keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Diuretics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220556/drug-treatment-of-hypertension-in-sweden-in-relation-to-sex-age-and-comorbidity
#1
Fredrik Wallentin, Björn Wettermark, Thomas Kahan
The authors investigated antihypertensive drug treatment in Sweden using the Stockholm Regional Healthcare Data Warehouse, providing information on all healthcare consultations, diagnoses, hospitalizations, dispensed prescription drugs, sex, and age in 2.1 million persons. This cross-sectional analysis identified 292 428 individuals 20 years or older with hypertension (mean age 68 ± 13 years, 53% women). About half had no diabetes mellitus or cardiovascular comorbidity. The number of dispensed drugs was lower in women than in men (1...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218625/diuretic-or-beta-blocker-for-hypertensive-patients-already-receiving-acei-arb-and-calcium-channel-blocker
#2
Min-Shan Tsai, Chao-Hsiun Tang, Chia-Ying Lin, Po-Ya Chuang, Nai-Chuan Chen, Chien-Hua Huang, Wei-Tien Chang, Tzung-Dau Wang, Ping-Hsun Yu, Wen-Jone Chen
BACKGROUND: In patients already receiving combination of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI)/angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) and calcium channel blocker (CCB), whether the choice of additional diuretic or beta-blocker affects the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular outcomes remains unclear. METHODS: A total of 13,551 patients who were concurrently receiving three anti-hypertensive agents of different classes through outpatient clinics during 2004-2006 were identified from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan...
December 8, 2017: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217922/effect-of-solanum-nigrun-on-uterus-of-non-gravid-rats
#3
Freddy O Agoreyo, B Rita Ohimai, Magdalene I Omigie
Background: Solanum nigrum is a widely used plant in oriental medicine where it is considered to be antioxidant, anti- inflammatory and diuretic. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Solanum Nigrum on uterine contractions. Method: Female Wistar Wister albino rats were used for the study. They were housed in a single large cage in an atmospheric controlled environment. Twenty-four hours before every experiment, 0.2 mg/kg of diethylstilbesterol constituted in 1:1 ethanol/water solution, was administered intraperitoneally as a pre-treatment to the rats to induce oestrus...
May 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217496/protective-action-of-crtaeva-nurvala-buch-ham-extracts-against-renal-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats-via-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-activities
#4
Mouchira Aly Choucry, Mohammed N A Khalil, Sally A El Awdan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Crateva nurvala stem bark is commonly used in Ayruveda in treatment of many renal injuries, e.g., urinary lithiasis, diuretic and nephroprotective. However, its protective effect against renal ischaemia/reperfusion, the major cause of acute kidnea injury, has never been studied. Moreover, no comprehensive chemical profiling of its extracts was recorded. AIM OF THE STUDY: Assessment of the protective effect of both extracts against renal ischaemia/reperfusion and elucidation of the possible mechanism of action...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217346/hydrochlorothiazide-use-and-risk-of-non-melanoma-skin-cancer-a-nationwide-case-control-study-from-denmark
#5
Sidsel Arnspang, David Gaist, Sigrun Alba Johannesdottir Schmidt, Lisbet Rosenkrantz Hölmich, Søren Friis, Anton Pottegård
BACKGROUND: Hydrochlorothiazide, one of the most frequently used diuretic and antihypertensive drugs in the United States and Western Europe, is photosensitizing and has previously been linked to lip cancer. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between hydrochlorothiazide use and the risk of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). METHODS: From the Danish Cancer Registry, we identified patients (cases) with NMSC during 2004-2012...
November 30, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215080/risk-predictors-and-outcomes-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-admitted-to-intensive-care-units-in-egypt
#6
Samar Abd ElHafeez, Giovanni Tripepi, Robert Quinn, Yasmine Naga, Sherif Abdelmonem, Mohamed AbdelHady, Ping Liu, Matthew James, Carmine Zoccali, Pietro Ravani
Epidemiology of acute kidney injury (AKI) in developing countries is under-studied. We evaluated the risk and prognosis of AKI in patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) in Egypt. We recruited consecutive adults admitted to ICUs in Alexandria Teaching Hospitals over six months. We used the KDIGO criteria for AKI. We followed participants until the earliest of ICU discharge, death, day 30 from entry or study end. Of the 532 participants (median age 45 (Interquartile range [IQR]: 30-62) years, 41.7% male, 23...
December 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214511/managing-gout-flares-in-the-elderly-practical-considerations
#7
Abhishek Abhishek
Gout is common in the elderly, affecting an estimated 4.7 million people aged > 60 years in the USA alone. The incidence and prevalence of gout increases, and male predisposition to gout reduces, with increasing age. The elderly have more comorbidities, and gout manifests differently, with more frequent involvement of knees, ankles, and wrists at disease onset, systemic upset, and tophi. Comorbidities and polypharmacy make the management of gout flares challenging in this population. Intra-articular corticosteroid injection remains the treatment of choice for accessible joints, oral prednisolone is preferred over low-dose colchicine, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are best avoided...
December 6, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212465/association-of-24%C3%A2-h-systolic-blood-pressure-variability-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#8
Xiao Ke, Yan Sun, Rongfeng Yang, Jiawen Liang, Shaoyun Wu, Chengheng Hu, Xing Wang
BACKGROUND: To evaluate association of 24 h-systolic blood pressure (SBP) variability and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) as defined by the apnea-hypopnea index ≥5/h; and association of 24 h-SBP variability and prevalent cardiovascular disease (CVD) in OSA patients. METHODS: Participants underwent polysomongraphy to evaluate the presence of OSA, and 24 h-ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was applied to evaluate 24 h-SBP variability as indexed by weighted 24 h-standard deviation (SD) of SBP...
December 6, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206727/assessment-of-myocardial-function-and-injury-by-echocardiography-and-cardiac-biomarkers-in-african-children-with-severe-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria
#9
Simon Kotlyar, Peter Olupot-Olupot, Julius Nteziyaremye, Samuel O Akech, Sophie Uyoga, Rita Muhindo, Christopher L Moore, Kathryn Maitland
OBJECTIVES: Perturbed hemodynamic function complicates severe malaria. The Fluid Expansion as Supportive Therapy trial demonstrated that fluid resuscitation, involving children with severe malaria, was associated with increased mortality, primarily due to cardiovascular collapse, suggesting that myocardial dysfunction may have a role. The aim of this study was to characterize cardiac function in children with severe malaria. DESIGN: A prospective observational study with clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic data collected at presentation (T0) and 24 hours (T1) in children with severe malaria...
December 4, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203397/pro-arrhythmic-effects-of-low-plasma-k-in-human-ventricle-an-illustrated-review
#10
REVIEW
Beatriz Trenor, Karen Cardona, Lucia Romero, Juan F Gomez, Javier Saiz, Sridharan Rajamani, Luiz Belardinelli, Wayne Giles
Potassium levels in the plasma, [K+]o, are regulated precisely under physiological conditions. However, increases (from approx. 4.5 to 8.0mM) can occur as a consequence of, e.g., endurance exercise, ischemic insult or kidney failure. This hyperkalemic modulation of ventricular electrophysiology has been studied extensively. Hypokalemia is also common. It can occur in response to diuretic therapy, following renal dialysis, or during recovery from endurance exercise. In the human ventricle, clinical hypokalemia (e...
November 24, 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199170/what-is-the-long-term-acid-inhibitor-treatment-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-what-are-the-potential-problems-related-to-long-term-acid-inhibitor-treatment-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-how-should-these-cases-be-followed
#11
İbrahim Hatemi, Sinem Nihal Esatoğlu
The meta-analyses of observational studies (OBS) showed the risk of any fracture and hip fracture slightly increased with proton pump inhibitor (PPI) treatment depending on the dose and regardless of time. This was not observed with histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RA). The risk of bacterial overgrowth and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis were increased with PPI therapy, but not with H2RA. In meta-analyses of OBS, a slight increase was observed in the risk of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in the early stages (<1 month) of PPI use and particularly at high doses...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198636/prolonged-diuretic-and-saluretic-effect-of-nothofagin-isolated-from-leandra-dasytricha-a-gray-cogn-leaves-in-normotensive-and-hypertensive-rats-role-of-antioxidant-system-and-renal-protection
#12
Camila Leandra Bueno de Almeida, Valdir Cechinel-Filho, Thaise Boeing, Luísa Nathália Bolda Mariano, Luísa Mota da Silva, Sérgio Faloni de Andrade, Priscila de Souza
Although the acute diuretic effect of nothofagin has been recently demonstrated, its effects after dose-repeated treatment have not yet been explored. For that, male Wistar normotensive (NTR) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were orally treated, once a day, with vehicle (VEH: distilled water; 1 ml/kg), hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ; 10 mg/kg) or nothofagin (NOT; 1 mg/kg). The cumulative diuretic index and urinary electrolytes excretion were measured each 24 h. On the last day of the experiment (7th day), urine, blood and kidney samples were collected for biochemical and molecular analyzes...
November 30, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196903/concurrent-use-of-prescription-drugs-and-herbal-medicinal-products-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Taofikat B Agbabiaka, Barbara Wider, Leala K Watson, Claire Goodman
BACKGROUND: The use of herbal medicinal products (HMPs) is common among older adults; however, little is known about concurrent use with prescription drugs, as well as potential interactions associated with such combinations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to identify and evaluate the literature on concurrent prescription and HMP use among older adults to assess prevalence, patterns, potential interactions and factors associated with this use. METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted in the MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, Web of Science and Cochrane databases from inception to May 2017 for studies reporting concurrent use of prescription medicines with HMPs in adults ≥ 65 years of age...
December 1, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196879/the-feasibility-of-physiologically-based-pharmacokinetic-modeling-in-forensic-medicine-illustrated-by-the-example-of-morphine
#14
Nadine Schaefer, Daniel Moj, Thorsten Lehr, Peter H Schmidt, Frank Ramsthaler
In forensic medicine, expert opinion is often required concerning dose and time of intake of a substance, especially in the context of fatal intoxications. In the present case, a 98-year-old man died 4 days after admission to a hospital due to a femur neck fracture following a domestic fall in his retirement home. As he had obtained high morphine doses in the context of palliative therapy and a confusion of his supplemental magnesium tablets with a diuretic by the care retirement home was suspected by the relatives, a comprehensive postmortem examination was performed...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194050/update-on-the-management-of-acute-heart-failure
#15
Erin Rayner-Hartley, Sean Virani, Mustafa Toma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We provide a concise review of recent studies focusing on the management of patients with acute heart failure (AHF). RECENT FINDINGS: In well designed randomized trials, no mortality benefit has been observed with the use of diuretics, ultrafiltration, inotropes and vasodilators in AHF. Recent trials examining the role of novel inotropes and vasodilators as well as the role of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists in the AHF population, is reviewed...
November 30, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193563/sacubitril-valsartan-reduces-serum-uric-acid-concentration-an-independent-predictor-of-adverse-outcomes-in-paradigm-hf
#16
Ulrik M Mogensen, Lars Køber, Pardeep S Jhund, Akshay S Desai, Michele Senni, Søren L Kristensen, Andrej Dukát, Chen-Huan Chen, Felix Ramires, Martin P Lefkowitz, Margaret F Prescott, Victor C Shi, Jean L Rouleau, Scott D Solomon, Karl Swedberg, Milton Packer, John J V McMurray
AIMS: Elevated serum uric acid concentration (SUA) has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but this may be due to unmeasured confounders. We examined the association between SUA and outcomes as well as the effect of sacubitril/valsartan on SUA in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) in PARADIGM-HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: The association between SUA and the primary composite outcome of cardiovascular death or heart failure (HF) hospitalization, its components, and all-cause mortality was examined using Cox regression analyses among 8213 patients using quintiles (Q1-Q5) of SUA adjusted for baseline prognostic variables including estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), diuretic dose, and log N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide...
November 30, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193233/development-and-validation-of-an-lc-ms-ms-method-for-the-determination-of-a-novel-thienoquinolin-urea-transporter-inhibitor-pu-48-in-rat-plasma-and-its-application-to-a-pharmacokinetic-study
#17
Zhi-Yuan Zhang, Xin Wang, Dan Liu, Hua Zhang, Qiang Zhang, Ying-Yuan Lu, Pu Li, Ya-Qing Lou, Bao-Xue Yang, Chuang Lu, Ya-Xin Lou, Guo-Liang Zhang
A specific, sensitive and stable high-performance liquid chromatographic-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for the quantitative determination of methyl 3-amino-6-methoxythieno [2,3-b]quinoline-2-carboxylate (PU-48), a novel diuretic thienoquinolin urea transporter inhibitor in rat plasma. In this method, the chromatographic separation of PU-48 was achieved with a reversed phase C18 column (100 × 2.1 mm, 3 μm) at 35 °C. The mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile and water with 0...
November 28, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192005/successful-reversal-of-furosemide-induced-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-with-cinacalcet
#18
Tarak Srivastava, Shahryar Jafri, William E Truog, Judith Sebestyen VanSickle, Winston M Manimtim, Uri S Alon
Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a rare complication of furosemide therapy that can occur in patients treated with the loop diuretic for a long period of time. We report a 6-month-old 28-weeks premature infant treated chronically with furosemide for his bronchopulmonary dysplasia, who developed hypocalcemia and severe SHPT, adversely affecting his bones. Discontinuation of the loop diuretic and the addition of supplemental calcium and calcitriol only partially reversed the SHPT, bringing serum parathyroid hormone level down from 553 to 238 pg/mL...
December 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189185/enhanced-both-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-kinetics-by-slns-induced-transdermal-system-of-furosemide-a-novel-approach
#19
Revathi Mannam, Indira Muzib Yallamalli
AIM AND BACKGROUND: Furosemide is a potent diuretic agent used to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension. Variable dosage regimen and poor pharmacokinetic parameters has led to the development of transdermal drug delivery system. A patent on suitability of multi-lamellar structures for excellent transdermal delivery (US 0367475A1) has encouraged us to formulate the solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) induced transdermal systems of furosemide to enhance the kinetic properties without incorporating any penetration enhancer and rate limiting polymers...
November 28, 2017: Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188803/activation-of-human-smooth-muscle-bk-channels-by-hydrochlorothiazide-requires-cell-integrity-and-the-presence-of-bk-%C3%AE-1-subunit
#20
Pedro Martín, Melisa Moncada, Guruprasad Kuntamallappanavar, Alex M Dopico, Verónica Milesi
Thiazide-like diuretics are the most commonly used drugs to treat arterial hypertension, with their efficacy being linked to their chronic vasodilatory effect. Previous studies suggest that activation of the large conductance voltage- and Ca2+-dependent K+ (BK) channel (Slo 1, MaxiK channel) is responsible for the thiazide-induced vasodilatory effect. But the direct electrophysiological evidence supporting this claim is lacking. BK channels can be associated with one small accessory β-subunit (β1-β4) that confers specific biophysical and pharmacological characteristics to the current phenotype...
November 30, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
keyword
keyword
11991
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"