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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135584/concomitant-medication-polypharmacy-interactions-and-imperfect-adherence-are-common-in-australian-adults-on-suppressive-art
#1
Krista J Siefried, Limin Mao, Lucette A Cysique, John Rule, Michelle L Giles, Don E Smith, James Mcmahon, Tim R Read, Catriona Ooi, Ban K Tee, Mark Bloch, John de Wit, Andrew Carr
OBJECTIVES: We quantified concomitant medication (CM) polypharmacy, pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) interactions, adverse effects and adherence in Australian adults on effective ART. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Patients recruited into a nation-wide cohort and assessed for prevalence and type of CM (including polypharmacy, defined as ≥5 CMs), PK or PD interactions, potential CM adverse effects and CM adherence. Factors associated with CM polypharmacy and with imperfect adherence were identified using multivariable logistic regression...
November 10, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131802/acute-and-one-year-clinical-outcomes-following-implantation-of-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffolds-the-absorb-uk-registry
#2
Andreas Baumbach, Azfar Zaman, Nick Ej West, Peter O'Kane, Mohaned Egred, Thomas Johnson, Stephen Wheatcroft, Bowles Ruth, Adam de Belder, Georgious Bouras, Alexandra Lansky, Jonathan Hill, Anthony Mathur, Mark A de Belder, Adrian Banning
AIMS: The aim was to monitor practice patterns and outcomes in patients treated with Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) during the early phase of usage in the UK. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1005 patients with de-novo coronary lesions were treated using careful implantation techniques at 24 centers. Follow-up at one year was obtained in 99%. An independent clinical event committee and angiographic corelab adjudicated all events. Patient age was 52 years and 46% presented with acute coronary syndromes...
November 14, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115866/four-experimental-stimulants-found-in-sports-and-weight-loss-supplements-2-amino-6-methylheptane-octodrine-1-4-dimethylamylamine-1-4-dmaa-1-3-dimethylamylamine-1-3-dmaa-and-1-3-dimethylbutylamine-1-3-dmba
#3
Pieter A Cohen, John C Travis, Peter H J Keizers, Patricia Deuster, Bastiaan J Venhuis
BACKGROUND: The United States Food and Drug Administration banned the stimulant 1,3-dimethylamylamine (1,3-DMAA) from dietary supplements and warned consumers that the stimulant can pose cardiovascular risks ranging from high blood pressure to heart attacks. OBJECTIVES: We designed our study to determine if a new stimulant similar in structure to 1,3-DMAA has been introduced as an ingredient in supplements sold in the United States (US). METHODS: We analyzed six brands of supplements that listed an ingredient on the label (e...
November 8, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113898/finding-order-in-chemical-chaos-continuing-characterization-of-synthetic-cannabinoid-receptor-agonists
#4
REVIEW
Julie A Marusich, Jenny L Wiley, Timothy W Lefever, Purvi R Patel, Brian F Thomas
Diversion of synthetic cannabinoids from the lab to drugs of abuse has become increasingly prevalent in recent years. Moreover, as earlier synthetic cannabinoids were banned, manufacturers introduced a new supply of novel compounds to serve as replacements. Hence, the chemical diversity of synthetic cannabinoid analogs has also rapidly increased. The present study examined 8 new synthetic cannabinoids: AM-1220, AM-2232, AM-2233, AM-679, EAM-2201, JWH-210, JHW-251, and MAM-2201. Each compound was assessed for binding affinity and functional activation of CB1 and CB2 receptors, and pharmacological equivalence with Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in THC drug discrimination...
November 4, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099835/rna-seq-de-novo-assembly-and-differential-transcriptome-analysis-of-the-nematode-ascaridia-galli-in-relation-to-in-vivo-exposure-to-flubendazole
#5
Mihaela M Martis, Behdad Tarbiat, Eva Tydén, Désirée S Jansson, Johan Höglund
The nematode Ascaridia galli (order Ascaridida) is an economically important intestinal parasite responsible for increased food consumption, reduced performance and elevated mortality in commercial poultry production. This roundworm is an emerging problem in several European countries on farms with laying hens, as a consequence of the recent European Union (EU) ban on conventional battery cages. As infection is associated with slow development of low levels of acquired protective immunity, parasite control relies on repeated use of dewormers (anthelmintics)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078041/perspectives-on-the-discovery-of-notch2-specific-inhibitors
#6
Peter Dobranowski, Fuqiang Ban, Alberto Contreras-Sanz, Artem Cherkasov, Peter C Black
The Notch pathway is a cell-cell communication system where membrane-bound ligands interact with the extracellular region of Notch receptors to induce intracellular, downstream effects on gene expression. Aberrant Notch signaling promotes tumorigenesis, and the Notch pathway has tremendous potential for novel targeting strategies in cancer treatment. While γ-secretase inhibitors as Notch-inhibiting agents are already promising in clinical trials, they are highly non-specific with adverse side effects. One of the underlying challenges is that two of the four known human Notch paralogs, NOTCH1 and 2, share very high structural similarity but play opposing roles in some tumorigenesis pathways...
October 27, 2017: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073987/drug-policy-in-slovakia
#7
Maria Bucek Psenkova, Martin Visnansky, Stanislava Mackovicova, Dominik Tomek
Slovak law sets clear rules and timelines in the process of approving the price and reimbursement of drugs. During the last decade, the Ministry of Health adopted several cost-containment measures in the price and reimbursement policy. The most effective measures were the implementation of the external referencing of drug prices in 2008 and the reimbursement law in 2011. The new act introduced several regulations such as making stricter rules for the referencing of prices, setting cost per quality-adjusted life-year threshold, and defining new rules for the setting of reimbursements...
September 2017: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069085/influence-of-pharmaceutical-marketing-on-medicare-prescriptions-in-the-district-of-columbia
#8
Susan F Wood, Joanna Podrasky, Meghan A McMonagle, Janani Raveendran, Tyler Bysshe, Alycia Hogenmiller, Adriane Fugh-Berman
IMPORTANCE: Gifts from pharmaceutical companies are believed to influence prescribing behavior, but few studies have addressed the association between industry gifts to physicians and drug costs, prescription volume, or preference for generic drugs. Even less research addresses the effect of gifts on the prescribing behavior of nurse practitioners (NPs), physician assistants (PAs), and podiatrists. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between gifts provided by pharmaceutical companies to individual prescribers in Washington DC and the number of prescriptions, cost of prescriptions, and proportion of branded prescriptions for each prescriber...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065197/effects-of-filter-ventilation-on-behavioral-economic-demand-for-cigarettes-a-preliminary-investigation
#9
Jeffrey S Stein, Mikhail N Koffarnus, Richard J O'Connor, Dorothy K Hatsukami, Warren K Bickel
Introduction: The majority of cigarettes sold in the United States and abroad feature filter ventilation holes designed to dilute mainstream smoke. Although initially intended to produce a safer cigarette, data instead suggest that filter ventilation increases total harm from smoking. In the present study, we examined the effects of blocking ventilation holes on behavioral economic demand for cigarettes (i.e., consumption as a function of price). Methods: In a within-subjects design, regular smokers (N = 15) of ventilated cigarettes sampled vent-blocked cigarettes for 3 days...
July 23, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064946/synthetic-cannabinoids-a-review-of-the-clinical-implications-of-a-new-drug-of-choice
#10
Shaina A Freund, Adrian S Banning
Synthetic marijuana use is an emerging public health problem in the United States, and can cause agitation, severe psychosis, bizarre hallucinations, and possibly death. This article describes these products, which are unregulated and can vary widely in composition, and how clinicians can recognize patients with synthetic cannabinoid toxicity and treat them appropriately to minimize morbidity and mortality.
November 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036605/survey-of-laboratory-practices-for-diagnosis-of-fungal-infection-in-seven-asian-countries-an-asia-fungal-working-group-afwg-initiative
#11
Ariya Chindamporn, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Ruoyu Li, Pei-Lun Sun, Ban-Hock Tan, Mitzi Chua, Retno Wahyuningsih, Atul Patel, Zhengyin Liu, Yee-Chun Chen, Methee Chayakulkeeree
An online survey of mycology laboratories in seven Asian countries was conducted to assess the status, competence, and services available. Country representatives from the Asia Fungal Working Group (AFWG) contacted as many laboratories performing mycology diagnosis as possible in their respective countries, requesting that the laboratory heads complete the online survey. In total, 241 laboratories responded, including 71 in China, 104 in India, 11 in Indonesia, 26 in the Philippines, four in Singapore, 18 in Taiwan, and seven in Thailand...
September 20, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030459/household-triclosan-and-triclocarban-effects-on-the-infant-and-maternal-microbiome
#12
Jessica V Ribado, Catherine Ley, Thomas D Haggerty, Ekaterina Tkachenko, Ami S Bhatt, Julie Parsonnet
In 2016, the US Food and Drug Administration banned the use of specific microbicides in some household and personal wash products due to concerns that these chemicals might induce antibiotic resistance or disrupt human microbial communities. Triclosan and triclocarban (referred to as TCs) are the most common antimicrobials in household and personal care products, but the extent to which TC exposure perturbs microbial communities in humans, particularly during infant development, was unknown. We conducted a randomized intervention of TC-containing household and personal care products during the first year following birth to characterize whether TC exposure from wash products perturbs microbial communities in mothers and their infants...
October 13, 2017: EMBO Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024184/the-use-of-dipyrone-metamizol-as-an-analgesic-in-children-what-is-the-evidence-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Thomas G de Leeuw, Maaike Dirckx, Antonia Gonzalez Candel, Gail P Scoones, Frank J P M Huygen, Saskia N de Wildt
Dipyrone has analgesic, spasmolytic, and antipyretic effects and is used to treat pain. Due to a possible risk of agranulocytosis with the use of dipyrone, it has been banned in a number of countries. The most commonly used data for the use of dipyrone are related to adults. Information relating to the use of dipyrone in children is scarce. Given the potential added value of dipyrone in the treatment of pain, a review of the literature was conducted to obtain more insight into the analgesic efficacy of dipyrone in children as well as the safety of dipyrone in terms of adverse events...
December 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020367/clinical-outcomes-of-state-of-the-art-percutaneous-coronary-revascularization-in-patients-with-de-novo-three-vessel-disease-1-year-results-of-the-syntax-ii-study
#14
Javier Escaned, Carlos Collet, Nicola Ryan, Giovanni Luigi De Maria, Simon Walsh, Manel Sabate, Justin Davies, Maciej Lesiak, Raul Moreno, Ignacio Cruz-Gonzalez, Stephan P Hoole, Nick Ej West, J J Piek, Azfar Zaman, Farzin Fath-Ordoubadi, Rodney H Stables, Clare Appleby, Nicolas van Mieghem, Robert Jm van Geuns, Neal Uren, Javier Zueco, Pawel Buszman, Andres Iñiguez, Javier Goicolea, David Hildick-Smith, Andrzej Ochala, Dariusz Dudek, Colm Hanratty, Rafael Cavalcante, Arie Pieter Kappetein, David P Taggart, Gerrit-Anne van Es, Marie-Angèle Morel, Ton de Vries, Yoshinobu Onuma, Vasim Farooq, Patrick W Serruys, Adrian P Banning
Aims: To investigate if recent technical and procedural developments in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) significantly influence outcomes in appropriately selected patients with three-vessel (3VD) coronary artery disease. Methods and results: The SYNTAX II study is a multicenter, all-comers, open-label, single arm study that investigated the impact of a contemporary PCI strategy on clinical outcomes in patients with 3VD in 22 centres from four European countries...
November 7, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988625/in-vivo-programming-of-endogenous-antibodies-via-oral-administration-of-adaptor-ligands
#15
Masanobu Nagano, Nancy Carrillo, Nobumasa Otsubo, Wataru Hakamata, Hitoshi Ban, Roberta P Fuller, Nasir K Bashiruddin, Carlos F Barbas
Vaccination is a reliable method of prophylaxis and a crucial measure for public health. However, the majority of vaccines cannot be administered orally due to their degradation in the harsh gut environment or inability to cross the GI tract. In this study, we report the first proof-of-concept study of orally producible chemically programmed antibodies via specific conjugation of adaptor ligands to endogenous antibodies, in vivo. Pre-immuniztion with 2,4-dinitrophenyl (DNP), or the reactive hapten, 1,3-diketone (DK), or a novel reactive hapten, vinyl sulfone (VS) in mice, followed by oral administration of adaptor ligands composed of the hapten and biotin to the pre-immunized mice resulted in successful in vivo formation of the biotin-hapten-antibody complexes within 2h...
November 1, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982355/queensland-alcohol-related-violence-and-night-time-economy-monitoring-project-quantem-a-study-protocol
#16
Peter G Miller, Jason Ferris, Kerri Coomber, Renee Zahnow, Nicholas Carah, Heng Jiang, Kypros Kypri, Tanya Chikritzhs, Alan Clough, Michael Livingston, Dominique de Andrade, Robin Room, Sarah Callinan, Ashlee Curtis, Richelle Mayshak, Nicolas Droste, Belinda Lloyd, Sharon Matthews, Nicholas Taylor, Meredythe Crane, Michael Thorn, Jake Najman
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related harm is a substantial burden on the community in Australia and internationally, particularly harm related to risky drinking practices of young people in the night-time economy. This protocol paper describes a study that will report on the changes in a wide range of health and justice outcome measures associated with major policy changes in the state of Queensland, Australia. A key element includes trading hours restrictions for licensed premises to 2 am for the state and 3 am in Safe Night Precincts (SNPs)...
October 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980028/-trends-in-educational-inequalities-in-smoking-among-adolescents-in-germany-evidence-from-four-population-based-studies
#17
REVIEW
Benjamin Kuntz, Julia Waldhauer, Irene Moor, Katharina Rathmann, Matthias Richter, Boris Orth, Daniela Piontek, Ludwig Kraus, Johannes Zeiher, Thomas Lampert
BACKGROUND: In Germany, smoking prevalence among adolescents has significantly declined since the early 2000s. However, data show that adolescent smoking rates considerably differ between different types of secondary schools. The aim of our study was to examine how educational inequalities in adolescent smoking behaviour have developed over time. METHODS: Data were used from four population-based studies (each consisting of repeated cross-sectional surveys from 2001-2015): the representative surveys of the Federal Centre for Health Education, the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents, the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Study, and the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs...
October 4, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965348/adulteration-of-proprietary-chinese-medicines-and-health-products-with-undeclared-drugs-experience-of-a-tertiary-toxicology-laboratory-in-hong-kong
#18
Chor Kwan Ching, Sammy Pak Lam Chen, Hencher Han Chih Lee, Ying Hoo Lam, Sau Wah Ng, Mo Lung Chen, Magdalene Huen Yin Tang, Suzanne Suk San Chan, Candy Wai Yan Ng, Jana Wing Lan Cheung, Tina Yee Ching Chan, Nike Kwai Cheung Lau, Yeow Kuan Chong, Tony Wing Lai Mak
AIMS: Proprietary Chinese medicines (pCMs) and health products, generally believed to be natural and safe, are gaining popularity worldwide. However, the safety of pCMs and health products has been severely compromised by the practice of adulteration. The current study aimed to examine the problem of adulteration of pCMs and health products in Hong Kong. METHODS: The present study was conducted in a tertiary referral clinical toxicology laboratory in Hong Kong. All cases involving the use of pCMs or health products, which were subsequently confirmed to contain undeclared adulterants, from 2005 to 2015 were reviewed retrospectively...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957692/4-3h-quinazolone-regulates-innate-immune-signaling-upon-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-by-moderately-inhibiting-the-rig-1-pathway-in-raw264-7-cell
#19
Liwei He, Fangtian Fan, Xianbang Hou, Hongyan Wu, Juan Wang, Huiqin Xu, Yun Sun
The root of Isatis indigotica, also known as Ban-Lan-Gen (BLG), is commonly used for prevention and early treatment of respiratory virus infection, but the underlying mechanisms of action remain unclear. In the early stage of infection, the innate immune system is activated by virus, and related immune cells such as macrophages secrete large amounts of cytokines including IFNs and ILs. On the one hand, these cytokines can remove virus. On the other hand, they dominantly mediate the inflammatory injury caused by viral infection...
September 25, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953404/targeted-polypharmacology-discovery-of-a-highly-potent-non-hydroxamate-dual-matrix-metalloproteinase-mmp-10-13-inhibitor
#20
Nicole Senn, Michael Ott, Jan Lanz, Rainer Riedl
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a key role in many diseases like cancer, atherosclerosis or arthritis. Interest in MMP inhibition has been revitalized very recently as the knowledge on the underlying network of biological pathways is steadily growing. On the basis of this new insight into the relevance of MMP-10 and MMP-13 within the MMP network and the ban of hydroxamate inhibitors from clinical development, the discovery of non-hydroxamate multitarget drugs against specific MMPs is of foremost interest...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
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