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bacterial arthritis guidelines

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Lyme disease (Lyme borreliosis) is a systemic infectious disease that can present in a variety of clinical manifestations. The disease is caused by a group of spirochaetes--Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato or Lyme borrelia--that are transmitted to humans by the bite of Ixodes ticks. Lyme disease is the most common arthropode-borne infectious disease in many European countries including Germany. Early localized infection is typically manifested by an erythema migrans skin lesion, in rarer cases as a borrelial lymphocytoma...
May 2016: Medizinische Monatsschrift Für Pharmazeuten
Faseeh Abdus Salam, Muhammad Harris Shoaib, Rabia Ismail Yousuf, Faisal Sultan, Muhammad Atif Khan, Saeed Manzoor
A high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC-UV) based simple and specific method for simultaneous quantitative determination of Ofloxacin, Fexofenadine HCl and Diclofenac Potassium has been developed and validated according to ICH guidelines. Chromatographic separation of the three drugs was carried out on 4.6 x 250 mm x 5 µ Licrospher RP Select B Column, using mobile phase constituted of methanol and phosphate buffer pH 3.5 (650: 350), pH adjusted to 3.5 ± 0.05 with dilute ortho-phosphoric acid and delivered at a flow rate of 1 ml/min...
November 2015: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Jarren Section, Steven D Gibbons, Theresa Barton, David E Greenberg, Chan-Hee Jo, Lawson A B Copley
BACKGROUND: Culture results affect the diagnosis and treatment of children with musculoskeletal infection. To our knowledge, no previous large-scale study has assessed the relative value of culture methods employed during the evaluation of these conditions. The purpose of this study was to identify an optimal culture strategy for pediatric musculoskeletal infection. METHODS: Children with musculoskeletal infection were retrospectively studied to assess culture results from the infection site or blood; culture type, including aerobic, anaerobic, fungal, and acid-fast bacteria (AFB); antibiotic exposure history; and clinical history of children with positive culture results...
March 18, 2015: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Alice Tzeng, Tony H Tzeng, Sonia Vasdev, Kyle Korth, Travis Healey, Javad Parvizi, Khaled J Saleh
Considerable evidence suggests that microbial biofilms play an important role in periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) pathogenesis. Compared to free-floating planktonic bacteria, biofilm bacteria are more difficult to culture and possess additional immune-evasive and antibiotic resistance mechanisms, making infections harder to detect and eradicate. This article reviews cutting-edge advances in biofilm-associated infection diagnosis and treatment in the context of current PJI guidelines and highlights emerging technologies that may improve the efficacy and reduce costs associated with PJI...
March 2015: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Albert Pendleton, Mininder S Kocher
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus has been a clinically significant pathogen in orthopaedics for more than a decade. Research shows that these infections are more virulent and that treatment requires greater use of hospital resources. A multidisciplinary approach involving emergency department physicians, radiologists, interventional radiologists, MRI technicians, pediatricians, infectious disease specialists, anesthesiologists, and orthopaedic surgeons is necessary to optimize outcomes and minimize costs...
January 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Niral Patel, Andrew Worden, Rajul Patel, Javier Diaz-Mendoza, Lisa Stagner
Bronchology/Interventional Student/Resident Case Report Posters ISESSION TYPE: Medical Student/Resident Case ReportPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Endobronchial valves (EBV) were marketed for use in severe emphysematous COPD. However, they have demonstrated efficacy in managing persistent Bronchopleural Fistulas (Pneumothoraces). In 2008, the FDA approved the use of the IBV Valve System via the Humanitarian Device Exemption Program. There is still limited literature detailing the use of these valves in treating persistent air leaks, few involving thoracic infections, and none involving fungal infections...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Jason H Maley, Erin C Kiskis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2014: JAMA Internal Medicine
Amiethab Aiyer, Jessica Walrath, William Hennrikus
Lyme arthritis results from acute inflammation caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. The number of cases per year has been rising since 2006, with a majority of patients being affected in the northeastern United States. Development of Lyme arthritis is of particular importance to the orthopedic surgeon because Lyme arthritis often presents as an acute episode of joint swelling and tenderness and may be confused with bacterial septic arthritis. Considering the vast difference in treatment management between these 2 pathologies, differentiating between them is of critical importance...
October 2014: Orthopedics
Muhammad Saad Shinwari, Farzeen Tanwir, Pakiza Raza Hyder, Muhammad Humza Bin Saeed
Host Modulation Therapy (HMT) is a treatment concept that reduces tissue destruction and stabilizes or even regenerates inflammatory tissue by modifying host response factors. It has been used for treating osteoporosis and arthritis for several decades. However, its use in dentistry has only been recently reported. The objective of this article is to present a review of the various literatures available on HMT and also its role as adjunct therapy in periodontics. For identifying studies for this review, a PUBMED search was carried out in 2013 for all articles published till December 2012...
September 2014: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
E M Carlin, J M Ziza, A Keat, M Janier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: International Journal of STD & AIDS
M Gaubitz, F Dressler, H I Huppertz, A Krause
These guidelines summarize the current evidence for diagnosis and treatment of Lyme arthritis and the most frequent skin manifestations of Borrelia burgdorferi infections. Lyme arthritis is a monoarticular or oligoarticular form of arthritis that typically involves the knee. A positive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for IgG antibodies should be followed by an IgG immunoblot. A positive PCR test from synovial fluid adds increased diagnostic certainty. Serum positivity for antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi without typical symptoms does not justify antibiotic treatment...
June 2014: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
P Kosina, Š Rumlarová, S Plíšek, J Smetana
Pneumococcal infections continue to pose a serious medical problem. A broad range of serotypes, increasing resistance to antibiotics and high pathogenic potential of pneumococci are associated with development of various clinical forms of diseases. Some chronic diseases are an important predisposing factor for development of pneumococcal infections. The most common noninvasive forms of the disease are otitis, sinusitis, conjunctivitis; pneumonia is on the borderline between the invasive and noninvasive forms...
December 2013: Klinická Mikrobiologie a Infekc̆ní Lékar̆ství
Sujatha S Sivaraman, Mohamed Hassan, Julie M Pearson
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to: (1) examine the antibiotic prescribing practices of pediatric dentists and adherence to professional guidelines; and (2) assess their knowledge of and attitudes toward antibiotic resistance. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey regarding antibiotic use, resistance, and knowledge of antibiotic stewardship programs was emailed to 4,636 members of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD). RESULTS: 987 surveys (21 percent) were completed; 984 were analyzed...
2013: Pediatric Dentistry
Thomas Hügle, Thomas Daikeler, Alan Tyndall
The successful use of a chimeric monoclonal antibody targeting TNF alpha (infliximab) to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA) two decades ago, ushered in a new era of therapy with the so-called biopharmaceuticals, commonly referred to as "biologics". Their use rapidly spread to other indications such as Crohns disease, and their commercial success led to rapid extension of the concept using other forms of monoclonal antibodies and receptor recombinant molecules with specificities to other cytokines, growth factors and immune cell subsets...
January 2014: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
Bettina M Rosner, Dirk Werber, Michael Höhle, Klaus Stark
BACKGROUND: Foodborne Yersinia enterocolitica infections continue to be a public health problem in many countries. Consumption of raw or undercooked pork is the main risk factor for yersiniosis in Germany. Small children are most frequently affected by yersiniosis. In older children and young adults, symptoms of disease may resemble those of appendicitis and may lead to hospitalization and potentially unnecessary appendectomies. Y. enterocolitica infections may also cause sequelae such as reactive arthritis (ReA), erythema nodosum (EN), and conjunctivitis...
2013: BMC Infectious Diseases
Atul Deodhar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2013: Annals of Internal Medicine
Guillaume Coiffier, Jean-David Albert, Cédric Arvieux, Pascal Guggenbuhl
Staphylococcus spp. causes more than half of all osteoarticular infections of native structures or implanted material. The ability of Staphylococcus spp. to persist within infected bone tissue and to produce a bacterial biofilm, most notably in infections of implanted material, can lead to treatment failures and microbiological relapses. Rifampin is a cornerstone of the treatment of staphylococcal osteoarticular infections, particularly those of implanted material. Rifampin is a bactericidal antibiotic that diffuses very well within bone tissue and bacterial biofilms...
January 2013: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
Ranit Mishori, Erica L McClaskey, Vince J WinklerPrins
Chlamydia trachomatis is a gram-negative bacterium that infects the columnar epithelium of the cervix, urethra, and rectum, as well as nongenital sites such as the lungs and eyes. The bacterium is the cause of the most frequently reported sexually transmitted disease in the United States, which is responsible for more than 1 million infections annually. Most persons with this infection are asymptomatic. Untreated infection can result in serious complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy in women, and epididymitis and orchitis in men...
December 15, 2012: American Family Physician
Christopher Bibbo
Although there exist general guidelines regarding which patients are "suitable" candidates for total ankle replacement, these guidelines tend to be very conservative, much like those of knee and hip replacement from decades ago. There are also no direct comparison studies of one total ankle replacement design with another. Because of the paucity of data, surgeons are left to surmise the opinion based on limited studies, as well as industry-sponsored data and advertising material. This article examines several key, controversial issues that apply to total ankle replacement...
January 2013: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Sam R Dalvi, Resit Yildirim, Yusuf Yazici
Behcet's syndrome (BS) is a vasculitis, seen more commonly around the Mediterranean and the Far East, and manifests with oral and genital ulcerations, skin lesions, uveitis, and vascular, central nervous system and gastrointestinal involvement. Its natural history of getting less severe over time, more severe disease in males and lack of specific diagnostic testing separates it from other commonly seen conditions in rheumatology. Most of the serious manifestations respond well to immunosuppression, and these are the mainstays of treatment for BS...
December 3, 2012: Drugs
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