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viral arthritis guidelines

Manik Gemilyan, Gagik Hakobyan, Susanna Ananyan
BACKGROUND: Familial Mediterranean fever is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by periodic febrile attacks of aseptic serositis and/or arthritis. The main treatment is colchicine which prevents attacks in the majority of patients except for a group of colchicine-resistant cases. Chronic hepatitis C is a viral infection causing chronic inflammation of liver tissue (hepatitis) which ultimately progresses to fibrosis and liver cirrhosis with a high chance of hepatocellular carcinoma...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Shefali Khanna Sharma, Sanjay Jain
Chikungunya (CHIK), a viral infection, is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. It is characterized by a phase of acute infection, which is sometimes followed by chronic rheumatisim in the form of arthralgia or myalgia that can last for months and even years. Several studies have been conducted to understand the mechanisms underlying inflammation associated with CHIK infection, persistence of viruses in monocytes-macrophages, and their relationship to the chronic symptoms. Chronic arthritis is one of the serious complications of CHIK infection, which is characterized by swelling and acute pain that poorly responds to treatment with analgesics...
March 2018: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Ali Zaid, Patrick Gérardin, Adam Taylor, Helen Mostafavi, Denis Malvy, Suresh Mahalingam
In the past decade, arboviruses-arthropod-borne viruses-have been the focus of public health institutions worldwide following a spate of devastating outbreaks. Chikungunya virus, an arbovirus that belongs to the alphavirus genus, is a reemerging arthritogenic virus that has caused explosive outbreaks since 2006, notably on Réunion Island, and more recently in the Caribbean, South America, India, and Southeast Asia. The severity of arthritic disease caused by chikungunya virus has prompted public health authorities in affected countries to develop specific guidelines to tackle this pathogen...
April 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
Di Liu, Na Yuan, Guimei Yu, Ge Song, Yan Chen
Therapies for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were mostly aimed at reducing the pain, stiffness and further progression of joint destruction. However, with the advent of biologic agents that act against specific inflammatory cytokines contributing to RA pathogenesis (treat-to-target strategy), the degree of remission achieved has been remarkably impressive. In particular, inhibition of tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), interleukins-1 and -6 and receptor-activator of nuclear kappa B ligand by neutralizing antibodies in early diagnosed RA patients has resulted in lowering of disease activity to levels that enable them to function as in the pre-disease stage...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
Marco Sebastiani, Fabiola Atzeni, Laura Milazzo, Luca Quartuccio, Carlo Scirè, Giovanni Battista Gaeta, Giovanni Lapadula, Orlando Armignacco, Marcello Tavio, Ignazio Olivieri, Pierluigi Meroni, Laura Bazzichi, Walter Grassi, Alessandro Mathieu, Claudio Mastroianni, Evangelista Sagnelli, Teresa Santantonio, Caterina Uberti Foppa, Massimo Puoti, Loredana Sarmati, Paolo Airò, Oscar Massimiliano Epis, Rossana Scrivo, Miriam Gargiulo, Agostino Riva, Andreina Manfredi, Giovanni Ciancio, Gianguglielmo Zehender, Gloria Taliani, Luca Meroni, Salvatore Sollima, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini, Massimo Galli
OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis B (HBV) infection, which is prevalent worldwide, is also frequently seen in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The Italian Society of Rheumatology (SIR) and the Italian Society of Infectious and Tropical Diseases (SIMIT) endorsed a national consensus process to review the available evidence on HBV management in RA patients and to produce practical, hospital-wide recommendations. METHODS: The consensus panel consisted of infectious disease consultants, rheumatologists and epidemiologists and used the criteria of the Oxford Center for Evidence-based Medicine to assess the quality of the evidence and the strength of their recommendations...
May 18, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
Shen-Ju Liang, Quan-You Zheng, Yan-Long Yang, Yi Yang, Chong-Yang Liu
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a relatively common autoimmune disease that is associated with progressive disability and systemic complications, with a relatively high socioeconomic burden. The treatment of RA has been revolutionized by the use of biological drugs, such as anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents. A wide spectrum of RA disease severity has been reported among patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Yet, only a few cases using anti-TNF therapy have been described in this clinical population...
July 2017: Rheumatology International
Tomoe Matsuzaki, Kumiko Ohkubo, Makiko Yuki, Hironobu Kawashima, Akira Matsunaga
OBJECTIVES: Anti-cancer and immunosuppressive drugs often induce hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation, resulting in lethal hepatitis in the worst cases. It is to elucidate the clinical characteristics of the patients in our hospital, who underwent HBV-related examinations to help prevent HBV-associated hepatitis by reactivation during the two-year period after the announcement of new guidelines by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan in January 2009. STUDY DESIGN: We enrolled 811 patients who were examined for HBs antigen, anti-HBc antibody, anti-HBs antibody and HBV DNA regarding HBV reactivation...
March 2015: Rinsho Byori. the Japanese Journal of Clinical Pathology
Christine S Ahn, Emily H Dothard, Michael L Garner, Steven R Feldman, William W Huang
BACKGROUND: Safety profiles of systemic biologic agents for the treatment of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) encompass a wide spectrum of adverse events. To date, no uniform evidence-based guidelines exist regarding screening and monitoring patients who are undergoing biologic therapy. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify studies evaluating screening and monitoring tests in the treatment of psoriasis and PsA with systemic biologic agents, and to propose evidence-based practical guidelines...
September 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Francesca De Nard, Monica Todoerti, Vittorio Grosso, Sara Monti, Silvia Breda, Silvia Rossi, Carlomaurizio Montecucco, Roberto Caporali
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients undergoing biological therapy is not infrequent. This condition can occur in patients with chronic hepatitis B as well as in patients with resolved HBV infection. Current recommendations are mainly focused on prevention and management strategies of viral reactivation under tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors or chimeric monoclonal antibody rituximab. In recent years, growing data concerning HBV reactivation in RA patients treated with newer biological drugs like tocilizumab and abatacept have cumulated...
March 27, 2015: World Journal of Hepatology
A Notarnicola, F Iannone, G Lopalco, M Covelli, G Lapadula
Despite lacking of international guidelines about the management of patients with occult hepatitis B virus infection (OBI) starting TNF-α blockers, there is some evidence from real life settings that these drugs are safe in OBI patients with rheumatic diseases. On the contrary, the management of the so-called false OBI patients appears still undefined. We describe a case of acute hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection occurred in an anti-HBs and anti- HBc positive patient affected by psoriatic arthritis, who had been treated for five years with infliximab...
2013: Reumatismo
Thomas Hügle, Thomas Daikeler, Alan Tyndall
The successful use of a chimeric monoclonal antibody targeting TNF alpha (infliximab) to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA) two decades ago, ushered in a new era of therapy with the so-called biopharmaceuticals, commonly referred to as "biologics". Their use rapidly spread to other indications such as Crohns disease, and their commercial success led to rapid extension of the concept using other forms of monoclonal antibodies and receptor recombinant molecules with specificities to other cytokines, growth factors and immune cell subsets...
January 2014: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
Eleonora Ruocco, Ronni Wolf, Vincenzo Ruocco, Giampiero Brunetti, Francesca Romano, Ada Lo Schiavo
Pemphigus, a prototypical organ-specific human autoimmune disease, may be associated with other immunity-related disorders, viral infections, and different types of tumors. Coexistence with immune diseases is fairly frequent and, for some of them (eg, myasthenia gravis, Basedow's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, or lupus erythematosus), common pathogenic mechanisms can be considered. The association with viral infections (mainly herpesvirus infections) raises the question of whether the virus triggers the outbreak of the disease or simply complicates its clinical course...
July 2013: Clinics in Dermatology
Atul Deodhar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2013: Annals of Internal Medicine
Sam R Dalvi, Resit Yildirim, Yusuf Yazici
Behcet's syndrome (BS) is a vasculitis, seen more commonly around the Mediterranean and the Far East, and manifests with oral and genital ulcerations, skin lesions, uveitis, and vascular, central nervous system and gastrointestinal involvement. Its natural history of getting less severe over time, more severe disease in males and lack of specific diagnostic testing separates it from other commonly seen conditions in rheumatology. Most of the serious manifestations respond well to immunosuppression, and these are the mainstays of treatment for BS...
December 3, 2012: Drugs
Inge Nordgaard-Lassen, Jens Frederik Dahlerup, Erika Belard, Jan Gerstoft, Jens Kjeldsen, Knud Kragballe, Pernille Ravn, Inge Juul Sørensen, Klaus Theede, Lone Tjellesen
These national clinical guidelines outlining the screening, prophylaxis and critical information required prior to initiating anti-TNF-alpha treatment have been approved by the Danish Society for Gastroenterology. Anti-TNF-alpha therapy is widely used in gastroenterology (for inflammatory bowel disease), rheumatology (for rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis and spondyloarthropathies) and dermatology (for psoriasis). With this background, the Danish Society for Gastroenterology established a group of experts to assess evidence for actions recommended before treatment with anti-TNF-alpha agents...
July 2012: Danish Medical Journal
Tim L Jansen, C J J Mulder
Effective and less toxic biologics have revolutionized rheumatology as well as hepatology over the last decennia resulting in higher therapeutic goals. Traditional disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (tDMARDs) failing to achieve a quiescent chronic rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or spondylarthropathic arthritis (SA) inflammatory disease, nowadays are to be switched into a more potent strategy with ultimately a combination of tDMARD plus TNF inhibitors (TNFi) early in disease. Patients with previous microbiological infections however present a challenge for a modern rheumatologist aiming at complete remission, particularly in carriers of viral infections...
April 2012: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
Han Hee Ryu, Eun Young Lee, Kichul Shin, In Ah Choi, Yun Jong Lee, Bin Yoo, Min-Chan Park, Yong-Beom Park, Sang-Cheol Bae, Wan Hee Yoo, Sung Il Kim, Eun Bong Lee, Yeong Wook Song
Clinical guidelines regarding anti-viral prophylaxis for HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) carriers starting anti-TNFα agents are not yet fully established, even in endemic regions of HBV infection. We retrospectively collected the clinical data of 52 HBsAg carriers with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or ankylosing spondylitis (AS) that had been administered anti-TNFα treatment at seven medical centers in South Korea. Periodic data of liver function tests and serum HBV DNA were both utilized to assess HBV reactivation...
June 2012: Clinical Rheumatology
Joana Nunes, Rui Tato Marinho, J E Fonseca, Josã A Pereira da Silva, Josã Velosa
Reactivation of infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a potentially serious complication of immunosuppression, which can be identified and efficiently prevented. There have been an increasing number of cases of HBV reactivation in patients receiving immunosuppression in the context of rheumatic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus. The recommendations in this area should be individualized taking into account two aspects: immunosuppressive regimens used (high or low risk of reactivation) and the different stages of HBV infection: chronic hepatitis B, inactive HBV carrier, occult hepatitis B infection defined by HB surface antigen (HBsAg) negative and antibody anti-HB core (anti-HBc) positive...
April 2011: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
Sonia Raquel Cabrera Villalba, María Victoria Hernández Miguel, Raimon Sanmartí Sala
Chronic viral infections in rheumatic patients are a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Some of the disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD) commonly used in rheumatoid arthritis, such as methotrexate and leflunomide, are hepatotoxic. With biological therapy, which is now widely used in patients refractory to these and other DMARD, some cases of reactivation of hepatitis B, even fulminant cases, have been reported, especially when employing TNF antagonists and rituximab, so their use must be carefully assessed and usually accompanied by antiviral therapy...
May 2011: Reumatología Clinica
Whitney A Buckley, Amy L Stump, Robert M Monger, Sara K Lookabill
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of gold sodium thiomalate use for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in a patient with hepatitis B. CASE SUMMARY: A 53-year-old Korean American woman with mild RA and chronic hepatitis B infection was treated for worsening RA symptoms with subcutaneous injections of gold sodium thiomalate for 21 months, with the dosage decreased from the initial 40 mg per week to 40 mg every 3 weeks after 51 weeks of successful treatment. She had undergone treatment for hepatitis B in the past with lamivudine; however, she had not received that medication for at least 1 year prior to initiating treatment with gold sodium thiomalate injections...
April 2011: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
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