shrestha, Elina Maharjan, Vijay K Sharma, Rabin Paudyal
INTRODUCTION: Increase in extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) producing microbes in recent years has led to limitations of treatment options. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of ESBL producing E. coli and Klebsiella spp. at a tertiary hospital in Nepal. METHODS: A total of 2209 non-repetitive mid-stream urine (MSU) samples were collected during the study period (March to September 2014). Identification of the isolates was done by Gram's staining followed by biochemical tests...
2017: Open Microbiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547632/compliance-with-urinary-catheter-removal-guidelines-leads-to-improved-outcome-in-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-patients
#15
Allan Okrainec, Mary-Anne Aarts, Lesley Gotlib Conn, Stuart McCluskey, Marg McKenzie, Emily A Pearsall, Ori Rotstein, J Charles Victor, Robin S McLeod
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether compliance with Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) urinary catheter recommendations is associated with decreased urinary tract infections (UTI) and length of stay (LOS). METHODS: Patients having colorectal surgery at 15 academic hospitals were included. Patient and outcome data were collected prospectively. The guideline recommends that urinary catheters following colonic and rectal procedures should be removed at or before 24 and 72 h, respectively...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528936/efficacy-of-non-carbapenem-antibiotics-for-pediatric-patients-with-first-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-due-to-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli
#16
Yoshifusa Abe, Işil Inan-Erdogan, Kunihiko Fukuchi, Hitomi Wakabayashi, Yasuha Ogawa, Satoshi Hibino, Shunsuke Sakurai, Kazuhiko Matsuhashi, Yoshitaka Watanabe, Kaori Hashimoto, Kazuhisa Ugajin, Kazuo Itabashi
Although carbapenem is the recommended for urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing organisms, non-carbapenems have been reported to be effective for adult patients with UTI caused by ESBL-producing organisms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of non-carbapenems for pediatric patients with UTI due to ESBL-producing Escherichia coli (E. coli) based on the microbiologic and clinical outcomes. Fifteen children, who were treated for first febrile UTI caused by ESBL-producing E...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523017/antibiotic-susceptibility-in-commonly-isolated-pathogens-from-urinary-tract-infection-in-a-cohort-of-subjects-from-low-socioeconomic-strata
#17
Saera Suhail Kidwai, Ayesha Nageen, Samina Ghaznavi, Farhat Bashir, Jamal Ara
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Urinary tract infection is one of the commonest infections seen in clinical practice. Lack of compliance and unjustified antibiotic prescriptions has resulted in bacterial resistance and is proving as a major challenge in the management of these infections. Our aim was to identify the sensitivity pattern of commonly used antibiotics against urinary tract infections so as to suggest an improvised line of action against bacteria causing urinary tract infections'...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505559/a-two-phased-study-on-health-care-professionals-perceptions-of-single-or-multi-use-of-intermittent-catheters
#18
D McClurg, J Coyle, A Long, K Moore, A Cottenden, C May, M Fader
AIMS: This two phase study aimed to explore health care professionals' teaching and prescribing practice related to intermittent catheterisation and to identify their perceptions about the possible implementation of a mixed (single and multi-use) package for intermittent catheterization. INTRODUCTION: Single-use intermittent catheters are the norm in the UK although multi-use is common in some other countries. A recent Cochrane review found no difference in complications, including urinary tract infection rates, between those using single or multi-use catheters...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501465/candiduria-evidence-based-approach-to-management-are-we-there-yet
#19
REVIEW
W A Alfouzan, R Dhar
Candiduria is considered one of the most controversial issues in patient management. Neither the diagnosis nor the optimal treatment options are standardized. This is further complicated by lack of defined laboratory criteria for diagnosis as most of the studies were set for bacterial rather than fungal urinary tract infection (UTI). Furthermore, since Candida species is a known commensal of the genitourinary tract its presence in the urine sample adds ambiguity to making a definitive diagnosis of candidal UTI...
May 10, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486532/antibiotic-resistance-rates-and-physician-antibiotic-prescription-patterns-of-uncomplicated-urinary-tract-infections-in-southern-chinese-primary-care
#20
Carmen Ka Man Wong, Kenny Kung, Philip Lung Wai Au-Doung, Margaret Ip, Nelson Lee, Alice Fung, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong
Uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTI) are common in primary care. Whilst primary care physicians are called to be antimicrobial stewards, there is limited primary care antibiotic resistance surveillance and physician antibiotic prescription data available in southern Chinese primary care. The study aimed to investigate the antibiotic resistance rate and antibiotic prescription patterns in female patients with uncomplicated UTI. Factors associated with antibiotic resistance and prescription was explored...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
119910
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"