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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344040/health-journalism-health-reporting-status-and-challenges
#1
Mahrokh Keshvari, Niko Yamani, Peyman Adibi, Hossein Shahnazi
Background: Media play crucial role in disseminating health information. Due to the importance of accurate health news reports, and the national need to professionalism in health journalism, this study aimed to investigate the characteristics of health journalists, and health reporting status and the challenges involved. Materials and Methods: Using consensus sampling, this descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on all health news reporters in Isfahan (34 journalists) in 2015-2016...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342495/improving-perinatology-residents-skills-in-breaking-bad-news-a-randomized-intervention-study
#2
Maria Silvia Vellutini Setubal, Maria Ângela Reis Goes Monteiro Antonio, Eliana Martorano Amaral, John Boulet
OBJECTIVE:  Breaking bad news (BBN) is particularly difficult in perinatology. Previous research has shown that BBN skills can be learned and improved when taught and practiced. This project evaluated whether a structured training session would enhance perinatology residents' skills in BBN. METHODS:  This was a randomized controlled intervention study with year 1 to 4 Perinatology residents from a medical school in Brazil, during the 2014/15 school year. A total of 61 out of 100 (61%) eligible residents volunteered to a structured training program involving communicating a perinatal loss to a simulated patient (SP) portraying the mother followed by the SP's immediate feedback, both video recorded...
January 17, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334564/validating-the-electronic-cardiac-arrest-risk-triage-ecart-score-for-risk-stratification-of-surgical-inpatients-in-the-postoperative-setting-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Bartlomiej Bartkowiak, Ashley M Snyder, Andrew Benjamin, Andrew Schneider, Nicole M Twu, Matthew M Churpek, Kevin K Roggin, Dana P Edelson
OBJECTIVE: Assess the accuracy of 3 early warning scores for predicting severe adverse events in postoperative inpatients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Postoperative clinical deterioration on inpatient hospital services is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and cost. Early warning scores have been developed to detect inpatient clinical deterioration and trigger rapid response activation, but knowledge regarding the application of early warning scores to postoperative inpatients is limited...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321713/two-branches-of-the-same-tree-a-brief-history-of-turkish-neuropsychiatric-society-1914-2016
#4
Fatih Artvinli, Şahap Erkoç, Fulya Kardeş
Introduction: The aim of this article is to provide a brief history of Turkish Neuropsychiatric Society by examining its institutional background, the milestones within its history, and the major activities undertaken by the organization during the years. Methods: Firstly, the books, journals, and articles that are related to the history of psychiatry and neurology in Turkey have been reviewed and the information that can explain the history of the society has been brought together...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303098/-exaggerated-health-news-association-between-exaggeration-in-university-press-releases-and-exaggeration-in-news-media-coverage
#5
J Schat, F G Bossema, M E Numans, I Smeets, P Burger
OBJECTIVE: To determine how often press releases and news articles contain exaggeration and to locate its origin in the trajectory from research paper to news article. DESIGN: Retrospective quantitative content analysis. METHOD: We analysed press releases on health-related research published by Dutch universities and university medical centres in 2015 (n = 129) as well as news media articles related to those press releases (n = 185). RESULTS: 20% of press releases and 29% of news articles exaggerated the conclusion or causal claim...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290595/the-media-response-to-the-acgme-s-2017-relaxed-resident-duty-hour-restrictions
#6
Zi Zhang, Alan V Krauthamer, Andrew B Rosenkrantz
PURPOSE: In March 2017, the ACGME relaxed resident duty-hour restrictions to allow first-year residents to work 24-hour shifts, affecting the internship experience of incoming radiology residents. The aim of this study was to assess the media response to this duty-hour change, comparing news articles with favorable and unfavorable views. METHODS: Google News was used to identify 36 relevant unique news articles published over a 4-week period after the announcement...
December 28, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283871/resources-for-educating-training-and-mentoring-all-physicians-providing-palliative-care
#7
James Downar
This article presents a rapid review of the published literature and available resources for educating Canadian physicians to provide palliative and end-of-life care. Several key messages emerge from the review. First, there are many palliative care educational resources already available for Canadian physicians. Second, the many palliative care education resources are often not used in physician training. Third, we know that some palliative care educational interventions are inexpensive and scalable, while others are costly and time-consuming; we know very little about which palliative care educational interventions impact physician behavior and patient care...
January 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279725/tympanoplasty-news-and-new-perspectives
#8
REVIEW
Marcus Neudert, Thomas Zahnert
Techniques and biomaterials for reconstructive middle ear surgery are continuously and steadily developing. At the same time, clinical post-surgery results are evaluated to determine success or failure of the therapy. Routine quality assessment and assurance is of growing importance in the medical field, and therefore also in middle ear surgery. The exact definition and acquisition of outcome parameters is essential for both a comprehensive and detailed quality assurance. These parameters are not the audiological results alone, but also additional individual parameters, which influence the postoperative outcome after tympanoplasty...
2017: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274068/individual-supervision-to-enhance-reflexivity-and-the-practice-of-patient-centered-care-experience-at-the-undergraduate-level
#9
Alexandre Berney, Céline Bourquin
This article reports on what is at work during individual supervision of medical students in the context of teaching breaking bad news (BBN). Surprisingly, there is a relative lack of research and report on the topic of supervision, even though it is regularly used in medical training. Building on our research and teaching experience on BBN at the undergraduate level, as well as interviews of supervisors, the following key elements have been identified: learning objectives (e.g., raising student awareness of structural elements of the interview, emotion (patients and students) handling), pedagogical approach (being centered on student's needs and supportive to promote already existing competences), essentials (e...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250700/ethical-dilemmas-in-communicating-bad-news-following-histopathology-examination
#10
Dan Alexandru Constantin, IonuŢ Horia Cioriceanu, Marilena Monica ţânŢu, Daniela Popa, Dana Bădău, Victoria Burtea, Gabriela CodruŢa Nemet, Liliana Marcela Rogozea
PURPOSE: The study proposes an analysis of the ethical aspects that occur in communicating bad news following histopathology laboratory tests in medical practice, in particular in the case of the anatomical pathology diagnosis confirming a medical condition of poor prognosis. BACKGROUND: Over the last decades, the progress of science and technology in the medical field, as well as the explosive increase of specialist information available on the Internet have led to unprecedented ethical issues related to the communication modality of histopathology test results to patients...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249246/-what-s-new-in-clinical-dermatology
#11
A Petit
In addition to continuous medical education, medical journals offer to dermatologists a huge variety of news that differ by their content, validity, originality and clinical relevance. I collected here various articles relative to clinical dermatology that have been published between September, 2016 and September, 2017. These papers have been chosen in the aim of reflecting such diversity. I just excluded, as far as possible, articles dealing with other issues that the reader will find further in this booklet (such as research, pediatric, instrumental, oncologic or therapeutic dermatology, or dermatology and internal medicine)...
December 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248587/enhanced-case-management-can-be-delivered-for-patients-with-evd-in-africa-experience-from-a-uk-military-ebola-treatment-centre-in-sierra-leone
#12
S J Dickson, K A Clay, M Adam, C Ardley, M S Bailey, D S Burns, A T Cox, D G Craig, M Espina, G Fitchett, J Grindrod, D E Hinsley, S Horne, E Hutley, A M Johnston, R L C Kao, L E Lamb, S Lewis, D Marion, A J Moore, T C Nicholson-Roberts, A Phillips, J Praught, P S Rees, I Schoonbaert, T Trinick, D R Wilson, A J Simpson, D Wang, M K O'Shea, T E Fletcher
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist describing supportive care management, laboratory abnormalities and outcomes in patients with EVD (Ebola virus disease) in West Africa. We report data which constitute the first description of the provision of enhanced EVD case management protocols in a West African setting. METHODS: Demographic, clinical and laboratory data were collected by retrospective review of clinical and laboratory records of patients with confirmed EVD admitted between 5 November 2014 and 30 June 2015...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242109/short-national-early-warning-score-developing-a-modified-early-warning-score
#13
Leandro Luís, Carla Nunes
INTRODUCTION: Early Warning Score (EWS) systems have been developed for detecting hospital patients clinical deterioration. Many studies show that a National Early Warning Score (NEWS) performs well in discriminating survival from death in acute medical and surgical hospital wards. NEWS is validated for Portugal and is available for use. A simpler EWS system may help to reduce the risk of error, as well as increase clinician compliance with the tool. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate whether a simplified NEWS model will improve use and data collection...
December 11, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221651/-the-myth-of-virgin-cleansing-latest-news-on-an-archaic-magico-religious-practice
#14
P Charlier, F Bou Abdallah, L Brun, V Hoang-Oppermann, S Deo, Y Mostefai-Dulac, M-F Mamzer, C Hervé
BACKGROUND: In the medical anthropology section of the Nanterre Hospital (France) for migrants and refugees, three cases were recorded of "virgin cleansing" in sub-Saharan African countries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: These consisted of sexual assaults (2 instances of rape and 1 of sexual interference) on sexually immature females (young girls) by patients with sexually transmitted infections (mainly HIV, syphilis) hoping they might thereby be cured. DISCUSSION: These particularly atrocious hetero-aggressive sexual practices based on magical arguments are unfortunately universal and are not limited to a specific culture...
December 5, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217353/policy-on-posthumous-sperm-retrieval-survey-of-75-major-academic-medical-centers
#15
Nicholas J Waler, Raul I Clavijo, Nancy L Brackett, Charles M Lynne, Ranjith Ramasamy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence and content of policies on posthumous sperm retrieval at 75 major academic medical centers in the U.S. METHODS: We surveyed the top 75 major academic medical centers ranked for research in 2016 by U.S. News & World Report using a questionnaire based telephone/web survey. We gathered data on the presence and content of posthumous sperm retrieval policies on the internet. If not published, we contacted the legal counsel, the ethics and compliance offices, the Urology Department, as well as the infertility treatment center associated with each institution...
December 4, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202162/controversial-issues-in-healthcare-policy-a-survey-of-doctor-of-physical-therapy-students-in-a-public-university
#16
Drew D Snyder, Teale K Bennett, Jeremy C Oller, Weiqing Ge
BACKGROUND: The recently passed legislation and proposed policy changes governing the healthcare system have been met with extensive debate and controversy. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of the study was to determine the attitudes of Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) students towards some of these controversial issues. The secondary objective was to determine the demographic factors, including number of years in a physical therapy program, that contribute to their attitude formation...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190867/-breaking-bad-news-in-the-emergency-room-suggestions-and-future-challenges
#17
Edgar Landa-Ramírez, Antonio López-Gómez, Irma Jiménez-Escobar, Juan José Sánchez-Sosaa Sánchez-Sosaa
The aim of this paper is to describe educational programs that reportedly teach how to break bad news in the emergency department. We also suggest some recommendations on how to communicate bad news based on the research of evidence available in the field. The examined evidence points toward six major components with which physicians should familiarize when communicating bad news: 1) doctor-patient empathic communication, 2) establishing a proper space to give the news, 3) identifying characteristics of the person who receives the news, 4) essential aspects for communicating the news; 5) emotional support, and 6) medical and administrative aspects of the encounter...
November 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189647/the-use-of-simulation-in-physician-assistant-programs-a-national-survey
#18
Donald Coerver, Nina Multak, Ashley Marquardt, Eric H Larson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a national-level description of the current use of simulation activities in physician assistant (PA) education and to assess the degree to which the use of simulation varies by PA program size and institutional type. METHODS: An electronic survey on medical simulation was sent to 177 PA program directors or to a designated simulation activities coordinator, using the directory on the Physician Assistant Education Association website...
December 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180491/are-meta-analyses-a-form-of-medical-fake-news-thoughts-about-how-they-should-contribute-to-medical-science-and-practice
#19
Milton Packer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180275/-exhaustivity-and-critical-tone-of-the-news-in-print-media-reporting-medical-innovations
#20
Maite Solans-Domènech, Marta Millaret, Núria Radó-Trilla, Johanna Caro-Mendivelso, Carme Carrion, Gaietà Permanyer-Miralda, Joan M V Pons
OBJECTIVE: To quantify how exhaustive and critical were stories reporting medical innovations published in print media and to analyze the characteristics that may be related. METHOD: Content analysis of the newspapers stories related to the discovery, introduction or improvement of a medical innovation through a questionnaire with ten criteria that allows calculating an overall score of exhaustiveness. The critical view was also included. RESULTS: We analyzed 204 newspapers stories that on average obtained a comprehensiveness score of 4...
November 24, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
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